Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Masculinity: Male-associated sex-specific social roles and behaviors unrelated to biologic function.San FranciscoErectile Dysfunction: The inability in the male to have a PENILE ERECTION due to psychological or organ dysfunction.Gender Identity: A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.CaliforniaHealth Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Prostatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.

*  Men's Health -

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*  Men's Health

Tags: Family, Health, Male, Marriage, Men, Men's Health, Michael T. Snyder, Pain, Traditional Values, Trump , Category: ... But how many men could be described that way today?. In the old days, men dedicated themselves to God, family and country, but ... Men's magazines are now filled with articles like, "Should a Man Show Nipple?" and "What Men Know about Wearing Eyeliner." ... Now that he is president, will he inspire millions of other men to finally start acting like men again? ...

*  Nutrition and Food, Well-Done | Men's Health

Men's Health can help. By The Editors of Men's Health, Photography By Thinkstock July 23, 2014 ... Men's Health, The Brand Men Live By. Copyright © 2017 Rodale Inc. No reproduction, transmission or display is permitted without ... Men's Health remains committed to providing you with the best, most useful, and authoritatively excellent food and nutrition ...

*  Men's Health

Buy Men's Health Products at AllDayChemist for curing all sex-related problems. We supply the best in ED pills, drugs, ... All these men's health medicines are available online. You can buy men's health products online from ... There are some multivitamins for men, which aims to improve overall health and well-to-be. The good vitamins for men having ... Men's health. About Erectile Dysfunction:. Erectile dysfunction is the inability to get or keep proper erection of the penis, ...

*  Different medicines for men's health

... Men suffer from wide varieties of health throughout their lifetime. Different health ... Different medicines for men's health *Men suffer from wide varieties of health throughout their lifetime. Different health ... One of the major health complications that men face today is loss of hair. In fact, it has been recognized that almost two- ... Key Health Tips for Seniors Keeping fit and maintaining good health is especially important in old age, considering that the ...

*  Testosterone therapy: side effects - Men's Health -

Men's Health: Testosterone therapy: side effects. Considering testosterone therapy? Be aware of the potential side effects, ... Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, and occurs more frequently in older men. No study to date has shown that ... However, men with liver disease such as hepatitis, or who are taking other medications with potential side effects to the liver ... Polycythemia: Some men who are given testosterone will have an increase in their hemoglobin, or hematocrit levels. Hemoglobin ...

*  Men's Health Network - MHN -

Men's Health Network (MHN) is a national non-profit organization whose mission is to reach men and their families where they ... Blueprint for Men's Health. * Men's Health Library. http://www. ... A Federal Government website managed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is sponsored by the ... MHN conducts free health screenings and consultations in more than 100 locations across the country each year. ...

*  DMOZ - Health: Men's Health: Procedures: Orchiectomy

This category contains sites about orchiectomy or orchidectomy, the surgical removal of the testes, as a treatment for prostate cancer.'s_Health/Procedures/Orchiectomy/

*  The Best Foods for Men | Men's Health

These 100+ foods are recommended by the editors of Men's Health. ... Men's Health, The Brand Men Live By. Copyright © 2017 Rodale ... Planters Nut-rition Men's Health Recommended Mix. We consulted on the mix; you reap the heart benefits. ... The Best Foods for Men. We sampled and reviewed thousands of products to separate the dietary duds from the nutritional heroes ... Perfect Time to Eat Lunch-_-125 Best Foods for Men

*  June Is Men's Health Month

... and along with the hugs and cards and special dinners to celebrate Father's Day, be sure to remind ... June Is Men's Health Month. Our parents spend so much of their time taking care of us, it's easy to forget that they need to ... June is men's health month and along with the hugs and cards and special dinners to celebrate Father's Day, be sure to remind ... At age 35, men should have their cholesterol levels tested regularly.. *Men should have their cholesterol tested starting at 20 ...

*  DMOZ - Health: Men's Health: Sexuality

Sex Education for Men Articles on the anatomy and the sensuality of the male. Includes answers to questions men most frequently ... This site shows real men with real erections and educates men and women about reality versus pornography. ... Sexual health, technique, and relationship site dedicated to improving your overall sex life. ... Provides information, support and counselling to men who have been sexually abused in childhood or sexually assaulted as an ...'s_Health/Sexuality/

*  DMOZ - Health: Men's Health: Conditions and Diseases: Prostate: Hypertrophy

BPH issues and concerns, especially to the older male are covered and discussed. Includes the symptoms, treatment, do's and don'ts, sexual function, and research. ...'s_Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Prostate/Hypertrophy/

*  Men's Health | HealthLink BC

Provides links to topics that cover men's health issues. Includes info on birth control methods, benign prostatic hyperplasia, ... Learn about men's health. Men have a lot of unique health issues. Our topics can teach you about everything from hair loss to ... HealthLink BC, your provincial health line, is as close as your phone or the web any time of the day or night, every day of the ... You can speak with a health services navigator, who can also connect you with a: *registered nurse any time, every day of the ...

*  DMOZ - Health: Men's Health: Conditions and Diseases: Impotence: News and Articles

Men who walk two miles a day reduce risk of impotence and improved sexual function according to research. ...'s_Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Impotence/News_and_Articles/

*  The 10 Most Annoying Men's Health Issues and How to Fix Them | LIVESTRONG.COM

Guys, you certainly have your share of health concerns -- especially if you're genetically predisposed to... ... The 10 Most Annoying Men's Health Issues and How to Fix Them. by MICHELLE SPENCER Last Updated: Aug 30, 2017. Michelle Spencer ... What's a dapper, clean-shaven fellow to do? Here's a quick fix, according to Men's Health: "Rub either an aloe-based cortisone ... Patricia Sabb, M.D., an associate professor of ophthalmology at the University of Wisconsin, tells Men's Health, "When you ...

*  Envisioning and advancing marginalized men's health disparities scholarship: the marginality-cultural competence integrative...

... a substantive body of culturally competent scholarship about marginalized men's health disparities is needed to add knowl ... Given the current focus of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) on eliminating health disparities among minority populations ... Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice. Health Services Needs and Demand. Health Status*. Humans. Knowledge. Male. Men*. Models ... men's health, interventions, and clinical outcomes. Marginalized men in the United States suffer disproportionately from mental ...

*  Men's Health | The Brand Men Live By, For Fitness, Nutrition, Health, Sex, Style & Weight Loss Tips

Health 18 Best Supplements for Men. We found the fortifiers that will improve your health, brainpower, and sex life. By Laura ... Men's Health, The Brand Men Live By. Copyright © 2017 Rodale Inc. No reproduction, transmission or display is permitted without ... It has also been shown to help prevent cancer and can improve heart health. Dose: 890 mg/day green tea extract (containing 340 ... Men who took green-tea extract burned 17 percent more fat after moderate exercise than those taking placebos, according to one ... Away Your Asthma-_-Article-_-18 Best Supplements For Men RL

*  CAES NEWSWIRE | Men's Health.

Just take a look at the " 0060 2000 Report on the Status of Men's Health in Georgia: A Picture of Men's Health and Well-Being ... But some serious health issues remain that affect the well-being of men in Georgia. Those health concerns vary, depending on a ... on male health issues in the community.. To read more about the "2000 Report on the Status of Men's Health in Georgia" visit ... The comprehensive report details the health status of men in Georgia.. The report shows that overall life expectancy increased ...

*  Suburban Father Alliance: Moustaches and Men's Health

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*  DMOZ - Health: Men's Health: Procedures: Foreskin Restoration: Support Groups

NORM: National Organization of Restoring Men A non-profit support group for men concerned about circumcision and restoring ...'s_Health/Procedures/Foreskin_Restoration/Support_Groups/

*  DMOZ - Health: Men's Health: Conditions and Diseases: Impotence: Treatments: Oral Medications

New York Times article describing the big business of impotency research, product formulation and consumer marketing. (April 18, 2000) ...'s_Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Impotence/Treatments/Oral_Medications/

*  DMOZ - Health: Men's Health: Resources

Medline Plus: Men's Health Information resources about men's health including health conditions and risks that only affect men ... Men's Health on N.Y. Times Men's Health articles (as do all N.Y. Times online pieces) require you to register, free to read the ... BUPA - Men's Health Concise fact sheet on men's health, which can also be down loaded in Acrobat format. Brief discussion about ... The Men's Health Network An informational and educational organization recognizing men's health as a specific social concern ...'s_Health/Resources/

*  DMOZ - Health: Men's Health: Conditions and Diseases: Impotence: Bicycling-related

A presentation during a urology conference at the NYU Medical Center. Exploring the flaws in current studies on cycling and erectile dysfunction. ...'s_Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Impotence/Bicycling-related/

*  DMOZ - Health: Men's Health: Conditions and Diseases: Impotence: Resources

Fact sheet including illustrated information on the physiology of erection, causes of impotence, diagnosis, treatment and anticipated future treatment developments. ...'s_Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Impotence/Resources/

*  Men's Health -

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Gay Men's Health Crisis: The GMHC (formerly Gay Men's Health Crisis) is a New York City–based non-profit, volunteer-supported and community-based AIDS service organization whose mission statement is "end the AIDS epidemic and uplift the lives of all affected."Manhood for Amateurs: Manhood For Amateurs is a 2009 collection of essays by the American writer Michael Chabon.Jack London's San Francisco Stories: Jack London's San Francisco Stories is an anthology of Jack London short stories set in the San Francisco Bay Area. The book was edited by Matthew Asprey.Venous leak: Venous Leak, also called Venogenic Erectile Dysfunction and Penile Venous Insufficiency, is a cause of Erectile Dysfunction in males, often inflicting young men, unlike other organic causes of Erectile Dysfunction. Much about the venous leaks is still unknown and many aspects of the condition is highly controversial among the medical community.Sexual maturation disorderLifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Yamtuan Besar: Yamtuan Besar, also known as Yang di-Pertuan Besar, is the royal title of the ruler of the Malaysian state of Negeri Sembilan. The ruler of Negeri Sembilan is selected by a council of ruling chiefs in the state, or the datuk-datuk undang.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Global Health Delivery ProjectSan Diego County, California Probation: The San Diego County Probation Department is the body in San Diego County, California responsible for supervising convicted offenders in the community, either who are on probation, such as at the conclusion of their sentences, or while on community supervision orders.Health policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)CabazitaxelHalfdan T. MahlerBehavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Contraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.

(1/143) Preliminary development of a new individualised questionnaire measuring quality of life in older men with age-related hormonal decline: the A-RHDQoL.

BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in hormone replacement therapy to improve health and quality of life (QoL) of older men with age-related decline in hormone levels. This paper reports the preliminary development and evaluation of the psychometric properties of a new individualised questionnaire, the A-RHDQoL, measuring perceived impact of age-related hormonal decline on QoL of older men. A-RHDQoL design was based on the HDQoL for people with growth hormone (GH) deficiency and the ADDQoL (for diabetes). METHODS: Internal consistency reliability and some aspects of validity of the A-RHDQoL were investigated in a cross-sectional survey of 128 older men (age range: 64 - 80 yrs), being screened for inclusion in a trial of GH and testosterone (T) replacement, and who completed the A-RHDQoL once. Respondents rated personally applicable life domains for importance and impact of their hormonal decline. A single overview item measured present QoL. Serum levels of Insulin-like Growth Factor-I and total T were measured. RESULTS: Of the 24 A-RHDQoL domains, 21 were rated as relevant and important for older men. All domains were perceived as negatively impacted by hormonal decline. The most negatively impacted domains were: memory (-4.54 +/- 3.02), energy (-4.44 +/- 2.49), sex life (-4.34 +/- 3.08) and physical stamina (-4.29 +/- 2.41), (maximum range -9 to +9). The shorter 21-domain A-RHDQoL had high internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.935, N = 103) and applicable domains could be weighted and summed into an overall Average Weighted Impact score. The questionnaire was acceptable to the majority of respondents and content validity was good. The single overview item measuring present QoL correlated significantly with total T levels [r = 0.26, p <0.01, N = 114]. CONCLUSION: The new 21-item A-RHDQoL is an individualised questionnaire measuring perceived impact of age-related hormonal decline on the QoL of older men. The internal consistency reliability and content validity of the A-RHDQoL are established, but the measure is at an early stage of its development and its sensitivity to change and other psychometric properties need now to be evaluated in clinical trials of hormone replacement in older men.  (+info)

(2/143) The Aging Males' Symptoms (AMS) scale: review of its methodological characteristics.

BACKGROUND: The current paper reviews data from different sources to get a closer impression on the psychometric and other methodological characteristics of the Aging Males' Symptoms (AMS) scale gathered recently. The scale was designed and standardized as self-administered scale to (a) to assess symptoms of aging (independent from those which are disease-related) between groups of males under different conditions, (b) to evaluate the severity of symptoms over time, and (c) to measure changes pre- and post androgen replacement therapy. The scale is in widespread use (14 languages). METHOD: Original data from different studies in many countries were centrally analysed to evaluate reliability and validity of the AMS. RESULTS: Reliability measures (consistency and test-retest stability) were found to be good across countries, although the sample size was sometimes small. VALIDITY: The internal structure of the AMS in healthy and androgen deficient males, and across countries was sufficiently similar to conclude that the scale really measures the same phenomenon. The sub-scores and total score correlations were high (0.8-0.9) but lower among the sub-scales (0.5-0.7). This however suggests that the subscales are not fully independent. The comparison with other scales for aging males or screening instruments for androgen deficiency showed sufficiently good correlations, illustrating a good criterion-oriented validity. The same is true for the comparison with the generic quality-of-life scale SF36 where also high correlation coefficients have been shown. Methodological analyses of a treatment study of symptomatic males with testosterone demonstrated the ability of the AMS scale to measure treatment effect, irrespective of the severity of complaints before therapy. It was also shown that the AMS result can predict the independently generated (physician's) opinion about the individual treatment effect. CONCLUSION: The currently available methodological evidence points towards a high quality of the AMS scale to measure and to compare HRQoL of aging males over time or before/after treatment, it suggests a high reliability and high validity as far as the process of construct validation could be pressed ahead yet. But certainly more data will become available, particularly from ongoing clinical studies.  (+info)

(3/143) Do adults who believe in periodic health examinations receive more clinical preventive services?

BACKGROUND: Individuals who have periodic health examinations ("check-ups") with physicians even if they feel well have higher rates of screening and other preventive services than individuals who only see physicians when ill. This study assessed whether individuals' beliefs about the advisability of periodic health examinations contribute to the likelihood that they receive recommended clinical preventive services. METHODS: This study used data from a 2002-2003 telephone survey of adults in 150 rural counties in 8 states of the U.S. southeast. Weighted Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were used to assess associations between attitudes towards periodic health examinations and the receipt of preventative services. RESULTS: Of the 4879 respondents, 37% were African American, and 43% had annual household incomes of less than $25,000. A total of 8.5% (n=374) did not endorse periodic health examinations. Not endorsing periodic examinations was more common among subjects who were male, younger, white and had no health insurance. Compared to those who endorsed periodic examinations, persons who did not were less likely to have had a periodic examination (42% versus 80%, p<0.001) or mammogram (28% versus 60%, p<0.001) in the previous year, a Pap smear in past 3 years (74% versus 90%, p<0.001), a cholesterol check in the last 5 years (56% versus 81%, p<0.001) or to ever have had endoscopic screening (28% versus 48%, p<0.001). These rate differences remained after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics. CONCLUSION: People's beliefs about the value of periodic health examinations are associated with the likelihood that they receive recommended preventative services. Understanding individuals' beliefs about health, disease prevention and the role of physicians in prevention could lead to improved targeted interventions aimed at increasing uptake of preventative services.  (+info)

(4/143) Influence of socio-economic and lifestyle factors on overweight and nutrition-related diseases among Tunisian migrants versus non-migrant Tunisians and French.

BACKGROUND: Migrant studies in France revealed that Mediterranean migrant men have lower mortality and morbidity than local-born populations for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). We studied overweight and NCDs among Tunisian migrants compared to the population of the host country and to the population of their country of origin. We also studied the potential influence of socio-economic and lifestyle factors on differential health status. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to compare Tunisian migrant men with two non-migrant male groups: local-born French and Tunisians living in Tunisia, using frequency matching. We performed quota sampling (n = 147) based on age and place of residence. We used embedded logistic regression models to test socio-economic and lifestyle factors as potential mediators for the effect of migration on overweight, hypertension and reported morbidity (hypercholesterolemia, type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases (CVD)). RESULTS: Migrants were less overweight than French (OR = 0.53 [0.33-0.84]) and had less diabetes and CVD than Tunisians (0.18 [0.06-0.54] and 0.25 [0.07-0.88]). Prevalence of hypertension (grade-1 and -2) and prevalence of hypercholesterolemia were significantly lower among migrants than among French (respectively 0.06 [0.03-0.14]; 0.04 [0.01-0.15]; 0.11 [0.04-0.34]) and Tunisians (respectively OR = 0.07 [0.03-0.18]; OR = 0.06 [0.02-0.20]; OR = 0.23 [0.08-0.63]). The effect of migration on overweight was mediated by alcohol consumption. Healthcare utilisation, smoking and physical activity were mediators for the effect of migration on diabetes. The effect of migration on CVD was mediated by healthcare utilisation and energy intake. No obvious mediating effect was found for hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. CONCLUSION: Our study clearly shows that lifestyle (smoking) and cultural background (alcohol) are involved in the observed protective effect of migration.  (+info)

(5/143) Changes in body mass index by age, gender, and socio-economic status among a cohort of Norwegian men and women (1990-2001).

BACKGROUND: Consistent with global trends, the prevalence of obesity is increasing among Norwegian adults. This study aimed to investigate individual trends in BMI (kg/m2) by age, gender, and socio-economic status over an 11-year period. METHODS: A cohort of 1169 adults (n = 581 men; n = 588 women) self-reported BMI during a general health interview twice administered in two regions in Norway. RESULTS: Average BMI increased significantly from 23.7 (SD = 3.4) to 25.4 (SD = 3.8), with equivalent increases for both genders. Proportion of obesity (BMI > or = 30) increased from 4% to 11% for women and 5% to 13% for men. Of those already classified as overweight or obese in 1990, 68% had gained additional weight 10 years later, by an average increase of 2.6 BMI units. The greatest amount of weight gain occurred for the youngest adults (aged 20-29 years). Age-adjusted general linear models revealed that in 1990, women with a lower level of education had a significantly greater BMI than more educated women. In both 1990 and 2001, rural men with the highest level of household income had a greater BMI than rural men earning less income. Weight gain occurred across all education and income brackets, with no differential associations between SES strata and changes in BMI for either gender or region. CONCLUSION: Results demonstrated significant yet gender-equivalent increases in BMI over an 11-year period within this cohort of Norwegian adults. Whereas socio-economic status exerted minimal influence on changes in BMI over time, young adulthood appeared to be a critical time period at which accelerated weight gain occurred.  (+info)

(6/143) Primary DNA damage and genetic polymorphisms for CYP1A1, EPHX and GSTM1 in workers at a graphite electrode manufacturing plant.

BACKGROUND: The results of a cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate whether genetic polymorphisms (biomarkers of susceptibility) for CYP1A1, EPHX and GSTM1 genes that affect polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) activation and detoxification might influence the extent of primary DNA damage (biomarker of biologically effective dose) in PAH exposed workers are presented. PAH-exposure of the study populations was assessed by determining the concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene (1OHP) in urine samples (biomarker of exposure dose). METHODS: The exposed group consisted of workers (n = 109) at a graphite electrode manufacturing plant, occupationally exposed to PAH. Urinary 1OHP was measured by HPLC. Primary DNA damage was evaluated by the alkaline comet assay in peripheral blood leukocytes. Genetic polymorphisms for CYP1A1, EPHX and GSTM1 were determined by PCR or PCR/RFLP analysis. RESULTS: 1OHP and primary DNA damage were significantly higher in electrode workers compared to reference subjects. Moreover, categorization of subjects as normal or outlier highlighted an increased genotoxic risk OR = 2.59 (CI95% 1.32-5.05) associated to exposure to PAH. Polymorphisms in EPHX exons 3 and 4 was associated to higher urinary concentrations of 1OHP, whereas none of the genotypes analyzed (CYP1A1, EPHX, and GSTM1) had any significant influence on primary DNA damage as evaluated by the comet assay. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of the present study show that molecular epidemiology approaches (i.e. cross-sectional studies of genotoxicity biomarkers) can play a role in identifying common genetic risk factors, also attempting to associate the effects with measured exposure data. Moreover, categorization of subjects as normal or outlier allowed the evaluation of the association between occupational exposure to PAH and DNA damage highlighting an increased genotoxic risk.  (+info)

(7/143) Perceptions of the neighbourhood environment and self rated health: a multilevel analysis of the Caerphilly Health and Social Needs Study.

BACKGROUND: In this study we examined whether (1) the neighbourhood aspects of access to amenities, neighbourhood quality, neighbourhood disorder, and neighbourhood social cohesion are associated with people's self rated health, (2) these health effects reflect differences in socio-demographic composition and/or neighbourhood deprivation, and (3) the associations with the different aspects of the neighbourhood environment vary between men and women. METHODS: Data from the cross-sectional Caerphilly Health and Social Needs Survey were analysed using multilevel modelling, with individuals nested within enumeration districts. In this study we used the responses of people under 75 years of age (n = 10,892). The response rate of this subgroup was 62.3%. All individual responses were geo-referenced to the 325 census enumeration districts of Caerphilly county borough. RESULTS: The neighbourhood attributes of poor access to amenities, poor neighbourhood quality, neighbourhood disorder, lack of social cohesion, and neighbourhood deprivation were associated with the reporting of poor health. These effects were attenuated when controlling for individual and collective socio-economic status. Lack of social cohesion significantly increased the odds of women reporting poor health, but did not increase the odds of men reporting poor health. In contrast, unemployment significantly affected men's health, but not women's health. CONCLUSION: This study shows that different aspects of the neighbourhood environment are associated with people's self rated health, which may partly reflect the health impacts of neighbourhood socio-economic status. The findings further suggest that the social environment is more important for women's health, but that individual socio-economic status is more important for men's health.  (+info)

(8/143) All-cause mortality and risk factors in a cohort of retired military male veterans, Xi'an, China: an 18-year follow up study.

BACKGROUND: Risk factors of all-cause mortality have not been reported in Chinese retired military veterans. The objective of the study was to examine the risk factors and proportional mortality in a Chinese retired military male cohort. METHODS: A total of 1268 retired military men aged 55 or older were examined physically and interviewed using a standard questionnaire in 1987. The cohort was followed up every two years and the study censored date was June30, 2005 with a follow-up of up to 18 years. Death certificates were obtained from hospitals and verified by two senior doctors. Data were entered (double entry) by Foxbase, and analysis was carried out by SAS for Windows 8.2. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to compute hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: The total person-years of follow-up was 18766.28. Of the initial cohort of 1268 men, 491 had died, 748 were alive and 29 were lost to follow up. Adjusted mortality (adjusted for age, blood pressure, body mass index, cholesterol, triglycerides, alcohol, exercise, and existing disease) was 2,616 per 100,000 person years. The proportional mortality of cancer, vascular disease and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) were 39.71%, 28.10% and 16.90% respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that age, cigarettes per day, systolic blood pressure, triglyceride, family history of diseases (hypertension, stroke and cancer), existing diseases (stroke, diabetes and cancer), body mass index, and age of starting smoking were associated with all-cause mortality, HR (95%CI) was1.083(1.062-1.104), 1.026(1.013-1.039), 1.009(1.003-1.015), 1.002(1.001-1.003), 1.330(1.005-1.759), 1.330(1.005-1.759), 1.444(1.103-1.890), 2.237(1.244-4.022), 1.462(1.042-2.051), 2.079(1.051-4.115), 0.963(0.931-0.996)and 0.988(0.978-0.999)respectively. Compared with never-smokers, current smokers had increased risks of total mortality [HR 1.369(1.083-1.731)], CHD [HR 1.805 (1.022-3.188)], and lung cancer [HR 2.939 (1.311-6.585)]. CONCLUSION: The three leading causes of diseases were cancer, CHD and stroke, and COPD. Aging, cigarette smoking, high systolic blood pressure, high triglyceride, family history of cancer, hypertension and stroke, existing cases recovering from stroke, diabetes and cancer, underweight, younger age of smoking were risk factors for all-cause mortality. Quitting cigarette smoking, maintaining normal blood pressure, triglyceride and weight are effect control strategies to prevent premature mortality in this military cohort.  (+info)

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