Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Community Mental Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of psychologic and psychiatric services to people living in a neighborhood or community.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.): A component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with research, overall planning, promoting, and administering mental health programs and research. It was established in 1949.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Insurance, Psychiatric: Insurance providing benefits to cover part or all of the psychiatric care.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Mentally Ill Persons: Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.Hospitals, Psychiatric: Special hospitals which provide care to the mentally ill patient.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Psychiatric Nursing: A specialty concerned with the application of psychiatric principles in caring for the mentally ill. It also includes the nursing care provided the mentally ill patient.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.United StatesHealth Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Commitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Social Work, Psychiatric: Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.Deinstitutionalization: The practice of caring for individuals in the community, rather than in an institutional environment with resultant effects on the individual, the individual's family, the community, and the health care system.Crisis Intervention: Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Emergency Services, Psychiatric: Organized services to provide immediate psychiatric care to patients with acute psychological disturbances.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Great BritainHealthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Refugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Cyclonic Storms: Non-frontal low-pressure systems over tropical or sub-tropical waters with organized convection and definite pattern of surface wind circulation.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Psychotherapy: A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Psychotropic Drugs: A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Forensic Psychiatry: Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.EnglandElectronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.First Aid: Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.Child Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in children.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Iraq War, 2003-2011: An armed intervention involving multi-national forces in the country of IRAQ.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.United States Department of Veterans Affairs: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Stereotyping: An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.Afghan Campaign 2001-: Multinational coalition military operation initiated in October 2001 to counter terrorism and bring security to AFGHANISTAN in collaboration with Afghan forces.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Life Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.Professional-Patient Relations: Interactions between health personnel and patients.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Social Stigma: A perceived attribute that is deeply discrediting and is considered to be a violation of social norms.Personal Satisfaction: The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.Religion and Psychology: The interrelationship of psychology and religion.Homeless Persons: Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Mentally Disabled Persons: Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
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The Future of Pediatrics: Mental Health Competencies for Pediatric Primary Care | FROM THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS |...US Department of Health and Human Services. Mental Health: Culture, Race, and Ethnicity-A Supplement to Mental Health. A Report ... US Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health ... "Generic" mental health skills proposed in this report are drawn from the literature on "common factors" in mental health care- ... PCCs have a role in mental health care that differs substantively from that of mental health specialists, many of whom may be ...
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HKU Scholars Hub: The value of four mental health self-report scales in predicting interview-based mood and anxiety disorder...The present study sought to determine how accurately 4 dimensional mental health measures, the 12-item General Health ... The present study sought to determine how accurately 4 dimensional mental health measures, the 12-item General Health ... Article: The value of four mental health self-report scales in predicting interview-based mood and anxiety disorder diagnoses ... The value of four mental health self-report scales in predicting interview-based mood and anxiety disorder diagnoses in sibling ...
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Emerging Niche - Bullying - AOTA... on children's mental health that focuses on the development of positive mental health as well as prevention of mental health ... Bazyk, S. (Ed.). (2010). Mental health promotion, prevention and intervention for children and youth: A guiding framework for ... and note behaviors that might suggest mental health challenges. Because many practitioners work with keyboarding and technology ... are providers in addition to school counselors who have a background related to social participation and mental health," says ...
To Those Who Provide Support to Parents Who Are Abuse Survivors - SagePlace - Alternative Mental Health | HealthyPlaceLearn more about mental health disorders and treatments from a trusted source. Find support in our online community of ... Mental Health. Newsletter Subscribe Now! Mental Health Newsletter. Sign up for the HealthyPlace mental health newsletter for ... Mental Health Newsletter. Sign up for the HealthyPlace mental health newsletter for latest news, articles, events. ... This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. ...
vasomotor symptoms Archives - MGH Center for Women's Mental HealthMGH Center for Women's Mental Health MGH Center for Women's Mental Health ... SSRIs for Vasomotor Symptoms and Bone Health. By MGH Center for Women's Mental Health on July 28, 2015 in Menopausal Symptoms ... By MGH Center for Women's Mental Health on February 15, 2016 in Essential Reads, Menopausal Symptoms ... anticonvulsants antidepressant antidepressants anxiety bipolar disorder breastfeeding CAM CBT Center for Women's Mental Health ...
Impact of the South African Mental Health Care Act No. 17 of 2002 on regional and district hospitals designated for mental...Mental Health Atlas. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2005. [ Links ]. 7. The Mental Health and Poverty Project. Policy Brief ... The World Health Report 2001 - Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2001. [ Links ]. ... Impact of the South African Mental Health Care Act No. 17 of 2002 on regional and district hospitals designated for mental ... The Current State of Mental Health Policy in South Africa. Cape Town: Mental Health and Poverty Project, University of Cape ...
Parity for Mental Health Coverage | NAMI: National Alliance on Mental IllnessLearn how without parity mental health treatment is often covered at far lower levels in health insurance policies than ... Parity for Mental Health Coverage. Parity is legally recognizing mental health conditions and substance use as equal to ... Without parity mental health treatment is often covered at far lower levels in health insurance policies than physical illness ... mental health and/or substance use disorders. Health Plans Subject to State Parity. Federal parity replaces state law only in ...
History of Mental Health - Mental Health... at BellaOnline ... we generally think of mental health care as a relatively new ... BellaOnline's Mental Health Editor. History of Mental Health. Guest Author - Karen Huber. In modern society, we generally think ... Mental hygiene was promoted and mental health professions developed. The term "shell shock" came into vocabulary after World ... For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Mental Health Newsletter Past Issues ...
Community Partnership Development Award (CPDA) - Office of Mental Health Promotion - Community Outreach - Psychiatry -...The Office of Mental Health Promotion invites proposals from faculty-community teams, to pursue new collaborations that aim to ... URMC / Psychiatry / Community Outreach / Office of Mental Health Promotion / Community Partnership Development Award (CPDA) ... accessibility or culturally competent care to address a community mental health objective mutually defined by community- ... public health, psychology, arts and humanities. Health care providers are encouraged but not required to be members of the ...
Substance Abuse Archives - MGH Center for Women's Mental HealthMGH Center for Women's Mental Health MGH Center for Women's Mental Health ... By MGH Center for Women's Mental Health on July 11, 2017 in Essential Reads, General, Substance Abuse ... By MGH Center for Women's Mental Health on August 17, 2017 in substance abuse, Substance Abuse ... anticonvulsants antidepressant antidepressants anxiety bipolar disorder breastfeeding CAM CBT Center for Women's Mental Health ...
4 UR Mental Health: What is mental health? | Mental Health HumorThe term itself has a stigmatic connotation to it referring more to or health problems. The truth is, it's 'relating to the ... Home » Bipolar Disorder » Blogs » Mental Health Humor » 4 UR Mental Health: What is mental health? ... What is mental health? The term itself has a stigmatic connotation to it referring more to mental disorders or mental health ... Nonetheless, the word "mental" is over-used in places like mental health clinic or mental health service… True, it is needed to ...
Workers' Mental Health Problems and Future Perspectives in Japan: Psychological Job Stress Research: Medical & Healthcare IS&T...This chapter reviews data on the mental health problems of Japanese workers. Some of the main theories that analyze mental ... Mental Health Problems and Future Perspectives in Japan: Psychological Job Stress Research: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2113-8.ch038: ... The "Industrialist Mental Health White Paper (San-gyo-jin mental health haku-syo)" is published every year by the Mental Health ... 1. Present Condition Of Mental Health Problems In Japan. 1.1 Workers' Health Situation. When examining the mental health ...
Mental Health Diagnosis | HuffPostMental Health Diagnosis
Mental HealthWhether you are just discovering the signs of mental illness in your life, or you've been struggling, fully aware for weeks, ... "Mental Health and Mental Disorders," HealthyPeople.gov. *"What's the Difference between Mental Health and Mental Illness?" ... How can I take care of my own mental health? How can I take care of my own mental health? You have been blessed with unique ... Talk to someone you trust, such as a family member, friend, bishop, or mental health professional. Addressing mental health ...
Mental Health - Books Sitemap... federally funded Community Mental Health Centers by National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.). Community Mental Health ... federally funded community mental health centers by National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.). Community Mental Health ... Annotated directory of mental health training manuals by World Health Organization. Division of Mental Health - 1990 - 68 pages ... Aspects of mental health by Roland Wesley - 1979 - 62 pages. Aspects of mental health in a multi-cultural society by Great ...
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.Community mental health service: Community mental health services (CMHS), also known as Community Mental Health Teams (CMHT) in the United Kingdom, support or treat people with mental disorders (mental illness or mental health difficulties) in a domiciliary setting, instead of a psychiatric hospital (asylum). The array of community mental health services vary depending on the country in which the services are provided.Mental disorderSelf-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Global Health Delivery ProjectWoodhull Medical and Mental Health CenterHealth policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)Patent encumbrance of large automotive NiMH batteriesHalfdan T. MahlerBehavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Biologically based mental illness: One of three major definitions used in state parity laws.An Analysis of the Definitions of Mental Illness Used in State Parity LawsContraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Rating scales for depression: A depression rating scale is a psychiatric measuring instrument having descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression for a time period. When used, an observer may make judgements and rate a person at a specified scale level with respect to identified characteristics.Stressor: A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.Women's Health Initiative: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) was initiated by the U.S.Two Rivers Psychiatric Hospital: Two Rivers Behavioral Health System is a psychiatric hospital located in Kansas City, Missouri.Aging (scheduling): In Operating systems, Aging is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation. Fixed priority scheduling is a scheduling discipline, in which tasks queued for utilizing a system resource are assigned a priority each.Psychiatric and mental health nursing: Psychiatric nursing or mental health nursing is the specialty of nursing that cares for people of all ages with mental illness or mental distress, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, psychosis, depression or dementia. Nurses in this area receive more training in psychological therapies, building a therapeutic alliance, dealing with challenging behavior, and the administration of psychiatric medication.Time-trade-off: Time-Trade-Off (TTO) is a tool used in health economics to help determine the quality of life of a patient or group. The individual will be presented with a set of directions such as:Oneirology: Oneirology (; from Greek [oneiron, "dream"; and -λογία], ["the study of") is the scientific study of [[dream]s. Current research seeks correlations between dreaming and current knowledge about the functions of the brain, as well as understanding of how the brain works during dreaming as pertains to memory formation and mental disorders.Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.European Immunization Week: European Immunization Week (EIW) is an annual regional initiative, coordinated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe), to promote immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases. EIW activities are carried out by participating WHO/Europe member states.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Substance-related disorderInvoluntary commitment: Involuntary commitment or civil commitment is a legal process through which an individual with symptoms of severe mental illness is court-ordered into treatment in a psychiatric hospital (inpatient) or in the community (outpatient).Treatment Improvement Protocols: Treatment Improvement Protocols (TIPs) are a series of best-practice manuals for the treatment of substance use and other related disorders. The TIP series is published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA an agency of the U.Healthy community design: Healthy community design is planning and designing communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. Healthy community design offers important benefits:Sandra Sully (songwriter): Sandra Sully is a songwriter who co-wrote Bobby Womack's "If You Think You're Lonely Now". BMI Website, Songwriter Sandra Sully In 2006 she was credited as a co-writer of Mariah Carey's Grammy Award–winning song "We Belong Together" which incorporated part of "If You're Think You're Lonely Now".UNICEF Tap Project: The UNICEF Tap Project is a nationwide campaign that provides children in impoverished nations with access to safe, clean water. The campaign culminates during World Water Week, celebrating the United Nations’ World Water Day, March 22.Ontario Correctional ServicesAvoidance coping: In psychology, avoidance coping, escape coping, or cope and avoid is a maladaptive coping mechanism characterized by the effort to avoid dealing with a stressor. Coping refers to behaviors that attempt to protect oneself from psychological damage.Essex School of discourse analysis: The Essex School constitutes a variety of discourse analysis, one that combines theoretical sophistication – mainly due to its reliance on the post-structuralist and psychoanalytic traditions and, in particular, on the work of Lacan, Foucault, Barthes, Derrida, etc. – with analytical precision, since it focuses predominantly on an in-depth analysis of political discourses in late modernity.Minati SenEmergency psychiatrySharon Regional Health System: Sharon Regional Health System is a profit health care service provider based in Sharon, Pennsylvania. Its main hospital is located in Sharon; additionally, the health system operates schools of nursing and radiography; a comprehensive pain management center across the street from its main hospital; clinics in nearby Mercer, Greenville, Hermitage, and Brookfield, Ohio; and Sharon Regional Medical Park in Hermitage.South Asia Disaster Report: South Asia Disaster Report is a 2006 report by Duryog Nivaran, edited by Amjad Bhatti and others, and subtitled Tackling the Tides and Tremors. It looks at disasters affecting the South Asian region's "countries and communities (that) are connected to each other geologically, geographically and culturally".Poverty trap: A poverty trap is "any self-reinforcing mechanism which causes poverty to persist."Costas Azariadis and John Stachurski, "Poverty Traps," Handbook of Economic Growth, 2005, 326.Pride and Prejudice and Zombies: Dawn of the Dreadfuls: Pride and Prejudice and Zombies: Dawn of the Dreadfuls (2010) is a parody novel by Steve Hockensmith. It is a prequel to Seth Grahame-Smith's 2009 novel Pride and Prejudice and Zombies, focusing on "the early life and training of Elizabeth Bennet, heroine of the earlier Pride and Prejudice and Zombies as she strove to become a gifted zombie hunter, with some mishaps in her early romantic encounters also included.Resource leak: In computer science, a resource leak is a particular type of resource consumption by a computer program where the program does not release resources it has acquired. This condition is normally the result of a bug in a program.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.DenplanIntegrated catchment management: Integrated catchment management is a subset of environmental planning which approaches sustainable resource management from a catchment perspective, in contrast to a piecemeal approach that artificially separates land management from water management.Northeast Community Health CentreHypervigilance: Hypervigilance is an enhanced state of sensory sensitivity accompanied by an exaggerated intensity of behaviors whose purpose is to detect threats. Hypervigilance is also accompanied by a state of increased anxiety which can cause exhaustion.Referral (medicine): In medicine, referral is the transfer of care for a patient from one clinician to another.García Olmos L, Gervas Camacho J, Otero A, Pérez Fernández M.
(1/2544) The impact of genetic counselling on risk perception and mental health in women with a family history of breast cancer.
The present study investigated: (1) perception of genetic risk and, (2) the psychological effects of genetic counselling in women with a family history of breast cancer. Using a prospective design, with assessment pre- and post-genetic counselling at clinics and by postal follow-up at 1, 6 and 12 months, attenders at four South London genetic clinics were assessed. Participants included 282 women with a family history of breast cancer. Outcome was measured in terms of mental health, cancer-specific distress and risk perception. High levels of cancer-specific distress were found pre-genetic counselling, with 28% of participants reporting that they worried about breast cancer 'frequently or constantly' and 18% that worry about breast cancer was 'a severe or definite problem'. Following genetic counselling, levels of cancer-specific distress were unchanged. General mental health remained unchanged over time (33% psychiatric cases detected pre-genetic counselling, 27% at 12 months after genetic counselling). Prior to their genetics consultation, participants showed poor knowledge of their lifetime risk of breast cancer since there was no association between their perceived lifetime risk (when they were asked to express this as a 1 in x odds ratio) and their actual risk, when the latter was calculated by the geneticist at the clinic using the CASH model. In contrast, women were more accurate about their risk of breast cancer pre-genetic counselling when this was assessed in broad categorical terms (i.e. very much lower/very much higher than the average woman) with a significant association between this rating and the subsequently calculated CASH risk figure (P = 0.001). Genetic counselling produced a modest shift in the accuracy of perceived lifetime risk, expressed as an odds ratio, which was maintained at 12 months' follow-up. A significant minority failed to benefit from genetic counselling; 77 women continued to over-estimate their risk and maintain high levels of cancer-related worry. Most clinic attenders were inaccurate in their estimates of the population risk of breast cancer with only 24% able to give the correct figure prior to genetic counselling and 36% over-estimating this risk. There was some improvement following genetic counselling with 62% able to give the correct figure, but this information was poorly retained and this figure had dropped to 34% by the 1-year follow-up. The study showed that women attending for genetic counselling are worried about breast cancer, with 34% indicating that they had initiated the referral to the genetic clinic themselves. This anxiety is not alleviated by genetic counselling, although women reported that it was less of a problem at follow-up. Women who continue to over-estimate their risk and worry about breast cancer are likely to go on seeking unnecessary screening if they are not reassured. (+info)
(2/2544) Sexual harassment and generalized workplace abuse among university employees: prevalence and mental health correlates.
OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that interpersonal workplace stressors involving sexual harassment and generalized workplace abuse are highly prevalent and significantly linked with mental health outcomes including symptomatic distress, the use and abuse of alcohol, and other drug use. METHODS: Employees in 4 university occupational groups (faculty, student, clerical, and service workers; n = 2492) were surveyed by means of a mailed self-report instrument. Cross-tabular and ordinary least squares and logistic regression analyses examined the prevalence of harassment and abuse and their association with mental health status. RESULTS: The data show high rates of harassment and abuse. Among faculty, females were subjected to higher rates; among clerical and service workers, males were subjected to higher rates. Male and female clerical and service workers experienced higher levels of particularly severe mistreatment. Generalized abuse was more prevalent than harassment for all groups. Both harassment and abuse were significantly linked to most mental health outcomes for men and women. CONCLUSIONS: Interpersonally abusive workplace dynamics constitute a significant public health problem that merits increased intervention and prevention strategies. (+info)
(3/2544) Psychological factors associated with recurrent vaginal candidiasis: a preliminary study.
OBJECTIVE: To identify psychological factors associated with chronic recurrent vaginal candidiasis. DESIGN: A cross sectional exploratory study of women with chronic, recurrent vaginal candidiasis. PATIENTS: 28 women found culture positive and treated for vaginal candidiasis by a clinic physician at least twice within the past 6 months. All women reported that they had experienced vaginal thrush six or more times within 1 year. A comparison group comprised 16 women with no history of recurrent vaginal candidiasis, of similar age range, and recruited from a women's family planning service. METHODS: Both groups were compared on demographic criteria, sexual health histories, mental health, and psychological health characteristics. A purpose designed structured interview was administered alongside a battery of standardised psychometric instruments measuring mood, satisfaction with life, self esteem, and perceived stress. RESULTS: The two groups showed considerable similarities, with no significant differences in demographic characteristics and most sexual health issues. However, women with recurrent vaginal candidiasis were significantly more likely to suffer clinical depression, to be less satisfied with life, to have poorer self esteem, and to perceive their lives as more stressful. Additionally, women with recurrent vaginal candidiasis reported that their candidiasis seriously interfered with their sexual and emotional relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study identified many areas of psychological morbidity associated with chronic vaginal candidiasis, and indicates that development of appropriate psychological treatment initiatives in this area is long overdue. (+info)
(4/2544) Income group differences in relationships among survey measures of physical and mental health.
The present research tested the hypothesis that the experience of health is hierarchically organized such that gratification of physical health needs must precede gratification of mental health needs. It was reasoned that because the nondisadvantaged possess greater resources for the gratification of health needs in general, symptoms of mental illness would be more salient for this group and thus better able to explain variance in both mental and physical illness. On the other hand, it was reasoned that symptoms of physical illness would be more salient and thus better able to explain variance in both mental and physical illness for the disadvantaged. Results of the study indicate income group differences in patterns of relationships among health variables, supporting the hypothesis and suggesting important differences in the validity of health measures across income groups. The results are related to previous findings in medical sociology, and suggestions for future research are made. (+info)
(5/2544) Epidemiology of job stress and health in Japan: review of current evidence and future direction.
With the increasing concern about job stress, there is a growing body of literature addressing psychosocial job stress and its adverse effects on health in Japan. This paper reviews research findings over the past 15 years concerning the assessment of job stress, the relationship of job stress to mental and physical health, and the effects of worksite stress reduction activities in Japan. Although studies were conducted in the past using ad-hoc job stress questionnaires, well-established job stressor scales have since been translated into Japanese, their psychometric properties tested and these scales extensively used in recent epidemiologic studies. While the impact of overtime and quantitative job overload on mental health seems moderate, job control, skill use and worksite support, as well as qualitative job demands, had greater effects on psychological distress and drinking problems in cross-sectional and prospective studies. These job stressors also indicated a strong association with psychiatric disorders, including major depression, even with a prospective study design. Long working hours were associated with a higher risk of myocardial infarction, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. There is evidence that the job demands-control model, as well as the use of new technology at work, is associated with higher levels of blood pressure and serum lipids among Japanese working populations. Fibrinolytic activity, blood glucose levels, immune functions and medical consultation rates were also affected by job stressors. It is further suggested that Japanese workers tend to suppress expression of positive feelings, which results in apparently higher psychological distress and lower job satisfaction among Japanese workers compared with workers in the U.S. Future epidemiologic studies in Japan should focus more on a prospective study design, theoretical models of job stress, job stress among women, and cultural difference and well-designed intervention studies of various types of worksite stress reduction. (+info)
(6/2544) Job stressor-mental health associations in a sample of Japanese working adults: artifacts of positive and negative questions?
To examine whether positive and negative components of mental health were differently related to job stressors and life events, correlational analyses were conducted using data for the GHQ-12 and some scales of the NIOSH Generic Job Stress Questionnaire collected from 765 workers in Japan. Six positive items and six negative items of the GHQ-12 were summed up for positive and negative components of mental health (GHQ-POS, GHQ-NEG). The GHQ-POS was significantly correlated with only positively-oriented job stressors. The GHQ-NEG was significantly correlated with only negatively-oriented job stressors. Most correlations were significantly different between GHQ-POS and GHQ-NEG. This correlation pattern resulted in smaller, but significant, correlations between job stressors and the GHQ-12. These results may reflect "measuring similarity" due to item-wording. Detailed inspection suggested that GHQ-POS and GHQ-NEG, as well as positively- and negatively-oriented job stressors, were not attributable only to positive affectively or negative affectivity, respectively. Work-related events showed higher correlations with all mental health variables than their job stressors' counterparts. For females, mental health variables were seldom correlated with job stressors, but significantly correlated with life events. These results might indicate the superiority of "event-type stress measure" as compared to perceived rating scale in assessing job stressors. Further direction was discussed. (+info)
(7/2544) Assessment of the SF-36 version 2 in the United Kingdom.
OBJECTIVES: To introduce the UK SF36 Version II (SF36-II), and to (a) gain population norms for the UK SF36-II in a large community sample as well as to explore the instrument's internal consistency reliability and construct validity, and (b) to derive the Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) algorithms for the UK SF36-II. DESIGN: Postal survey using a questionnaire booklet, containing the SF-36-II and questions on demographics and long term illness. SETTING: The sample was drawn from General Practitioner Records held by the Health Authorities for Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Northamptonshire, and Oxfordshire. SAMPLE: The questionnaire was sent to 13,800 randomly selected subjects between the ages of 18-64 inclusive. OUTCOME MEASURES: Scores for the eight dimensions of the UK SF36-II and the PCS and MCS summary scores. RESULTS: The survey achieved a response rate of 64.4% (n = 8889). Internal consistency of the different dimensions of the questionnaire were found to be high. Normative data for the SF-36 are reported, broken down by age and sex, and social class. Factor analysis of the eight domains produced a two factor solution and provided weights for the UK SF36-II. CONCLUSION: The SF36-II domains were shown to have improved reliability over the previous version of the UK SF36. Furthermore, enhancements to wording and response categories reduces the extent of floor and ceiling effects in the role performance dimensions. These advances are likely to lead to better precision as well as greater responsiveness in longitudinal studies. (+info)
(8/2544) Bullying behaviour and psychosocial health among school students in New South Wales, Australia: cross sectional survey.
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of bullying behaviours in schoolchildren and the association of bullying with psychological and psychosomatic health. DESIGN: Cross sectional survey. SETTING: Government and non-government schools in New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 3918 schoolchildren attending year 6 (mean age 11.88 years), year 8 (13.96), and year 10 (15.97) classes from 115 schools. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self reported bullying behaviours and psychological and psychosomatic symptoms. RESULTS: Almost a quarter of students (23.7%) bullied other students, 12.7% were bullied, 21.5% were both bullied and bullied others on one or more occasions in the last term of school, and 42.4% were neither bullied nor bullied others. More boys than girls reported bullying others and being victims of bullying. Bullying behaviour was associated with increased psychosomatic symptoms. Bullies tended to be unhappy with school; students who were bullied tended to like school and to feel alone. Students who both bullied and were bullied had the greatest number of psychological and psychosomatic symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Being bullied seems to be widespread in schools in New South Wales and is associated with increased psychosomatic symptoms and poor mental health. Health practitioners evaluating students with common psychological and psychosomatic symptoms should consider bullying and the student's school environment as potential causes. (+info)
- Participants will receive Eban Health Promotion Intervention. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The eight-session Eban Health Promotion Intervention is guided by a social cognitive approach that engages health promotion skills. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- This study will compare the effectiveness of the Eban HIV/STD Risk Reduction Intervention with the Eban Health Promotion Intervention in reducing the risk of STDs among African-American HIV-serodiscordant heterosexual couples. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Participants will then be assigned randomly to one of two treatment groups: the Eban HIV/STD Risk Reduction Intervention group or the Eban Health Promotion Intervention group. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The Health Promotion Intervention arm focuses on physical activity, diet, and other behaviors linked to risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, and certain cancers, which are all leading causes of morbidity and mortality among South Africans. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- A psychiatrist is a physician - doctor of medicine (M.D.) or doctor of osteopathic medicine (D.O.) - who specializes in mental health. (mayoclinic.org)
- The Johnson County Mental Health Center will host a community conversation and panel discussion on opioid misuse 8:30 a.m. to noon on Thursday, June 29, at the Ball Conference Center, 21350 W. 153rd St. in Olathe. (jocogov.org)
- One lost life is too many," said Tim DeWeese, director of the Johnson County Mental Health Center. (jocogov.org)
- Newport County Community Mental Health Center, Inc. (active.com)
- New London - The center at Lawrence & Memorial Hospital that provides outpatient mental health services for about 800 patients is being moved from the main hospital into five primary-care offices from North Stonington to Niantic. (theday.com)
- James Siemianowski, spokesman for the state Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, said L&M receives no DMHAS funding for the Counseling Center, but the hospital did inform the department about the pending change. (theday.com)
- Outgoing President Lucille Casulli (left) and incoming President Pat Pope (right) presented a generous donation to Sonia Wadhwani and Meghan Daley of the Community Mental Health Center. (hudsonreporter.com)
- San Fernando Valley Community Mental Health Center is a Counselor facility at 14624 Sherman Way Suite 303 in Van Nuys, CA. (wellness.com)
- Services San Fernando Valley Community Mental Health Center offers counseling at 14624 Sherman Way Suite 303, Van Nuys, CA 91405 in Van Nuys, CA. (wellness.com)
- Please call San Fernando Valley Community Mental Health Center at (818) 997-3968 to schedule an appointment in Van Nuys, CA and to get more information about the counseling services offered. (wellness.com)
- Recovery-Oriented Service Delivery in a Community Mental Health Center Kaufman. (ebay.de)
- Regarding indigent care, Bert Nash has a team of homeless outreach professionals who assist individuals and families with and without mental illness. (ljworld.com)
- The transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV, is a major public health concern, especially among minority groups in the United States. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- This thesis describes and analyses the implementation of afreedom of choice system within community mental health services. (diva-portal.org)
- Daycentre services were in focus, and a case study was conducted of a majormunicipality that sought to be a "world-class city" in regard to citizens' choice.The experiences of policy makers, managers, professionals, and participantswere explored in interviews, and documents on a national, municipal, and citydistrict level, as well as homepages of providers of community mental healthservices, were all part of the study and were analysed using content-analysismethods. (diva-portal.org)
- Individuals in Johnson County are dying from opioid misuse, and we have a responsibility to provide effective prevention and treatment services for the health and well-being of our community. (jocogov.org)
- An L&M-affiliated primary care office in Old Lyme will add mental health services once a new, larger building opens. (theday.com)
- We're trying to bring psychiatry back into medicine by imbedding mental health staff in the primary-care setting," Duval-Arnould said, adding that he believes the new model will help reduce the reluctance some people have about accessing services in the "relatively isolated" Pond House setting because of the stigma associated with mental health treatment. (theday.com)
- In her letter, Chase-Brand said restructuring is the latest of several steps the hospital has taken since 2010 to pare back its outpatient mental health services. (theday.com)
- For delivery in Washington, DC-Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Department of Health and Human Services, Room 445-G, Hubert H. Humphrey Building, 200 Independence Avenue, SW. (federalregister.gov)
- For delivery in Baltimore, MD-Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Department of Health and Human Services, 7500 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21244-1850. (federalregister.gov)
- Be sure that the professional you choose is licensed to provide mental health services. (mayoclinic.org)
- Other types of advanced practice nurses who provide mental health services include a clinical nurse specialist (C.N.S.), a certified nurse practitioner (C.N.P) or a doctorate of nursing practice (D.N.P. (mayoclinic.org)
- In 2006, the King County Mental Health Division requested that mental health providers complete a locally created standardized self-assessment tool of their recovery services. (ebay.de)
- Sessions will focus on the individual and will provide factual information on health, screening, exercise, diet management, and medication adherence. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The health promotion treatment is structurally similar to the HIV/STD treatment: each has the same number of sessions and sessions led by Xhosa-speaking male and female co-facilitators. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Chase-Brand, who also briefly served as interim chairwoman of psychiatry in 2010 and 2011, sent a letter on Dec. 19 to the commissioner of the state Department of Public Health outlining her concerns. (theday.com)
- This proposed rule would establish, for the first time, conditions of participation (CoPs) that community mental health centers (CMHCs) would have to meet in order to participate in the Medicare program. (federalregister.gov)
- Community Mental Health Centers in the United States are moving from medical models of treatment to recovery-oriented models for people with psychiatric disorders. (ebay.de)
- In this investigation, action research methodology is applied using local and national tools to assess this process at Community House Mental Health Agency in King County, Washington. (ebay.de)
- Mental health providers are professionals who diagnose mental health conditions and provide treatment. (mayoclinic.org)
- News outlets, criminal justice agencies and health organizations across the county have characterized opioid misuse and addiction as an escalating public health crisis. (jocogov.org)
- Her letter to Dr. Jewel Mullen, state public health commissioner, is being reviewed, Diana Lejardi, department spokeswoman, said Wednesday, adding that she had no additional comment. (theday.com)
- Below you'll find some of the most common types of mental health providers. (mayoclinic.org)
- Most mental health providers treat a range of conditions, but one with a specialized focus may be more suited to your needs. (mayoclinic.org)
- Some mental health providers are not licensed to prescribe medications. (mayoclinic.org)
- Sign up for our newsletter to get the latest health news and tips. (ratemds.com)
- Comic workbook story lines are used to increase risk perception and awareness of health risks. (clinicaltrials.gov)