Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Income Tax: Tax on the net income of an individual, organization, or business.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.United StatesCross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Censuses: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Economics: The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.BrazilAfrican Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Economics, Medical: Economic aspects of the field of medicine, the medical profession, and health care. It includes the economic and financial impact of disease in general on the patient, the physician, society, or government.Public Assistance: Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Salaries and Fringe Benefits: The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Gross Domestic Product: Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Eligibility Determination: Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Medical Assistance: Financing of medical care provided to public assistance recipients.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Inflation, Economic: An increase in the volume of money and credit relative to available goods resulting in a substantial and continuing rise in the general price level.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.CaliforniaChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Models, Econometric: The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Insurance, Disability: Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Social Conditions: The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.Sociology, Medical: The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Small-Area Analysis: A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.Economic Development: Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Economic Recession: Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc,, accessed 4/23/2009)Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.IndiaAttitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Fees, Medical: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for medical services.Psychosocial Deprivation: The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.Retirement: The state of being retired from one's position or occupation.Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Pensions: Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.Cost Sharing: Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Happiness: Highly pleasant emotion characterized by outward manifestations of gratification; joy.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Specialization: An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Practice Management, Medical: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician's practice.Sampling Studies: Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.

*  Modelling the age-dependent personal income distribution in the USA

... the model has demonstrated an excellent prediction power in almost all income bins except the lowermost ones. Here we address ... Numerical modelling of the age-dependent personal income distribution (PID) in the USA is fulfilled based on a micro- and ... "Modeling the evolution of age-dependent Gini coefficient for personal incomes in the U.S. between 1967 and 2005," MPRA Paper ... "Modeling the evolution of age-dependent Gini coefficient for personal incomes in the U.S. between 1967 and 2005," Working ...

*  Income Distribution in Brazil 1981-1990: Parametric and Non-Parametric Approaches

Applying nonparametric kernel density estimation methods we also show that the shape of the underlying income distribution was ... We show that inequality changed dramatically during the decade, along with modest changes in average income. ... Using a newly available comprehensive micro-data set we examine changes in the shape of the Brazilian income distribution ... "Income Distribution In Brazil 1981-1990 Parametric and Non-Parametric Approach," Journal of Income Distribution, Journal of ...

*  Estimate a consumption function for the UK economy explaining the statistical techniques you have used. - A-Level Maths -...

Permanent Income / Life cycle Theories. Friedman's Permanent Income Hypothesis (PIH) and Modigliani's Life Cycle Hypothesis ( ... The simple Keynesian theory suggested as income increases people only spend part of their increased income. The permanent ... c1 is the elasticity of consumption with respect to income. Estimating this log consumption function we obtain:. c = 0.773 + ... The elasticity with respect to income is 0.937 and the level of consumption predicted is very similar to the simple Keynesian ...

*  Disposable Income - Wikipedia

Disposable Income è un album degli Snuff pubblicato nel 2003. Angels 1-5 - 3:51 The other half of you - 2:30 Chocs away - 2:34 ... Disposable Income, su AllMusic, All Media Network. URL consultato il 07-11-2008.. ...

*  Long-Term Disability Income Insurance

... or individual to provide a reasonable replacement of a portion of an employee's earned income lost through serious and ... or individual to provide a reasonable replacement of a portion of an employee's earned income lost through serious and ...

*  Income Elasticity of Demand | S-cool, the revision website

Your real income has fallen. The effect on the demand for various goods following a price rise as a result of the income effect ... If real incomes rise, the demand for an inferior good will fall. If real incomes fall (in a recession, for instance), the ... Following the price rise, real incomes fall, so for a normal good the income effect will cause the demand for the good to fall ... People spent most of their income on potatoes, leaving a small proportion of their income to purchase, say, meat; a source of ...

*  ISDH: Household Income Table

Household Income Table. Income Eligibility for the Children's Special Health Care Services (CSHCS) Program. Based on Health and ... CSHCS Monthly Income at 250% of FPL. Income Must Be Equal To or Less Than The Below. ... CSHCS Annual Income at 250% of FPL. Income Must Be Equal To or Less Than The Below. ... To be financially eligible for CSHCS, the gross household income must be less than or equal to 250% of the federal poverty ...


ACCUHEALTH REPORTS SECOND QUARTER RESULTS NET INCOME UP 286 PERCENT FROM PRIOR YEAR RECORD REVENUE by 'PR Newswire'; Business ... 413,163 175,956 134.8 Income before tax 314,122 53,548 486.6 Net income 195,122 50,548 286.0 Earnings per share .13 0.03 333.3 ... 808,158 385,880 109.4 Income before tax 609,822 166,023 425.6 Net income 353,822 109,023 224.5 Earnings per share .23 0.07 ... ITEC Attractions Reports Record Second-Quarter Revenues and Net Income. Accuhealth Inc. Reports 1st Quarter Net Income of $247 ... REPORTS SECOND QUARTER RESULTS NET INCOME UP 286 PERCENT...-a012403476

*  CHYDX Quote - Calamos High Income Fund - Bloomberg Markets

Performance charts for Calamos High Income Fund (CHYDX) including intraday, historical and comparison charts, technical ... Calamos High Income Fund is an open-end fund incorporated in the USA. The Fund seeks the highest level of current income ... obtainable with reasonable risk by high yield fixed-income securities, commonly known as "junk bonds,"issued by both U.S. and ...

*  Business Online Happysurfer: February 2010

Enjoy True Financial Freedom! Make a Full-time Income with Part-time Effort! Spend More Time with your Family! Be Your Own Boss ... We have helped thousands earn a substantial income. With most people worried about paying their bills, now is the perfect time ...

*  Statistical Theories of Income and Wealth Distribution - Economics E-Journal

The distributions of income and wealth in countries across the world are found to possess some robust and stable features ... Anindya S. Chakrabarti and Bikas K. Chakrabarti (2010). Statistical Theories of Income and Wealth Distribution. Economics: The ...

*  Nowcasting household income in the UK - Office for National Statistics

Median household income: The median household income is the income of what would be the middle household, if all households in ... This was in part due to faster growth in income from earnings and self-employment income at the bottom end of the income ... Disposable income: Disposable income is the amount of money that households have available for spending and saving after direct ... 4. Trends in income inequality. There are a number of different ways in which inequality of household income can be presented ...

*  Reliance Income Fund | business | Hindustan Times

Reliance Income Fund is a debt income fund with an overall asset allocation policy of 50 per cent to 100 per cent towards debt ... Reliance Income Fund Yield to maturity of this fund is attractive at 9.22 %, while the weighted average maturity is also ... For investors with a reasonably long-term investment horizon and who are looking at fixed income investment avenues, Reliance ... Income Fund is worth taking a look, especially in the current situation where interest rates are ruling high and there is a ...

*  Mellon Financial earnings boosted by asset management ops - MarketWatch

MEL, -0.12% said Wednesday net income rose to $231 million, or 56 cents a share from $125 million, or 30 cents a share a year ... Excluding discontinued operations, the Pittsburgh company said net income came in at $228 million, or 55 cents a share compared ...

*  Investing for income - MarketWatch

Unless you have a financial plan and investment policy in place, unless you are certain that your assets allocated properly, and that you are well diversified, you might be wondering what sort of changes to make your portfolio given all that has gone on the stock and bond market these past few weeks. Here's what top financial advisers have to say.

*  Capital & Labor - Opsin Imaging

So there is a positive feedback loop with capital income: more capital, more income; more income, more capital. We can guess ... And the unhitching of income from our universal 24-hour allotment means that income from capital can more readily be large than ... or any other activity that provides income as a function of one's efforts, aka labors. Or, one can produce income by owning ... What I get so far is that one can produce income either from doing something: swinging a hammer (okay, firing a nail gun); ...

*  CMNIX Calamos Market Neutral Income I Fund CMNIX Quote Price News

Today's real-time CMNIX fund quote Calamos Market Neutral Income I ticker symbol CMNIX price, snapshot, NAV, ratings, ...

*  Nike 1st quarter net income jumps

... helped the athletic goods maker's net income rise 38 percent in the fiscal first quarter. ... Net income was helped by easing costs for raw materials and selling fewer items at a discount, partly offset by higher labor ... said Thursday its net income for the three months that ended on Aug. 31 rose to $780 million, or 86 cents per share. That ... helped the athletic goods maker's net income rise 38 percent in the fiscal first quarter. ...

*  Amgens Second Quarter 2008 Adjusted Earnings Per Share Increased 2 Percent to 114

Income before income taxes 1,188 400 1,588 Provision for income taxes 247 106 (j) 353 ------ -------- ---------- Net income $ ... Income before income taxes 2,625 533 3,158 Provision for income taxes 548 157 (j) 705 ------ -------- ---------- Net income $ ... Operating income 1,130 435 1,565 Interest and other income, net 7 - 7 ------ -------- ---------- Income before income taxes ... Income before income taxes 2,531 663 3,194 Provision for income taxes 401 92 (k) 659 166 (l) ------ -------- ---------- Net ...

*  Green Plains Reports Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2012 Financial Results

0.94 per diluted share Net income of $6.7 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, excluding the gain on the sale of agribusiness ... Net income of $33.0 million, or $0.94 per diluted share. * Net income of $6.7 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, excluding ... Net income (loss) attributable to Green Plains. $ 33,023. $ 13,266. $ 11,779. $ 38,418. Interest and amortization expense ... Net income attributable to Green Plains. $ 33,023. $ 13,266. $ 11,779. $ 38,418. Net loss attributable to noncontrolling ...

*  CHI Insider Trading - Calamos Convertible Opportunities & Income Fund Transactions - MarketWatch

Income Fund - including CHI insider transactions like stocks held, purchased and sold. ...

*  ConocoPhillips income falls 5% - MarketWatch

In a theme to be repeated throughout the industry this quarter, refining and marketing net income fell to $1.2 billion from $ ... NEW YORK (MarketWatch) -- ConocoPhillips on Wednesday said net income fell 5% as the oil giant saw its refining margins eaten ... Exploration and production net income for the third quarter rose to $2.08 billion from $1.9 billion. ...

*  Race and Health Disparities Among Seniors in Urban Areas in Brazil

w17069 Income-Based Disparities in Health Care Utilization under Universal Coverage in Brazil. ... are historical differences in rural living conditions and current income. Present economic conditions are more relevant to ... not attributable to observable characteristics are more important when comparing individuals in the upper half of the income ...

*  Superstar Cities

We show that the growing spatial skewness in house prices and incomes are related and can be explained, at least in part, by ... Scarce land leads to a bidding-up of land prices and a sorting of high-income families relatively more into those desirable, ... Differences in house price and income growth rates between 1950 and 2000 across metropolitan areas have led to an ever-widening ... unique, low housing construction markets, which we label "superstar cities." Continued growth in the number of high-income ...

*  Low Income | HuffPost

Many Low-Income Students Use Only Their Phone to Get Online. What Are They Missing? By The Conversation US, Contributor ... Among Low-Income Working Families, a Sharp Racial and Ethnic Divide Brandon Roberts, Contributor Manager, Working Poor Families ... Obamacare Delivers Health Insurance to Low-Income Whites By Algernon Austin, Contributor author of America Is Not Post-Racial: ...

Circular flow of income: The circular flow of income or circular flow is a model of the economy in which the major exchanges are represented as flows of money, goods and services, etc. between economic agents.Taxation in New Mexico: Taxation in New Mexico takes several different forms. The principal taxes levied in the U.Poverty trap: A poverty trap is "any self-reinforcing mechanism which causes poverty to persist."Costas Azariadis and John Stachurski, "Poverty Traps," Handbook of Economic Growth, 2005, 326.Relative index of inequality: The relative index of inequality (RII) is a regression-based index which summarizes the magnitude of socio-economic status (SES) as a source of inequalities in health. RII is useful because it takes into account the size of the population and the relative disadvantage experienced by different groups.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Neighbourhood: A neighbourhood (Commonwealth English), or neighborhood (American English), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area. Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Lucas paradox: In economics, the Lucas paradox or the Lucas puzzle is the observation that capital does not flow from developed countries to developing countries despite the fact that developing countries have lower levels of capital per worker.}}Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.McCloskey critique: The McCloskey critique refers to a critique of post-1940s "official modernist" methodology in economics, inherited from logical positivism in philosophy. The critique maintains that the methodology neglects how economics can be done, is done, and should be done to advance the subject.Mortality rate: Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time. Mortality rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per 1,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 9.Contraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.University of CampinasAfrican-American family structure: The family structure of African-Americans has long been a matter of national public policy interest.Moynihan's War on Poverty report A 1965 report by Daniel Patrick Moynihan, known as The Moynihan Report, examined the link between black poverty and family structure.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Australian referendum, 1913 (Trade and Commerce): The Constitution Alteration (Trade and Commerce) 1912 was an Australian referendum held in the 1913 referendums which sought to alter the Australian Constitution to extend Commonwealth legislative power in respect to trade and commerce.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Supplemental Security Income: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a United States government program that provides stipends to low-income people who are either aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled.(SSA "Supplemental Security Income (SSI)" p.Canadian Organ Replacement Registry: The Canadian Organ Replacement Registry CORR is a health organisation was started by Canadian nephrologists and kidney transplant surgeons in 1985 in order to develop the care of patients with renal failure. In the early 1990s data on liver and heart transplantation were added to the registry.Food desert: A food desert is a geographic area where affordable and nutritious food is difficult to obtain, particularly for those without access to an automobile.USDA Defines Food Deserts | American Nutrition Association Some research links food deserts to diet-related health problems and health disparities in affected populations, but this phenomenon has been disputed.Injustice SocietySunshine Social Welfare Foundation: Sunshine Social Welfare Foundation (Chinese: 陽光社會福利基金會) is a charity established in 1981 in Taiwan to provide comprehensive services for burn survivors and people with facial disfigurement.National Healthy Homes Hero Award: National Healthy Homes Hero Award is an award presented by a consortium of agencies at the United States' National Healthy Homes Conference. The first year this award was presented was in 2011.Pavement life-cycle cost analysis: In September 1998, the United States Department of Transportation (DoT) introduced risk analysis, a probabilistic approach to account for the uncertainty of the inputs of the cost/benefit evaluation of pavement projects, into its decision-making policies. The traditional (deterministic) approach did not consider the variability of inputs.Rehetobel: Rehetobel is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Capital Assistance Program: The Capital Assistance Program is a U.S.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.List of U.S. states by life expectancy: This article presents a list of United States states sorted by their life expectancy at birth and by race/ethnicity in every state where the population of that racial or ethnic group is sufficiently large for robust estimates. The data is taken from the Measure of America's third national human development report, The Measure of America 2013–2014 width="25%" align="center" |San Diego County, California Probation: The San Diego County Probation Department is the body in San Diego County, California responsible for supervising convicted offenders in the community, either who are on probation, such as at the conclusion of their sentences, or while on community supervision orders.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Meredith EatonMothers TalkBehavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.History of sociology: Sociology as a scholarly discipline emerged primarily out of enlightenment thought, shortly after the French Revolution, as a positivist science of society. Its genesis owed to various key movements in the philosophy of science and the philosophy of knowledge.California Proposition 29 (2012): Proposition 29, the California Cancer Research Act, is a California ballot measure that was defeated by California voters at the statewide election on June 5, 2012.Private healthcareMultiple disabilitiesCASY cell counting technology: CASY technology is an electric field multi-channel cell counting system. It was first marketed by Schärfe System GmbH in 1987 under the name CASY1.

(1/2784) Do housing tenure and car access predict health because they are simply markers of income or self esteem? A Scottish study.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate relations between health (using a range of measures) and housing tenure or car access; and to test the hypothesis that observed relations between these asset based measures and health are simply because they are markers for income or self esteem. DESIGN: Analysis of data from second wave of data collection of West of Scotland Twenty-07 study, collected in 1991 by face to face interviews conducted by nurse interviewers. SETTING: The Central Clydeside Conurbation, in the West of Scotland. SUBJECTS: 785 people (354 men, 431 women) in their late 30s, and 718 people (358 men, 359 women) in their late 50s, participants in a longitudinal study. MEASURES: General Health Questionnaire scores, respiratory function, waist/hip ratio, number of longstanding illnesses, number of symptoms in the last month, and systolic blood pressure; household income adjusted for household size and composition; Rosenberg self esteem score; housing tenure and care access. RESULTS: On bivariate analysis, all the health measures were significantly associated with housing tenure, and all except waist/hip ratio with car access; all except waist/hip ratio were related to income, and all except systolic blood pressure were related to self esteem. In models controlling for age, sex, and their interaction, neither waist/hip ratio nor systolic blood pressure remained significantly associated with tenure or care access. Significant relations with all the remaining health measures persisted after further controlling for income or self esteem. CONCLUSIONS: Housing tenure and car access may not only be related to health because they are markers for income or psychological traits; they may also have some directly health promoting or damaging effects. More research is needed to establish mechanisms by which they may influence health, and to determine the policy implications of their association with health.  (+info)

(2/2784) Impact of market value on human mate choice decisions.

Mate choice strategies are a process of negotiation in which individuals make bids that are constrained by their status in the market place. Humans provide an unusual perspective on this because we can measure their explicitly expressed preferences before they are forced to make any choices. We use advertisements placed in newspaper personal columns to examine, first, the extent to which evolutionary considerations affect the level of competition (or market value) during the reproductively active period of people's lives and, second, the extent to which market value influences individual's willingness to make strong demands of prospective mates. We show that female market value is determined principally by women's fecundity (and, to a lesser extent, reproductive value), while male market value is determined by men's earning potential and the risk of future pairbond termination (the conjoint probability that the male will either die or divorce his partner during the next 20 years). We then show that these selection preferences strongly influence the levels of demands that men and women make of prospective partners (although older males tend to overestimate their market value).  (+info)

(3/2784) Views of managed care--a survey of students, residents, faculty, and deans at medical schools in the United States.

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Views of managed care among academic physicians and medical students in the United States are not well known. In 1997, we conducted a telephone survey of a national sample of medical students (506 respondents), residents (494), faculty members (728), department chairs (186), directors of residency training in internal medicine and pediatrics (143), and deans (105) at U.S. medical schools to determine their experiences in and perspectives on managed care. The overall rate of response was 80.1 percent. RESULTS: Respondents rated their attitudes toward managed care on a 0-to-10 scale, with 0 defined as "as negative as possible" and 10 as "as positive as possible." The expressed attitudes toward managed care were negative, ranging from a low mean (+/-SD) score of 3.9+/-1.7 for residents to a high of 5.0+/-1.3 for deans. When asked about specific aspects of care, fee-for-service medicine was rated better than managed care in terms of access (by 80.2 percent of respondents), minimizing ethical conflicts (74.8 percent), and the quality of the doctor-patient relationship (70.6 percent). With respect to the continuity of care, 52.0 percent of respondents preferred fee-for-service medicine, and 29.3 percent preferred managed care. For care at the end of life, 49.1 percent preferred fee-for-service medicine, and 20.5 percent preferred managed care. With respect to care for patients with chronic illness, 41.8 percent preferred fee-for-service care, and 30.8 percent preferred managed care. Faculty members, residency-training directors, and department chairs responded that managed care had reduced the time they had available for research (63.1 percent agreed) and teaching (58.9 percent) and had reduced their income (55.8 percent). Overall, 46.6 percent of faculty members, 26.7 percent of residency-training directors, and 42.7 percent of department chairs reported that the message they delivered to students about managed care was negative. CONCLUSIONS: Negative views of managed care are widespread among medical students, residents, faculty members, and medical school deans.  (+info)

(4/2784) Explaining the decline in health insurance coverage, 1979-1995.

The decline in health insurance coverage among workers from 1979 to 1995 can be accounted for almost entirely by the fact that per capita health care spending rose much more rapidly than personal income during this time period. We simulate health insurance coverage levels for 1996-2005 under alternative assumptions concerning the rate of growth of spending. We conclude that reduction in spending growth creates measurable increases in health insurance coverage for low-income workers and that the rapid increase in health care spending over the past fifteen years has created a large pool of low-income workers for whom health insurance is unaffordable.  (+info)

(5/2784) Cost of tax-exempt health benefits in 1998.

The tax expenditure for health benefits is the amount of revenues that the federal government forgoes by exempting the following from the federal income and Social Security taxes: (1) employer health benefits contribution, (2) health spending under flexible spending plans, and (3) the tax deduction for health expenses. The health tax expenditure was $111.2 billion in 1998. This figure varied from $2,357 per family among those with annual incomes of $100,000 or more to $71 per family among those with annual incomes of less than $15,000. Families with incomes of $100,000 or more (10 percent of the population) accounted for 23.6 percent of all tax expenditures.  (+info)

(6/2784) Is health insurance in Greece in need of reform?

This paper aims to assess the relationship between insurance contributions and health benefits in Greece by using information from sickness funds' accounts. The paper argues that the fragmentation of social health insurance, and the particular ways in which sickness funds' financial services are organized, are a major source of inequity and are grossly inefficient. The survival of these systems in the 1990s cannot be explained except on grounds of inertia and corporate resistance.  (+info)

(7/2784) User charges for health care: a review of recent experience.

This paper reviews recent experiences with increases in user charges and their effect on the utilization of health care. Evidence from several countries of differences in utilization between rich and poor is presented, and recent accounts of sharp, and often sustained, drops in utilization following fee increases, are presented and discussed. Fee income, appropriately used, represents a small but significant additional resource for health care. Recent national experiences appear to have concentrated on achieving cost recovery objectives, rather than on improving service quality and health outcomes. Appraisal of financing changes must be linked to probable health outcomes. Successful large-scale experience in linking these two is in short supply.  (+info)

(8/2784) The potential of health sector non-governmental organizations: policy options.

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have increasingly been promoted as alternative health care providers to the state, furthering the same goals but less hampered by government inefficiencies and resource constraints. However, the reality of NGO health care provision is more complex. Not only is the distinction between government and NGO providers sometimes difficult to determine because of their operational integration, but NGOs may also suffer from resource constraionts and management inefficiencies similar to those of government providers. Some registered NGOs operate as for-profit providers in practice. Policy development must reflect the strengths and weaknesses of NGOs in particular settings and should be built on NGO advantages over government in terms of resource mobilization, efficiency and/or quality. Policy development will always require a strong government presence in co-ordinating and regulating health care provision, and an NGO sector responsive to the policy goals of government.  (+info)

earners pay

  • Because the state income tax is now steeply progressive, upper income earners pay 9% on the last dollars they earn. (
  • As the Illinois Tax Accountability Project (2001) notes, "Currently, our bottom 20% of income earners pay 13.5% of their total income to the state in taxes, while the wealthiest 1% pay only 4.9% of their total income. (


  • Income Tax Exemptions refer to those incomes pf a person which are not taxable at the time of calculating income tax. (


  • This results in extra deduction of income tax from your salary. (
  • I would like to say that I regularly deduct my taxes on my salary income but I failed to file my income tax return due to unawareness. (


  • Explore the following list of some special types of Income which come under the exemption cover of Income Tax. (
  • Exemption is provided also in respect of any other income arising outside India provided tax on such income is payable to that Government. (
  • One possibility that could gain bipartisan support is a proposal in the report Giving Tax Credit Where Credit Is Due (Cherry and Sawicky 2000), which outlines a way to merge and expand the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), the dependent exemption, the Child Tax Credit, and the Additional Child Credit. (
  • Given that Illinois has no standard deduction (there are, however, some additional deductions for those meeting special circumstances), this exemption level is a paltry income tax threshold (Giertz and McGuire 1999). (


  • Usually, income taxes are paid by individuals, families and businesses and go into a general fund to pay the government's bills. (
  • Typically, the new tax starts off relatively "low" like the New Jersey income tax in 1976, while the existing tax-in New Jersey's case local property taxes- is then lowered a bit. (
  • PMC-Sierra Inc.'s PMCS second-quarter profit rose 58% as a recovery of income taxes boosted the chip maker's bottom line, though revenue and adjusted profits slipped from a year earlier. (
  • The latest period included a $25.7 million recovery of income taxes, mostly related to a benefit from the recognition of certain U.S. tax credits. (
  • There is still a way to save tax and get a refund from the Income Tax Department in case your employer has deducted higher taxes. (
  • The decentralized finance of education via property taxes means that taxpayers who live in well-off local jurisdictions bear a lower burden than those in lower-income communities. (
  • As the calendar year wraps up and draws to a close, there have been a flurry of final year-end developments and many of them related directly or indirectly to your income taxes. (


  • Moreover, what is called the "zero bracket amount," the amount of income exempt from tax, is only $2,000 per person. (

state inc

  • Governor Christie stated on Bloomberg radio he wants to cut the state income tax in order to make New Jersey more attractive than Pennsylvania and New York to do business. (
  • The New Jersey state income tax is devoted for so-called property tax relief. (
  • The state income tax is not very helpful in this context - Illinois is one of only seven states with a flat rate income tax. (


  • Of the many new revenue provisions contained in the ACA, the new tax on net investment income under Section 1411 of the Code, sometimes called the New Medicare Tax, will likely have the broadest near-term impact on tax planning considerations for closely held business owners, especially for passive activities, and it will become effective on January 1, 2013. (

required to file

  • It's that time of the year again when you are required to file your income tax return (ITR) for the previous financial year. (


  • notes that the idea that his plan can somehow "slash individual income tax rates without losing federal revenue or favoring the wealthy remains at best unproven, and in our judgment, based on available evidence, impossible. (
  • General Information - The Connecticut Department of Revenue, in conjunction with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), accepts electronically filed business income tax and individual income tax returns as part of the IRS Modernized e-File (MeF) Program. (


  • The time has come to end the redistribution of income in the state of New Jersey. (
  • 2000). At the same time, the top 5% of families in Illinois enjoyed an average 42% (or $69,000) increase in their income. (


  • Submit all the documents related to such type of Income and get your clasim easily. (


  • In addition, this year property tax relief has disappeared completely for dozens of upper income communities as their state aid from the income tax was cut to zero. (
  • Taxpayers in middle and upper income communities are taxed to pay most of the school costs of the Abbott school districts. (


  • Filing income tax return? (
  • Income tax return forms are annexure less and electronic. (
  • I am in receipt of your notice reference # AB/12/82 dated 20-03-2012 regarding the non filing of Income tax return for the tax year 2011. (
  • As directed by you I filed the Income tax year for the tax year 2011.The copy of tax return and acknowledgement slip for tax year 2011 are enclosed for your information. (


  • and boost the economies of local jurisdictions with a large number of middle- and lower-income workers. (


  • Pilot's Income Tax & Bookkeeping Service, Inc. (


  • Add to that to the federal income tax and Medicare tax of 1.45%, and the marginal tax rate in New Jersey is closing in on 50%, and will increase after December 31, 2010, if the Bush tax cuts are allowed to expire. (


  • Abolishing the income tax would force local school districts to make the hard choices about school funding they have not had to do because the income tax propped up the out- of-control spending that has driven costs up for more than three decades. (


  • However, if the governor wants to make New Jersey one of the most attractive states in America to do business, if not the most attractive, the income tax should be cut all the way to zero. (


  • the income tax has failed to stem the rise in property tax and it has nearly quadrupled from a flat 2.5% to 9% on upper income taxpayers, at the margin. (


  • According to Union Budget 2010-11, a few changes have been made in Income Tax structure. (


  • On mining, Henares said the government should no longer grant income tax holidays to companies engaged in exploration. (


  • In Illinois, the bottom 20% of families actually averaged a small decline in annual, inflation-adjusted income between 1980 and 1998 (Bernstein et al. (