National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.United StatesHealth Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Government Programs: Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.

*  Anna Penn - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Residency Program, Pediatrics, 2000. University of California-SF/Stanford Health Care. * Internship Program, Pediatrics, 1999. ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Anna Penn, MD, PhD, is a clinical neonatologist and developmental neuroscientist at Children's National Health System. She is ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/anna-penn?sc_lang=en

*  Megan Young - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Residency Program, Orthopaedics, 2011. Boston Medical Center. * Internship Program, General Surgery, 2005. Milton S. Hershey ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Megan Young is a pediatric orthopaedic surgeon at Children's National with a special concentration in limb lengthening and ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/megan-young

*  Neuro Intensive Care Unit - Children's National Health System

... one of the largest programs in the country, and is the only dedicated pediatric Neuro ICU in the Washington, DC region. ... Children's National experts are renowned for their expertise in treating children with brain injury and disease. The Gregory ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Children's National experts are renowned for their expertise in treating children with brain injury and disease. The Gregory ...
https://childrensnational.org/departments/center-for-neuroscience-and-behavioral-medicine/programs-and-services/neurology/neuro-intensive-care-unit

*  William Gaillard - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Fellowship Program, Epilepsy, 1993. National Institutes of Health. * Residency Program, Neurology, 1990. Johns Hopkins Hospital ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... The Comprehensive Pediatric Epilepsy Program at Children's National Health System has been named a Level 4 epilepsy center by ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/william-gaillard

*  California | Physicians for a National Health Program

He is a national board member of Physicians for a National Health Program and serves as co-chair for the Campaign for a Healthy ... Abrons is a national board adviser to Physicians for a National Health Program and a past president of PNHP California. He is a ... Physicians for a National Health Program. 29 E Madison Suite 1412, Chicago, IL 60602 ¤ Find us on a map. Phone (312) 782-6006 ... Per capita, the U.S. spends three times as much for health care than the U.K., whose taxpayer-funded National Health Service ...
pnhp.org/states/california/bad-medicine-should-we-escape-it-or-change-it/

*  Bennett Lavenstein - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Bennett Lavenstein, MD, serves as the Movement Disorders Program Director at Children's National Health System. Dr. Lavenstein ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Northern Virginia Magazine has named 64 Children's National Health System physicians to its 2017 list of "Top Doctors." ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/bennett-lavenstein

*  David Leitenberg - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Fellowship Program, Lab. Medicine & Immunobiology, 1995. Yale University. * Residency Program, Laboratory Medicine, 1993. Yale- ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... When Joey was 10-years-old, he was sent to Children's National and diagnosed with leukemia. Today, Joey is 16-years-old and ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/david-leitenberg

*  Marshall Summar - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Summar developed a program with NIH where very young children can benefit from NIH research programs at Children's National. Dr ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Children's National Geneticist Featured on Exploration Health Covering Urea Cycle Disorder October 06, 2015 This episode of ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/marshall-summar?sc_lang=en

*  Louis Marmon - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Residency Program, General Surgery, 1988. Temple University Hospital. * Residency Program, General Surgery, 1985. St. ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Louis Marmon, MD, PhD, is a pediatric surgeon at Children's National Health System. His areas of interest include outpatient ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/louis-marmon

*  Jeffrey Becker - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. * Internship Program, Pediatrics, 1989. Walter Reed National Military Medical ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Fellowship Program, Pediatric Cardiology, 1997. Children's National Medical Center. * Residency Program, Pediatrics, 1991. ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/jeffrey-becker

*  Honoring Advocates for Their Service to Children - Children's National Health System

... and organizations for their advocacy on behalf of children's health, at a private event at the hospital on December 7. ... Children's National Health System honored prominent local government officials, business executives, community leaders, ... Children's National Named to Becker's Hospital Review 100 Hospitals & Health Systems With Great Neurosurgery and Spine Programs ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ...
https://childrensnational.org/news-and-events/childrens-newsroom/2015/honoring-advocates-for-their-service-to-children

*  General and Thoracic Surgery - Children's National Health System

Children's National Health System surgeons perform more pediatric surgeries than any other area hospital, using the latest ... In the program, physicians and nurse practitioners help children with care throughout their life to maintain healthy bowel ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... At Children's National Health System, our pediatric surgeons deliver excellent care with a compassionate touch. In addition, we ...
https://childrensnational.org/departments/general-and-thoracic-surgery

*  Maria Pena - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Fellowship Program, Pediatric Otolaryngology, 1998. Children's National Medical Center. * Residency Program, Otolaryngology, ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Maria Pena, MD, has been practicing at Children's National Health System since 1998. In addition to a large clinical practice, ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/maria-pena

*  Asha Moudgil - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Fellowship Program, Pediatric Nephrology, 1995. UCLA School of Medicine. * Residency Program, 1985. All India Institute of Med ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Moudgil focuses on educational efforts for trainees at Children's National Health System and for Pediatric Nephrologists and ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/asha-moudgil

*  Teen Health Services - Children's National Health System

... mental health, and other health concerns important for adolescents. ... Children's National provides outreach and education to DC-area teens on sexual health, ... This program helps teens develop the life skills to responsibly manage everything from their health to their relationships to ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ...
https://childrensnational.org/advocacy-and-outreach/in-the-community/other-community-programs/teen-health-services

*  Teen Programs - Children's National Health System

That's why we offer many programs for developing teens at the Children's Adolescent Health Center. ... Children's National physicians and staff know that it's tough to be a teen. ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... After each performance, TASA members provide information about health services for teens at Children's National Health System, ...
https://childrensnational.org/primary-care/teen-programs

*  Leukemia Lymphoma Program - Children's National Health System

The leukemia and lymphoma team at Children's National in Washington, DC, offers an unmatched level of expertise in caring for ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... At Children's National, our leukemia and lymphoma specialists are national experts in treating all types of pediatric blood ... Children's National is training the next generation of hematology experts through our Hematology Oncology Fellowship Program. ...
https://childrensnational.org/departments/center-for-cancer-and-blood-disorders/oncology/programs-and-services/leukemia-lymphoma-program

*  Miriam Bloom - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Residency Program, Pediatrics, 1992. Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. * Residency Program, Pediatrics, 1991. ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Miriam Bloom, MD, is a Hospitalist with Children's National Health System. Dr. Bloom has a special interest in pediatric ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/miriam-bloom

*  Lowell Frank - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Fellowship Program, Pediatric Cardiology, 2009. Children's National Medical Center. * Residency Program, Pediatrics, 2006. New ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Frank has conducted research at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health analyzing ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/lowell-frank

*  Craig Sable - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... Fellowship Program, Pediatric Cardiology, 1995. Children's National Medical Center. * Residency Program, Pediatrics, 1992. ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Children's National Health System has been awarded a $3.7 million grant from the American Heart Association (AHA) to launch a ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/craig-sable?sc_lang=en

*  Kirtida Mistry - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... She serves as Medical Director of the Dialysis Program at Children's National, providing leadership in the care of patients ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Residency Program, General Pediatrics, 1994. King Edward VIII Hospital. * Internship Program, Rotating Internship, 1992. King ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/kirtida-mistry

*  Cardiac Imaging - Children's National Health System

Children's is national leader in congenital heart disease imaging. ... Children's National Heart Institute is an international leader in pediatric cardiac care. The Institute brings together a ... Interventional Cardiac MRI (ICMR) Program. Through a partnership with the National Institutes of Health (NIH), we offer an ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ...
https://childrensnational.org/departments/childrens-national-heart-institute/special-programs-and-services/cardiac-imaging

*  Sophia Smith - Children's National Health System

... is one of our many providers at Children's National Health System that are dedicated to advancing pediatric patient care. Our ... She created Children's Physician Champion Program for Organ Donation and is part of the Airway Championship Team. Dr. Smith is ... Copyright Children's National Health System 2017 Children's National Health System, based in Washington, DC, is Magnet® ... Sophia Smith, MD, is a pediatric critical care medicine intensivist at Children's National in the pediatric intensive care unit ...
https://childrensnational.org/choose-childrens/find-a-provider/sophia-smith

*  Physicians for National Health Program : NPR

Physicians for National Health Program Physicians for National Health Program Stories About Physicians for National Health ...
npr.org/tags/125939116/physicians-for-national-health-program/archive?date=2-28-1997

*  Videos - Canadian Digestive Health Foundation

The Foundation is working to establish Digestive Health, Healthy Living and Prevention as a national priority. ... The Canadian Digestive Health Foundation provides expert advice and compassionate support to the millions of Canadians who ... Richard Hunt introduces you to this program so you can enjoy better digestive - and overall - health. ... Enhancing lifelong health. The Canadian Digestive Health Foundation believes our ability to help establish, enrich and protect ...
cdhf.ca/en/videos/ulcerative-colitis-

Standard evaluation frameworkPublic Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Global Health Delivery ProjectHealth policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Halfdan T. MahlerContraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.Fome Zero: Fome Zero (, Zero Hunger) is a Brazilian government program introduced by the then President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in 2003, with the goal to eradicate hunger and extreme poverty in Brazil.Aging (scheduling): In Operating systems, Aging is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation. Fixed priority scheduling is a scheduling discipline, in which tasks queued for utilizing a system resource are assigned a priority each.

(1/1951) Risk-adjusted capitation based on the Diagnostic Cost Group Model: an empirical evaluation with health survey information.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive accuracy of the Diagnostic Cost Group (DCG) model using health survey information. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Longitudinal data collected for a sample of members of a Dutch sickness fund. In the Netherlands the sickness funds provide compulsory health insurance coverage for the 60 percent of the population in the lowest income brackets. STUDY DESIGN: A demographic model and DCG capitation models are estimated by means of ordinary least squares, with an individual's annual healthcare expenditures in 1994 as the dependent variable. For subgroups based on health survey information, costs predicted by the models are compared with actual costs. Using stepwise regression procedures a subset of relevant survey variables that could improve the predictive accuracy of the three-year DCG model was identified. Capitation models were extended with these variables. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: For the empirical analysis, panel data of sickness fund members were used that contained demographic information, annual healthcare expenditures, and diagnostic information from hospitalizations for each member. In 1993, a mailed health survey was conducted among a random sample of 15,000 persons in the panel data set, with a 70 percent response rate. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The predictive accuracy of the demographic model improves when it is extended with diagnostic information from prior hospitalizations (DCGs). A subset of survey variables further improves the predictive accuracy of the DCG capitation models. The predictable profits and losses based on survey information for the DCG models are smaller than for the demographic model. Most persons with predictable losses based on health survey information were not hospitalized in the preceding year. CONCLUSIONS: The use of diagnostic information from prior hospitalizations is a promising option for improving the demographic capitation payment formula. This study suggests that diagnostic information from outpatient utilization is complementary to DCGs in predicting future costs.  (+info)

(2/1951) Disease eradication and health systems development.

This article provides a framework for the design of future eradication programmes so that the greatest benefit accrues to health systems development from the implementation of such programmes. The framework focuses on weak and fragile health systems and assumes that eradication leads to the cessation of the intervention required to eradicate the disease. Five major components of health systems are identified and key elements which are of particular relevance to eradication initiatives are defined. The dearth of documentation which can provide "lessons learned" in this area is illustrated with a brief review of the literature. Opportunities and threats, which can be addressed during the design of eradication programmes, are described and a number of recommendations are outlined. It is emphasized that this framework pertains to eradication programmes but may be useful in attempts to coordinate vertical and horizontal disease control activities for maximum mutual benefits.  (+info)

(3/1951) Perspectives from the dracunculiasis eradication programme.

After a slow beginning in association with the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade (1981-1990), the global Dracunculiasis Eradication Programme has reduced the incidence of dracunculiasis by nearly 97%, from an estimated 3.2 million cases in 1986 to less than 100,000 cases in 1997. Over half of the remaining cases are in Sudan. In addition, the programme has already produced many indirect benefits such as improved agricultural production and school attendance, extensive provision of clean drinking-water, mobilization of endemic communities, and improved care of infants. Most workers in the campaign have other responsibilities in their communities or ministries of health besides dracunculiasis eradication.  (+info)

(4/1951) Candidate parasitic diseases.

This paper discusses five parasitic diseases: American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), dracunculiasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis and schistosomiasis. The available technology and health infrastructures in developing countries permit the eradication of dracunculiasis and the elimination of lymphatic filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti. Blindness due to onchocerciasis and transmission of this disease will be prevented in eleven West African countries; transmission of Chagas disease will be interrupted. A well-coordinated international effort is required to ensure that scarce resources are not wasted, efforts are not duplicated, and planned national programmes are well supported.  (+info)

(5/1951) A national program for control of acute respiratory tract infections: the Philippine experience.

Maturing programs on child immunization and diarrheal diseases, a community-based research project, and a rational drug-use program facilitated the launching in 1989 of a nationwide Philippine Control of Acute Respiratory Infections program (Phil-CARI). From 1990 to 1991 the Phil-CARI expanded rapidly, training >80% of its middle managers and frontline health care providers on the case-management protocols of the World Health Organization for acute respiratory infection. Multiple donors and good collaboration with various societies and medical schools assisted the program. However, by 1992, there were difficulties in maintaining training quality, follow-up, and supervision. Donor assistance dwindled and the health care delivery system decentralized. Government procurement systems were unable to meet the logistics demands of the program. The monitoring and evaluation system was inadequate to measure impact. The Phil-CARI provides lessons in searching for more sustainable approaches and systems to meet the various demands of a nationwide ARI control program and to create the desired impact.  (+info)

(6/1951) The cost of obesity in Canada.

BACKGROUND: Almost one-third of adult Canadians are at increased risk of disability, disease and premature death because of being obese. In order to allocate limited health care resources rationally, it is necessary to elucidate the economic burden of obesity. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the direct costs related to the treatment of and research into obesity in Canada in 1997. METHODS: The prevalence of obesity (body mass index of 27 or greater) in Canada was determined using data from the National Population Health Survey, 1994-1995. Ten comorbidities of obesity were identified from the medical literature. A population attributable fraction (PAF) was calculated for each comorbidity with data from large cohort studies to determine the extent to which each comorbidity and its management costs were attributable to obesity. The direct cost of each comorbidity was determined using data from the Canadian Institute of Health Information (for direct expenditure categories) and from Health Canada (for the proportion of expenditure category attributable to the comorbidity). This prevalence-based approach identified the direct costs of hospital care, physician services, services of other health professionals, drugs, other health care and health research. For each comorbidity, the cost attributable to obesity was determined by multiplying the PAF by the total direct cost of the comorbidity. The overall impact of obesity was estimated as the sum of the PAF-weighted costs of treating the comorbidities. A sensitivity analysis was completed on both the estimated costs and the PAFs. RESULTS: The total direct cost of obesity in Canada in 1997 was estimated to be over $1.8 billion. This corresponded to 2.4% of the total health care expenditures for all diseases in Canada in 1997. The sensitivity analysis revealed that the total cost could be as high as $3.5 billion or as low as $829.4 million; this corresponded to 4.6% and 1.1% respectively of the total health care expenditures in 1997. When the contributions of the comorbidities to the total cost were considered, the 3 largest contributors were hypertension ($656.6 million), type 2 diabetes mellitus ($423.2 million) and coronary artery disease ($346.0 million). INTERPRETATION: A considerable proportion of health care dollars is devoted to the treatment and management of obesity-related comorbidities in Canada. Further research into the therapeutic benefits and cost-effectiveness of management strategies for obesity is required. It is anticipated that the prevention and treatment of obesity will have major positive effects on the overall cost of health care.  (+info)

(7/1951) Is health insurance in Greece in need of reform?

This paper aims to assess the relationship between insurance contributions and health benefits in Greece by using information from sickness funds' accounts. The paper argues that the fragmentation of social health insurance, and the particular ways in which sickness funds' financial services are organized, are a major source of inequity and are grossly inefficient. The survival of these systems in the 1990s cannot be explained except on grounds of inertia and corporate resistance.  (+info)

(8/1951) Health insurance in developing countries: lessons from experience.

Many developing countries are currently considering the possibility of introducing compulsory health insurance schemes. One reason is to attract more resources to the health sector. If those who, together with their employers, can pay for their health services and are made to do so by insurance, the limited tax funds can be concentrated on providing services for fewer people and thus improve coverage and raise standards. A second reason is dissatisfaction with existing services in which staff motivation is poor, resources are not used to best advantage and patients are not treated with sufficient courtesy and respect. This article describes the historical experience of the developed countries in introducing and steadily expanding the coverage of health insurance, sets out the consensus which has developed about health insurance (at least in Western European countries) and describes the different forms which health insurance can take. The aim is to bring out the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches from this experience, to set out the options for developing countries and to give warnings about the dangers of some approaches.  (+info)



Institute on Aging


  • NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH). (umich.edu)

Institutes


Mortality Study


  • The National Longitudinal Mortality Study (NLMS) consists of a database developed for the purpose of studying the effects of demographic and socio-economic characteristics on differentials in United States mortality rates. (umich.edu)
  • Users should consult the data owners directly (via National Longitudinal Mortality Study (NLMS) ) for details on obtaining these resources. (umich.edu)
  • The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II: Mortality Study, 1992 (NH2MS) followed a subset of the participants in the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II). (umich.edu)

ICPSR


  • This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. (umich.edu)

periodic basis


  • These surveys have been conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) on a periodic basis from 1971 to 1994. (umich.edu)
  • Rather, matching to the National Death Index (NDI) and to other national databases will continue on a periodic basis. (umich.edu)

physical examinations


  • The NHANES combines personal interviews and physical examinations, which focus on different population groups or health topics. (umich.edu)
  • The NHANES series of data collections included standardized physical examinations, laboratory tests, and interviews that covered various health-related topics. (umich.edu)

primary


  • Under direction from the Chief Executive Officer , the Compliance Officer serves as the Plan's primary executor and administrator… activities and programs as well as plans, implements and monitors the organization's Medicare compliance program . (glassdoor.com)

Summary


  • The report, titled "Remember 9/11 and Anthrax: Public Health's Vital Role in National Defense," includes essays from about 35 federal, state, and local public health officials who were involved in responding to the 2001 attacks, plus a chronology of key events and a summary of the anthrax investigation. (umn.edu)
  • A summary of how public health preparedness has evolved in the past 10 years is also included in the report. (umn.edu)

population


  • As in past health examination surveys, data were collected on the prevalence of chronic conditions in the population. (umich.edu)

Coverage


  • The purpose of the HIPS was to verify information reported by respondents to two components of the NMES, the Household Survey and the Survey of American Indians and Alaska Natives (SAIAN), about their health insurance coverage. (umich.edu)
  • The legislation aims to create a so-called single-payer system: a unified public insurance pool that would cover all residents' health-care costs, thereby extending coverage to three million previously uninsured Californians. (pnhp.org)

adequate


  • In a press release, TFAH says the stories in the report reflect how the 2001 events marked the first time that public health came to be considered central to emergency response and national security on a wide-scale basis, and also show how public health officials were working without adequate resources or training to respond to these types of attacks. (umn.edu)

public health agencies


  • NCHS is working with public health agencies to increase knowledge of the health status of older Americans. (umich.edu)
  • The report recalls the fear, confusion, and overwhelming workloads that public health agencies faced in the wake of the Sep 11 terrorist attacks and especially the anthrax attacks that surfaced in early October of that year. (umn.edu)

Evaluation


  • training and supervision of program staff, program development and evaluation… supervision of the Associate Director, the Program Manager of ACAC will provide oversight of staff and clients. (glassdoor.com)
  • Instead, mortality status was ascertained solely by computerized matching to national databases and evaluation of the resulting matches. (umich.edu)

data


  • Public Use Tape 16 is the second public use data release from the NMES Health Insurance Plans Survey (HIPS). (umich.edu)

various


  • Depending upon the age of the participant, the rest of the examination includes tests and procedures to assess the various aspects of health listed above. (umich.edu)

changing focus


  • In 1999 the NHANES became a continuous program with a changing focus on a variety of health and nutrition measurements which were designed to meet current and emerging concerns. (umich.edu)

care


  • He has written extensively in the lay press on single payer and patient-oriented health care, often using the concept of "Universal Medicare" as a model for single payer that the public can understand and support. (pnhp.org)
  • Dr. Paul Song is a board-certified radiation oncologist, biotech executive, and health care reform activist. (pnhp.org)
  • He also served as the very first visiting fellow on health care policy in the California Department of Insurance for 2013. (pnhp.org)
  • The California State Assembly will be busy this summer continuing to shape SB-562, a statewide universal health-care bill that passed the Senate last month. (pnhp.org)
  • 1996 Benchmarks of Fairness for Health Care Reform - Oxford University Press. (slideserve.com)

staff


  • In collaboration… coordination across programs , program operations, and other foundation relations and development staff. (glassdoor.com)

report


  • Sep 1, 2011 (CIDRAP News) - Public health leaders, recalling and reflecting on the anthrax letter attacks of 2001 in a lengthy report released today, say the nation is better prepared to respond to such an emergency than it was 10 years ago, but their confidence is tinged with fear of slipping backward in the current era of budget cutting. (umn.edu)
  • The report was prepared by the Trust for America's Health (TFAH), a nonprofit, nonpartisan advocacy group based in Washington, DC. (umn.edu)
  • Most, if not all, of the contributors to the TFAH report say the public health world is better prepared to respond to a biological weapons attack today than it was in 2001. (umn.edu)

management


  • Participate in training programs as required by management. (glassdoor.com)
  • Must have project/ program management experience. (glassdoor.com)

continue


  • Sufficient numbers of MAs were retained in the sample design so that trends in the health of MAs can continue to be monitored. (umich.edu)

past


  • Dr. Abrons is a national board adviser to Physicians for a National Health Program and a past president of PNHP California. (pnhp.org)

SURVEY


  • The National Medical Expenditure Survey (NMES) series provides information on health expenditures by or on behalf of families and individuals, the financing of these expenditures, and each person's use of services. (umich.edu)

status


  • The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) is a program of studies designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. (umich.edu)

plans


  • In particular, they say public health laboratories are better equipped to test potentially dangerous samples, communication systems have improved, there are plans in place to distribute countermeasures, and public health has a much closer relationship with law enforcement and emergency response agencies. (umn.edu)

design


  • delivering programs in a business environment with the practical application of leadership development , organization development and/… in the areas of manager development , group facilitation, and training design. (glassdoor.com)

quality


  • cooperate with internal quality control and compliance programs . (glassdoor.com)

database


  • These link files permit identification of the records in the Private Health Insurance Benefit Database (Parts 3-17 of this collection) that describe the specific benefits held by the policyholders. (umich.edu)