Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.Torture: The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.War Crimes: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Patient Rights: Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Bioethical Issues: Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.Social Control Policies: Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Professional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.El SalvadorInternationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Heart Atria: The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Ethical Relativism: The philosophical view that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed)Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Theft: Unlawful act of taking property.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Social Problems: Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.Myanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Capitalism: A political and economic system characterized by individual rights, by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Ventricular Function, Right: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the right HEART VENTRICLE.Criminal Law: A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Coercion: The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.Feminism: The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Namibia: A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.Ventricular Dysfunction, Right: A condition in which the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION, and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the right ventricular wall.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Child Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Social Determinants of Health: The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics (http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/).Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Patient Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.Ethics: The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Denial (Psychology): Refusal to admit the truth or reality of a situation or experience.Drugs, Essential: Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Security Measures: Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.Refugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Jurisprudence: The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.Control Groups: Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Circumcision, Female: A general term encompassing three types of excision of the external female genitalia - Sunna, clitoridectomy, and infibulation. It is associated with severe health risks and has been declared illegal in many places, but continues to be widely practiced in a number of countries, particularly in Africa.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Dissent and Disputes: Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.International Agencies: International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Mandatory Programs: Programs in which participation is required.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Bioethics: A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Commitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.Transgendered Persons: Persons having a sense of persistent identification with, and expression of, gender-coded behaviors not typically associated with one's anatomical sex at birth, and with or without a desire to undergo SEX REASSIGNMENT PROCEDURES.Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Human Experimentation: The use of humans as investigational subjects.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Documentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.

*  New path in The Hague is a reminder of Indonesia's shame | Human Rights Watch

... he did more than honour the slain Indonesian human rights defender Munir Thalib, writes Andreas Harsono of Human Rights Watch. ... Protecting Rights, Saving Lives. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses ... he did more than honour the slain Indonesian human rights defender Munir Thalib, writes Andreas Harsono of Human Rights Watch. ... Get updates on human rights issues from around the globe. Join our movement today. ...
https://hrw.org/news/2015/05/06/new-path-hague-reminder-indonesias-shame

*  Addressing human rights | Nokia

We have a responsibility to ensure they are not used to limit or infringe on human rights. ... In 2016 we published our updated Human Rights Policy and complimented it further with a public Q&A document. We continue to ... Furthermore, we intensified the implementation of extensive risk assessment and human rights due diligence as an integral part ... We have a responsibility to ensure they are not used to limit or infringe on human rights. ...
https://nokia.com/en_int/about-us/sustainability/conducting-our-business-with-integrity/addressing-human-rights

*  WHO | Strategies toward ending preventable maternal mortality (EPMM)

FEBRUARY 2015 - The EPMM targets and strategies are grounded in a human rights approach to maternal and newborn health, and ...
who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/maternal_perinatal/epmm/en/

*  About | Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch Names New Board Co-chairs. Two prominent human rights advocates have lead the international board of Human ... Meet the investigators behind Human Rights Watch's work.. MISSION STATEMENT. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people ... Each year, Human Rights Watch publishes more than 100 reports and briefings on human rights conditions in some 90 countries, ... Human Rights Watch is a nonprofit, nongovernmental human rights organization made up of roughly 400 staff members around the ...
https://hrw.org/about

*  Human Rights Day, 10 December

This year's slogan, Human Rights 365, encompasses the idea that every day is Human Rights Day. It celebrates the fundamental ... at all times is entitled to the full range of human rights, that human rights belong equally to each of us and bind us together ... "I call on States to honour their obligation to protect human rights every day of the year. I call on people to hold their ... The UN General Assembly proclaimed 10 December as Human Rights Day in 1950, to bring to the attention 'of the peoples of the ...
un.org/en/events/humanrightsday/2014/index.shtml

*  OHCHR | Fellowship NHRI Staff

The Fellow will also receive periodic briefings on the human rights system and relevant thematic issues. These briefings will ... Through this experience the Fellow will gain knowledge and working level experience with the United Nations human rights system ... contributing to the mainstreaming of the work regarding national human rights institutions including support for United Nations ... the Human Rights Council, the Universal Periodic Review and Special Procedures), OHCHR's work with and for NHRIs, and technical ...
ohchr.org/EN/AboutUs/Pages/FellowshipNHRIStaff.aspx

*  Right Approach in ChemoPrevention Studies?

The decision to embark on an RCT usually relies on preliminary data from human association studies supported by biological data ... In studies involving an intervention that is easily accessible to populations or that modulates human behavior (e.g. diet ... Are We Taking the Right Approach in Planning Chemoprevention Studies?. Gad Rennert. Evidence gained in randomized controlled ...
s672529981.onlinehome.us/archives/rwetariapinc.html

*  Wòch nan soley: The denial of the right to water in Haiti | Health and Human Rights Journal

... the right to housing, and the right to education.117 These rights have been enshrined in both UN and regional human rights ... All human rights, whether they are civil and political rights (such as the rights to life, equality before the law, and freedom ... Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Article 3 (right to life) and Article 25(1) (right to adequate standard of living). ... See European Court of Human Rights, Loizidou v. Turkey, 20 Eur. H.R. Rep. 99, 139 (1995); European Court of Human Rights, Issa ...
https://hhrjournal.org/2013/09/woch-nan-soley-the-denial-of-the-right-to-water-in-haiti/

*  OHCHR | Global Challenges to Human Rights

And that is why we must uphold human rights.. Centuries of human folly and suffering paved the evolution of human rights. And ... Global Challenges to Human Rights Speech by Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, delivered at Johns ... Today, I see people the world over standing up to defend and uphold the human rights including the right to health. But they ... to become human rights brawlers, seeking to secure what rights we do not yet have, and protect those we already enjoy. We ...
ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=21499&LangID=E

*  Citizens Commission on Human Rights Expands its Activities to Expose and Handle Psychiatric Abuse in Clearwater, Tampa Bay via...

... the Church of Scientology cut the ribbon on a new Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR) Florida center in downtown ... United for Human Rights Youth for Human Rights Citizens Commission on Human Rights ... A new home for United for Human Rights, a global education initiative working to identify and protect the rights of every ... CITIZENS COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS. EXPANDS ITS ACTIVITIES TO EXPOSE AND HANDLE. PSYCHIATRIC ABUSE IN CLEARWATER, TAMPA. BAY ...
scientology.org.uk/scientology-today/clearwater-citizens-commission-on-human-rights-center-opening.html

*  Human rights

... everything you need for studying or teaching Human rights. ... Immediately download the Human rights summary, chapter-by- ... Human Rights At first glance human rights might seem to have little relevance for science, but this is not the case. Science is ... The basic human rights of specific groups in some nations have been denied. Those human rights were violated officially through ... Human Rights In the twentieth century the international community embraced human rights as a way to promote justice for ...
bookrags.com/Human_rights/

*  Sex Determination Test and Human Rights de Sapna Rathi: Deep and Deep 9788184504019 - Vedams eBooks (P) Ltd

... in this regardThe second chapter is devoted to discuss at length the concept of human rights The origin of human right has been ... Contents Preface Acknowledgements 1 Introduction 2 Human rights 3 Sex determination test 4 Sex determination test and abortions ... traced from primitive era and chronological developments have been explained It also discusses the notion of human rights in ... and suggestions Bibliography IndexThis book examines the impact of the development of Science and Technology on Human Rights ...
https://iberlibro.com/Sex-Determination-Test-Human-Rights-Sapna/7577936654/bd

*  Rights-Based Maternal Health

Comprehensive Rights-Based Maternity Care. Woman-centered maternity care must prioritize women and girls' basic human rights. ... International Day for Maternal Health and Rights. Join the global community in celebrating every woman's right to dignity, ... Report Summary: The Right To Safe Motherhood. This report examines the causes of maternal death and disability, the obstacles ... Rights-Based Maternal Health Topics. Integrating Maternal Health within Sexual and Reproductive Health Services. Linking ...
genderhealth.org/the_issues/maternal_health/

*  World Summit on Sustainable Development - 8th Plenary Meeting - 29 August 2002

Turning to human rights and the environment, she said Agenda 21 did not contain many explicit references to human rights, nor ... MARY ROBINSON, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, recalled that the 1993 Vienna Conference on Human Rights was ... social and cultural rights were individual human rights to be given equal weight to civil and political rights, and that both ... human rights into the Millennium Development Goals, she said. That could be best achieved through the drafting of human rights ...
un.org/events/wssd/summaries/envdevj9.htm

*  Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

The government did not prevent international human rights organizations from observing human rights-related court cases. ... Access to the courts is open, and citizens and residents have the right to sue for infringement of human rights. There were ... Section 7. Worker Rights Share a. Freedom of Association and the Right to Collective Bargaining. The constitution provides all ... The following human rights problems also were reported: mandated caning as an allowable punishment for some crimes, ...
https://state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2011/eap/186306.htm

*  Burma: Promises of Change, But Abuses Continue | Human Rights Watch

... but failed to seriously address the still dire human rights situation in the country, Human Rights Watch said today in its ... However, Human Rights Watch said that changes and welcome switch in rhetoric did not address ongoing, serious human rights ... Protecting Rights, Saving Lives. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses ... In the 676-page World Report 2012, Human Rights Watch assessed progress on human rights during the past year in more than 90 ...
https://hrw.org/news/2012/01/23/burma-promises-change-abuses-continue

*  Impact | Human Rights Watch

Protecting Rights, Saving Lives. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses ... Human Rights Watch documents right abuses around the world with the ultimate goal of ending them and bringing the perpetrators ... Human Rights Watch , 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor , New York, NY 10118-3299 USA , t 1.212.290.4700 ... but each is a step forward in the pursuit of justice and promotion of human rights. Here we document developments that mark ...
https://hrw.org/zh-hans/impact

*  Biology-Online • View topic - The Fiber Disease

In a debriefing of the US-funded Peruvian National Coordinator for Human Rights ('La Coordinadora') about their 1993 Annual ... Local and international human rights groups say the AUC, which is responsible for most of the peasant massacres and other ... right? And.....I saw your link and mention of checkens and the bird flu above. Funny, butr I got some things that popped up ... All related to amino acids, right? I am sorry if I put it out there like this, I will try in the future, to narrow it down, but ...
biology-online.org/biology-forum/about1958.html?p=47658&hilit=Wild ginger

*  Physicians for Human Rights - Congress Passes Measure Banning the CIA's "Enhanced" Interrogation Techniques

Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) praises yesterday's historic passage by the US Senate of a bill that extends the standards of ... Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) praised yesterday's historic passage by the US Senate of a bill that extends the standards of ... Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) is a New York-based advocacy organization that uses science and medicine to prevent mass ... Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) 2017. 256 W 38th Street, 9th Floor, New York, NY 10018 // Tel 646.564.3720 // Fax 646.564. ...
physiciansforhumanrights.org/press/press-releases/news-2008-02-14.html

*  Abortion Facts - Women on Waves

15- Preventable maternal mortality and morbidity and human rights. Human Rights Council Eleventh Session Resolution 11/8 http ... The right to health has been recognized in numerous international human rights treaties, such as: the Universal Declaration of ... Human right to safe Abortion care. As early as 1967 the World Health Assembly identified unsafe abortion as a serious public ... The facts are are often gruesome and always humiliating violations of human rights. ...
https://womenonwaves.org/bn/page/515/abortion-facts

*  WHO | Human Rights Council holds panel discussion on human rights mainstreaming and international cooperation

... but human rights had been an integral part of human development for nearly 20 years. Integrating human rights into development ... Human Rights Council holds panel discussion on human rights mainstreaming and international cooperation 28 FEBRUARY 2012 , ... The Human Rights Council held a panel discussion on human rights mainstreaming and international cooperation. ... but had actively advocated for human rights through their mandated work. For United Nations country teams, human rights were no ...
who.int/pmnch/media/news/2012/20120228_human_rights_council/en/

*  WHO | Advancing the sexual and reproductive health and human rights of people living with HIV

Advancing the sexual and reproductive health and human rights of people living with HIV. Guidance package. ... This Guidance Package is intended to help anyone concerned with public health and human rights - whether as a health ... Attention to sexual and reproductive health and rights is also key to slowing the spread of the epidemic by preventing new ... It shows that greater attention to sexual and reproductive health and rights is critical to the wellbeing of people living with ...
who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/linkages/9789490241018/en/

*  Rights Defender Recounts Incarceration in Psychiatric Hospital | Human Rights in China 中国人权 | HRIC

Human Rights Council Human rights updates Ideological Contest Illegal Search And Detention Inciting Subversion Of State Power ... International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) International Human Rights International Relations International ... "Timeline: Human Rights Defenders (April - May 2009)," China Rights Forum, 2009, no. 2 ... Business And Human Rights Censorship Children Chinese Law Citizen Activism Citizen Journalists Citizen Participation Civil ...
hrichina.org/en/content/5769

*  Human rights

The European Parliament is a fierce defender of human rights. Check the infographic to get an overview of what Parliament does ... in the fight for democracy, freedom of speech, fair elections and the rights of the oppressed. ...
europarl.europa.eu/aboutparliament/en/20150201PVL00015/human-rights

*  Human Rights Iraq | HuffPost

New UN Human Rights Chief Warns Of A 'House Of Blood' In Iraq And Syria ...
huffingtonpost.com/topic/human-rights-iraq

British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal: The British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal is a quasi-judicial human rights body in British Columbia, Canada. It was established under the British Columbia Human Rights Code.Human rights abuses in the Vietnamese cashew industry: Vietnam is known as the world's largest cashew nut exporter with 37 per cent sharehttp://business.timesonline.Program for Torture VictimsRamush HaradinajUniversal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition: The Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition was adopted by governments attending the 1974 World Food Conference. In it, states recognised that it is the common purpose of all nations to eliminate hunger and malnutrition.Lucretia MottInjustice SocietyInternational Network of Prison Ministries: The International Network of Prison Ministries (INPM) is a Dallas, Texas based crime prevention and rehabilitation trans-national organization. INPM functions through a website that serves as a clearinghouse for information about various Christian prison ministries.Regulation of science: The regulation of science refers to use of law, or other ruling, by academic or governmental bodies to allow or restrict science from performing certain practices, or researching certain scientific areas. It is a bioethical issue related to other practices such as abortion and euthanasia; and areas of research such as stem-cell research and cloning synthetic biology.Mr. Bartender (It's So Easy): "Mr. Bartender (It's So Easy)" is a song by American rock band Sugar Ray.Hoya Corporation: TOPIX 100 ComponentWhitehall Study: The original Whitehall Study investigated social determinants of health, specifically the cardiovascular disease prevalence and mortality rates among British male civil servants between the ages of 20 and 64. The initial prospective cohort study, the Whitehall I Study, examined over 18,000 male civil servants, and was conducted over a period of ten years, beginning in 1967.Illegal drug trade in El Salvador: Illegal drug trade in El Salvador has included, according to some sources, trans-shipping of cocaine by the Nicaraguan Contras.Criticisms of globalization: Criticism of globalization is skepticism of the claimed benefits of globalization. Many of these views are held by the anti-globalization movement.Left atrial enlargement: Left atrial enlargement (LAE) or left atrial dilation refers to enlargement of the left atrium (LA) of the heart, and is a form of cardiomegaly.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Oil imperialism theories: Oil imperialism theories assert that direct and indirect control of world petroleum reserves is a root factor in current international politics.Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.Metal theft: Metal theft is "the theft of items for the value of their constituent metals". It usually increases when worldwide prices for scrap metal rise, as has happened dramatically due to rapid industrialization in India and China.List of hospitals in Mandalay: This is a list of hospitals in Mandalay, Myanmar.Erga omnes: Erga omnes is a Latin phrase which means "towards all" or "towards everyone". In legal terminology, erga omnes rights or obligations are owed toward all.A Thousand PlateausMBF BioscienceCivil Rights Restoration Act of 1987: The Civil Rights Restoration Act was a U.S.Criminal justice system of the Netherlands: The criminal justice system of the Netherlands is the system of practices and institutions of the Netherlands directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, and sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. The Netherlands criminal code is based on the Napoleonic Code, imposed during the time of the French Empire.Mark Siegler: Mark Siegler (born June 20, 1941) is an American physician who specializes in internal medicine. He is the Lindy Bergman Distinguished Service Professor of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Chicago.Reproductive coercion: Reproductive coercion (also called coerced reproduction) are threats or acts of violence against a partner's reproductive health or reproductive decision-making and is a collection of behaviors intended to pressure or coerce a partner into becoming a parent or ending a pregnancy. Reproductive coercion is a form of domestic violence, also known as intimate partner violence, where behavior concerning reproductive health is used to maintain power, control, and domination within a relationship and over a partner through an unwanted pregnancy.Elaine ShowalterNamibia–Russia relations: Namibia–Russia relations refers to the bilateral relationship between Namibia and Russia. Namibia has an embassy in Moscow and Russia has an embassy in Windhoek.Shared parenting: Shared parenting refers to a collaborative arrangement in child custody or divorce determinations in which both parents have the right and responsibility of being actively involved in the raising of the child(ren). The term is often used as a synonym for joint physical custody, but the exact definitions vary, with different jurisdictions defining it in different ways, and different sources using the term in different ways.Child Rights Taskforce – AustraliaList of military conflicts spanning multiple wars: Early histories of a war typically describe the war as it was declared by the states involved. It is not uncommon for later historians to group together a series of wars over a long period or spread over several theaters as part of a broader conflict or strategic campaign.Social determinants of health in poverty: The social determinants of health in poverty describe the factors that affect impoverished populations’ health and health inequality. Inequalities in health stem from the conditions of people's lives, including living conditions, work environment, age, and other social factors, and how these affect people's ability to respond to illness.Patient advocacyFelony murder rule (Florida): In the state of Florida, the common law felony murder rule has been codified in Florida Revised Statutes § 782.04.The Denial of Death: The Denial of Death is a 1973 work of psychology and philosophy by Ernest Becker.* It was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction in 1974, two months after the author's death.List of drugsPride and Prejudice and Zombies: Dawn of the Dreadfuls: Pride and Prejudice and Zombies: Dawn of the Dreadfuls (2010) is a parody novel by Steve Hockensmith. It is a prequel to Seth Grahame-Smith's 2009 novel Pride and Prejudice and Zombies, focusing on "the early life and training of Elizabeth Bennet, heroine of the earlier Pride and Prejudice and Zombies as she strove to become a gifted zombie hunter, with some mishaps in her early romantic encounters also included.Global Health Security Initiative: The Global Health Security Initiative (GHSI) is an international partnership between countries in order to supplement and strengthen their preparedness to respond to threats of biological, chemical, radio-nuclear terrorism (CBRN) and pandemic influenza.Al-Waleed (camp): Al-Waleed () is a makeshift Palestinian refugee camp in Iraq, near the border with Syria and the al-Tanf Crossing, and not far from the border with Jordan. It was set up in 2006 by Palestinian refugees stranded at the Iraqi-Syrian border The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has two field staff stationed in the camp.Islamic sexual hygienical jurisprudence: Islamic sexual hygienical jurisprudence is a prominent topic in Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) due to its everyday nature.Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1993: The Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1993 (c 50) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.Day One (TV news series): Day One is a television news magazine produced by ABC News from 1993 to 1995, hosted by Forrest Sawyer and Diane Sawyer.Health policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Never Come UndoneAnti-abortion violence: Anti-abortion violence is violence committed against individuals and organizations that provide abortion. Incidents of violence have included destruction of property, in the form of vandalism; crimes against people, including kidnapping, stalking, assault, attempted murder, and murder; and crimes affecting both people and property, including arson and bombings.Timeline of the nuclear program of Iran: This is the timeline of the nuclear program of Iran.International Law Enforcement Academy: International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEAs) are international police academies administered by the U.S.Inverse benefit law: The inverse benefit law states that the more a new drug is marketed, the worse it is for patients. More precisely, the ratio of benefits to harms among patients taking new drugs tends to vary inversely with how extensively a drug is marketed.Social history of England: The social history of England evidences many social changes the centuries. These major social changes have affected England both internally and in its relationship with other nations.HIV/AIDS in South African townships: South Africa’s HIV/AIDS epidemic, which is among the most severe in the world, is concentrated in its townships, where many black South Africans live due to the lingering effects of the Group Areas Act. A 2010 study revealed that HIV/AIDS infection in South Africa is distinctly divided along racial lines: 13.University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics: The University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, or JCB, is an academic research centre located on the downtown campus of the University of Toronto in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The Joint Centre for Bioethics is a partnership between the University and 15 affiliated health care organizations in the Greater Toronto Area.Friendship (NGO): Friendship is a French - Bangladeshi non-governmental organization that works with poor and marginalized communities in Bangladesh in remote chars and riverbanks in the North, poorer areas in Northeast, cyclone-prone areas in the South and most recently the hard-to-reach indigenous communities in the coastal belt of the country. It was established in Bangladesh in 2002 to provide basic services to the highly suffering inaccessible areas from climate changes impact.Involuntary commitment: Involuntary commitment or civil commitment is a legal process through which an individual with symptoms of severe mental illness is court-ordered into treatment in a psychiatric hospital (inpatient) or in the community (outpatient).Katherine Gillespie Sells: Katherine 'Kath' Gillespie Sells is a psychotherapist, writer, disability rights campaigner and LGBT rights campaigner from the United Kingdom. She founded REGARD, a national, volunteer run organisation of disabled lesbians, gay men, bisexuals and transgender people.Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force: The Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force (HKAPF, ) is established in 1914 as the Police Reserve unit, provides additional manpower to the Hong Kong Police Force, especially during emergencies and other incidents.Human subject research legislation in the United States: Human subject research legislation in the United States can be traced to the early 20th century. Human subject research in the United States was mostly unregulated until the 20th century, as it was throughout the world, until the establishment of various governmental and professional regulations and codes of ethics.Point of care: Clinical point of care is when clinicians deliver healthcare products and services to patients at the time of care.Information at the Point of Care: Answering Clinical Questions.

(1/434) The health impact of economic sanctions.

Embargoes and sanctions are tools of foreign policy. They can induce a decline in economic activity in addition to reducing imports and untoward health effects can supervene, especially among older persons and those with chronic illnesses. Often, violations of the rights of life, health, social services, and protection of human dignity occur among innocent civilians in embargoed nations. This paper examines the effects of embargoes and sanctions against several nations, and calls for studies to determine ways in which economic warfare might be guided by the rule of humanitarian international law, to reduce the effects on civilians. It suggests that the ability to trade in exempted goods and services should be improved, perhaps by establishing uniform criteria and definitions for exemptions, operational criteria under which sanctions committees might function, and methods for monitoring the impact of sanctions on civilian populations in targeted states, particularly with regard to water purity, food availability, and infectious-disease control. Prospective studies are advocated, to generate the data needed to provide better information and monitoring capacity than presently exists.  (+info)

(2/434) Cloning, killing, and identity.

One potentially valuable use of cloning is to provide a source of tissues or organs for transplantation. The most important objection to this use of cloning is that a human clone would be the sort of entity that it would be seriously wrong to kill. I argue that entities of the sort that you and I essentially are do not begin to exist until around the seventh month of fetal gestation. Therefore to kill a clone prior to that would not be to kill someone like you or me but would be only to prevent one of us from existing. And even after one of us begins to exist, the objections to killing it remain comparatively weak until its psychological capacities reach a certain level of maturation. These claims support the permissibility of killing a clone during the early stages of its development in order to use its organs for transplantation.  (+info)

(3/434) Should we clone human beings? Cloning as a source of tissue for transplantation.

The most publicly justifiable application of human cloning, if there is one at all, is to provide self-compatible cells or tissues for medical use, especially transplantation. Some have argued that this raises no new ethical issues above those raised by any form of embryo experimentation. I argue that this research is less morally problematic than other embryo research. Indeed, it is not merely morally permissible but morally required that we employ cloning to produce embryos or fetuses for the sake of providing cells, tissues or even organs for therapy, followed by abortion of the embryo or fetus.  (+info)

(4/434) Persons and their copies.

Is cloning human beings morally wrong? The basis for the one serious objection to cloning is that, because of what a clone is, clones would have much worse lives than non-clones. I sketch a fragment of moral theory to make sense of the objection. I then outline several ways in which it might be claimed that, because of what a clone is, clones would have much worse lives than non-clones. In particular, I look at various ideas connected with autonomy. I conclude that there is no basis to the claim that, because of what a clone is, clones would have much worse lives than non-clones. I therefore reject the claim that cloning human beings is morally wrong.  (+info)

(5/434) Beware! Preimplantation genetic diagnosis may solve some old problems but it also raises new ones.

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PIGD) goes some way to meeting the clinical, psychological and ethical problems of antenatal testing. We should guard, however, against the assumption that PIGD is the answer to all our problems. It also presents some new problems and leaves some old problems untouched. This paper will provide an overview of how PIGD meets some of the old problems but will concentrate on two new challenges for ethics (and, indeed, law). First we look at whether we should always suppose that it is wrong for a clinician to implant a genetically abnormal zygote. The second concern is particularly important in the UK. The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act (1990) gives clinicians a statutory obligation to consider the interests of the future children they help to create using in vitro fertilisation (IVF) techniques. Does this mean that because PIGD is based on IVF techniques the balance of power for determining the best interests of the future child shifts from the mother to the clinician?  (+info)

(6/434) Equality and selection for existence.

It is argued that the policy of excluding from further life some human gametes and pre-embryos as "unfit" for existence is not at odds with a defensible idea of human equality. Such an idea must be compatible with the obvious fact that the "functional" value of humans differs, that their "use" to themselves and others differs. A defensible idea of human equality is instead grounded in the fact that as this functional difference is genetically determined, it is nothing which makes humans deserve or be worthy of being better or worse off. Rather, nobody is worth a better life than anyone else. This idea of equality is, however, not applicable to gametes and pre-embryos, since they are not human beings, but something out of which human beings develop.  (+info)

(7/434) What is the future for equity within health policy?

In spite of differences in meaning, equity is generally accepted as an important social and economic policy goal. However, recent policy debates suggest that this consensus is under challenge. This paper explores the current debate between the 'New Right' and its opponents, and how different approaches affect health policy. It is strongly argued that if equity is not to remain a misunderstood concept, it is essential to clarify the arguments in its favour, as well as the steps required to protect its position within policy. The paper then goes on to justify the concern with equity, the broad goals equity seeks to achieve, and the practical translation of these goals into health policy. In the final section essentially practical issues are raised, by considering planning strategies and what research is necessary to support and develop pragmatic planning based on equity goals.  (+info)

(8/434) Challenge of Goodness II: new humanitarian technology, developed in croatia and bosnia and Herzegovina in 1991-1995, and applied and evaluated in Kosovo 1999.

This paper presents improvements of the humanitarian proposals of the Challenge of Goodness project published earlier (1). In 1999 Kosovo crisis, these proposals were checked in practice. The priority was again on the practical intervention - helping people directly - to prevent, stop, and ease suffering. Kosovo experience also prompted us to modify the concept of the Challenge of Goodness. It should include research and education (1. redefinition of health, 2. confronting genocide, 3. university studies and education, and 4. collecting experience); evaluation (1. Red Cross forum, 2. organization and technology assessment, 3. Open Hand - Experience of Good People); activities in different stages of war or conflict in: 1. prevention (right to a home, Hate Watch, early warning), 2. duration (refugee camps, prisoners-of-war camps, global hospital, minorities), 3. end of conflict (planned, organized, and evaluated protection), 4. post conflict (remaini ng and abandoned populations, prisoners of war and missing persons, civilian participation, return, and renewal). Effectiveness of humanitarian intervention may be performed by politicians, soldiers, humanitarian workers, and volunteers, but the responsibility lies on science. Science must objectively collect data, develop hypotheses, check them in practice, allow education, and be the force of good, upon which everybody can rely. Never since the World War II has anybody in Europe suffered in war and conflict so much as peoples in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. We should search for the meaning of their suffering, and develop new knowledge and technology of peace.  (+info)



abuses


  • The report released Thursday catalogues human rights abuses by government troops loyal to President Salva Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, and rebels loyal to former Vice President Riek Machar, an ethnic Nuer. (townhall.com)
  • The U.N. is expected to release its own investigation of human rights abuses later. (townhall.com)
  • Many welcomed the president's formal apology in January for human rights abuses committed by the state during the 1980-92 civil war. (britannica.com)

violations


  • Vice President Dan Quayle's trip here last month to demand that the government end human rights violations or face the loss of American aid has had almost no impact, with the number of killings actually increasing since his visit, according to diplomats and human rights groups. (latimes.com)
  • The goal of the course is to strengthen the capacity of organizations of victims, human rights NGOs, and forensic laboratories in Latin America as they learn the scientific truth in uncovering serious cases of human rights violations and demand justice. (physiciansforhumanrights.org)
  • Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) is a New York-based advocacy organization that uses science and medicine to prevent mass atrocities and severe human rights violations. (physiciansforhumanrights.org)

Conduct


  • Aviva's support of the Global Compact principles are reflected in our existing company policies on Standards of Business Conduct, Human Rights, Environment and our suite of Workforce policies. (unglobalcompact.org)
  • Details of practical actions which Aviva and its group of businesses around the world have taken to implement the Global Compact principles can be seen in the relevant sections of our CSR report under the headings of Standards of Business Conduct, Environment, Workforce and Human Rights. (unglobalcompact.org)
  • So Father Jon de Cortina, the organization's founder, sought the support of Boston-based Physicians for Human Rights to conduct the first DNA identification which proved that Juan Carlos Serrano was the biological son of Magdalena Ramos, originally from Chalatenango, but who was raised in the SOS Home of Santa Tecla as an orphan. (physiciansforhumanrights.org)

Justice


  • Social justice assigns rights and duties in the institutions of society, which enables people to receive the basic benefits and burdens of cooperation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hence, social justice is invoked today while reinterpreting historical figures such as Bartolomé de las Casas , in philosophical debates about differences among human beings, in efforts for gender, racial and social equality , for advocating justice for migrants , prisoners, the environment , and the physically and mentally disabled . (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1993, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action treats social justice as a purpose of human rights education . (wikipedia.org)
  • In an article for J.N.V University, author D.R. Bhandari says, "Justice is, for Plato, at once a part of human virtue and the bond, which joins man together in society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Justice is not the right of the stronger but the effective harmony of the whole. (wikipedia.org)

government


  • It also highlights the unfinished obligation of the Salvadoran government in providing reparation for victims, as affirmed in the decision of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in the case of the Serrano Cruz sisters. (physiciansforhumanrights.org)

social


  • Industrial social work Recommended Books : 1) Human resource management by : T.N Chhabra. (slideshare.net)