No data available that match "Lobbying"



*  Lobbyists.info - Your Lobbying Information Resource

... organizations they lobby for plus members of Congress and Congressional staffers. Listings include contact information, ... Lobbying Spending/Income. Spending 2017 Q3: -N/A-. 2017 Q2: $1,730,000. 2017 Q1: $2,660,000 2016 : $8,490,014 2015 : $ ... I was in the mood to grab a Public bike in the hotel lobby early the next morning and rolled out into Denver's wide streets for ... A good bar and lobby menu available all day - and offering such local fare as mussels and Irish beef as well as the usual ...

*  Tobacco: Lobbying, 2017 | OpenSecrets

Tobacco: Lobbying, 2017. Loading Chart. Total for Tobacco: $16,092,111. Total Number of Clients Reported: 25. Total Number of ...

*  Lobbying Spending Database - , 2002 | OpenSecrets

Explore the billions of dollars special interest groups are spending on lobbying in Washington, D.C., -- and on what -- at ...

*  Misc Manufacturing & Distributing: Lobbying, 2017 | OpenSecrets

Misc Manufacturing & Distributing: Lobbying, 2017. Loading Chart. Total for Misc Manufacturing & Distributing: $64,001,751. ...

*  Jerry Lewis - Lowery lobbying firm controversy - Wikipedia

a b c d Lobbying revenues, 1998-2004, and clients of Copeland Lowery, Center for Public Integrity ... The Jerry Lewis - Lowery lobbying firm controversy stems from the relationship between Congressman Jerry Lewis (R-CA) and a ... "ESRI is subpoenaed: Lobbying probe taps company in Redlands". San Bernardino County Sun. Archived from the original on 2007-09- ... Jerry Lewis - Lowery lobbying firm controversy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (Redirected from Jerry Lewis - Lowery ...

*  Protection, lobbying, and market structure

We analyze a model of lobbying by oligopolists who allocate resources between lobbying and internal cost-reducing activities. ... We ask the following questions: (i) if firms differ with respect to comparative advantage in lobbying, what is the equilibrium ... On donne des réponses aux questions suivantes: (i) quelles sont les allocations de ressources en équilibre? Le lobbying ... allocation of resources between lobbying and cost-reducing activities? (ii) can the possibility of lobbying reverse the ...

*  Lobbying Spending Database-Agriculture, 2013 | OpenSecrets

Explore the billions of dollars special interest groups are spending on lobbying in Washington, D.C., -- and on what -- at ... No lobbying activity.. H.R. 1947 The Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act H.R. 2642 the Federal Agriculture ... Each client may report lobbying on multiple issues.. Feel free to distribute or cite this material, but please credit the ...

*  Lobbying Spending Database - Medicago, 2017 | OpenSecrets

Explore the billions of dollars special interest groups are spending on lobbying in Washington, D.C., -- and on what -- at ... Total Lobbying Expenditures: $14,000. Subtotal for Parent Medicago: $14,000 Medicago Lobbying by Industry. Industry. Total. ... NOTE: All lobbying expenditures on this page come from the Senate Office of Public Records. Data for the most recent year was ... A special interest's lobbying activity may go up or down over time, depending on how much attention the federal government is ...

*  Lobbying Spending Database-Priority Health, 2012 | OpenSecrets

Explore the billions of dollars special interest groups are spending on lobbying in Washington, D.C., -- and on what -- at ... NOTE: Occasionally, a lobbying client may refer to a bill number from a previous Congress, either in error or because they are ... In these cases, it will appear as though they are lobbying on the bill sharing that number in the Congress in which they are ... To see more information about the bill the client is lobbying on, you can look at the specific report under the "Report images ...

*  Lobbying Spending Database-Oxygen Media, 2002 | OpenSecrets

Explore the billions of dollars special interest groups are spending on lobbying in Washington, D.C., -- and on what -- at ... Bills lobbied, 2002. Year: 2007. ") 2006. ") 2002. ") NOTE: Occasionally, a lobbying client may refer to a bill number from a ... In these cases, it will appear as though they are lobbying on the bill sharing that number in the Congress in which they are ... To see more information about the bill the client is lobbying on, you can look at the specific report under the "Report images ...

*  Lobbying Spending Database-Medline Industries, 2013 | OpenSecrets

Explore the billions of dollars special interest groups are spending on lobbying in Washington, D.C., -- and on what -- at ... Bills lobbied, 2013. Year: 2013. ") 2012. ") 2002. ") 2001. ") 2000. ") 1999. ") NOTE: Occasionally, a lobbying client may ... In these cases, it will appear as though they are lobbying on the bill sharing that number in the Congress in which they are ... To see more information about the bill the client is lobbying on, you can look at the specific report under the "Report images ...

*  Lobbying Spending Database-Reynolds Metals, 2010 | OpenSecrets

Explore the billions of dollars special interest groups are spending on lobbying in Washington, D.C., -- and on what -- at ... Bills lobbied, 2010. Year: 2010. ") 2009. ") 2008. ") 2006. ") 1998. ") NOTE: Occasionally, a lobbying client may refer to a ... In these cases, it will appear as though they are lobbying on the bill sharing that number in the Congress in which they are ... To see more information about the bill the client is lobbying on, you can look at the specific report under the "Report images ...

*  The Senate Approach to Lobbying Reform

Grassroots lobbying campaigns now constitute a major part of lobbying activities. Huge sums are spent on paid media, ... It also increases the penalties for failure to comply with lobbying laws and provides for a GAO audit of lobbying reports. ... Yet professional grassroots ("Astroturf") lobbying organizations and lobbying firms are not required to report on the sums they ... but the prohibition on lobbying activity is extended to the entire Senate. In addition, the Senate bill expands the lobbying ...

*  Tobacco Lobbying Is Smoking Hot - CSMonitor.com

The Tobacco Institute, the lobbying and public relations outfit representing most tobacco manufacturers, is disseminating an ... took vacation time and rented 36 buses to come to Washington to lobby. Maura Payne Ellis, a spokeswoman at Reynolds, speaks of ...

*  Lobbying Spending Database-Avenue Solutions, 2008 | OpenSecrets

Explore the billions of dollars special interest groups are spending on lobbying in Washington, D.C., -- and on what -- at ... Lobbying Firm Hired. Amount. Subsidiary (Lobbied For). Lobbyist. Liberty Square DC $150,000. Avenue Solutions. Spicer, Tracy B ...

*  Lobbying Spending Database-Priority Health, 2012 | OpenSecrets

Explore the billions of dollars special interest groups are spending on lobbying in Washington, D.C., -- and on what -- at ... Lobbying Firm Hired. Amount. Subsidiary (Lobbied For). Lobbyist. Buchanan, Ingersoll & Rooney $160,000. Priority Health. Corry ...

*  Lobbying Spending Database-Mendel Biotechnology, 2011 | OpenSecrets

Explore the billions of dollars special interest groups are spending on lobbying in Washington, D.C., -- and on what -- at ... Lobbying Firm Hired. Amount. Subsidiary (Lobbied For). Lobbyist. American Capitol Group $0. Mendel Biotechnology. Lehman, ...

*  Lobbying - Wikipedia

... reports and analysis on the lobbying industry US Senate Lobbying-Database Search The Lobby Ticker - website of independent ... Top 25 Lobbying Groups at the Wayback Machine (archived December 3, 2002) - Fortune listed the top 25 lobbying groups in 1999. ... In the wake of the Jack Abramoff Indian lobbying scandal in Washington D.C. and the massive impact this had on the lobbying ... Foreign-funded lobbying efforts include those of Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Egypt, Pakistan, and China lobbies. In 2010 ...

*  Grassroots lobbying - Wikipedia

Grassroots lobbying (also indirect lobbying) is lobbying with the intention of reaching the legislature and making a difference ... This type of lobbying is different from the more commonly known direct lobbying, as it is naturally brought upon by the ... Grassroots lobbying is an approach that separates itself from direct lobbying through the act of asking the general public to ... Lobbying and the stimulation of grassroots lobbying, is protected by the First Amendment rights of speech, association, and ...

*  European Union lobbying - Wikipedia

The Treaty of Lisbon introduced a new dimension of lobbying at the European level that is different from most national lobbying ... Lobbying in the European Union, also referred to officially as European interest representation, is the activity of ... At the national level, lobbying is more a matter of personal and informal relations between the officials of national ... The objective of the joint transparency register is to increase transparency of the EU lobbying system by enabling public ...

*  TechNet (lobbying organization) - Wikipedia

TechNet is a United States political lobbying organization which represents public policy interests for technology issues. ...

*  Alliance for Lobbying Transparency - Wikipedia

The Alliance for Lobbying Transparency is a UK-based organisation formed in September 2007 and formally launched in January ... The Alliance is also campaigning for a mandatory lobbyists register, while the UK Public Affairs Council is a lobby industry ... "Sign Up: Open Up Lobbying. Open Up Politics". Unlock Democracy. Retrieved 25 August 2012. ALT website ALTER-EU. ... Wheeler, Brian (21 March 2010). "Lobbying and British politicians". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 August 2012. "About ALT". ALT. ...

*  English First (lobbying organization) - Wikipedia

There are other lobbying groups ..." Nicole Teyechea McNeil Nilingualism: Life Histories of Bilingual Teachers Working within ... English First is a lobbying organization for the English-only movement in the United States founded in Springfield, Virginia in ...

*  Lobbying in South Australia - Wikipedia

Lobbying in South Australia is a growing activity, by which organizations or individuals attempt to influence the Government of ... Lobbying Lobbyist register - Government of South Australia "Lobbyist: Code of Conduct". Department of Premier & Cabinet. ...

*  Lobby - Wikipedia

Lobby may refer to: Lobby (room), an entranceway or foyer in a building Lobbying, the action or the group used to influence a ... "Lobby", nickname of Seymour de Lotbiniere (1905-1984), English broadcasting executive and pioneer of outside broadcasts Lobby ... not unlike Lancashire Hotpot Lobby (band), a Slovak Eurodance band The Lobby, (UK) parliamentary journalists receiving ... viewpoint to politicians Lobbying in the United States, specific to the United States Lobby (food), a thick stew made in Leigh ...

No data available that match "Lobbying"



(1/97) Lobbying and advocacy for the public's health: what are the limits for nonprofit organizations?

Nonprofit organizations play an important role in advocating for the public's health in the United States. This article describes the rules under US law for lobbying by nonprofit organizations. The 2 most common kinds of non-profits working to improve the public's health are "public charities" and "social welfare organizations." Although social welfare organizations may engage in relatively unlimited lobbying, public charities may not engage in "substantial" lobbying. Lobbying is divided into 2 main categories. Direct lobbying refers to communications with law-makers that take a position on specific legislation, and grassroots lobbying includes attempts to persuade members of the general public to take action regarding legislation. Even public charities may engage in some direct lobbying and a smaller amount of grassroots lobbying. Much public health advocacy, however, is not lobbying, since there are several important exceptions to the lobbying rules. These exceptions include "non-partisan analysis, study, or research" and discussions of broad social problems. Lobbying with federal or earmarked foundation funds is generally prohibited.  (+info)

(2/97) Exploring the scope for advocacy by paediatricians.

AIMS: To ascertain the type and extent of problems requiring advocacy in paediatrics. To develop an approach for analysing problems according to their root causes and the level of society at which advocacy is needed. METHODS: Nine paediatricians kept detailed clinical diaries for two weeks to identify problems. Classifications were developed to categorise problems by cause and the level of society at which they needed to be addressed. The press was surveyed for one week for childhood issues attracting media attention. RESULTS: 60 problems requiring advocacy were identified. Root causes included failures within agencies, between agencies, and inadequate provision. In addition to advocacy required individually, "political" action was needed at the community level (16 issues), city level (16 issues), and nationally (15 issues). 103 articles were found in the press, these did not relate closely to issues identified by clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: Many opportunities for advocacy arise in the course of daily work. A systematic way of analysing them has been developed for use in planning action. To optimise the health and health care of children, there is a need to train and support paediatricians in advocacy work for local as well as national issues. Ten issues were identified that might be prioritised by paediatricians working on an agenda for action.  (+info)

(3/97) Public health advocacy: process and product.

OBJECTIVES: In this article the author describes public health advocacy and proposes a conceptual framework for understanding how it works. METHODS: The proposed framework incorporates the image of an assembly line. The public health advocacy assembly line produces changes in societal resource allocation that are necessary for optimizing public health. The framework involves 3 main stages: information, strategy, and action. These stages are conceptually sequential but, in practice, simultaneous. The work at each stage is continually adjusted according to circumstances at the other stages. RESULTS: The framework has practical implications; for example, public health advocacy teams need members with complementary skills in distinct roles. Potential applications are illustrated via two public health advocacy efforts. CONCLUSIONS: The framework may be useful in assessing staffing and funding needs for public health advocacy endeavors, explaining common problems in these endeavors and suggesting solutions, and guiding decisions concerning effort allocation. Application of the framework to a variety of public health advocacy endeavors will clarify its strengths and weaknesses.  (+info)

(4/97) Baby food industry lobbies WHO on breast feeding advice.

 (+info)

(5/97) The power of survivor advocacy: making car trunks escapable.

Survivor advocates are powerful workers for injury prevention. Some of the major prevention successes have been due in large part to their efforts. This case history examines the four year campaign to prevent entrapment in car trunks (or boot) through the routine installation of interior trunk releases. It traces how a life altering event began a cluster of activities leading to product redesign and regulation to prevent injury. The following elements were key: data and the lack thereof, identification of possible solutions, newsworthy tragedies and media advocacy, politics and sympathetic lawmakers, an agency with regulatory authority, manufacturers, and trade associations. Survivors can assist the injury field because the personal and the professional complement each other in advocacy. Public health professionals can assist survivor advocates by sharing research, data and organizational skills, and by helping to secure grants.  (+info)

(6/97) Lessons learned from the tobacco industry's efforts to prevent the passage of a workplace smoking regulation.

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the implementation of tobacco industry strategies to prevent a workplace smoking regulation. METHODS: Tobacco industry internal documents were identified; hearing transcripts for the affiliations, arguments, and positions regarding the regulation of testifiers were coded; and media coverage was analyzed. RESULTS: Tobacco industry strategies sought to increase business participation and economic discussions at public hearings and to promote unfavorable media coverage of the regulation. The percentage of business representatives opposing the regulation grew from 18% (5 to 28) to 57% (13 of 23) between the hearings. Economic arguments opposing the regulation rose from 25% (7 of 28) to 70% (16 of 23). Press coverage was neutral and did not increase during the period of the regulatory hearings. CONCLUSIONS: The tobacco industry was successful in implementing 2 of its 3 strategies but was not able to prevent passage of the comprehensive workplace regulation.  (+info)

(7/97) Tobacco industry allegations of "illegal lobbying" and state tobacco control.

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the perceived effect of tobacco industry allegations of "illegal lobbying" by public health professionals on policy interventions for tobacco control. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with state health department project managers in all 17 National Cancer Institute-funded American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST) states. Documentation and media records related to ASSIST from the National Cancer Institute, health advocates, and the tobacco industry were analyzed. RESULTS: The tobacco industry filed formal complaints of illegal lobbying activities against 4 ASSIST states. These complaints had a temporary chilling effect on tobacco control policy interventions in those states. ASSIST states not targeted by the tobacco industry developed an increased awareness of the industry's tactics and worked to prepare for such allegations to minimize disruption of their activities. Some self-reported self-censorship in policy activity occurred in 11 of the 17 states (65%). CONCLUSIONS: Public health professionals need to educate themselves and the public about the laws that regulate lobbying activities and develop their strategies, including their policy activities, accordingly.  (+info)

(8/97) The new battleground: California's experience with smoke-free bars.

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the tobacco industry's tactics in the political, grassroots, and media arenas in attempting to subvert California's smoke-free bar law, and the efforts of health advocates to uphold and promote the law by using the same 3 channels. METHODS: Interviews with key informants involved in the development and implementation of the smoke-free bar law were conducted. Information was gathered from bill analyses, internal memoranda, tobacco industry documents, media articles, and press releases. RESULTS: The tobacco industry worked both inside the legislature and through a public relations campaign to attempt to delay implementation of the law and to encourage noncompliance once the law was in effect. Health groups were able to uphold the law by framing the law as a health and worker safety issue. The health groups were less successful in pressing the state to implement the law. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to enact and defend smoke-free bar laws, but doing so requires a substantial and sustained commitment by health advocates. The tobacco industry will fight this latest generation of clean indoor air laws even more aggressively than general workplace laws.  (+info)



Lobbyists

  • Particularly active clients often retain multiple lobbying firms, each with a team of lobbyists, to press their case for them. (opensecrets.org)
  • The Alliance is also campaigning for a mandatory lobbyists register, while the UK Public Affairs Council is a lobby industry body supporting self-regulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The legislation does not include those lobbyists whose "activities constitute less than 20 percent of the time engaged in services", thus failing to regulate grassroots (small donors) lobbying. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the 1970s, lobbying activity has grown immensely in the United States in terms of the numbers of lobbyists and the size of lobbying budgets, and has become the focus of much criticism of American governance. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the number of lobbyists in Washington is estimated to be over twelve thousand, those with real clout number in the dozens, and a small group of firms handles much of lobbying in terms of expenditures. (wikipedia.org)
  • A report in The Nation in 2014 suggested that while the number of 12,281 registered lobbyists was a decrease since 2002, lobbying activity was increasing and "going underground" as lobbyists use "increasingly sophisticated strategies" to obscure their activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • People pushing an agenda would try to meet with members of Parliament in this room, and they came to be known, by metonymy, as lobbyists, although one account in 1890 suggested that the application of the word "lobby" is American and that the term is not used as much in Britain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United Kingdom lobbying sector is currently self-regulated by the Public Affairs Council, which registers individual lobbyists. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Lobby Registry, also named Lobbyist Registry, Register for Lobby Transparency or Registry of Lobbyists is a public database, in which information about lobbying actors and key data about their actions can be accessed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Loop holes in the regulation lead to the fact that only 4 000 of 13 000 lobbyists were registered, before the rules of disclosure were substituted in 1995 by the stricter Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995. (wikipedia.org)
  • The strong regulations about lobby transparency demand lobbyists to report about their activity on a monthly basis. (wikipedia.org)

organization

  • This type of lobbying is different from the more commonly known direct lobbying, as it is naturally brought upon by the organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • TechNet is a United States political lobbying organization which represents public policy interests for technology issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • English First is a lobbying organization for the English-only movement in the United States founded in Springfield, Virginia in 1986 by Larry Pratt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Any organization that contributes more than $10,000 towards lobbying activities must also be registered. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the US the Financial Services Roundtable is the most noted organization involved in bank lobbying with member from the 100 largest banks and financial firms. (wikipedia.org)

Firms

  • We ask the following questions: (i) if firms differ with respect to comparative advantage in lobbying, what is the equilibrium allocation of resources between lobbying and cost-reducing activities? (repec.org)
  • ii) can the possibility of lobbying reverse the profitability ranking among firms? (repec.org)
  • The Banking Lobby refers to the representatives from various firms and organizations seeking favorable terms from governments for big banks and other financial service companies through lobbying and advocacy groups. (wikipedia.org)

Influence

  • Lobbying, persuasion, or interest representation is the act of attempting to influence the actions, policies, or decisions of officials in their daily life, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies. (wikipedia.org)
  • One story held that the term originated at the Willard Hotel in Washington, DC, where it was supposedly used by President Ulysses S. Grant to describe the political advocates who frequented the hotel's lobby to access Grant-who was often there in the evenings to enjoy a cigar and brandy-and would then try to buy the president drinks in an attempt to influence his political decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 'lobbyist' is a person who tries to influence legislation on behalf of a special interest or a member of a lobby. (wikipedia.org)
  • Companies, associations and citizens are increasingly partaking in grassroots lobbying as an attempt to influence a change in legislation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now, somewhat indirectly (as is the intention of grassroots lobbying), the Tea Party holds a great deal of influence over legislation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lobbying in the European Union, also referred to officially as European interest representation, is the activity of representatives of diverse interest groups or lobbies who attempt to influence the executive and legislative authorities of the European Union through public relations or public affairs work. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Alliance for Lobbying Transparency is a UK-based organisation formed in September 2007 and formally launched in January 2008 and concerned with the influence of lobbying on government decision-making. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lobbying in South Australia is a growing activity, by which organizations or individuals attempt to influence the Government of South Australia in its policy, regulation and law-making. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abramoff used these persons' influence to lobby their former Congressional employers, in violation of a one-year federal ban on such lobbying. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Washington, D.C., lobbying usually targets members of Congress, although there have been efforts to influence executive agency officials as well as Supreme Court appointments. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this sense, anybody who tries to influence any political position can be thought of as "lobbying", and sometimes the term is used in this loose sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the term "lobbying" generally means a paid activity with the purpose of attempting to "influence or sway" a public official - including bureaucrats and elected officials - towards a desired specific action often relating to specific legislation. (wikipedia.org)
  • One definition of lobbying says it means: in a professional capacity, attempting to influence, or advising those who wish to influence, the United Kingdom Government, Parliament, the devolved legislatures or administrations, regional or local government or other public bodies on any matter within their competence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Software lobbying groups lobby governments and advocate generally to influence technology policy decisions on behalf of their members. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the banking industry holds large cash reserves, they have available funds to provide their lobbying representatives to influence policymakers in Washington. (wikipedia.org)

stricter

  • The banking lobby generally opposes stricter government regulation of financial markets while tending to stress the importance of banks in the economy. (wikipedia.org)

transparency

  • Governments often define and regulate organized group lobbying as part of laws to prevent political corruption and by establishing transparency about possible influences by public lobby registers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lobbying Transparency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several studies indicate that lobby transparency lead to a decrease of corruption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Authors of a study interpreted that the early West-European politic was not focusing the concept of lobby transparency to gain public confidence into political processes, but rather on promoting economic development by enabling undisturbed communication between politics and economy. (wikipedia.org)

1970s

  • citation needed] During the 1970s, the China (ROC) lobby itself campaigned furiously to prevent American recognition of the People's Republic of China (PRC), but its efforts proved to be unsuccessful and the PRC was recognized by the United States in 1979. (wikipedia.org)

expenditures

  • NOTE: All lobbying expenditures on this page come from the Senate Office of Public Records. (opensecrets.org)

Representatives

  • In a report carried by the BBC, an OED lexicographer has shown that "lobbying" finds its roots in the gathering of Members of Parliament and peers in the hallways ("lobbies") of the UK Houses of Parliament before and after parliamentary debates where members of the public can meet their representatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "lobbying" also appeared in print as early as 1820: Other letters from Washington affirm, that members of the Senate, when the compromise question was to be taken in the House, were not only "lobbying about the Representatives' Chamber" but also active in endeavoring to intimidate certain weak representatives by insulting threats to dissolve the Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before increased Sino-American engagement following the 1972 Nixon visit to China, and the American recognition of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1979, the PRC lobby was overshadowed by representatives of Taiwan's interests. (wikipedia.org)

lobbyist

  • In 1993, Lowery became a lobbyist and partner in a lobbying firm that James Copeland helped found in 1992. (wikipedia.org)

1998

  • In the US the finance, real estate, and insurance industries reportedly spent a collective $6.8 Billion from 1998 through 2011, far more than any other lobbying sector. (wikipedia.org)

1995

  • The Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. § 1601) was legislation aimed at bringing a level of accountability to federal lobbying practices in the United States. (wikipedia.org)

Parliament

  • The Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying of Canada is an officer of Parliament of Canada who is responsible for achieving the objectives of the Lobbying Act that came into force in 2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term lobby has etymological roots in the physical structure of the British Parliament, in which there was an intermediary covered room outside the main hall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lobbying in the United Kingdom plays a significant role in the formation of legislation and a wide variety of commercial organisations, lobby groups 'lobby' for particular policies and decisions by Parliament and other political organs at national, regional and local levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phrase "lobbying" comes from the gathering of Members of Parliament and peers in the hallways (or lobbies) of Houses of Parliament before and after parliamentary debates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Formal procedures enable individual members of the public to lobby their Member of Parliament but most lobbying activity centres on corporate, charity and trade association lobbying, where organisations seek to amend government policy through advocacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1866 a group of 'Suffragists' petitioned and lobbied parliament that women should have the same political rights as men. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Members' Lobby is a hallway in the Palace of Westminster used by members of the House of Commons, the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)

grassroots

  • Grassroots lobbying (also indirect lobbying) is lobbying with the intention of reaching the legislature and making a difference in the decision-making process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grassroots lobbying is an approach that separates itself from direct lobbying through the act of asking the general public to contact legislators and government officials concerning the issue at hand, as opposed to conveying the message to the legislators directly. (wikipedia.org)
  • The unique characteristic of grassroots lobbying, in contrast to other forms of lobbying, is that it involves stimulating the politics of specific communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grassroots lobbying often implement the use of media to expand their outreach. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because grassroots lobbying is geared toward local organizations and communities, these types of media outlets are used mainly by large associations that can afford them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Implementing social media tactics in grassroots lobbying would provide a much broader outreach and would allow activists to not only inform but interact with various people about their cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • More recently, due to the potential of other modern communication devices, grassroots lobbying is expected to only increase as a form of shaping public opinion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several grassroots lobbying groups have become popular over time, due to their prominent stances and eye catching tactics to get the publics attention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Large companies take advantage of grassroots lobbying as a means of impacting change in legislation. (wikipedia.org)

Disclosure

  • 2 U.S.C. § 1602: Disclosure of Lobbying Activities - Definitions "Lobbying Reform: Background and Legislative Proposals, 109th Congress" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Since lobbying rules require extensive disclosure, there is a large amount of information in the public sphere about which entities lobby, how, at whom, and for how much. (wikipedia.org)
  • A mandatory, publicly accessible and processable lobby register with enforced financial disclosure and theoretical high punishments exist on federal level, as well as in every state besides Pennsylvania. (wikipedia.org)

regulate

  • Governments often define and regulate organized group lobbying that has become influential. (wikipedia.org)

organisations

  • Interest representation, or lobbying, is either a part of the work of institutions with a different main focus or it is the main focus of organisations whose "raison-d'être" is lobbying itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Professional public affairs agencies, representing multiple clients, undertake a significant proportion of lobbying activity in addition to individual organisations conducting lobbying on an in-house basis. (wikipedia.org)

advocacy

  • Lobbying is done by many types of people, associations and organized groups, including individuals in the private sector, corporations, fellow legislators or government officials, or advocacy groups (interest groups). (wikipedia.org)
  • The term lobbying in everyday parlance can describe a wide variety of activities, and in its general sense, suggests advocacy, advertising, or promoting a cause. (wikipedia.org)

definitions

  • Also included in the legislation are the definitions of what actions must be disclosed which includes lobbying to certain members of the Executive Branch who are included on specific payrolls. (wikipedia.org)

citation needed

  • citation needed] Green left his supervisor position with variety store TG&Y to open a second Hobby Lobby in Oklahoma City in 1975, and a store opened in Tulsa, Oklahoma the next year. (wikipedia.org)

Supreme Court

  • In contrast, on January 28, 2014, the Center for Inquiry filed an amicus brief with the Supreme Court arguing that were the court to grant Hobby Lobby an exclusion which permitted the company to exclude any specific healthcare service from its provision to employees on the basis of the owners' religious beliefs, the firm would violate the Establishment Clause, also part of the First Amendment. (wikipedia.org)
  • On June 30, 2014, the U.S. supreme court ruled 5-4 that Hobby Lobby and other "closely held" stock corporations can choose to be exempt from the law based on religious preferences, based on the Religious Freedom Restoration Act but not on the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. (wikipedia.org)

actors

  • Making an entry only mandatory if a certain threshold of money or time is spent on lobbying should prevent an inappropriately high bureaucratic burden for small actors (for example) in the US. (wikipedia.org)

behalf

  • On January 3, 2006, Abramoff pleaded guilty to three felony counts-conspiracy, fraud, and tax evasion-involving charges stemming principally from his lobbying activities in Washington on behalf of Native American tribes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The legislation defines a client as "any person or entity that employs or retains another person for financial or other compensation to conduct lobbying activities on behalf of that person or entity. (wikipedia.org)
  • During much of the twentieth century, the term "China lobby" was used most often to refer to special interest groups acting on behalf of the Republic of China (ROC). (wikipedia.org)

groups

  • Lobby groups may concentrate their efforts on the legislatures, where laws are created, but may also use the judicial branch to advance their causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The current pattern suggests much lobbying is done primarily by corporations, although a wide variety of coalitions representing diverse groups also occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since that time, the PRC lobby has greatly strengthened, and by the 1990s, "China lobby" began to refer to special interest groups who work to achieve the PRC's desired political, economic, immigration policies in Sino-American relations by influencing American policy makers, economic interests and the public. (wikipedia.org)

activity

  • No lobbying activity. (opensecrets.org)
  • A special interest's lobbying activity may go up or down over time, depending on how much attention the federal government is giving their issues. (opensecrets.org)
  • Lobbying in the United States describes paid activity in which special interests hire well-connected professional advocates, often lawyers, to argue for specific legislation in decision-making bodies such as the United States Congress. (wikipedia.org)
  • While lobbying is subject to extensive and often complex rules which, if not followed, can lead to penalties including jail, the activity of lobbying has been interpreted by court rulings as constitutionally protected free speech and a way to petition the government for the redress of grievances, two of the freedoms protected by the First Amendment of the Constitution. (wikipedia.org)

public

  • The failure of government officials to serve the public interest as a consequence of lobbying by special interests who provide benefits to the official is an example of agent misdirection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lobbying has been the subject of academic inquiry in various fields, including law, public policy, and economics. (wikipedia.org)
  • If voting is a general way for a public to control a government, lobbying is a more specific, targeted effort, focused on a narrower set of issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ministers are making increasing use of Special Advisors (staff members employed by the minister personally, but paid for from the public purse) who are often selected from the related private sector industries and have sometimes been criticised for engaging in campaigning while still on the government payroll or for moving directly between lobbying roles and the advisor role. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2009 the House of Commons Public Administration Select Committee recommended creation of a statutory register of lobbying companies and activities (similar to the one required in the United States), but the government rejected that recommendation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Lobby is situated immediately south of the Commons Chamber, close to the Central Lobby, and is off-limits to members of the public during voting sessions. (wikipedia.org)

activities

  • We analyze a model of lobbying by oligopolists who allocate resources between lobbying and internal cost-reducing activities. (repec.org)

Industry

  • The professional lobbying industry has been rapidly growing since the mid-1990s and in 2007 was estimated to be worth £1.9 billion, employing 14,000 people. (wikipedia.org)

investigation

  • After Abramoff's guilty plea, the federal government shifted its investigation in January 2006 to focus on the lobbying firm Alexander Strategy Group, founded by a "close friend of DeLay's and his former chief of staff. (wikipedia.org)

Issues

  • The register must also include a statement of what issues the registrant expects to lobby or what may have already been lobbied. (wikipedia.org)

officials

  • At the national level, lobbying is more a matter of personal and informal relations between the officials of national authorities, but lobbying at the European Union level is increasingly a part of the political decision-making process and thus part of the legislative process. (wikipedia.org)

group

  • By mobilizing the group that the lobby has built, this puts pressure on the legislature to listen and take notice of what concerns they may have. (wikipedia.org)
  • These tactics are used after the lobbying group gains a portion of the publics trust and support through speaking out in crowded areas, passing out flyers and even campaigning through web and television outlets. (wikipedia.org)

organizations

  • Individuals and nonprofit organizations can also lobby as an act of volunteering or as a small part of their normal job (for instance, a CEO meeting with a representative about a project important to their company, or an activist meeting with their legislator in an unpaid capacity). (wikipedia.org)

often

  • Lobbying is often spoken of with contempt, when the implication is that people with inordinate socioeconomic power are corrupting the law (twisting it away from fairness) in order to serve their own interests. (wikipedia.org)

Congress

  • NOTE: Occasionally, a lobbying client may refer to a bill number from a previous Congress, either in error or because they are lobbying on a bill that has not yet been assigned a number. (opensecrets.org)
  • In these cases, it will appear as though they are lobbying on the bill sharing that number in the Congress in which they are filing, which in most cases is a different bill entirely. (opensecrets.org)
  • During the Second Sino-Japanese War (which took place simultaneously with World War II), the China lobby helped convince Congress to donate hard cash and many tons of war material in support of Chiang Kai-shek's war against the Japanese in China and Indochina even before formal American entrance into the Second World War following the attack on Pearl Harbor. (wikipedia.org)

register

  • A register was introduced in the US in 1946 with the Lobbying Act. (wikipedia.org)

clients

  • Defense contractors who are clients of the lobbying firm have also given hundreds of thousands of dollars. (wikipedia.org)
  • In one case, they secretly orchestrated lobbying against their own clients in order to force them to pay for lobbying services. (wikipedia.org)

time

  • The expert also advised Hobby Lobby to review its collection of antiquities for any objects of Iraqi origin and to verify that their country of origin was properly declared at the time of importation into the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different from the US, West European countries had only weak lobby regulations for a long time. (wikipedia.org)

current

  • The current Commissioner of Lobbying is Karen E. Shepherd, appointed on June 30, 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • Current levels of lobbying are causing concern as is the 'revolving door' which allow individuals to move rapidly between legislative and commercial roles in the same sectors creating potential conflict of interests. (wikipedia.org)

Washington

  • In the second half of the 1990s, Abramoff was employed by Preston Gates Ellis & Rouvelas Meeds LLP, the lobbying arm of Preston Gates & Ellis LLP law firm based in Seattle, Washington. (wikipedia.org)
  • In December 2010, Hobby Lobby purchased $1.6 million worth of Iraqi artifacts from dealers in the United Arab Emirates, presumably to be included in the Museum of the Bible-a Washington, D.C. museum being backed by David Green. (wikipedia.org)

companies

  • China lobbied to gain business from the United States, and companies began to flock to China to take advantage of the new opportunities made possible by trade laws. (wikipedia.org)

business

known

  • The Jerry Lewis - Lowery lobbying firm controversy stems from the relationship between Congressman Jerry Lewis (R-CA) and a lobbying firm, known as Copeland Lowery Jacquez Denton & White , where good friend and former U.S. Congressman Bill Lowery was a partner from 1993 to 2006. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral arguments in the case, then known as Sebelius v. Hobby Lobby, were heard on March 25, 2014. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lobby Loyde (born John Baslington Lyde, 18 May 1941 - 21 April 2007), also known as John Barrie Lyde or Barry Lyde, was an Australian rock music guitarist, songwriter and producer. (wikipedia.org)

Several

  • Since 1994 there have been various complaints by MPs about unacceptable lobbying and several police investigations. (wikipedia.org)

place

  • There are certain steps that need to be implemented before the outcome of the lobbying can take place. (wikipedia.org)

level

  • The Treaty of Lisbon introduced a new dimension of lobbying at the European level that is different from most national lobbying. (wikipedia.org)

specific

  • To see more information about the bill the client is lobbying on, you can look at the specific report under the "Report images" tab on the lobbying client's profile page. (opensecrets.org)

Client

  • Many critiques of lobbying point to the potential for conflicts of interest to lead to agent misdirection or the intentional failure of an agent with a duty to serve an employer, client, or constituent to perform those duties. (wikipedia.org)

either

  • The monuments include: Four bronze statues, located next to the main doors at either end of the Lobby, portraying David Lloyd George, Winston Churchill, Clement Attlee and Margaret Thatcher. (wikipedia.org)

press

  • According to a Justice Department press release, "In October 2010, an expert on cultural property law retained by Hobby Lobby warned the company that the acquisition of cultural property likely from Iraq, including cuneiform tablets and cylinder seals, carries a risk that such objects may have been looted from archaeological sites in Iraq. (wikipedia.org)

create

  • He was inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame in 2006 where his Rose Tattoo band mate, Angry Anderson acknowledged his prowess, "More than anyone else, Lobby helped create the Australian guitar sound, long before Angus [Young] or Billy Thorpe or The Angels or Rose Tattoo. (wikipedia.org)