Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Community Networks: Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Power (Psychology): The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Primary Prevention: Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Preventive Medicine: A medical specialty primarily concerned with prevention of disease (PRIMARY PREVENTION) and the promotion and preservation of health in the individual.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Journalism: The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Great BritainHealth Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Health Communication: The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Community-Based Participatory Research: Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Holistic Health: Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Public-Private Sector Partnerships: An organizational enterprise between a public sector agency, federal, state or local, and a private sector entity. Skills and assets of each sector are shared to deliver a service or facility for the benefit or use of the general public.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Victoria: A state in southeastern Australia, the southernmost state. Its capital is Melbourne. It was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook and first settled by immigrants from Tasmania. In 1851 it was separated from New South Wales as a separate colony. Self-government was introduced in 1851; it became a state in 1901. It was named for Queen Victoria in 1851. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1295 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p574)Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Fitness Centers: Facilities having programs intended to promote and maintain a state of physical well-being for optimal performance and health.Schools: Educational institutions.Volunteers: Persons who donate their services.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)EnglandPatient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Persuasive Communication: A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Planning Techniques: Procedures, strategies, and theories of planning.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.United StatesPopulation Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Administrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.SwedenSocial Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Intervention Studies: Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.EuropeCultural Characteristics: Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Students, Nursing: Individuals enrolled in a school of nursing or a formal educational program leading to a degree in nursing.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Psychology, Social: The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.Healthy People Programs: Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Occupational Health Nursing: The practice of nursing in the work environment.Firefighters: Professional or volunteer members of a fire department who are trained to suppress fire and respond to related emergency.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.

*  Health Behavior in School-Aged Children, 1995-1996: [United States]

... monitor health-risk behaviors and attitudes in youth over time to provide background and identify targets for health promotion ... King, Alan, et al . The Health of Youth: A Cross-National Survey. A Report of the 1993-1994 Survey Results of Health Behaviour ... World Health Organization. Health Behavior in School-Aged Children, 1995-1996: [United States]. ICPSR03154-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: ... monitor health-risk behaviors and attitudes in youth over time to provide background and identify targets for health promotion ...

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*  Health Promotion International

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*  Office of Health Promotion Research : University of Vermont

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*  Office of Health Promotion Research : University of Vermont

Office of Health Promotion Research. Top Headlines. *12-10-2010 Heil Co-Authors NEJM Study on Effects of Treatment on Babies of ... Health Psychol. 1992;11(5):331-4.. We examined cessation among 630 smokers who quit abruptly on their own. Continuous, complete ... 12-01-2010 Falls Lecture to Examine Effect of Exercise on Emotional Health ...

*  Health promotion in higher education - Wikipedia

... utilizing a public health/population health model. Health promotion services often coordinate primary prevention and secondary ... health promotion programs work to support student success by creating healthy learning environments. Health promotion ... American College Health Association. "Standards of Practice for Health Promotion in Higher Education" (PDF). www.acha.org. ... The American College Health Association Standards of Practice for Health Promotion in Higher Education provides measurable ...

*  Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion - Wikipedia

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*  Californian Journal of Health Promotion - Wikipedia

The Californian Journal of Health Promotion is a peer-reviewed medical journal focusing on health education and health ... case studies of health educator, retired health educator, and health education student experiences in the field. Professional ... The journal was established in 2003 by Mark Tomita, an expert on the integration of technology into public health. Article ... promotion practice, teaching, research, and issues of interest to professionals in California and the surrounding Western ...

*  Health promotion with herbs Info Packet | Herb News

Be the first to review "Health promotion with herbs Info Packet" Click here to cancel reply. Your rating. Rate…. Perfect. Good ... Information on using herbs for health and longevity. It discusses the most commonly used, safe and effective herbs. There is ... Anti-carcinogenic and Anti-bacterial Properties of Selected Spices: Implications in Oral Health ... Health promotion with herbs Info Packet. $7.00. Health promotion with herbs Info Packet ...

*  Health Promotion | Lung Foundation Australia

Lung Foundation Australia has developed resources and for health professionals to promote lung health including the Lung Health ... Health Promotion. Lung Foundation Australia has developed resources and for health professionals to promote lung health ... Health Professionals *Health Professionals*Guidelines *Treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in Australia and New Zealand ... Lung Health. The lungsRecognising symptoms of lung diseaseLung testingSmoking CessationAsbestos AwarenessHealth Impacts of ...

*  Home Page | NMU Health Promotion

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*  General practitioner and health promotion: what patients think. | The BMJ

General practitioner and health promotion: what patients think. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984; 289 :534 ... The findings of this study suggest that greater participation by general practitioners in health promotion would be well ... Public Health England: Consultant in Public Health - Screening & Immunisation Lead Lincolnshire Partnership NHS Foundation ... General practitioner and health promotion: what patients think.. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984; 289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/ ...

*  Evaluation | Ontario Health Promotion E-Bulletin

Read more about Ontario Health Promotion Resource System Secretariat. Graduated Licensing System Evaluation, Interim Report '98 ... Informing Ontario health promoters since 1997.. © 1999-2017 Health Nexus. All rights reserved.. Contact us at [email protected] ... Read more about Information from the Second International Symposium on the Effectiveness of Health Promotion ... Read more about Planned Approach to Community Health: Guide for the Local Coordinator ...

*  Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport (Ontario) - Wikipedia

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*  Health Promotion - Courses - Study London

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*  Health Promotion in London, United Kingdom from King's College London

NHS and local authority health education and health promotion services and... ... Review Graduate Program details of Health Promotion in London United Kingdom from King's College London. For students from a ... NHS and local authority health education and health promotion services and voluntary agencies. To develop and enhance knowledge ... and appreciation of the social influences and context of health and health related practice. To develop awareness of modern ...

Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Health policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Global Health Delivery ProjectBehavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Basic Occupational Health Services: The Basic Occupational Health Services are an application of the primary health care principles in the sector of occupational health. Primary health care definition can be found in the World Health Organization Alma Ata declaration from the year 1978 as the “essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially accepted methods, (…) it is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work (…)”.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Halfdan T. MahlerStandard evaluation frameworkAging (scheduling): In Operating systems, Aging is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation. Fixed priority scheduling is a scheduling discipline, in which tasks queued for utilizing a system resource are assigned a priority each.Healthy community design: Healthy community design is planning and designing communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. Healthy community design offers important benefits:Contraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.Women's Health Initiative: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) was initiated by the U.S.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.Implementation research: Implementation research is the scientific study of methods to promote the uptake of research findings. Often research projects focus on small scale pilot studies or laboratory based experiments, and assume that findings can be generalised to roll out into a practice based domain with few changes.European Immunization Week: European Immunization Week (EIW) is an annual regional initiative, coordinated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe), to promote immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases. EIW activities are carried out by participating WHO/Europe member states.Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}FlexirentSharon Regional Health System: Sharon Regional Health System is a profit health care service provider based in Sharon, Pennsylvania. Its main hospital is located in Sharon; additionally, the health system operates schools of nursing and radiography; a comprehensive pain management center across the street from its main hospital; clinics in nearby Mercer, Greenville, Hermitage, and Brookfield, Ohio; and Sharon Regional Medical Park in Hermitage.Social marketing: Social marketing seeks to develop and integrate marketing concepts with other approaches to influence behaviors that benefit individuals and communities for the greater social good. It seeks to integrate research, best practice, theory, audience and partnership insight, to inform the delivery of competition sensitive and segmented social change programs that are effective, efficient, equitable and sustainable.Essex School of discourse analysis: The Essex School constitutes a variety of discourse analysis, one that combines theoretical sophistication – mainly due to its reliance on the post-structuralist and psychoanalytic traditions and, in particular, on the work of Lacan, Foucault, Barthes, Derrida, etc. – with analytical precision, since it focuses predominantly on an in-depth analysis of political discourses in late modernity.Australian National BL classChronic care: Chronic care refers to medical care which addresses pre-existing or long term illness, as opposed to acute care which is concerned with short term or severe illness of brief duration. Chronic medical conditions include asthma, diabetes, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, congestive heart disease, cirrhosis of the liver, hypertension and depression.Instruments used in preventive medicine: Instruments used specially in preventive medicine are as follows:Social history of England: The social history of England evidences many social changes the centuries. These major social changes have affected England both internally and in its relationship with other nations.Document-centric collaboration: Document-centric collaboration is a new approach to working together on projects online which puts the document and its contents at the centre of the process.Northeast Community Health CentreOutline of environmental journalism: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to environmental journalism:Resource leak: In computer science, a resource leak is a particular type of resource consumption by a computer program where the program does not release resources it has acquired. This condition is normally the result of a bug in a program.High-intensity interval training: High-intensity interval training (HIIT), also called high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) or sprint interval training (SIT), is an enhanced form of interval training, an exercise strategy alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods. HIIT is a form of cardiovascular exercise.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.RightOnCanada.ca: RightOnCanada.ca is an independent research and advocacy group based in Ottawa, Canada and is affiliated with the Rideau Institute.Open Fuel Standard Coalition: The Open Fuel Standard Coalition is a bipartisan group in the United States actively working for passage of H.R.Minati SenPoverty trap: A poverty trap is "any self-reinforcing mechanism which causes poverty to persist."Costas Azariadis and John Stachurski, "Poverty Traps," Handbook of Economic Growth, 2005, 326.

(1/7064) Latino children's health and the family-community health promotion model.

A majority of Latino children in the US live in poverty. However, unlike other poor children, Latino children do not seem to have a consistent association between poverty and poor health. Instead, many poor Latino children have unexpectedly good health outcomes. This has been labeled an epidemiologic paradox. This paper proposes a new model of health, the family-community health promotion model, to account for this paradox. The family-community health promotion model emphasizes the family-community milieu of the child, in contrast to traditional models of health. In addition, the family-community model expands the outcome measures from physical health to functional health status, and underscores the contribution of cultural factors to functional health outcomes. In this paper, we applied the family-community health promotion model to four health outcomes: low birthweight, infant mortality, chronic and acute illness, and perceived health status. The implications of this model for research and policy are discussed.  (+info)

(2/7064) Prizes for weight loss.

A programme of weight loss competitions and associated activities in Tonga, intended to combat obesity and the noncommunicable diseases linked to it, has popular support and the potential to effect significant improvements in health.  (+info)

(3/7064) Risky single-occasion drinking amongst young people--definition, correlates, policy, and intervention: a broad overview of research findings.

Risky single-occasion drinking (RSOD) has dire consequences upon health and well-being including unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS, crime, and car accidents. The prevalence of RSOD among young people is alarming. Despite this, as yet, a review of existing literature on RSOD amongst young people is lacking. This article will provide an overview of this area of research focusing on the definition of RSOD, its prevalence among young people, health and behavioural effects of RSOD, the perceived risk of RSOD among young people, and interventions to reduce RSOD in young people. In addition, recommendations are made for health educators interested in reducing the incidence of RSOD in young people.  (+info)

(4/7064) Restructuring the primary health care services and changing profile of family physicians in Turkey.

A new health-reform process has been initiated by Ministry of Health in Turkey. The aim of that reform is to improve the health status of the Turkish population and to provide health care to all citizens in an efficient and equitable manner. The restructuring of the current health system will allow more funds to be allocated to primary and preventive care and will create a managed market for secondary and tertiary care. In this article, we review the current and proposed primary care services models and the role of family physicians therein.  (+info)

(5/7064) Dietary isoflavones: biological effects and relevance to human health.

Substantial evidence indicates that diets high in plant-based foods may explain the epidemiologic variance of many hormone-dependent diseases that are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Western populations. There is now an increased awareness that plants contain many phytoprotectants. Lignans and isoflavones represent two of the main classes of phytoestrogens of current interest in clinical nutrition. Although ubiquitous in their occurrence in the plant kingdom, these bioactive nonnutrients are found in particularly high concentrations in flaxseeds and soybeans and have been found to have a wide range of hormonal and nonhormonal activities that serve to provide plausible mechanisms for the potential health benefits of diets rich in phytoestrogens. Data from animal and in vitro studies provide convincing evidence for the potential of phytoestrogens in influencing hormone-dependent states; although the clinical application of diets rich in these estrogen mimics is in its infancy, data from preliminary studies suggest beneficial effects of importance to health. This review focuses on the more recent studies pertinent to this field and includes, where appropriate, the landmark and historical literature that has led to the exponential increase in interest in phytoestrogens from a clinical nutrition perspective.  (+info)

(6/7064) Breastfeeding promotion and priority setting in health.

An increase in exclusive breastfeeding prevalence can substantially reduce mortality and morbidity among infants. In this paper, estimates of the costs and impacts of three breastfeeding promotion programmes, implemented through maternity services in Brazil, Honduras and Mexico, are used to develop cost-effectiveness measures and these are compared with other health interventions. The results show that breastfeeding promotion can be one of the most cost-effective health interventions for preventing cases of diarrhoea, preventing deaths from diarrhoea, and gaining disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). The benefits are substantial over a broad range of programme types. Programmes starting with the removal of formula and medications during delivery are likely to derive a high level of impact per unit of net incremental cost. Cost-effectiveness is lower (but still attractive relative to other interventions) if hospitals already have rooming-in and no bottle-feeds; and the cost-effectiveness improves as programmes become well-established. At an annual cost of about 30 to 40 US cents per birth, programmes starting with formula feeding in nurseries and maternity wards can reduce diarrhoea cases for approximately $0.65 to $1.10 per case prevented, diarrhoea deaths for $100 to $200 per death averted, and reduce the burden of disease for approximately $2 to $4 per DALY. Maternity services that have already eliminated formula can, by investing from $2 to $3 per birth, prevent diarrhoea cases and deaths for $3.50 to $6.75 per case, and $550 to $800 per death respectively, with DALYs gained at $12 to $19 each.  (+info)

(7/7064) Do tailored behavior change messages enhance the effectiveness of health risk appraisal? Results from a randomized trial.

Health risk appraisal (HRA) remains one of the most widely used health promotion tools despite only equivocal evidence for its effectiveness. Theories of behavior change predict conventional HRA's ineffectiveness because risk information alone is seldom sufficient to change complex behaviors. In this study, a randomized trial compared the effects of feedback from an enhanced HRA with a typical HRA and a control group among adult patients from eight family medicine practices. The enhanced HRA assessed behavior-specific psychosocial factors and provided patients with computer-generated, individually-tailored behavior change information in addition to typical HRA risk feedback. Changes in seven behaviors were assessed at a 6 month follow-up. Overall, patients receiving enhanced HRA feedback were 18% more likely to change at least one risk behavior than were patients receiving typical HRA feedback or no feedback (OR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.00, 1.39). The enhanced HRA feedback appeared to promote changes in cholesterol screening, dietary fat consumption and physical activity, but not in smoking, seat belt use, mammography and Pap smears. We conclude that the addition of theory-based, individually-tailored behavior change information may improve the effectiveness of HRA.  (+info)

(8/7064) Implementing a nationwide insecticide-impregnated bednet programme in The Gambia.

Earlier studies in The Gambia suggested that the use of impregnated bednets might prove to be a useful malaria control strategy. Based on the results of these studies, in 1992 the Government of The Gambia was encouraged to initiate a National Impregnated Bednet Programme (NIBP) as part of the National Malaria Control Programme Strategy. This paper describes the implementation process/procedure of the NIBP. Evaluation results showed that, overall, 83% of the bednets surveyed has been impregnated, and 77% of children under the age of five years and 78% of women of childbearing age were reported to be sleeping under impregnated bednets.  (+info)



Centre

  • Students who do not have any immunisation records or who have missed any of their earlier immunisations will be referred to the Student Health Centre (SHC) for the missed immunisations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. (diva-portal.org)

Practice

  • Health Promotion Practice is a bimonthly peer-reviewed public health journal covering the field of public health, especially the practical application of health promotion and education. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ovid Emcare A premium nursing and allied health database ideal for practice, research, or education. (ovid.com)
  • Health promotion professionals practice prevention to expand protective factors and reduce personal and community health risk factors, utilizing a public health/population health model. (wikipedia.org)
  • The American College Health Association Standards of Practice for Health Promotion in Higher Education provides measurable guidelines for enhancing the quality of prevention, health promotion, and wellness services at colleges and universities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Commission for Health Education Credentialing (NCHEC) works to improve the practice of health education and to serve the public and profession of health education by certifying health education specialists (also known as the CHES credential), which promotes professional and career development of health care education, preparation, and practice, all ideals thought to promote the delivery of health care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Standards of Practice for Health Promotion in Higher Education" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Californian Journal of Health Promotion is a peer-reviewed medical journal focusing on health education and health promotion practice, teaching, research, and issues of interest to professionals in California and the surrounding Western United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Article types published include: Editorials Professional Practice Theory and Research The Health Educator Experience - case studies of health educator, retired health educator, and health education student experiences in the field. (wikipedia.org)
  • To develop and enhance knowledge, understanding and critical reflection on theories and ideologies central to the notion of health, and appreciation of the social influences and context of health and health related practice. (gradschools.com)

workplace health promotion

  • Play media Workplace health promotion is the combined efforts of employers, employees, and society to improve the mental and physical health and well-being of people at work. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term workplace health promotion denotes a comprehensive analysis and design of human and organizational work levels with the strategic aim of developing and improving health resources in an enterprise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace health promotion combines alleviation of health risk factors with enhancement of health strengthening factors and seeks to further develop protection factors and health potentials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace health promotion is complementary to the discipline of occupational safety and health, which consists of protecting workers from hazards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Successful workplace health promotion strategies include the principles of participation, project management, integration, and comprehensiveness: Participation: all staff must be included in all program stages Project management: programs must be oriented toward the problem-solving cycle Integration: programs must be incorporated into company management practices and workplace health-promotion strategies should influence corporate planning Comprehensiveness: programs must incorporate interdisciplinary individual-directed and environment-directed health strategies. (wikipedia.org)
  • A report by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work notes growing evidence that significant cost savings can be made by implementing workplace health promotion strategies, and over 90% of United States workplaces with greater than 50 employees have health promotion programs in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strategies for workplace health promotion need to be inclusive to account for diversity in the workforce, and behavioral economics is a key tool for implementing workplace health programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States Department of Health and Human Services includes five strategic guidelines for workplace health promotion in its Healthy People 2010 initiative. (wikipedia.org)
  • More generally, workplace health promotion efforts are implemented at three functional levels, including: Level I: awareness programs such as newsletters, health fairs, and educational classes that may or may not directly improve individual health or influence behavioral change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Incentive-based Fitness Rewards Programs (FRPs) aim to influence employee behaviors and thereby conform to Level I. Approximately half of all current workplace health promotion programs are based on physical activity interventions given the relative ease by which employers can advocate such efforts to employees. (wikipedia.org)
  • In many cases, exercise-based workplace health promotion programs struggle to attract those who would benefit the most from such fitness efforts, including aging, sedentary, blue-collar, female, or less-educated employees. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 'workplace health promotion', empowerment is assumed to promote health. (diva-portal.org)
  • Study five ( paper V ) is a qualitative study, using focus-group interviews and phenomenography to evaluate a theory-based intervention method, problem-based learning, for workplace health promotion with regard to possible facilitation of empowerment processes. (diva-portal.org)

prevention

  • Work site health focus on the prevention and the intervention that reduce the health risks of the employee. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical Health Promotion is Prevention, which includes elements of health promotion and rehabilitation, which takes place in the health care system together with patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Board of Health, Denmark "Terminology: Prevention, health promotion and public health" 2005, p. 33. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health promotion services often coordinate primary prevention and secondary prevention on campus, operating as a functional area of College Health or Student Affairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Five action areas for health promotion were identified in the charter: Building healthy public policy Creating supportive environments Strengthening community action Developing personal skills Re-orienting health care services toward prevention of illness and promotion of health The basic strategies for health promotion were prioritized as: Advocate: Health is a resource for social and developmental means, thus the dimensions that affect these factors must be changed to encourage health. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport in the Canadian province of Ontario was responsible for the promotion of healthy living and disease prevention in the province. (wikipedia.org)
  • VII References - compiled by Alison Stirling, Ontario Prevention Clearinghouse and OHPE team member, from the Review of Dental and Oral Health Needs of Special Populations in Hamilton (Ernest Jodoin, Hamilton District Health Council) and Who has Access? (ohpe.ca)

World Health Organ

  • The World Health Organization has prioritized the workplace as a setting for health promotion because of the large potential audience and influence on all spheres of a person's life. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1996, VicHealth was recognised with the World Health Organization Medal for Excellence and the Active for Life program launched in schools to teach children about making exercise a healthy lifetime habit to prevent heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion is the name of an international agreement signed at the First International Conference on Health Promotion, organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) and held in Ottawa, Canada, in November 1986. (wikipedia.org)

peer-reviewed

  • Global Health Promotion is a quarterly peer-reviewed public health journal that covers health promotion and health education. (wikipedia.org)

Ministry

  • pinyin: Xīnjiāpō Bǎojiàn Cùjìn Jú) is a statutory board under the Ministry of Health (MOH) of Singapore. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between 2005 and July 2010, the organization's name was the Ministry of Health Promotion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the 2011 Ontario general election, the ministry was merged into the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is funded by the Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport, and is operated by Dietitians of Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its objectives include establishing, operating, and maintaining laboratory centers, providing laboratory services, and operating Ontario public health laboratories previously operated by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of December 15, 2008, the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care announced that all employees, programs, and functions of the Ontario Public Health Laboratories (OPHL) had been transferred to the OHAPP. (wikipedia.org)
  • The building currently houses offices of the Ministry of Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • In May 1984, the Ministry of Health (MOH) obtained approval from the government to restore and renovate both buildings. (wikipedia.org)

behavior change

  • These include: Health education, focused on skill development and lifestyle behavior change along with information dissemination and awareness building. (wikipedia.org)
  • A wellness intervention that includes 8 weeks of behavior change classes focused on acquiring the skills and knowledge to improve health behaviors (e.g., exercise, stress management), followed by 3 months of phone support. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A sample of 160 women with FMS will be recruited to participate in a randomized clinical study to determine the effects of this wellness intervention that includes an eight week health promotion/behavior change component and 3 months of follow-up phone support. (clinicaltrials.gov)

Oral Health Care Ser

  • The HPB implements the following health programmes while new programmes will also be initiated over time to address health concerns among the community: Health and dental services for school children:Pre-School: Oral Health Care Services for Pre-school: The Pre-School Oral Health Promotion Programme is carried out in the kindergartens by the dental therapists working in the school dental clinics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral Health Care Services for Primary School: The School Dental Service has a range of services to help the pupil maintain good oral health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral Health Care Services for Secondary School: The School Dental Service provides all Secondary 1 and Secondary 3 school pupils with dental checkups and basic dental treatment at their secondary school dental clinics/ mobile dental clinics. (wikipedia.org)

Organization

  • The Luxembourg Declaration provides that health and well-being of employees at work can be achieved through a combination of: Improving the organization and the working environment Promoting active participation Encouraging personal development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health Improvement and Promotion Alliance (HIP-Ghana) is a nonprofit organization headquartered in Seattle, WA. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Psychological Organization for the Promotion of Mental Health (POPMH) is an organization of the psychology societies and/or organizations of different universities and colleges in the Batangas province as well as in Laguna initiated by the Philippine Mental Health Association Lipa-Batangas Chapter. (wikipedia.org)

21st

  • Employer-sponsored activity interventions in the form of team sports originated as early as the 17th century in the United Kingdom, however, most 21st century interventions rely on employer sponsorship of employee access to health and fitness facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health 21 - Health for all in the 21st Century. (wikipedia.org)

determinants

  • Health promotion is "the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and thereby improve their health", according to the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2005 Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health promotion involves public policy that addresses health determinants such as income, housing, food security, employment, and quality working conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enable: Health equity must be reached where individuals must become empowered to control the determinants that affect their health, such that they are able to reach the highest attainable quality of life. (wikipedia.org)

behavioral

  • There is a tendency among public health officials and governments-and this is especially the case in neoliberal nations such as Canada and the USA-to reduce health promotion to health education and social marketing focused on changing behavioral risk factors. (wikipedia.org)

hazards

  • In addition to methods to change lifestyles, the WHO Regional Office advocated "legislation, fiscal measures, organisational change, community development and spontaneous local activities against health hazards" as health promotion methods. (wikipedia.org)

Programme

  • AIDS Education Programme: The Adult Health Division (AHD) targets general population, workplaces, and at-risk groups e.g. men who buy sex locally or overseas and young adults who engage in unprotected casual sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Health Promotion programme will equip you with the right balance of skills and knowledge for the world of work. (studylondon.ac.uk)
  • The lecturers and academic staff who manage and teach on this programme have a wealth of first'hand knowledge and experience of working in the health arena, and the students benefit greatly from this. (studylondon.ac.uk)

Organization's

  • Supportive social and physical environments, reflecting the organization's expectations regarding health behaviors and implementing policies promoting healthy behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Integration of the worksite program into the organization's benefits, human resources infrastructure, and environmental health and safety initiatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • The organization's mission is to provide a nonprofit environment with low overhead for health action, and basic and applied social and health research in urban slums in Africa. (wikipedia.org)

Ontario

  • The Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion (OAHPP), which has operated under the name Public Health Ontario since 2011, was established in 2008 by the Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion Act of 2007. (wikipedia.org)
  • OAHPP began operations in July 2008 with a mandate to provide scientific and technical advice to those working to protect and promote the health of Ontario residents. (wikipedia.org)
  • In early June 2011, the OAHPP announced that it would operate under the name Public Health Ontario beginning June 11, 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public Health Ontario. (wikipedia.org)

Secondary

  • Secondary School: Health Screening for Secondary School: The School Health Service (SHS) provides school-based health screening to secondary school students. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immunisation for Secondary School: During health screening, the health teams from the School Health Service (SHS) check and ensure that all students have completed their immunisations according to the National Childhood Immunisation Schedule. (wikipedia.org)
  • The target audience is patients and the arena may be primary or secondary care where professionals in interaction with patients are engaged in clinical health promotion. (wikipedia.org)

outcomes

  • Level II: lifestyle modification programs of 8 to 12 weeks duration that are available to employees on an ongoing basis and directly influence health outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Employee convenience to sponsored fitness facilities strongly influences program participation, and facilities located near employee locations of residence hold lower time costs, receive increased use, and yield better program and health outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The specific aims of this study are to examine the effects of the adapted wellness intervention on self-efficacy, resources, barriers, health behaviors and health outcomes for women with fibromyalgia. (clinicaltrials.gov)

conferences

  • http://www.who.int/healthpromotion/conferences/7gchp/en/ Ewles L, Simnett I (2005). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is under the Education & Information Services of the Philippine Mental Health Association - Lipa Batangas Chapter (PMHA-Lipa Batangas Chapter) under the Youth Life Enrichment Program whereas it is advocating mental health through conferences, seminar-workshops, and school-based mental health clubs. (wikipedia.org)

Services

  • Papers published in Health Promotion International highlight innovations from various sectors including education, health services, employment, legislation, the media, industry and community networks. (ovid.com)
  • For students from a variety of backgrounds including school teaching, nursing, medicine, dentistry, NHS and local authority health education and health promotion services and voluntary agencies. (gradschools.com)
  • IV Can Supply of Oral Health Professionals and Community Services Meet Demand? (ohpe.ca)
  • Homeless parolees pose a particular challenge for successful reentry into the community as they have underlying mental health issues combined with substance use and abuse and must contend with unstable housing situations, disorganized lives, unemployment, and limited access to health care and social services. (clinicaltrials.gov)

behaviors

  • Engaging in health-promoting behaviors is one strategy recommended to manage disease symptoms and enhance quality of life (USDHHS, 2000). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We hypothesize that women who participate in the 'Lifestyle Counts' Intervention will report more greater self-efficacy for health behaviors, more frequent health behaviors and more positive health and quality of life than women in the comparison group. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This wellness intervention, originally developed and tested in a randomized clinical trial of women with MS (N=113), resulted in significant improvements in self-efficacy, health behaviors and improvements in pain, social functioning, mental health and emotional role-functioning. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Content regarding stress management, lifestyle adjustment, physical activity, nutrition and women's health issues will be presented with an emphasis on the unique adaptations and associated skills required to empower women with the tools for exercising personal control over their health behaviors. (clinicaltrials.gov)

social

  • Health promotion is aligned with health equity and can be a focus of NGOs dedicated to social justice or human rights. (wikipedia.org)
  • political, economic, social, cultural, environmental, behavioural and biological factors] favourable through advocacy for health" "focuses on achieving equity in health" "demands coordinated action by all concerned: by governments, by health and other social organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • focusing on social connection, freedom from discrimination and economic participation as major factors impacting on mental health. (wikipedia.org)
  • working with councils to create healthier communities, and provide a resource to better equip councils to identify and respond to the built, social, economic and environmental issues that affect health and wellbeing in communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Health Promotion Office provides Northern Michigan University students with nonjudgmental information, support, and referral about a wide range of social, health-related issues to help in their ongoing decision-making processes. (nmu.edu)
  • To develop awareness of modern social theory and the relationship between health and society. (gradschools.com)
  • Papers III and IV encompass a two-year longitudinal survey study of the gender-specific relationships between baseline levels of psychological empowerment, and the combination of psychological support and social support, and self-rated health and burnout two years later among employees. (diva-portal.org)
  • 0.05) with better self-rated health (bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, emotional role, mental health, EQ-5D VAS, and EQ-5D index) and lower levels of work-related burnout at the 2-year follow-up. (diva-portal.org)
  • The impact on health becomes more extensive when psychological empowerment is combined with social support at the workplace. (diva-portal.org)
  • HIP-Ghana embraces the goals of research in support of community based change, and realize that health is a product of underlying social inequality, environmental degradation, and fundamental biologic processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • It also aims to train the youth to become crusaders of mental health, by helping them become aware of themselves, their environment and social issues pertinent to mental health. (wikipedia.org)

environments

  • In higher education, health promotion programs work to support student success by creating healthy learning environments. (wikipedia.org)

environmental

  • Women with chronic disabling conditions such as fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) must manage a wide variety of disease-related, intrapersonal, and environmental demands to maintain their health and quality of life. (clinicaltrials.gov)

healthy

  • Another predecessor of the definition was the 1979 Healthy People report of the Surgeon General of the United States, which noted that health promotion "seeks the development of community and individual measures which can help. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the Ottawa Charter, health promotion:"is not just the responsibility of the health sector, but goes beyond healthy life-styles to well-being" "aims at making. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1995, VicHealth launched Healthy Families of the Future, a program to improve mental health and wellbeing within families. (wikipedia.org)

programs

  • Links between health promotion and related programs like employee assistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • With a focus on promoting good health and preventing chronic disease, it leads and advocates for excellence in health-promoting policies and programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, Quit, Heart Health and other health promotion programs replaced tobacco sponsorships. (wikipedia.org)
  • The establishment of comprehensive health education programs situated within existing community groups. (wikipedia.org)

physical activity

  • The U.S. Public Health Service recently issued a report titled "Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General" which provides a comprehensive review of the available scientific evidence about the relationship between physical activity and an individual's health status. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is very strong evidence linking physical activity to numerous health improvements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of clinical health promotion are: Smoking cessation for pregnant women Alcohol cessation before surgery Physical activity program for mentally ill Diabetes education Control of asthma patients. (wikipedia.org)

rehabilitation

  • Clinical health promotion emanates from the health care system where the patient is the active/activated part and hence the efforts also include elements of health promotion and rehabilitation. (wikipedia.org)

Research

  • In 1989, VicHealth funded significant research into Alzheimer's disease at the Mental Health Research Institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • Population Health Improvement Research Network. (wikipedia.org)

statutory

  • 144.968634 The Victorian Health Promotion Foundation is a statutory authority in the Australian state of Victoria, originally funded by hypothecated taxation raised by the Victorian Tobacco Act 1987. (wikipedia.org)

empowerment

  • Nevertheless, few studies have examined the relationship between empowerment in working life, and health. (diva-portal.org)
  • To study the impact of empowerment in working life on health, with special focus on gender differences. (diva-portal.org)
  • The second study ( paper II ) was a cross-sectional survey, assessing the relationship between psychological empowerment, and self-rated health and burnout among employees. (diva-portal.org)
  • Men and women with higher levels of empowerment reported significantly better health, compared with those who had lower levels of empowerment. (diva-portal.org)
  • This thesis demonstrates that psychological empowerment is associated with self-rated health and burnout. (diva-portal.org)
  • Psychological empowerment also impacts mental and somatic health after two years. (diva-portal.org)

chronic

  • The purpose of this four-year study is to refine and test a theoretically and empirically based intervention to promote the health and well being of women with the chronic disabling condition of fibromyalgia. (clinicaltrials.gov)

mental

  • promoting mental health and wellbeing. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2008, VicHealth hosted the 2008 World Conference on the Promotion of Mental Health in Melbourne. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you or someone you know is experiencing a crisis, use these resources to get help from mental health professionals. (nmu.edu)

Sciences

community

  • Among the settings that have received special attention are the community, health care facilities, schools, and worksites. (wikipedia.org)
  • The MOTION program launched, aimed at improving people's health by giving them opportunities to get creative, active and involved in their local community through the arts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Health Promotion Society wants you to join and help us make Marquette a healthier, happier community is encouraged to join! (nmu.edu)
  • A qualitative health survey based upon community perceptions of health priorities and needs. (wikipedia.org)

tobacco

  • It was the first health promotion body in the world to be funded by a tax on tobacco. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1987, the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth) was established with funding from government-collected tobacco taxes and mandated to promote health in the State of Victoria. (wikipedia.org)

practices

  • This is akin to the requirements and practices of many other health professions, including physicians (ACCME), pharmacists (ACPE), and nurses (ANCC). (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus we sent a copy of a self administered questionnaire (the Health Survey Questionnaire) to 3452 patients aged 17-70 who were registered with two practices in north west London. (bmj.com)

participation

  • Although there has been growing interest in general practitioners' participation in promoting health, little is known about the attitudes of their patients. (bmj.com)
  • The findings of this study suggest that greater participation by general practitioners in health promotion would be well received by most patients and that currently there may be considerable discrepancies between patients' expectations and their perception of their general practitioner's interest in these areas of preventive medicine. (bmj.com)

curative

  • Health promotion is focused on preventative healthcare rather than a medical model of curative care. (wikipedia.org)

incorporate

  • More recent work has used the term Health in All Policies to refer to the actions to incorporate health into all public policies. (wikipedia.org)

general

  • General practitioner and health promotion: what patients think. (bmj.com)
  • Wallace P G , Haines A P . General practitioner and health promotion: what patients think. (bmj.com)
  • or 3) a Usual Care (UC) control program, which includes brief general health information, one-on-one coaching and the HAV/HBV vaccine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • UC Control Group: One brief general health information program, one-on-one coaching and the Hepatitis A/B vaccine. (clinicaltrials.gov)

Strategies

  • In 2007, VicHealth supported a State Government ban on the sale of alcopop tubes and created the Victorian Health Inequalities Network to encourage public dialogue about the development of coherent strategies to reduce inequalities. (wikipedia.org)

guidelines

  • Guidelines for Hiring Health Promotion Professionals in Higher Education" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)

Office of Health Promotion

  • Schedule an appointment with the Office of Health Promotion for your Individual Health Plan (iHP). (bc.edu)

depend

  • Health literacy can be developed in schools, while aspects of health promotion such as breastfeeding promotion can depend on laws and rules of public spaces. (wikipedia.org)

society

  • It was established in 2000 and is published by Sage Publications on behalf of the Society for Public Health Education. (wikipedia.org)

promote

  • Better known as VicHealth, the organisation has a mandate to promote good health for all Victorians. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1994, VicHealth held its first national conference to examine the pioneering developments of working with sport and art organisations to promote health. (wikipedia.org)

provides

  • Vision Screening for Pre-School: The Health Promotion Board (HPB) provides vision screening to 5 and 6-year-old children (K1 and K2) in kindergartens and childcare centres. (wikipedia.org)

international

  • It was established in 1994 and is currently published by SAGE Publications on behalf of International Union for Health Promotion and Education. (wikipedia.org)
  • It launched a series of actions among international organizations, national governments and local communities to achieve the goal of "Health For All" by the year 2000 and beyond through better health promotion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The thirtieth WHO World Health Assembly, held in 1977, had highlighted the importance of promoting health so that all the international citizens had an "economically productive" level of health by the year 2000. (wikipedia.org)

actions

  • Reducing health inequalities - proposals for health promotion and actions. (wikipedia.org)