Hypertensive Retinopathy: Degenerative changes to the RETINA due to HYPERTENSION.Retinal DiseasesHypertension, Malignant: A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.Ophthalmoscopy: Examination of the interior of the eye with an ophthalmoscope.Diabetic Retinopathy: Disease of the RETINA as a complication of DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the progressive microvascular complications, such as ANEURYSM, interretinal EDEMA, and intraocular PATHOLOGIC NEOVASCULARIZATION.Fundus Oculi: The concave interior of the eye, consisting of the retina, the choroid, the sclera, the optic disk, and blood vessels, seen by means of the ophthalmoscope. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Retinopathy of Prematurity: A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)Rats, Inbred SHR: A strain of Rattus norvegicus with elevated blood pressure used as a model for studying hypertension and stroke.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Rats, Inbred WKY: A strain of Rattus norvegicus used as a normotensive control for the spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR).Retinal Vessels: The blood vessels which supply and drain the RETINA.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Retinal Neovascularization: Formation of new blood vessels originating from the retinal veins and extending along the inner (vitreal) surface of the retina.Antihypertensive Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.

*  Dr. Javier De La Torre, MD - El Paso, TX - Ophthalmology | Healthgrades.com

Hypertensive Retinopathy. *Hyphema. *Hypotropia. *Iridocyclitis. *Iritis. *Keratitis. *Keratoconus. *Lazy Eye. *Macular ...

*  PPT - Systemic Disease and the Eye PowerPoint Presentation - ID:4248340

Hypertensive retinopathy *Has been graded 1 to 4 (but not satisfactory!) *Grade 1: arteriolar narrowing and vein concealment ... diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of new cases of blindness in us in patients ages 20 to 74good control of diabetes ... DIABETIC MACULAR OEDEMA AND RELATED SIGHT LOSS AT FIRST SCREENING FOR EYE DISEASE -E the wales diabetic retinopathy screening ...

*  Bethany J Foster

Prevalence and severity of hypertensive retinopathy in children. Bethany J Foster. Division of Nephrology, Department of ... the NHBPEP recommendation for retinal examinations in hypertensive children should be reconsidered... ...

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Eyes: Papilledema, hemorrhages, exudates, and hypertensive retinopathy.. hamster viagra jokes \. Discount viagra india ...

*  Symptoms of Hypertension High Blood Pressure Treatment NYC

This condition, also called hypertensive retinopathy, may cause headaches or visual problems due to the thickening or leaking ... Even if the vessels do not burst, the increased blood pressure in the brain can result in a condition called hypertensive ...

*  Handle Region Peptide Counteracts the Beneficial Effects of the Renin Inhibitor Aliskiren in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats |...

... despite its beneficial effects in diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy. Clearly, a detailed insight into its mechanism of ... The hypertensive effects of HRP on top of aliskiren, combined with the lethal cardiac phenotype of cardiomyocyte-specific ... Beneficial cardiac effects of the renin inhibitor aliskiren in spontaneously hypertensive rats. J Hypertens. 2010;28:2145-2155. ... Handle Region Peptide Counteracts the Beneficial Effects of the Renin Inhibitor Aliskiren in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. ...

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Hypertensive Emergency. *Hypertensive Heart Disease. *Hypertensive Retinopathy. *Iliac Artery. *Invasive Cardiology. * ...

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Hypertensive Emergency. *Hypertensive Heart Disease. *Hypertensive Retinopathy. *Iliac Artery. *Invasive Cardiology. * ...

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Hypertensive Emergency. *Hypertensive Heart Disease. *Hypertensive Retinopathy. *Immuoglobulins. *Iron Test. *Iron Therapy ...

*  Hypertensive retinopathy

Name = Hypertensive retinopathy. }} 'Hypertensive retinopathy' is damage to the retina and retinal circulation due to high blood pressure i.e. Pathophysiology Symptoms Signs Keith Wagener Barker KWB Grades Differential Diagnoses Treatment and management See also References Further reading. The changes in hypertensive retinopathy result from damage and adaptive changes in the arterial and arteriolar circulation in response to the high blood pressure. Arteriolar changes, such as generalized arteriolar narrowing, focal arteriolar narrowing, arteriovenous nicking, changes in the arteriolar wall arteriosclerosis and abnormalities at points where arterioles and venules cross. Manifestations of these changes include 'Copper wire arterioles' where the central light reflex occupies most of the width of the arteriole and 'Silver wire arterioles' where the central light reflex occupies all of the width of the ...

*  Hypertensive crisis

... Hypertensive emergency. Severely elevated blood pressure equal to or greater than a systolic 180 or diastolic of 110—sometimes termed malignant or accelerated hypertension is referred to as a "hypertensive crisis", as blood pressure at this level confers a high risk of complications. People with blood pressures in this range may have no symptoms, but are more likely to report headaches 22% of cases. and dizziness than the general population. 2 Other symptoms accompanying a hypertensive crisis may include visual deterioration due to retinopathy, breathlessness due to heart failure, or a general feeling of malaise due to kidney failure. 3 Most people with a hypertensive crisis are known to have elevated blood pressure, but additional triggers may have led to a sudden rise. 4 A " hypertensive emergency " is diagnosed when there is evidence of direct damage to one or more organs as a result of severely ...

*  Complications of hypertension

... 1 Hypertension is a risk factor for all clinical manifestations of atherosclerosis since it is a risk factor for atherosclerosis itself. Complications affecting the heart Complications affecting the brain Complications affecting the eye Complications affecting the kidneys Complications associated to diabetes and hypertension Treatment for diabetic patients with hypertension. Complications affecting the heart. Left ventricular hypertrophy. Individuals with left ventricular hypertrophy are at increased risk for, stroke,. Aggressive control of hypertension can regress or reverse left ventricular hypertrophy and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Diastolic dysfunction is an early consequence of hypertension-related heart disease and is exacerbated by left ventricular hypertrophy and ischemia. Complications affecting the brain. Hypertension is an important risk factor for brain infarction and hemorrhage. Hypertensive retinopathy. Image: Hypertensive ...

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Results Case 1: A 50 year-old male with untreated hypertension presented with six-weeks of headache, nausea and vomiting and one-week of progressive bilateral vision loss, confusion, increasing lower extremity weakness and urinary incontinence. The patient's initial blood pressure was 180/110 and his pertinent positive exam included papilledema, hypertensive retinopathy and bilateral lower extremity weakness. Case 2: A 25 year-old male with untreated hypertension secondary to membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis presented with two weeks of headache and progressive vision loss in left eye. His initial blood pressure was 225/160 and he had decreased vision in left eye and bilateral hypertensive retinopathy. Ophthalmologic exam revealed flame exudates and cotton wool spots. This patient had no cord-related symptoms. Both patients had abnormal T2 hyperintensity at the cervicomedullary junction on initial brain MRI and characteristic PRES ...

*  AV nicking

... px thumb hypertensive retinopathy with av nicking and mild vascular tortuosity av or arteriovenous nicking also known as arteriovenous nipping in the uk is the phenomenon where on examination of the eye a small artery arteriole is seen crossing a small vein venule which results in the compression of the vein with bulging on either side of the crossing this is most commonly seen in eye disease caused by high blood pressure hypertensive retinopathy it is thought that since the arteriole and venule share a common sheath the arteriole s thicker walls push against those of the venule forcing the venule to collapse this makes the venule form an hourglass shape around the arteriole other theories suggest that this results not from compression from the arteriole but from sclerotic thickening or glial cell proliferation at the site where the two vessels cross references category medical signs

*  Hypertensive urgency

... a hypertensive urgency is a clinical situation in which blood pressure should be lowered within to hours in contrast to a hypertensive emergency where blood pressure must be lowered immediately and carefully to prevent or limit end organ damage examples of hypertensive urgencies are accelerated hypertension marked hypertension associated with congestive heart failure stable angina pectoris transient ischemic attack s perioperative hypertension references category hypertension

*  Hypertension fundus

... redirect hypertensive retinopathy

*  High Blood Pressure and Eye Disease

Along with causing heart and kidney problems, untreated high blood pressure can also affect your eyesight and lead to eye disease. Hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the area at the back of the eye where images focus. This eye disease is known as hypertensive retinopathy. The damage can be serious if hypertension is not treated ...

*  Blurred vision---Cleard by closing left Eye!! - Eye conditions - Condition | Our Health

I have this problem from untreated high blood pressure. My regular doctor (an internist) says I did not have a mini-stroke, although an opthamologist says maybe. I have immediately went on a weight reuduction program and have been taking hypertension medicine for about one week and my blood pressure is coming down. Is there a chance the reduction in blood pressure on the optic nerve can restire the vision I have lost? My internist says yes. Any idea on how to cope with blurring from the eye? Is an eye patch a good idea? Thanks for your help. I have become very depressed over this. What you are describing is highly suspicious for Hypertensive Retinopathy. You need to do this- and right away. Your vision can most likely be saved but you can't play around. You need a dialated eye exam. High blood pressure causes tiny leaks in your retinas and will eventually destroy your vision if it goes untreated. The only way those leaks can be found is with a thorough eye exam that includes ...

*  Anton Elschnig

... thumb anton elschnig in anton elschnig august was an ophthalmologist born in leibnitz austria in he earned his medical doctorate and later worked as an assistant at ophthalmology clinics in graz and vienna in he received his habilitation at the university of graz and from to was a full professor and head of the university of prague eye clinic he is best known for performing corneal transplants in the early days of keratoplasty being credited with developing a method introduced by eugen von hippel bibliography elschnig described this surgical procedure in the archives of ophthalmology he was the publisher of the second and third editions of the graefe saemisch handbuch der gesamten augenheilkunde eponymous ophthalmic terms elschnig s conjunctivitis conjunctivitis associated with hyperplasia of the tarsal gland elschnig s pearls pearl like clusters formed by growth of epithelial cells on the lens capsule in secondary cataract formation elschnig s spots phenomena of black flecks surrounded by yellow or red ...

*  Salus's sign

salus s sign salus s sign salus s sign is a clinical sign in which deflection of retinal venule s can be seen on fundoscopy occurring in patients with hypertensive retinopathy at medscape arteriosclerosis causes shortening or lengthening of arteriole s which causes venules to be moved at points where arterioles and venules cross over this is seen at right angle crossing points where the venule crosses the arteriole in a horseshoe shape sebastian wolf berndt kirchof martin reim the ocular fundus page thieme isbn the sign is named after robert salus references category medical signs

*  Pharmacist Rounds: Hypertensive Crisis in the Health System

|p|Understanding the difference between hypertensive urgency and hypertensive emergency is essential to initiating patient appropriate treatment in a timely. This article reviews targeted therapies for both.|/p|

Hypertensive retinopathyPurtscher's retinopathy: Purtscher's retinopathy is a disease where part of the eye (retina) is damaged. Usually associated with severe head injuries, it may also occur with other types of trauma, such as long bone fractures, or with several non-traumatic systemic diseases.Rice diet: The Rice Diet started as a radical treatment for malignant hypertension before the advent of antihypertensive drugs; the original diet included strict dietary restriction and hospitalization for monitoring. Some contemporary versions have been greatly relaxed, and have been described as a fad diets.Scanning laser ophthalmoscopyDiabetic retinopathy: ( )HypertensionFulminateQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Aortic pressure: Central aortic blood pressure (CAP or CASP) is the blood pressure at the root of aorta. Studies have shown the importance of central aortic pressure and its implications in assessing the efficacy of antihypertensive treatment with respect to cardiovascular risk factors.Lidanserin: Lidanserin (INN; ZK-33,839) is a drug which acts as a combined 5-HT2A and α1-adrenergic receptor antagonist. It was developed as an antihypertensive agent but was never marketed.

(1/11) Direct ophthalmoscopy versus detection of hypertensive retinopathy: a comparative study.


(2/11) Dutch guideline for the management of hypertensive crisis -- 2010 revision.

Hypertensive crises are divided into hypertensive urgencies and emergencies. Together they form a heterogeneous group of acute hypertensive disorders depending on the presence or type of target organs involved. Despite better treatment options for hypertension, hypertensive crisis and its associated complications remain relatively common. In the Netherlands the number of patients starting renal replacement therapy because of 'malignant hypertension' has increased in the past two decades. In 2003, the first Dutch guideline on hypertensive crisis was released to allow a standardised evidence-based approach for patients presenting with a hypertensive crisis. In this paper we give an overview of the current management of hypertensive crisis and discuss several important changes incorporated in the 2010 revision. These changes include a modification in terminology replacing 'malignant hypertension' with 'hypertensive crisis with retinopathy and reclassification of hypertensive crisis with retinopathy under hypertensive emergencies instead of urgencies. With regard to the treatment of hypertensive emergencies, nicardipine instead of nitroprusside or labetalol is favoured for the management of perioperative hypertension, whereas labetalol has become the drug of choice for the treatment of hypertension associated with pre-eclampsia. For the treatment of hypertensive urgencies, oral administration of nifedipine retard instead of captopril is recommended as first-line therapy. In addition, a section on the management of hypertensive emergencies according to the type of target organ involved has been added. Efforts to increase the awareness and treatment of hypertension in the population at large may lower the incidence of hypertensive crisis and its complications.  (+info)

(3/11) Hypertension-related eye abnormalities and the risk of stroke.

Many studies have shown that hypertensive ocular funduscopic abnormalities are clearly related to stroke, even after controlling for blood pressure and other vascular risk factors. Retinal abnormalities indicative of a breakdown of the blood-retina barrier confer a greater increase in risk for stroke than sclerotic retinal changes. Similar retinal changes also have a positive relationship to stroke mortality. In addition, hypertensive ocular fundus abnormalities are reported to be associated with an increased risk for cognitive impairment, cerebral atrophy, progression of magnetic resonance imaging-defined white matter lesions, and subclinical infarction. Recent advances in fundus photography allow for improved accuracy and consistency in interpretation of funduscopic lesions, and improve the feasibility of screening for these abnormalities in at-risk patient populations. Evaluating the ocular fundus for signs of hypertensive retinopathy, in combination with an assessment of the presence or absence of other known vascular risk factors, may allow clinicians to further individualize a risk profile for stroke to each individual patient, thus permitting more accurate risk stratification and, potentially, guiding treatment strategies.  (+info)

(4/11) Mild retinopathy is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in Japanese with and without hypertension: the Ibaraki Prefectural Health Study.


(5/11) Microalbuminuria and hypertensive retinopathy among newly diagnosed nondiabetic hypertensive adult Nigerians.


(6/11) Association between retinopathy and cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease (from the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort [CRIC] Study).


(7/11) Retinopathy and chronic kidney disease in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) study.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between retinopathy and chronic kidney disease. METHODS: In this observational, cross-sectional study, 2605 patients of the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) study, a multicenter study of chronic kidney disease, were offered participation. Nonmydriatic fundus photographs of the disc and macula in both eyes were obtained in 1936 of these subjects. The photographs were reviewed in a masked fashion at a central photograph reading center using standard protocols. Presence and severity of retinopathy (diabetic, hypertensive, or other) and vessel diameter caliber were assessed by trained graders and a retinal specialist using protocols developed for large epidemiologic studies. Kidney function measurements and information on traditional and nontraditional risk factors for decreased kidney function were obtained from the CRIC study. RESULTS: Greater severity of retinopathy was associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate after adjustment for traditional and nontraditional risk factors. The presence of vascular abnormalities usually associated with hypertension was also associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate. We found no strong direct relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate and average arteriolar or venular calibers. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show a strong association between severity of retinopathy and its features and level of kidney function after adjustment for traditional and nontraditional risk factors for chronic kidney disease, suggesting that retinovascular pathology reflects renal disease.  (+info)

(8/11) MicroRNAs are involved in end-organ damage during hypertension.



  • Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of Diabetes that occurs inside the eye which results from damages to the blood vessels of the eye caused by rise and fluctuation of blood sugar levels. (optimusvisioncare.com)
  • A simple integrated primary health care based model for detection of diabetic retinopathy in resource-limited settings in Pakistani population. (pakmedinet.com)


  • 8. Entitlement to service connection for ocular hypertension with mild hypertensive retinopathy, glaucoma, and cataracts of the left eye (a left eye disability). (va.gov)


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  • This condition, also called hypertensive retinopathy, may cause headaches or visual problems due to the thickening or leaking of the blood vessels in the eye. (patientsmedical.com)