Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Societies, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Great BritainHealth Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Consensus: General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.EuropeUnited States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Health Planning Support: Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)EnglandCommunity Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Schools, Public Health: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.United StatesFollow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Health Communication: The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Disease Management: A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Health Fairs: Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Medical Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of medical care.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Diffusion of Innovation: The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.Process Assessment (Health Care): An evaluation procedure that focuses on how care is delivered, based on the premise that there are standards of performance for activities undertaken in delivering patient care, in which the specific actions taken, events occurring, and human interactions are compared with accepted standards.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Decision Making, Computer-Assisted: Use of an interactive computer system designed to assist the physician or other health professional in choosing between certain relationships or variables for the purpose of making a diagnostic or therapeutic decision.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Occupational Health Nursing: The practice of nursing in the work environment.Prepaid Health Plans: Contracts between an insurer and a subscriber or a group of subscribers whereby a specified set of health benefits is provided in return for a periodic premium.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.BrazilDecision Support Systems, Clinical: Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.): An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Health Transition: Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.

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US Family Health Plan. * US Family Health Plan is a TRICARE Prime® option. It is a permanent part of the Military Health System ... The Plan pays for other covered services when they are authorized in advance by US Family Health Plan. ... When both your PCP and the Plan authorize you to get care outside of the referral network, it is covered by the Plan. ... The Plan will see if that particular service could be provided inside the network. If authorized, you will receive your copy of ...
usfhpnw.org/index.cfm/members/referral-guidelines/

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White House says 51% of company health plans won't meet Obamacare guidelines ... Even they can't ignore the dishonesty that was used to sell the health care overhaul:. Over and over in the health care debate ... employer-based health care plans.. Draft copies of the documents were reportedly leaked to House Republicans earlier in the ... will be forced to make changes to their health plans, but Obama said over and over again that people who like their current ...
lafayettecountyrepublicans.blogspot.com/2010/06/white-house-says-51-of-company-health.html

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Delivery of Health Care*. Emigrants and Immigrants. Female. Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice. Health Planning Guidelines* ... 10 Knowledge about existing health conditions, planned itineraries, and pre-travel health care of this large traveling ... health care consortia, health maintenance organizations, pharmacy-based clinics, private practices, and public health clinics. ... and pre-travel health care of VFR travelers who sought pre-travel health advice and identify areas in which the care of this ...
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SECRETARY OF UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES. Read the Court's full decision on FindLaw. ... group health plans and health insurance issuers are required to provide coverage consistent with the HRSA guidelines in plan ... a tax on any failure of a group health plan to meet the requirements of chapter 100 (relating to group health plan requirements ... See Women's Preventive Services: Required Health Plan Coverage Guidelines, available at www.hrsa.gov/womensguidelines (last ...
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Neighborhood Health Plan 1 Provider Payment Guidelines CODING Policy The terms of this policy set forth the guidelines for ... Geisinger Health Plan Geisinger Health Plan Companion Guide for the 820 Payroll Deducted and Other Group Premium Payment for ... Health Level Seven International Unlocking the Power of Health Information Health Level Seven International Unlocking the Power ... AHIC American Health Information Community - see: AHIP America's Health Insurance Plans (an organization) AHRQ Agency for ...
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*  2018 NASPA Well-being and Health Promotion Leadership Conference: A NASPA Strategies Conference

Using CAS Guidelines to Integrate Varying Guidance into Health Promotion Strategic Planning. Paula Adams, associate director, ... Using CAS Guidelines to Integrate Varying Guidance into Health Promotion Strategic Planning. Paula Adams, associate director, ... "Navigating health promotion: your role in creating a health promoting campus" Paula Swinford, director, student health ... "Navigating health promotion: your role in creating a health promoting campus" Paula Swinford, director, student health ...
https://naspa.org/events/2018scwhpl

*  Health Education, Food and Services

... links include: Breastfeeding, Child and Adult Care Food Program, Referrals to Nutritionists ... Guidelines for Services & Planning. * Family & Community Health. * Special Health Needs in Children ... Guidelines for Healthy Eating in Early Education Settings, MA Children at Play ... WIC is a nutrition program that provides nutrition and health education, healthy food, breastfeeding support and other services ...
mass.gov/eohhs/provider/guidelines-resources/services-planning/family-health/perinatal-early-child-special-needs/child-care-health-and-safety/obesity-prevention/health-education-obesity/

*  Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act - Wikipedia

Title III sets guidelines for pre-tax medical spending accounts, Title IV sets guidelines for group health plans, and Title V ... Some health care plans are exempted from Title I requirements, such as long-term health plans and limited-scope plans such as ... Covered entities include health plans, health care clearinghouses, such as billing services and community health information ... This is supposed to simplify health care transactions by requiring all health plans to engage in health care transactions in a ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIPPA

*  NEHTA publishes health identifier plan | ZDNet

466.7 million electronic health identifier and electronic record project will be implemented over the coming years, and how it ... The nation's peak e-health group has released a comprehensive set of documents that outline how the Federal Government's $ ... NEHTA publishes health identifier plan. The nation's peak e-health group has released a comprehensive set of documents that ... The organisation is planning to collaborate with key organisations that would be prepared to get involved early, which will ...
zdnet.com/article/nehta-publishes-health-identifier-plan/

*  Apple succession planning key topic amid Jobs health worries | ZDNet

However, the company is likely to be pushed on succession planning as worries about the CEO's health resurface. ... Apple succession planning key topic amid Jobs health worries. Apple's shareholder meeting is likely to celebrate stellar ... In the meantime, Jobs is focusing on his health and Apple's strategic decisions such as the latest subscription plan at the App ... What's unclear is whether this succession plan proposal takes on greater urgency amid tabloid reports that Jobs' health is ...
zdnet.com/article/apple-succession-planning-key-topic-amid-jobs-health-worries/

*  Thesis Preparation Guidelines

Search the Health Library. Get the facts on diseases, conditions, tests and procedures. ... Specific guidelines for the Ph.D. dissertation are provided by the Graduate Board of the Johns Hopkins University. ... The final approved thesis (see Thesis Defense Guidelines) must be submitted to and approved by the university's Thesis Office ... The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. All rights reserved. ...
hopkinsmedicine.org/pharmacology_molecular_sciences/grad_program/current_students/thesis_preparation.html

*  Home Health Nursing: Nursing Diagnosis And Care Plans 1st Edition | Rent 9780838538425 | 0838538428

Book condition guidelines. New (perfect condition). Pages are clean and are not marked by notes, highlighting or fold. ... Bedrosian is the author of 'Home Health Nursing: Nursing Diagnosis And Care Plans', published 1988 under ISBN 9780838538425 and ... Home Health Nursing: Nursing Diagnosis And Care Plans. Home Health Nursing: Nursing Diagnosis And Care Plans ...
https://valorebooks.com/textbooks/home-health-nursing-nursing-diagnoses-care-plans/9780838538425?display_type=2&nft=1

*  Massachusetts Health Quality Partners

Guidelines and Action Plans. *Pediatric Preventive Care Guidelines*Perinatal Care Guidelines *Immunization Schedules *Asthma ... Guidelines and Action Plans. MHQP developed and disseminates best practice and routine care guidelines for adult preventive ... Massachusetts Child Health Quality Coalition MHQP is a founding member of the Massachusetts Child Health Quality Coalition, ... Quality Health Care Brochures. MHQP and Consumer Reports developed this educational brochure that explains how patients can ...
mhqp.org/products_and_tools/

*  Horizontal Merger Guidelines Review Project #545095-00009 | Federal Trade Commission

Pleased see the attached documents, submitted by America's Health Insurance Plans. 545095-00009.pdf (730.81 KB) ... Horizontal Merger Guidelines Review Project #545095-00009 Horizontal Merger Guidelines Review Project #545095-00009 November 6 ... P092900; Horizontal Merger Guidelines Review Project: A Series of Five Joint FTC-DOJ Workshops ...
https://ftc.gov/policy/public-comments/comment-545095-00009

*  "Evaluation of a Multisite Asthma Program Initiative: Linking Program Activities with Distal Outcomes to Demonstrate Systems...

Program planning; Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines; Public health or related ... They used best practice interventions and planned to document that systems changes did indeed improve care as measured by ... Our team worked with program staff and developed a plan to document both program level evaluation and cross site measures ( ... Program planning; Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines; Public health or related ...
https://works.bepress.com/simone_charles/21/

*  Iron Balance: The New 'Iron-Lite' Health Plan That Restores Your Inner Vitality | Rent 9780312063801 | 0312063806

Book condition guidelines. New (perfect condition). Pages are clean and are not marked by notes, highlighting or fold. ... Lauffer, Randall B. is the author of 'Iron Balance: The New "Iron-Lite" Health Plan That Restores Your Inner Vitality' with ... Iron Balance: The New 'Iron-Lite' Health Plan That Restores Your Inner Vitality ... Iron Balance: The New 'Iron-Lite' Health Plan That Restores Your Inner Vitality ...
https://valorebooks.com/textbooks/iron-balance-the-new-iron-lite-health-plan-that-restores-your-inner-vitality/9780312063801

*  Health Service Availability

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2011a). Women's Preventive Services: Required Health Plan Coverage Guidelines. ... American College Health Association. (2011a). American College Health Association - National college health assessment II: ... Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 43, 88-93.. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2010). Compilation of ... U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2011b). New Rule Ensures Students Get Health Insurance Protections of the ...
ejhs.org/volume15/Health.html

*  Practical Guideline for Dispensing at Higher Level Health Centres 2015 | Ministry of Health

The 2nd Uganda National Family Planning Conference. Date: 11 Sep, 2017. * Merck Foundation Reaffirms Commitment to Support ... Practical Guideline for Dispensing at Higher Level Health Centres 2015. The PGD HL 2015 is easy to use, allowing the dispenser ... Revised Uganda Clinical Guidelines and Essential Medicines Supply List Launched. Date: 19 Sep, 2017 ...
health.go.ug/content/practical-guideline-dispensing-higher-level-health-centres-2015

*  Manuals and Guidelines :Facilities Planning:NYSED

Guidelines for Health and Safety Committee. *State Building Aid Guidelines (122KB) 7/28/04 ... Manuals and Guidelines Manuals and Guidelines *MANUAL OF PLANNING STANDARDS*1998 Manual of Planning Standards (583KB) 03/01/98 ... Instructional Technology Planning Guidelines. *Guidelines for Successful Supervision of School District Capital Construction ... Facilities Needs Assessment Summary Simplifies Longe-Range Plan Requirement (5KB). *1925 Laws, Rules and Info Relating to ...
p12.nysed.gov/facplan/ManualsGuidelines.html

*  Hidalgo Health & Fitness - Deals in Hidalgo, TX | Groupon

Health & Fitness deals in Hidalgo, TX: 50 to 90% off deals in Hidalgo. $11.99 for One Year of Unlimited Online Yoga from The ... and meal-plan guidelines,/p,','shortAnnouncementTitle':'Personal Training ','endRedemptionAt':null,'startAt':'2015-12-09T06:00: ... Health & Fitness','shortName':'Health & Fitness','singular':'Health & Fitness','plural':'Health & Fitness','url':'health-and- ... tax-day-2016-health-beauty','name':'tax-day-2016-health-beauty','description':'tax-day-2016-health-beauty'},{'id':'groupon-sale ...
https://groupon.com/local/hidalgo-tx/health-and-fitness

*  BMJ Blogs: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care blog » research

Stay in touch with News, Views, Updates, Guidelines and information by signing up to email alerts. Click on the link on the ... Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care blog. Subscribe to the Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive ... Journal of Family Planning blog. For readers of the journal and health professionals in contraception and sexual health care.. ... The Department of Health should publish its planned sexual health policy document without further delay and ensure that it sets ...
blogs.bmj.com/jfprhc/tag/research/

*  Book Review Warrior Goddess Training - Holistic Health

Three are no step by step guidelines or one simple action plan. Each chapter has exercises and suggestions on what to do next. ... BellaOnline's Holistic Health Editor. Book Review Warrior Goddess Training. There are many books out there about how to be your ... For FREE email updates, subscribe to the Holistic Health Newsletter Past Issues ... Health & Fitness. Hobbies & Crafts. Home & Garden. Money. News & Politics. Relationships. Religion & Spirituality. Sports. ...
bellaonline.com/articles/art25111.asp

*  Process Risk and Reliability Management - 1st Edition

Emergency Response Planning Guidelines (ERPGs). Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL) ... Audit Guidelines. Elements of PSM 1. Employee Participation Written Plan of Action Consultation Access to Information 2. ... Step 4 - Develop a Plan Goals Resources Needed Develop a Schedule Reviews and Signatures Step 5 - Implement the Plan Step 6 - ... Health, Safety & Environmental Programs Environmental / Sustainability. Health Safety Quality Management Statistical Process ...
https://elsevier.com/books/process-risk-and-reliability-management/sutton/978-1-4377-7805-2

*  Acting on Australia's Weight: a Strategic Plan for the Prevention of Overweight and Obesity | National Health and Medical...

Guidelines & Publications. *Acting on Australia's Weight: a Strategic Plan for the Prevention of Overweight and Obesity ... A summary report that contains the strategic plan and a summary of the scientific evidence that supports the strategic plan. ... The aim of the strategic plan is to prevent overweight and obesity by bringing about changes in the environments in which ... A complete report that contains a strategic plan for the prevention of overweight and obesity and a series of technical ...
https://nhmrc.gov.au/guidelines-publications/n21-n22

*  Bone Sarcomas: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines | ESMO

Advanced care planning in palliative care • Bone health in cancer patients • Cancer, fertility and pregnancy • Management of ... Pocket Guidelines & Mobile App. Download the new version of our App with the latest Pocket Guidelines for professionals and ... Guidelines News. Keep up to date with news about ESMO guidelines, including the latest CPG publications, updated ... ESMO Guidelines Methodology. To assist those using and/or evaluating the ESMO Guidelines, download the methodology here ...
esmo.org/Guidelines/Sarcoma-and-GIST/Bone-Sarcomas

National Clinical Guideline CentreSelf-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Global Health Delivery ProjectHealth policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)Halfdan T. MahlerBehavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Contraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.Bestbets: BestBETS (Best Evidence Topic Reports) is a system designed by emergency physicians at Manchester Royal Infirmary, UK. It was conceived as a way of allowing busy clinicians to solve real clinical problems using published evidence.European Immunization Week: European Immunization Week (EIW) is an annual regional initiative, coordinated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe), to promote immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases. EIW activities are carried out by participating WHO/Europe member states.Aging (scheduling): In Operating systems, Aging is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation. Fixed priority scheduling is a scheduling discipline, in which tasks queued for utilizing a system resource are assigned a priority each.National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.Women's Health Initiative: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) was initiated by the U.S.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}Healthy community design: Healthy community design is planning and designing communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. Healthy community design offers important benefits:Sharon Regional Health System: Sharon Regional Health System is a profit health care service provider based in Sharon, Pennsylvania. Its main hospital is located in Sharon; additionally, the health system operates schools of nursing and radiography; a comprehensive pain management center across the street from its main hospital; clinics in nearby Mercer, Greenville, Hermitage, and Brookfield, Ohio; and Sharon Regional Medical Park in Hermitage.Donald Guthrie (physician)Resource leak: In computer science, a resource leak is a particular type of resource consumption by a computer program where the program does not release resources it has acquired. This condition is normally the result of a bug in a program.Minati SenNortheast Community Health CentreClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Implementation research: Implementation research is the scientific study of methods to promote the uptake of research findings. Often research projects focus on small scale pilot studies or laboratory based experiments, and assume that findings can be generalised to roll out into a practice based domain with few changes.Maternal Health Task ForceDenplanBasic Occupational Health Services: The Basic Occupational Health Services are an application of the primary health care principles in the sector of occupational health. Primary health care definition can be found in the World Health Organization Alma Ata declaration from the year 1978 as the “essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially accepted methods, (…) it is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work (…)”.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.Standard evaluation frameworkAge adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) is a statistic used in cost-effectiveness analysis to summarise the cost-effectiveness of a health care intervention. It is defined by the difference in cost between two possible interventions, divided by the difference in their effect.Essence (Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics): Essence is the United States Department of Defense's Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics. Essence's goal is to monitor health data as it becomes available and discover epidemics and similar health concerns before they move out of control.Cancer screeningTime-trade-off: Time-Trade-Off (TTO) is a tool used in health economics to help determine the quality of life of a patient or group. The individual will be presented with a set of directions such as:Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.Integrated catchment management: Integrated catchment management is a subset of environmental planning which approaches sustainable resource management from a catchment perspective, in contrast to a piecemeal approach that artificially separates land management from water management.Netherlands national rollball team: Vishwaraj JadejaProportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.

(1/373) An economic evaluation of "Health for All".

The World Health Organization's 'Global Strategy' is an ambitious vision, but to achieve its goals it must first be implemented. Implementation will require careful and detailed planning. This paper evaluates the possibilities of transforming the Global Strategy from a laudable policy initiative into an actual 'Plan for Health', from the point of view of a health economist. This economic evaluation assesses the probable costs of implementing various activities of the Strategy, and the likelihood that developing countries will be able to afford these costs, either on their own, or with the assistance of the developed countries. A final section considers the current global situation and presents trends over the last two decades. The numbers of countries that have already achieved the goals of the Strategy, that can be expected to achieve the goals of the Strategy by the year 2000, and that are unlikely to achieve these goals (on the basis of current trends) are shown. The WHO 'success indicator' based on numbers of countries is compared to a more epidemiological one based on deciles of the world's population. It is argued that, even several years after the initiation of the Global Strategy, insufficient information exists on the next logical step of transforming the Policy into a Plan. Unless adequate attention is paid to this vital step, implementation of the Strategy will inevitably be ad hoc and patchy. Further research on the costs of the activities proposed by the Global Strategy, and the probable effects on health of those activities, is desperately needed.  (+info)

(2/373) Using problem structuring methods in strategic planning.

In this paper we present approaches to problem structuring that have been employed to derive planning guidelines as part of a comprehensive strategic planning process. The approaches were developed for use in the context of a developing country, where quantitative data is particularly scarce. They rely heavily upon the informed judgement of technical planning officers. We discuss ways of ensuring that the approach remains flexible and participative.  (+info)

(3/373) Practice guidelines for the management of patients with histoplasmosis. Infectious Diseases Society of America.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this guideline is to provide recommendations for treating patients with the more common forms of histoplasmosis. PARTICIPANTS AND CONSENSUS PROCESS: A working group of 8 experts in this field was convened to develop this guideline. The working group developed and refined the guideline through a series of conference calls. OUTCOMES: The goal of treatment is to eradicate the infection when possible, although chronic suppression may be adequate for patients with AIDS and other serious immunosuppressive disorders. Other important outcomes are resolution of clinical abnormalities and prevention of relapse. EVIDENCE: The published literature on the management of histoplasmosis was reviewed. Controlled trials have been conducted that address the treatment of chronic pulmonary and disseminated histoplasmosis, but clinical experience and descriptive studies provide the basis for recommendations for other forms of histoplasmosis. VALUE: Value was assigned on the basis of the strength of the evidence supporting treatment recommendations, with the highest value assigned to controlled trials, according to conventions established for developing practice guidelines. BENEFITS AND COSTS: Certain forms of histoplasmosis cause life-threatening illnesses and result in considerable morbidity, whereas other manifestations cause no symptoms or minor self-limited illnesses. The nonprogressive forms of histoplasmosis, however, may reduce functional capacity, affecting work capacity and quality of life for several months. Treatment is clearly beneficial and cost-effective for patients with progressive forms of histoplasmosis, such as chronic pulmonary or disseminated infection. It remains unknown whether treatment improves the outcome for patients with the self-limited manifestations, since this patient population has not been studied. Other chronic progressive forms of histoplasmosis are not responsive to pharmacologic treatment. TREATMENT OPTIONS: Options for therapy for histoplasmosis include ketoconazole, itraconazole, fluconazole, amphotericin B (Fungizone; Bristol-Meyer Squibb, Princeton, NJ), liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome; Fujisawa, Deerfield, IL), amphotericin B colloidal suspension (ABCD, or Amphotec; Seques, Menlo Park, CA), and amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC, or Abelcet; Liposome, Princeton, NJ).  (+info)

(4/373) Health impact assessment: a tool for healthy public policy.

Healthy Public Policy is one of the key health promotion actions. Advancement of Healthy Public Policy requires that the health consequences of policy should be correctly foreseen and that the policy process should be influenced so that those health consequences are considered. Health Impact Assessment is an approach that could assist in meeting both requirements. Policies often produce health impacts by multiple indirect routes, which makes prediction difficult. Prediction in Health Impact Assessment may be based on epidemiological models or on sociological disciplines. Health Impact Assessment must be based on an understanding of, and aim to add value to, the policy-making process. It must therefore conform to policy-making timetables, present information in a form that is policy relevant and fit the administrative structures of policy makers. Health Impact Assessment may be used to inform health advocacy but is distinct from it. There is a danger that Health Impact Assessment could be misunderstood as health imperialism.  (+info)

(5/373) Tobacco cessation, the dental profession, and the role of dental education.

This article describes the development of a comprehensive, interdisciplinary, tobacco cessation program based on twenty years of experience at the Indiana University (IU) School of Dentistry. It reviews the relationship between tobacco use and oral health, the nature of nicotine addiction and cessation approaches involving nicotine replacement therapy. In the early 1980s, tobacco control curriculum and cessation guidelines were introduced at the IU School of Dentistry and cooperative efforts initiated with other U.S. and Canadian dental schools. During the past decade, an interdisciplinary Nicotine Dependence Program has been developed to serve outpatients receiving treatment at all hospitals on the IU Medical Center campus. It is hoped that the models described here will be of value to other dental schools developing educational curricula and tobacco control and cessation programs.  (+info)

(6/373) Accident and emergency services for children within Trent region.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the provision of accident and emergency (A&E) services for children within Trent region, and to compare these with published recommendations. METHODS: A postal questionnaire was sent to all A&E and minor injury units within Trent region providing services for children. Findings were compared with published recommendations including those of the Multidisciplinary Working Party into Accident and Emergency Services for Children. RESULTS: Thirty six units provided A&E services for children within Trent: 17 mixed units, 17 minor injury units and two children's units. Within mixed A&E units complete audio-visual separation from adult patients was provided by six units (35%), inpatient paediatric facilities were available at 11 units (65%) and a minimum of one registered children's nurse was always on duty in three units (18%). CONCLUSIONS: Few A&E units within Trent region currently meet the recommendations of the Multidisciplinary Working Party. The most common shortfall identified was in the provision of registered children's nurses.  (+info)

(7/373) Patient selection criteria and management guidelines for outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy for native valve infective endocarditis.

Outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) for infective endocarditis (IE) is being applied widely, despite the absence of controlled data that demonstrates that outcomes are equivalent to those with standard inpatient antibiotic therapy. We review existing OPAT guidelines, published data on the timing of complications from IE, and data on risk factors that can be used to predict complications. These data are used to propose more stringent criteria for patient selection and clinical management of OPAT for native valve IE. We recommend a conservative approach (inpatient or daily outpatient follow-up) during the critical phase (weeks 0-2 of treatment), when complications are most likely, and we recommend consideration of OPAT for the continuation phase (weeks 2-4 or 2-6 of treatment) when life-threatening complications are less likely.  (+info)

(8/373) Malaria chemoprophylaxis in the age of drug resistance. I. Currently recommended drug regimens.

As international travel becomes increasingly common and resistance to antimalarial drugs escalates, a growing number of travelers are at risk for contracting malaria. Parasite resistance to chloroquine and proguanil and real or perceived intolerance among patients to standard prophylactic agents such as mefloquine have highlighted the need for new antimalarial drugs. Promising new regimens include atovaquone and proguanil, in combination; primaquine; and a related 8-aminoquinoline, tafenoquine. These agents are active against the liver stage of the malaria parasite and therefore can be discontinued shortly after the traveler leaves an area where malaria is endemic, which encourages adherence to the treatment regimen. Part 1 of this series reviews currently recommended chemoprophylactic drug regimens, and part 2 will focus on 8-aminoquinoline drugs.  (+info)



Practice


  • The nation's peak e-health group has released a comprehensive set of documents that outline how the Federal Government's $466.7 million electronic health identifier and electronic record project will be implemented over the coming years, and how it will work in practice. (zdnet.com)
  • MHQP developed and disseminates best practice and routine care guidelines for adult preventive care, pediatric preventive care, and perinatal care. (mhqp.org)
  • They used best practice interventions and planned to document that systems changes did indeed improve care as measured by emergency room visit reductions, hospitalization reductions, reduced school absences, increase quality of life and/or reduction of acute care primary care visits. (bepress.com)

Centers


  • Objective: Assess the availability of contraceptive and sexually transmitted infection (STI)-related services among college health centers nationwide. (ejhs.org)
  • Results: Majority of health centers offer key contraceptive and STI services including emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs), hormonal contraceptives, HIV testing, and the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, while the minority offer HIV swab and rapid tests. (ejhs.org)
  • Conclusions: Results provide a useful assessment of critical sexual health services among health centers nationally. (ejhs.org)
  • Despite the importance of sexual healthcare availability among colleges and universities, few studies have been conducted to assess the prevalence of sexual health services among college health centers. (ejhs.org)

Patients


  • Our goal is to develop materials that help doctors deliver high-quality health care and patients understand how to get the best care possible for themselves and their families. (mhqp.org)
  • We also hope to encourage open, productive communications between doctors and patients so that they may work together effectively to optimize health. (mhqp.org)
  • MHQP also offers guidance on creating an asthma action plan, which helps patients and families work with their physicians to manage asthma effectively. (mhqp.org)
  • MHQP and Consumer Reports developed this educational brochure that explains how patients can work with doctors to create a better health care experience. (mhqp.org)

Specialists


  • Your PCP will refer you to specialists and other medical professionals who are also connected with the Plan. (usfhpnw.org)
  • The identification of these trends may be useful to college health clinicians, prevention specialists, and administrators who advocate for comprehensive sexual healthcare within their institution and may influence health center policy by identifying key service-related disparities nationally. (ejhs.org)

employers


  • Columnist Mark Hemingway presents two media stories that indicate that many employers, 51% in fact, will be forced to make changes to their health plans, but Obama said over and over again that people who like their current coverage would be able to keep it. (blogspot.com)
  • Internal White House documents reveal that 51% of employers may have to relinquish their current health care coverage by 2013 due to ObamaCare. (blogspot.com)
  • But an early draft of an administration regulation estimates that many employers will be forced to make changes to their health plans under the new law. (blogspot.com)
  • Title II of HIPAA, known as the Administrative Simplification (AS) provisions, requires the establishment of national standards for electronic health care transactions and national identifiers for providers, health insurance plans, and employers. (wikipedia.org)

practices


  • The conference planning committee encourages program proposals regarding proven practices with content that will engage participants in fruitful discussions and provide meaningful content to bring back to their campuses. (naspa.org)

care plans


  • The documents - product of a joint project of the Labor Department, the Health and Human Services Department and the IRS - examine the effects new regulations would have on existing, or "grandfathered," employer-based health care plans. (blogspot.com)
  • Some health care plans are exempted from Title I requirements, such as long-term health plans and limited-scope plans such as dental or vision plans that are offered separately from the general health plan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bedrosian is the author of 'Home Health Nursing: Nursing Diagnosis And Care Plans', published 1988 under ISBN 9780838538425 and ISBN 0838538428. (valorebooks.com)

effectively


  • The 2018 NASPA Well-being and Health Promotion Leadership Conference will provide student affairs practitioners with the knowledge and skills to effectively address college student health and well-being through a variety of integrative approaches. (naspa.org)

Program


  • WIC is a nutrition program that provides nutrition and health education, healthy food, breastfeeding support and other services free of charge to Massachusetts families who qualify. (mass.gov)
  • Our team worked with program staff and developed a plan to document both program level evaluation and cross site measures (process, impact and outcome). (bepress.com)

Prevention


  • This conference is part of the NASPA Strategies Conferences, which include the 2018 NASPA Alcohol, Other Drug, and Campus Violence Prevention Conference , the 2018 NASPA Mental Health Conference , and the 2018 NASPA Sexual Violence Prevention and Response Conference . (naspa.org)

DEPARTMENT OF HEALT


  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2010) has facilitated national discourse regarding the role of sexual healthcare availability and coverage among U.S. colleges and universities. (ejhs.org)
  • In addition to other preventative services, the PPACA provides coverage of FDA-approved contraceptive methods and contraceptive counseling, HIV screening and counseling, as well as STI counseling for sexually active women (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011a). (ejhs.org)
  • The PPACA also provides consumer benefits to students who purchase student health plans through their college or university (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011b). (ejhs.org)

medical


  • An Act To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to improve portability and continuity of health insurance coverage in the group and individual markets, to combat waste, fraud, and abuse in health insurance and health care delivery, to promote the use of medical savings accounts, to improve access to long-term care services and coverage, to simplify the administration of health insurance, and for other purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Title III sets guidelines for pre-tax medical spending accounts, Title IV sets guidelines for group health plans, and Title V governs company-owned life insurance policies. (wikipedia.org)

group


  • Title I of HIPAA regulates the availability and breadth of group health plans and certain individual health insurance policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Title I requires the coverage of and also limits restrictions that a group health plan can place on benefits for preexisting conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Group health plans may refuse to provide benefits relating to preexisting conditions for a period of 12 months after enrollment in the plan or 18 months in the case of late enrollment. (wikipedia.org)
  • "Creditable coverage" is defined quite broadly and includes nearly all group and individual health plans, Medicare, and Medicaid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Title I also requires insurers to issue policies without exclusion to those leaving group health plans with creditable coverage (see above) exceeding 18 months, and renew individual policies for as long as they are offered or provide alternatives to discontinued plans for as long as the insurer stays in the market without exclusion regardless of health condition. (wikipedia.org)

Physicians


  • Physicians for Reproductive Choice and Health Amici on Behalf of Appellees. (findlaw.com)

services


  • The Plan pays for other covered services when they are authorized in advance by US Family Health Plan. (usfhpnw.org)
  • These types of services need to be reviewed first to make sure that they are covered by the Plan. (usfhpnw.org)
  • Important: USFHP benefits apply only to covered services that are provided by your PCP or authorized in advance by the Plan. (usfhpnw.org)
  • OB Ultrasound) OESS Office of E-health Standards and Services - see: https://htct.hhs.gov/aset/ OID Object Identifier - see: OP Operative (i.e. (docplayer.net)

project


  • In the documents, the National E-Health Transition Authority (NEHTA) said there would need to be three complementary programs of work to be undertaken for the project to move forward. (zdnet.com)
  • Work has already begun at several early stage roll-out sites for the project, with Health Minister Nicola Roxon announcing during the recent election campaign that three GP networks would start to implement the technology. (zdnet.com)
  • Work has also started in a concrete fashion on the technical side of the project - several weeks ago the organisation went to market for a supplier to deliver what it called a "National Authentication Service for Health" (NASH), which will be a core component of the project. (zdnet.com)

Education


  • The NASPA Well-being and Health Promotion Leadership Conference will build attendees' knowledge and capacity around creating a culture of health and well-being, and inform future planning at institutions of higher education. (naspa.org)

healthcare


  • MHQP is a founding member of the Massachusetts Child Health Quality Coalition, which focuses on pediatric healthcare quality improvement. (mhqp.org)

improve


  • Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and improve, their health. (naspa.org)

process


  • The organisation is planning to collaborate with key organisations that would be prepared to get involved early, which will produce lessons learned, research and toolkits from the process. (zdnet.com)

available


  • Making pre-travel health care available in primary care settings may be one step to this goal. (biomedsearch.com)
  • An alternate method of calculating creditable continuous coverage is available to the health plan under Title I. That is, 5 categories of health coverage can be considered separately, including dental and vision coverage. (wikipedia.org)

documents


  • Pleased see the attached documents, submitted by America's Health Insurance Plans. (ftc.gov)

Public


  • It amended the Employee Retirement Income Security Act, the Public Health Service Act, and the Internal Revenue Code. (wikipedia.org)
  • NEHTA's plan also includes a strong focus on communicating the system to the public - communication being an area the organisation has been faulted on in the past. (zdnet.com)

Association


  • Recent findings of the Spring 2011 American College Health Association (ACHA): National College Health Assessment II Survey revealed that 70.8% of college students have had vaginal, anal, or oral sex with at least one partner over the last 12 months (ACHA, 2011a). (ejhs.org)

towards


  • For example, if the new plan offers dental benefits, then it must count creditable continuous coverage under the old health plan towards any of its exclusion periods for dental benefits. (wikipedia.org)

company


  • However, the company is likely to be pushed on succession planning as worries about the CEO's health resurface. (zdnet.com)

certain


  • Plan authorization is required for certain referrals. (usfhpnw.org)

However


  • However, if such benefits are part of the general health plan, then HIPAA still applies to such benefits. (wikipedia.org)
  • A pension fund, however, wants more detail on Apple's succession plan . (zdnet.com)

Date


  • Anything not under those 5 categories must use the general calculation (e.g., the beneficiary may be counted with 18 months of general coverage, but only 6 months of dental coverage, because the beneficiary did not have a general health plan that covered dental until 6 months prior to the application date). (wikipedia.org)

Access


  • This is an important step forward in allowing online access to health records for each Australian that chooses to," said Roxon at the time, noting the networks were chosen because they already have strong e-health capability within their communities. (zdnet.com)

current


  • Over and over again in the health care debate, President Obama said people who like their current coverage would be able to keep it. (blogspot.com)

University


  • Specific guidelines for the Ph.D. dissertation are provided by the Graduate Board of the Johns Hopkins University. (hopkinsmedicine.org)

network


  • When both your PCP and the Plan authorize you to get care outside of the referral network, it is covered by the Plan. (usfhpnw.org)
  • The Plan will see if that particular service could be provided inside the network. (usfhpnw.org)

requirements


  • In just three years, a majority of workers - 51 percent - will be in plans subject to new federal requirements, according to the draft. (blogspot.com)

away


  • try out new restaurants , spas , massages and hair salons near you, or plan a trip away from home . (groupon.com)

case


  • In any case, these tabloid reports seem perfectly timed to put succession planning on the front burner at Apple. (zdnet.com)

coverage


  • Title I of HIPAA protects health insurance coverage for workers and their families when they change or lose their jobs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Title I allows individuals to reduce the exclusion period by the amount of time that they had "creditable coverage" prior to enrolling in the plan and after any "significant breaks" in coverage. (wikipedia.org)

national


  • The National Enquirer reported that Jobs health is in decline and the CEO has a few weeks to live. (zdnet.com)