Hypertensive Retinopathy: Degenerative changes to the RETINA due to HYPERTENSION.Retinal DiseasesHypertension, Malignant: A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.Ophthalmoscopy: Examination of the interior of the eye with an ophthalmoscope.Diabetic Retinopathy: Disease of the RETINA as a complication of DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the progressive microvascular complications, such as ANEURYSM, interretinal EDEMA, and intraocular PATHOLOGIC NEOVASCULARIZATION.Fundus Oculi: The concave interior of the eye, consisting of the retina, the choroid, the sclera, the optic disk, and blood vessels, seen by means of the ophthalmoscope. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Retinopathy of Prematurity: A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)Rats, Inbred SHR: A strain of Rattus norvegicus with elevated blood pressure used as a model for studying hypertension and stroke.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Rats, Inbred WKY: A strain of Rattus norvegicus used as a normotensive control for the spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR).Retinal Vessels: The blood vessels which supply and drain the RETINA.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Retinal Neovascularization: Formation of new blood vessels originating from the retinal veins and extending along the inner (vitreal) surface of the retina.Antihypertensive Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.

*  High Blood Pressure and Eye Disease
To prevent hypertensive retinopathy, keep your blood pressure under control by changing your diet, exercising more, and taking ... This eye disease is known as hypertensive retinopathy. The damage can be serious if hypertension is not treated.. A person ... An optometrist can diagnose hypertensive retinopathy. Using an ophthalmoscope, an instrument that projects light to examine the ... typically won't experience symptoms of hypertensive retinopathy; it is usually discovered during a routine eye exam. However, ...
*  Hypertensive retinopathy - Wikipedia
Hypertensive retinopathy is commonly considered a diagnostic feature of a hypertensive emergency although it is not invariably ... Several other diseases can result in retinopathy that can be confused with hypertensive retinopathy. These include diabetic ... Hypertensive retinopathy is damage to the retina and retinal circulation due to high blood pressure (i.e. hypertension). Most ... Mild signs of hypertensive retinopathy can be seen quite frequently in normal people (3-14% of adult individuals aged ≥40 years ...
*  Hypertensive Retinopathy - Eye Disorders - Merck Manuals Professional Edition
Patients with hypertensive retinopathy are at high risk of hypertensive damage to other end organs. ... Hypertensive Retinopathy By Sonia Mehta, MD, Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, Vitreoretinal Diseases and Surgery Service, ... Hypertensive retinopathy is retinal vascular damage caused by hypertension. Signs usually develop late in the disease. ... Hypertensive crisis can cause retinopathy with superficial flame-shaped hemorrhages; small, white, superficial foci of retinal ...
*  Feline Hypertensive Retinopathy
... by Christi Benigni. Fall 2007. Hypertensive retinopathy is a syndrome that commonly affects ... "Hypertensive Retinopathy". Problem-based Feline Medicine. 2006. pg 1282-83. Nelson, W. Richard, C. Guillermo Couto. "Small ... as well as performing an ophthalmic examination is useful in diagnosing hypertensive retinopathy. The normal systolic blood ... A common anti-hypertensive drug prescribed is Amlodipine, which is a calcium-channel blocker that decrease free calcium ion ...
*  Hypertensive Retinopathy - JOMTonline.com
What is Hypertensive Retinopathy?. Hypertensive retinopathy is a condition of retinal vascular changes that occur as a result ... Wiggins Nancy Huynh Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Nikolay Boychev Photography Unknown Pseudoexfoliation Glaucoma Retinopathy of ...
*  Hypertensive Retinopathy Louisville | Vision Loss Florence
How is hypertensive retinopathy treated? Learn more at Bennett & Bloom Eye Centers serving the people of Louisville, Florence, ... Hypertensive Retinopathy. What is hypertensive retinopathy?. Almost one out of every 3 adults in the US have hypertension and ... How is hypertensive retinopathy treated?. The retinal and optic nerve findings will usually resolve within weeks to months of ... How is hypertensive retinopathy diagnosed?. A dilated retinal examination will detect the variable findings of scattered ...
*  ICD-10 Diagnosis Code H35.039 Hypertensive retinopathy, unspecified eye
Short Description: Hypertensive retinopathy, unspecified eye Long Description: Hypertensive retinopathy, unspecified eye This ... 362.11 - Hypertensive retinopathy (approximate) Approximate Flag. The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship ...
*  56 Common Eye Disorders: Pictures, Symptoms, Treatments
Diabetic Retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is damage to the blood vessels of the retina caused by diabetes. It causes blurred ...
*  Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Precedes Other Target-Organ Damage in Primary Aldosteronism | Hypertension
Hypertensive Retinopathy and Renal Involvement. Table 3⇓ shows the hypertensive retinopathy in each group, which was found to ... Hypertensive Retinopathy and Renal Involvement. Hypertensive retinopathy was assessed directly from funduscopy by a single ... In PA patients, LVH preceded hypertensive retinopathy and hypertensive renal involvement.. There is a paucity of information in ... However, hypertensive retinopathy was minimal in PA patients and EH patients without LVH. As shown in Table 2⇑, serum ...
*  Dr. Cassandra Cavazos, OD - Brownsville, TX - Optometry | Healthgrades.com
Hypertensive Retinopathy. *Macular Dystrophy. *Mechanical Strabismus. *Nearsightedness. *Night Blindness. *Nystagmus. *Ocular ...
*  Comparison of Phase-variance Optical Coherence Tomography and Fluorescein Angiography in Retinovascular Imaging - Full Text...
Age-related Macular Degeneration Diabetic Retinopathy Hypertensive Retinopathy Retinal Vein Occlusion Retinal Artery Occlusion ... Diabetic Retinopathy. Retinal Vein Occlusion. Retinal Artery Occlusion. Hypertensive Retinopathy. Retinal Degeneration. Eye ...
*  Malignant Hypertension Workup: Laboratory Studies, Imaging Studies, Electrocardiography and Echocardiography
A hypertensive emergency is a condition in which elevated blood pressure results in target organ damage. The systems primarily ... Hypertensive retinopathy. Note the flame-shaped hemorrhages, soft exudates, and early disc blurring. ... The management of hypertensive crises: a clinical review. Clin Ter. 2009 Mar-Apr. 160(2):151-7. [Medline]. ... Rodriguez MA, Kumar SK, De Caro M. Hypertensive crisis. Cardiol Rev. 2010 Mar-Apr. 18(2):102-7. [Medline]. ...
*  Dr. Dana Ziskrout, OD - Cypress, TX - Optometry & Cornea & Refractive Surgery | Healthgrades.com
Hypertensive Retinopathy. *Keratoconus. *Lazy Eye. *Macular Degeneration. *Nearsightedness. *Pinkeye (Conjunctivitis). * ...
*  Complications of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic retinopathy. Hypertensive retinopathy. Acutely elevated blood pressure leads to vasoconstriction and endothelial ... There are a lot of similarities between hypertensive and diabetic retinopathy, but there are some distinguishing features. ... Diabetic retinopathy. Non-specific therapies. *. Presence of retinopathy is not a contraindication to aspirin therapy for ... Diabetic retinopathy. Annual screening for diabetic retinopathy is cost effective in all patients with type 1 diabetes, insulin ...
*  Eye Care Services at UCSD Shiley Eye Center
Hypertensive Retinopathy *Lattice Degeneration *Macular Degeneration *Macular Hole *Myopia *Plaquenil Maculopathy *Retinal ...
*  IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Relationship between Retinal Vascular Caliber and Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Non...
Walsh, J.B. Hypertensive retinopathy. Description, classification, and prognosis. Ophthalmology 1982, 89, 1127-1131. [Google ... diabetic and hypertensive) had to be excluded from the analysis, as the procedure is known to decrease vessel diameter. These ... our patients were non-diabetic and non-hypertensive. ...
*  Settler's Country Market Condition Center
Hypertensive retinopathy: Thickened, narrowed, or torn blood vessels in the eyes can develop, which may result in vision loss. ... Hypertensive emergency: Hypertensive emergency is a life-threatening form of high blood pressure, also known as malignant or ... Hypertensive emergencies must be treated immediately. Hypertensive emergencies can be caused by a history of kidney disorders, ... Hypertensive nephropathy: Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in the kidneys can develop, leading to the inability of these ...
*  EURETINA Official | Official EURETINA Website | European Society of Retina Specialists
Hypertensive retinopathy is rarely complicated with retinal neovascularization. Treatment with PRP can be undertaken. In our ... Hypertensive retinopathy complicated with bilateral retinal neovascularization- PRP versus intravitreal anti-VEGF treatment. ... To report a case of hypertensive retinopathy with bilateral retinal neovascularization treated with anti-VEGF intravitreal ... Fundus examination showed abnormalities in both eyes compatible with hypertensive retinopathy and extensive areas of ...
*  Can an eye patch help treat central serous retinopathy - Doctor answers
Can an eye patch help treat central serous retinopathy? No. Csr is typically treated with a watch and wait approach. ... Can an eye patch help treat central serous retinopathy - ... the difference between diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy? ... Retinopathy (Definition) Retinopathy is a generic term for any disease process of the retina. ...Read more ... Eye doctor says im at risk for stroke because of hypertensive retinopathy? ...
*  A Study of Foscarnet Plus Ganciclovir in the Treatment of Cytomegalovirus of the Eye in Patients With AIDS Who Have Already...
Evidence of tuberculous, diabetic or hypertensive retinopathy.. *Osteomalacia, neoplasm metastatic to bone or other bone ...
*  Bilateral visual field error - RightDiagnosis.com
Diabetic retinopathy *Hypertensive retinopathy (type of Retinopathy) *Pre-eclampsia *Optic neuritis *Presbyopia *Retinal ... Diabetic retinopathy *Glaucoma *Hypertensive retinopathy *Migraine *Optic neuritis *more causes...» See full list of 13 causes ... Diabetic Retinopathy -- Undiagnosed *more ...» *more undiagnosed conditions...» Detailed list of causes of Bilateral visual ...
*  Retina sensitive - RightDiagnosis.com
Hypertensive retinopathy (type of Retinopathy) *Hard contact lenses *Dry eye *Ocular herpes *more causes...» See full list of 5 ... Hypertensive retinopathy *Ocular herpes *Retinal detachment *more causes...» See full list of 5 causes of Retina sensitive ... Diabetic Retinopathy -- Undiagnosed *more ...» *more undiagnosed conditions...» Detailed list of causes of Retina sensitive. ...
*  SNP (rs1570360) in Transcriptional Factor Binding Sites of the VEGFA Promoter is Associated with Hypertensive Nephropathy and...
... and Diabetic Retinopathy (DR). HN is a common cause of end-stage renal disease or hypertensive kidney disease in the United ... and diabetic retinopathy in a Caucasian population [9]. For the hypertensive nephropathy disease the G-allele frequency changes ... alters the potential TFBS in the promoter which may be associated with the hypertensive nephropathy and diabetic retinopathy ... TFBS has been found to be associated with hypertensive nephropathy [29] and proliferative diabetic retinopathy [30]. In ...

Hypertensive retinopathyPurtscher's retinopathy: Purtscher's retinopathy is a disease where part of the eye (retina) is damaged. Usually associated with severe head injuries, it may also occur with other types of trauma, such as long bone fractures, or with several non-traumatic systemic diseases.Rice diet: The Rice Diet started as a radical treatment for malignant hypertension before the advent of antihypertensive drugs; the original diet included strict dietary restriction and hospitalization for monitoring. Some contemporary versions have been greatly relaxed, and have been described as a fad diets.Scanning laser ophthalmoscopyDiabetic retinopathy: ( )HypertensionFulminateQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Aortic pressure: Central aortic blood pressure (CAP or CASP) is the blood pressure at the root of aorta. Studies have shown the importance of central aortic pressure and its implications in assessing the efficacy of antihypertensive treatment with respect to cardiovascular risk factors.Lidanserin: Lidanserin (INN; ZK-33,839) is a drug which acts as a combined 5-HT2A and α1-adrenergic receptor antagonist. It was developed as an antihypertensive agent but was never marketed.

(1/11) Direct ophthalmoscopy versus detection of hypertensive retinopathy: a comparative study.


(2/11) Dutch guideline for the management of hypertensive crisis -- 2010 revision.

Hypertensive crises are divided into hypertensive urgencies and emergencies. Together they form a heterogeneous group of acute hypertensive disorders depending on the presence or type of target organs involved. Despite better treatment options for hypertension, hypertensive crisis and its associated complications remain relatively common. In the Netherlands the number of patients starting renal replacement therapy because of 'malignant hypertension' has increased in the past two decades. In 2003, the first Dutch guideline on hypertensive crisis was released to allow a standardised evidence-based approach for patients presenting with a hypertensive crisis. In this paper we give an overview of the current management of hypertensive crisis and discuss several important changes incorporated in the 2010 revision. These changes include a modification in terminology replacing 'malignant hypertension' with 'hypertensive crisis with retinopathy and reclassification of hypertensive crisis with retinopathy under hypertensive emergencies instead of urgencies. With regard to the treatment of hypertensive emergencies, nicardipine instead of nitroprusside or labetalol is favoured for the management of perioperative hypertension, whereas labetalol has become the drug of choice for the treatment of hypertension associated with pre-eclampsia. For the treatment of hypertensive urgencies, oral administration of nifedipine retard instead of captopril is recommended as first-line therapy. In addition, a section on the management of hypertensive emergencies according to the type of target organ involved has been added. Efforts to increase the awareness and treatment of hypertension in the population at large may lower the incidence of hypertensive crisis and its complications.  (+info)

(3/11) Hypertension-related eye abnormalities and the risk of stroke.

Many studies have shown that hypertensive ocular funduscopic abnormalities are clearly related to stroke, even after controlling for blood pressure and other vascular risk factors. Retinal abnormalities indicative of a breakdown of the blood-retina barrier confer a greater increase in risk for stroke than sclerotic retinal changes. Similar retinal changes also have a positive relationship to stroke mortality. In addition, hypertensive ocular fundus abnormalities are reported to be associated with an increased risk for cognitive impairment, cerebral atrophy, progression of magnetic resonance imaging-defined white matter lesions, and subclinical infarction. Recent advances in fundus photography allow for improved accuracy and consistency in interpretation of funduscopic lesions, and improve the feasibility of screening for these abnormalities in at-risk patient populations. Evaluating the ocular fundus for signs of hypertensive retinopathy, in combination with an assessment of the presence or absence of other known vascular risk factors, may allow clinicians to further individualize a risk profile for stroke to each individual patient, thus permitting more accurate risk stratification and, potentially, guiding treatment strategies.  (+info)

(4/11) Mild retinopathy is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in Japanese with and without hypertension: the Ibaraki Prefectural Health Study.


(5/11) Microalbuminuria and hypertensive retinopathy among newly diagnosed nondiabetic hypertensive adult Nigerians.


(6/11) Association between retinopathy and cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease (from the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort [CRIC] Study).


(7/11) Retinopathy and chronic kidney disease in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) study.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between retinopathy and chronic kidney disease. METHODS: In this observational, cross-sectional study, 2605 patients of the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) study, a multicenter study of chronic kidney disease, were offered participation. Nonmydriatic fundus photographs of the disc and macula in both eyes were obtained in 1936 of these subjects. The photographs were reviewed in a masked fashion at a central photograph reading center using standard protocols. Presence and severity of retinopathy (diabetic, hypertensive, or other) and vessel diameter caliber were assessed by trained graders and a retinal specialist using protocols developed for large epidemiologic studies. Kidney function measurements and information on traditional and nontraditional risk factors for decreased kidney function were obtained from the CRIC study. RESULTS: Greater severity of retinopathy was associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate after adjustment for traditional and nontraditional risk factors. The presence of vascular abnormalities usually associated with hypertension was also associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate. We found no strong direct relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate and average arteriolar or venular calibers. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show a strong association between severity of retinopathy and its features and level of kidney function after adjustment for traditional and nontraditional risk factors for chronic kidney disease, suggesting that retinovascular pathology reflects renal disease.  (+info)

(8/11) MicroRNAs are involved in end-organ damage during hypertension.


  • symptoms
  • Symptoms are usually not painful and can include: Vitreous hemorrhage Floaters, or small objects that drift through the field of vision Decreased visual acuity "Curtain falling" over eyes The development of retinopathy can be broken down into proliferative and non-proliferative types. (wikipedia.org)
  • acute
  • Other end-organ damage can include acute kidney failure or insufficiency, retinopathy, eclampsia, and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic
  • Genetic mutations are rare causes of certain retinopathies and are usually X-linked including NDP family of genes causing Norrie Disease, FEVR, and Coats disease among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disease
  • The complications of DM are divided into macrovascular (coronary artery disease, stroke and peripheral arterial disease) and microvascular (retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy). (endocrinologyadvisor.com)
  • Central serous retinopathy (CSR), also known as central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC or CSCR), is an eye disease which causes visual impairment, often temporary, usually in one eye. (wikipedia.org)
  • central
  • Spironolactone is a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist that has been proven to help reduce the fluid associated with Central Serous Retinopathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • Many causes of retinopathy may cause both proliferative and non-proliferative types, though some causes are more associated one type. (wikipedia.org)