Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Suburban Health: The status of health in suburban populations.Victoria: A state in southeastern Australia, the southernmost state. Its capital is Melbourne. It was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook and first settled by immigrants from Tasmania. In 1851 it was separated from New South Wales as a separate colony. Self-government was introduced in 1851; it became a state in 1901. It was named for Queen Victoria in 1851. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1295 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p574)Hazardous Waste: Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.Government Programs: Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.Knowledge Management: The leveraging of collective wisdom within an organization as a catalyst to increase responsiveness and innovation.Emergency Responders: Personnel trained to provide the initial services, care, and support in EMERGENCIES or DISASTERS.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Mortality, Premature: Deaths that occur before LIFE EXPECTANCY is reached within a given population.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.JapanSocioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.United StatesNew Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Republic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Anesthesia, Local: A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.

*  WATERFURNACE INTL INC v. DEPARTMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE | FindLaw

DEPARTMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE. Read the Court's full decision on FindLaw. ... v. Dep't of Local Gov't Fin., 783 N.E.2d 387, 390 (Ind. Tax Ct.2003). Accordingly, this Court reverses final determinations of ... WATERFURNACE INTL., INC., Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE,1 Respondent. ... The local assessing officials assessed that section using the GCI schedule.. Waterfurnace challenged its assessment by filing a ...
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*  Witney borough: Local government | British History Online

... passed to an elected local board established under the 1858 Local Government Act. In 1895, under the Local Government Act of ... Town Government from 1974. Under local government reorganization in 1974 Witney became part of the new West Oxfordshire ... In 1863 the inspectors were superseded by a new local board established under the Local Government Act of 1858, which assumed ... Witney borough: Local government. Pages 111-130. A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 14, Bampton Hundred (Part Two). ...
british-history.ac.uk/vch/oxon/vol14/pp111-130

*  Council to Teach Indochinese About Local Government Issues - latimes

Political assimilation is in store for the more than 42,000 Indochinese living in San Diego, as City Hall officials announced plans Monday to form an Indochinese Community Council to educate
articles.latimes.com/1985-05-07/local/me-11239_1_city-issues

*  Committee shoots down limits on local government spending :: WRAL.com

The House Local Government Committee killed the measure. ... Michael Speciale, R-Craven, would have allowed local residents ... Raleigh, N.C. - The House Local Government Committee on Thursday killed a bill that would have let local residents use a ... However, members of the Local Government Committee, many of who are former county commissioners and city council members, saw ... Local News. Jose expected to pass by NC, stay offshore. Sponsor. Weather. Hurricane Maria smashes Dominica, now menaces other ...
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*  Local Government Financing Tools

TxDOT is available as a resource to local governments to explore these available options. ... The State Legislature has helped to put in place financing tools both at the state and local levels to assist local governments ... and not all options described are applicable to all projects or all local governments. Local governments are encouraged to ... Local Funds and Fees: Local governments collect various fees and taxes to generate revenue for transportation projects. This ...
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*  Featured State and Local Government Solutions | Dell

Dell has over 20 years of experience working alongside government agencies - supplying the tools they need to meet their ...
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*  Access to Electronic Legal Information Committee

... executive branch and local government websites and link to them as examples. ... articulate and advance the law library profession's principles and values concerning public information provided on government ...
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*  Archive-It - Explore Archived Content

The Local Government Association is the national voice of local government across England and Wales, working with councils to ... This a Test of DOL hosted sites on 110308 www.DOL.gov www.dol.gov/EBSA www.dol.gov/ESA ... Subject: Government, Public administration, Society and culture, Electronic government information, New South Wales, Australia ... Also included are the websites of the Planning Advisory Service, Local government procurement and the National Graduate ...
https://archive-it.org/explore?sort=f_organizationName.desc&fc=dc_subject:Health Insurance&fc=dc_subject:CHIP&fc=organizationType:nationalInstitutions&fc=dc_subject:Medicare&fc=dc_subject:Medicaid&show=Collections&fc=meta_oai_Subject:Science

*  Lesedi Local Municipality - Fujitsu Sweden

After fully assessing the market place Lesedi chose to implement Fujitsu's Local Government Solution as it had a proven track ... Lesedi Local Municipality. Local Government Solution. to integrate and streamline utility bill payments and debt management. ... After fully assessing the market place Lesedi chose to implement Fujitsu's Local Government Solution as it had a proven track ... The Lesedi Local Municipality encompasses a broad range of areas from relatively developed urban centres to the rural areas ...
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*  5502.3 - Local Government, Queensland, 1993-94

All local authority areas: general summary (area, population, value of property, financial position); finance, all funds ( ...
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*  California Voters Secure Transparency in Local Government | Electronic Frontier Foundation

... a ballot measure that ensures that local agencies must comply with the California Public Records Act (CPRA). The final tally ... It will add independent force to the state's laws that require local governments to comply with open meeting and public record ... Proposition 42 will clarify that local government agencies and not the state are responsible for the costs associated with ... voters would need to approve a ballot measure settling once and for all that local government need to cover the costs ...
https://eff.org/es/deeplinks/2014/06/california-voters-secure-transparency-local-government

*  Ministry of Health - Ongoing Projects

The project is managed by the beneficiary local governments through the existing institutional arrangements of government.,/p ... The program districts in Uganda are composed of 15 district local governments, supported by NGOs active in their respective ... It was later taken over by the colonial government in 1935 after which it was handed over to the government of Uganda in 1965 ... It is further assumed that government and other development partners will ensure that the other areas of the health systems ...
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*  Petition Help Stop Local Government Abuse of 3xFlood Victim

We urge Pennsylvania legislature to put a stop to this absurd local abuse of power and allow this flood victim to get her life ... Sponsored by: Pennsylvania Residents for Integrity in Local Government. Links. http://floodweary.blogspot.com VIDEO OF HIGH ... Check here if you'd like to see some level of formal oversight ensuring accountability for Local PA municipalities' governance ... Not because of the flooding itself, but because of the inappropriate, counterproductive actions of a local Township - adding ...
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*  Local government in Scotland

Related subjects: UK Politics & government. Local government in Scotland is organised through 32 unitary authorities consisting ... Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA).. History. Between 1890 and 1975 local government in Scotland was organised ... The figures incorporate the results from the 2007 local government election, plus gains and losses from subsequent local by- ... The figures incorporate the results from the 2003 local government election, plus gains and losses from subsequent local by- ...
cs.mcgill.ca/~rwest/link-suggestion/wpcd_2008-09_augmented/wp/l/Local_government_in_Scotland.htm

*  The SAS Advanced Analytics Lab for State and Local Government | SAS

Analytics Lab develops innovative analytical processes and techniques for the most complex problems facing state and local ... The SAS Advanced Analytics Lab for State and Local Government. Partnering with state and local government agencies to deliver ... Based on a data analysis project conducted by the SAS Advanced Analytics Lab for State and Local Government, Wake County EMS ... Portfolio and market data is hosted at the SAS Advanced Analytics Lab for State and Local Government, saving tax dollars on ...
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*  Local government of pakistan

A brief description of local government of pakistan ... tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government ... British local government is representative self-government. The local council is directly elected, although the local executive ... Local government of pakistan * 1. 27/05/2014 HITEC University 1 * 2. Definition. Local Government system in Pakistan  ... 9. The new system provided a three-tier local government structure The District Government The Tehsil Government The Union ...
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*  Local government area - Wikipedia

Local government area della Nigeria) Gambia (Local government area del Gambia) Papua Nuova Guinea (Local level government area ... La Local government area (o LGA, traducibile in "Area ad amministrazione locale") è una tipologia di suddivisione ... amministrativa applicata in: Australia (Local government area dell'Australia) Nigeria ( ...
https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Local_government_area

*  Local government | Wales - ITV News

Get the latest Local government news in the Wales region on ITV News. Videos, stories and updates ... Credit: Welsh Government. The Welsh Government has published its plans to shake up local government. The current 22 local ... Local democracy in Wales is not an abstract political concept. The public want local government and local decision-making when ... The Local Government Minister will then publish a White Paper on the councils' future. The Government is pressing on despite so ...
itv.com/news/wales/topic/local-government/

*  Category:Local government in England - Wikipedia

The main article for this category is Local government in England.. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Local government in ... Pages in category "Local government in England". The following 47 pages are in this category, out of 47 total. This list may ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Local_government_in_England&oldid=783122309" ... Local Government (Religious etc. Observances) Act 2015. *Local Government Association. *Local Government Boundary Commission ...
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*  Local Government Publications

Publications on this page assist with local government projects. ...
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*  Local Gov

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*  Local government area dell'Australia Meridionale - Wikipedia

Segue una lista delle Local Government Area nell'Australia Meridionale. (EN) Elenco delle LGA dell'Australia Meridionale, lga. ...
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*  Local government in the Maritime Provinces [microform]

The BookReader requires JavaScript to be enabled. Please check that your browser supports JavaScript and that it is enabled in the browser settings. You can also try one of the other formats of the book. ...
archive.org/stream/cihm_79002

*  Local government | australia.gov.au

Local government. The six states and the Northern Territory have established one further level of government. Local governments ... The states and the Northern Territory each have many local governments within their borders. The state or territory government ... the responsibilities usually handled by local government are administered by a department of the territory government. ... The naming conventions for local governments vary across Australia. They can be called cities, shires, towns, or municipalities ...
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*  Star Trek (2009) / Headscratchers - TV Tropes

It was a government-sponsored attempt to boost tourism. * That's where they got the rock to make the mountains for the ... And besides which, how would you check the next planet over for breathable atmosphere, or poisonous radiation, or local life ... National and state governments can still exist on Earth, they just quit fighting each other and have entrusted planetary ... Why wouldn't California still have a flag? The Federation is just that: a federation that various planets' governments sign on ...
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Local government areas of Scotland: Local government areas covering the whole of Scotland were first defined by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889. As currently defined, they are a result, for the most part, of the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994.Nigerian Ports Authority: The Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) is a federal government agency that governs and operates the ports of Nigeria. The major ports controlled by the NPA include: the Lagos Port Complex and Tin Can Island Port in Lagos; Calabar Port, Delta Port, Rivers Port at Port Harcourt, and Onne Port.Local Health BoardWhitehall Study: The original Whitehall Study investigated social determinants of health, specifically the cardiovascular disease prevalence and mortality rates among British male civil servants between the ages of 20 and 64. The initial prospective cohort study, the Whitehall I Study, examined over 18,000 male civil servants, and was conducted over a period of ten years, beginning in 1967.Companies OfficeGeoScience Victoria: GeoScience Victoria, formerly the Geological Survey of Victoria is a government agency responsible for mapping the geology of Victoria, Australia.List of Superfund sites in the United States: These are lists of Superfund sites in the United States, designated under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980. Superfund sites are polluted locations requiring a long-term response to clean up hazardous material contaminations.Fome Zero: Fome Zero (, Zero Hunger) is a Brazilian government program introduced by the then President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in 2003, with the goal to eradicate hunger and extreme poverty in Brazil.Sustainable gardening: Sustainable gardening includes the more specific sustainable landscapes, sustainable landscape design, sustainable landscaping, sustainable landscape architecture, resulting in sustainable sites. It comprises a disparate group of horticultural interests that can share the aims and objectives associated with the international post-1980s sustainable development and sustainability programs developed to address the fact that humans are now using natural biophysical resources faster than they can be replenished by nature.World Trade Center Health Program: The World Trade Center Health Program (WTC Health Program) provides medical benefits to individuals affected by the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. The WTC Health Program was established by Title I of the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010 (Zadroga Act), P.Health policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.Chronic care: Chronic care refers to medical care which addresses pre-existing or long term illness, as opposed to acute care which is concerned with short term or severe illness of brief duration. Chronic medical conditions include asthma, diabetes, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, congestive heart disease, cirrhosis of the liver, hypertension and depression.Sharon Regional Health System: Sharon Regional Health System is a profit health care service provider based in Sharon, Pennsylvania. Its main hospital is located in Sharon; additionally, the health system operates schools of nursing and radiography; a comprehensive pain management center across the street from its main hospital; clinics in nearby Mercer, Greenville, Hermitage, and Brookfield, Ohio; and Sharon Regional Medical Park in Hermitage.Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: The Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) Program is a system of "managed competition" through which employee health benefits are provided to civilian government employees and annuitants of the United States government.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Healthy community design: Healthy community design is planning and designing communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. Healthy community design offers important benefits:Standard evaluation frameworkSchool health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Global Health Delivery ProjectNiigata UniversityList of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Vietnamese New ZealanderPsychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.Rainbow (South Korean band)Neighbourhood: A neighbourhood (Commonwealth English), or neighborhood (American English), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area. Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members.State health agency: A state health agency (SHA), or state department of health, is a department or agency of the state governments of the United States focused on public health. The state secretary of health is a constitutional or at times a statutory official in several states of the United States.Mortality rate: Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time. Mortality rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per 1,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 9.Local anesthetic: Local anesthetic (LA) is a medication that causes reversible absence of pain sensation, although other senses are often affected as well. Also, when it is used on specific nerve pathways (local anesthetic nerve block), paralysis (loss of muscle power) can be achieved as well.Prison commissary: A prison commissary or canteen is a store within a correctional facility, from which inmates may purchase products such as hygiene items, snacks, writing instruments, etc. Spices, including those packaged with instant ramen noodles, are a popular item due to the often bland nature of prison food.Private healthcarePrenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.

(1/277) Developing the effectiveness of an intersectoral food policy coalition through formative evaluation.

There is a difference between bringing parties together and making them work effectively. We present a case study of an intersectoral food policy Committee, part of a three-tiered coalition nested within local municipal government, which sought to promote and nutrition in a rapidly growing metropolitan region by tackling food supply issues in the first instance. This was new territory for all players. After 12 months, the group felt it was floundering and requested an evaluation. In-depth qualitative interviews with committee members (n = 21) and quantitative assessment of Committee processes revealed insufficient mechanisms for engaging new members, conflict between perceived roles for the group and a notable lack of confidence in the group's capacity to achieve its goals, or outcome efficacy. Feedback of the data and subsequent discussion led to a reform of project structure, stronger mechanisms to realize its goals and better incentive management, or ways to maximize the benefits and limit the costs for the diverse parties involved. The impact was reflected in a 4 year time series analysis of media releases, decision making and related municipal government actions. The study illustrates how theory-informed formative evaluation can help to improve health promotion practice.  (+info)

(2/277) Reducing firearm injuries: the role of local public health departments.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to gather data regarding local public health departments' involvement in activities to prevent firearm-related morbidity and mortality. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to local public health departments serving cities with populations > or =60,000 to assess their perceptions of the magnitude of the firearm injury problem in their jurisdictions and the activities in which they were engaged to reduce firearm-related injuries. RESULTS: Almost half (49.7%) of respondents said that their departments had not seriously thought about being involved in activities to reduce firearm-related injuries, and fewer than one in five (17.8%) reported that their departments were involved in such activities. Respondents identified three barriers to involvement in activities to reduce firearm injuries: limited financial resources (62.7% of respondents), lack of expertise (50.8%), and not enough time (47%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite the extent of firearm injuries in the US, systematic collection of local data on firearm morbidity and mortality to help guide policy development is lacking.  (+info)

(3/277) Cancer incidence near municipal solid waste incinerators in Great Britain. Part 2: histopathological and case-note review of primary liver cancer cases.

We reported previously a 37% excess risk of liver cancer within 1 km of municipal incinerators. Of 119/235 (51%) cases reviewed, primary liver cancer was confirmed in 66 (55%) with 21 (18%) definite secondary cancers. The proportions of true primaries ranging between 55% and 82% (i.e. excluding secondary cancers) give revised estimates of between 0.53 and 0.78 excess cases per 10(5) per year within 1 km.  (+info)

(4/277) Conceptualizing and applying a minimum basic needs approach in southern Philippines.

This study, a collaboration between Canadian and Filipino researchers, focuses on how the national government's Minimum Basic Needs (MBN) Approach has been implemented at the local level in some selected sites in Region XI on the Philippine island of Mindanao. This case study of MBN implementation focuses on the experiences of three municipalities and three barangays (villages) within them. The research explores, through interviews and group discussions, what the mayors, technical working groups and volunteer health workers in these areas thought about MBN and how they participated in the initiative. The objectives of the study were: to explore models of MBN data utilization at the municipal and barangay levels; to understand how the MBN data guided decision-making about community priorities and resource allocation; to examine the role that community volunteers played in promoting the use of MBN data, and in community health and development activities which ensued; and to determine what factors challenged or encouraged the use of MBN data for social development at the barangay level. In all the sites, MBN had some impact, most often due to methods of concentrating information on unmet basic needs locally and making use of it in planning and project development processes. The findings show that although there is still some way to go before MBN is effectively integrated into local planning and project development, some responses to problems have been implemented and innovative projects were undertaken or being considered.  (+info)

(5/277) The city government's role in community health improvement.

Amid increasing pressures to address complex issues not traditionally assigned to localities, Healthy Cities is seen as a powerful model for community improvement and quality-of-life enhancements for individuals and organizations willing to think beyond the traditional local government management models and responsibilities. As a model for community-oriented government, it offers opportunities for fostering a return to "barnraising" concepts, civic responsibility, participation, tailoring solutions to local circumstances, and the transition of local government to governance models.  (+info)

(6/277) Mandated managed care for blind and disabled Medicaid beneficiaries in a county-organized health system: implementation challenges and access issues.

OBJECTIVES: The challenges of Medicaid managed care organizations that serve blind and disabled members are reviewed. Beneficiary satisfaction and access to care are assessed, and access problems are identified and resolved or minimized to the greatest degree possible. STUDY DESIGN: Formative evaluation consisting of a mailed survey and follow-up telephone outreach contacts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A written survey was sent to more than 18,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) beneficiary members who were blind or disabled, with 5574 recipients responding. Of these, 1981 members identified issues that warranted 2106 follow-up telephone calls. RESULTS: Survey responses showed that beneficiaries had limited experience with managed care and were generally satisfied with access to primary care. The healthcare system used the study findings to develop focused training programs and materials, to initiate a special needs liaison program, and to revise guidelines to simplify and standardize authorization procedures for obtaining medical supplies and repairing equipment. CONCLUSIONS: Factors found to be associated with the success of a Medicaid managed care program serving blind and disabled beneficiaries include educating the members and providers for better understanding of managed care, incorporating collaborative service improvement activities, and documenting trends.  (+info)

(7/277) Privatization and the scope of public health: a national survey of local health department directors.

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to obtain and analyze nationally representative data on (1) privatization of local health department services, (2) local health department directors' beliefs and perspectives on the desirable role and focus of health departments, and (3) the influence of these views on privatization practices. METHODS: A stratified representative national sample of 380 local health department directors was drawn, and 347 directors were interviewed by telephone. Logistic regression established the independent effects of various factors on decisions to privatize. RESULTS: Almost three quarters (73%) of the local health departments privatized public health services of some type. The 12% of the directors who believed that local health departments should be restricted to the core public health functions and move entirely out of direct provision of personal health care were more likely to privatize services. The 77% of the directors who believed that local health departments should be involved in an increasing array of social problems were more likely to privatize. CONCLUSIONS: Privatization has quietly and quickly become commonplace in public health, and privatization practices are intimately related to divergent conceptions of public health and the role of local health departments.  (+info)

(8/277) Optimal fluoridation--The concept and its application to municipal water fluoridation.

Optimal fluoridation has been defined as that fluoride exposure which confers maximal cariostasis with minimal toxicity and its values have been previously determined to be 0.5 to 1 mg per day for infants and 1 to 1.5 mg per day for an average child. Total fluoride ingestion and urine excretion were studied in Marin County, California, children in 1973 before municipal water fluoridation. Results showed fluoride exposure to be higher than anticipated and fulfilled previously accepted criteria for optimal fluoridation. Present and future water fluoridation plans need to be reevaluated in light of total environmental fluoride exposure.  (+info)



councils


  • If local councils don't want to merge, they'll still have to share services under the latest Welsh Government proposals. (itv.com)
  • Finance and local government secretary Mark Drakeford says local councils won't want to increase council tax by more than 5% next year. (itv.com)
  • Thanks to Plaid and Labour, local people won't get a say on the future of our councils. (itv.com)
  • The Welsh Local Government Association has said that today's proposals to shake up local councils offers no further assurances for council tax payers in Wales. (itv.com)
  • The WLGA says there's no consensus between the councils and the Welsh government about today's proposals. (itv.com)
  • This means looking at greater integration of health and social care, freeing up authorities from Government bureaucracy and regulation and also empowering local communities through their councils. (itv.com)
  • Councils receive the majority of their funding from central government, through Aggregate External Finance (AEF). (mcgill.ca)
  • Local governments (also known as local councils) handle community needs like waste collection, public recreation facilities and town planning. (australia.gov.au)
  • Local councils need to act immediately to save the celebrated, iconic K6 red telephone kiosks within their boundaries. (blogs.com)
  • At a meeting hosted by English Heritage earlier this month, I and others made a strong plea to BT to extend their deadline of 1 October by which local councils must respond to BT's latest initiative on K6s. (blogs.com)
  • Throughout England, parish and town councils form the lowest tier of local government. (britannica.com)

authorities


  • Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA). (mcgill.ca)
  • The power invested in local authorities is administered by elected councillors. (mcgill.ca)
  • This U.S. Department of Transportation program provides an opportunity for state and local governments, metropolitan planning organizations, transit agencies and port authorities to invest in road, rail, transit and port projects that promise to achieve critical national objectives. (txdot.gov)
  • The first National Adaptation Programme addresses the risks set out in the UK Climate Change Risk Assessment to help businesses, local authorities and civil society become more resilient to climate change impacts. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • The Sustainable Scotland Network reports that Scotland's local authorities are making progress on climate change, according to the analysis of Scotland's Climate Change Declaration Year Four Reports. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • A new good-practice guide on how to achieve sustainable development through sustainable design and construction, and local plan-making, has produced for use by local planning authorities in England, together with other interested parties. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • The Planning and Climate Change Coalition, a cross-sector group that seeks to ensure the planning system responds effectively to the challenges of climate change, has published a guide for local authorities on planning for climate change. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • The Committee on Climate Change highlights the vital role local government must play if the UK is to meet its targets on cutting carbon emissions, in new guidance to support local authorities in reducing emissions and managing climate risks. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • In Wales these local government areas are known as either counties or county boroughs, while in Scotland they are variously known as council areas or local government authorities or, in some cases, cities. (britannica.com)
  • These areas are known in England as unitary authorities (since they form a single tier of local government above the parishes and towns) or metropolitan boroughs (which are functionally equivalent to unitary authorities but form part of a larger metropolitan county). (britannica.com)

powers


  • Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government. (slideshare.net)
  • In federal states, local government are generally the third (or sometimes fourth) tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions. (slideshare.net)
  • 8.  The Zila Nazim used to be the executive head of the District Administration up until 2010, when the government gave their powers to the District Coordination Officers also. (slideshare.net)
  • The state or territory government defines the powers of the local governments, and decides what geographical areas those governments are responsible for. (australia.gov.au)
  • Local governments have very few legislative powers and must act within the framework of laws passed by the central Parliament (and by the Scottish Parliament in Scotland). (britannica.com)
  • In Scotland and Wales this second tier is the only one with broad powers over major local government functions. (britannica.com)
  • In some areas of England this second tier of local government is the only one with broad statutory and administrative powers. (britannica.com)

Districts


  • Districts are the third tier of government, being sub-divisions of provinces. (slideshare.net)
  • In other areas of England, districts, boroughs, and cities form an intermediate tier of local government between the towns and parishes on the one hand and administrative counties on the other. (britannica.com)

2001


  • 6.  The 2001 Local Government Ordinance provides for devolution of government to district administrations. (slideshare.net)
  • The Texas Legislature authorized RMAs in 2001 to provide a flexible way to address local transportation needs and to develop projects quickly. (txdot.gov)

Scotland


  • This system was further refined by the passing of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1947. (mcgill.ca)
  • A local authority case study being featured at this year's Sustainable Scotland Network Conference describes how Highland Council has reduced business travel by 27% over four years. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • For a full account of local government in each part of the United Kingdom, see the discussions of local government in the articles on England , Wales , Scotland , and Northern Ireland . (britannica.com)
  • In Scotland and Wales regional governments handle some of these functions, and local governments handle the remainder. (britannica.com)

elections


  • Counting starts in local elections: what can we expect? (itv.com)
  • Counting's underway in the local elections. (itv.com)
  • The figures incorporate the results from the 2007 local government election, plus gains and losses from subsequent local by-elections, and party defections. (mcgill.ca)

TxDOT


  • TxDOT is a resource for local governments to explore these and other available options. (txdot.gov)

Wales


  • We call on the Welsh Government today to work closely with the WLGA and hold an urgent summit of the 22 council leaders and senior ministers, to discuss the future of local government in Wales. (itv.com)

election


  • Large scale changes to Local Government structures should not be decided by politicians with no mandate but should be decided by people in an election. (itv.com)

tier


  • 3.  Local government is a form of public administration which in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. (slideshare.net)
  • Parts of the United Kingdom have as many as three levels, or tiers, of local government, each with its own responsibilities, whereas other areas have only a single tier or two tiers. (britannica.com)
  • The next tier of local government is usually known in England and Northern Ireland as a district, borough, or city. (britannica.com)
  • Administrative counties, which cover much of England, are the highest tier of local government where they exist. (britannica.com)
  • In Greater London, boroughs form the lowest tier of local government and are responsible for most local government functions. (britannica.com)

Funds


  • This local revenue in combination with state and federal funds can finance eligible transportation projects. (txdot.gov)

Grants


  • They are funded by the council taxes that they levy, by business rates (taxes levied on nonresidential properties, such as stores, offices, factories, and warehouses), by fees for services, and by grants from the central government. (britannica.com)

level


  • 16. In order to establish democracy at grassroots level, General Pervez Musharaf, introduced the Local Government System. (slideshare.net)
  • The six states and the Northern Territory have established one further level of government. (australia.gov.au)
  • This lowest level of local government has no counterpart in Northern Ireland. (britannica.com)
  • In Northern Ireland this is the only level of local government. (britannica.com)

communities


  • 1. The mix-adjusted house price series are produced by Communities and Local Government and are being published on an experimental basis. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)

responsibilities


  • In the Australian Capital Territory, the responsibilities usually handled by local government are administered by a department of the territory government. (australia.gov.au)
  • The responsibilities of local governments in Northern Ireland are limited to environmental matters, sanitation, and recreation. (britannica.com)

news


  • In future, our existing SD Twitter feed and GOV.UK will mainly be used to highlight Government SD news and publications etc. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • SD Scene publishes news and comment on sustainable development from authors across government, business and civil society. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)

Limits


  • Nevertheless, they do have the power to enact regulations and to levy council taxes (property taxes) within limits set by the central government. (britannica.com)

Regional


  • A suite of publications from The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) study offer advice and guidance for local and regional policymakers, drawing expertise from science, economics and policy to enable practical actions. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)

area


  • Segue una lista delle Local Government Area nell'Australia Meridionale. (wikipedia.org)

known


  • Prior to the Local Government Ordinance they were known as sub-divisions. (slideshare.net)

System


  • Each part of the United Kingdom has a distinct system of local government. (britannica.com)

state


  • They can be called cities, shires, towns, or municipalities, but they are still controlled by the state or territory government above them. (australia.gov.au)
  • Fortunately, the state Legislature has helped establish state and local financing tools to assist local governments with transportation projects. (txdot.gov)

find


  • The Joseph Rowntree Foundation has explored local approaches to climate change across the UK, to find out how far social justice is being considered, and makes policy and practice recommendations for socially just local responses. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)

Association


  • EN) Local Government Association di Queensland, lgaq.asn.au. (wikipedia.org)

England


  • Wikimedia Commons has media related to Local government in England . (wikipedia.org)

Australia


discuss


  • Local governments are encouraged to discuss options with local counsel. (txdot.gov)

Options


  • Note: This site does not describe all financing options that may be available to local governments for transportation projects, and not all options described are applicable to all projects or all local governments. (txdot.gov)

fees


  • Local governments collect various fees and taxes to generate revenue for transportation projects. (txdot.gov)

Role


  • Their role is similar to district governor or prefect, with responsibility for implementing government strategy and developing initiatives arising out of it. (slideshare.net)

back


  • Plaid Cymru has stopped Labour from enforcing their map for local government reorganisation through the back door before plans are put to people. (itv.com)

currently


  • This summit could debate the way forward in terms of structures, but more importantly set in place a new vision for local government which is currently at the epicentre of public sector funding cuts and is having to carry a disproportionate share of the huge austerity burden. (itv.com)

views


  • The views expressed are those of the individual authors and do not necessarily reflect government policy. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)