Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Minority Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Suriname: A republic in the north of South America, bordered on the west by GUYANA (British Guiana) and on the east by FRENCH GUIANA. Its capital is Paramaribo. It was formerly called Netherlands Guiana or Dutch Guiana or Surinam. Suriname was first settled by the English in 1651 but was ceded to the Dutch by treaty in 1667. It became an autonomous territory under the Dutch crown in 1954 and gained independence in 1975. The country was named for the Surinam River but the meaning of that name is uncertain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1167 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p526)African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)United StatesContinental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Morocco: A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Asian Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.Caribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)VietnamWest Indies: Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)Cultural Competency: Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Great BritainCultural Characteristics: Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Acculturation: Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.New York CityPrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.TurkeyLondonAttitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Mexican Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.Students, Health Occupations: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.EnglandPoverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.CaliforniaResidence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Cross-Cultural Comparison: Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Communication Barriers: Those factors, such as language or sociocultural relationships, which interfere in the meaningful interpretation and transmission of ideas between individuals or groups.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.NorwayEuropeDiabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Homosexuality, Female: Sexual attraction or relationship between females.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Homophobia: Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities or services based on perceived homosexual preference or orientation.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Bisexuality: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of both the same and the opposite SEX.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.

*  Evaluation of the Preventing AIDS Through Live Movement and Sound (PALMS) Intervention for Minority Adolescents - Full Text...

The evaluation design uses concurrent intervention (N=132) and comparison (N=132) groups. Data will be collected at baseline, ... Evaluation of the Preventing AIDS Through Live Movement and Sound (PALMS) Intervention for Minority Adolescents. This study has ... Evaluation of the Preventing AIDS Through Live Movement and Sound (PALMS) Innovative HIV Prevention Intervention for Minority ... group-level intervention is effective in reducing HIV sex risk behaviors and increasing HIV testing of high-risk, incarcerated ...

*  Minority Groups Articles, Photos, and Videos - Daily Press

Related "Minority Groups" Articles. Middle Peninsula Back to school with no resolution in Gloucester transgender case. Frances ... Minority Groups. Back to school with no resolution in Gloucester transgender case. Gavin Grimm, now a 17-year-old rising senior ...

*  Minority group - Wikipedia

Union of Minority Shareholders ECMI - European Centre for Minority Issues What is a Minority Group? definitions from Dayton Law ... Stateless and national minorities portal State of the World's Minorities, an annual report by Minority Rights Group ... List of active NGOs of national minorities List of minority political parties Middleman minority Minority influence Minority ( ... philosophy) Minority religion Minority Rights Group International Model minority Serge Moscovici Social exclusion Social ...

*  Are Married Couples Becoming a Minority Group

... married parents could soon be in a minority, as there is a 65 per cent increase in couples who cohabit but are not married. ...

*  The Vagina Monologues Still Excludes Significant Minority Group

... Eugene Volokh points to a story about an inadequately diverse ... n\nProfessor Volokh neglected to advocate the inclusion of the largest minority group in America: men. ... Professor Volokh neglected to advocate the inclusion of the largest minority group in America: men. ...

*  Women as a Minority Group - Helen Mayer Hacker

Although the term "minority group" is inapplicable toboth types, the term "minority group status" may be substituted. Thisterm ... "minority group," the presence ofdiscrimination is the identifying factor. As Louis Wirth1has pointed out, "minority group" is ... "minority group" is applicableto women. That there has been little serious consideration of womenas a minority group among ... the subjective attributes of a minority group member arelacking. They feel no minority group consciousness, harbor noresentment ...

*  Children from ethic minority groups 'more likely to be marked down by their teachers' - journalisted.com

Children from ethic minority groups are more likely to be marked down by their teachers in tests and exams, Education Secretary ... Children from ethic minority groups 'more likely to be marked down by their teachers'. ...

*  Ethnic minority groups 'may still face recruitment discrimination'

... Although there has been a rise in the representation of ... Class Actions and Group Litigation Back Class Actions and Group Litigation. * Financial Mis-Selling ... ethnic minority groups in higher education, such people still face hurdles when trying to enter the workforce, it has been ... According to Dr Rob Berkeley, director of the Runnymede Trust, employers may still discriminate against black and minority ...

*  A Comparative Perspective on Minority Groups, Crime, and Criminal Justice » Brill Online

Home , Journals , European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Crimi... , A Comparative Perspective on Minority Groups, Cri... ... A Comparative Perspective on Minority Groups, Crime, and Criminal Justice. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal ... A Comparative Perspective on Minority Groups, Crime, and Criminal Justice, Page 1 of 1 ...

*  Moluccans - Minority Rights Group

Are you passionate about protecting the rights of minority and indigenous people worldwide? Check the Minority Rights Group ... Minority Voices Newsroom The Minority Voices Newsroom is an online multimedia library that allows members of minority and ... Sign up to Minority rights Group International's newsletter to stay up to date with the latest news and publications. ... The government's improved education and employment programmes were applied to other minorities. ...

*  Events Archives - Minority Rights Group

Are you passionate about protecting the rights of minority and indigenous people worldwide? Check the Minority Rights Group ... Minority Voices Newsroom The Minority Voices Newsroom is an online multimedia library that allows members of minority and ... Sign up to Minority rights Group International's newsletter to stay up to date with the latest news and publications. ... When: 8pm (doors open at 7,30pm), Tuesday 5 April Where: Sala Azcona, Cineteca Madrid (Matadero). Minority Rights Group ...

*  Persecution of minority Muslim groups - Wikipedia

The Arzal group was recorded in the 1901 census in India and its members are also called Dalit Muslims "with whom no other ... The Alawites are a secretive group that believe in the divine nature of Ali, the cousin of Muhammad. They have been persecuted ... At various times many Shi'a groups have faced persecution. All of the Twelve Imams of Shia Islam have been martyred and their ... Certain small groups - the Kharijites of early medieval times, and Takfir wal Hijra- follow takfirist doctrines, regarding ...

*  Mauritania: Gender equality for Haratines - Minority Rights Group

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*  Minority Rights Group International - Wikipedia

Official website Minority Voices Newsroom Minority Rights Group Facebook Minority Rights Group Twitter Minorities in Focus Blog ... Genocide portal Genocide Global Human Rights Defence Minority group Minority rights List of human rights organizations Founding ... Minority Rights Group International (MRG) is an international human rights organisation founded with the objective of working ... The Minority Voices Newsroom was developed by MRG as part of a 3-year development and training project. The Minority Voices ...

*  Minorities Research Group - Wikipedia

The group published the Minorities Research Group Newsletter, and went on to publish its own lesbian magazine called Arena ... The Minorities Research Group (MRG) (est. 1963) was the first organisation to openly advocate the interests of lesbians in the ... The Minorities Research group had an active relationship with the American equivalent of the time period, Daughters of Bilitis ... The Minorities Research Group was responsible for producing the monthly journal Arena Three, which was Britain's first Lesbian ...

*  RJR TRIES NEW MENTHOL TO WIDEN CAMEL MARKET: LINE EXTENSION LIKELY TO HAVE APPEAL AMONG WOMEN AND MINORITY GROUPS | News - AdAge

RJR TRIES NEW MENTHOL TO WIDEN CAMEL MARKET: LINE EXTENSION LIKELY TO HAVE APPEAL AMONG WOMEN AND MINORITY GROUPS. ... Black, while Camel appeals to entry-level smokers, a group he defined as ages 18 to 24. Advertising for Camel Menthol, handled ... Although RJR wouldn't say so, the new product is almost certainly aimed at drawing women and minorities-the primary menthol ...

*  Law and legal cases Archive - Page 34 of 35 - Minority Rights Group

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*  The Blue Pelican: Do Medical School Acceptance Rates Reflect Preferences for Preferred Minority Groups?

1. For those students applying to medical school with average GPAs (3.40 to 3.59) and average MCAT scores (27-29), black applicants were almost three times more likely to be admitted than their Asian counterparts (85.9% vs. 30%), and 2.4 times more likely than their white counterparts (85.9% vs. 35.9%). Likewise, Hispanic students with average GPAs and average MCAT scores were about twice as likely to be accepted as white applicants (68.7% vs. 35.9%), and more than twice as likely as Asian applicants (68.7% vs. 30%). 2. For students applying to medical school with slightly below average GPAs of 3.20-3.39 and slightly below average MCAT scores of 24-26 (first column in the table), black applicants were more than 8 times as likely to be admitted as Asians (67.3% vs. 7.7%), and more than 5 times as likely as whites. ...

*  Negotiating the State-making in Vietnam borderland - Case study of an ethnic minority group in Central Vietnam

We concluded that local ethnic minority peoples actively re-negotiate with more powerful State and economic actors and re-shape ... At the receiving end of these official policies, the local ethnic minority people do not passively accept their marginalisation ... local ethnic minority peoples by excluding them from indigenous social and economic geography and the use of natural resources ... Negotiating the State-making in Vietnam borderland - Case study of an ethnic minority group in Central Vietnam. Négocier la ...

*  Outline and account for the disadvantages experienced by minority ethnic groups in British society. - A-Level Sociology -...

It is also important to examine how ethnic minority groups are disadvantaged from access to other social rights - such as the ... Outline and account for the disadvantages experienced by minority ethnic groups in British society. Society is made up of a ... Outline and account for the disadvantages experienced by minority ethnic groups in British society.. ... I, therefore, intend to discuss the difficulties faced by ethnic minority groups in Britain. ...

*  Prevalence of non-communicable diseases and access to health care and medications among Yazidis and other minority groups...

Prevalence of non-communicable diseases and access to health care and medications among Yazidis and other minority groups ... Prevalence of non-communicable diseases and access to health care and medications among Yazidis and other minority groups ... Prevalence of non-communicable diseases and access to health care and medications among Yazidis and other minority groups ... the prevalence of NCDs and better understand issues related to accessing care among Yazidis and other minority groups displaced ...

*  Ob/Gyn Group Urges Routine HIV Tests for... ( Minorities are at higher risk; doctor...)

1 (HealthDay News) -- Minority women are at higher risk f...That's the new recommendation released Thursday by the American ... Colleg... Rates of infection among African Americans -- and also among Hispanic...,Ob/Gyn,Group,Urges,Routine,HIV,Tests,for,All ... Minorities are at higher risk; doctors urged to expand education effor...FRIDAY Aug. ... Ob/Gyn Group Urges Routine HIV Tests for All Women. ...Minorities are at higher risk; doctors urged to expand education effor ...

*  Chrysler Group Named Minority Supplier Company of the Year for 2014 | The News Wheel

... recently named Chrysler Group the minority supplier Company of the Year for 2014. This award signifies Chrysler Group's ... continued effort to reach out to minority-owned suppliers and extend opportunities to them to expand their businesses. ... The National Minority Supplier Development Council (NMSDC) recently named Chrysler Group the minority supplier Company of the ... Chrysler Group Named Minority Supplier Company of the Year for 2014. Decrease Font Size Increase Font Size Text Size Print This ...

*  Colombia ACIP Participants Showcase Traditional Songs at International Theater Festival : ACDI/VOCA

Project Preserves Cultural Heritage of Minority Groups. In March, Afro-Colombian singers from the northwestern Chocó region ... ACIP works with local groups to preserve the cultural heritage of Afro-Colombians in Chocó and Cali as well as that of the ...

*  Philippine Folk Literature: The Folktales - Google Books

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Ethnic groups in the United Kingdom: People from various ethnic groups reside in the United Kingdom. Migration from Northern Europe has been happening for millennia, with other groups such as British Jews also well established.Transport in Suriname: The Republic of Suriname () has a number of forms of transport.African-American family structure: The family structure of African-Americans has long been a matter of national public policy interest.Moynihan's War on Poverty report A 1965 report by Daniel Patrick Moynihan, known as The Moynihan Report, examined the link between black poverty and family structure.Pride and Prejudice and Zombies: Dawn of the Dreadfuls: Pride and Prejudice and Zombies: Dawn of the Dreadfuls (2010) is a parody novel by Steve Hockensmith. It is a prequel to Seth Grahame-Smith's 2009 novel Pride and Prejudice and Zombies, focusing on "the early life and training of Elizabeth Bennet, heroine of the earlier Pride and Prejudice and Zombies as she strove to become a gifted zombie hunter, with some mishaps in her early romantic encounters also included.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,University of Hassan II CasablancaCaribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act of 1983Miss Asia Pacific 2005Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City: The Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City is a Vietnamese national institute initially created by the French in 1891 under the name Pasteur Institute - Sai Gon, in 1975 renamed the Institute of Epidemiology, and in 1991 given the current name.Postage stamps and postal history of the Danish West Indies: [Danish West Indies 1866 3c.jpg|thumb|120px|right|3 cent stamp, 1866]Business Model of Intercultural Analysis: The Business Model of Intercultural Analysis (BMIA) is a tool developed to address cross-cultural problems. The BMIA framework uses six comprehension lenses to analyze cross-cultural interaction in the business environment.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory: Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory is a framework for cross-cultural communication, developed by Geert Hofstede. It describes the effects of a society's culture on the values of its members, and how these values relate to behavior, using a structure derived from factor analysis.Q Services Corps (South Africa): The establishment of the 'Q' Services Corps as part of the South African Permanent Force was promulgated in the Government Gazette dated 10 November 1939.Typed copy of Proclamation 276 of 1939Inequality within immigrant families in the United States: Inequality within immigrant families refers to instances in which members of the same family have differing access to resources. Much literature focuses on inequality between families, but inequality often exists within families as well.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.List of bus routes in Brooklyn: The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) operates a number of bus routes in Brooklyn, New York, United States; one minor route is privately operated under a city franchise. Many of them are the direct descendants of streetcar lines (see list of streetcar lines in Brooklyn); the ones that started out as bus routes were almost all operated by the Brooklyn Bus Corporation, a subsidiary of the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation, until the New York City Board of Transportation took over on June 5, 1940.List of countries that regulate the immigration of felons: This is a list of countries that regulate the immigration of felons.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California: The Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California is a federally recognized tribe of Eastern Pomo people in Lake County, California.California Indians and Their Reservations.Kocaeli University: The University of Kocaeli (KOU) is a state university in Kocaeli, Turkey. It was founded as the Academy of Engineering and Architecture of Kocaeli in 1976.Royal London Hospital for Integrated MedicineNetherlands national rollball team: Vishwaraj JadejaQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Professional student: The term Professional student has two uses in the university setting:Red Moss, Greater Manchester: Red Moss is a wetland mossland in Greater Manchester, located south of Horwich and east of Blackrod. (Grid Reference ).Poverty trap: A poverty trap is "any self-reinforcing mechanism which causes poverty to persist."Costas Azariadis and John Stachurski, "Poverty Traps," Handbook of Economic Growth, 2005, 326.San Diego County, California Probation: The San Diego County Probation Department is the body in San Diego County, California responsible for supervising convicted offenders in the community, either who are on probation, such as at the conclusion of their sentences, or while on community supervision orders.Neighbourhood: A neighbourhood (Commonwealth English), or neighborhood (American English), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area. Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members.Relative index of inequality: The relative index of inequality (RII) is a regression-based index which summarizes the magnitude of socio-economic status (SES) as a source of inequalities in health. RII is useful because it takes into account the size of the population and the relative disadvantage experienced by different groups.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Cancer screeningList of medical schools in the United KingdomForeign branding: Foreign branding is an advertising and marketing term describing the implied cachet or superiority of products and services with foreign or foreign-sounding names.Substance-related disorderComprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Mental disorderGlobal Health Delivery ProjectAge adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Hospital of Southern Norway: [[Sørlandet Hospital Arendal, seen from the north.|thumb|200px]]GA²LENPermanent neonatal diabetes mellitus: A newly identified and potentially treatable form of monogenic diabetes is the neonatal diabetes caused by activating mutations of the KCNJ11 gene, which codes for the Kir6.2 subunit of the beta cell KATP channel.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Outline of diabetes: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to diabetes:Proportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.Standard evaluation frameworkClassification of obesity: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health.WHO 2000 p.Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Rating scales for depression: A depression rating scale is a psychiatric measuring instrument having descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression for a time period. When used, an observer may make judgements and rate a person at a specified scale level with respect to identified characteristics.Tend and befriend: Tend-and-befriend is a behavior exhibited by some animals, including humans, in response to threat. It refers to protection of offspring (tending) and seeking out the social group for mutual defense (befriending).

(1/1465) Selecting subjects for participation in clinical research: one sphere of justice.

Recent guidelines from the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) mandate the inclusion of adequate numbers of women in clinical trials. Ought such standards to apply internationally? Walzer's theory of justice is brought to bear on the problem, the first use of the theory in research ethics, and it argues for broad application of the principle of adequate representation. A number of practical conclusions for research ethics committees (RECs) are outlined. Eligibility criteria in clinical trials ought to be justified by trial designers. Research ethics committees ought to question criteria that seem to exclude unnecessarily women from research participation. The issue of adequate representation should be construed broadly, so as to include consideration of the representation of the elderly, persons with HIV, mental illness and substance abuse disorders in clinical research.  (+info)

(2/1465) Recruiting minority cancer patients into cancer clinical trials: a pilot project involving the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group and the National Medical Association.

PURPOSE: Minority accrual onto clinical trials is of significant interest to cooperative oncology study groups. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) conducted a study to identify barriers and solutions to African American accrual onto clinical trials. METHODS: We hypothesize that the National Medical Association (NMA) might provide insight into ways to increase minority participation and that ECOG might facilitate that participation. Four sites were selected in which NMA chapters existed and ECOG main institutions with less than half of the corresponding percentage of minorities in their communities entered trials for 1992. Fifteen workshops were conducted using discussions and open-ended, self-administered questionnaires. RESULTS: Seventy percent of NMA physicians cited mistrust of the research centers, fear of losing patients, and a lack of respect from ECOG institutions as the most important barriers to minority cancer patient referrals, compared with 30% for ECOG physicians. Sixty-nine percent of NMA and 43% of ECOG physicians cited a lack of information about specific trials. Nearly half of NMA physicians (47%) cited a lack of minority investigators as a barrier, compared with 4% of ECOG physicians. Solutions by both groups were improved communication (73%) and culturally relevant educational materials (40%). ECOG physicians cited more minority outreach staff as a potential solution (22% v 6%). NMA physicians cited increased involvement of referring physicians (44% v4%). CONCLUSION: NMA physicians who serve a significant sector of the African American population demonstrated a willingness to participate and work with a cooperative group effort to increase participation of minority patients and investigators.  (+info)

(3/1465) Marijuana use among minority youths living in public housing developments.

Youths residing in public housing developments appear to be at markedly heightened risk for drug use because of their constant exposure to violence, poverty, and drug-related activity. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model of marijuana etiology with adolescents (N = 624) residing in public housing. African-American and Hispanic seventh graders completed questionnaires about their marijuana use, social influences to smoke marijuana, and sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics. Results indicated that social influences, such as friends' marijuana use and perceived ease of availability of marijuana, significantly predicted both occasional and future use of marijuana. Individual characteristics such as antimarijuana attitudes and drug refusal skills also predicted marijuana use. The findings imply that effective prevention approaches that target urban youths residing in public housing developments should provide them with an awareness of social influences to use marijuana, correct misperceptions about the prevalence of marijuana smoking, and train adolescents in relevant psychosocial skills.  (+info)

(4/1465) Library residencies and internships as indicators of success: evidence from three programs.

This paper discusses post-master's degree internships in three very different organizations; the University of Illinois at Chicago, the National Library of Medicine, and the Library of Congress. It discusses the internships using several questions. Do the programs serve as a recruitment strategy? Do the programs develop key competencies needed by the participant or organization? Do the programs develop leaders and managers? Is acceptance into a program an indicator of future career success? A survey was mailed to 520 persons who had completed internships in one of the three programs. There was a 49.8% response rate. Responses to fifty-four questions were tabulated and analyzed for each program and for the total group. The results confirm the value of internships to the career of participants.  (+info)

(5/1465) Contraceptive failure rates: new estimates from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth.

CONTEXT: Unintended pregnancy remains a major public health concern in the United States. Information on pregnancy rates among contraceptive users is needed to guide medical professionals' recommendations and individuals' choices of contraceptive methods. METHODS: Data were taken from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) and the 1994-1995 Abortion Patient Survey (APS). Hazards models were used to estimate method-specific contraceptive failure rates during the first six months and during the first year of contraceptive use for all U.S. women. In addition, rates were corrected to take into account the underreporting of induced abortion in the NSFG. Corrected 12-month failure rates were also estimated for subgroups of women by age, union status, poverty level, race or ethnicity, and religion. RESULTS: When contraceptive methods are ranked by effectiveness over the first 12 months of use (corrected for abortion underreporting), the implant and injectables have the lowest failure rates (2-3%), followed by the pill (8%), the diaphragm and the cervical cap (12%), the male condom (14%), periodic abstinence (21%), withdrawal (24%) and spermicides (26%). In general, failure rates are highest among cohabiting and other unmarried women, among those with an annual family income below 200% of the federal poverty level, among black and Hispanic women, among adolescents and among women in their 20s. For example, adolescent women who are not married but are cohabiting experience a failure rate of about 31% in the first year of contraceptive use, while the 12-month failure rate among married women aged 30 and older is only 7%. Black women have a contraceptive failure rate of about 19%, and this rate does not vary by family income; in contrast, overall 12-month rates are lower among Hispanic women (15%) and white women (10%), but vary by income, with poorer women having substantially greater failure rates than more affluent women. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of contraceptive failure vary widely by method, as well as by personal and background characteristics. Income's strong influence on contraceptive failure suggests that access barriers and the general disadvantage associated with poverty seriously impede effective contraceptive practice in the United States.  (+info)

(6/1465) Contraceptive failure, method-related discontinuation and resumption of use: results from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth.

CONTEXT: Half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Of these, half occur to women who were practicing contraception in the month they conceived, and others occur when couples stop use because they find their method difficult or inconvenient to use. METHODS: Data from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth were used to compute life-table probabilities of contraceptive failure for reversible methods of contraception, discontinuation of use for a method-related reason and resumption of contraceptive use. RESULTS: Within one year of starting to use a reversible method of contraception, 9% of women experience a contraceptive failure--7% of those using the pill, 9% of those relying on the male condom and 19% of those practicing withdrawal. During a lifetime of use of reversible methods, the typical woman will experience 1.8 contraceptive failures. Overall, 31% of women discontinue use of a reversible contraceptive for a method-related reason within six months of starting use, and 44% do so within 12 months; however, 68% resume use of a method within one month and 76% do so within three months. Multivariate analyses show that the risk of contraceptive failure is elevated among low-income women and Hispanic women. Low-income women are also less likely than other women to resume contraceptive use after discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS: The risks of pregnancy during typical use of reversible methods of contraception are considerably higher than risks of failure during clinical trials, reflecting imperfect use of these methods rather than lack of inherent efficacy. High rates of method-related discontinuation probably reflect dissatisfaction with available methods.  (+info)

(7/1465) Risk for metabolic control problems in minority youth with diabetes.

OBJECTIVE: We examined and quantified the degree of risk for poor glycemic control and hospitalizations for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) among black, Hispanic, and white children and adolescents with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined ethnic differences in metabolic control among 68 black, 145 Hispanic, and 44 white children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (mean age 12.9 [range 1-21] years), who were primarily of low socioeconomic status. Clinical and demographic data were obtained by medical chart review. Glycohemoglobins were standardized and compared across ethnic groups. Odds ratios among the ethnic groups for poor glycemic control and hospitalizations for DKA were also calculated. RESULTS: The ethnic groups were not different with respect to age, BMI, insulin dose, or hospitalizations for DKA, but black children were older at the time of diagnosis than Hispanics (P < 0.05) and were less likely to have private health insurance than white and Hispanic children (P < 0.001). Black youths had higher glycohemoglobin levels than white and Hispanic youths (P < 0.001 after controlling for age at diagnosis). Black youths were also at greatest risk for poor glycemic control (OR = 3.9, relative to whites; OR = 2.5, relative to Hispanics). CONCLUSIONS: These results underscore and quantify the increased risk for glycemic control problems of lower-income, black children with diabetes. In the absence of effective intervention, these youths are likely to be overrepresented in the health care system as a result of increased health complications related to diabetes.  (+info)

(8/1465) Racial bias in federal nutrition policy, Part II: Weak guidelines take a disproportionate toll.

Many diet-related chronic diseases take a disproportionate toll among members of racial minorities. Research shows the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and heart disease is higher among various ethnic groups compared with whites. The Guidelines and the Food Guide Pyramid, however, promote the use of multiple servings of meats and dairy products each day and do not encourage replacing these foods with vegetables, legumes, fruits, and grains. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans encourage a 30% caloric reduction in fat intake and make no provision for further reductions for those who wish to minimize health risks. Abundant evidence has shown that regular exercise combined with diets lower in fat and richer in plant products than is encouraged by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans are associated with reduced risk of these chronic conditions. While ineffective Dietary Guidelines potentially put all Americans at unnecessary risk, this is particularly true for those groups hardest hit by chronic disease.  (+info)



linguistic

  • Every large society contains ethnic minorities and linguistic minorities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Minority Rights Group International (MRG) is an international human rights organisation founded with the objective of working to secure rights for ethnic, national, religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples around the world. (wikipedia.org)

Louis Wirth

  • As Louis Wirth 1 has pointed out, "minority group" is not a statistical concept, norneed it denote an alien group. (pfeiffer.edu)

Voices Newsroom

  • The Minority Voices Newsroom is an online multimedia library that allows members of minority and indigenous communities to upload, download and share their stories. (minorityrights.org)
  • The Minority Voices Newsroom was developed by MRG as part of a 3-year development and training project. (wikipedia.org)

MRG's

  • MRG's publications are aimed to be used as campaigning documents that expose the current situation minorities and indigenous peoples live in, give historical context and offer strong recommendations for change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the years, MRG's strategic litigation programme has become one of the global leading human rights litigation programmes on minority and indigenous issues, covering many thematic areas such as descent-based slavery (in West Africa), access to and enjoyment of ancestral land (across East and Central Africa) and political disenfranchisement and discrimination in accessing public services (in Eastern Europe and Southern Africa). (minorityrights.org)

indigenous communities

  • The Minority Voices programme aims to increase the inclusion of minority and indigenous peoples' perspectives in the EU media, particularly in coverage of development issues relating to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to increase awareness among development policy-makers of the specific needs of minority and indigenous communities in meeting the MDGs. (wikipedia.org)
  • It also serves as a platform for activists and individuals from within minority and indigenous communities to engage with EU-based media. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Programme aims to combat violations of the rights of minority and indigenous communities throughout the world by holding governments directly to account for those violations before regional and international human rights tribunals. (minorityrights.org)

behavioral

  • In any case, minority group status is categorical in nature: an individual who exhibits the physical or behavioral characteristics of a given minority group will be accorded the status of that group and be subject to the same treatment as other members of that group. (wikipedia.org)
  • A combination of testing, education, and brief behavioral interventions can help reduce HIV infection rates among minority women, according to the ACOG committee. (bio-medicine.org)

programmes

  • The government's improved education and employment programmes were applied to other minorities. (minorityrights.org)

racism

  • Incidents of police brutality in Austria seem to be largely influenced and triggered by racism and prejudice against foreign nationals and ethnic minorities within the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States invaded Europe to fight against Hitler's Nazi regime and its idea that there is an Aryan master or superior race, while perpetuating racism at home, some minorities believed. (wikipedia.org)

behalf

  • It lobbies governments and the United Nations alongside and behalf of minorities. (wikipedia.org)
  • September 2012, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples visited the Himba, and heard their concerns that they do not have recognized traditional authorities, and that they are placed under the jurisdictions of chiefs of neighboring dominant tribes, who make decisions on behalf of the minority communities. (wikipedia.org)

amongst

  • It aims to provide a source for journalists to identify stories and media contacts amongst minority and indigenous activists regarding minority and indigenous issues and the MDGs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Arena Three publication and the benefits of MRG membership were regularly promoted inside amongst its clientele and group meetings were sometimes held there. (wikipedia.org)
  • These unprecedented results have led the Programme to carry on gaining in reputation considerably amongst indigenous and minority communities. (minorityrights.org)

preserve

  • ACIP works with local groups to preserve the cultural heritage of Afro-Colombians in Chocó and Cali as well as that of the Wayuu indigenous people in Guajira . (acdivoca.org)

ethnicity

  • In communal constituencies, electors enrolled as ethnic Fijians, Indo-Fijians, Rotuman Islanders, or General electors (Europeans, Chinese, Banaba Islanders, and others) vote for a candidate of their own respective ethnic groups, in constituencies that have been reserved by ethnicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • majority minority group ethnicity. (wikipedia.org)

subjective

  • A person who on the basis of his group affiliation isdenied full participation in those opportunities which the valuesystem of his culture extends to all members of the society satisfiesthe objective criterion, but there are various circumstances whichmay prevent him from fulfilling the subjective criterion. (pfeiffer.edu)
  • and (2) thosewho acknowledge the propriety of differential treatment on a groupbasis, the subjective attributes of a minority group member arelacking. (pfeiffer.edu)

includes both objective

  • It is apparentthat this definition includes both objective and subjectivecharacteristics of a minority group: the fact of discrimination andthe awareness of discrimination, with attendant reactions to thatawareness. (pfeiffer.edu)

participation

  • She authored the Mason Miller Report, an evaluation of minorities and higher education, which became the model for analyzing participation of minorities in colleges and universities throughout Michigan, leading to a state bi-lingual education law. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1976, Vorhauer authored the Mason Miller Report, an evaluation of minorities and higher education, which became the model for analyzing participation of minorities in colleges and universities throughout Michigan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The participation of ethnic minorities in the US armed forces during World War II highlighted an inconsistency in American ideology at the time. (wikipedia.org)

collective

  • The term "minority group" often occurs alongside a discourse of civil rights and collective rights which gained prominence in the 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feagin (1984) states that a minority group has five characteristics: (1) suffering discrimination and subordination, (2) physical and/or cultural traits that set them apart, and which are disapproved by the dominant group, (3) a shared sense of collective identity and common burdens, (4) socially shared rules about who belongs and who does not determine minority status, and (5) tendency to marry within the group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indeed for the present discussion Ihave adopted his definition: "A minority group is any group of peoplewho because of their physical or cultural characteristics, aresingled out from the others in the society in which they live fordifferential and unequal treatment, and who therefore regardthemselves as objects of collective discrimination. (pfeiffer.edu)

inclusion

  • Professor Volokh neglected to advocate the inclusion of the largest minority group in America: men. (mwilliams.info)
  • In 1925, Edward Sapir wrote an article based on scant evidence arguing for the inclusion of Subtiaba in his hypothesized Hokan languages group. (wikipedia.org)

Regions

  • Kunene is one of the fourteen regions of Namibia and home to the Himba ethnic group. (wikipedia.org)

racial

  • Although sociological literature reveals scattered references towomen as a minority group, comparable in certain resepcts to racial,ethnic, and national minorities, no systematic investigation has beenundertaken as to what extent the term "minority group" is applicableto women. (pfeiffer.edu)

women

  • This eventually led to long-term social divisions within the group where Butch women became excluded. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arena Three was largely written by the same group of women and was often accused of being too middle class. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although RJR wouldn't say so, the new product is almost certainly aimed at drawing women and minorities-the primary menthol smokers-to the Camel franchise. (adage.com)
  • FRIDAY Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Minority women are at higher risk f. (bio-medicine.org)
  • FRIDAY, Aug. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Minority women are at higher risk for HIV/AIDS, and doctors need to make a special effort to encourage them to be tested for HIV. (bio-medicine.org)
  • She founded Mujeres Unidas de Michigan as an advocacy group for Spanish-speaking women and as a result of their activism the group sent six delegates to the 1977 National Women's Conference, which was a part of the UN International Women's Year programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1975, after attending a statewide conference for Latina women, Vorhauer founded Mujeres Unidas de Michigan (MUM) (United Women of Michigan) as an advocacy group to support women, and was elected its chair in 1978. (wikipedia.org)

among

  • Academics refer to power differences among groups rather than differences in population size among groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically excluded groups (HEGs) is a term that points out the differences among different groups based on the degree of experiencing oppression and domination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, Salem tends to be strong among older smokers in the Southeast, said Mr. Black, while Camel appeals to entry-level smokers, a group he defined as ages 18 to 24. (adage.com)
  • This study aimed to characterise the prevalence of NCDs and better understand issues related to accessing care among Yazidis and other minority groups displaced by ISIS and currently residing in camps in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. (duhnnae.com)
  • In addition, ethnic minority groups practise distinctive religions, including Tibetan Buddhism, and Islam among the Hui and Uyghur peoples. (wikipedia.org)

tendency

  • We argue that State territorialisation, understood as a strategy of State-making and assertion of the State's authority, has the tendency to marginalise, socially and politically, local ethnic minority peoples by excluding them from indigenous social and economic geography and the use of natural resources. (openedition.org)

communal

  • United Peoples Party leader Mick Beddoes expressed concern that electoral officials were encouraging members of minority communities to register on the Fijian communal roll, and were failing to provide them with the necessary forms to enroll as General Electors. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his view, the lack of recognition of traditional chiefs is, in accordance with Namibian law, relates to a lack of recognition of the minority indigenous tribes' communal lands. (wikipedia.org)

relatively

  • In addition, there is a perception that victims of police brutality often belonging to relatively powerless groups, such as minorities, the disabled, the young, and the poor. (wikipedia.org)

Nicaraguans

  • Nicaraguan demographics reflected a different composition prior to the Sandinista revolution of 1979 since most of the migration during the years that followed were primarily of upper or middle class Nicaraguans, a group primarily made up of whites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many ethnic groups in Nicaragua, such as the Chinese Nicaraguans and Palestinian Nicaraguans, have maintained their ancestral languages while also speaking Spanish and/or English. (wikipedia.org)

ethnic group

  • An ethnic majority refers to a condition in which a particular ethnic group comprises the majority of a particular population. (wikipedia.org)

consideration

  • The discrimination may be directly based on an individual's perceived membership of a minority group, without consideration of that individual's personal achievement. (wikipedia.org)

communities

  • In addition to the "traditional" (longtime resident) minorities they may be migrant, indigenous or landless nomadic communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • MRG publishes reports used by activists worldwide to educate their communities, highlight issues in the media and put pressure on governments to create better conditions for minorities and indigenous peoples. (wikipedia.org)
  • MRG also produces a regularly updated online resource, the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, which provides profiles of minority communities in every country of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • It also publishes an annual report, the State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, and an annual index, Peoples Under Threat, which ranks countries according to the degree of physical danger facing communities. (wikipedia.org)

statistical

  • Usage of the term is applied to various situations and civilizations within history despite its popular misassociation with a numerical, statistical minority (Barzilai, 2010). (wikipedia.org)

refers

  • A minority group refers to a category of people differentiated from the social majority, those who hold the majority of positions of social power in a society, and it may be defined by law. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rather than a relational "social group", as the term would indicate, "minority group" refers to the above-described. (wikipedia.org)

international

  • There is no legal definition of national (ethnic) minorities in international law. (wikipedia.org)
  • The overall purpose of the Programme is to improve the capacity of minorities and indigenous peoples to effectively access the legal protection afforded by international instruments on human rights and the international courts and quasi-judicial bodies that enforce them. (minorityrights.org)

social

  • In the social sciences, the term "minority" is sometimes used to describe social power relations between dominant and subordinate groups, rather than simply indicating demographic variation within a population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, from an intersectional sociological perspective, any given individual may simultaneously occupy both a majority identity and a minority identity, depending on the intersection of different social categories (e.g. around age, religion, gender, and so on). (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the MRG members wanted to steer away from research to improve the social aspects of the group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mountainous areas, which account for nearly three quarters of the country surface, is home to different ethnic minorities whose livelihood and social organisation are different from those of Kinh people. (openedition.org)
  • As a result, ethnic minorities do not usually benefit directly from official development policies that are supposed to create a social and economic homogeneity for convenient governance from official point of view. (openedition.org)

population

  • If the non-Hispanic white population falls below 50% the group will only be the plurality, not the majority. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kurds are the largest ethnic minority in Syria, comprising between 7% and 10% of the country's population according to most sources. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kurds are the largest ethnic minority in Syria, and make up between 7 and 10 percent of the Syrian population as of 2011-between 1.6 and 2.5 million people. (wikipedia.org)

members

  • Members of minority groups are prone to different treatment in the countries and societies in which they live. (wikipedia.org)
  • it is also subjectively applied by its members, who may use their status as the basis of group identity or solidarity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Arzal group was recorded in the 1901 census in India and its members are also called Dalit Muslims "with whom no other Muhammadan would associate, and who are forbidden to enter the mosque or to use the public burial ground"[citation needed].They are relegated to "menial" professions such as scavenging and carrying night soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other group members were located through small classified advertisements placed in British newspapers such as The Daily Telegraph. (wikipedia.org)

ancestral

  • These may be deities of the natural environment or ancestral principles of human groups, concepts of civility, culture heroes, many of whom feature in Chinese mythology and history. (wikipedia.org)

largely

  • Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR): Births and deaths In the 19th century, there had been a substantial indigenous minority, but this group was also largely assimilated culturally into the mestizo majority. (wikipedia.org)

majority

  • In some places, subordinate ethnic groups may constitute a numerical majority, such as Blacks in South Africa under apartheid. (wikipedia.org)
  • This State -making process is sometimes considered to be an assimilation of ethnic minorities into the mainstream majority (McElwee, 2004). (openedition.org)

national

  • Only in Europe is this exact definition (probably) provided by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages and by the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Minority Supplier Development Council (NMSDC) recently named Chrysler Group the minority supplier Company of the Year for 2014. (thenewswheel.com)

higher

  • Although there has been a rise in the representation of ethnic minority groups in higher education, such people still face hurdles when trying to enter the workforce, it has been claimed. (slatergordon.co.uk)

whose

  • We continue to receive an increased number of requests for support from excluded and marginalised minority and indigenous groups from across the world whose most basic rights are being threatened and denied. (minorityrights.org)

nature

  • The Alawites are a secretive group that believe in the divine nature of Ali, the cousin of Muhammad. (wikipedia.org)

people

  • Are you passionate about protecting the rights of minority and indigenous people worldwide? (minorityrights.org)
  • At the receiving end of these official policies, the local ethnic minority people do not passively accept their marginalisation but are able to initiate the use of traditional cross-border cultural resources to improve their condition. (openedition.org)
  • Their traditional living environment has transformed from a landscape dominated by seemingly impassable forest where ethnic minority people lived in scattering villages and practiced shifting cultivation to a multi-ethnic congregation settlement engaging in cash cropping and trading. (openedition.org)
  • In the western region, the Nahua people (also known as the Pipil-Nicaraos) were present along with other groups such as the Chorotega people. (wikipedia.org)

situation

  • Many veterans, having learned organizational skills, and become more alert to the nationwide situation of their group, became active in civil rights activities after the war. (wikipedia.org)

development

  • The Good News Club was the plaintiff in Good News Club v. Milford Central School, 533 U.S. 98 (2001), which held that the club was entitled to the same access as other groups, like the Boy Scouts, to provide after-school programs designed to promote "moral and character development" to Milford School's elementary children. (wikipedia.org)

religious

  • After the late 1970s, religious freedoms for Christians improved and new Chinese groups emerged. (wikipedia.org)

society

  • The foregoingcases all assume that the paerson believes in equal opportunities forall in the sense that one's group affiliation should not affect hisrole in the larger society. (pfeiffer.edu)
  • Initially, the group had quite an impact on the press and on television which elevated the status of lesbians into something that could be discussed in ordinary society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Outline and account for the disadvantages experienced by minority ethnic groups in British society. (markedbyteachers.com)

state

  • We concluded that local ethnic minority peoples actively re-negotiate with more powerful State and economic actors and re-shape local border politics while the State is not always uncompromising and monolithic as it is usually portrayed. (openedition.org)

view

  • Legal cases taken up by MRG are done in view of promoting and protecting minority rights, strengthening the rule of law and contributing to conflict prevention around the world. (wikipedia.org)

given

page

  • Check the Minority Rights Group jobs page for vacancies, internships and volunteering opportunities. (minorityrights.org)

terms

  • One of the biggest things that Chrysler Group does in terms of investing in its minority suppliers is the Matchmaker program. (thenewswheel.com)

active

  • The Minorities Research group had an active relationship with the American equivalent of the time period, Daughters of Bilitis. (wikipedia.org)

membership

  • In the first place, a person may be unaware of the extent to whichhis group membership influences the way others treat him. (pfeiffer.edu)
  • Or, less likely, he may beconscious of his membership in a certain group but not be aware ofthe general disesteem with which the group is regarded. (pfeiffer.edu)

status

  • The minority status is conditioned not only by a clearly numerical relations but also by questions of political power. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the term "minority group" is inapplicable toboth types, the term "minority group status" may be substituted. (pfeiffer.edu)

create

  • Chrysler Group is committed to creating a diverse and sustainable supply base through innovative programs that create new business opportunities for minority suppliers such as Matchmaker and High Focus," said Tom Finelli, Vice President, Purchasing and Supplier Quality at Chrysler Group. (thenewswheel.com)

feel

  • They feel no minority group consciousness, harbor noresentment, and, hence, cannot properly be said to belong in aminority group. (pfeiffer.edu)

issues

  • Activists campaigning on a range of issues may use the language of minority rights, including student rights, consumer rights, and animal rights. (wikipedia.org)

different

  • He may haveformally dissolved all ties with the group in question and fondlyimagine his identity is different from what others hold it to be.Consequently, he interprets their behavior toward him solely in termsof his individual characteristics. (pfeiffer.edu)