Holocaust: A massive slaughter, especially the systematic mass extermination of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps prior to and during World War II.Concentration Camps: Facilities in which WARFARE or political prisoners are confined.National Socialism: The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)World War II: Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.Jews: An ethnic group with historical ties to the land of ISRAEL and the religion of JUDAISM.TetrahydrocortisolPolitical Systems: The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.IsraelSurvivors: Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.Cholestenone 5 alpha-Reductase: An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the conversion of 3-oxo-delta4 steroids into their corresponding 5alpha form. It plays an important role in the conversion of TESTOSTERONE into DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE and PROGESTERONE into DIHYDROPROGESTERONE.

*  JustOneMinute: A Little Bit On The Holocaust Memorial Shooter

... the execrable Holocaust memorial shooter: 1. What set von Brunn off? I have a notion that his age, 88, was significant, since ' ... A Little Bit On The Holocaust Memorial Shooter. Some stray thoughts on James von Brunn, the execrable Holocaust memorial ...

*  A Deadly Union: Monsanto and Bayer's Lethal Legacy | Mysterious Earth

BAYER'S ROLE IN THE HOLOCAUST. The Holocaust and death camps like Auschwitz are synonymous with World War II. Numerous crimes ...

*  The Holocaust Museum shooting

A man police identified as an 88-year-old white supremacist shot and killed a security guard at the Holocaust Museum in ... Holocaust Museum in Washington, D.C." Maybe now the authorities will wake up to the fact that the most immediate terrorist ...

*  Master of Confusion - Wikipedia

Il disco è composto da 2 inediti a cui fanno seguito 2 cover (Holocaust e Sweet), le restanti 6 tracce sono registrate dal vivo ... Empire of the Undead - 04:25 Master of Confusion - 04:55 Death or Glory (Holocaust cover) - 03:46 Lost Angels (Sweet cover) - ...

*  Irving pleads guilty to holocaust denial | Daily Mail Online

He was detained on a warrant issued in 1989 under Austrian laws that make Holocaust denial a crime, and has remained in custody ... British historian David Irving has pleaded guilty to charges of denying the Holocaust happened. Irving was arrested in Austria ... He was detained on a warrant issued in 1989 under Austrian laws that make Holocaust denial a crime, and has remained in custody ... British historian David Irving has pleaded guilty to charges of denying the Holocaust happened. ...

*  Holocaust Museum | New York Post

What will it take to keep the United States Holocaust Museum free of political interference and manipulation? The problem first ...

*  Holocaust remembered as attacks rise. - San Antonio Express-News

A sudden spike in the incidence of anti-Semitic attacks worldwide made Holocaust Remembrance Day even more meaningful for ... People gather for the reading of the names of Jews who were murdered during the Holocaust for Holocaust Remembrance Day at the ... People gather for the reading of the names of Jews who were murdered during the Holocaust for Holocaust Remembrance Day at the ... Isabell Korman reads a poem written by one of the children that suffered during the Holocaust for Holocaust Remembrance Day at ...

*  Federal Government | Issues

There will be a number of opportunities to remember the victims of the two world wars and the Holocaust. They will also give us ...

*  International Holocaust Remembrance Day - Wikipedia

Liberation (Holocaust memorial). References[edit]. *^ "The Holocaust and the United Nations Outreach Programme". United Nations ... "International Holocaust Remembrance Day". Ushmm.org. Retrieved 27 January 2012.. *^ International Holocaust Remembrance Day on ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to International Holocaust Remembrance Day.. *International Holocaust Remembrance Day on ... Sources: United Nations Press Releases for 2007 Holocaust Remembrance Week. *^ "The Holocaust and the United Nations Outreach ...

*  Sephardi Jews during the Holocaust Photograph

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum United States Holocaust Memorial Museum 100 Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW. Washington, DC ... Learn about The Holocaust. Holocaust Encyclopedia Search:. Search in:. Entire Encyclopedia. Article. ID Card. Artifact. ...

*  Quotations on the Holocaust

The Holocaust: Table of Contents,Introductory History,Jewish Persecution. The Holocaust:. Famous Quotations. The Holocaust: ... Raul Hilberg (Holocaust Historian & Scholar). "The missionaries of Christianity had said in effect: You have no right to live ... Elie Wiesel (Holocaust Survivor; Nobel Laureate). "I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure ... Anti-Semitism Biography History Holocaust Israel Israel Education Myths & Facts Politics Religion Travel US & Israel Vital ...

*  In Darkness (2012) - Rotten Tomatoes

Unique among Holocaust films, Agnieszka Holland's Academy Award-nominated In Darkness is set during World War II in a small ... The Holocaust was about failure." In Darkness succeeds for this very reason: there is a great deal more ambiguity surrounding ... Yet another horrible view of Holocaust times, and based on a true event. Not an easy watch, due to the fact that it spends ... Even as we near the 70th anniversary of VE Day, the Holocaust remains a sensitive and difficult subject to portray on film. ...

*  After the Holocaust: Remembering, Forgetting and Recovering - latimes

One definitive observation that can be made about the literature of the Holocaust is that there can never be too much of it. ... After the Holocaust: Remembering, Forgetting and Recovering. SHADOWS OF A CHILDHOOD: A Novel of War and Friendship by Elisabeth ... One definitive observation that can be made about the literature of the Holocaust is that there can never be too much of it. ... After the war, Lea is raised by Benedicte's parents, who try to shield her from discovering the facts of the Holocaust. Lea ...

*  Holocaust survivors celebrate bar mitzvahs decades late

The Holocaust survivors celebrated their bar and bat mitzvahs at the Western Wall in Jerusalem, where soldiers saluted them, ... Some 50 Holocaust survivors who never celebrated their bar mitzvahs marked the special occasion with their families at the ... "Today we feel we got back what was missing," Holocaust survivor Solomon Moshe said after the celebrations. ...

*  Out of Novemberland | by André Aciman | The New York Review of Books

They are the survivors-most notably from the Holocaust.. In Sebald's tales the Holocaust doesn't just continue to haunt its ... The move to England took place long before the Holocaust, and therefore the Holocaust as it affects Dr. Selwyn's life is ... Supremely tactful, Sebald never brings up the Holocaust. The reader, meanwhile, thinks of nothing else. ... as survivors of the Holocaust were referred to after the war. Yet, as in The Emigrants, in The Rings of Saturn his fundamental ...

*  Cannibal Holocaust Scenes | Videos | Break.com

Watch Cannibal Holocaust Scenes videos and then jump to the homepage to watch the funniest and most amazing videos selected by ...

*  The Holocaust and the United Nations Outreach Programme

Holocaust survivor and former Israeli Police Officer Michael Goldmann was a member of Bureau 06, the code name for the special ... Goldmann lost his entire family during the Holocaust. He survived the camps at Belzec and Auschwitz, escaped from the Nazis' ...

*  Rodrigo Duterte Condemned After Comparing Philippine War on Drugs With Holocaust - WSJ

Rodrigo Duterte Condemned After Comparing Philippine War on Drugs With Holocaust. Philippine president says he'd be 'happy to ...

*  The Holocaust On Screen

And it also is relevant that when Hollywood finally did get around to mak-ing movies about the Holocaust itself in the late ... The reason that Hollywood treaded lightly when it came to Jews - the reason that Jews failed to make films about the Holocaust ... Depicting the horrors of the Holocaust, espe-cially as they pertained to Jews, somehow became a liberal issue. At a time of ... In any case, for nearly 40 years, Hollywood Jews, out of fear, couldn't show the terrors of the Holocaust. Now, finally, they ...

*  Holocaust | Definition, Concentration Camps, & History | Britannica.com

Holocaust: The systematic state-sponsored killing of six million Jews and millions of others by Nazi Germany and its ... British Broadcasting Corporation - Holocaust * Florida Center for Instructional Technology - A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust ... Nowhere was the Holocaust more intense and sudden than in Hungary. What took place over several years in Germany occurred over ... Holocaust - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The killing of millions of people by Nazi Germany during World War II is ...

*  Ynetnews News - Israel marks Holocaust Remembrance Day

Holocaust Remembrance Day is dedicated to honoring the memory of the Holocaust inflicted on the Jewish people by the Nazis and ... The Holocaust Remembrance Day opening ceremony took place at the Warsaw Ghetto Square in the Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum in ... Speaking at the Holocaust Remembrance Day, President Shimon Peres said: "The victims are alive in our hearts. Each one of us ... Six Holocaust survivors, representing the six million victims, will light torches in memory of people who did not survive at ...

*  Holocaust Museum : NPR

Holocaust Museum

*  Holocaust Miracle

Rosh Hashanah Cards from the Holocaust. A glimpse into some of the ways Jews before, during and immediately after the Holocaust ... Holocaust Miracle. As in the Time of the Maccabees, a great miracle happened.. by Rabbi Shimon Apisdorf ...

*  Holocaust - MusicBrainz

Italian punk band, Area: Italy

*  Toxic Holocaust - Wikipedia

Site oficial do Toxic Holocaust Toxic Holocaust no Facebook Conteúdo relacionado com Toxic Holocaust no Wikimedia Commons. ... Toxic Holocaust / Inepsy (2010, Split 12") Toxic Holocaust / Midnight (2011 Split 7" to benefit the Japanese Tsunami victims) ... Toxic Holocaust é uma banda norte-americana de thrash/black metal de Portland, Oregon, formada em 1999. Foram Influenciados ... Joel Grind fundou o Toxic Holocaust em 1999. Ele originalmente escreveu e gravou todas as músicas da banda, e depois de alguns ...

Bibliography of The Holocaust: This is a selected bibliography and other resources for The Holocaust.Danane concentration camp: The Danane concentration camp was an Italian concentration camp established near Mogadishu in Italian East Africa after the Second Italo-Ethiopian War.Michael R.Mass suicides in 1945 Nazi Germany: Mass suicides in 1945 Nazi Germany among civilians, government officials and military personnel alike occurred with unusual frequency during the final weeks of Nazi Germany and the end of World War II in Europe for numerous reasons. These include the influence of Nazi propaganda, reaction to the suicide of Adolf Hitler, loyalty to the tenets of the Nazi Party, the nation's impending defeat in war, the anticipated Allied occupation of Nazi Germany, and fears of harsh treatment at the hands of military personnel both from the Western armies and the Soviet army.World War II in popular culture: There is a wide range of ways in which people have represented World War II in popular culture. Many works were created during the years of conflict and many more have arisen from that period of world history.Jewish Community Council of Victoria: The Jewish Community Council of Victoria Inc (JCCV) is the peak representative body for Victorian Jewry, representing nearly 60 Jewish community organisations and over 52,000 Victorian Jews. The JCCV’s mission is to represent the Victorian Jewish community, the largest Jewish community in Australia, on all matters that affect its status, welfare and interests.TetrahydrocortisolVernacular Press Act: The Vernacular Press Act was passed in 1878 under the Governor Generalship and Viceroyalty of Lord Lytton, for better control of Indian language newspapers. The purpose of the Act was to control the printing and circulation of seditious material, specifically that which could produce disaffection against the British Government in India in the minds of the masses.Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center: Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (commonly referred to as Ichilov Hospital) is the main hospital serving Tel Aviv, Israel, and its metropolitan area. It is the third-largest hospital complex in the country.Survivor Type: "Survivor Type" is a short story by Stephen King, first published in the 1982 horror anthology Terrors, edited by Charles L. Grant, and collected in King's 1985 collection Skeleton Crew.

(1/33) Therapists' responses during psychotherapy of holocaust survivors and their second generation.

Human personality contains three layers of identity: the collective, the familial, and the individual, intra-psychic. All three have been directly traumatized and damaged in Holocaust (Shoah) survivors and indirectly through overt and covert transmission in their children. Survivors and the second generation usually contain a few of these identity components in a state of fragmentation, which become central in the therapeutic dialogue between therapists and the patients. When the therapist belongs to the same traumatized population there exists a unique complexity of an a priori countertransference. Sharing the same traumatogenic reality that the patient seeks to alleviate through therapy poses unique difficulties and challenges for the therapist. In working with survivors, pre-war intra-familial traumatizations are of little significance in the face of the massive traumas and death suffered in the Holocaust. In the case of the second generation, "ordinary" developmental impairments and difficulties cannot be fully understood without knowledge of the parents' war experiences and the resultant family atmosphere. Thus, every therapist has to examine both his knowledge and especially his responses not only about the Shoah as a massive trauma but the specific war history of both parents families. Self-knowledge and awareness are necessary to a far greater extent than usual if one is not to be shocked or surprised into acting out. The depth and degree of openness which therapists need when dealing with Holocaust survivors and their children are at least as important as clinical skills.  (+info)

(2/33) Ethics and access to teaching materials in the medical library: the case of the Pernkopf atlas.

Conflicts can occur between the principle of freedom of information treasured by librarians and ethical standards of scientific research involving the propriety of using data derived from immoral or dishonorable experimentation. A prime example of this conflict was brought to the attention of the medical and library communities in 1995 when articles claiming that the subjects of the illustrations in the classic anatomy atlas, Eduard Pernkopf's Topographische Anatomie des Menschen, were victims of the Nazi holocaust. While few have disputed the accuracy, artistic, or educational value of the Pernkopf atlas, some have argued that the use of such subjects violates standards of medical ethics involving inhuman and degrading treatment of subjects or disrespect of a human corpse. Efforts were made to remove the book from medical libraries. In this article, the history of the Pernkopf atlas and the controversy surrounding it are reviewed. The results of a survey of academic medical libraries concerning their treatment of the Pernkopf atlas are reported, and the ethical implications of these issues as they affect the responsibilities of librarians is discussed.  (+info)

(3/33) Human dignity in the Nazi era: implications for contemporary bioethics.

BACKGROUND: The justification for Nazi programs involving involuntary euthanasia, forced sterilisation, eugenics and human experimentation were strongly influenced by views about human dignity. The historical development of these views should be examined today because discussions of human worth and value are integral to medical ethics and bioethics. We should learn lessons from how human dignity came to be so distorted to avoid repetition of similar distortions. DISCUSSION: Social Darwinism was foremost amongst the philosophies impacting views of human dignity in the decades leading up to Nazi power in Germany. Charles Darwin's evolutionary theory was quickly applied to human beings and social structure. The term 'survival of the fittest' was coined and seen to be applicable to humans. Belief in the inherent dignity of all humans was rejected by social Darwinists. Influential authors of the day proclaimed that an individual's worth and value were to be determined functionally and materialistically. The popularity of such views ideologically prepared German doctors and nurses to accept Nazi social policies promoting survival of only the fittest humans.A historical survey reveals five general presuppositions that strongly impacted medical ethics in the Nazi era. These same five beliefs are being promoted in different ways in contemporary bioethical discourse. Ethical controversies surrounding human embryos revolve around determinations of their moral status. Economic pressures force individuals and societies to examine whether some people's lives are no longer worth living. Human dignity is again being seen as a relative trait found in certain humans, not something inherent. These views strongly impact what is taken to be acceptable within medical ethics. SUMMARY: Five beliefs central to social Darwinism will be examined in light of their influence on current discussions in medical ethics and bioethics. Acceptance of these during the Nazi era proved destructive to many humans. Their widespread acceptance today would similarly lead to much human death and suffering. A different ethic is needed which views human dignity as inherent to all human individuals.  (+info)

(4/33) Contextualizing salutogenesis and Antonovsky in public health development.

More than 20 years have passed since the American-Israeli medical sociologist Aaron Antonovsky introduced his salutogenic theory 'sense of coherence' as a global orientation to view the world, claiming that the way people view their life has a positive influence on their health. Sense of coherence explains why people in stressful situations stay well and even are able to improve their health. The origin of salutogenesis derives from the interviews of Israeli women with experiences from the concentration camps of the Second World War who in spite of this stayed healthy. Sixty years after the Holocaust this paper aim to shed light on the salutogenic theory in the context of public health and health promotion. In addition, other approaches with salutogenic elements for the explanation of health are considered. A potential direction for public health of the early 21st century is proposed. The historical paradox is to honour the victims of the Holocaust and see the birth of post-modern public health and the salutogenic framework through the experience of its survivors in the ashes of Modernity.  (+info)

(5/33) Survival of Jews during the Holocaust: the importance of different types of social resources.

BACKGROUND: Of the Jewish inhabitants of Amsterdam 25.9% survived the Holocaust. However, different cultural and socio-economic groups within the Jewish community may have had different social resources and different chances of survival. METHOD: To determine social resources by studying a random sample of 7,665 Jews living in Amsterdam on the eve of the destruction of Dutch Jewry. Binary logistic regression models are used to test several hypotheses and express odds ratios. As some types of social resources may be interrelated, multivariable analyses are used. RESULTS: There were basically two ways of avoiding deportation to the death camps: going into hiding or acquiring protected status. The latter option was open chiefly to Jews having German nationality. In the analyses a higher survival rate correlates with holding German nationality, however is not significant when job status is included. Survival correlates strongly with having relations with non-Jews. The results were controlled for marital status, number of children, age below 15 years and gender. Standard errors and P-values were adjusted for family relationship by using robust standard error analyses. CONCLUSION: Survival correlates most strongly with having close social ties with non-Jews. Although Jews could sometimes acquire protected status, this was no more than temporary. In order to survive, Jews needed someone who was a non-Jew to hide them and provide support.  (+info)

(6/33) The aging of Holocaust survivors: myth and reality concerning suicide.

The association between the Holocaust experience and suicide has rarely been studied systematically. The dearth of data in this area of old-age psychiatry does not necessarily imply that Holocaust survivors are immune from suicide. Recent work on the aging of survivors seems to suggest that as a group they are at high risk for self-harm. Published reports on suicide and the Holocaust identified by means of a MEDLINE literature search were reviewed. A similar search was performed on the Internet using the Google search engine. Thirteen studies were uncovered, 9 of which addressed the association of suicide and the Holocaust experience and 4 focused on suicide in the concentration camps during the genocide. Eleven of the 15 studies explicitly reported on the association of suicide, suicidal ideation or death by suicide with the Holocaust experience, or reported findings suggesting such an association. The Internet search yielded three sites clearly describing increased suicide rates in the concentration camps. An increased rate of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among the elderly who were exposed to the Holocaust experience is confirmed. There is a need for further study, intervention and resource allocation among the growing numbers of elderly persons who suffered traumatic events in earlier phases of their lives. This is especially critical for Holocaust survivors.  (+info)

(7/33) Doctors, pregnancy, childbirth and abortion during the Third Reich.

This paper does not attempt to deal with the legitimate ethical or moral debate on abortion. Utilizing abortion as a subject I will show how science and medicine in general, and abortion in particular, were used as weapons of mass destruction by Nazi physicians in their zeal to comply with the political climate of the time. Nazi policy on abortion and childbirth was just one of the methods devised and designed to ensure the extermination of those whom the Nazis deemed had "lives not worth living." Physicians implemented these policies, not with the fate of their patients in mind, but rather in the name of the "state." When discussing pregnancy, abortion and childbirth during the Holocaust it is imperative to include an essay of how these issues affected the Jewish prisoner doctors in the ghettos and camps. Nazi policy dictated their actions too. From an extensive search of their testimonies, I conclude that for these doctors ethical discourse comprised a fundamental component of their functioning. I do not propose to judge them in any way and one should not, in my opinion, argue whether their behavior was or was not morally acceptable under such duress; nevertheless, unlike their Nazi counterparts, a key theme in their testimonies was to "keep their medical values."  (+info)

(8/33) Eponyms and the Nazi era: time to remember and time for change.

Eponyms are titles of medical disorders named for individuals who originally described the condition. They also help us remember and identify the disorder. Medicine is replete with them, and changing them or eradicating them, for whatever reason, is not simple. But when there is a moral issue involved - for example, research conducted under overwhelming unethical conditions - we believe it wrong to perpetuate and thus "rew ard" the memory of the individual for whom the disorder is named. The name of a syndrome should thus be discontinued if described by an individual whose research used extreme measures or who was involved in atrocities against humanity. Ethical considerations should be introduced into medical nosology just as they exist in patient care and research. This article details a group of notable eponyms, the names of which are associated with overt crimes of the medical community during the Nazi era, and provides alternative medical nomenclature. In addition, examples are provided of eponyms named after Nazi era victims, eponyms of those who protested such injustices, and eponyms of those who had to flee discrimination and death. These should be remembered and even strengthened, as opposed to those of the perpetrators, which should be obliterated. Since the greatest accolade a physician can earn is praise from his colleagues as expressed in an eponym entrenched in one's name, the medical profession should remove any honor given to physicians involved in crimes to humanity.  (+info)


  • Some 50 Holocaust survivors who never celebrated their bar mitzvahs marked the special occasion with their families at the Western Wall in Jerusalem before Israel's Holocaust Memorial Day. (cnn.com)
  • The Holocaust survivors celebrated their bar and bat mitzvahs at the Western Wall in Jerusalem, where soldiers saluted them, bringing some to tears. (cnn.com)
  • In 1945, Britain offered to take in 1,000 young survivors [of the Holocaust]. (worldcat.org)


  • He was detained on a warrant issued in 1989 under Austrian laws that make Holocaust denial a crime, and has remained in custody. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • It rejects any denial of the Holocaust as an event and condemns all manifestations of religious intolerance , incitement, harassment or violence against persons or communities based on ethnic origin or religious belief. (wikipedia.org)

Memorial Day

  • International Holocaust Remembrance Day , is an international memorial day on 27 January commemorating the tragedy of the Holocaust that occurred during the Second World War. (wikipedia.org)
  • and the Holocaust memorial day observed every 27 January since 2001 in the UK. (wikipedia.org)


  • Today we feel we got back what was missing," Holocaust survivor Solomon Moshe said after the celebrations. (cnn.com)
  • Holocaust survivor and former Israeli Police Officer Michael Goldmann was a member of Bureau 06, the code name for the special police unit set up to investigate Adolf Eichmann after his arrest by Mossad agents in Argentina in 1960. (un.org)


  • This travelling exhibit, produced by Yad Vashem , the Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority in Jerusalem, opened a window into the world of children during the Shoah. (wikipedia.org)


  • I don't usually begin a commentary this way, but - as a queer person and as a Jew who lost multiple family members to murder during the German Holocaust, I feel so furious that I am having difficulty finding the words. (tikkun.org)


  • Resolution 60/7 establishing 27 January as International Holocaust Remembrance Day urges every member nation of the U.N. to honor the memory of Holocaust victims, and encourages the development of educational programs about Holocaust history to help prevent future acts of genocide . (wikipedia.org)
  • The essence of the text lies in its twofold approach: one that deals with the memory and remembrance of those who were massacred during the Holocaust, and the other with educating future generations of its horrors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The International Day in memory of the victims of the Holocaust is thus a day on which we must reassert our commitment to human rights. (wikipedia.org)


  • Born in Poland in 1925, Mr. Goldmann lost his entire family during the Holocaust. (un.org)


  • On 24 January, the opening of the Holocaust Remembrance Week took place at United Nations Headquarters with the unveiling of an exhibit "No Child's Play - Remembrance and Beyond" in the Visitors' Lobby. (wikipedia.org)