Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Licensure, Dental: The granting of a license to practice dentistry.Licensure, Pharmacy: The granting of a license to practice pharmacy.Licensure, Medical: The granting of a license to practice medicine.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Licensure, Hospital: The granting of a license to a hospital.Specialty Boards: Organizations which certify physicians and dentists as specialists in various fields of medical and dental practice.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Automobile Driver Examination: Government required written and driving test given to individuals prior to obtaining an operator's license.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Credentialing: The recognition of professional or technical competence through registration, certification, licensure, admission to association membership, the award of a diploma or degree, etc.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Licensure, Nursing: The granting of a license to practice the profession of nursing.Societies, Dental: Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Dental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Certification: Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Dental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.Prosthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.Dental Assistants: Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.Remedial Teaching: Specialized instruction for students deviating from the expected norm.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.FloridaDental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Periodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Dental Service, Hospital: Hospital department providing dental care.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.United StatesTechnology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Specialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Foreign Professional Personnel: Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.Fees, Dental: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.Dental Technicians: Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.Practice Management, Dental: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.Dental Sac: Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.Chickenpox Vaccine: A live, attenuated varicella virus vaccine used for immunization against chickenpox. It is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 13 years.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Osteopathic Medicine: A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Legislation, Pharmacy: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Root Canal Therapy: A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Motorcycles: Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.Vaccines, Combined: Two or more vaccines in a single dosage form.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Infection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Dental Papilla: Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Accreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Immunization Schedule: Schedule giving optimum times usually for primary and/or secondary immunization.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Chickenpox: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Tooth DiseasesDental Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Foreign Medical Graduates: Physicians who hold degrees from medical schools in countries other than the ones in which they practice.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Dental Waste: Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.Dental Implantation: The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.Economics, Dental: Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Dental Informatics: The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Northwestern United States: The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Dental Scaling: Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Pneumococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.Dental Facilities: Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Dental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Meningococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.Stomatognathic Diseases: General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.American Dental Association: Professional society representing the field of dentistry.Dental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.Dental Implantation, Endosseous: Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.Product Surveillance, Postmarketing: Surveillance of drugs, devices, appliances, etc., for efficacy or adverse effects, after they have been released for general sale.Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Legislation, Dental: Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Tooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)ConnecticutPolysorbates: Sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals.Dental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Vaccines, Conjugate: Semisynthetic vaccines consisting of polysaccharide antigens from microorganisms attached to protein carrier molecules. The carrier protein is recognized by macrophages and T-cells thus enhancing immunity. Conjugate vaccines induce antibody formation in people not responsive to polysaccharide alone, induce higher levels of antibody, and show a booster response on repeated injection.Libraries, DentalDiagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.New YorkDiphtheria-Tetanus-acellular Pertussis Vaccines: Combined vaccines consisting of DIPHTHERIA TOXOID; TETANUS TOXOID; and an acellular form of PERTUSSIS VACCINE. At least five different purified antigens of B. pertussis have been used in various combinations in these vaccines.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Group Practice, Dental: Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Pneumococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.Dental Pulp Diseases: Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.Rotavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with ROTAVIRUS.Dental Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Dental Pulp CalcificationTooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Dentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Immunization, Secondary: Any immunization following a primary immunization and involving exposure to the same or a closely related antigen.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Odontogenesis: The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated: A suspension of formalin-inactivated poliovirus grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture and used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS.Dental Impression Technique: Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Dental Abutments: Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.Mouth DiseasesAge Determination by Teeth: A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.Dental Disinfectants: Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Papillomavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTIONS. Human vaccines are intended to reduce the incidence of UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS, so they are sometimes considered a type of CANCER VACCINES. They are often composed of CAPSID PROTEINS, especially L1 protein, from various types of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Forensic Dentistry: The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.Pit and Fissure Sealants: Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.Vaccines, Attenuated: Live vaccines prepared from microorganisms which have undergone physical adaptation (e.g., by radiation or temperature conditioning) or serial passage in laboratory animal hosts or infected tissue/cell cultures, in order to produce avirulent mutant strains capable of inducing protective immunity.Vaccines, Inactivated: Vaccines in which the infectious microbial nucleic acid components have been destroyed by chemical or physical treatment (e.g., formalin, beta-propiolactone, gamma radiation) without affecting the antigenicity or immunogenicity of the viral coat or bacterial outer membrane proteins.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Manifest Anxiety Scale: True-false questionnaire made up of items believed to indicate anxiety, in which the subject answers verbally the statement that describes him.Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Dental Deposits: Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Tooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Dental Pulp Capping: Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.Dentition, Permanent: The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Veneers: The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.Immunization Programs: Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.Oral Surgical Procedures: Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.State Dentistry: Control, direction and financing of the total dental care of the population by a national government.Geriatric Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of older people.Surgery, Oral: A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.Dental Caries Activity Tests: Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Radiography, Panoramic: Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.

*  Dental Hygiene
State Dental Hygiene licensure exam and one of the following Regional Clinical Board exams: Central Regional Dental Testing ( ... 1. Clinical Dental Hygiene I: Pre-Clinical or Dental Health Safety & Dental Hygiene Process I or. Infection Control & Pre- ... 4. Clinical Dental Hygiene IV or Dental Hygiene Process & Transition. in to Dental Hygiene Practice ... and manage dental hygiene practices. Includes instruction in dental anatomy, microbiology, and pathology; dental hygiene theory ...
*  2nd Annual Tennessee Business Law Conference - Materials
... medical and dental licensure, and malpractice; insurance coverage, and defense; legal malpractice defense; wrongful death; and ... dental practices and physician practice groups. In addition, he has handled many corporate finance and public finance debt ...
*  Cosmetic Dentist Costa Rica, Cosmetic Dentistry, Dr. Luis Kaver, Dr. Ana María Tellez
Dental Surgeon Licensure. 2014. *Universidad Latina de Costa Rica. Faculty of Dentistry. DDS Degree. 2014 ... 2014 - Present day: Kaver Dental Cosmetic and Implants, General Dentistry. *One year experience as a dentist doing implant ... Constant update of the latest advances in dentistry through magazines, articles and attendance to dental seminars. ... Ability to perform a dental examination, intraoral assessment, photographic examination and X-ray through Digital Software ...
*  Journal of Oral Science
Undergraduate pre-dental coursework is not a prerequisite for dental school in Colombia. To obtain licensure, Colombian dental ... This article describes Colombia's development of formal dentistry, its dental school system, curriculum, and dental licensure, ... In 1969, there were only 4 dental schools in Colombia; at this writing there are 21. Five dental schools are public and the ... When combined with dental pulp-capping materials, LLLT had no effect on L-929 cell proliferation. (J Oral Sci 52, 33-38, 2010) ...
*  Iowa Economic Development Authority Awards Incentives To Seven Firms - Area Development
HLT started with a single software product for dental students studying for their licensure exams. The products include mobile ... After having success in the dental field, the business scaled up to include nursing, finance and admissions exams. The board ...
*  News | BRS Dental Office Management Software
ADA Board of Trustees vote to create a national dental licensure exam. The American Dental Association Board of Trustees voted ... BRS Dental presented at New York Dental Forum meeting. BRS Dental was invited to join other presenters at the New York Dental ... Currently, in most cases dental licensure exams require that the applicant dentist recruit patients to be presented with actual ... ADA Board of Trustees vote to create a national dental licensure exam ...
*  1667-Faculty, Dental Hygiene Studies | Pacific University
The dental hygiene faculty member provides didactic, laboratory and clinical instruction for dental hygiene students in an on- ... 1667 Pacific University invites applications for a full-time faculty position to start August 2018 in their School of Dental ... Licensed or eligible for dental hygiene licensure in Oregon. *Clinical experience with local anesthesia, nitrous oxide-oxygen ... Knowledge of current concepts in dental hygiene and dental hygiene education. *Current teaching experience in clinical dental ...
*  Dental degree - Wikipedia
General Dental Council: UK primary dental qualifications American Student Dental Association - Licensure by State. ... Pioneer Dental College & Hospital Bangladesh Dental College City Dental College University Dental College Sapporo Dental ... Update Dental College & Hospital Marks Dental College Saphena Women's Dental College Mandy Dental College University of ... Rajshahi Medical College Dental Unit. Rangpur Medical College Dental Unit. Rangpur Dental College Udayan Dental College At ...
*  Prosthodontists at My Next Move for Veterans
Prosthodontists typically need a doctoral degree from dental school, dentistry licensure, and three years of hands-on residency ... Design and fabricate dental prostheses, or supervise dental technicians and laboratory bench workers who construct the devices. ... In the Army: Dental Corps Officer; Prosthodontist In the Navy: Maxillofacial Prosthetist; Oral Diagnostician; Prosthodontics; ... Measure and take impressions of patients' jaws and teeth to determine the shape and size of dental prostheses, using face bows ...
*  University of the East College of Dentistry - Wikipedia
... a total 169 out of 1270 foreign-trained dentists who took the National Board Dental Examination Part II (U.S. dental licensure ... 1 in among dental schools based on the results of the June 2009 Dentist Licensure Examination released recently by the ... 1 in among dental schools based on the results of the December 2007 Dentist Licensure Examination released recently by the ... The college is one of the pioneers of dental education and labeled as one of the top dental schools in the Philippines. The ...
*  List of MeSH codes (N05) - Wikipedia
... licensure MeSH N05.700.200.450.300 --- licensure, dental MeSH N05.700.200.450.380 --- licensure, hospital MeSH N05.700.200.450. ... licensure, nursing MeSH N05.700.200.450.625 --- licensure, pharmacy MeSH N05.700.250 --- dental audit MeSH N05.700.300 --- ... dental health surveys MeSH N05.715.360.300.375.300.325 --- dental plaque index MeSH N05.715.360.300.375.300.340 --- dmf index ... dental records MeSH N05.715.360.300.715.380 --- hospital records MeSH N05.715.360.300.715.500 --- medical records MeSH N05.715. ...
*  Style (manner of address) - Wikipedia
... university degrees supporting medical and dental licensure are all bachelor's degrees (MB, MBBS, BDS, MB BS BAO, BMed, etc.). ...
*  Access to Care
ADAT (Advanced Dental Admission Test) * DAT (Dental Admission Test) * DLOSCE (Dental Licensure OSCE) ... Access to dental health care is a top priority for the ADA and the basis for its Action for Dental Health. The dental ... The Access to Dental Care Summit affirmed the dental profession's willingness to serve as a convener and collaborator committed ... Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists ...
*  Comments sought on proposed sedation, anesthesia guideline revisions
The ADA Council on Dental Education and Licensure seeks comments, due June 29, to proposed revisions to two sets of guidelines ... James M. Boyle, III, Chair, Council on Dental Education and Licensure, American Dental Association, 211 East Chicago Ave., ... The ADA Council on Dental Education and Licensure seeks comments, due June 29, to proposed revisions to two sets of guidelines ... Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists ...
*  Return to Top
Emphasis is on efficiency and proficiency in all dental hygiene processes as students prepare for licensure examination and ... DENTAL HYGIENE. DH 101 Preventive Oral Health Care I: 4 Credits This course introduces the student to the dental hygiene ... EXPANDED FUNCTIONS DENTAL ASSISTING. DA 101 Chairside Procedures: 4 Credits. This course is designed to orient the dental ... DH 107 Dental Materials: 2 Credits. This course introduces the student to materials used in dental practice. Lectures, ...
*  Committee Bill Record Book
*  Dental Hygiene | Kellogg Community College
Dental Hygiene Careers. Students that earn a dental hygiene degree and subsequent licensure may work in many settings depending ... DEHY 241: Dental Hygiene Clinic 4. DEHY 114: Oral Anatomy. DEHY 120: Dental Hygiene Clinic 1. DEHY 135: Dental Materials. DEHY ... KCC's Dental Hygiene Department will:. *Prepare a competent, entry-level dental hygienist as defined by the KCC Dental Hygiene ... Dental hygiene sales representative. For more information about dental hygienist career paths from the American Dental ...
*  CAGS in Operative Dentistry » Academics | Boston University
For Massachusetts licensure, if the student's dental degree is from a school where instruction (written or oral) was in a ... English proficiency requirements for licensure are different from Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine ... For Massachusetts licensure, the minimum overall TOEFL score is 90 on the internet-based exam (iBT), or 577 on the paper-based ... Four letters of recommendation including a letter from the dean of your dental school and three letters from clinical faculty ...
*  American Student Dental Association - Wikipedia
... licensure, the rise in tuition cost for dental students, dental research, midlevel providers and education financing. ASDA ... The ADA has created a workgroup to develop a portfolio-style examination for the purpose of initial dental licensure. An ASDA ... Dental school admission criteria became more selective and the competition for acceptance into dental schools increased. The ... ASDA represents 90 percent of all students from 66 U.S. dental schools. Since 2011, dental student membership has averaged more ...
*  Weekly/biweekly Michigan legislative activism thread December 7, 2012
... to waive fees charged for state-imposed dental assistant and hygienist licensure mandates if the applicant is an honorably ... Passed 37 to 0 in the Senate on March 25, 2014, to allow dental services to be provided in a mobile dental facility if the ... Senate Bill 481: Repeal licensure mandate on foresters. Passed 24 to 14 in the Senate on May 13, 2014, to repeal a licensure ... Senate Bill 935: Impose licensure on genetic counselors Introduced by Sen. Judy Emmons (R) on May 13, 2014, to impose licensure ...
*  Federally Qualified Health Centers FAQ
ADAT (Advanced Dental Admission Test) * DAT (Dental Admission Test) * DLOSCE (Dental Licensure OSCE) ... Can FQHCs Contract With Privalte Dental Practitioners to Provide Dental Services? Yes. In 2009, the U.S. Congress determined ... Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists ... Similar education modules are being developed for use within state and local dental societies. State dental associations have ...
*  New York attorney general takes action against Aspen Dental
The New York attorney general announced June 18 a settlement with Aspen Dental Management Inc. that requires the company to pay ... ADAT (Advanced Dental Admission Test) * DAT (Dental Admission Test) * DLOSCE (Dental Licensure OSCE) ... Decisions about dental care should be between the patient and the dentist." Aspen Dental Management Inc. is a dental service ... Aspen Dental Management will also take steps to ensure its dental practices post their own legal name so that it's easily ...
*  Affordable Dentists, Premium Clinics in Colombia
Colombia is an emerging dental tourism destination with affordable dental treatments. Cosmetic dentistry, crowns, implants, ... Colombia does not have national or state dental licensure examinations like the US National and State Board Dental Examinations ... Dental Education. All applicants to dental school must have graduated from high school; no undergraduate pre-dental coursework ... The 5-year dental school program culminates in a Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.) degree. It comprises 2 years, or 4 semesters ...
*  PLA: Continuing Education Information
Indiana statutes and Indiana administrative rules governing the licensure and practice of dentists and dental hygienists. ... Dental Hygienists - IC 25-13-2-6(c). A dentist or dental hygienists may not earn more than five (5) credit hours toward the ... One in the dental hygienist statute (IC 25-13-2-3), the dental statute (IC 25-14-3-3) and one in the Professional Licensing ... DENTAL HYGIENISTS Dental Hygienists are required to have completed nineteen (19) hours of continuing education acquired between ...
*  I was recently diagnosed with periodontal disease. How often should I see my periodontist for an examination? |
Perio Exam for Dental Licensure. *Recommended Competencies. *Periodontal Programs*Dental Students*Postdoctoral Periodontal ...

University of the East College of Dentistry: The University of the East College of Dentistry was first established as a unit of the Philippine College of Commerce and Business Administration in 1948. The college is one of the pioneers of dental education and labeled as one of the top dental schools in the Philippines.Dentistry in the United States: The practice of dentistry in the United States is overseen by several agencies including the American Dental Association, the Commission on Dental Accreditation and the regional boards. Ultimate licensure is the responsibility of individual states.USMLE Step 2 Clinical Knowledge: The USMLE-Step 2-CK ("Clinical Knowledge") is the nine-hour-long multiple-choice portion of the second part of the United States Medical Licensure Examination.Step 2 CK Content Description Online, from United States Medical Licensing Examination, accessed 22 December, 2009 It assesses clinical knowledge through a traditional, multiple-choice examination.Dental Procedure Education System: The Dental Procedure Education System (DPES), is a web-based resource containing a collection of procedures from the dental disciplines. The procedures presented in DPES were developed by individual faculty members at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, in collaboration with a group of educational media and technology experts.DJ College of Dental Sciences and Research: Divya Jyoti (DJ) College of Dental Sciences and Research is a dental college located in Modinagar in the nagar panchayat of Niwari in Ghaziabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The founder and chairman is Ajit Singh Jassar.Dental Schools Council: The Dental Schools Council represents the interests of UK dental schools as it relates to national health, wealth, knowledge acquisition through teaching, research, and the profession of dentistry.Universities UK http://www.American Board of Anesthesiology: The American Board of Anesthesiology sets standards and exams for the accreditation of Board certified anesthesiologists coming to the end of their residency. It is one of the 24 medical specialty boards that constitutes the American Board of Medical Specialties.Dental cariesSinger BantamUtah College of Dental HygieneYisrael Mordecai Safeek: (BS) (MD)Journal of Endodontics: The Journal of Endodontics is the official journal of the American Association of Endodontists and is published by Elsevier. It is a monthly journal that was established in 1975 and publishes scientific articles, case reports, and studies comparing different tools, materials, and methods used in endodontic treatment.Mallow General Hospital: Mallow General Hospital is a public hospital located in Mallow, County Cork, Ireland.http://www.Pulp (tooth): The dental pulp is the part in the center of a tooth made up of living connective tissue and cells called odontoblasts. The dental pulp is a part of the dentin–pulp complex (endodontium).American Dental Society of Anesthesiology: The American Dental Society of Anesthesiology (ADSA) is an American professional association established in 1953 and based in Chicago.International Association for Dental Research: The International Association for Dental Research (IADR) is a professional association that focuses on research in the field of dentistry. The aim of this association by constitution is to promote research in all fields of oral and related sciences, to encourage improvements in methods for the prevention and treatment of oral and dental disease, to improve the oral health of the public through research, and to facilitate cooperation among investigators and the communication of research findings and their implications throughout the world.Dental plaque: Dental plaque is a biofilm or mass of bacteria that grows on surfaces within the mouth. It appears as a white or pale yellow "slime layer", that is commonly found between the teeth and along the cervical margins.SOAP note: The SOAP note (an acronym for subjective, objective, assessment, and plan) is a method of documentation employed by health care providers to write out notes in a patient's chart, along with other common formats, such as the admission note. Documenting patient encounters in the medical record is an integral part of practice workflow starting with patient appointment scheduling, to writing out notes, to medical billing.Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation: The Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation (ONCC) was established for the development, administration, and evaluation of a program for certification in oncology nursing. Incorporated in 1984 and governed by a board of directors, ONCC is the certifying body for oncology nursing and meets standards established by the Accreditation Board for Specialty Nursing Certification and the National Commission for Certifying Agencies.Tema Motorway: The Tema Motorway is a highway that links Tema to Accra—capital of Ghana. It was the only motorway in Ghana.Glot-Up: A Glot-Up is type of dental equipment, something in between a mouth guard and an adult-sized pacifier.MFDS: MFDS is the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, a government department in South Korea. This is former KFDA, Korean Food and Drug Administration.Amalgam (chemistry): An amalgam is a substance formed by the reaction of mercury with another metal. Almost all metals can form amalgams with mercury, the notable exceptions being iron, platinum, tungsten, and tantalum.ProsthodonticsMarketing authorization: Process of reviewing and assessing the dossier to support a medicinal product in view of its marketing (also called licensing, registration, approval, etc.), finalized by granting of a document also called marketing authorization (MA) (equivalent: product license).International Federation of Dental Anesthesiology Societies: The International Federation of Dental Anesthesiology Societies (IFDAS) is a professional association established in 1976. IFDAS is devoted solely to promoting the safe and effective use of sedation and anesthesia by educationally qualified dentists for their patients.Miami-Dade County Corrections and Rehabilitation Department: The Miami-Dade County Corrections and Rehabilitation Department is an agency of the government of Miami-Dade County, Florida. It has its headquarters in the Gladeview census-designated place in an unincorporated area.Implant stability quotient: The implant stability quotient (ISQ) is the value on a scale that indicates the level of stability and osseointegration in dental implants. The scale ranges from 1 to 100 and is measured by implant stability meters instruments using resonance frequency analysis (RFA) technique.University of Connecticut Department of Periodontology: The Department of Periodontology is a division of the University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine Department of Oral Health and Diagnostic Sciences. It carries out research and offers training for pre-doctoral and postgraduate students.Dental radiographyPostgraduate training in general dentistry: ==Australia==Sydney Dental HospitalList of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Dental fluorosisNordic Institute of Dental Materials: NorwayISO 39001: The ISO 39001 "Road Traffic Safety Management" is an ISO standard for a management system (similar to ISO 9000) for road traffic safety. The implementation of the standard is supposed to put the organizations, that provide the system "road traffic", into the position to improve the traffic safety and to reduce by that the number of persons killed or severely injured in road traffic.Coronation Dental Specialty GroupMolde University CollegeDenturist: A Denturist in the United States and Canada, clinical dental technician in the UK or (in Australia) a dental prosthetist, is a member of the oral health care team who provides an oral health examination, takes impressions of the surrounding oral tissues, constructs and delivers removable oral prosthesis (dentures and partial dentures) directly to the patient.American Academy of denturitry.American Osteopathic Board of Neurology and Psychiatry: United StatesGeneric Pharmaceutical Price Decay: Generic Pharmaceutical Price Decay is what happens (in the UK) once the originator brand has lost its patent exclusivity (patent expiry) and generic versions of the originator brand have been launched.Applied Economics, 2004, 36, 731–73, The price premium of generic to brand-names and pharmaceutical price index, Ying KonNHH Dept.Endodontic therapy: Endodontic therapy or root canal therapy is a sequence of treatment for the infected pulp of a tooth which results in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion. Root canals and their associated pulp chamber are the physical hollows within a tooth that are naturally inhabited by nerve tissue, blood vessels and other cellular entities which together constitute the dental pulp.Outline of dentistry and oral health: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to dentistry and oral health:NS Motorcycle: The NS motorcycle, made by Narazo Shimazu in 1909, was the first motorcycle to be designed, built and sold in Japan. Shimazu created the Nihon Motorcycle Company (NMC) to manufacture the NS.TwinrixSyllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Human tooth: The human teeth function in mechanically breaking down items of food by cutting and crushing them in preparation for swallowing and digestion. There are four different types of teeth, namely incisors, canines, molars and premolars.National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories: National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL).DPT vaccineChickenpoxCork University Hospital: Cork University Hospital (Irish: Ospidéal Ollscoil Chorcaí), abbreviated as CUH, is the largest university teaching hospital in Ireland and is the only Level 1 trauma center in the country due to the presence of over 40 different medical and surgical specialties on the campus. It is operated by the Health Service Executive.Ron WaksmanEndodontic files and reamers: Endodontic files and reamers are surgical instruments used by dentists when performing root canal treatment. These tools are particularly used to clean and shape the root canal, with the concept being to perform complete chemomechanical debridement of the root canal to the length of the apical foramen.Carl E. Misch: Carl E. Misch is an American prosthodontist recognized internationally for his clinical and academic contributions to the field of implant dentistry.Iontocaine

(1/59) Using Medicaid claims to construct dental service market areas.

OBJECTIVE: To use Medicaid claims data to construct patient origin-based market areas for dental services and compare constructed market areas with those based on the practice county. DATA SOURCES: North Carolina Medicaid claims, eligibility, and provider files, the Cooperative Health Information Systems' dentist licensure files, and the Log Into North Carolina data. STUDY DESIGN: A visit-level file was created from the Medicaid claims data and aggregated by provider practice county and patient county of residence. Using the aggregated file and an algorithm based on the Elzinga-Hogarty approach, patient travel patterns were used to construct mutually exclusive patient origin market areas. DATA ANALYSIS: Market area characteristics were compared across definitions using Pearson correlation coefficients. In addition, estimations of provider participation were performed using market area characteristics as control variables. The beta coefficients associated with market area characteristics were compared across market area definitions. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Medicaid claims data, when combined with provider licensure files, can be used to construct market areas based on patient origin data. However, measures of market area characteristics are correlated highly between the two types of market areas studied. Furthermore, beta coefficients on market area variables in models of provider participation are similar in sign, significance, and magnitude across market definitions. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with market areas constructed using patient origin data, county-based market areas adequately proxy for dental markets. Using the county as the market area also avoids the time and computational costs associated with using a patient origin-based approach and facilitates the use of widely available data.  (+info)

(2/59) Ethics--dental registration in the seventeenth and early eighteenth century.

In the histories of dentistry, some mention is made of the licensing of tooth-drawers, and those who provided dental healthcare before the term Dentist started to become general in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. One of the most striking references to licensing appears in a little piece of doggerel printed under a 1768 print by Dixon after Harris.  (+info)

(3/59) Is it time to change state and regional dental licensure board exams in response to evidence from caries research?

State and regional board exams represent the final gateway to dental licensure. One would expect that the requirements for licensure would reflect procedures that are beneficial to each patient's oral health and that are consistent with the teachings of most dental schools. We conducted an Internet survey to determine whether Class 2 tooth preparations based on caries lesions whose radiolucencies were confined to enamel were allowed for state and regional exams. Information obtained for 46 of the 50 states revealed that 33 of the states (72%) allowed teeth with either an E1 or E2 lesion to be restored. Seventeen of these states allowed teeth with an E1 lesion to be restored. Only 12 of the 46 states (26%) covered by these boards did not allow teeth with E1 or E2 lesions to be surgically treated. In contrast, a recent report indicates that only 30% of dental schools permit teeth with enamel lesions to be restored to satisfy clinical requirements and competencies.  (+info)

(4/59) The relationship of performance on the dental admission test and performance on Part I of the National Board Dental Examinations.

Although many schools use scores on the Dental Admission Test (DAT) to evaluate applicants, the association of these scores with students' performance on Part I of the National Board Dental Examinations (NBDE) has not been recently evaluated. In this study, the hypothesis that the DAT scores would be a significant predictor of Part I of the NBDE scores was tested. We analyzed by multiple regression the scores on both examinations for the 114 students matriculating in the University of Mississippi School of Dentistry in 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995. The results indicate that DAT reading comprehension was a statistically significant predictor (p value less than or equal to 0.05) of all four subtests of Part I of the NBDE. The DAT biology and organic chemistry scores were statistically significant predictors of NBDE biochemistry-physiology, and the DAT quantitative analysis score was a statistically significant predictor of NBDE dental anatomy and occlusion. DAT perceptual ability and general chemistry were not significant predictors.  (+info)

(5/59) Banning live patients as test subjects on licensing examinations.

The use of live patients on the licensing examinations was a part of dentistry for almost the entire twentieth century and continues up until today. Considerable new debate about the appropriateness of using live patients as test subjects began in the mid-1990s and culminated in the passage of a resolution in the American Dental Association's year 2000 House of Delegates calling for an end to this practice by the year 2005. The live patient examination tests a narrow range of clinical skills, creates ethical dilemmas for candidates, for the host institution, and for the profession, and is unable to distinguish between those ready to assume independent practice from those who are not yet at that level of competence. There are other ways to test for such readiness including proposals in New York State to substitute a postdoctoral year or mannequins in place of live subjects. The public and the dental profession will be better off by developing alternative licensing tests to the use of live subjects.  (+info)

(6/59) Assessing the effectiveness of a new curriculum: Part I.

Although it is important to assess the effectiveness of programs, courses, and teaching methods to ensure that goals are being achieved, it is very difficult to evaluate the impact of fundamental changes in a whole curriculum. This paper reviews measures that have been used in the past in dentistry and medicine for evaluating academic programs: curriculum guidelines; competency documents; discussion and focus groups; competency examinations; board examinations; oral comprehensive examinations; student, alumni, and patient satisfaction surveys; evaluation by instructors; and clinical productivity. We conclude that, since no standard method exists, several tools should be used to obtain a multidimensional assessment.  (+info)

(7/59) Dental education in Europe: the challenges of variety.

Dental education varies considerably across Europe, with differing traditions of stomatology (dentistry as a specialty of medicine) and odontology (single autonomous discipline). Dental curricula within the European Union (EU) are governed by European law expressed in directives that are binding on all EU member states. The Dental Directives (78/686/EC) base the curriculum on the odontological model, but compliance by individual schools is often poor. The differences within the EU will likely intensify with the accession of Eastern/Central European countries where the stomatological tradition is strong. Moreover, current proposals within the EU will reduce even the limited existing effectiveness of the Dental Directives. The DentEd Thematic Network Project, which aims to promote convergence of European curricula through voluntary self-assessment and outside peer review, has involved about 25 percent of European schools. Its effectiveness in inducing changes in individual schools is unknown. It is not an accreditation system, and there is no intention to establish a European-wide common curriculum. Dentists' vocational training, here defined as "the organised education of the newly qualified dentist in supervised practice," is present in various models in many European countries, but is compulsory in only a few. Continuing dental education (CDE) is encouraged in most countries, but CDE-dependent licensure is required in only two.  (+info)

(8/59) Dental licensure reaches a crossroads: the rationale and method for reform.

Following calls to reform the dental licensure process, New York state has adopted an innovative approach that is responsive to the perceived shortcomings of the existing Part III examination. This solution eliminates the legally, psychometrically, and ethically compromised system, replacing it with a requirement that both ensures the public's protection and gives the new dentist additional experience in contemporary procedures in a supervised setting. The best preparation for the practice of dentistry is the practice of dentistry--something so profound and simple; yet it constitutes the core of New York's revolutionary reform. And the best way to measure that preparation for initial licensure is with the continual evaluation that occurs during the postdoctoral experience. New York is the first state to allow applicants for licensure to substitute the successful completion of a postdoctoral clinical program--a test in itself--for the traditional clinical licensure examination. The primary objective of this reform is to improve the quality of dentistry by elevating the standards for licensure. New York's expanded training protocol parallels that of medicine and reflects developments in the science and practice of the dental profession. The introduction of this new professional training model renders the clinical examination requirement obsolete. The fundamental principle of New York's new system is that a clinical examination is unnecessary to verify that a dentist is competent to enter practice following postdoctoral clinical training consisting of ongoing patient care, continuous oversight, mentoring, and evaluation.  (+info)

  • American Dental Asso
  • This new brand of leaders formed the Student American Dental Association (SADA), a national organization that would recruit students to serve in federal health care projects, function as an information clearinghouse on local student issues, coordinate student lobbying efforts and establish and promote student positions on professional issues. (
  • At the same time, the American Dental Association began developing its own plans for student affairs to channel student requests to the appropriate ADA departments. (
  • In addition to heading University of the Pacific's dental school for 28 years, Dugoni served as president of the California Dental Association, the American Dental Association, the American Dental Education Association and the American Board of Orthodontics. (
  • American Dental Association. (
  • The Foundation has worked with the assistance of a grant from the American Dental Association to recruit dentist who are willing to offer free or reduced dental assessments for children. (
  • hygienist
  • Additionally, in the state of Michigan, a special designation related to licensure allows the dental hygienist to work more autonomously and serve those with dental need that do not have access to care in a traditional dental setting. (
  • A dental hygienist who has held an initial license for less than two (2) years. (
  • A waiver of the requirement to complete a course in basic life support will only be granted for medical conditions or disabilities that prevent the dental hygienist from complying with the basic life support requirement. (
  • A waiver will only be granted for medical conditions or disabilities that prevent the dental hygienist from complying with the basic life support requirement. (
  • The dental hygienist is a primary resource for oral cancer screening and prevention. (
  • The major role of a dental hygienist is to perform periodontal therapy which includes things such periodontal charting, periodontal debridement (scaling and root planing), prophylaxis (preventing disease) for patients with periodontal disease. (
  • The treatment is normally carried out by a dental hygienist or oral health therapist, but involves all members of the dental team and can include specialists throughout the course of care. (
  • dentist
  • While approximately two-thirds of Americans seek care from a dentist regularly, many of the remaining individuals and families face challenges accessing dental care. (
  • Decisions about dental care should be between the patient and the dentist. (
  • Persuaded by the family dentist to follow in his footsteps, the young Dugoni enrolled in dental school at the University of Missouri-Kansas City before completing his D.D.S. degree at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in San Francisco, the school that would later be named after him. (
  • According to the Canadian Dental Association, the population-to-dentist ratio has been dropping in all provinces and territories. (
  • practitioners
  • According to the Act of Parliament, the NDEB is responsible for the establishment of qualifying conditions for a national standard of dental competence for general practitioners, for establishing and maintaining an examination facility to test for this national standard of dental competence and for issuing certificates to dentists who successfully meet this national standard. (
  • Among the early Filipino to act as "dental practitioners" and "curers of toothaches" were barbers. (
  • reform
  • Aspen Dental Management also agreed to reform its marketing practices, making clear to consumers on its website and elsewhere that Aspen Dental Management provides only administrative and business support services to dental practices that are independently owned and operated by licensed dentists, according to the AG's office. (
  • deans
  • Impressed with the scope and depth of the projects in which the other student organizations were involved, Spain and Evaskus returned to their schools and began contacting dental school deans and students across the country. (
  • Examiners are appointed by the Board from lists submitted by the DRA's and lists submitted by the Deans of Canadian dental faculties. (
  • school
  • Dental school admission criteria became more selective and the competition for acceptance into dental schools increased. (
  • However, at this time dental school could be likened to boot camp. (
  • Only a handful of women and minority students could be found in dental school. (
  • They approached Dennis Spain, a third year student at the university's dental school, to start a national association for dental students. (
  • For contact information, please visit the School of Dental Medicine's Department of Restorative Sciences & Biomaterials website . (
  • For Massachusetts licensure, if the student's dental degree is from a school where instruction (written or oral) was in a language other than English, documentation of a TOEFL score or the Academic Format International English Language Testing System (IELTS) score must be submitted with the license application. (
  • English proficiency requirements for licensure are different from Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine requirements. (
  • Foreign-trained dentists can obtain a DMD or DDS from an accredited dental school in Canada or the United States by enrolling in a qualifying or advanced standing program. (
  • During dental school, students must take and successfully pass Part I and Part II of the National Board Dental Examination (also known as "the Boards"), which are administered by the ADA. (
  • Part I is usually taken after the second year of dental school, while Part II is usually taken sometime in the fourth year. (
  • Examiners
  • The different boards include the Northeast Regional Board of Dental Examiners (usually referred to as the "NERB"), Western Regional Examining Board (usually referred to as the "WREB"), Central Regional Dental Testing Service (CRDTS) and the Southern Regional Testing Agency (SRTA). (
  • On August 2, 1899, the US Provost Marshal General established the Board of Dental Examiners. (
  • Through this Act, the Board of Dental Examiners was reorganized on January 10, 1903. (
  • The members of the Board of Dental Examiners were appointed by the Commissioner of Public Health after obtaining approval from the Board of Health of the Philippine Islands. (
  • After the enactment of Act No. 2462, the appointment of the members of the Board of Dental Examiners were relegated to the Director of Health and is to be approved by the Secretary of the Interior. (
  • degree
  • KCC offers an Associate in Applied Science degree in Dental Hygiene. (
  • KCC has several degree-completion agreements with universities, allowing KCC's Associate in Applied Science in Dental Hygiene degree to transfer and allow students to attain a bachelor of science degree. (
  • It is required for licensure in the United States and may also be required when applying for postgraduate studies in dental specialities after completing a dental degree. (
  • It was then named Philippine Dental College- the first Dental College recognized by the Philippine government and authorized to confer the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) in March 25, 1916 and Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD) in December 19, 1932. (
  • practices
  • New York City - The New York attorney general announced June 18 a settlement with Aspen Dental Management Inc. that requires the company to pay a $450,000 penalty, remove itself from any clinical decisions within its practices, not split patients' fees with the clinics and make it clear to consumers that the management company is not a provider of dental services. (
  • Under the agreement, which only pertains to Aspen Dental Management's affiliated practices in New York, the company must stop exercising any control over dental practices' clinical decision-making and will not communicate directly with practices' clinical staff concerning the provision of dental care, sales of services or products to patients or the amount of revenue generated by services or products, according to a news release from Attorney General Eric T. Schneiderman. (
  • Aspen Dental Management Inc. is a dental service provider based in East Syracuse, New York, that provides business support and administrative services to seven independently owned dental practices that maintain 40 offices in the state. (
  • Aspen Dental Management will also take steps to ensure its dental practices post their own legal name so that it's easily visible to patients. (
  • The complaints concerned quality of care, billing practices, misleading advertising, upselling of medical services and products the consumers felt were unnecessary and unclear or incomplete terms for the financing of dental care, according to the AG's office. (
  • The investigation revealed that Aspen Dental did not merely provide arms-length, back-end business and administrative support to independent dental practices," the news release states. (
  • profession
  • Serve as a role model for the dental hygiene profession. (
  • The dental profession has been identifying and addressing access issues for years. (
  • 2007: Foundation hosts historic program on diversity in the dental profession. (
  • The Sociedad dental de Filipinas, an organization of dentists in the Philippines founded in 1908, initiated the establishment of dental schools in the Philippines and vied for the improvement of the profession in the islands. (
  • students
  • CDEL is considering proposed revisions to the "ADA Guidelines for the Use of Sedation and General Anesthesia by Dentists" and the "Guidelines for Teaching Pain Control and Sedation to Dentists and Dental Students. (
  • ASDA was established to connect, support and advance the needs of dental students. (
  • ASDA represents 90 percent of all students from 66 U.S. dental schools. (
  • With a multitude of issues building, the solution presented itself-dental students needed to organize. (
  • In order to receive the grant for the project, SAMA needed dental students to organize. (
  • In January 1970, at a SAMA conference that included professional students of all disciplines, Spain met David Evaskus, a fourth year dental student at the University of Illinois. (
  • Students held a meeting in Chicago Feb. 14-15, 1970, just prior to the midwinter meeting of the Chicago Dental Society. (
  • Although records indicate that 45 students from 26 dental schools participated, more dental schools may have been unofficially represented because several students came to the meeting without the approval of their schools' administrations. (
  • This assembly represented a new generation of dental students. (
  • Dental hygiene can be an exciting and rewarding career in which students can make a difference helping others. (
  • Dental Hygiene students learn and gain valuable hands-on experience in KCC's on-campus Dental Hygiene Clinic, which serves a large patient population that values the integral role the clinic plays in access to care within the community. (
  • Dental students at accredited Canadian and American dental schools are permitted to take the examination no earlier than 3 months prior to graduation, which usually means the March of their graduating year. (
  • state
  • The New York State Dental Foundation (NYSDF) is an American not-for-profit organization established in 1980. (
  • 2018
  • Most insurance companies will require that claim submissions after January 1, 2018, use the ADA Current Dental Terminology (CDT) 2018 codes. (
  • addition
  • In addition, the NDEB gives an annual grant to the Commission to be applied to accreditation costs of undergraduate dental programs in Canada and the United States. (
  • Board
  • Dental Hygienists are required to complete a course in basic life support through a program approved by the Board for each renewal period. (
  • National Board Dental Examination Part I 2011 Guide" (PDF). (
  • This meeting resulted in the incorporation of The National Dental Examining Board of Canada (NDEB) in 1952 by an Act of Parliament of Canada. (
  • In 2004, the Board designated a representative from the Canadian Dental Regulatory Authorities Federation (CDRAF)as an official observer and appointed a Public Representative. (
  • patient
  • Patient Management, including Behavioral Science, Dental Public Health and Occupational Safety 7. (
  • Dental hygienists also aim to work inter-professionally to provide holistic oral health care in the best interest of their patient. (
  • Debridement Antimicrobial therapy Correction of local risk factors Fluoride therapy Caries control and placement of temporary restorations Occlusal therapy Minor orthodontic treatment If disease is present, secondary prevention may be necessary, the cause of disease should be identified and noted, and the relevant professional movement should be identified and patient instruction for dental plaque control established in an attempt to reinstate a healthy oral condition. (
  • NDEB
  • Prior to 1971, a graduate of an undergraduate dental program in Canada was required to successfully complete the NDEB examination (written essay-type) in order to be certified. (
  • Admissions
  • Results from IELTS will be considered for Massachusetts licensure, but IELTS is not accepted for program admissions consideration. (
  • foreign-trained dentists
  • Foreign-trained dentists also must take the NBDE in order to earn admission into advanced standing programs in US dental schools. (
  • The dental schools that offer these programs in Canada are: Dalhousie University University of Alberta University of British Columbia University of Toronto University of Manitoba University of Western Ontario McGill University Université de Montréal In 2011, the equivalency process for foreign trained dentists was launched. (
  • programs
  • Access challenges include difficulty getting to a dental office, prioritizing dental care among other health crises and basic needs of living, overcoming financial barriers, and navigating government assistance programs. (
  • Dental Hygienists may also serve as researchers and as educators in dental hygiene programs. (
  • The Foundation has published reports on the issuance of volunteer licensure and has created statewide programs to aid in the implementation of New York State's new dental health certificates law. (
  • Chair
  • NYSDF plans to host an October 2009 Conference on Oral Pathology with an entire day dedicated to training dentists to offer rapid HIV testing in the dental chair. (
  • professional
  • Professional associations are often a tremendous resource to individuals looking to obtain a special level of certification or licensure. (
  • The 300-booth professional trade show contains a lavish display of the latest products, services and technological innovations dental professionals use every day. (
  • national
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, 2000. (
  • The National Certificate could then be presented to the Provincial Dental Regulatory Authorities (DRA's) as evidence of the candidate's ability to meet a basic national standard of competence. (
  • Arizona
  • AzDA also manages three local component organizations, Central Arizona Dental Society (CADS), Northern Arizona Dental Society (NADS) and Southern Arizona Dental Society (SADS). (