*  Malawi - UNESCO World Heritage Centre

08COM IXA - Inscription: Lake Malawi National Park (Malawi) 1984 Decision 08COM IXC - Not Inscribed: Nyika National Park ( ... 19BUR VI.20 - Lake Malawi National Park (Malawi) 1995 Decision 19COM XIIIA.1 - Requests for International Assistance: Natural ... 17EXTBUR VA.1.2.1 - Examination of requests for International Assistance - Lake Malawi National Park (Malawi) ... 37COM 7B.5 - Lake Malawi National Park (Malawi) (N 289) 2014 Decision 38COM 7B.92 - Lake Malawi National Park (Malawi) (N 289) ...
whc.unesco.org/pg_friendly_print.cfm?id=mw&documents=1&cid=246

*  Malawi in 1995 | Britannica.com

Malawi is a landlocked state in eastern Africa. Area: 118,484 sq km (45,747 sq mi). Pop. (1995 est.): 9,939,000. Cap.: Lilongwe ... Malawi in 1995: A republic and member of the Commonwealth, ... This updates the article Malawi, history of.. Learn More in ... Monetary unit: Malawi kwacha, with (Oct. 6, 1995) a free rate of 15.26 kwacha to U.S. $1 (24.13 kwacha = £1 sterling). ... A republic and member of the Commonwealth, Malawi is a landlocked state in eastern Africa. Area: 118,484 sq km (45,747 sq mi). ...
https://britannica.com/place/Malawi-Year-In-Review-1995

*  Malawi President Banda on Currency Devaluation

Malawi President Joyce Banda speaks with WSJ's Patrick McGroary at the presidential residence about her decision to devalue the ... Malawi President Banda on Currency Devaluation. 11/2/2012 7:55PM Malawi President Joyce Banda speaks with WSJ's Patrick ...
wsj.com/video/malawi-president-banda-on-currency-devaluation/4DE39ABA-3797-4053-9689-A579BAFD26C0.html?mod=WSJ_Article_Videocarousel_1

*  Malawi's mountain of inspiration - StarTribune.com

... a writer explores Malawi's Mulanje Mountain, which resembles a Tolkien landscape but has a magic all its own. ... Malawi's mountain of inspiration. Chasing a rumor, a writer explores Malawi's Mulanje Mountain, which resembles a Tolkien ... The view of sunset from the northern escarpment of Mount Mulanje in Malawi; apart from Lake Malawi, Mount Mulanje is Malawiís ... Below us, Malawi sprawls in a glowing pastel expanse punctuated by columns of smoke from evening fires. Distant Lake Chilwa ...
startribune.com/malawi-s-mountain-of-inspiration/240627531/?c=y&page=all&prepage=2

*  Woman storekeeper boosts Malawi farming | Africa Renewal Online

Woman storekeeper boosts Malawi farming. Woman storekeeper boosts Malawi farming. NEPAD seeks to bring fertilizer nearer to ... Wanzala, the NEPAD fertilizer expert, concurs: "The Malawi project illustrates one of the actions NEPAD is trying to promote. A ... The CNFA provides credit against which they can purchase supplies from participating companies in Malawi, such as Pana, SeedCo ... Fertilizer and seed distribution in Malawi: Shopkeepers can help supply farmers not only with inputs, but also agricultural ...
un.org/africarenewal/magazine/january-2007/woman-storekeeper-boosts-malawi-farming

*  Malawi drops AU summit over Sudanese leader - CNN

Malawi said it won't host an AU summit because the groiup wants Omar al-Bashir, the Sudanese leader accused of war crimes, to ... Malawi is one of many countries that ratified the Rome Statute, which created the ICC, and those nations are obliged to carry ... Malawi said it won't host an African Union summit next month because the organization wants Omar al-Bashir, the Sudanese leader ... Malawi welcomed al-Bashir last year for a regional trade meeting when the country was led by President Bingu wa Mutharika. ...
cnn.com/2012/06/09/world/africa/malawi-au-summit/index.html

*  The Amazing Race recap: 'Move Goat (Malawi)'

The Amazing Race recap: 'Move Goat (Malawi)'. In this season's least eventful leg yet, Team NFL come back from behind after a ... Once the teams arrived in Salima, Amani had to complete a Speed Bump slide puzzle, arranging the pieces to match Malawi's flag ... This leg began after the teams slept overnight in Malawi's remote Kumbali Village. The spread was less than 40 minutes between ...
ew.com/recap/amazing-race-season-19-episode-7-recap/

*  Diocese - Central Africa - Northern Malawi

Diocese: Northern Malawi. Information. Bishop of Northern Malawi The Rt Revd Fanuel Emmanuel Magangani. Address:. PO Box 120, ... Mzuzu, Malawi. Office:. +265 (0) 1312 858. Email:. Click here for email. Address:. www.nmalawianglican.org. ...
anglicancommunion.org/structures/member-churches/member-church/diocese.aspx?church=central-africa&dio=northern-malawi

*  children of Malawi

Going back over some of my photos from 2011 from my time in Malawi and trying black and white conversions using Nik Silver Efex ... children of Malawi Going back over some of my photos from 2011 from my time in Malawi and trying black and white conversions ... Re: children of Malawi Wonderful stuff, Neil.. Only suggestion I'd make is a slight crop at the bottom to get rid of the logo/ ... Re: children of Malawi Thanks for your comments Donald and Richard, I was that excited when I did the conversion to B&W that I ...
cambridgeincolour.com/forums/thread30690.htm

*  Malawi | UN Women - Headquarters

Malawi commits to the accelerated implementation of actions to achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. ... Malawi vows to act to end child marriage, make gender equality integral to national growth and development Malawi commits to ... Malawi has identified gender equality and women's empowerment as core priorities of the revised Malawi Growth and Development ... Subsequently, Malawi enacted the ground-breaking Marriage, Divorce and Family Relations Law that puts the age of marriage at 18 ...
unwomen.org/en/get-involved/step-it-up/commitments/malawi

*  Recurrent TB: relapse or reinfection? The effect of HIV in a general population cohort in Malawi. - LSHTM Research Online |...

OBJECTIVE: To estimate rates of recurrent tuberculosis due to reinfection and relapse, by HIV status, in a general population. DESIGN: Long-term cohort study in Karonga district, rural Malawi. METHODS: All tuberculosis patients with culture-proven disease in Karonga district were followed up after treatment. HIV testing was offered and all Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were fingerprinted using IS6110 RFLP. Fingerprints from initial and recurrent disease episodes were compared to distinguish relapse and reinfection: a second episode was considered a relapse if the fingerprint was identical or differed by only 1-4 bands and was the first occurrence of that pattern in the population. Rates of and risk factors for recurrence, reinfection disease, and relapse were estimated using survival analysis and Poisson regression. RESULTS: Five hundred and eighty-four culture-positive episodes of tuberculosis were diagnosed and treatment was completed during 1995-2003 in patients with known HIV ...
researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/4212/

*  The acceptance and feasibility of replacement feeding at 6 months as an HIV prevention method in Lilongwe, Malawi :: IFPRI in...

Post a Comment for The acceptance and feasibility of replacement feeding at 6 months as an HIV prevention method in Lilongwe, Malawi ...
ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll5/id/115/

*  Madonna Builds Solar-Powered Eco-Academy For Girls in Malawi Madonna's Raising Malawai Academy for Girls - Inhabitat - Green...

Madonna is giving back to the country that gave her David, her son, in a big way by building an eco-friendly academy for girls in Malawi's capital city, Lilongwe. Through her non-profit organization, Raising Malawi, the pop star has collected funds and donated some of her own in order to build the solar powered, ,a href='http://www.inhabitat.com/2010/01/06/bessie-carmichael-school-awarded-100000-for-leed-certification/' target='_blank',eco-friendly academy,/a,, which will accommodate 450 girls when it's completed in 2012. ,a href='http://studiomda.com/projects/institutional/210' target='_blank',StudioMDA,/a,, out of ,a href='http://www.inhabitat.com/ny',New York,/a,, designed the school and hopes it can become the standard for education and new sustainable construction in the region....,br,,br,,a href='http://inhabitat.com/madonnas-sustainable-raising-malawi-academy-for-girls/',READ ARTICLE,/a ...
inhabitat.com/madonnas-sustainable-raising-malawi-academy-for-girls/madonnas-malawai-academy-5/

*  Malawi devalues national currency

The President of Malawi, Bingu wa Mutharika's government which had been adamant on devaluing the national currency, the Malawi Kwacha (MK), has finally succumbed to the pressure.
bizcommunity.com/Article/416/163/62729.html

*  Malawi Home

Latest news and information from the World Bank and its development work in Malawi. Access Malawi's economy facts, statistics, project information, development research from experts and latest news.
worldbank.org/en/country/malawi

*  Countries | Malawi

Established in 1891, the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of Malawi in 1964. After three decades of one-party rule under President Hastings Kamuzu Banda, the country held multiparty presidential and parliamentary elections in 1994, under a provisional constitution that came into full effect the following year. President Bingu wa Mutharika, elected in 2004 after a failed attempt by the previous president to amend the constitution to permit another term, struggled to assert his authority against his predecessor and subsequently started his own party, the Democratic Progressive Party in 2005. He was reelected to a second term in 2009. He oversaw some economic improvement in his first term, but was accused of economic mismanagement and poor governance in his second term. He died abruptly in 2012 and was succeeded by vice president, Joyce Banda, who had earlier started her own party, the People's Party. Peter Mutharika, defeated Banda in the 2014 election. ...
lifeusa.org/countries/Malawi

*  Madonna Condemns Malawi Gay Conviction | Daily Contributor

Madonna, who has adopted two children from the African nation, said Malawi's sentencing of a gay couple to 14 years in prison was 'shocking.'
dailycontributor.com/madonna-condemns-malawi-gay-conviction/15263/

*  Meet the baby Madonna WON'T be adopting: Struggling to survive in Malawi, the half-brother of her son David | Daily Mail Online

While his brother lives in the lap of luxury he lives in grinding poverty in Malawi. We reveal the stark life of Dingiswayo Banda... and wonder how David will feel when he understands the chasm between them.
dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-1044661/Meet-baby-Madonna-WONT-adopting-Struggling-survive-Malawi-half-brother-son-David.html

*  Malawi - OECD

In 2014, Malawi's economy continued on the path to recovery in the aftermath of the economic crisis of 2012, which saw a contraction in real gross domestic product (GDP) growth to 2.1%. Real GDP growth in 2014 is estimated to have been 5.7%, driven largely by agriculture, but with significant contributions from manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade, and services. ...
oecd.org/countries/malawi/

*  Malawi gets ultra-capacity with Radwin | IT-Online

Skyband, Malawi's leading ISP, has deployed the Radwin JET Beamforming point-to-multipoint (PtMP) solutions in the licensed 3.x GHz band to serve major...
it-online.co.za/2016/05/30/malawi-gets-ultra-capacity-with-radwin/

*  Being Bess: Death Could Not Separate Them: How Elizabeth I Connected to Her Deceased Mother

A Protestant Allegory' (1) 'eyes' (1) 'gyspy' (1) 'pygmy' (3) 'spirit' (2) #Herstory (1) 1457 (1) 1485 (1) 1519 (1) 1533 (7) 1534 (1) 1536 (5) 1537 (1) 1540 (1) 1541 (1) 1543 (1) 1546 (1) 1547 (1) 1548 (2) 1549 (2) 1552 (1) 1553 (1) 1554 (1) 1555 (2) 1558 (3) 1559 (2) 1560 (1) 1561 (1) 1562 (4) 1563 (2) 1564 (1) 1565 (1) 1570 (1) 1571 (2) 1572 (2) 1575 (1) 1583 (1) 1584 (1) 1585 (2) 1586 (7) 1587 (6) 1588 (5) 1591 (2) 1592 (2) 1596 (1) 1598 (2) 1601 (4) 1603 (4) 1612 (1) 16th century (2) 16th century portraits (1) 39 Articles of Faith (2) A Midsummer Night's Dream (2) A Protestant Allegory (1) Accession Day (4) Accession Day Tilt (2) Accession of Queen Elizabeth I (2) Act of Succession (3) Alison Plowden (1) Alison Weir (3) All About That Bass (1) All Things Robert Dudley (1) Allegory of the Tudor Sucession (1) Ambrose Dudley (4) American Colonies (2) Amyas Paulet (2) An Elizabethan Maundy (4) Andy Kesson (1) Anglican Church (4) Anna Bolena (2) Annals of Queen Elizabeth (3) Anne Boleyn (35) Anne ...
beingbess.blogspot.ca/2012/08/death-could-not-separate-them-how.html

*  MamaYe

This briefing summarizes the key findings from a study of maternal death audits, which explored the quality of care offered to pregnant women arriving at a health facility in a stable condition compared to those who are critically ill. The briefing is for health providers to inform their efforts in improving quality of care in Malawi. The study was conducted by UCL and PACHI Malawi on behalf of MamaYe Malawi ...
mamaye.org/en/evidence/community-linked-maternal-death-review-clmdr-measure-and-prevent-maternal-mortality-pilot

*  Being Bess: September 2013

A Protestant Allegory' (1) 'eyes' (1) 'gyspy' (1) 'pygmy' (3) 'spirit' (2) #Herstory (1) 1457 (1) 1485 (1) 1519 (1) 1533 (7) 1534 (1) 1536 (5) 1537 (1) 1540 (1) 1541 (1) 1543 (1) 1546 (1) 1547 (1) 1548 (2) 1549 (2) 1552 (1) 1553 (1) 1554 (1) 1555 (2) 1558 (3) 1559 (2) 1560 (1) 1561 (1) 1562 (4) 1563 (2) 1564 (1) 1565 (1) 1570 (1) 1571 (2) 1572 (2) 1575 (1) 1583 (1) 1584 (1) 1585 (2) 1586 (7) 1587 (6) 1588 (5) 1591 (2) 1592 (2) 1596 (1) 1598 (2) 1601 (4) 1603 (4) 1612 (1) 16th century (2) 16th century portraits (1) 39 Articles of Faith (2) A Midsummer Night's Dream (2) A Protestant Allegory (1) Accession Day (4) Accession Day Tilt (2) Accession of Queen Elizabeth I (2) Act of Succession (3) Alison Plowden (1) Alison Weir (3) All About That Bass (1) All Things Robert Dudley (1) Allegory of the Tudor Sucession (1) Ambrose Dudley (4) American Colonies (2) Amyas Paulet (2) An Elizabethan Maundy (4) Andy Kesson (1) Anglican Church (4) Anna Bolena (2) Annals of Queen Elizabeth (3) Anne Boleyn (35) Anne ...
beingbess.blogspot.ca/2013/09/

*  Malawi: University of Livingstonia Students Invent 'Sensory Magic Stick' for the Visually Impaired - allAfrica.com

Students from University of Livingstonia (Unilia) have devised a sensory walking stick that will help people with impaired vision to detect any objects in their way when they are walking.
allafrica.com/stories/201710070131.html

*  CSI events in Malawi

Promote an event and your brand on Bizcommunity by submitting a workshop, seminar or any other corporate gathering! Posted event listings display in the Biz Event Calendar, where they are visible to all users on Bizcommunity, and they may even be included in the relevant daily/weekly industry newsletters. For branded featured events, see our Rate Card ...
bizcommunity.com/Events/129/157.html

*  20/20</span> <span class="link-text-short">20/20</span>

ABC's 20/20 is the prime time news magazine program featuring co-anchors Elizabeth Vargas and David Muir. From newsmaker interviews,hard-hitting investigative reports, Barbara Walters exclusives, compelling features and medical mysteries.
abcnews.go.com/2020

(1/1016) A cost comparison of approaches to sexually transmitted disease treatment in Malawi.

Since syndromic management of STDs requires treatment with at least two antibiotics per patient, one of the concerns raised by adoption of the syndromic approach is the cost of drugs, especially for developing countries with limited drug budgets. The objective of the current study is to compare the cost-effectiveness of syndromic management to current national practice for the management of STDs in Malawi. The actual cost of observed antibiotic treatment for 144 patients receiving same day treatment for two STD syndromes in Malawi was determined using prices from the Malawi government supply catalogue. This was then compared to the calculated cost of treatment had the same patients been managed syndromically according to national guidelines. The cost of drug treatment under current practice was similar to the cost of syndromic treatment. However, at least one-third of observed patients did not receive effective treatment for either likely cause of their STD syndrome and wastage accounted for 54% of total observed drug cost. Overall, syndromic management of STDs in Malawi would result in more effective treatment of STDs at no additional cost. Since the indirect costs of low treatment efficacy were not taken into account in this analysis, a net saving is likely to be realized with the adoption of syndromic management.  (+info)

(2/1016) Placental antibody transfer: influence of maternal HIV infection and placental malaria.

AIM: To determine the influence of placental malaria, maternal HIV infection, and maternal hypergammaglobulinaemia on transplacental IgG antibody transfer. METHODS: One hundred and eighty materno-neonatal pairs from a Malawian population were assessed. Cord and maternal serum samples were tested for total serum IgG antibody titres using nephelometry, and for specific IgG antibody titres to Streptococcus pneumoniae, measles, and tetanus toxoid antibodies using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Multiple regression analyses showed that placental malaria was associated with a decrease in placental IgG antibody transfer to S pneumoniae and measles to 82% and 81%, respectively. Maternal HIV infection was associated with a reduction in IgG antibody transfer to S pneumoniae to 79%; raised maternal total serum IgG titres were correlated with S pneumoniae and measles IgG antibody transfer reduction to 86% and 87%, respectively. No effect was seen with tetanus toxoid antibody transfer. CONCLUSION: The combined influence of placental malaria, maternal HIV infection, and maternal hypergammaglobulinaemia seems to be linked to the low transplacental antibody transfer observed in the Malawian population.  (+info)

(3/1016) Increased prevalence of malaria in HIV-infected pregnant women and its implications for malaria control.

OBJECTIVES: To examine in pregnant women the relationship between HIV infection and malaria prevalence and to determine, in relation to HIV infection, the effectiveness of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine in clearing P. falciparum infection. METHOD: Descriptive cross-sectional analysis of P. falciparum prevalence in pregnant women at first antenatal visit and of women at delivery who had received two sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine treatments for malaria. HIV status was assessed in 621 women who attended for antenatal care and for delivery at two rural hospitals in southern Malawi in 1993-94. Information was collected on maternal age, parity and gestational age. Prevalence of P. falciparum was measured at first antenatal visit and delivery. Women were given two routine treatment doses of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), at first antenatal visit and between 28 and 34 weeks gestation, conforming to Malawi government policy on antimalarial control during pregnancy. RESULTS: Prevalence of HIV infection was 25.6% and all infections were HIV type-1. In primigravidae malaria prevalence at recruitment was 56.3% in HIV-infected and 36.5% in HIV-uninfected women (P=0.04). The corresponding figures for multigravidae were 23.8% and 11.0%, respectively (P<0.01). HIV-infected primigravidae had increased malaria prevalence at all gestational ages. Peak parasite prevalence occurred earlier in gestation in HIV-infected primigravidae (16-19 weeks if HIV-infected; 20-23 weeks if HIV-uninfected). The relative risk for parasitaemia in HIV-infected compared to HIV-uninfected women was significantly increased in three of five parity groups, including the two highest ones (parity>3), indicating parity-specific immunity to malaria was impaired. Malaria prevalence at delivery remained high in HIV-infected women despite prior routine treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine in pregnancy There was no significant difference in parasite prevalence at delivery between women who did or did not use sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine. CONCLUSIONS: HIV infection is associated with a significant increase in malaria prevalence in pregnant women of all parities with the effect apparent from early in gestation. Two treatment doses of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine were inadequate to clear parasitaemia in many women by the time of delivery and this occurred independently of HIV status and despite high sensitivity to SP in this area. There is a need to undertake longitudinal studies to determine the incidence of P. falciparum infection in HIV-infected and uninfected pregnant women and to reassess the frequency and timing of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine treatment doses in these women. Late pregnancy re-infections with P. falciparum probably explain the high parasite prevalence at delivery following sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine treatment at 28-34 weeks gestation.  (+info)

(4/1016) Malaria infection during pregnancy: intrauterine growth retardation and preterm delivery in Malawi.

In sub-Saharan Africa, malaria infection in pregnancy contributes to low birth weight through intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and preterm delivery (PTD). It was hypothesized that malaria-associated PTD and IUGR have differing etiologies due to timing of infection. In a prospective cohort of primigravid women enrolled at the antenatal clinic of Mangochi District Hospital in Malawi, the associations were investigated between antenatal or delivery parasitemias and IUGR or PTD. Among 178 singleton deliveries, 35% of infants were preterm or had IUGR. Cord blood parasitemia (odds ratio [OR]=3.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3-8.8], placental parasitemia (OR=2.43; 95% CI, 1.2-5.1), and postdelivery maternal peripheral parasitemia (OR=2.78; 95% CI, 1.3-6.1) were associated with PTD. Parasitemia and/or clinically diagnosed malaria in the antenatal period was associated with IUGR (OR=5.13; 95% CI, 1.4-19.4). Delivery parasitemias had borderline associations with IUGR. The risk patterns observed suggest that the timing and severity of infection influences the occurrence of IUGR or PTD.  (+info)

(5/1016) Human immunodeficiency virus load in breast milk, mastitis, and mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 load in breast milk and mastitis were examined as risk factors for vertical transmission of HIV-1. Six weeks after delivery, HIV-1 load and sodium (an indicator of mastitis) were measured in breast milk from 334 HIV-1-infected women in Malawi. Median breast milk HIV-1 load was 700 copies/mL among women with HIV-1-infected infants versus undetectable (<200 copies/mL) among those with uninfected infants, respectively (P<. 0001). Elevated breast milk sodium levels consistent with mastitis occurred in 16.4% of HIV-1-infected women and were associated with increased vertical transmission of HIV-1 (P<.0001). Median breast milk HIV-1 load was 920 copies/mL among women with versus undetectable among those without elevated breast milk sodium levels, respectively (P<.0001). Mastitis and breast milk HIV-1 load may increase the risk of vertical transmission of HIV-1 through breast-feeding.  (+info)

(6/1016) True status of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis defaulters in Malawi.

The article reports the results of a study to determine the true outcome of 8 months of treatment received by smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients who had been registered as defaulters in the Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH) and Mlambe Mission Hospital (MMH), Blantyre, Malawi. The treatment outcomes were documented from the tuberculosis registers of all patients registered between 1 October 1994 and 30 September 1995. The true treatment outcome for patients who had been registered as defaulters was determined by making personal inquiries at the treatment units and the residences of patients or relatives and, in a few cases, by writing to the appropriate postal address. Interviews were carried out with patients who had defaulted and were still alive and with matched, fully compliant PTB patients who had successfully completed the treatment to determine the factors associated with defaulter status. Of the 1099 patients, 126 (11.5%) had been registered as defaulters, and the true treatment outcome was determined for 101 (80%) of the latter; only 22 were true defaulters, 31 had completed the treatment, 31 had died during the treatment period, and 17 had left the area. A total of 8 of the 22 true defaulters were still alive and were compared with the compliant patients. Two significant characteristics were associated with the defaulters; they were unmarried; and they did not know the correct duration of antituberculosis treatment. Many of the smear-positive tuberculosis patients who had been registered as defaulters in the Blantyre district were found to have different treatment outcomes, without defaulting. The quality of reporting in the health facilities must therefore be improved in order to exclude individuals who are not true defaulters.  (+info)

(7/1016) Creation and testing of a practical visual function assessment for use in Africa: correlation with visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and near vision in Malawian adults.

AIM: To develop and test a practical visual function assessment for use in developing countries. METHODS: Using focus group discussions and interviews with eyecare workers and low vision specialists in Malawi, 13 questions related to visual characteristics of activities of daily living were designed. Patients presenting to an eye clinic were recruited and interviewed. Visual acuity, near vision, and contrast sensitivity were measured. Analysis sought to determine the degree of correlation between the vision indices and visual function. RESULTS: The visual function questionnaire was easy to administer. Visual function correlated with visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, near vision, and patient reported visual problem. People with a higher frequency of "not applicable" responses had lower visual function scores. Multivariate modelling revealed that visual acuity and number of questions felt to be applicable were independently associated with visual function. Reducing the questionnaire to nine questions did not affect the degree of correlation with any of the visual indices. CONCLUSION: The authors' visual function assessment correlates well with different measures of visual acuity. People with reduced vision for a prolonged period may no longer consider doing certain tasks and the number of questions considered appropriate by an individual may be an additional measure of visual function. Assessment of visual function by health workers may be a valuable tool in improving surgical uptake by encouraging both health personnel and patients to recognise that they have difficulties undertaking activities of daily living as well as a measure of monitoring and evaluating cataract outcomes.  (+info)

(8/1016) Characterization of V3 sequence heterogeneity in subtype C human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from Malawi: underrepresentation of X4 variants.

We have examined the nature of V3 sequence variability among subtype C human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) sequences from plasma-derived viral RNA present in infected men from Malawi. Sequence variability was assessed by direct sequence analysis of the V3 reverse transcription-PCR products, examination of virus populations by a subtype C V3-specific heteroduplex tracking assay (V3-HTA), and selected sequence analysis of molecular clones derived from the PCR products. Sequence variability in V3 among the subtype C viruses was not associated with the presence of basic amino acid substitutions. This observation is in contrast to that for subtype B HIV-1, where sequence variability is associated with such substitutions, and these substitutions are determinants of altered coreceptor usage. Evolutionary variants in subtype C V3 sequences, as defined by the V3-HTA, were not correlated with the CD4 level in the infected person, while such a correlation was found with subtype B V3 sequences. Viruses were isolated from a subset of the subjects; all isolates used CCR5 and not CXCR4 as a coreceptor, and none was able to grow in MT-2 cells, a hallmark of the syncytium-inducing phenotype that is correlated with CXCR4 usage. The overall sequence variability of the subtype C V3 region was no greater than that of the conserved regions of gp120. This limited sequence variability was also a feature of subtype B V3 sequences that do not carry the basic amino acid substitutions associated with altered coreceptor usage. Our results indicate that altered coreceptor usage is rare in subtype C HIV-1 isolates in sub-Saharan Africa and that sequence variability is not a feature of the V3 region of env in the absence of altered coreceptor usage.  (+info)



Africa


  • A republic and member of the Commonwealth, Malawi is a landlocked state in eastern Africa. (britannica.com)
  • Malawi landlocked country in southeastern Africa. (britannica.com)
  • Malawi joins an increasing number of countries that have declined to welcome al-Bashir," said Alan Wallis, international justice lawyer at the Southern Africa Litigation Center, quoted by Human Rights Watch. (cnn.com)

Lake Malawi


  • Apart from Lake Malawi, it's this southeast African country's most outstanding geographical feature, and a popular myth- - propagated in forums as varied as travel blogs and scientific journals- - has it that this sudden outcropping provided the blueprint for Tolkien's Lonely Mountain, home to the dragon Smaug and his hoard of gold. (startribune.com)
  • DAR ES SALAAM (Reuters) - Tanzania and Malawi agreed on Saturday to appoint an international mediator to resolve a long-running border dispute over Lake Malawi, thought to sit over rich oil and gas reserves. (reuters.com)
  • Malawi claims sovereignty over the entirety of Lake Malawi, Africa's third-largest lake, while Tanzania says it is entitled to 50 percent of it. (reuters.com)
  • Lake Malawi is known as Lake Nyasa in Tanzania. (reuters.com)
  • Last year Malawi, an impoverished southern African country, awarded oil exploration licences to UK-based Surestream Petroleum to search for oil in Lake Malawi, as it hopes to join the regional oil and gas bonanza. (reuters.com)
  • However, Mr Green says that "the crystal clear waters of Lake Malawi are impossible to avoid jumping into," and added that he had never had any health problems as a result. (world-first.co.uk)
  • It is always advisable to get good travel insurance if on a trip to destinations such as Lake Malawi, as health problems can often blight a trip as well as cause complications. (world-first.co.uk)

1995


  • Monetary unit: Malawi kwacha, with (Oct. 6, 1995) a free rate of 15.26 kwacha to U.S. $1 (24.13 kwacha = £1 sterling). (britannica.com)

kwacha


  • The President of Malawi, Bingu wa Mutharika's government which had been adamant on devaluing the national currency, the Malawi Kwacha (MK), has finally succumbed to the pressure. (bizcommunity.com)
  • On Monday 8 August 2011, the Reserve Bank of Malawi devalued the Kwacha by about 10% against the U.S. dollar to 165. (bizcommunity.com)

country's


  • For its recognition of the need for a strong and comprehensive adjustment program to arrest the country's economic and financial deterioration, Malawi received a vote of confidence by the International Monetary Fund at the end of 1994. (britannica.com)
  • The country's forex shortage woes compounded availability of fuel as the recurrent fuel crisis that has hit Malawi in September 2010, which has never been seen before in the history of the country. (bizcommunity.com)

Mutharika


  • Malawi welcomed al-Bashir last year for a regional trade meeting when the country was led by President Bingu wa Mutharika. (cnn.com)
  • Speaking at the Global Leaders' Meeting on 27 September 2015, President Arthur Peter Mutharika said: "My Government and I personally [are] committed to the accelerated implementation of actions and activities which aim to achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls in Malawi. (unwomen.org)
  • Mutharika was reacting to the IMF announcement that Malawi had stalled over policy disagreements on its current IMF chaperoned programme. (bizcommunity.com)

last


  • Last month Malawi pulled out of talks after it accused its neighbour of intimidating Malawi fishermen, an accusation denied by the Tanzanian government. (reuters.com)

Women


  • Malawi commits to the accelerated implementation of actions to achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. (unwomen.org)

news


  • Undule Mwakasungula, director of the Malawi Center for Human Rights and Rehabilitation, is quoted in a Human Rights Watch news release Friday that "Malawi has done right by Darfur victims today. (cnn.com)
  • Some very encouraging news reaches us from Malawi, where the Association for Secular Humanism has been campaigning for the release of Malawians convicted and jailed after being accused of practising witchcraft. (newhumanist.org.uk)
  • Belief in witchcraft is widespread in Malawi, so the news that the government may be withdrawing its support for the persecution of accused "witches" represents a major success for the ASH. (newhumanist.org.uk)

national


  • Malawi has identified gender equality and women's empowerment as core priorities of the revised Malawi Growth and Development Strategy, and integrated gender-responsive budgeting in the national budget. (unwomen.org)
  • Mtimuni (1982), in a national survey, identified phosphorus, copper and zinc, besides sodium, as the minerals that are deficient in soil, plant and animal tissues in Malawi. (lrrd.org)

Category


  • Illustrates TRAVEL-MALAWI (category t), by Henry Wismayer, special to The Washington Post. (startribune.com)

African


  • Malawi said it won't host an African Union summit next month because the organization wants Omar al-Bashir, the Sudanese leader accused of war crimes in Darfur , to attend. (cnn.com)

countries


  • Malawi is one of many countries that ratified the Rome Statute, which created the ICC, and those nations are obliged to carry out the court's orders, including its arrest warrants. (cnn.com)

support


  • Banda has said that Malawi would lose all-important donor support if it invited al-Bashir to the country. (cnn.com)