*  Insanity defense - Wikipedia

The insanity defense, also known as the mental disorder defense, is a defense by excuse in a criminal case, arguing that the ... to define insanity for purposes of the insanity defense. Over its decades of use the definition of insanity has been modified ... "The Insanity Defense Among the States". FindLaw. Retrieved 20 October 2017.. *^ a b c Larson, Aaron (13 September 2017). "What ... "Federal Insanity Acquittees - Person Found Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity May Not Attack His Successful Insanity Defense in ...

*  An Insanity Defense Gears Up - tribunedigital-chicagotribune

On Friday, defense attorney Robert Will presented three medical experts who related Isbell`s medical history in an effort to ... Ronald Baron of Highland Park, who also testified as a defense witness, said he diagnosed eight personality disorders in Isbell ... a construction worker who has pleaded not guilty to the murder charge by reason of insanity. ... prove his insanity.. One of them, Dr. Pedro Paluay of Zion, Isbell`s family physician, said Isbell has been hospitalized eight ...

*  Insanity defense - Wikipedia

A Brief History of the Insanity Defense Evolution of the Insanity Plea Survey of US states' insanity defense criteria. ... The insanity defense, also known as the mental disorder defense, is a defense by excuse in a criminal case, arguing that the ... to define insanity for purposes of the insanity defense. Over its decades of use the definition of insanity has been modified ... insanity pleas have steadily increased in the UK. Mitigating factors, including things not eligible for the insanity defense ...

*  Insanity Defense Reform Act - Wikipedia

... assuming the insanity defense was raised). Following the Act's enactment, the defendant has the burden of proving insanity by " ... The Insanity Defense Reform Act of 1984 amended the United States federal laws governing defendants with mental diseases or ... Prior to the enactment of the law, the federal standard for "insanity" was that the government had to prove a defendant's ... 1986). Lawrence Zelic Freedman (Mar 1983), The Politics of Insanity: Law, Crime, and Human Responsibility, 4 (1), Political ...

*  The Use of the Insanity Defense as a Jail Diversion Mechanism for Mentally Ill Persons Charged With Misdemeanors | Journal of...

The Use of the Insanity Defense as a Jail Diversion Mechanism for Mentally Ill Persons Charged With Misdemeanors. Michele N. ... The Use of the Insanity Defense as a Jail Diversion Mechanism for Mentally Ill Persons Charged With Misdemeanors ... The Use of the Insanity Defense as a Jail Diversion Mechanism for Mentally Ill Persons Charged With Misdemeanors ... The Use of the Insanity Defense as a Jail Diversion Mechanism for Mentally Ill Persons Charged With Misdemeanors ...

*  Manteca Bulletin

Failure of insanity defense. Was James Holmes - convicted on Thursday of the 2012 massacre at the Aurora movie theatre - nuts? ... Failure of insanity defense. Was James Holmes - convicted on Thursday of the 2012 massacre at the Aurora movie theatre - nuts? ...

*  Popular Articles & Stories for May 15, 1998 - tribunedigital-sunsentinel

Grandmother To Use Insanity Defense NICOLE STERGHOS. *. Schools, Buildings, Parks Will Keep Her Name Alive By MICHAEL CABBAGE ...

*  Internet Archive Search: subject:"Criminal liability."

A case study in the insanity defense : the trial of John W. Hinckley, Jr. ... Insanity and crime [electronic resource] : a medico-legal commentary on the case of George Victor Townley ... Topics: Criminal liability, Mentally ill, Insanity (Law), Dangerously mentally ill, Mental health laws,.... ... Topics: Criminal liability, Mentally ill, Insanity (Law), Dangerously mentally ill, Mental health laws,.... ...

*  Popular Articles & Stories for April 10, 1986 - latimes

Possibility of Insanity Defense Raised by Lawyers' Move in Ramirez Hearing PAUL FELDMAN, Times Staff Writer. ... Master's Puts Up Good Defense in Solid 9-3 Defeat of Whittier DAVID KECK. ...

*  List of Stuff You Should Know episodes - Wikipedia

Uses of the Insanity Defense. HowStuffWorks. Retrieved 2016-03-17. How Magnets Work. HowStuffWorks. Retrieved 2016-03-17. What ...

*  Popular Articles & Stories for May 05, 1995 - tribunedigital-sunsentinel

Vet's Life Depends On Strength Of Insanity Defense By TREVOR JENSEN Staff Writer. ...

*  Contents of the AAPL Bulletin 1974 - 1985

Oregon's new insanity defense system: a review of the first five years, 1978 to 1982. J. L. Rogers, J. D. Bloom and S. M. ... Disposition of insanity defense cases in Oregon. J. L. Bloom and J. D. Bloom, Bull. Amer. Acad. Psychiatry & the Law, 9(2): 93- ... Crime and the insanity defense, an international comparison: Ontario and New York state. C. Greenland, Bull. Amer. Acad. ... Mania, crime and the insanity defense: a case report. R. A. Ratner, Bull. Amer. Acad. Psychiatry & the Law, 9(1): 23-32, 1981. ...

*  Voluntary Act legal definition of Voluntary Act

Insanity Defense.. Want to thank TFD for its existence? Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or visit the ... Nonetheless, the law protects individuals who succumb to coercion by allowing them to assert the defense of duress. The defense ... Medical testimony is commonly required to place a defendant's mental state into question and raise the defense of voluntariness ...

*  News Archives for 6/25/2001 | Lubbock Online | Lubbock Avalanche-Journal

Attorney: Insanity defense likely for Yates. HOUSTON {AP} An insanity defense likely will be used for a Houston woman accused ... Insanity plea likely for mother of slain children. HOUSTON {AP} Innocent by reason of insanity will likely be the plea of a ... Biotech conference opens in San Diego with defense of altered food after protests. SAN DIEGO {AP} The world's biggest annual ... WASHINGTON {AP} President Bush intends to ask Congress for an $18.4 billion increase in defense spending for the coming budget ...

*  Man ruled insane in killing of girlfriend - tribunedigital-chicagotribune

Insanity defense to face a test. October 26, 2004. *American Images Of Mental Illness. June 4, 1995 ... But Kane County Judge Timothy Sheldon said Kadlec was not guilty by reason of insanity. Kadlec will return to the Elgin Mental ... Susan Smith Trial: Insanity And Mental Illness Are Not The.... July 16, 1995 ...

*  PPT - Legal Right & Ethical Concerns for the Exceptional PowerPoint Presentation - ID:6790393

Insanity defense *Culpability often refers to capacity to distinguish right from wrong ... Ability to assist legal counsel in preparing and carrying out one's own defense ...

*  More Girls Using Illicit Steroids - tribunedigital-sunsentinel

Insanity Defense To Be Pursued. December 12, 2006. Find More Stories About ...

*  Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine Expert Witnesses

Insanity Defense / Diminished Capacity*Civil & Criminal Competency Evaluations*Competency to Stand Trial / Competency to Waive ... Civl expert and Competency (not Criminal) consults (Plaintiff or Defense) throughout USA , Canada & Internationally works only ... defense or plaintiff)*. Led 1st USA & International Delegation in Psychopharmacology and Neuropsychiatry. Expertise includes * ... may be called upon for psychiatric and neuropsychiatric forensic expertise to assist plaintiff and defense counsel, the courts ...

*  Tirado's senate campaign comes to an end | New York Post

Accused killer in Times Square crash plans insanity defense De Blasio is blocking out rival of his favored ferry service: suit ...

*  Daily blotter | New York Post

Accused killer in Times Square crash plans insanity defense De Blasio is blocking out rival of his favored ferry service: suit ...

*  Ex-Sanitation worker's hazing claims | New York Post

Accused killer in Times Square crash plans insanity defense De Blasio is blocking out rival of his favored ferry service: suit ...

*  Small funeral held for doctor in drug overdose | New York Post

Accused killer in Times Square crash plans insanity defense De Blasio is blocking out rival of his favored ferry service: suit ...

*  El Chapo has another chance to get out of solitary | New York Post

Accused killer in Times Square crash plans insanity defense De Blasio is blocking out rival of his favored ferry service: suit ... His defense team and prosecutors Friday are expected to discuss the "special administrative measures" surrounding Guzman's case ...

*  Jury nails slayer of Holocaust survivor | New York Post

Accused killer in Times Square crash plans insanity defense De Blasio is blocking out rival of his favored ferry service: suit ... Defense lawyer Daniel Scott had argued that Cutts' confession was coerced. Cutts faces a maximum of 25 years to life when ...

*  EndrTimes: GAWKER EXPOSED HILLARY'S SECRET BEFORE ITS DESTRUCTION! "AMERICA'S WIKIL...

... defense (25) deficit (10) DeGioia (2) Dei Verbum (1) deja vu (1) Delaware (1) delegates (3) Delilah (1) Deliverance (10) ... INSANITY (38) Inspiration (6) Instagram (1) Insurance (23) Intelligence (3) INTELLIGENGE (93) Inter view (1) interdependence (5 ... Alliance Defense Fund (2) alliances (10) Alpha (2) Alps (1) alt- right (1) Altadena Seventh-day Adventist Church (1) alumni (4) ... National Defense Authorization Act (2) national geographic (5) National Guard (2) National I.D. (2) National Prayer Breakfast ( ...

(1/30) Mental illness: psychiatry's phlogiston.

In physics, we use the same laws to explain why airplanes fly, and why they crash. In psychiatry, we use one set of laws to explain sane behaviour, which we attribute to reasons (choices), and another set of laws to explain insane behaviour, which we attribute to causes (diseases). God, man's idea of moral perfection, judges human deeds without distinguishing between sane persons responsible for their behaviour and insane persons deserving to be excused for their evil deeds. It is hubris to pretend that the insanity defence is compassionate, just, or scientific. Mental illness is to psychiatry as phlogiston was to chemistry. Establishing chemistry as a science of the nature of matter required the recognition of the non-existence of phlogiston. Establishing psychiatry as a science of the nature of human behaviour requires the recognition of the non-existence of mental illness.  (+info)

(2/30) Actions, causes, and psychiatry: a reply to Szasz.

In a recent paper, it was argued forcefully by Thomas Szasz that it is crucial to the scientific credibility of psychiatry that it abandon talk of the behaviour of the mentally "ill" in terms of causes: such behaviour is not caused by their condition--it simply has reasons, which are discounted by the medical model. It is argued in this paper that Szasz's theory is incomplete for two reasons: first, in assuming that reasons are radically different from causes, it cannot account for the possibility that "sane" behaviour might be just as much caused as "insane"; and second, it tacitly assumes that the origin of behaviour always lies with the agent--a view that arguably is an accident of grammar. Hence while there is no mental illness, this is because there is nothing that could be ill--and this means that there is no such thing as mental "health" either.  (+info)

(3/30) "Idiots, infants, and the insane": mental illness and legal incompetence.

Prior to the second world war, most persons confined in insane asylums were regarded as legally incompetent and had guardians appointed for them. Today, most persons confined in mental hospitals (or treated involuntarily, committed to outpatient treatment) are, in law, competent; nevertheless, in fact, they are treated as if they were incompetent. Should the goal of mental health policy be providing better psychiatric services to more and more people, or the reduction and ultimate elimination of the number of persons in the population treated as mentally ill?  (+info)

(4/30) Secular humanism and "scientific psychiatry".

The Council for Secular Humanism identifies Secular Humanism as a "way of thinking and living" committed to rejecting authoritarian beliefs and embracing "individual freedom and responsibility ... and cooperation." The paradigmatic practices of psychiatry are civil commitment and insanity defense, that is, depriving innocent persons of liberty and excusing guilty persons of their crimes: the consequences of both are confinement in institutions ostensibly devoted to the treatment of mental diseases. Black's Law Dictionary states: "Every confinement of the person is an 'imprisonment,' whether it be in a common prison, or in private house, or in the stocks, or even by forcibly detaining one in the public streets." Accordingly, I maintain that Secular Humanism is incompatible with the principles and practices of psychiatry.  (+info)

(5/30) The rhetorician's craft, distinctions in science, and political morality.

In his response to Szasz' Secular Humanism and Scientific Psychiatry, the author considers the use of rhetorical devices in Szasz' work, Szasz' avoidance of acknowledging psychiatry's scientific distinctions, and Szaszian libertarianism versus liberalism.  (+info)

(6/30) Alcoholism and homicide with respect to the classification systems of Lesch and Cloninger.

AIMS: Worldwide criminal statistics show a disproportionately high incidence of violent offences committed under the influence of alcohol. A psychopathological subtyping of alcohol dependence in offenders who committed homicide has mainly been related to impulsive and dissocial personalities up to now. METHODS: In an investigation on 48 alcohol-dependent offenders who committed homicide, a subtyping according to the multidimensional classification systems of Lesch and Cloninger has now been conducted for the first time. RESULTS: In Lesch's classification, there was a high incidence of homicides committed by type II and type III subjects with the comorbidity anxiety and cyclothymia. While type III offenders were more often repeat offenders, there was a remarkably high rate of first offenders among type II subjects (Chi-squared test; chi(2) = 30.0, df = 3, P < 0.001). With respect to Lesch's typology, the blood alcohol concentrations did differ significantly in the group of offenders (Kruskal-Wallis, chi(2) = 18.3, df = 3, P < 0.001), whereas the blood alcohol concentration of type II offenders at the time of offence was significantly lower than in type III offenders (Mann-Whitney-U, Z = -3.47; P = 0.001). Regarding to the Cloninger's typology, no significant differences in the aforementioned parameters could be found. DISCUSSION: An excessive noradrenergic reaction of anxiety offenders with initial withdrawal is discussed as a possible explanatory model.  (+info)

(7/30) The impossible dialogue between psychiatry and the judicial system: a language problem.

The interface between psychiatry and law is complex and has the potential for gross misunderstanding. Each discipline has its own concerns with regard to the psychiatric patient, and there is a significant language gap between the two disciplines. The language of the medical discipline describes the patient's state on a continuum that ranges from extremely ill to completely healthy. The judicial language, on the other hand, is a binary language: the patient is either competent or incompetent, either dangerous or not dangerous. This article describes three potential areas for discourse in the Israeli context: involuntary hospitalization, criminal responsibility and legal representation of involuntarily hospitalized patients. The two systems can be complementary only if both sides make a serious effort to communicate and respect each other's principles and language.  (+info)

(8/30) Criminal responsibility in Asperger's syndrome.

BACKGROUND: Asperger's syndrome (AS) has been of much interest in the last two decades. Most people with AS are law abiding and are not involved in any violence. Over the years, however, there is increasing evidence of violent behavior and criminal acts committed by some people with AS. The characteristics of the link between AS and violation of the law requires identification and definition and the question regarding the criminal responsibility to be attributed to these offenders needs to be clarified. DATA: We present three cases that illustrate how the special characteristics of this syndrome and particularly the inability to assess social situations and appreciate others' point of view constitute the main cause for the violent behavior and the criminal offences. For this specific behavior, the AS patients lack the criminal intent or the intent to cause harm (mens rea), which is essential for criminal responsibility. Thus it is reasonable to consider some AS sufferers not criminally responsible for their actions and unfit to stand trial. This approach has been accepted by the courts. CONCLUSION: It can be inferred that people with AS may not be criminally responsible despite not suffering from a psychotic illness.  (+info)



reason of insanity

  • A defendant claiming the defense is pleading " not guilty by reason of insanity " ( NGRI ) or " guilty but insane or mentally ill " in some jurisdictions which, if successful, may result in the defendant being committed to a psychiatric facility for an indeterminate period. (wikipedia.org)
  • A plea of diminished capacity is different from a plea of insanity in that "reason of insanity" is a full defense while "diminished capacity" is merely a plea to a lesser crime. (wikipedia.org)
  • This week, a jury in the courtroom of Judge Jack Hoogasian will decide the fate of Isbell, 34, a construction worker who has pleaded not guilty to the murder charge by reason of insanity. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The Insanity Defense Reform Act of 1984 amended the United States federal laws governing defendants with mental diseases or defects to make it significantly more difficult to obtain a verdict of not guilty only by reason of insanity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The law passed in the wake of public outrage after John Hinckley, Jr.'s acquittal by reason of insanity for his attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan. (wikipedia.org)
  • But Kane County Judge Timothy Sheldon said Kadlec was not guilty by reason of insanity. (chicagotribune.com)
  • On July 26, 2006, the Texas jury in her retrial found that Yates was not guilty by reason of insanity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reported to have been driven by an obsessive fixation on Jodie Foster, he was found not guilty by reason of insanity and remained under institutional psychiatric care until September 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hinkley was found not guilty by reason of insanity. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was condemned to death but the sentence was upended on appeal by reason of insanity. (wikipedia.org)

guilty

  • In 1994, Lorena Bobbitt was found not guilty when her defense argued that an irresistible impulse led her to cut off her husband's penis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because a ruling in favour of a plea of insanity was basically equated with a verdict of not guilty, it was generally very difficult to obtain. (wikipedia.org)

defendant

  • The insanity defense , also known as the mental disorder defense , is a defense by excuse in a criminal case , arguing that the defendant is not responsible for their actions due to an episodic or persistent psychiatric disease at the time of the criminal act. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the Act's enactment, the defendant has the burden of proving insanity by "clear and convincing evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • In criminal law, irresistible impulse is a defense by excuse, in this case some sort of insanity, in which the defendant argues that they should not be held criminally liable for their actions that broke the law, because they could not control those actions, even if they knew them to be wrong. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before 1800, if a defendant was acquitted on the grounds of insanity, he was simply allowed to go free because there was no law in place that allowed the government to detain him. (wikipedia.org)

plea of insan

  • The consensus among law officials of the time was that madness had to be "obvious and overwhelming" before a plea of insanity would be accepted as a defence. (wikipedia.org)

pleas

  • however, since the Criminal Procedure (Insanity and Unfitness to Plead) Act 1991, insanity pleas have steadily increased in the UK. (wikipedia.org)
  • There was also strong public sentiment against insanity pleas. (wikipedia.org)

psychiatrist

  • As the defense psychiatrist, Carpenter interviewed Hinckley for a total of 45 hours and took the stand at the trial to provide a compelling three days of testimony. (wikipedia.org)
  • One defense psychiatrist found that Serravo may have been able to tell what was or was not legally wrong, but his delusion made it impossible to tell moral right from wrong. (wikipedia.org)

forensic

  • The defense is based on evaluations by forensic mental health professionals with the appropriate test according to the jurisdiction. (wikipedia.org)

jury

  • Medical testimony is commonly required to place a defendant's mental state into question and raise the defense of voluntariness before a judge or jury. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In essence, the Criminal Lunatics Act required the detention of someone who had committed a crime in a bout of insanity rather than leaving it to the discretion of the judge and jury. (wikipedia.org)

statutory

  • : 613-635 In the criminal laws of Australia and Canada, statutory legislation enshrines the M'Naghten Rules , with the terms defense of mental disorder , defense of mental illness or not criminally responsible by reason of mental disorder employed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Homicide Act 1957 is the statutory basis for the defense of diminished responsibility in England and Wales, whereas in Scotland it is a product of case law. (wikipedia.org)
  • The court concluded: "that the term 'wrong' in the statutory definition of insanity refers to moral wrong. (wikipedia.org)

psychiatric

  • In 1985 he filed an amicus brief in Ake v. Oklahoma, in which the Supreme Court ruled that a person who is indigent has a right to receive a psychiatric evaluation, provided by the state, in cases where the insanity defense is being used. (wikipedia.org)

defendant's

  • Prior to the enactment of the law, the federal standard for "insanity" was that the government had to prove a defendant's sanity beyond a reasonable doubt (assuming the insanity defense was raised). (wikipedia.org)

criminal

  • Being incapable of distinguishing right from wrong is one basis for being found to be legally insane as a criminal defense . (wikipedia.org)
  • Anglo-American criminal insanity: an historical perspective. (emory.edu)
  • The defense of duress is based on the idea that the deterrent and retributive value of Criminal Law is not served by punishing individuals for behavior that is not the product of free and independent will. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • She was represented by Houston criminal defense attorney George Parnham. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public outcry over the verdict led to the Insanity Defense Reform Act of 1984, which altered the rules for consideration of mental illness of defendants in Federal Criminal Court proceedings in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • The terms of the Criminal Lunatics Act applied to people charged with treason, murder, or felony who were acquitted on the grounds of insanity or who appeared to be insane when apprehended, brought in for arraignment, or summoned for discharge due to a lack of prosecution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perlin started practicing law in New Jersey, US as a public criminal defense lawyer and mental health advocate for people with mental disabilities,[citation needed] and joined the New York Law School faculty in 1984. (wikipedia.org)
  • People v. Serravo, Supreme Court of Colorado, 823 P2d 128 (1992), is a criminal case involving the meaning of "wrong" in the expression "incapable of distinguishing right from wrong", as it appears in the M'Naghten rule for the insanity defense. (wikipedia.org)

murder charge

witness

  • Dr. Ronald Baron of Highland Park, who also testified as a defense witness, said he diagnosed eight personality disorders in Isbell. (chicagotribune.com)

partial

  • Diminished responsibility or diminished capacity can be employed as a mitigating factor or partial defense to crimes and, in the United States, is applicable to more circumstances than the insanity defense. (wikipedia.org)

prove

  • On Friday, defense attorney Robert Will presented three medical experts who related Isbell`s medical history in an effort to prove his insanity. (chicagotribune.com)

state

  • Psychiatrists for the state and the defense also testified that Holton had major depressive disorder and passive-aggressive personality disorder at the time of the murders. (wikipedia.org)

diminished capacity

  • Mitigating factors, including things not eligible for the insanity defense such as intoxication (or, more frequently, diminished capacity ), may lead to reduced charges or reduced sentences. (wikipedia.org)

Legal

  • The court also examined the relationship between the legal test of insanity and a deific decree, the belief that an act is not wrong because God ordered it. (wikipedia.org)

attorney

Trial

people

  • The Immutable Command Meets the Unknowable Mind: Deific Decree Claims and the Insanity Defense after People v. Serravo, ME Clark - Denv. (wikipedia.org)

Tell

  • Other defense psychiatrists found that his delusions made him unable to tell right from wrong, in accordance with standards of society. (wikipedia.org)