Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.United StatesHealth Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Great BritainHome Care Services: Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).United States Indian Health Service: A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Persuasive Communication: A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.EnglandInterviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Contract Services: Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Personal Health Services: Health care provided to individuals.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Armadillo Domain Proteins: A family of proteins that contain several 42-amino acid repeat domains and are homologous to the Drosophila armadillo protein. They bind to other proteins through their armadillo domains and play a variety of roles in the CELL including SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION, regulation of DESMOSOME assembly, and CELL ADHESION.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Student Health Services: Health services for college and university students usually provided by the educational institution.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 9: A c-jun amino-terminal kinase that is activated by environmental stress and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Several isoforms of the protein with molecular sizes of 48 and 54 KD exist due to multiple ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Emergency Medical Services: Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Legislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Diagnostic Services: Organized services for the purpose of providing diagnosis to promote and maintain health.Maternal-Child Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.Public Relations: Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.LondonOrganizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Reproductive Medicine: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Nursing Services: A general concept referring to the organization and administration of nursing activities.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Utilization Review: An organized procedure carried out through committees to review admissions, duration of stay, professional services furnished, and to evaluate the medical necessity of those services and promote their most efficient use.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Community Networks: Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Ambulatory Care Facilities: Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Product Line Management: Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.New South Wales: A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Genetic Services: Organized services to provide diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genetic disorders.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Planning Techniques: Procedures, strategies, and theories of planning.Community Mental Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of psychologic and psychiatric services to people living in a neighborhood or community.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Hospitals, Public: Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.

*  Health Services Marketing: A Practitioner's Guide, Book by Richard K. Thomas (Paperback) | chapters.indigo.ca

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*  Marketing for Health Services A Framework for Communications, Evaluation and Total Quality Management | Rent 9780335154272 |...

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*  Magellan Health Services selects Frank Strategic Marketing | BtoB - AdAge

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*  Marketing Direct Mag | Mental health services: preparations for improving access

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*  Marketing Associate Job in Durham, NC at Reliable health services, 575939545 | Americas Job Exchange

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*  HSERV 507 Health Communication and Marketing for Health Promotion: Theory and Practice - Department of Health Services....

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*  Submission Marketing Web Directory- Health | Emergency Services

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*  Marketing for health: websites apps and print services

Our health services are both cost effective and efficient 01282 612222 ... mobile marketing needs to feature prominently in your healthcare marketing plan.. PLAYING INTO THE HANDS OF YOUR TARGET ... We can speak to your key stakeholders to find out what their perceptions are of your healthcare service. We make it our mission ... Engaging website solutions - for health. We work with our clients in the healthcare sector to deliver website solutions on a ...
https://concept4.com/health-services/129.html

*  Marketing Service Representative - Health Care | Helena, MT

Health Care job description for HCSC located in Helena, MT, as well as other career opportunities that the company is hiring ... marketing or health care management /claims / provider services involving processing or coordination of services for health ... 1 year experience in health care management in a marketing service representative role OR 3 years experience in sales / ... Health Care Service Corporation (HCSC), an Independent Licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association, is the largest ...
https://themuse.com/jobs/hcsc/marketing-service-representative-health-care-f75232

*  Matching service programs for Crop Marketing | Sarah Bush Lincoln Health System

Home Cordlink Keywords: C Crop Marketing Matching service programs for Crop Marketing. *U of I Extension Agriculture: Local ... 1000 Health Center Drive. Mattoon, IL • VIEW LOCATIONS Facebook Twitter YouTube Pinterest LinkedIn RSS Instagram ...
https://sarahbush.org/cord/keyword/401/

*  Leadership and Management in Health PgCert/PgDip/MSc top-up/MSc course - London postgraduate courses - Kingston University...

The course is designed to meet the needs of those working in the health and social care services in the public, private and ... Apply now for Kingston University London's Leadership and Management in Health PgCert/PgDip/MSc degree. ... voluntary sectors in the UK, as well to health professionals from abroad. ... Health Services Marketing * Health Services Marketing This module outlines and measures the effectiveness of the range of ...
kingston.ac.uk/postgraduate-course/leadership-management-health-msc/

*  NIH VideoCast - Translational Medicine

Marketing of Health Services. Physicians. Translational Medical Research Publication Types: Lectures. Webcasts ... National Advisory Council on Minority Health and Health Disparities - September 2017. [Advisory Board Meetings and Workshops]. ...
https://videocast.nih.gov/Summary.asp?file=17480

*  Group Health Insurance - Online Quote Insurance | Group Marketing Services Inc

Do you need to buy Michigan health insurance for you and your family? Do you have questions about your existing individual or ...
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*  Apitherapy News: February 2008

Marketing Health Services, 2008 Spring. Mom was right: Forget the cough suppressants. Buckwheat honey -- found in most grocery ... Article Outlines Health Benefits of Bee Products Healing From the Hive. By Kim Castleton, Green Living Online, 2/26/2008. Honey ... Improving Honey Bee Health Agricultural Research, February 2008. Spanish. The world's food supply depends on pollination by ... Discovery Health. For centuries, honey, bee pollen, and bee venom have been used to treat a number of ailments that vary ...
apitherapy.blogspot.com/2008/02/

*  Medicare Coverage for Mental Health Services

I thought Congress had changed the law on mental health coverage. But Medicare still charges me 50 percent to see my ... for outpatient mental health services that it pays for other Part B medical services. If you have supplemental insurance ( ... Medicare Coverage for Mental Health Services. by Patricia Barry, AARP Bulletin, Updated May 2014,Comments: 0 ... Two other recent changes in Medicare mental health services are worth knowing:. *Medicare now covers screenings for depression ...
aarp.org/health/medicare-insurance/info-02-2009/ask_ms_medicare_question_45_1.html

*  Fitch Rates Catholic Health Services of Long Island, NY's, 2014 Revs 'BBB+'; Outlook to Stable

Technology Marketing Corporation. 35 Nutmeg Drive Suite 340, Trumbull, Connecticut 06611 USA Ph: 800-243-6002, 203-852-6800 ... Catholic Health Services of Long Island Obligated Group Project) issued on behalf of Catholic Health Services of Long Island ( ... health care programs, a hospice service and a network of services for the mentally and developmentally disabled, all based on ... Fitch Rates Catholic Health Services of Long Island, NY's, 2014 Revs 'BBB+'; Outlook to Stable. ...
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*  New Print and Electronic Books for April 2014 « UT Health Science Center Library

Marketing of Health Services. Social marketing and social change [electronic resource] : strategies and tools for health, well- ... Washington, D.C. : American Public Health Association, c2013.. Click here to view the Full Catalog Record. back to top. ... UT Health Science Center Library , New Books. , New Print and Electronic Books for April 2014 ... Post-traumatic stress disorder and chronic health conditions [electronic resource] /. edited by Steven S. Coughlin.. ...
library.uthscsa.edu/2014/04/new-print-and-electronic-books-for-april-2014/?word=london

*  Department of Health Human Services $30,000 Jobs, Employment in Phoenix, AZ | Indeed.com

344 Department of Health Human Services $30,000 Jobs available in Phoenix, AZ on Indeed.com. one search. all jobs. ... Manager Marketing +Communication Arizona State University - 532 reviews - Tempe, AZ $52,000 - $62,000 a year ... Banner Health - 988 reviews - Phoenix, AZ 85004 About Banner Health Banner Health is one of the largest, nonprofit health care ... Health and Nutrition Services Division. The Arizona Department of Education (ADE) Health and Nutrition Services Division is ...
indeed.com/q-Department-of-health-and-human-services-$30,000-l-Phoenix,-AZ-jobs.html

*  Aims of the National Telehealth Service | Ministry of Health NZ

... advice and support from trained health professionals. People can receive the right care at the right time and in the right ... The National Telehealth Service provides an integrated platform for people to access health information, ... Marketing and promotion. Links to marketing activities. Key principles. The Service embraces six key principles. These ... New Zealanders' need for health services are ever evolving - so too are the services offered by the health system. The service ...
https://health.govt.nz/our-work/national-telehealth-service/aims-national-telehealth-service

*  Top 20 Marketing Coordinator jobs in Austin, TX (Hiring Now!) | Simply Hired

287 Marketing Coordinator jobs in Austin, TX. Find your next opportunity on Simply Hired. New jobs are posted every day. ... Health & Human Services Comm-Austin, TX $3,100 - $4,900 a month. Please note that all salary figures are approximations based ... Marketing Coordinator - Financial Aid Marketing Coordinator jobs. Marketing Coordinator - Financial Aid Marketing Coordinator ... Support event marketing, database health and other marketing operations as needed. Consult on new content, develop related ...
simplyhired.com/a/jobs/list/q-marketing coordinator/l-austin, tx/frl-vetfriendly

*  Health Services News

... marketing coordinator at WKU Health Services attended the Kentucky Society for Healthcare Public Relations & Marketing (KSHPRM ... Ken discussed the importance of content marketing strategies and how they can benefit patients and prospects looking for health ... As health care reform shifts the payment landscape away from volume and towards value, it is increasingly important for health ... Latest Health News. Rates of new lung cancer cases drop in U.S. men and women. Tobacco control efforts are having a major ...
wku.edu/healthservices/news/index.php?view=article&articleid=2164

*  Best Employers 2009 - F.E.G.S. Health and Human Services System

Health and Human Services System, which AARP in 2009 named one of the country's best employers for workers over 50. ... Financial Services & Insurance (0). Membership (0). Marketing (0). Volunteering (0). Member Local Offers (0). ... Senate Decides Not to Vote on Graham-Cassidy Health Care Bill. Read More. ... Members save 10% on the monthly service charge of qualified wireless plans. ...
aarp.org/work/employee-benefits/info-08-2009/fegs_health_human_services_2009.comments.html

*  UNF - Marketing and Publications - February 2011

Karen McSheffrey, Office Manager, Student Health Services. Heather Monroe-Ossi, Coordinator of Educational Training Programs, ... The articles are titled "Multichannel Marketing" and "E-Commerce and Internet Marketing," and both appear in Vol. 1 (Marketing ... Courtney Anderson, Coordinator of IT Support, Information Technology Services. Ashley Ballard, Coordinator of Health Education ... Dr. Tammie Johnson (Public Health), "Epidemiology, Data Analysis: Services for the Diabetes Prevention and Control Program," ...
unf.edu/TwoWings.aspx?dept=15032391255&lmenu=15032385604&lmenu2=15032385600&ban2=15032392726&id=15032419916&LangType=1033&ekfxmen_noscript=1&ekfxmensel=ea2087ade_15032385600_15032385600

*  Register now: UTSA Student Health Services announces WellnessPro program

3, 2014) -- UTSA Student Health Services announces a new solution to address students' health concerns in a semester-long, ... Learn more on the UTSA Student Health Services website.. To be up-to-date with news and announcements, like on Facebook at UTSA ... community engagement and public service. As an institution of access and excellence, UTSA embraces multicultural traditions and ... Communications & Marketing. Register now: UTSA Student Health Services announces WellnessPro program. Share this Story. ...
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Health marketing: Health marketing is a new approach to public health that applies traditional marketing principles and theories alongside science-based strategies to prevention, health promotion and health protection. Health marketing is one of the ways through which advancements in medicine and in health-protecting services like insurance are made widely known.Poundage quota: A poundage quota, also called a marketing quota, is a quantitative limit on the amount of a commodity that can be marketed under the provisions of a permanent law. Once a common feature of price support programs, this supply control mechanism ended with the quota buyouts for peanuts in 2002 and tobacco in 2004.Social marketing: Social marketing seeks to develop and integrate marketing concepts with other approaches to influence behaviors that benefit individuals and communities for the greater social good. It seeks to integrate research, best practice, theory, audience and partnership insight, to inform the delivery of competition sensitive and segmented social change programs that are effective, efficient, equitable and sustainable.National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.Global Health Delivery ProjectPublic Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Health policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Advertising Standards Canada: Advertising Standards Canada (ASC) is the advertising industry's non-profit self-regulating body created in 1957 to ensure the integrity and viability of advertising in Canada. The organization includes over 160 advertisers, advertising agencies, media organizations, and suppliers to the advertising sector.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)Community mental health service: Community mental health services (CMHS), also known as Community Mental Health Teams (CMHT) in the United Kingdom, support or treat people with mental disorders (mental illness or mental health difficulties) in a domiciliary setting, instead of a psychiatric hospital (asylum). The array of community mental health services vary depending on the country in which the services are provided.Maternal Health Task ForceHalfdan T. MahlerBasic Occupational Health Services: The Basic Occupational Health Services are an application of the primary health care principles in the sector of occupational health. Primary health care definition can be found in the World Health Organization Alma Ata declaration from the year 1978 as the “essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially accepted methods, (…) it is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work (…)”.Contraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,United States Public Health ServiceSchool health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.List of tobacco-related topics: Nicotiana is the genus of herbs and shrubs which is cultivated to produce tobacco products.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board: The Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board (NPAIHB) is a non-profit tribal advisory organization in Portland, Oregon, run and organized by participating tribes. It was established in 1972 to focus on four areas as they pertain to the health of Native people: health promotion and disease prevention, legislative and policy analysis, training and technical assistance, and surveillance and research.Castleberry's Food Company: Castleberry's Food Company was an Augusta, Georgia-based canned food company founded in the 1920s by Clement Stewart Castleberry with the help of his father Clement Lamar Castleberry and closed permanently in March 2008 by the United States Food and Drug Administration.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Aging (scheduling): In Operating systems, Aging is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation. Fixed priority scheduling is a scheduling discipline, in which tasks queued for utilizing a system resource are assigned a priority each.Standard evaluation frameworkMental disorderAustralian referendum, 1913 (Trade and Commerce): The Constitution Alteration (Trade and Commerce) 1912 was an Australian referendum held in the 1913 referendums which sought to alter the Australian Constitution to extend Commonwealth legislative power in respect to trade and commerce.Persuasions of the Witch's Craft: Persuasion's of the Witches' Craft: Ritual Magic in Contemporary England is a study of several Wiccan and ceremonial magic groups that assembled in southern England during the 1980s. It was written by the American anthropologist Tanya M.Sharon Regional Health System: Sharon Regional Health System is a profit health care service provider based in Sharon, Pennsylvania. Its main hospital is located in Sharon; additionally, the health system operates schools of nursing and radiography; a comprehensive pain management center across the street from its main hospital; clinics in nearby Mercer, Greenville, Hermitage, and Brookfield, Ohio; and Sharon Regional Medical Park in Hermitage.Red Moss, Greater Manchester: Red Moss is a wetland mossland in Greater Manchester, located south of Horwich and east of Blackrod. (Grid Reference ).Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Pharmaceutical manufacturing: Drug manufacturing is the process of industrial-scale synthesis of pharmaceutical drugs by pharmaceutical companies. The process of drug manufacturing can be broken down into a series of unit operations, such as milling, granulation, coating, tablet pressing, and others.Resource leak: In computer science, a resource leak is a particular type of resource consumption by a computer program where the program does not release resources it has acquired. This condition is normally the result of a bug in a program.Essex School of discourse analysis: The Essex School constitutes a variety of discourse analysis, one that combines theoretical sophistication – mainly due to its reliance on the post-structuralist and psychoanalytic traditions and, in particular, on the work of Lacan, Foucault, Barthes, Derrida, etc. – with analytical precision, since it focuses predominantly on an in-depth analysis of political discourses in late modernity.Minati SenPrivate healthcareOpinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.Pavement life-cycle cost analysis: In September 1998, the United States Department of Transportation (DoT) introduced risk analysis, a probabilistic approach to account for the uncertainty of the inputs of the cost/benefit evaluation of pavement projects, into its decision-making policies. The traditional (deterministic) approach did not consider the variability of inputs.Integrated catchment management: Integrated catchment management is a subset of environmental planning which approaches sustainable resource management from a catchment perspective, in contrast to a piecemeal approach that artificially separates land management from water management.ARMCX5: ARMCX5 is an armadillo repeat–containing protein that is encoded by the X-linked ARMCX5 gene. It is conserved only in Eutheria, a specific group of placental mammals, but no further back in evolutionary time.Northeast Community Health CentreHealthy community design: Healthy community design is planning and designing communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. Healthy community design offers important benefits:Women's Health Initiative: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) was initiated by the U.S.Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.

(1/318) Restructuring the primary health care services and changing profile of family physicians in Turkey.

A new health-reform process has been initiated by Ministry of Health in Turkey. The aim of that reform is to improve the health status of the Turkish population and to provide health care to all citizens in an efficient and equitable manner. The restructuring of the current health system will allow more funds to be allocated to primary and preventive care and will create a managed market for secondary and tertiary care. In this article, we review the current and proposed primary care services models and the role of family physicians therein.  (+info)

(2/318) Clinicians' satisfaction with a hospital blood transfusion service: a marketing analysis of a monopoly supplier.

One of the objectives of the NHS reforms is to improve customer focus within the health service. In a study to assess the quality of customer service provided by the Edinburgh and South East Scotland Blood Transfusion Service a 19 item questionnaire survey of the main clinical users of the service was performed to ascertain their satisfaction, measured on a 5 point anchored scale, with important aspects of the service, including medical consultation, diagnostic services, blood and blood components or products and their delivery, and general satisfaction with the service. Of 122 clinicians in medical and surgical disciplines in five hospitals in Edinburgh, 72 (59%) replied. Fourteen (22%) indicated dissatisfaction with any aspect of the medical consultation service, owing to inadequate follow up of clinical contacts and unsatisfactory routing of incoming calls. Diagnostic services were criticised for the presentation, communication, and interpretation of results. The restricted availability of whole blood, the necessity to order platelets and plasma through the duty blood transfusion service doctor, and the use of a group and screen policy, attracted criticism from a small number of clinicians. Ten of 68 respondents expressed dissatisfaction with delivery of blood and components to the wards and theatres. The findings indicate that the clinicians served by this blood transfusion service are largely satisfied with the service. Changes are being implemented to improve reporting of laboratory results and measures taken to improve liaison with clinicians.  (+info)

(3/318) The state of health planning in the '90s.

The art of health planning is relatively new in many developing countries and its record is not brilliant. However, for policy makers committed to sustainable health improvements and the principle of equity, it is an essential process, and in need of improvement rather than minimalization. The article argues that the possibility of planning playing a proper role in health care allocative decisions is increasingly being endangered by a number of developments. These include the increasing use of projects, inappropriate decentralization policies, and the increasing attention being given to NGOs. More serious is the rise of New Right thinking which is undermining the role of the State altogether in health care provision. The article discusses these developments and makes suggestions as to possible action needed to counteract them.  (+info)

(4/318) Health education for a breast and cervical cancer screening program: using the ecological model to assess local initiatives.

This study investigates the development and implementation of health education strategies at the local level for a statewide breast and cervical cancer control program. Baseline data on these initiatives were collected from 88 local screening programs in North Carolina. Using the ecological model as a framework, health education initiatives were assessed and analyzed to determine the level of activity occurring at the local level and the comprehensiveness of programs. Types and levels of interventions used are described and initial analysis is provided of the impact these strategies are having on recruiting women from target populations into these screening programs. Specific examples illustrating the variety of interventions used at the individual, network, organizational and community levels, and the impact of certain variables, such as the use of local health education staff, on the comprehensiveness of interventions utilized, are provided. The importance to practitioners of establishing process indicators in assessing local initiatives and challenges to conducting evaluations of these strategies are also discussed.  (+info)

(5/318) Device evaluation and coverage policy in workers' compensation: examples from Washington State.

Workers' compensation health benefits are broader than general health benefits and include payment for medical and rehabilitation costs, associated indemnity (lost time) costs, and vocational rehabilitation (return-to-work) costs. In addition, cost liability is for the life of the claim (injury), rather than for each plan year. We examined device evaluation and coverage policy in workers' compensation over a 10-year period in Washington State. Most requests for device coverage in workers' compensation relate to the diagnosis, prognosis, or treatment of chronic musculoskeletal conditions. A number of specific problems have been recognized in making device coverage decisions within workers' compensation: (1) invasive devices with a high adverse event profile and history of poor outcomes could significantly increase both indemnity and medical costs; (2) many noninvasive devices, while having a low adverse event profile, have not proved effective for managing chronic musculoskeletal conditions relevant to injured workers; (3) some devices are marketed and billed as surrogate diagnostic tests for generally accepted, and more clearly proven, standard tests; (4) quality oversight of technology use among physicians may be inadequate; and (5) insurers' access to efficacy data adequate to make timely and appropriate coverage decisions in workers' compensation is often lacking. Emerging technology may substantially increase the costs of workers' compensation without significant evidence of health benefit for injured workers. To prevent ever-rising costs, we need to increase provider education and patient education and consent, involve the state medical society in coverage policy, and collect relevant outcomes data from healthcare providers.  (+info)

(6/318) Perceived financial incentives, HMO market penetration, and physicians' practice styles and satisfaction.

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of physicians' personal financial incentives and other measures of involvement with HMOs on three measures of satisfaction and practice style: overall practice satisfaction, the extent to which prior expectations about professional autonomy and the ability to practice good-quality medicine are met, and several specific measures of practice style. DATA SOURCES: A telephone survey conducted in 1997 of 1,549 physicians who were located in the 75 largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas in 1991. Eligible physicians were under age 52, had between 8 and 17 years of post-residency practice experience, and spent at least 20 hours per week in patient care. The response rate was 74 percent. STUDY DESIGN: Multivariate binomial and multinomial ordered logistic regression models were estimated. Independent variables included physicians' self-reported financial incentives, measured by the extent to which their overall financial arrangements created an incentive to either reduce or increase services to patients, the level of HMO penetration in the market, employment setting, medical specialty, exposure to managed care while in medical training, and selected personal characteristics. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: About 15 percent of survey respondents reported a moderate or strong incentive to reduce services; 70 percent reported a neutral incentive; and 15 percent reported an incentive to increase services. Compared to physicians with a neutral incentive, physicians with an incentive to reduce services were from 1.5 to 3.5 times more likely to be very dissatisfied with their practices and were 0.2 to 0.5 times as likely to report that their expectations regarding professional autonomy and ability to practice good-quality medicine were met. They were also 0.2 to 0.6 times as likely to report having the freedom to care for patients the way they would like along several specific measures of practice style, such as sufficient time with patients, ability to hospitalize, ability to order tests and procedures, and ability to make referrals. These effects were generally reinforced by practicing in an area with a high level of HMO penetration and were offset to some extent by having had exposure to HMOs and the practice of cost-effective medicine while in medical training. CONCLUSIONS: Although financial incentives to reduce services are not widespread, there is a legitimate reason to be concerned about possible adverse affects on the quality of care. More research is needed to investigate directly whether changes in patients' health are affected by their physicians' financial incentives.  (+info)

(7/318) The adoption of provider-based rural health clinics by rural hospitals: a study of market and institutional forces.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the response of rural hospitals to various market and organizational signals by determining the factors that influence whether or not they establish a provider-based rural health clinic (RHC) (a joint Medicare/Medicaid program). DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Several secondary sources for 1989-1995: the AHA Annual Survey, the PPS Minimum Data Set and a list of RHCs from HCFA, the Area Resource File, and professional associations. The analysis includes all general medical/surgical rural hospitals operating in the United States during the study period. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal design and pooled cross-sectional data were used, with the rural hospital as the unit of analysis. Key variables were examined as sets and include measures of competitive pressures (e.g., hospital market share), physician resources, nurse practitioner/physician assistant (NP/PA) practice regulation, hospital performance pressures (e.g., operating margin), innovativeness, and institutional pressure (i.e., the cumulative force of adoption). PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Adoption of provider-based RHCs by rural hospitals appears to be motivated less as an adaptive response to observable economic or internal organizational signals than as a reaction to bandwagon pressures. CONCLUSIONS: Rural hospitals with limited resources may resort to imitating others because of uncertainty or a limited ability to fully evaluate strategic activities. This can result in actions or behaviors that are not consistent with policy objectives and the perceived need for policy changes. Such activity in turn could have a negative effect on some providers and some rural residents.  (+info)

(8/318) Financial and organizational determinants of hospital diversification into subacute care.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the financial, market, and organizational determinants of hospital diversification into subacute inpatient care by acute care hospitals in order to guide hospital managers in undertaking such diversification efforts. STUDY SETTING: All nongovernment, general, acute care, community hospitals that were operating during the years 1985 through 1991 (3,986 hospitals in total). DATA SOURCES: Cross-sectional, time-series data were drawn from the American Hospital Association's (AHA) Annual Survey of Hospitals, the Health Care Financing Administration's (HCFA) Medicare Cost Reports, a latitude and longitude listing for all community hospital addresses, and the Area Resource File (ARF) published in 1992, which provides county level environmental variables. STUDY DESIGN: The study is longitudinal, enabling the specification of temporal patterns in conversion, causal inferences, and the treatment of right-censoring problems. The unit of analysis is the individual hospital. KEY FINDINGS: Significant differences were found in the average level of subacute care offered by investor-owned versus tax-exempt hospitals. After controlling for selection bias, financial performance, risk, size, occupancy, and other variables, IO hospitals offered 31.3 percent less subacute care than did NFP hospitals. Financial performance and risk are predictors of IO hospitals' diversification into subacute care, but not of NFP hospitals' activities in this market. Resource availability appears to expedite expansion into subacute care for both types of hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: Investment criteria and strategy differ between investor-owned and tax-exempt hospitals.  (+info)



behavioral health


  • The new brand identity will position Magellan as a leader in the managed behavioral health care industry. (adage.com)
  • The Desert Vista Behavioral Health Center. (indeed.com)

healthcare


  • From promotions to pricing, this book clearly and succinctly explains the range of marketing activities and techniques, so any health professional can learn to navigate this bewildering but increasingly important aspect of healthcare. (indigo.ca)
  • Richard Thomas' step-by-step guide for developing a marketing plan and carrying out a successful campaign offers a hands-on approach to proven methods for staying a step ahead of the healthcare marketing game. (indigo.ca)
  • Thomas has authored a recent academic treatment of marketing and healthcare: Marketing Health Services (2004, Health Administration Press). (indigo.ca)
  • 1. Introduction to Healthcare Marketing. (indigo.ca)
  • 11. The New Healthcare Marketing. (indigo.ca)
  • www.booknews.com, April, 2008)"This easy to comprehend book describes the tactics and strategy required to effectively market products and services in the healthcare industry. (indigo.ca)
  • We understand the ever changing healthcare sector and nothing surprises us, whatever you need to support your latest campaign, just ask - our expertise lies in delivering campaigns across all mediums, including mass media marketing, targeted campaigns, road shows, personalised mailings and more. (concept4.com)
  • In the ever changing healthcare sector and constant threat of private competition, it's more important than ever for healthcare service providers to differentiate themselves with a clear brand identity in all their marketing strategies. (concept4.com)
  • Graduates leave the course as dynamic, forward-thinking healthcare professionals and service managers who excel in their field. (kingston.ac.uk)

accessibility


  • The popularity of AM in this community should alert decision makers to look at the difficult accessibility to the health system. (blogspot.com)

nonprofit


  • About Banner Health Banner Health is one of the largest, nonprofit health care systems in the country and the leading nonprofit provider of hospital services in. (indeed.com)

Physicians


  • A. Medicare used to discriminate by charging beneficiaries a lot more for outpatient psychiatric treatment than other physicians' services. (aarp.org)

principles


  • Examines marketing principles for health promotion. (washington.edu)
  • The Service embraces six key principles. (health.govt.nz)
  • These principles flow through to the objectives, outputs and outcomes to be achieved by the National Telehealth Service. (health.govt.nz)

search


  • We also offer ongoing support services for search engine optimisation, social media and user experience. (concept4.com)

Mental Health


  • The Department of Health and NHS England are making progress but much remains to be done to improve access to mental health services. (marketingdirectmag.co.uk)
  • Administration and Policy in Mental Health, 38 (3). (ox.ac.uk)
  • So now and in the future Medicare will pay the same share of the cost (80 percent) for outpatient mental health services that it pays for other Part B medical services. (aarp.org)
  • However, one form of discrimination was not changed by the 2008 law and still persists: Your Medicare Part A coverage for time spent as an inpatient in psychiatric hospitals-those that specialize in mental health conditions-is limited to 190 days over your whole lifetime. (aarp.org)
  • So any days you spend in a nonpsychiatric hospital-even if you're being treated for a mental health condition-do not count toward the 190-day lifetime limit. (aarp.org)
  • In some circumstances, Medicare covers "partial hospitalization," which means receiving treatment at a hospital's outpatient department or clinic or at a community mental health center during the day (but not spending the night there). (aarp.org)

diagram


  • This diagram presents key requirements and our conceptual vision of the Service - how people would engage it and how the Service and the wider health sector would be integrated to provide seamless services and care to the public of New Zealand. (health.govt.nz)

targets


  • EBPs were secondary to access and service targets. (ox.ac.uk)

care


  • For today's busy health care professional, clinical expertise is not enough: one also has to know the market. (indigo.ca)
  • From the reviews:"Thomas details marketing activities and techniques for health care practitioners and administrators in for-profit and non-profit organizations. (indigo.ca)
  • You are subscribed to Health and social care reports for National Audit Office. (marketingdirectmag.co.uk)
  • Health Care Service Corporation (HCSC), an Independent Licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association, is the largest customer-owned health insurer in the US, operating in five states. (themuse.com)
  • 1 year experience in health care management in a marketing service representative role OR 3 years experience in sales / marketing or health care management /claims / provider services involving processing or coordination of services for health care customers. (themuse.com)
  • Data were collected in 2003 by trained interviewers from primary health care centers using a specially designed questionnaire. (blogspot.com)

strategic


  • Ellicot City, Md.-Magellan Health Services, Farmington, Conn., has selected Frank Strategic Marketing to develop a new brand identity and brand image campaign. (adage.com)
  • This module aims to provide students with an understanding of strategic health management and governance in organisational, political, and socio-economic contexts. (kingston.ac.uk)
  • deliver on the strategic aims of each service component. (health.govt.nz)

organizations


  • Analysis showed statistical measures of access and service-key elements of rating organizations' "report cards"- were central in creating "pressure" making transition to EBPs difficult. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Rating organizations should include outcome and fidelity metrics to align market share pressures with children's health. (ox.ac.uk)

regularly


  • Even when a facility has its own marketing department, practitioners are regularly called on for input. (indigo.ca)
  • We're renowned for our approach to client service and regularly commended by clients for our willingness to go the extra mile. (concept4.com)

System


  • New Zealanders' need for health services are ever evolving - so too are the services offered by the health system. (health.govt.nz)

department


  • Department of Health Services. (washington.edu)
  • The Arizona Department of Education (ADE) Health and Nutrition Services Division is seeking a Child Nutrition Program. (indeed.com)

products and services


  • Plan, direct, or coordinate marketing policies and programs, such as determining the demand for products and services offered by a firm and its competitors, and identify potential customers. (americasjobexchange.com)
  • Oversee product development or monitor trends that indicate the need for new products and services. (americasjobexchange.com)
  • Links provided from UT HSC Libraries pages to other web sites do not constitute or imply an endorsement of those sites, their content, or products and services associated with those sites. (uthscsa.edu)

social


  • 10. Social Marketing. (indigo.ca)
  • The service will need to adapt and respond to emerging social and practical trends. (health.govt.nz)

campaigns


  • The study results call for intensive health education campaigns in the media addressing wrong beliefs regarding AM and modern medicine. (blogspot.com)

navigate


  • Learn how to manage people, budgets, information, marketing and quality, as well as how to navigate organisational change and think creatively. (kingston.ac.uk)

company


  • We have helpful advice from marketing experts across the globe, learn their tips and tricks and make your company more successful. (marketingdirectmag.co.uk)

access


  • The National Telehealth Service provides an integrated platform for people to access health information, advice and support from trained health professionals. (health.govt.nz)

improve


  • LARGEST HOSPITALS IMPROVE: St. Francis Hospital and Good Samaritan Hospital Medical Center (which together accounted for 56% of net patient service revenue in 2013 generated $10.2 million in operating income in the first quarter of 2014, compared to a $4.8 million operating loss in the first quarter of 2013. (tmcnet.com)

learn


  • Learn how to live well with hearing loss and maintain optimal hearing health. (aarp.org)

Insurance


industry


  • for marketing communications professionals, the history and complexities of the health industry provided in the book are very useful as a foundation. (indigo.ca)

Conditions


  • Post-traumatic stress disorder and chronic health conditions [electronic resource] / edited by Steven S. Coughlin. (uthscsa.edu)

management


  • Richard K. Thomas is Vice President of the Health Management Associates, Memphis, TN. (indigo.ca)
  • Sheaff, W. R. is the author of 'Marketing for Health Services A Framework for Communications, Evaluation and Total Quality Management' with ISBN 9780335154272 and ISBN 0335154271. (valorebooks.com)
  • Kingston Business School is a principal member of the Institute of Leadership and Management in Health (ILMH) , and you will benefit from regular guest speakers, as well as the everyday experiences that other students bring from their workplaces. (kingston.ac.uk)
  • This course has been rated by the Eduniversal masters ranking 2015/16 as one of the best health management masters courses in the world. (kingston.ac.uk)

provider


  • This provider-whether a physician, physician assistant or nurse practitioner-must be able to give treatment or refer you elsewhere for treatment, but those services are not free. (aarp.org)

level


  • Discusses health communication theories and applications at the individual level (persuasion), interpersonal level (motivational) interviewing), and population level (mass media). (washington.edu)
  • This course gives practising clinicians and health service managers a step up to the next level, and provides first-class training in key competencies for those who want to enter this sector. (kingston.ac.uk)

clients


  • Develops a health communication campaign for clients. (washington.edu)

communication


  • Senior Manager of Communication and Marketing Strategy. (indeed.com)
  • People who contact the National Telehealth Service through any phone line or any communication channel are able to talk to professional staff and receive the most appropriate service to meet their advice and support needs. (health.govt.nz)
  • The service brings together a number of Ministry-funded health advice phone lines and other communication channels. (health.govt.nz)

benefit


  • the book is written for students, residents, and practitioners who all would benefit from the simple discussion of marketing practices. (indigo.ca)
  • a superb marketing toolkit to benefit any organisation, simplifying and speeding up your print purchasing process. (concept4.com)

Corporation


  • Fitch Ratings has assigned a 'BBB+' rating to approximately $79,230,000 of Nassau County Local Economic Assistance and Financing Corporation revenue bonds, series 2014 (Catholic Health Services of Long Island Obligated Group Project) issued on behalf of Catholic Health Services of Long Island (CHSLI). (tmcnet.com)

campaign


  • The second stage is the use of the new identity in collateral, exhibit marketing and a new print and online ad campaign, which will break later this fall. (adage.com)

strategies


  • strategies and tools for health, well-being, and the environment / R. Craig Lefebvre. (uthscsa.edu)

model


  • The health belief model was found to be the most important determinant of AM use. (blogspot.com)

latest


national


  • AmeriCorps, Peace Corps, and other national service alumni are encouraged to apply. (indeed.com)

treatment


  • Your charge for this type of service varies according to the treatment provided, but under Medicare rules it cannot be more than 40 percent of the Medicare-approved amount. (aarp.org)

place


  • This course is closely aligned with the changes that are taking place within the health service and what is being demanded in the workplace. (kingston.ac.uk)

helpful


  • The service manages a variety of calls and ensures people find the experience simple and helpful. (health.govt.nz)

research


needs


  • From annual reports and folders to fridge magnets and thermometers, the list is endless - you need to be confident you're working with a supplier who can give you the right solutions at the right price for your offline marketing needs. (concept4.com)

center


  • He is also Associate Professor at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. (indigo.ca)
  • 1000 Health Center Dr. (sarahbush.org)