Musculoskeletal Diseases: Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.Musculoskeletal System: The MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body.Rheumatic Diseases: Disorders of connective tissue, especially the joints and related structures, characterized by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Musculoskeletal Pain: Discomfort stemming from muscles, LIGAMENTS, tendons, and bones.Fibromyalgia: A common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points). Muscle pain is typically aggravated by inactivity or exposure to cold. This condition is often associated with general symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stiffness, HEADACHES, and occasionally DEPRESSION. There is significant overlap between fibromyalgia and the chronic fatigue syndrome (FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC). Fibromyalgia may arise as a primary or secondary disease process. It is most frequent in females aged 20 to 50 years. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1494-95)Work Capacity Evaluation: Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.Republic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.Osteoarthritis: A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.Sick Leave: An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Osteoporosis: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.FinlandPrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Arthritis, Rheumatoid: A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.Long-Term Care: Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Musculoskeletal Development: The morphologic and physiological changes of the MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body, i.e., MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, during the prenatal and postnatal stages of development.Human Engineering: The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Musculoskeletal Abnormalities: Congenital structural abnormalities and deformities of the musculoskeletal system.Cumulative Trauma Disorders: Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.Musculoskeletal Physiological Processes: Biological actions and functions of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Computer Terminals: Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)Muscle Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer located in muscle tissue or specific muscles. They are differentiated from NEOPLASMS, MUSCLE TISSUE which are neoplasms composed of skeletal, cardiac, or smooth muscle tissue, such as MYOSARCOMA or LEIOMYOMA.Neck Pain: Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Shoulder Pain: Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of inflammatory or degenerative processes and metabolic derangement of connective tissue structures which pertain to a variety of musculoskeletal disorders, such as arthritis.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Upper Extremity: The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.Workload: The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Search Results for 'Latin' 'Musculoskeletal Diseases' '1800-1849'You searched for: Latin Remove constraint Latin Musculoskeletal Diseases Remove constraint Musculoskeletal Diseases Dates by ...
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20037250 - Musician health and safety: preventing playing-related musculoskeletal disorders.These activities may result in playing-related musculoskeletal disorders. Musicians often work part-time or seasonally or are ... Musicians are exposed to high-risk musculoskeletal activities such as repetition, hours of exposure, and awkward postures when ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027 USA ... Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Neurological-system; Physiological-effects; Physiological-response; ...
DMOZ - Health: Child Health: Conditions and Diseases: Musculoskeletal DisordersThe Children's Hospital at Westmead - Perthes' disease Fact sheet for parents describing the disease, causes, diagnosis and ... "Health ... Musculoskeletal Disorders" search on: AOL - Ask - Bing - DuckDuckGo - Gigablast - Google - ixquick - Yahoo - Yandex ... Information and support for parents of children with Perthes disease and related conditions, including all forms of ... A resource for families and health professionals caring for children with arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, kawasaki disease, SLE ...
Sensors | Free Full-Text | Accelerometry-Based Activity Recognition and Assessment in Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal DiseasesOne of the important aspects to be considered in rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases is the patient's activity capacity (or ... Accelerometry-Based Activity Recognition and Assessment in Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases. Lieven Billiet 1,2,* , Thijs ... One of the important aspects to be considered in rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases is the patient's activity capacity (or ... "Accelerometry-Based Activity Recognition and Assessment in Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases." Sensors 16, no. 12: 2151. ...
DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Musculoskeletal Disorders: Arthritis: Rheumatoid: Personal PagesShare your experience with Arthritis, or your experience with someone who has arthritis. Helpful hints, nutrition, or any other helpful information.
DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Musculoskeletal Disorders: Back and Spine: ScoliosisHighlights recent medical studies that show most people with this disease, including children, have osteoporosis or osteopenia ...
Bone Metabolism-Musculoskeletel Disease Research Markers and AntibodiesAntibodies and markers designed for Musculoskeletal Disease like Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoporosis, ... Musculoskeletal diseases and conditions are defined as conditions of the bones, muscles and their attachments such as joints. ... These include diseases caused by the dysfunction of bone metabolism (the processes involved in bone resorption and formation). ... Neuromics is well positioned the serve basic and drug discovery Musculoskeletel Disease Researchers. In addition to these ...
DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Musculoskeletal Disorders: ContracturesAbnormal condition of joint flexion and fixation caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers or loss of normal elasticity of skin.
Musculoskeletal News, ResearchResearcher develops bone marrow models to study hematological and musculoskeletal diseases For her research on the development ... Common heart disease medication may help treat pulmonary arterial hypertension A team of Cleveland Clinic researchers found ... NIH awards $15 million to develop 3D microphysiological system platforms that model human disease More than 60 percent of ... According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cerebral palsy (CP)-;caused by neurological damage before, during ...
Diagnostic Imaging of Musculoskeletal Diseases, Buch - ReadRateDiagnostic Imaging of Musculoskeletal Diseases und Buchbewertungen gibt es auf ReadRate.com. Bücher können hier direkt online ... Diagnostic Imaging of Musculoskeletal Diseases: A Systematic Approach is a useful and worthy teaching textthat is at once ... Diagnostic Imaging of Musculoskeletal Diseases: A Systematic Approach is an exceptionally important new text that contains ... With the advent of new technologies, the field of musculoskeletal radiology has grown to include not only diseases that affect ...
DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Musculoskeletal Disorders: Back and Spine: Ruptured DiskHealth Conditions and Diseases Musculoskeletal Disorders Back and Spine Ruptured Disk 7 ...
DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Musculoskeletal DisordersMusculoskeletal Disorders are a large group of common diseases and disorders which can involve muscles, ligaments, connective ... Musculoskeletal Disorders are a large group of common diseases and disorders which can involve muscles, ligaments, connective ... National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) One of the research institutes of the National ... "Health ... Musculoskeletal Disorders" search on: AOL - Ask - Bing - DuckDuckGo - Gigablast - Google - ixquick - Yahoo - Yandex ...
Medical Imagesبانك اطلاعات اطلسهاي پزشكي اينترنتي جهانMuseum of Human Disease including a set of Interactive Images/Cases of Disease [G Velan] - Univ. of New South Wales (AU) *About ... Musculoskeletal Imaging Teaching Files - UHRAD.com (US) *A Musculoskeletal Atlas of the human body, an Upper Extremity Muscle ... Microbiology, Infectious Diseasesبيماريهاي عفوني وميكروبشناسي. Neurology. مغز و اعصاب. Oncology. سرطان شناسي. Pediatrics. اطفال ... Multimedia Musculoskeletal Machine) [Teitz et al.] - U of Washington *Interactive Atlas of Signs in Musculoskeletal Radiology, ...
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20038301 - Work hours, musculoskeletal disorders and CVD risk.... and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). CVD is the number one cause of illness and death in the U.S., and high blood pressure is ... cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). CVD is the number one cause of illness and death in ... Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, ... Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Blood-pressure; Statistical-analysis; Demographic- ...
Expert Review Team Report for Institute of Musculoskeletal Health and Arthritis - CIHR... outcomes and achievements of the Institute of Musculoskeletal Health and Arthritis. Includes recommendations as well as list of ... and engaging with the various musculoskeletal and skin disease and oral disease stakeholders in developing their research ... Outside musculoskeletal diseases the Institute has brought together scientists and clinicians for enhanced (from a low base) of ... This is particularly true in arthritis and musculoskeletal disease in Canada. After a mild resurgence a decade or so ago, it ...
DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Musculoskeletal Disorders: Connective Tissue: LupusFor most people, lupus is a mild disease affecting only a few organs. For others, it may cause serious and even life- ... Lupus is an autoimmune disease that can affect various parts of the body, including the skin, joints, heart, lungs, blood, ... Hospital for Joint Diseases - Lupus By H Michael Belmont, MD, Rheumatologist, specialist in the treatment, research, and the ... For most people, lupus is a mild disease affecting only a few organs. For others, it may cause serious and even life- ...
DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Musculoskeletal Disorders: Sprains and StrainsA sprain is an injury which occurs to ligaments caused by a sudden overstretching. The ligament is only usually stretched, but sometimes it can be snapped, slightly torn or ruptured, which are more serious and require longer to heal.
PhD Translational Health Sciences | Study at Bristol | University of BristolDr Celia Gregson, (Consultant Senior Lecturer in Musculoskeletal Medicine), Body composition; genetics of bone disease; high ... including Alzheimer's disease, stress-related psychiatric disease (such as depression) and neuroendocrine diseases. Major ... Dr Emma Clark, (Consultant Senior Lecturer), Determinants of childhood fractures; epidemiology of musculoskeletal disease; ... The Pleural Disease Team undertakes clinical trials work relating to the pleura which are particularly susceptible to diseases ...
Obesity as a Risk Factor for Musculoskeletal Diseases in the U.S. Air Force: Associations and Implications for Force Readiness ...... A second analysis will be performed on the same cohort using musculoskeletal disease as an independent predictor variable, as ... Cushing's Disease. *Prior to or during the study period, more than 6 months of taking proton pump inhibitors, ... Cushing's Disease. *Prior to or during the study period, more than 6 months of taking proton pump inhibitors, ...
DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Musculoskeletal Disorders: Connective Tissue: Lupus: OrganizationsOffers information about the organization as well as the disease. Includes FAQs, the clinics, research, publications and ...
DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Musculoskeletal Disorders: Back and SpineBack and spine pain is commonly due to problems with the muscles, bones, disks or ligaments in the back. This category is for sites which provide information about these problems.
Biglycan knockout mice: new models for musculoskeletal diseases.These studies present important new animal models for musculoskeletal diseases and provide the opportunity to characterize the ...
RACGP - Clinical guidelines for musculoskeletal diseases (OA, RA, JIA, OP)Clinical guidelines for musculoskeletal diseases (OA, RA, JIA, OP) , RACGP ... Clinical guidelines for musculoskeletal diseases (OA, RA, JIA, OP) *Female genital cosmetic surgery - A resource for general ... Clinical guidelines for musculoskeletal diseases (OA, RA, JIA, OP) *Osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis and management in ... Prevention in the management of musculoskeletal conditions: A guide for practice nurses (pdf 7MB). A resource for nurses ...
Science and Development of Muscle Hypertrophy - Callisto.RoMuscle hypertrophy-defined as an increase in muscular size-is one of the primary outcomes of resistance training. Science and Development of Muscle Hypertrophy is a comprehensive compilation of science-based principles to help professionals develop muscl
Human musculoskeletal system: The human musculoskeletal system (also known as the locomotor system, and previously the activity system) is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using their muscular and skeletal systems. The musculoskeletal system provides form, support, stability, and movement to the body.Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases: The Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases is a peer-reviewed medical journal. It is co-owned by the BMJ Group and the European League Against Rheumatism and covers all aspects of rheumatology, including musculoskeletal conditions, arthritis, and connective tissue diseases.Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain: The Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain is a quarterly Peer review-peer-reviewed medical journal covering research on chronic muscle and bone pain, including fibromyalgia, myofascial pain, and other types of musculoskeletal pain. It is published by Informa Healthcare.Fibromyalgia: – FibromyalgiaRainbow (South Korean band)Osteoarthritis Research Society International: The Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) is a non-profit scientific organization.OARSI.Sick leave: Sick leave (or paid sick days or sick pay) is time off from work that workers can use to stay home to address their health and safety needs without losing pay. Paid sick leave is a statutory requirement in many nations around the world.World Osteoporosis Day: World Osteoporosis Day is observed annually on 20 October, and launches a year-long campaign dedicated to raising global awareness of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease. Organized by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), World Osteoporosis Day involves campaigns by national osteoporosis patient societies from around the world with activities in over 90 countries.Australia–Finland relations: Australia–Finland relations are foreign relations between the Australia and Finland. Diplomatic relations were established on 31 May 1949.ACR score for rheumatoid arthritis: ACR score is a scale to measure change in rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. It is named after the American College of Rheumatology.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Human factors and ergonomics: Human factors and ergonomics (HF&E), also known as comfort design, functional design, and user-friendly systems,Ergonomics in Thesaurus.com is the practice of designing products, systems or processes to take proper account of the interaction between them and the people who use them.Musculoskeletal abnormalityWorkraveAvijit Lahiri: Avijit Lahiri is a researcher in cardiology[http://www.journals.Cancer pain: Pain in cancer may arise from a tumor compressing or infiltrating nearby body parts; from treatments and diagnostic procedures; or from skin, nerve and other changes caused by a hormone imbalance or immune response. Most chronic (long-lasting) pain is caused by the illness and most acute (short-term) pain is caused by treatment or diagnostic procedures.German Center for Pediatric and Adolescent Rheumatology: == History ==WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Pain scale: A pain scale measures a patient's pain intensity or other features. Pain scales are based on self-report, observational (behavioral), or physiological data.
(1/1401) Failing firefighters: a survey of causes of death and ill-health retirement in serving firefighters in Strathclyde, Scotland from 1985-94.
During the decade beginning 1 January 1985, 887 full-time firefighters, all male, left the service of Strathclyde Fire Brigade (SFB). There were 17 deaths--compared to 64.4 expected in the Scottish male population aged 15-54 years--giving a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 26, and 488 ill-health retirements (IHR). None of the deaths was attributable to service, the major causes being: myocardial infarction--five, (expected = 17.3; SMR = 29); cancers--three (colon, kidney and lung) (expected = 13.6; SMR = 22); road traffic accidents--two (expected = 4.17; SMR = 48) and suicide--two (expected = 4.9; SMR = 41). Amalgamating the deaths and IHRs showed that the six most common reasons for IHR were musculoskeletal (n = 202, 40%), ocular (n = 61, 12.1%), 'others' (n = 58, 11.5%), injuries (n = 50, 9.9%), heart disease (n = 48, 9.5%) and mental disorders (n = 45, 8.9%). Over 300 IHRs (over 60%) occurred after 20 or more years service. When the IHRs were subdivided into two quinquennia, there were 203 and 302 in each period. Mean length of service during each quinquennium was 19.4 vs. 21.3 years (p = 0.003) and median length was 21 years in both periods; interquartile range was 12-26 years in the first and 17-27 years in the second period (p = 0.002), but when further broken down into diagnostic categories, the differences were not statistically significant, with the exception of means of IHRs attributed to mental disorders (14.5 vs. 19 years, p = 0.03). (+info)
(2/1401) A chiropractic service arrangement for musculoskeletal complaints in industry: a pilot study.
Chiropractic services are commonly used by workers with musculoskeletal problems, especially low back and neck complaints. Research into the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this approach is, however, difficult to design without prior pilot studies. This study followed 32 workers with these complaints attending one such service and used five measures of outcome over a 6-month period. These measured pain (VAS), disability (FLP), quality of life (SF-36), perceived benefit and satisfaction with care. Additionally, sickness costs to the companies were recorded over two years encompassing the study period. Treatment utilization was also monitored. Over half the population were chronic sufferers. The effect sizes were large for pain and for seven out of eight dimensions of the SF-36 questionnaire at 6-month follow-up, although not for disability (FLP). High levels of satisfaction and perceived improvement were reported and sickness costs to the companies fell. However, the sample size in this pilot study was small and did not include controls. We would, therefore, recommend a full cost-effectiveness study incorporating a randomized trial in this area. (+info)
(3/1401) The Sock Test for evaluating activity limitation in patients with musculoskeletal pain.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Assessment within rehabilitation often must reflect patients' perceived functional problems and provide information on whether these problems are caused by impairments of the musculoskeletal system. Such capabilities were examined in a new functional test, the Sock Test, simulating the activity of putting on a sock. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Intertester reliability was examined in 21 patients. Concurrent validity, responsiveness, and predictive validity were examined in a sample of 337 patients and in subgroups of this sample. RESULTS: Intertester reliability was acceptable. Sock Test scores were related to concurrent reports of activity limitation in dressing activities. Scores also reflected questionnaire-derived reports of problems in a broad range of activities of daily living and pain and were responsive to change over time. Increases in age and body mass index increased the likelihood of Sock Test scores indicating activity limitation. Pretest scores were predictive of perceived difficulties in dressing activities after 1 year. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: Sock Test scores reflect perceived activity limitations and restrictions of the musculoskeletal system. (+info)
(4/1401) The Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS): scale development, measurement properties, and clinical application. North American Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Research Network.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability, construct validity, and sensitivity to change of the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The LEFS was administered to 107 patients with lower-extremity musculoskeletal dysfunction referred to 12 outpatient physical therapy clinics. METHODS: The LEFS was administered during the initial assessment, 24 to 48 hours following the initial assessment, and then at weekly intervals for 4 weeks. The SF-36 (acute version) was administered during the initial assessment and at weekly intervals. A type 2,1 intraclass correlation coefficient was used to estimate test-retest reliability. Pearson correlations and one-way analyses of variance were used to examine construct validity. Spearman rank-order correlation coefficients were used to examine the relationship between an independent prognostic rating of change for each patient and change in the LEFS and SF-36 scores. RESULTS: Test-retest reliability of the LEFS scores was excellent (R = .94 [95% lower limit confidence interval (CI) = .89]). Correlations between the LEFS and the SF-36 physical function subscale and physical component score were r=.80 (95% lower limit CI = .73) and r = .64 (95% lower limit CI = .54), respectively. There was a higher correlation between the prognostic rating of change and the LEFS than between the prognostic rating of change and the SF-36 physical function score. The potential error associated with a score on the LEFS at a given point in time is +/-5.3 scale points (90% CI), the minimal detectable change is 9 scale points (90% CI), and the minimal clinically important difference is 9 scale points (90% CI). CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: The LEFS is reliable, and construct validity was supported by comparison with the SF-36. The sensitivity to change of the LEFS was superior to that of the SF-36 in this population. The LEFS is efficient to administer and score and is applicable for research purposes and clinical decision making for individual patients. (+info)
(5/1401) Transitions in employment, morbidity, and disability among persons ages 51-61 with musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal conditions in the US, 1992-1994.
OBJECTIVE: To provide estimates of the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions in a sample of persons ages 51-61 living in the community in the US in 1992, to indicate the incidence of such conditions between 1992 and 1994, and to describe the proportion of individuals with these conditions who developed or recovered from disability and who left and entered employment during this time. METHODS: The estimates were derived from the Health and Retirement Survey, consisting of data on a national probability sample of 8,739 persons, ages 51-61, who were interviewed in the community in 1992 and reinterviewed in 1994. RESULTS: In 1992, 62.4% of persons (14.4 million) between the ages of 51 and 61 years reported at least 1 musculoskeletal condition; the rate increased to 70.5% by 1994. More than 40% of persons with musculoskeletal conditions reported disability, which was almost 90% of all persons with disability in this age group. Persons with musculoskeletal conditions had lower employment rates, were less likely to enter employment, and were more likely to leave employment compared with persons without these conditions. High rates of disability account for much of these differences. CONCLUSION: Musculoskeletal conditions affected more than two-thirds of persons ages 51-61 and accounted for all but 10% of those with disabilities. The prevention of disability among such persons should improve their employment prospects. (+info)
(6/1401) Use of complementary therapies by patients attending musculoskeletal clinics.
Patients with musculoskeletal disorders commonly seek treatment outside orthodox medicine (complementary therapy). In patients attending hospital clinics we investigated the prevalence of such behaviour and the reasons for it. Patients attending rheumatology and orthopaedic clinics who agreed to participate were interviewed on the same day by means of a structured questionnaire in three sections: the first section about demographic characteristics; the second about the nature and duration of the complaint, the length of any treatment and whether the patient was satisfied with conventional treatment; and the third about the use of complementary medicine, the types of therapy that had been considered and the reasoning behind these decisions. The data were examined by univariate and bivariate analysis as well as logistic regression multivariate analysis. 166 patients were interviewed (99% response rate) and the predominant diagnosis was rheumatoid arthritis (22.3%). 109 patients (63%) were satisfied with conventional medical treatment; 63 (38%) had considered the use of complementary therapies, and 47 (28%) had tried such a therapy. 26 of the 47 who had used complementary therapy said they had gained some benefit. Acupuncture, homoeopathy, osteopathy and herbal medicine were the most popular types of treatment to be considered. Patients of female gender (P = 0.009) and patients who had expressed dissatisfaction with current therapies (P = 0.01) were most likely to have considered complementary medicine. These results indicate substantial use of complementary therapy in patients attending musculoskeletal disease clinics. The reasons for dissatisfaction with orthodox treatment deserve further investigation, as does the effectiveness of complementary treatments, which must be demonstrated before they are integrated with orthodox medical practice. (+info)
(7/1401) Risk factors for neck and upper limb disorders: results from 24 years of follow up.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between different potential risk factors, related and not related to work, and disorders of the neck and upper extremities occurring up to 24 years later. METHODS: The study comprised 252 women and 232 men, Swedish citizens, 42-59 years of age and in a broad range of occupations. Information about potential risk factors was available from a former study conducted in 1969. Data on disorders of the neck, shoulder, and hand-wrist disorders were obtained retrospectively for the period 1970-93. RESULTS: Risk factors were found to differ between the sexes. Among women over-time work, high mental workload, and unsatisfactory leisure time were associated with disorders in the neck-shoulder region. Interaction was found between high mental workload and unsatisfactory leisure time. Neck symptoms earlier in life were associated with recurrent disorders. Hand and wrist disorders were associated mainly with physical demands at work. Among men blue collar work and a simultaneous presence of high mental workload and additional domestic workload predicted disorders in the neck-shoulder region. CONCLUSIONS: Factors related and not related to work were associated with disorders of the neck, shoulders, and hands and wrist up to 24 years later in life. These included factors related to working hours which previously have not been noted in this context. Interactions between risk factors both related and not related to work were commonly found. (+info)
(8/1401) Musculoskeletal manifestations in a population-based cohort of patients with giant cell arteritis.
OBJECTIVE: To define musculoskeletal manifestations occurring in a population-based cohort of patients with giant cell (temporal) arteritis (GCA). METHODS: The records of 128 patients with GCA diagnosed over a 42-year-period (1950-1991) in Olmsted County, MN, were reviewed for the presence and type of musculoskeletal manifestations, their relationship to the onset and course of GCA, and their response to treatment. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (41%) developed polymyalgia rheumatica: 23 before, 17 concurrently with, and 13 after the diagnosis of GCA. Thirty patients (23%) developed 1 or more peripheral musculoskeletal manifestations. These included peripheral synovitis in 23 patients (6 of whom fulfilled criteria for rheumatoid arthritis), distal extremity swelling with pitting edema in 13, distal swelling without pitting in 5, tenosynovitis in 6, and carpal tunnel syndrome in 2. Fifty-seven episodes of peripheral manifestations occurred in the 30 patients at different times during the course of GCA. In most, the onset of PMR and peripheral manifestations was within 2 years of the diagnosis of GCA. CONCLUSION: Musculoskeletal symptoms in GCA are common and varied. Most appear linked temporally to the underlying GCA, indicating that the nature of this illness and its clinical expression are broader than often considered. (+info)
patients with rheumatic diseases
- The utilization of CAM among patients with rheumatic diseases in Sweden has never been studied before. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The objectives of this study are to evaluate the humoral response and safety of the vaccine virus A(H1N1)/2009 in immunosuppressed patients with rheumatic diseases compared to healthy controls. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Continuous variables will be compared by t-test to evaluate differences between patients with rheumatic diseases versus healthy controls. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- This is an observational study aiming to study the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) drugs and methods among patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases, at Rheumatology clinics in western Sweden and also to investigate possible associations between CAM using habits and other characteristics of the patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) drugs and methods among patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases in western Sweden. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- To investigate which methods and drugs that are being used and to see if there are connections between using habits and factors like gender, age, rheumatic diagnoses, disease activity, medication and the patients experience of pain, fatigue and general health. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The prognosis of rheumatic diseases has improved considerably with development of therapy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- In rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematodes and polymyalgia rheumatica glucocorticosteroids show a prompt effect in regards of musculoskeletal symptoms. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory rheumatic disease mainly affecting the spine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- To examine the relationships of parental and family pain history on the pain experience of children with chronic rheumatic disease. (aappublications.org)
- The aims of the study were as follows: 1) to describe the pain history of parents and families of children with rheumatic disease, 2) to examine relationships between parental and family pain history and the pain report and physician-rated health status of children with chronic rheumatic disease, and 3) to determine whether child coping mediates the relationship between family pain history and the child's pain and physician-rated health status. (aappublications.org)
- Agricultural work and chronic musculoskeletal pain among Latino farm workers: the MICASA study. (cdc.gov)
- Background: Agriculture poses varied dangers to hired farm workers in the U.S., but little information exists on occupational risks for chronic musculoskeletal pain. (cdc.gov)
- We examined common work positions, such as kneeling, carrying heavy loads, and repetitive motion that may increase the risk for chronic musculoskeletal pain. (cdc.gov)
- Conclusions: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is prevalent among farm workers and is associated with common work positions. (cdc.gov)
- Fibromyalgia is a common chronic condition whose main symptoms are specific tender points on various parts of the body, widespread musculoskeletal discomfort, morning stiffness, fatigue, and disturbed sleep. (winchesterhospital.org)
- There are, however, concerns about possibility of reactivation of autoimmune diseases, determine adverse events and insufficient immunogenicity in these patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Compared to the group taking placebo, those taking SAMe had improvements in disease activity, pain at rest, fatigue, and morning stiffness, and in one measurement of mood. (winchesterhospital.org)
- All patients with rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, SLE, DM, systemic vasculitis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile SLE, and DM were assessed before and 21 days after vaccination for clinical, laboratory parameters of disease activity as well as treatment. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- In contrast to rheumatoid arthritis there is no proof that disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) work. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- A pediatric rheumatologist provided a global assessment of disease severity on a 100-mm visual analog scale as an index of child health status. (aappublications.org)