Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Meat Products: Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).Cooking: The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.Meat-Packing Industry: The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Food Preservation: Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.Food Quality: Ratings of the characteristics of food including flavor, appearance, nutritional content, and the amount of microbial and chemical contamination.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Abattoirs: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Food Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Diet, Vegetarian: Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Heterocyclic Compounds: Ring compounds having atoms other than carbon in their nuclei. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Refrigeration: The mechanical process of cooling.Food Storage: Keeping food for later consumption.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Amines: A group of compounds derived from ammonia by substituting organic radicals for the hydrogens. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Sus scrofa: A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.UruguayFood Parasitology: The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.Food Irradiation: Treatment of food with RADIATION.Turkeys: Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.Mutagens: Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.

*  Prevalence of Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Escherichia coli on the external packaging of raw meat.

3,662 prepackaged raw meat samples were collected to evaluate the extent and nature of microbiological contamination on ... Meat / microbiology, standards. Salmonella / isolation & purification*. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National ... Escherichia coli (an indicator of fecal contamination) was isolated from the external packaging on 4% of the raw meat samples ... During September and October 2002, 3,662 prepackaged raw meat samples were collected to evaluate the extent and nature of ...

*  Cooking For Engineers :: View topic - The malliard reaction when searing a piece of meat

The meat that is out of the water will brown over time, that in the cooking liquid will not. However, if the meat is turned, ... The malliard reaction when searing a piece of meat. Goto page Previous 1, 2. ... A braise is (usually) a meat cooked on the bone (ie whole piece, rather than cut up) in a little water and a little fat. The ... but even this stretched form of the word includes only fruits and vegetables... under no circumstance can you caramelize meat. ...

*  Meat selection no preservatives - meat selection recommended by our chef - Le village : gourmet food's meat selection includes duck meat, pork meat, lamb meat, game and venison, poultry, escargot / snail meat and ... meat selection recommended by our chef. Buy a wide selection of meat online from! Our meat selection has been ... Since 1997, this finest and healthiest meat selection can be delivered at your doorsteps within 24 hours. ...'s meat selection includes duck meat, pork meat, lamb meat, game and venison, poultry, escargot / snail meat and ...

*  Turkey, young hen, dark meat, meat only, cooked, roasted Nutrition

... meat only, cooked, roasted Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become ... Long Description: Turkey, young hen, dark meat, meat only, cooked, roasted. Short Description: TURKEY,YOUNG HEN,DK MEAT,MEAT ... meat only, cooked, roasted Nutrition. This page is all about the nutrition of Turkey, young hen, dark meat, meat only, cooked, ... Turkey, young hen, dark meat, meat only, cooked, roasted Nutrition Information - Full Details. All values shown in the detailed ...

*  Red Meat, Family History, and Increased Risk of Gastric Cancer with Microsatellite Instability | Cancer Research

On the other hand, dietary haem, the iron carrier found in red meat, has recently been suggested as a link between red meat ... The risk of MSI+ tumors was positively associated with high consumption of red meat and meat sauce and negatively associated ... whereas white meat consumption showed an inverse association. The risk associated with red meat consumption was especially ... The dietary profile associated with MSI+ tumors featured a high consumption of red meat and meat sauce as well as nitrites, ...

*  Beef, ground, 80% lean meat / 20% fat, crumbles, cooked, pan-browned Nutrition

... lean meat / 20% fat, crumbles, cooked, pan-browned Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to ... 1 portion ( yield from 1/2 lb raw meat ) (149 g). Overall Daily Recommended Values (RDA). Vitamin A: 0 out of 2310 IU. Vitamin ... Beef, ground, 80% lean meat / 20% fat, crumbles, cooked, pan-browned Nutrition Information - Full Details. All values shown in ... Beef, ground, 80% lean meat / 20% fat, crumbles, cooked, pan-browned. Food Group: Beef Products. Long Description: Beef, ground ...

*  Irradiation of Food | Harbingers of the Apocalypse

The off-flavor was much less pronounced in the interior of the meat, which would fit with the fact that x-rays and ion-beams ... Sometime in 2004, we started getting red meat with a strong "singed hair" flavor, an unmistakable sign of gamma irradiation. ... labeling regulations have lots of loopholes, but certainly things like fresh meat and vegetables should be labeled with the ... but have most certainly purchased irradiated meat and vegetables in the supermarket. So, they are not telling us, and the rest ...

*  Halal Beef Meat, Halal Beef Meat Suppliers and Manufacturers at

Wholesale Various High Quality Halal Beef Meat Products from Global Halal Beef Meat Suppliers and Halal Beef Meat Factory, ... meat halal meat beef meat fresh meat frozen meat buffalo meat frozen beef meat dried meat mutton meat bison meat halal deer ... processed meat manufacturer pork meat vendor meat cutting machine exporter meat dropshipping halal meat merchandise canned meat ... importer beef meat trade goat meat factory wholesale lamb meat mdm meat supplier See more Food & Beverage , Meat & Poultry , ...

*  Mom at the Meat Counter: It turned to the DARK SIDE: Why did my meat turn brown?

Labels: Beef, brown meat, discolored meat, food safety, ground beef, hamburger, label, meat color, red meat, spoiled meat, ... Mom at the Meat Counter I am Janeal Yancey. I have a Ph.D. in meat science, but I am also just a Mom trying to raise two crazy ... So it was probably the marinade that caused the meat to turn brown.. 4. Freezing. Sometimes freezing meat can cause the color ... Warning: nerdy meat scientist answer) This one is a little more complicated. When the meat turns red, the oxygen really only ...

*  Factors influencing colour variation and oxidative stability of South African game meat species

There is currently only limited research available on the meat quality of game meat. Meat colour is important as it is the sole ... Discoloured meat is often discounted, resulting in a loss of profits. Thus, maintaining the bright red colour of meat is ... No such guidelines are currently available and research on meat quality of South African game meat is thus required to ... Consumers prefer meat which is bright red in colour as they perceive it to be fresher, more wholesome and of higher quality ...

*  Nutrients in Pork, fresh, loin, sirloin (chops or roasts), boneless, separable lean only, raw natural


*  What Is Freeze-Dried Meat? (with pictures)

Freeze-dried meat is a type of meat that has undergone a process that uses cold to kill the bacteria in it. The pros and cons ... Though freezing the meat is involved in the process of making freeze-dried meat, the resulting product does not need to be ... A special process then lightly heats the meat while it is vacuumed-packed. This results in the moisture of the meat freezing ... According to the Be Prepared Web site, maintained by freeze-dried meat manufacturer Emergency Essentials®, dehydrating meat ...

*  After Budgens sells squirrel meat: Top squirrel meat recipes | Metro News

... is selling squirrel meat at £3 a pop. So here we've rustled up some squirrel meat recipes, just in case you fancy taking the ... Dredge meat and coat well. Heat shortening in a heavy skillet; brown meat slowly on all sides to a rich brown (about 15 minutes ... After Budgens sells squirrel meat: Top squirrel meat recipes. Ted ThornhillThursday 29 Jul 2010 10:30 am. ... Budgens in Crouch End, London, is selling squirrel meat at £3 a pop. So here we've rustled up some squirrel meat recipes, just ...

*  Meat intake not linked to breast cancer | Reuters

A large study has found no link between eating meat -- total meat, red meat, processed meat, or meat cooked at high ... red meat, white meat, processed meat, or meat cooked at high temperatures, or level of doneness of the meat. ... "do not support the hypothesis that a high intake of meat, red meat, processed meat, meat cooked at high temperatures, or meat ... NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A large study has found no link between eating meat -- total meat, red meat, processed meat, or ...

*  Polymorphisms of the bovine chemokine receptor-like 1 gene and their associations with meat quality traits in Qinchuan cattle ...

Polymorphisms of the bovine chemokine receptor-like 1 gene and their associations with meat quality traits in Qinchuan cattle ( ... Polymorphisms of the bovine chemokine receptor-like 1 gene and their associations with meat quality traits in Qinchuan cattle ( ... Polymorphisms of the bovine chemokine receptor-like 1 gene and their associations with meat quality traits in Qinchuan cattle ( ... Furthermore, meat quality traits in another 80 Qinchuan individuals were analyzed by the comparison between the genotypes and ...

*  What Can I Eat on a No Carb Diet? (with Pictures) | eHow

Protein from meat can be eaten for breakfast, lunch and dinner, and can be prepared any way you'd like. Grilling meat is a ... Poultry, veal, venison, bison meat, lamb and pork are all meat varieties that contain no carbohydrates, but can be high in ... Meat. Most meats are high in protein and low on carbohydrates. The U.S. Department of Agriculture states that beef such as ... steak tips and hamburger meat can be eaten on a zero-carb diet. ...

*  LEM Products Ground Meat Packaging System | Sportsman's Warehouse

This accessory kit come with everything you'll need to package your meat for the freezer after grinding. - Sportsman's ... LEM Products Ground Meat Packaging System - This accessory kit come with everything you'll need to package your meat for the ... LEM Products Ground Meat Packaging System - This accessory kit come with everything you'll need to package your meat for the ... I bought this kit for my husband, and he absolutely loves it and I do as well, because it is easy to label the meat and the ...

*  Red Meat May Cause Heart Disease by Disrupting Gut Bacteria | WIRED

A complicated dance between the microbes and a component of red meat could help explain how the food might cause ... Red meat is considered bad news when it comes to heart health, although studies aren't consistent about how much can hurt and ... This hinted that people who eat lots of red meat might be especially efficient at converting L-carnitine to TMAO and that ... Inconsistencies also remain about how harmful red meat really is. That said, although more work needs to be done to tease apart ...

*  Meat

all things that are more than needful, both in money and meat, should be kept in storehouse, D&C 51:13. ... bring tithes into storehouse, that there may be meat in the Lord's house, 3 Ne. 24:10 (Mal. 3:10). ... to man and beasts are given herbs and fruit for meat, Moses 2:29-30 (Abr. 4:29-30). ... people of Lehi1 live on raw meat in wilderness, 1 Ne. 17:2. ... world cannot bear meat now, but must receive milk, D&C 19:22. ...

*  Meat-Locker

... Ryan Farr and Taylor Boetticher will be at it again, this time they are going to HANG and butcher a 21 day aged ... They will also bring there meat grinder and make fresh hamburgers from the slab. In addition to the forequarter, we will be ... They will demonstrate there fine art of butchery, and then immediately throw shanks of meat on the grill for everyones ...

*  Uncle Meat - Wikipedia

Freak Out! · Absolutely Free · We're Only in It for the Money · Lumpy Gravy · Cruising with Ruben & the Jets · Uncle Meat · Hot ... EN) Uncle Meat, su MusicBrainz, MetaBrainz Foundation.. *. (EN) Steve Huey, Uncle Meat - Frank Zappa,The Mothers of Invention, ... Bickford · Uncle Meat · The Torture Never Stops. Voci correlate. Gail Zappa · Moon Unit Zappa · Dweezil Zappa · Ahmet Zappa · ... Uncle Meat, pubblicato nel 1969, è il sesto album di Frank Zappa (il quinto con le "sue" Mothers of Invention). ...

*  Meat Dress | Inhabitots

Gaga GooGoo: Lady Gaga Launches a Spoof Babywear Line That Includes a Mini Meat Dress. *by Yuka Yoneda ...

*  fake meat : NPR

fake meat

*  fake meat : NPR

Saving The Planet, One Burger At A Time: This Juicy Patty Is Meat-Free. Listen · 5:36 5:36. ... Saving The Planet, One Burger At A Time: This Juicy Patty Is Meat-Free. February 11, 2017 Pat Brown was a renowned biomedical ... But the market is still a few steps behind plant-based products for meat and dairy. ...

*  synthetic meat : NPR

synthetic meat

White meat: White meat or light meat refers to the lighter-colored meat of poultry as contrasted with dark meat. In a more general sense, white meat may also refer to any lighter-colored meat, as contrasted with red meats like beef and some types of game.Bologna sausageGentle frying: Gentle frying or low-temperature frying is an oil- or fat-based cooking method used for relatively fragile or starchy foods.fissler.Meat Industry Association of New ZealandCharlotte Canning, Countess Canning: Charlotte Canning, Countess Canning (31 March 1817–18 November 1861), one of the most prolific women artists in India, was the wife of Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning. Two portfolios in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London contain some three hundred and fifty watercolours by her, the result of four major tours in India.Mayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.British Poultry Standard: [Poultry Standard.png|thumb|right|The front cover of the 6th Edition of the British Poultry Standards.SAFE FOODSJet aeratorsMaster StrokeSubtherapeutic antibiotic use in swine: Antibiotics are commonly used in commercial swine production in the United States and around the world. They are used for disease treatment, disease prevention and control, and growth promotion.Timeline of agriculture and food technology: ==Paleolithic==Beef cattle: Beef cattle are cattle raised for meat production (as distinguished from dairy cattle, used for milk production). The meat of adult cattle is known as beef.Self-heating food packaging: Self-heating food packaging (SHFP) is active packaging with the ability to heat food contents without external heat sources or power. Packets typically use an exothermic chemical reaction.Chicken as biological research model: Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) and their eggs have been used extensively as research models throughout the history of biology. Today they continue to serve as an important model for normal human biology as well as pathological disease processes.Vegetarian cuisine: Vegetarian cuisine is based on food that meets vegetarian standards by not including meat and animal tissue products (such as gelatin or animal derived rennet). For lacto-ovo vegetarianism (the most common type of vegetarianism in the Western world), eggs and dairy products such as milk and cheese are permitted.Plant breedingDry matter: The dry matter (or otherwise known as dry weight) is a measurement of the mass of something when completely dried.Heterocyclic amine: Heterocyclic amines, also sometime referred to as HCAs, are chemical compounds containing at least one heterocyclic ring, which by definition has atoms of at least two different elements, as well as at least one amine (nitrogen-containing) group. Typically it is a nitrogen atom of an amine group that also makes the ring heterocyclic (e.Vaccine vial monitor: A vaccine vial monitor (VVM) is a thermochromic label put on vials containing vaccines which gives a visual indication of whether the vaccine has been kept at a temperature which preserves its potency. The labels were designed in response to the problem of delivering vaccines to developing countries where the cold chain is difficult to preserve, and where formerly vaccines were being rendered inactive and administered ineffectively due to their having been denatured by exposure to ambient temperature.Food storage container: Food storage containers are widespread in use throughout the world and have probably been in use since the first human civilisations.College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand: The College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand was founded in 1964. It is a part of AAU, Anand, Gujarat, India.Organic base: An organic base is an organic compound which acts as a base. Organic bases are usually, but not always, proton acceptors.Vegetable juiceMidland Uruguay Railway: The Midland Uruguay Railway was the second most important of five rail lines in Uruguay's early rail history. The other four systems were the Central Uruguay Railway Co.Ground turkey: The Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry published that ground turkey or minced Turkey is a mixture of dark and light turkey meat with remaining skin and visible fatWong, Michael K., Wong, Michael K.Mutagen: In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level. As many mutations can cause cancer, mutagens are therefore also likely to be carcinogens.Castleberry's Food Company: Castleberry's Food Company was an Augusta, Georgia-based canned food company founded in the 1920s by Clement Stewart Castleberry with the help of his father Clement Lamar Castleberry and closed permanently in March 2008 by the United States Food and Drug Administration.

(1/4316) Lead and mercury residues in kidney and liver of Canadian slaughter animals.

Liver and kidney samples were collected from Canadian slaughter animals during the winter of 1973-1974. A total of 256 samples were analyzed for lead. Mean lead levels of 1.02 ppm in poultry liver, 1.04 ppm in bovine liver, 1.02 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.73 ppm in pork liver and 0.85 ppm in pork kidney were found. A total of 265 samples were analyzed for mercury. Mean mercury levels of 0.003 ppm in poultry liver, 0.007 ppm in bovine liver, 0.008 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.001 ppm in pork liver and 0.013 ppm in pork kidney were found. All levels detected were below the Canadian official tolerance of 2 ppm for lead and administrative tolerance of 0.5 ppm for mercury.  (+info)

(2/4316) The determination of hemoglobin and myoglogin residues as a parameter for testing heat exposure in back bacon.

The use of an extraction of the heme pigments hemoglobin and myoglobin as a test for the heat exposure of back bacon was investigated by treating back bacon at varying temperatures of 50-70 degrees C and times of two to 180 minutes and observing the effect on the absorbance of heme pigment residue after nitrite oxidation. Absorbance at 409 nm was used in place of the more usual 540 nm to provide greater sensitivity in the detection of heme. A decrease in residual heme pigments was time-dependent, particularly at lower temperatures. In view of this factor and the complex nature of the heat exposure of a large block of back bacon, the application of this test would require a calibration of each process. Alternatively, limits to the amounts of heme pigment residue could be set. The heme pigment test is useful in its simplicity and overcomes difficulties associated with the coagulation and enzyme tests.  (+info)

(3/4316) Augmentation of killing of Escherichia coli O157 by combinations of lactate, ethanol, and low-pH conditions.

The acid tolerance of Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains can be overcome by addition of lactate, ethanol, or a combination of the two agents. Killing can be increased by as much as 4 log units in the first 5 min of incubation at pH 3 even for the most acid-tolerant isolates. Exponential-phase, habituated, and stationary-phase cells are all sensitive to incubation with lactate and ethanol. Killing correlates with disruption of the capacity for pH homeostasis. Habituated and stationary-phase cells can partially offset the effects of the lowering of cytoplasmic pH.  (+info)

(4/4316) Effect of meat (beef, chicken, and bacon) on rat colon carcinogenesis.

High intake of red meat or processed meat is associated with increased risk of colon cancer. In contrast, consumption of white meat (chicken) is not associated with risk and might even reduce the occurrence of colorectal cancer. We speculated that a diet containing beef or bacon would increase and a diet containing chicken would decrease colon carcinogenesis in rats. One hundred female Fischer 344 rats were given a single injection of azoxymethane (20 mg/kg i.p.), then randomized to 10 different AIN-76-based diets. Five diets were adjusted to 14% fat and 23% protein and five other diets to 28% fat and 40% protein. Fat and protein were supplied by 1) lard and casein, 2) olive oil and casein, 3) beef, 4) chicken with skin, and 5) bacon. Meat diets contained 30% or 60% freeze-dried fried meat. The diets were given ad libitum for 100 days, then colon tumor promotion was assessed by the multiplicity of aberrant crypt foci [number of crypts per aberrant crypt focus (ACF)]. The ACF multiplicity was nearly the same in all groups, except bacon-fed rats, with no effect of fat and protein level or source (p = 0.7 between 8 groups by analysis of variance). In contrast, compared with lard- and casein-fed controls, the ACF multiplicity was reduced by 12% in rats fed a diet with 30% bacon and by 20% in rats fed a diet with 60% bacon (p < 0.001). The water intake was higher in bacon-fed rats than in controls (p < 0.0001). The concentrations of iron and bile acids in fecal water and total fatty acids in feces changed with diet, but there was no correlation between these concentrations and the ACF multiplicity. Thus the hypothesis that colonic iron, bile acids, or total fatty acids can promote colon tumors is not supported by this study. The results suggest that, in rats, beef does not promote the growth of ACF and chicken does not protect against colon carcinogenesis. A bacon-based diet appears to protect against carcinogenesis, perhaps because bacon contains 5% NaCl and increased the rats' water intake.  (+info)

(5/4316) Injection site survey in Canadian-fed cattle: spring 1997.

A 2nd injection site survey was conducted during the spring of 1997 in Canadian-fed beef. The prevalence of lesions was 13.3% in top butts, 23.1% in blades, 9.1% in eye of rounds, 7.5% in outside rounds, and 1.4% in inside rounds. Losses were $8.05/head processed or $17 million annually.  (+info)

(6/4316) Evaluation of life-cycle herd efficiency in cow-calf systems of beef production.

A deterministic beef efficiency model (BEM) was used to evaluate life-cycle herd efficiency (LCHE) in cow-calf beef production systems using four breed groups of beef cattle. The breed groups were Beef Synthetic #1 (SY1), Beef Synthetic #2 (SY2), Dairy Synthetic (DS), and purebred Hereford (HE). The LCHE was defined over the lifetime of the herd as the ratio of total output (lean meat equivalent) to total input (feed equivalent). Breed differences in LCHE were predicted with the larger/slower maturing DS being most efficient at each age of herd disposal and reproductive rate. This was mainly because, at any average age at culling, the dams of DS breed group were less mature and so had been carrying relatively lower maintenance loads for shorter periods and positively influencing LCHE. Higher LCHE was predicted with improvement in reproductive performance if there were no associated extra costs. However, this declined markedly if there was a delay in marketing of offspring. As average age at culling increased from 4 to 6 yr, efficiency declined sharply, but it began to recover beyond this age in most breed groups. We concluded that the slower maturing DS breed group may be more efficient on a herd basis in cow-calf systems and that improvements in reproductive rate not associated with extra costs improve life-cycle efficiency. Culling cows soon after their replacements are produced seems efficient.  (+info)

(7/4316) Structural changes in intramuscular connective tissue during the fattening of Japanese black cattle: effect of marbling on beef tenderization.

We investigated changes in structures and mechanical properties of the intramuscular connective tissue during the fattening of Japanese Black steers, using the cell maceration method for scanning electron microscopy. During the early fattening period, from 9 to 20 mo of age, collagen fibrils of the endomysium in longissimus muscle associated more closely with each other, and collagen fibers in the perimysium increased in thickness and their wavy pattern became more regular. These changes were closely related to the increase in mechanical strength of the intramuscular connective tissue and resulted in a toughening of the beef during the period. The shear force value of longissimus muscle decreased after 20 mo of age, concomitantly with the rapid increase in the crude fat content. Scanning electron micrographs of the longissimus muscle dissected from 32-mo-old steers clearly showed that the adipose tissues were formed between muscle fiber bundles, that the honeycomb structure of endomysia was partially broken, and that the perimysium separated into thinner collagen fibers. In semitendinosus muscle, in which the crude fat content was lower (P<.05) than that in longissimus muscle, the structure of the intramuscular connective tissue remained rigid at 32 mo of age. The shear force value of the muscle increased even in the late fattening period, from 20 to 32 mo of age. Thus, the development of adipose tissues in longissimus muscle appears to disorganize the structure of the intramuscular connective tissue and contributes to tenderization of highly marbled beef from Japanese Black cattle during the late fattening period.  (+info)

(8/4316) Accuracy of application of USDA beef quality and yield grades using the traditional system and the proposed seven-grade yield grade system.

Beef carcasses (n = 5,542) were evaluated by three USDA on-line graders and compared with the computed expert USDA quality (QG) and yield grades (YG) during 8-h shifts at a major beef-processing facility for a 2-wk period to evaluate the accuracy of applying USDA QG and YG within the traditional five-grade and the proposed seven-grade (segregating YG 2 and 3 into YG 2A, 2B, 3A, and 3B) YG systems. Quality grade distribution of the carcasses was 1.1% Prime, 50.0% Choice, 43.8% Select, and 5.1% No-Roll. Accuracy of applying QG was not affected (P>.05) by changing from the five-grade (91.5%) to either the seven-grade system, when determining only QG (94.3%), or the seven-grade system, when determining QG and YG (95.0%). Calculated expert YG successfully segregated carcasses into their respective YG, but on-line graders could not differentiate between YG 4 and 5 in the seven-grade systems. The application of YG in the five-grade system was more accurate (P<.05) than either of the seven-grade systems. A trend existed for on-line graders to undergrade carcasses as the numerical YG increased. Total accuracy of applying YG decreased by 19.4 to 21.8% when switching from the five-grade to the seven-grade system. The segmentation of USDA YG 2 and 3 into YG 2A, 2B, 3A, and 3B resulted in a decrease in the ability of on-line graders to accurately apply the YG.  (+info)


  • Marvin Lee Aday is a singer and occasional actor who, for reasons never definitively answered, has recorded under the name Meat Loaf. (
  • Meat Loaf was born in Dallas, Texas. (
  • The product of a family of gospel singers, he moved to Los Angeles in 1967 and formed a group known as both Meat Loaf Soul and Popcorn Blizzard. (
  • The band earned some renown through opening gigs in support of the Who, the Stooges, and Ted Nugent before Meat Loaf won a role in a West Coast production of the musical Hair. (
  • During a tour stop in Detroit, he and a fellow castmate named Stoney teamed to record the 1971 LP Stoney & Meat Loaf for Motown's Rare Earth imprint. (
  • After a tenure in the off-Broadway production Rainbow (In New York), Meat Loaf earned a slot in More Than You Deserve, a musical written by classically trained pianist Jim Steinman. (
  • An appearance in the cult film The Rocky Horror Picture Show followed, and in 1976 Meat Loaf also handled vocal duties on one side of Nugent's LP Free-for-All. (
  • Soon, Meat Loaf reteamed with Steinman for a tour with the National Lampoon road show, after which Steinman began composing a musical update of the Peter Pan story titled Never Land. (
  • Ultimately, much of what Steinman composed for Never Land became absorbed into 1977's Bat Out of Hell, the album that made Meat Loaf a star. (
  • After Meat Loaf released his own follow-up, Dead Ringer, rumors began flying, and it was reported that Loaf had been unable to record the Steinman album songs due to physical and emotional problems. (
  • Eventually, Steinman filed suit against Meat Loaf and his label, Epic, and none of his songs appeared on the 1983 Meat Loaf effort Midnight at the Lost and Found. (
  • After several years in relative obscurity, Meat Loaf and Steinman reunited in 1993 for Bat Out of Hell II: Back into Hell, which continued the original's story line and duplicated its thunderous sound. (
  • The career-long concert compilation Live Around the World followed one year later, but Meat Loaf released no more new material until well into the 2000s. (
  • Finally, two decades after their last collaboration, Meat Loaf and Steinman reunited to work on his 13th studio album, Braver Than We Are. (
  • Flavored with spicy tomato salsa and crushed corn tortillas, this simple meat loaf makes dinner for a family of four with enough left over for sandwiches the next day. (
  • do not overmix or meat loaf will be tough. (
  • Bake meat loaf 1 hour or until temperature on meat thermometer inserted in center of meat loaf reaches 160 degrees F. Let meat loaf stand 10 minutes for easier slicing. (

prevents meat

  • Harmonisation ensures that the same requirements for introduction of meat products are applied in all the Member States, and prevents meat products that may carry infectious diseases that are dangerous for livestock or humans from entering the EU territory. (
  • The bone also conducts heat within the meat so that it cooks more evenly and prevents meat drying out and shrinking during cooking. (


  • They will demonstrate there fine art of butchery, and then immediately throw shanks of meat on the grill for everyones enjoyment. (
  • Eat lower on the food chain - take advantage of the whole animal by using off-cuts of meat that others might pass up, such as beef shanks or lamb's necks, and try cooking the less popular small, oily fish, such as mackerel and sardines that don't extract such an environmental cost compared with high-end fish such as salmon. (


  • But the market is still a few steps behind plant-based products for meat and dairy. (
  • Meat products are defined in Annex I of Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 as processed products, resulting from the processing of meat or from the further processing of such processed products, so that the cut surface shows that the product no longer has the characteristics of fresh meat. (
  • According to the risk they may represent, such meat products are exempt from the public health requirements but must fulfill the animal health requirements. (
  • The non-EU country must fulfill certain requirements to be authorised for the introduction of meat products. (
  • Before a non-EU country is authorised to introduce meat products into the EU, the EU Commission may carry out an audit to verify that all the criteria provided for under EU legislation are properly fulfilled. (
  • A non-EU country must be listed in that Decision before exporting meat products into the EU. (
  • This Decision contains details of any animal health requirements, the treating requirements for their manufacture and the appropriate veterinary certificate models which are required to ensure that meat products can be introduced safely into the EU. (
  • The specific treatment requirements during the manufacture of meat products to minimise potential disease risks, are laid down for each non-EU country, based on an assessment of the specific disease situation, the animal species and disease agent concerned. (
  • For example, if a non-EU country or zone is already authorised for the introduction of fresh meat without any additional guarantee from a certain species, then, in principle, no additional treatment requirements need to be specified during the manufacture of meat products in order to authorise the introduction into the EU. (
  • On the contrary, if the animal health risks in a non-EU country or zone are considered to be comparatively high, or the non-EU country is not listed for the introduction into the EU of fresh meat, then meat products will only be authorised for the introduction into the EU, if they have undergone an appropriate treatment regime. (
  • All imports of meat products into the EU must come from an approved establishment that has been authorised and listed for that purpose. (
  • The presence of bones may make meat products more bulky, irregular in shape, and difficult to pack. (


  • They will also bring there meat grinder and make fresh hamburgers from the slab. (
  • Mission: Investigation ) aired a number of secretly recorded video tapes of employees at four featured Maxi ICA Hypermarkets relabeling out-of-date ground meat , as well as grinding down other forms of meat past their 'best before' date to make ground meat (mince). (
  • However, bones can sometimes be used as handles to make the meat easier to eat. (


  • In the 16th Century, the English gentry revived the ancient custom of meat pies. (


  • Prosecutors have launched a criminal investigation into four stores in the ICA supermarket chain, after a television documentary aired on December 5, 2007, revealed that they had repackaged out-of-date ground meat and put it back on the shelves in four of the largest hypermarkets in Sweden . (


  • Pensato come colonna sonora di un omonimo film che non vide tuttavia la luce prima del 1987 , Uncle Meat è considerato un importante passo discografico di Frank Zappa verso il jazz e la musica classica . (
  • I always suspected that like a Zombie was gonna come eat the meat, or a car was gonna run it over, but it never happened so I'm disappointed in that. (


  • In aggiunta alle registrazioni in studio, Uncle Meat contiene spezzoni live registrati alla Royal Albert Hall , compreso Don Preston che suona Louie Louie sull'imponente organo a canne della Albert Hall. (


  • Meat Loaf's 11th studio album, Hang Cool Teddy Bear, appeared in 2010. (


  • FMD can be contracted by contact with infected meat, with meat on the bone representing a higher risk than filleted meat. (
  • Meat and fish served on the bone can present a risk of accident or injury. (
  • Discarded bones can also present a risk of injury to pets or wild animals as some types of cooked meat bone break into sharp fragments when chewed. (


  • There has been a general prohibition of relabeling packed meat for many years in Sweden. (


  • Hans Hallén, a former quality control manager for ICA, revealed that the company knew that meat was being illegally repackaged as early as 2003. (


  • Meat on the bone is quicker and easier to butcher as there is no filleting involved. (


  • Uncle Meat , pubblicato nel 1969 , è il sesto album di Frank Zappa (il quinto con le "sue" Mothers of Invention ). (
  • Successivamente, Zappa iniziò a lavorare ad un altro progetto chiamato No Commercial Potential , che si sarebbe poi sviluppato negli album We're Only in It for the Money , Lumpy Gravy , Cruising with Ruben & the Jets e Uncle Meat . (


  • The phrase "on the bone" can also be applied to specific types of meat, most commonly ham on the bone , and to fish . (


  • Small, sharp fish bones are the most likely to cause injury although sharp fragments of meat bone can also cause problems. (


  • A controversy surrounding the illegal repackaging of out-of-date meat led the Swedish grocery store chain ICA to take actions towards a better quality work in the stores. (


  • Frank Zappa, che era interessato a produrre un film sin dai tempi della scuola superiore, decise di sviluppare un lungometraggio promozionale per la sua band The Mothers of Invention , intitolato Uncle Meat . (

based off

  • Its simply the flash prototype that Super Meat Boy was based off of. (