No data available that match "Models, Psychological"

*  Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being - Wikipedia
The Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being is a theory developed by Carol Ryff which determines six factors which ... Carol Ryff's Model of Psychological Well-being The Six Criteria of Well-Being Diener, Ed (1994). "Assessing subjective well- ... The Six Criteria of Well-Being Tricia A. Seifert, The Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being Ryff's Psychological Well-Being ... Childhood traumatic experiences diminish psychological well-being throughout adult life, and can damage psychological ...
*  Psychological continuum model - Wikipedia
The Psychological Continuum Model: A conceptual framework for understanding an individual's psychological connection to sport. ... The psychological continuum model (PCM) is a framework to organise prior literature from various academic disciplines to ... The psychological connection towards a sport, event, team or leisure hobby strengthens. Internal processes become more ... The overall evaluation of an object at a specific stage is the product of the processing of personal, psychological and ...
*  Rapid prototype models can eliminate psychological stress «
Rapid prototype models can eliminate psychological stress. From medical devices such as stints to custom-made human implants ... 73 Responses to "Rapid prototype models can eliminate psychological stress". « Older Comments ... Rapid prototype models allows for an accurate fabrication of a patient's implant-whether it's for bone replacement or ... After a rapid prototype model is developed, it can be evaluated as to its shape, size and general feel. The level of quality ...
*  Implicit Bias (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
1.3 Psychological Models of Implicit Attitudes. The focus in the psychological literature has been more on measurement than on ... 1.3 Psychological Models of Implicit Attitudes *1.3.1 Single-Process Models: MODE and MCM ... 2.2.1 The Propositional Model of Implicit Attitudes. In the psychological literature, De Houwer and colleagues defend a ... Amodio, D. & K. Ratner, 2011, "A memory systems model of implicit social cognition", Current Directions in Psychological ...
*  Dog training - Wikipedia
Bandura, Albert (1971). Psychological Modelling. New York: Lieber-Antherton.. *^ a b c Miller, Pat (July 2004). "Young Dogs Can ... Model-rival training[edit]. Based on the principles of social learning, model-rival training uses a model, or a rival for ... The model-rival training involved an interaction between the trainer, the dog, and a person acting as a model-rival, that is, a ... This form of learning does not need reinforcement to occur; instead, a model animal is required. While the model may not be ...
*  "The PCL: YV and recidivism in male and female juveniles: a follow-up into young adulthood" by Gina M....
Both models of the PCL:YV were significant predictors for boys; however, contrary to findings from studies using shorter follow ... This article evaluates the differential prediction of the three and four-factor models of the PCL:YV for male (n=201) and ... Logistic Models; Male; Models, Psychological; Multivariate Analysis; Prisoners; *Psychological Tests; Reproducibility of ... Both models of the PCL:YV were significant predictors for boys; however, contrary to findings from studies using shorter follow ...
*  Normalized detector scaling - TradeHarbor, INC.
Memory system for use of modeling psychological functions of the brain. June, 2003. Hoya. ... OPEN-WORLD MODELING. January, 2009. Horvitz et al.. 20090171485. Segmenting a Humming Signal Into Musical Notes. July, 2009. ... The value of 100 is reserved to mean that the test item is identical to, or exactly matches, a reference model. The value of 50 ... The formula must be able to simultaneously model all of the classes of interest to the system. As an example, a pattern- ...
*  Evaluation of a pregnancy prevention programme using the Contraceptive Behavior Change model.
... paper is a report of the findings of a study to examine the effects of application of the Contraceptive Behavior Change model ... Models, Psychological. Pregnancy / statistics & numerical data. Sex Education. Sexual Behavior. United States. ... The proposed model was appropriate for the evaluation and consequently can be considered as an effective tool to use for ... an evaluation of existing programmes using a conceptual model is lacking in the health literature. METHOD: A sample of 198 ...
*  Variance matters: the shape of a datum.
Models, Psychological*. Models, Statistical*. Regression Analysis. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National ... 17362404 - Model averaging using fractional polynomials to estimate a safe level of exposure.. 17282074 - A multi-objective ... 22125474 - Msmbuilder2: modeling conformational dynamics at the picosecond to millisecond scale.. 22214084 - Enhanced nutrient ... They also lead to model comparisons, which assume equal normally distributed error around every data point, being incorrect. We ...
*  Quorum decision-making in foraging fish shoals.
Models, Psychological. Predatory Behavior. Smegmamorpha / physiology*. Comments/Corrections. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database ... Model The two stages of the experiment, to the food patch and away from the food patch, were modelled separately. For the ... Model predictions based on the outcomes of 10,000 runs of the quorum response model are indicated by a solid line in each case. ... We performed model simulations in order to compare the model to the data. For the approach to the food patch all parameters ...
*  Search Results - - 131 Results - Digital Library
... were assessed to construct a model of their psychological functioning. Four measures of psychological functioning (i.e., well- ... Grandparents Raising Grandchildren: A Model of Psychological Functioning Description: A sample of 203 grandparents, 103 of whom ... A Path Analysis of a Job Burnout Model Among Firefighers Description: The purpose of this study was to propose an exploratory ... The purpose of the present study was to test the applicability of the model to an actual school setting. Subjects were 149 ...
*  Patent US6446056 - Interactive artificial intelligence - Google Patents
Memory system for use of modeling psychological functions of the brain. US20040239675 *. 7 Aug 2002. 2 Dec 2004. Regelous ... Idea model device, spontaneous feeling model device, method thereof, and program. US20060184273 *. 9 Mar 2004. 17 Aug 2006. ... Inspirational model device, spontaneous emotion model device, and related methods and programs. ... However, a CMΔC (Cerebellar Model Arithmetic Computer) can also be used. The CMΔC is excellent in terms of additional learning ...
*  Reduced vagal tone in women with the FMR1 premutation is associated with FMR1 mRNA but not depression or anxiety | SpringerLink
Background Autonomic dysfunction is implicated in a range of psychological conditions, including depression and anxiety. The ... The FMR1 premutation as a genetic model for psychological risk. Studying cardiac function within high-risk genetic groups can ... A model of neurovisceral integration in emotion regulation and dysregulation. J Affect Disord. 2000;61:201-16.PubMedCrossRef ... The general linear model testing CGG repeat length as a predictor of RSA did not show a significant effect of CGG repeat size ...
*  Abnormal Psychology
How, specifically, would the behaviorist approach to this child differ from other psychological models?. CASE: A child that you ... What are the two stages that bodily growth and changes have their greatest impact on an individual's psychological, social, and ... Generic, problem specific, and idiosyncratic formulation models are clarified.. Situation, emotion, thought, and behavior are ... Also please explain the various ways these changes impact psychological, social, and emotional development. Please give ...
*  The self psychology of addiction and its treatment : Narcissus in wonderland (eBook, 2006) []
Richard B Ulman; Harry Paul] -- Presents an evolved self-psychological model of addiction, including emphasis on clinical ... A Self-Psychological Model of Addiction --. The Theoretical Origins of a Self-Psychological Model of Addiction --. The First of ... A Self-Psychological Model of Addiction -- The Theoretical Origins of a Self-Psychological Model of Addiction -- The First of ... schema:description "Presents an evolved self-psychological model of addiction, including emphasis on clinical approaches to ...
*  Supporting and Managing Those at Risk of Suicide - Professional course - UWE Bristol
Psychological models. *Social/cultural models. Supporting people experiencing suicidal thoughts. *Suicide risk assessment ...
*  Mindfulness and Acceptance in Behavioral Medicine: Current Theory and Practice by Lance McCracken, Paperback | Barnes & Noble®
The Development of Psychological Models of Chronic Pain. Critique of Cognitive Behavioral Approaches for Chronic Pain. ACT and ... ACT Model and Process. Meta-Analyses of Mindfulness-Based Treatments. Summary. References. Part 2 Applications of Act and ... Reviews of Psychological Treatment of Epilepsy. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Epilepsy. Acceptance and Change. A Short- ... Psychological Sequelae of Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment. Application of Mindfulness in Cancer Patients. Mindfulness-Based ...
*  Environmental and Health Psychology (EHPsy) - Eawag
Selecting and combining components of psychological models:. Well proven behavioral models from environmental, health, and ... This article presents a social psychological model of prospective memory and habit development. The model is based on relevant ... This article presents a sound psychological model, which postulates that for the formation of new habitual behavior, five ... Changing behavior by memory aids: a social psychological model of prospective memory and habit development tested with dynamic ...
*  Wolfgang Koehler facts, information, pictures | articles about Wolfgang Koehler
In this book he sought to model psychological theory on the field theory of Faraday and Maxwell. Using examples from ... Psychological Review 64:61-72.. Rock, Irvin 1962 A Neglected Aspect of the Problem of Recall: The Höffding Function. Pages 645- ... Pages 163-195 in Psychologies of 1925: Powell Lectures in Psychological Theories. 3d ed. Worcester, Mass.: Clark Univ. Press ... Psychological Monographs 74, no. 4.. Gibson, James J. 1933 Adaptation, After-effect and Contrast in the Perception of Curved ...
*  PARC, a Xerox company
PARC is modeling people's behavior in social systems to develop solutions that enhance the usability and value of social ... Detecting human behavior models from multimodal observation in a smart home. IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and ... Pervasive model adaptation: integration of planning and information gathering in dynamic production systems ...
*  PARC, a Xerox company
An ACT-R model of sensemaking in geospatial intelligence tasks. The 22nd Conference on Behavior Representation in Modeling and ... Modeling mass and density distribution effects on the performance of co-extruded electrodes for high energy density Li-ion ... Model-Based Approach for Optimal Maintenance Strategy. Second European Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management ... A Simulation and Modeling based Reliability Requirement Assessment Methodology. 26th International Conference on Design Theory ...
*  The Oxford Handbook of Hoarding and Acquiring - Randy O. Frost; Gail Steketee - Oxford University Press
Psychological Models of Hoarding. Michael Kyrios. 17. The Economics of Hoarding. Brian D. Vickers and Stephanie D. Preston. ... Genetics and Family Models of Hoarding Disorder. Matthew E. Hirschtritt and Carol A. Mathews. 14. The Neurobiology of Hoarding ... Centre for Psychological Services Research University of Sheffield. Sheffield Health and Social Care. NHS Foundation Trust. ... Western Suffolk Psychological Services. Huntington, NY. Alberto Pertusa. Institute of Psychiatry. King's College London. London ...
*  The Effects of Physical and Psychological Stress on the Gastrointestinal Tract: Lessons from Animal Models | BenthamScience
Keywords:Animal models, brain gut axis, IBD, stress. Abstract: Physical and psychological stresses are widely accepted as ... The Effects of Physical and Psychological Stress on the Gastrointestinal Tract: Lessons from Animal Models. Author(s): Javier R ... Title: The Effects of Physical and Psychological Stress on the Gastrointestinal Tract: Lessons from Animal Models ... Physical and psychological stresses are widely accepted as triggers and / or modifiers of the clinical course of diverse ...
*  Forensic Psychology, 2nd Edition | Forensic Psychology | Clinical Psychology | Psychology | Subjects | Wiley
18 Beyond 'Disorder': A Psychological Model of Mental Health and Well-Being 291. Peter Kinderman ... Overlaps and Tensions between Psychiatric and Psychological Knowledge 217. Psychological and Psychiatric Approaches to Mental ... 25 Restorative Justice as a Psychological Treatment: Healing Victims, Reintegrating Offenders 385. Lawrence W. Sherman and ... He is the editor of Psychological Research in Prisons (2006) and co-author of Psychology in Prisons, 2/e (2008).. ...

No data available that match "Models, Psychological"

(1/3957) Vision: modular analysis--or not?

It has commonly been assumed that the many separate areas of the visual system perform modular analyses, each restricted to a single attribute of the image. A recent paper advocates a radically different approach, where all areas in the hierarchy analyse all attributes of the image to extract perceptually relevant decisions.  (+info)

(2/3957) Development of the physical therapy outpatient satisfaction survey (PTOPS).

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purposes of this 3-phase study were (1) to identify the underlying components of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy and (2) to develop a test that would yield reliable and valid measurements of these components. SUBJECTS: Three samples, consisting of 177, 257, and 173 outpatients from 21 facilities, were used in phases 1, 2, and 3, respectively. METHODS AND RESULTS: In phase 1, principal component analyses (PCAs), reliability checks, and correlations with social desirability scales were used to reduce a pool of 98 items to 32 items. These analyses identified a 5-component model of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy. The phase 2 PCA, with a revised pool of 48 items, indicated that 4 components rather than 5 components represented the best model and resulted in the 34-item Physical Therapy Outpatient Satisfaction Survey (PTOPS). Factor analyses conducted with phase 2 and phase 3 data supported this conclusion and provided evidence for the internal validity of the PTOPS scores. The 4-component scales were labeled "Enhancers," "Detractors," "Location," and "Cost." Responses from subsamples of phase 3 subjects provided evidence for validity of scores in that the PTOPS components of "Enhancers," "Detractors," and "Cost" appeared to differentiate overtly satisfied patients from overtly dissatisfied patients. "Location" and "Enhancer" scores discriminated subjects with excellent attendance at scheduled physical therapy sessions from those with poor attendance. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: In this study, we identified components of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy and used them to develop a test that would yield valid and reliable measurements of these components.  (+info)

(3/3957) Hospital restructuring and the changing nature of the physical therapist's role.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify role behavior changes of acute care physical therapists and changes in the organizational and professional context of hospitals following restructuring. METHODS: A Delphi technique, which involved a panel of 100 randomly selected acute care physical therapy managers, was used as the research design for this study. Responses from rounds 1 and 2 were synthesized and organized into exhaustive and mutually exclusive categories for round 3. Data obtained from round 3 were used to develop a comprehensive perspective on the changes that have occurred. RESULTS: Changed role behaviors in patient care and professional interaction, including increased emphasis on evaluation, planning, teaching, supervising, and collaboration, appeared to be extensions of unchanged role behaviors. Reported changes in the structural and professional context of physical therapy services included using critical pathways to guide care, providing services system-wide, and using educational activities and meetings to maintain a sense of community. The importance of professionalism to physical therapists' work was identified and related to specific role behavior changes. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: The changing role of physical therapists in acute care hospitals includes an increased emphasis on higher-level skills in patient care and professional interaction and the continuing importance of professionalism.  (+info)

(4/3957) Increasing confidence in vergence as a cue to distance.

Multiple cues contribute to the visual perception of an object's distance from the observer. The manner in which the nervous system combines these various cues is of considerable interest. Although it is accepted that image cues play a significant role in distance perception, controversy exists regarding the use of kinaesthetic information about the eyes' state of convergence. We used a perturbation technique to explore the contribution of vergence to visually based distance estimates as a function of both fixation distance and the availability of retinal information. Our results show that the nervous system increases the weighting given to vergence as (i) fixation distance becomes closer; and (ii) the available retinal image cues decrease. We also identified the presence of a strong contraction bias when distance cues were studied in isolation, but we argue that such biases do not suggest that vergence provides an ineffectual signal for near-space perception.  (+info)

(5/3957) Combinatorial receptor codes for odors.

The discriminatory capacity of the mammalian olfactory system is such that thousands of volatile chemicals are perceived as having distinct odors. Here we used a combination of calcium imaging and single-cell RT-PCR to identify odorant receptors (ORs) for odorants with related structures but varied odors. We found that one OR recognizes multiple odorants and that one odorant is recognized by multiple ORs, but that different odorants are recognized by different combinations of ORs. Thus, the olfactory system uses a combinatorial receptor coding scheme to encode odor identities. Our studies also indicate that slight alterations in an odorant, or a change in its concentration, can change its "code," potentially explaining how such changes can alter perceived odor quality.  (+info)

(6/3957) Health seeking behaviour and the control of sexually transmitted disease.

What people do when they have symptoms or suspicion of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) has major implications for transmission and, consequently, for disease control. Delays in seeking and obtaining diagnosis and treatment can allow for continued transmission and the greater probability of adverse sequelae. An understanding of health seeking behaviour is therefore important if STD control programmes are to be effective. However, taboos and stigma related to sex and STD in most cultures mean that gaining a true picture is difficult and requires considerable cultural sensitivity. At the moment relatively little is known about who people turn to for advice, or about how symptoms are perceived, recognized or related to decisions to seek help. It is argued that such knowledge would assist programme planners in the development of more accessible and effective services, that studies of health seeking behaviour need to include a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, and that studies should include data collection about people who do not present to health care facilities as well as those who do. A pilot protocol for studying STD-related health seeking behaviour in developing countries is briefly presented.  (+info)

(7/3957) Local instrumental variables and latent variable models for identifying and bounding treatment effects.

This paper examines the relationship between various treatment parameters within a latent variable model when the effects of treatment depend on the recipient's observed and unobserved characteristics. We show how this relationship can be used to identify the treatment parameters when they are identified and to bound the parameters when they are not identified.  (+info)

(8/3957) Is integer arithmetic fundamental to mental processing?: the mind's secret arithmetic.

Unlike the ability to acquire our native language, we struggle to learn multiplication and division. It may then come as a surprise that the mental machinery for performing lightning-fast integer arithmetic calculations could be within us all even though it cannot be readily accessed, nor do we have any idea of its primary function. We are led to this provocative hypothesis by analysing the extraordinary skills of autistic savants. In our view such individuals have privileged access to lower levels of information not normally available through introspection.  (+info)

  • hypothesis
  • Thus, with regard to perception, Köhler analyzed the "constancy hypothesis," an assumption that is implicit in much psychological theorizing but not always recognized (1913). (
  • The comparator hypothesis is a psychological model of associative learning and performance. (
  • First proposed by Ralph Miller' the comparator hypothesis is a model of Pavlovian associations which posits that cue competition effects arise at the time of test, that is during performance, not during learning. (
  •,M1 Stout, S. C. & Milller, R. R. "Sometimes-Competing Retrieval (SOCR): A Formalization of the Comparator Hypothesis" Psychological Review, 2007,114, 759-783. (
  • phenomena
  • Research of this cluster targets at understanding how psychological interventions change opinions, behavioral determinants, and behaviors and how these individual changes affect phenomena on the population level. (
  • Bandura's expanded array of conceptual tools allowed for more potent modeling of such phenomena as observational learning and self-regulation, and provided psychologists with a practical way in which to theorize about mental processes, in opposition to the mentalistic constructs of psychoanalysis and personology. (
  • The model was initially proposed to account for unexplained variations in cue competition effects such as recovery from blocking, but has been expanded to apply more broadly to learning phenomena. (
  • study
  • A study conducted in the early 1990s exploring the relationship between well-being and those aspects of positive functioning that were put forth in Ryff's model indicates that persons who aspired more for financial success relative to affiliation with others or their community scored lower on various measures of well-being. (
  • This article evaluates the differential prediction of the three and four-factor models of the PCL:YV for male (n=201) and female (n=55) juvenile offenders using a prospective four and one-half year follow-up (M=3 years) study. (
  • This study examined cardiac indicators of autonomic function among women with the FMR1 premutation and control women as potential biomarkers for psychological risk that may be linked to FMR1 . (
  • This study models the individual differences in the risk perceptions of these major events. (
  • On the international level, there is the Committee for the Psychological Study of Peace as well as the International Network of Psychologists for Social Responsibility, which links organizations from (among other countries) Germany, Finland, the United States, Australia, Costa Rica, India, and Italy. (
  • factors
  • Six factors are considered key-elements of psychological well-being: Self-acceptance Personal growth Purpose in life Environmental mastery Autonomy Positive relations with others The Ryff Scale of Measurement is a psychometric inventory consisting of two forms (either 54 or 84 items) in which respondents rate statements on a scale of 1 to 6, where1 indicates strong disagreement and 6 indicates strong agreement. (
  • Explaining the how and why of sport and event consumer behaviour, it discusses how personal, psychological and environmental factors influence a wide range of sport consumption activities. (
  • The overall evaluation of an object at a specific stage is the product of the processing of personal, psychological and environmental factors. (
  • The motives stem from a combination of personal, psychological and environmental factors. (
  • data
  • They also lead to model comparisons, which assume equal normally distributed error around every data point, being incorrect. (
  • cultural
  • Conflicts can be intensified specifically through the construction of enemy images, psychological warfare, and propaganda promulgated by the media, political elite, educational systems, socialization, cultural symbols and other means. (
  • Activities
  • The PCM uses a vertical framework to characterise various psychological connections that individuals form with objects to explain the role of attitude formation and change that directs behaviours across a variety of consumption activities. (
  • CASE
  • Psychological well-being can also be affected negatively, as is the case with a degrading and unrewarding work environment, unfulfilling obligations and unsatisfying relationships. (
  • aspects
  • An example statement for this criterion is "I like most aspects of my personality" Positive psychological well-being may emerge from numerous sources. (
  • include
  • When marriages include forgiveness, optimistic expectations, positive thoughts about one's spouse, and kindness, a marriage significantly improves psychological well-being. (
  • Some of the better known dog training procedures include the Koehler method, clicker training, motivational training, electronic training, model-rival training, dominance-based training, and relationship-based training. (
  • benefits
  • Because it's customized to fit the patient, the benefits of utilizing rapid prototype models allow for the surgeon to conduct preoperative planning and practice in advance of the actual surgery. (
  • individuals
  • Individuals that strive for a life defined by affiliation, intimacy, and contributing to one's community can be described as aspiring to fulfil their intrinsic psychological needs. (
  • Output The PCM framework states that, through the processing of internal and external inputs, individuals progress upward along the four psychological connection stages. (
  • They also advocated humane and responsible care for individuals with psychological disturbances. (
  • allow
  • These positive illusions are especially important when an individual receives threatening negative feedback, as the illusions allow for adaptation in these circumstances to protect psychological well-being and self-confidence (Taylor & Brown, 1988). (
  • designers
  • From medical devices such as stints to custom-made human implants used in reconstructive surgery, the use of rapid prototype models is rapidly growing in popularity among designers and engineers, due to new and innovative technology-and the reasons are evident. (