Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Home Care Services: Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Great BritainHealth Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.United States Indian Health Service: A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.United StatesAttitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).EnglandHealth Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Contract Services: Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Personal Health Services: Health care provided to individuals.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Student Health Services: Health services for college and university students usually provided by the educational institution.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Emergency Medical Services: Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Diagnostic Services: Organized services for the purpose of providing diagnosis to promote and maintain health.Maternal-Child Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.LondonOrganizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Nursing Services: A general concept referring to the organization and administration of nursing activities.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Utilization Review: An organized procedure carried out through committees to review admissions, duration of stay, professional services furnished, and to evaluate the medical necessity of those services and promote their most efficient use.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Genetic Services: Organized services to provide diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genetic disorders.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Community Mental Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of psychologic and psychiatric services to people living in a neighborhood or community.Hospitals, Public: Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Health Planning Support: Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Resource Allocation: Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Ambulatory Care Facilities: Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)BrazilQuality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Continuity of Patient Care: Health care provided on a continuing basis from the initial contact, following the patient through all phases of medical care.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Budgets: Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Administrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Health Services Misuse: Excessive, under or unnecessary utilization of health services by patients or physicians.Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (U.S.): A component of the Department of Health and Human Services to oversee and direct the Medicare and Medicaid programs and related Federal medical care quality control staffs. Name was changed effective June 14, 2001.Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Telemedicine: Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.United States Department of Veterans Affairs: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.New South Wales: A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Alaska

*  Caring for country and the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians | The Medical Journal of Australia

Central Desert Native Title Services, Poche Centre for Indigenous Health, Miwatj Health Aboriginal Corporation, Australian ... Health Policy 2011; 99: 83-89.. *13. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. The health and welfare of Australia's ... 4054 per non-Indigenous person.1 Increasing expenditure on health services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is ... Wurli-Wurlinjang Health Service, StrongBala Men's Health Program, Flinders NT (Katherine), Katherine Stolen Generation Group, ...
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Apply nursing knowledge and skills to priority public health areas including Indigenous health, aged care, and risk factors for ... Choose electives in areas of interest including womens' health, international health, Indigenous health, domestic violence and ... Student Services and Amenities Fee. You may need to pay the Student Services and Amenities Fee (SSAF) as part of your course ... Graduates of this course can apply nursing knowledge and skills to public health areas such as Indigenous health, population ...
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*  Embedding cultural safety in Australia's main health care standards | The Medical Journal of Australia

1 Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia, Canberra, ACT. *2 Poche Centre for Indigenous Health and Wellbeing, Flinders ... Int J Critical Indigenous Studies 2016; 9.. *18. Delany C, Ewen S, Harms L, et al. Theory and practice: Indigenous health ... Ethn Health 2013; 18: 433-447.. *11. Taylor K, Guerin P. Health care and Indigenous Australians: cultural safety in practice. ... 20. Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care. National safety and quality health service standards, September ...
https://mja.com.au/journal/2017/207/1/embedding-cultural-safety-australias-main-health-care-standards

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The government is taking issue with the directive that requests for health services for First Nations children must be ... By clicking "Create Account", I confirm that I have read and understood each of the website terms of service and privacy policy ... By continuing to use our service, you agree to our use of cookies. ... Ottawa seeks 'clarity' on tribunal findings on First Nations health. ...
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... child and family services, non-insured health benefits, family violence prevention and more. ... Health services and social programs for Indigenous peoples. Learn about physical and mental health services, child and family ... Services and information. Aboriginal health. Access the First Nations and Inuit home and community care program, health ... Institute of Aboriginal Peoples' Health. Find out about the Institute`s support for research to improve and promote the health ...
aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1461942831385/1461942892707

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Mental Health in Alberta Health Services and believes mental health care should be just as easy to access as physical health ... FamiliesHelping one another and improving Indigenous health outcomes Helping one another and improving Indigenous health ... Nicholas Mitchell is the Senior Medical Director with the Alberta Health Services Addiction and Mental Health Strategic ... AHS Podcasts feature Alberta Health Services physicians and other health care providers, researchers, policy makers, community ...
albertahealthservices.ca/Blogs/podcasts/258.aspx

*  Culturally Relevant Mental Health Services for Indigenous Youth - Social Science Insights

Culturally Relevant Mental Health Services for Indigenous Youth. by Dr Zuleyka Zevallos. August 18, 2014. November 19, 2016. ... Indigenous communities in remote areas face problems of access and relevance when it comes to mental health services. In areas ... One Indigenous community worker says:. The thing with mental health in Indigenous communities is that it's normalised. So a ... Leave a CommentCulturally Relevant Mental Health Services for Indigenous YouthSocial Policy Consulting ...
socialscienceinsights.com/2014/08/18/mental-health-indigenous-youth/

*  Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin : Overseas-trained doctors in Indigenous rural health services: negotiating professional...

Overseas-trained doctors in Indigenous rural health services: negotiating professional relationships across cultural domains. ... Overseas-trained doctors in Indigenous rural health services: negotiating professional relationships across cultural domains.. ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Edith Cowan University. 2 Bradford Street. Mt Lawley, WA 6050. +61 8 9370 6336. ... Australia and New Zealand Journal of Public Health;32(6):512-518. View abstract: PubMed. View website: PubMed ...
healthbulletin.org.au/articles/overseas-trained-doctors-in-indigenous-rural-health-services-negotiating-professional-relationships-across-cultural-domains/

*  Health services at Papunya « Bibliography « Key resources « Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2015 This product, excluding the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet logo, artwork, and any ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet, Kurongkurl Katitjin, Centre of Indigenous Australian Studies, Edith Cowan University ... The HealthInfoNet respects such culturally sensitive issues, but, for technical reasons, it has not been possible to provide ... to close the gap by providing the evidence base to inform practice and policy in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health ...
healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/key-resources/bibliography?page=264&q=&q_exact=&q_author=&q_keyword=&sorter=year-DESC&health_topic[]=33&year_start=1840&year_end=2013&lid=12503

*  Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin : Preparing rural general practitioners and health services for climate

Related to Environment Environmental health Health services Remote Rural New South Wales ... Preparing rural general practitioners and health services for climate. Australian Journal of Rural Health; 22: (8 - 14) ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Edith Cowan University. 2 Bradford Street. Mt Lawley, WA 6050. +61 8 9370 6336. ... Preparing rural general practitioners and health services for climate. Posted on: 26 March, 2014. Issue: Vol 14 No 1, January ...
healthbulletin.org.au/articles/preparing-rural-general-practitioners-and-health-services-for-climate/

*  Lack of services perpetuates indigenous mental health crisis: frontline workers

... In Attawapiskat a state of emergency was ... mental health services on reserves are "at best probably minimal and at worst non-existent," said Sol Mamakwa, health adviser ... Indigenous leaders say rampant child sexual abuse on many reserves across the country is an underlying contributor to mental ... but a lack of funding and co-ordinated programs is leaving residents without desperately needed counselling services, which ...
https://ipolitics.ca/2016/11/27/lack-of-services-perpetuates-indigenous-mental-health-crisis-frontline-workers/

*  Emergency department presentations by Aboriginal children: issues for consideration for appropriate health services «...

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2015 This product, excluding the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet logo, artwork, and any ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet, Kurongkurl Katitjin, Centre of Indigenous Australian Studies, Edith Cowan University ... Emergency department presentations by Aboriginal children: issues for consideration for appropriate health services. by Duncan ... Emergency department presentations by Aboriginal children: issues for consideration for appropriate health services ...
healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/key-resources/bibliography?page=3&q=&q_exact=&q_author=&q_keyword=&sorter=year-DESC&health_topic[]=41&year_start=1840&year_end=2013&lid=25211

*  Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin : People power and politics in the WA health service

Health Services Western Australia Western Australia Policy Forum, Mooney G (2008). People power and politics in the WA health ... People power and politics in the WA health service. Posted on: 4 February, 2009. Issue: Vol 9 No 1, January 2009 - March 2009. ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Edith Cowan University. 2 Bradford Street. Mt Lawley, WA 6050. +61 8 9370 6336. ... The paper discusses the WA health service and resource allocation. Highlighted is the value of the input of informed WA ...
healthbulletin.org.au/articles/people-power-and-politics-in-the-wa-health-service/

*  Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin : Strategic approaches to enhanced health service delivery for Aboriginal and Torres...

Related to Cultural ways Cardiovascular health Diabetes Health services Respiratory health Urban Australian Capital Territory ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Edith Cowan University. 2 Bradford Street. Mt Lawley, WA 6050. +61 8 9370 6336. ... View abstract: Strategic approaches to enhanced health service delivery for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with ... Strategic approaches to enhanced health service delivery for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with chronic illness ...
healthbulletin.org.au/articles/strategic-approaches-to-enhanced-health-service-delivery-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-with-chronic-illness-a-qualitative-study/

*  Indigenous People's Day | Behavioral Health & Recovery Services Blog

Posts about Indigenous People's Day written by Kristie Lui ... Achal on In Observance of Indigenous Pe…. Health Insurance on ... Behavioral Health & Recovery Services Blog. A forum for discussing policies and issues related to mental health and substance ... San Mateo County's Behavioral Health and Recovery Services will close on Monday, October 9th in observance of Indigenous ... Category Archives: Indigenous People's Day Indigenous People's Day Brings Visibility and Sense of Belonging. Posted on October ...
https://smcbhrsblog.org/category/indigenous-peoples-day/

*  Report on aspects of Aboriginal health services in the Northern Territory « Bibliography « Key resources « Australian...

Report on aspects of Aboriginal health services in the Northern Territory ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2015 This product, excluding the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet logo, artwork, and any ... Key resources and services *» Bibliography *» Report on aspects of Aboriginal health services in the Northern Territory ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet, Kurongkurl Katitjin, Centre of Indigenous Australian Studies, Edith Cowan University ...
healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/key-resources/bibliography?page=175&q=&q_exact=&q_author=&q_keyword=&sorter=year-DESC&health_topic[]=41&year_start=1840&year_end=2013&lid=12775

*  In Observance of Indigenous People's Day | Behavioral Health & Recovery Services Blog

San Mateo County's Behavioral Health and Recovery Services will close on Monday, October 9th in observance of Indigenous ... Honoring Indigenous People's Day helps provide indigenous communities with a stage to reveal historical truths of genocide and ... Behavioral Health & Recovery Services Blog. A forum for discussing policies and issues related to mental health and substance ... San Mateo County's Behavioral Health and Recovery Services will close on Monday, October 9th in observance of Indigenous ...
https://smcbhrsblog.org/2017/10/06/in-observance-of-indigenous-peoples-day/comment-page-1/

*  Mental Health and Wellness Services for Indigenous Children and Youth | CMHA Ontario

Mental Health and Wellness Services for Indigenous Children and Youth. Mental Health and Wellness Services for Indigenous ... Where to find Indigenous mental health service. The following directories are available to link you to Indigenous mental health ... For example, Indigenous people in Toronto can contact Anishnawbe Health Toronto about health and support services in the city. ... Some regions in Ontario do have centralized places to find Indigenous services, often including mental health services. ...
ontario.cmha.ca/documents/mental-health-and-wellness-services-for-indigenous-children-and-youth/

*  Aboriginal and Islander Medical/Health Services « Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers/Health Practitioners «...

Nhulundu Wooribah Indigenous Health Organisation (Nhulundu Health Service). Non-government. QLD. Nindilingarri Cultural Health ... Gurriny Yealamucka Health Service. Non-government. QLD. Healesville Indigenous Community Services Association. Non-government. ... Derby Aboriginal Health Service (DAHS). Non-government. WA. Dhauwurd Wurrung Elderly and Community Health Service Inc.. Non- ... Wirraka Maya Health Service Aboriginal Corporation (WMHSAC). Non-government. WA. Wuchopperen Health Service Limited. Non- ...
healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/health-infrastructure/health-workers/aboriginal-and-islander-medical-health-services

*  Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin : Acceptability of an emotional and behavioural screening tool for children in Aboriginal...

Acceptability of an emotional and behavioural screening tool for children in Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Edith Cowan University. 2 Bradford Street. Mt Lawley, WA 6050. +61 8 9370 6336. ... Acceptability of an emotional and behavioural screening tool for children in Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in ... Acceptability of an emotional and behavioural screening tool for children in Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in ...
healthbulletin.org.au/articles/acceptability-of-an-emotional-and-behavioural-screening-tool-for-children-in-aboriginal-community-controlled-health-services-in-urban-nsw/

*  Call for Black control of health funding: Aboriginal Medical Services growing « Bibliography « Key resources « Australian...

Call for Black control of health funding: Aboriginal Medical Services growing ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet 2015 This product, excluding the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet logo, artwork, and any ... Key resources and services *» Bibliography *» Call for Black control of health funding: Aboriginal Medical Services growing ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet, Kurongkurl Katitjin, Centre of Indigenous Australian Studies, Edith Cowan University ...
healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/key-resources/bibliography?page=263&q=&q_exact=&q_author=&q_keyword=&sorter=year-DESC&health_topic[]=33&year_start=1840&year_end=2013&lid=12205

*  Nurses at work: in-service training of Aboriginal health workers in a remote area « Bibliography « Key resources « Australian...

... in-service training of Aboriginal health workers in a remote area ... This product, excluding the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet ... Key resources and services *» Bibliography *» Nurses at work: in-service training of Aboriginal health workers in a remote area ... Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet, Kurongkurl Katitjin, Centre of Indigenous Australian Studies, Edith Cowan University ... Nurses at work: in-service training of Aboriginal health workers in a remote area. by Ranse MA. Journal article. Year. 1977. ...
healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/key-resources/bibliography?page=124&q=&q_exact=&q_author=&q_keyword=&sorter=year-DESC&health_topic[]=40&year_start=1840&year_end=2013&lid=12536

*  Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin : Delivery of maternal health care in Indigenous primary care services: baseline data for...

Delivery of maternal health care in Indigenous primary care services: baseline data for an ongoing quality improvement ... Delivery of maternal health care in Indigenous primary care services: baseline data for an ongoing quality improvement ... View abstract: Delivery of maternal health care in Indigenous primary care services: baseline data for an ongoing quality ... Related to Births Health services Women Pregnancy Rumbold AR, Bailie RS, Si D, Dowden MC, Kennedy CM, Cox RJ, O'Donoghue L, ...
healthbulletin.org.au/articles/delivery-of-maternal-health-care-in-indigenous-primary-care-services-baseline-data-for-an-ongoing-quality-improvement-initiative/

*  Cancer Council digital library: Cancer in Indigenous Australians: a review

Alcohol Drinking; ethnology; Government; Health Services,Indigenous; Hepatitis B; Hospitalization; Humans; Incidence; Lung; ... and less effective health programs are as great a problem for cancer control as for other aspects of Indigenous health in ... Major improvements in preventive services, screening, primary care, and specialist treatment services are required to reduce ... RESULTS: Indigenous Australians have much higher incidence rates than other Australians of cancers of the lung, liver, and ...
researchpubs.cancercouncil.com.au/cancercounciljspui/handle/1/1327

*  HEALTH: New Studies Back Benefits of Organic Diet | Inter Press Service

Dams Hurt Indigenous and Fishing Communities in Brazilian Amazon. Mario Osava , Integration and Development Brazilian-style , ... Biodiversity, Development & Aid, Environment, Global, Global Geopolitics, Headlines, Health, North America HEALTH: New Studies ... Tierramérica is a specialised news service produced by IPS with the backing of the United Nations Development Programme and the ... An Inequality Beyond Wealth: Gaps in Women's Health. Tharanga Yakupitiyage , Africa. To Eliminate Poverty, Better Understanding ...
ipsnews.net/2006/03/health-new-studies-back-benefits-of-organic-diet/

National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.Global Health Delivery ProjectSelf-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}Health policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)Community mental health service: Community mental health services (CMHS), also known as Community Mental Health Teams (CMHT) in the United Kingdom, support or treat people with mental disorders (mental illness or mental health difficulties) in a domiciliary setting, instead of a psychiatric hospital (asylum). The array of community mental health services vary depending on the country in which the services are provided.Maternal Health Task ForceHalfdan T. MahlerLifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Basic Occupational Health Services: The Basic Occupational Health Services are an application of the primary health care principles in the sector of occupational health. Primary health care definition can be found in the World Health Organization Alma Ata declaration from the year 1978 as the “essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially accepted methods, (…) it is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work (…)”.Contraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.United States Public Health ServiceNational Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board: The Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board (NPAIHB) is a non-profit tribal advisory organization in Portland, Oregon, run and organized by participating tribes. It was established in 1972 to focus on four areas as they pertain to the health of Native people: health promotion and disease prevention, legislative and policy analysis, training and technical assistance, and surveillance and research.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Aging (scheduling): In Operating systems, Aging is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation. Fixed priority scheduling is a scheduling discipline, in which tasks queued for utilizing a system resource are assigned a priority each.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Mental disorderBehavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Sharon Regional Health System: Sharon Regional Health System is a profit health care service provider based in Sharon, Pennsylvania. Its main hospital is located in Sharon; additionally, the health system operates schools of nursing and radiography; a comprehensive pain management center across the street from its main hospital; clinics in nearby Mercer, Greenville, Hermitage, and Brookfield, Ohio; and Sharon Regional Medical Park in Hermitage.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Red Moss, Greater Manchester: Red Moss is a wetland mossland in Greater Manchester, located south of Horwich and east of Blackrod. (Grid Reference ).Resource leak: In computer science, a resource leak is a particular type of resource consumption by a computer program where the program does not release resources it has acquired. This condition is normally the result of a bug in a program.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.Minati SenIntegrated catchment management: Integrated catchment management is a subset of environmental planning which approaches sustainable resource management from a catchment perspective, in contrast to a piecemeal approach that artificially separates land management from water management.Northeast Community Health CentreHealthy community design: Healthy community design is planning and designing communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. Healthy community design offers important benefits:Standard evaluation frameworkWomen's Health Initiative: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) was initiated by the U.S.Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.Brooks College of Health: The Brooks College of Health is a college at the University of North Florida. About 1,900 students are enrolled in the school,http://www.Poundage quota: A poundage quota, also called a marketing quota, is a quantitative limit on the amount of a commodity that can be marketed under the provisions of a permanent law. Once a common feature of price support programs, this supply control mechanism ended with the quota buyouts for peanuts in 2002 and tobacco in 2004.Essex School of discourse analysis: The Essex School constitutes a variety of discourse analysis, one that combines theoretical sophistication – mainly due to its reliance on the post-structuralist and psychoanalytic traditions and, in particular, on the work of Lacan, Foucault, Barthes, Derrida, etc. – with analytical precision, since it focuses predominantly on an in-depth analysis of political discourses in late modernity.Referral (medicine): In medicine, referral is the transfer of care for a patient from one clinician to another.García Olmos L, Gervas Camacho J, Otero A, Pérez Fernández M.Private healthcareParamedic: A paramedic is a healthcare professional, predominantly in the pre-hospital and out-of-hospital environment, and working mainly as part of emergency medical services (EMS), such as on an ambulance.European Immunization Week: European Immunization Week (EIW) is an annual regional initiative, coordinated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe), to promote immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases. EIW activities are carried out by participating WHO/Europe member states.Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.

(1/236) Demographic characteristics and primary health care utilization patterns of strictly orthodox Jewish and non-Jewish patients.

BACKGROUND: The importance of providing health care services that are acceptable to different cultural groups is widely acknowledged. Strictly orthodox Jewish communities have particular health care needs that reflect their religious teaching and beliefs. OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic characteristics and health care usage patterns of the strictly orthodox Jewish population of Gateshead. METHODS: Registration and claims data were used in combination with encounter data from computerized and manual practice records. Jewish patients were identified and comparisons made between Jewish and non-Jewish populations registered at the same practices. RESULTS: The orthodox Jewish population was predominantly young (69% aged under 20). The birth rate in orthodox Jewish women aged 20-44 was much higher (294 per 1000) than non-Jewish women. Rates of uptake of cervical screening and childhood immunizations were significantly lower in the orthodox Jewish population. Uptake of breast screening and attendance at diabetic clinics did not differ significantly. The average number of consultations and home visits per annum was higher in Jewish than in non-Jewish patients. CONCLUSIONS: The demographic and health care utilization patterns of orthodox Jewish and non-Jewish patients in Gateshead are different. There are implications for the provision of primary care services, particularly with regard to preventative health care.  (+info)

(2/236) Does reported health promotion activity neglect people with ill-health?

Considering health as an alternative to ill-health ignores the multidimensionality of both concepts and invites neglect of health promotion as a multidimensional activity in persons with known ill-health. Drawing on the Ottawa Charter and Maori perspectives of health, we interpret (ill) health according to people's ability to function in their environment by developing physical, psychological, social and spiritual resources for living. We use this framework to test empirically our hypothesis that although the concept of health promotion has always included people with ill-health, the practice of health promotion has continued to neglect them. Our exploratory review of articles published during 1989-99 and indexed on three electronic databases suggests widespread omission of people with ill-health from research on interventions for health promotion. Of 881 citations, approximately three-quarters included people without ill-health in any dimension. This finding could reflect a failure to include these people in health promotion, to describe activity to improve their health as health promotion, or both. Supporting the latter interpretation is uncertainty over the meaning of health, and the targeting of health promotion at groups at high risk of ill-health and 'all' persons. We need therefore to enable health promotion activity to include ill people explicitly.  (+info)

(3/236) The provision of modern medical services to a nomadic population: a review of medical services to the Bedouins of southern Sinai during Israeli rule 1967-1982.

Southern Sinai, a mountainous desolated arid area, is inhabited by Bedouin nomad tribes composed of Arabic-speaking Moslems. Until the Six Day War between Egypt and Israel in 1967, healthcare services in the region were based on traditional medicine performed by the Darvish, a local healer. Over the course of Israeli rule (1967-1982) an elaborate healthcare service was established and maintained, providing modern, up to date, comprehensive medical services that were available to all free of charge.  (+info)

(4/236) Tribal Self-Governance Amendments of 2000. Final rule.

The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) hereby issues this final rule to implement Title V of the Tribal Self-Governance Amendments of 2000 (the Act). The final rule has been negotiated among representatives of Self-Governance and non-Self- Governance Tribes and the DHHS. The final rule includes provisions governing how DHHS/Indian Health Service (IHS) carries out its responsibility to Indian Tribes under the Act and how Indian Tribes carry out their responsibilities under the Act. As required by section 517 (b) of the Act, the Department has developed this final rule with active Tribal participation of Indian Tribes, inter-Tribal consortia, Tribal organizations and individual Tribal members, using the guidance of the Negotiated Rulemaking Act.  (+info)

(5/236) An innovative path to improving cancer care in Indian country.

The Native American Cancer Survivors' Support Network is an innovative public health program designed to improve survival from cancer and the quality of life after a cancer diagnosis for American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Canadian Aboriginal patients and their loved ones. The Network, initiated in 1999, now has more than 300 survivors enrolled as members. This article briefly describes the process that led to its formation and preliminary findings, primarily for breast cancer survivors, of ongoing qualitative and quantitative research. Network data show patterns of cancer care that are partially responsible for poor survivorship outcomes.  (+info)

(6/236) Outreach and improved access to specialist services for indigenous people in remote Australia: the requirements for sustainability.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of specialist outreach in supporting primary health care and overcoming the barriers to health care faced by the indigenous population in remote areas of Australia, and to examine issues affecting its sustainability. DESIGN: A process evaluation of a specialist outreach service, using health service utilisation data and interviews with health professionals and patients. SETTING: The Top End of Australia's Northern Territory, where Darwin is the capital city and the major base for hospital and specialist services. In the rural and remote areas outside Darwin there are many small, predominantly indigenous communities, which are greatly disadvantaged by a severe burden of disease and limited access to medical care. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen remote health practitioners, five specialists undertaking outreach, five regional health administrators, and three patients from remote communities. MAIN RESULTS: The barriers faced by many remote indigenous people in accessing specialist and hospital care are substantial. Outreach delivery of specialist services has overcome some of the barriers relating to distance, communication, and cultural inappropriateness of services and has enabled an over fourfold increase in the number of consultations with people from remote communities. Key issues affecting sustainability include: an adequate specialist base; an unmet demand from primary care; integration with, accountability to and capacity building for a multidisciplinary framework centred in primary care; good communication; visits that are regular and predictable; funding and coordination that recognises responsibilities to both hospitals and the primary care sector; and regular evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: In a setting where there is a disadvantaged population with inadequate access to medical care, specialist outreach from a regional centre can provide a more equitable means of service delivery than hospital based services alone. A sustainable outreach service that is organised appropriately, responsive to local community needs, and has an adequate regional specialist base can effectively integrate with and support primary health care processes. Poorly planned and conducted outreach, however, can draw resources away and detract from primary health care.  (+info)

(7/236) Improving the health of future generations: the Canadian Institutes of Health Research Institute of Aboriginal Peoples' Health.

In the past and in the present, research studies and media reports have focused on pathology and dysfunction in aboriginal communities and have often failed to present a true and complete picture of the aboriginal experience. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research Institute of Aboriginal Peoples' Health is a national strategic research initiative led by both the aboriginal and research communities. This initiative aims to improve aboriginal health information, develop research capacity, better translate research into practice, and inform public health policy with the goal of improving the health of indigenous peoples.  (+info)

(8/236) Perspectives on American Indian health.

American Indians and Alaska Natives continue to experience significant disparities in health status compared with the US general population and now are facing the new challenges of rising rates of chronic diseases. The Indian health system continues to try to meet the federal trust responsibility to provide health care for American Indians and Alaska Natives despite significant shortfalls in funding, resources, and staff. New approaches to these Indian health challenges, including a greater focus on public health, community-based interventions, and tribal management of health programs, provide hope that the health of Indian communities will improve in the near future.  (+info)



People's Day


  • On Monday, October 9, the Native American Initiative (NAI), Nuestra Casa, and their partners celebrated Indigenous People's Day. (smcbhrsblog.org)
  • In this inaugural East Palo Alto Indigenous People's Day event, approximately 80 guests joined the organizers in celebrating and learning about indigenous healing practices and views of wellness. (smcbhrsblog.org)
  • While the event was enjoyed by all attendees, the acknowledgement of Indigenous People's Day is controversial for many Americans. (smcbhrsblog.org)
  • Last year, BHRS teams invited the NAI to join staff meetings and discuss the importance of indigenous experiences and acknowledging Indigenous People's Day. (smcbhrsblog.org)
  • In acknowledgment of the original inhabitants of this continent -American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians, San Mateo County's Behavioral Health and Recovery Services will close on Monday, October 9th in observance of Indigenous People's Day. (smcbhrsblog.org)
  • Honoring Indigenous People's Day helps provide indigenous communities with a stage to reveal historical truths of genocide and oppression as well as current injustices. (smcbhrsblog.org)
  • While still in the process of being recognized as an official San Mateo County holiday, Indigenous People's Day will be celebrated in San Mateo County for the first time on October 9th at the Ravenswood Family Health Center in East Palo Alto thanks to the efforts of Nuestra Casa, the Native American Initiative (NAI), and collaborating organizations. (smcbhrsblog.org)

Centre


  • To book an appointment at an Aboriginal Health Access Centre, go to the website of the Association of Ontario Health Centres ( www.aohc.org ), click on Find A Centre, and then type in your city and postal code. (cmha.ca)
  • Connect with the health centre in your community. (cmha.ca)
  • To find an Indigenous Friendship Centre, go to the Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres ( www.ofifc.org ) and click on Friendship Centres. (cmha.ca)

stigma


  • NAI and its members strive to reduce stigma, assist indigenous community members in accessing health care, and establish ongoing training opportunities for behavioral health staff and community partners. (smcbhrsblog.org)

Aboriginal


  • Find out about the Institute`s support for research to improve and promote the health and well-being of Aboriginal peoples in Canada. (gc.ca)
  • In Ontario, for instance, mental health services on reserves are "at best probably minimal and at worst non-existent," said Sol Mamakwa, health adviser for Nishnawbe Aski Nation, an organization representing 49 aboriginal communities within a vast area of the province's north. (ipolitics.ca)
  • Specifically, it suggests that greater emphasis must be given to meeting the health needs of Aboriginal people and providing resources for prevention and public health. (healthbulletin.org.au)
  • The recommendations of the paper consider management practices, reducing inequality in the system, for example Aboriginal health, priorities for limited resources and public health and prevention. (healthbulletin.org.au)
  • Aboriginal Child and Family Services. (cmha.ca)
  • Aboriginal Health Access Centres (AHACs). (cmha.ca)
  • This interactive map of Australia enables you to search for Aboriginal and Islander Health/Medical Services by state or territory. (edu.au)
  • The health and medical services shown on the map are members of state and territory peak bodies as well as the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), the peak body representing Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCH's) across Australia. (edu.au)

Mateo County


  • It also allows our San Mateo County community to celebrate indigenous resilience, resistance, and empowerment by connecting indigenous identity to something beyond controversies over sports teams and cultural appropriation. (smcbhrsblog.org)
  • The Office of Diversity and Equity (ODE) and the Native American Initiative (NAI) meet every month in the efforts to raise awareness of the Native American community in San Mateo County through health education and outreach. (smcbhrsblog.org)

peoples


  • Learn about dental benefits provided for First Nations and Inuit peoples under the Non-Insured Health Benefit program. (gc.ca)
  • Some community services are culture-based specifically for Indigenous peoples. (cmha.ca)

outcomes


  • The communities of Two Hills and Saddle Lake Cree Nation are working together to promote understanding and improve health outcomes. (albertahealthservices.ca)

practitioners


  • In areas such as Darwin and Alice Springs, where mental health practitioners are so far they need to be flown in, mental health delivery is costly. (socialscienceinsights.com)

approaches


  • Indigenous healing methods use holistic approaches that focus on the connection with family, community, spirituality and nature. (cmha.ca)

Ontario


  • There are a variety of services available for Indigenous children and youth in Ontario. (cmha.ca)
  • But there are many other CHCs in Ontario that serve both Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities. (cmha.ca)
  • There are 28 Friendship Centres in towns and cities across Ontario that offer various health and social services. (cmha.ca)
  • The association offers a variety of programs for Indigenous girls and women and their families in Ontario. (cmha.ca)
  • A variety of health centres, clinics, mental health agencies, psychiatric hospitals and psychiatric units at general hospitals provide mental health services in Ontario for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous youth. (cmha.ca)

communities


  • Indigenous communities in remote areas face problems of access and relevance when it comes to mental health services. (socialscienceinsights.com)
  • The thing with mental health in Indigenous communities is that it's normalised. (socialscienceinsights.com)
  • So rather than discussing them or trying to create an awareness of mental health, Indigenous communities are very aware of that. (socialscienceinsights.com)
  • Indigenous leaders say rampant child sexual abuse on many reserves across the country is an underlying contributor to mental health crises - particularly among young people - but a lack of funding and co-ordinated programs is leaving residents without desperately needed counselling services, which could help break the chain of despair and hopelessness enveloping entire communities. (ipolitics.ca)
  • This event will not only provide indigenous communities with a platform to raise awareness, but also recognizes a history of survival and perseverance. (smcbhrsblog.org)
  • Wellness in Indigenous communities and cultures is about being in balance and harmony. (cmha.ca)
  • Within Indigenous communities, health is about the whole person. (cmha.ca)
  • In response to years of colonization, residential schools, child welfare programs and intergenerational trauma, Indigenous communities have been challenged with high suicide rates, difficulties with substance abuse, and family violence. (cmha.ca)
  • Others are mainstream services offered to both Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities. (cmha.ca)
  • AHACs provide different types of health and social support services to First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities. (cmha.ca)

Organisations


  • We encourage organisations to link to the Australian Indigenous Health InfoNet on their websites, view information . (edu.au)

nursing care


  • Access the First Nations and Inuit home and community care program, health services and nursing care. (gc.ca)

physical


  • Learn about physical and mental health services, child and family services, non-insured health benefits, family violence prevention and more. (gc.ca)
  • Laura Calhoun is provincial medical director for Addiction and Mental Health in Alberta Health Services and believes mental health care should be just as easy to access as physical health care. (albertahealthservices.ca)

mental health s


  • Mental health services for children and youth can be provided in many different settings, as follows. (cmha.ca)
  • Mental health services include screening and assessment, intake, early intervention, referrals, case management, and aftercare (post-treatment) support using contemporary and traditional therapeutic interventions, such as healing circles and individual or group counselling. (cmha.ca)

workers


  • Rather than simply focusing on promoting services via social media or other technologies, Indigenous community workers say that grassroots efforts would be more effective. (socialscienceinsights.com)

diabetes


  • Find out how this initiative develops evidence based research in suicide prevention, tuberculosis, diabetes, obesity and oral health. (gc.ca)

Addiction


  • Dr. Nicholas Mitchell is the Senior Medical Director with the Alberta Health Services Addiction and Mental Health Strategic Clinical Network. (albertahealthservices.ca)
  • Services include mental health counselling, traditional healing and addiction programs, and youth empowerment. (cmha.ca)

youth


  • Mental health support for Indigenous youth. (socialscienceinsights.com)
  • There are many Child and Family Service agencies in the province that offer a broad range of mental health programs, including ones for children and youth. (cmha.ca)

programs


  • CONCLUSIONS: Less accessible and less effective health programs are as great a problem for cancer control as for other aspects of Indigenous health in Australia. (cancercouncil.com.au)

provide


  • The Health InfoNet respects such culturally sensitive issues, but, for technical reasons, it has not been possible to provide materials in a way that prevents access by a person of the other gender. (edu.au)
  • Nursing stations provide health services on reserves, but often have fewer services than CHCs in cities. (cmha.ca)

substance


  • If you are seeking mental health or substance use services, call the BHRS Access Call Center at (800) 686-0101 or visit smchealth.org . (smcbhrsblog.org)

Assessment


  • Terri Fortunaso is Seniors Health Director for Continuing Care, Palliative Care and Geriatric Assessment and Rehab, in AHS South Zone. (albertahealthservices.ca)

Cancer


  • OBJECTIVES: To summarize for the first time evidence of the impact of cancer on Indigenous Australians. (cancercouncil.com.au)
  • Indigenous Australians also have higher mortality and lower survival from cancer as a whole than other Australians. (cancercouncil.com.au)

child


  • Examples are Native Child and Family Services of Toronto and Kunuwanimano Child and Family Services in Timmins. (cmha.ca)

issues


  • So a campaign about mental-health issues won't really be effective, because, in the average Indigenous family, there's going to be all of these things, and they've been grown up with, and they're intergenerational. (socialscienceinsights.com)

improve


  • sharing their stories and insights about what's happening at AHS to improve Albertans' confidence and satisfaction in their health care system. (albertahealthservices.ca)

Find


  • Call the Mental Health Helpline at 1-866-531-2600 or find your local CMHA branch . (cmha.ca)