Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Great BritainAge Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.United StatesHealth Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.EnglandResidence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Health Planning Support: Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Schools, Public Health: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Health Fairs: Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.Health Communication: The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.BrazilMultivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.IndiaUnited States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.EuropeState Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)JapanOdds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Health Transition: Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Prepaid Health Plans: Contracts between an insurer and a subscriber or a group of subscribers whereby a specified set of health benefits is provided in return for a periodic premium.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Maternal-Child Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Occupational Health Nursing: The practice of nursing in the work environment.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)

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Other Consumer Directed Health Care Topics Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) Health Reimbursement Accounts (HRAs) Health Care ... Employers Very Concerned About Controlling Health Care Costs, SHRM Survey Finds Companies plan to curb their health care costs ... of organizations that provide health care coverage indicated that the use of consumer-directed health plans, such as health ... of organizations that provide health care coverage to their employees are very concerned about controlling health care costs, ...

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... health care system ranked last amongst 11 developed nations, but the ... A new study from a pro-Obamacare nonprofit finds that before the health care law, the U.S. ... health-care system primarily by improving health information technology. The health-care law requires medical providers to ... In 2011, the U.S. spent the most per capita on health care at $8,508 (the best is the U.K.'s government-run health-care system ...

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Survey: Majority of Health Care Opinion Leaders Say Medicare Part D Helps Beneficiaries, But Changes Are Needed. ... The online survey of experts, representing a range of health care sectors and diverse perspectives, is the eighth in a ... New York City, July 14, 2006 Two-thirds of respondents to the latest Commonwealth Fund Health Care Opinion Leaders Survey agree ... designed to highlight health care opinion leaders perspectives on the most important and timely health policy issues facing the ...

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"The role of health IT is shifting from simply meeting compliance requirements, to extending the reach of care to where the ... Yesterday, Royal Philips announced the results of their latest healthcare leadership survey. The survey of 121 healthcare IT ... Survey: By 2019, 60% of Medicare Revenues will be Tied to Risk Medical groups and health systems that are members of AMGA (the ... A survey conducted by KLAS Research found that 70 percent of healthcare organizations have moved at least some applications or ...

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... such as primary health care and mental health services.. *If the policy process succeeds it will make public health care ... A major challenge in the Finnish health care system is a gap between resources and need of health care services. This has ... A major challenge in the Finnish health care system is the gap between resources and need of health care services. This ... Implemented in this survey?. Origins of health policy idea. Access to health services needed is guaranteed by the constitution ...

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IS YOUR HEALTH SYSTEM READY FOR THE CONSUMER REVOLUTION? How a Healthcare CRM Transforms Care and Relationships ... And that's just the care side of health IT; what about business intelligence, staffing software, data back-up, patient health ... IS YOUR HEALTH SYSTEM READY FOR THE CONSUMER REVOLUTION? How a Healthcare CRM Transforms Care and Relationships ... Health IT Summit Series. Summit Series: Dallas - December 14-15, 2017. San Diego - February 1-2, 2018. Cleveland - March 27-28 ...

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Results from the Patient Safety Culture survey, administered in Oct. 2011, are now available. ... 3,027 individuals participated in the hospital and 644 participated in the clinic patient safety culture surveys. Please ... Results from the Patient Safety Culture survey, administered in Oct. 2011, are now available. ... Our vision is to be the nation's leading public academic health system. ...

*  National Survey of Alcohol, Drug, and Mental Health Problems [Healthcare for Communities], 1997-1998

... health insurance coverage including coverage for mental health, (7) access, utilization, and quality of behavioral health care ... health insurance coverage including coverage for mental health, (7) access, utilization, and quality of behavioral health care ... Focusing on care and treatment for alcohol, drug, and mental health conditions, the survey reinterviewed respondents to the ... Focusing on care and treatment for alcohol, drug, and mental health conditions, the survey reinterviewed respondents to the ...

*  cheongsurvey: HEALTH CARE SURVEY ~ RM150 (CLOSED)

... who are suffering from some sort of food allergies to participate in our Health Care Survey. ... MOTORBIKE CARE SURVEY ~ RM150 - RM180 (CLOSED). *HEALTH CARE SURVEY ~ RM150 (CLOSED). *FACIAL SKIN CARE SURVEY ~ RM150 (CLOSED) ... to confirm your participation in the survey. ... MINERAL WATER SURVEY ~ RM140 - RM150 (CLOSED). *MATERNAL MILK ...

*  Survey: Patient Matching Issues Common Among HIM Professionals | Healthcare Informatics Magazine | Health IT | Information...

IS YOUR HEALTH SYSTEM READY FOR THE CONSUMER REVOLUTION? How a Healthcare CRM Transforms Care and Relationships ... Dignity Health, CHI Merging to Form New Catholic Health System Catholic Health Initiatives (CHI), based in Englewood, Colorado ... "We cannot sit around and wait for others to correct this problem," the survey authors said. "As healthcare professionals, we ... What are the Top Technology Priorities for Health System Leaders in 2018? A New Survey Sheds Some Light ...

*  Survey: HIOs Split in Cost-Benefit Analysis of Direct | Healthcare Informatics Magazine | Health IT | Information Technology

Most HIOs are using Direct for care coordination. Transitions of care were the top use of Direct, according to the survey's ... Survey: By 2019, 60% of Medicare Revenues will be Tied to Risk Medical groups and health systems that are members of AMGA (the ... A survey conducted by KLAS Research found that 70 percent of healthcare organizations have moved at least some applications or ... This was one of the findings of a survey from the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) ...

*  A Survey: Knowledge And Attitudes Towards Blood Donation Between Post-secondary Students Who Are Taking Health-care And Non...

A survey: Knowledge and attitudes towards blood donation between post-secondary students who are taking health-care and non- ... This study aimed to examine knowledge and attitudes towards blood donation between healthcare and non-healthcare students. A ... healthcare related programmes in Hong Kong. 23rd World Nursing and Healthcare Conference. July 10-12, 2017 Berlin, Germany. Lo ... between healthcare and non-healthcare student groups were 4.17 (0.408) and 3.31(1.151) respectively. Based on this preliminary ...

*  Medical Homes Survey: Primary care with a personal touch - Modern Healthcare | Joseph Rugg's Health Law Blog

Increase quality of care. When primary-care physicians needed to go somewhere new to revitalize their field, they found that ... there was no place quite like the patient-centered medical home: A practice model that emphasizes care coordination, increased ... Medical Homes Survey reveals diverse settings, but single goal: ... Modern Healthcare Medical Homes Survey: Primary care with a ... Home , Health Law Reform -- General, Healthcare Business, Improving Healthcare, Physician Practices , Medical Homes Survey: ...

*  New Survey Confirms Employees Struggle to Find Quality Behavioral Health Care for Themselves and Their Loved Ones -...

New Survey Confirms Employees Struggle to Find Quality Behavioral Health Care for Themselves and Their Loved Ones Blog, Press ... New Survey Confirms Employees Struggle to Find Quality Behavioral Health Care for Themselves and Their Loved Ones October 10, ... health care concerns and needs.. This research, the fifth in a series, was based on a survey of 1,000 employees at companies ... Pittsburgh Business Group on Health Annual Health Care Symposium October 7, 2017 ...

*  Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) health plan survey child version : SoonerCare Choice member...

Oklahoma Health Care Authority Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) Health Plan Survey Child ... Oklahoma Health Care Authority Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) Health Plan Survey Child ... health plan survey child version : SoonerCare Choice member satisfaction survey. Alternative title 2012 CAHPS child survey; ... Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) health plan survey child version : SoonerCare Choice member ...

*  Health Care in Bangladesh

Surveyed: skills, competency, speed, equipment, accuracy, completeness, friendliness, courtesy, responsiveness, convenience of ... Quality and satisfaction with health care in Bangladesh. ... Component of health care surveyed. Satisfaction %. Skill and ... Health Care in this country for some cities: Chittagong, Dhaka. We would like to gather more data for: Barisal, Begamganj, ... More about Bangladesh: Cost of Living , Crime , Climate , Food Prices , Gas Prices , Health Care , Pollution , Property Prices ...

*  Publications | The Health Foundation

Healthcare Leaders Panel - Survey report 1: Patient Safety. In July 2004 YouGov started recruiting a panel of senior healthcare ... The impact of redesigning urgent and emergency care in Northumberland. The Health Foundation has considered findings from ... How engaged are people in their healthcare?. A high-quality healthcare system is one that puts patients at the centre of the ... Estimating health and productivity gains in England from selected interventions. Researchers from The Health Foundation's Quest ...

*  Grants - January 28, 2002

Connecticut Employees Health Care Cost Survey. CSRA Barnes, C.. Fairfield Private Providers Coalition. $4,875 11/01-6/02. ... PHS-NIH-National Institute of Mental Health. $27,044. 11/01-11/02. ... Workforce Investment Act Customer Satisfaction Surveys For the New Jersey Department of Labor. ... Meta-Analysis of the Impact of Health Communication Campaigns in Developing Countries. ...

*  PPT - Rural Health Education: A Community Partnership PowerPoint Presentation - ID:64166

Rural Health Science Institute (RHSI). Located in Yreka $8.8 Million Slideshow 64166 by Angelica ... Rural Health Education: A Community Partnership. Partners. Mercy Medical Center - Mount Shasta Fairchild Medical Center - Yreka ... What are the current and future needs for professional continuing education for rural health care workforce in Siskiyou County ... Focus on Continuing Education for Health Occupations Healthcare Worker Survey Community Survey ...

*  SANS Institute | Newsletters - Newsbites

Are insiders and electronic health records still top concerns among health care orgs? Take 2nd SANS Health Care Security Survey ... Take the 2018 SANS Security Awareness Report Survey. Chance to Win an iPad. ...

*  International Transgender Day Of Remembrance

Lambda Legal's 2009 survey on health care fairness, When Health Isn't. Caring, revealed that 70 percent of all transgender and ... Wisconsin who were barred from receiving transition-related health care, a. ruling upheld on appeal to the U.S. Court of ... We need laws that guarantee equal access to health care. And. until Congress passes the federal Employment Nondiscrimination ... nonconforming respondents had experienced discrimination in health care. settings. ...

*  Sweden, Canada outrank U.S. on healthcare

... affordable care, according to a 22-nation survey released on Thursday. ... Reuters) - People living in countries with government-run healthcare systems like Sweden and Canada are far more confident than ... the November 2009 to January 2010 survey found Americans were divided over their access to healthcare. The U.S. health reforms ... quality care. The Asian nation boasts a high life expectancy but is grappling with health costs as the elderly make up more ...

*  Healthcare in the US | Physics Forums - The Fusion of Science and Community

One of many surveys:. One hidden example ... One of many surveys:. ... It's still not clear that applying more IT to medical care will generate the savings in health care costs that advocates hoped ... Prior to this, to be poor and without health coverage meant bad times. Typically, health care coverage for the severely ...

*  U.S. Healthcare Quality Ratings Among Lowest Since '12

Americans continue to rate their personal healthcare situations better than those of the U.S. overall on three key aspects -- ... The latest results are from Gallup's annual Health and Healthcare survey, conducted Nov. 2-8. ... Perceptions of healthcare quality in the U.S. rose to 62% after the passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010 and matched that ... Most Americans say the 2010 Affordable Care Act has been successful in expanding access to health coverage, but they are ...

*  Downloads | OHS Best Practices/Safety System/Safety Culture | Occupational Health & Safety | ALIGN Resource Library

The Sanofi Canada Healthcare Survey 2016. The Sanofi Canada Healthcare Survey has proven to be a valuable tool for health ... Wellness library contains more than 15,000 free health and wellness handouts, brochures, booklets, care guides, tip sheets, ... are health and safety associations that promote worksite health and safety practices in Alberta.. Health and Safety Management ... Workplace health and safety regulations You have an obligation to ensure the health and safety of all of your employees while ...

Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Global Health Delivery ProjectHealth policy: Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Rock 'n' Roll (Status Quo song)Halfdan T. MahlerBehavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Contraceptive mandate (United States): A contraceptive mandate is a state or federal regulation or law that requires health insurers, or employers that provide their employees with health insurance, to cover some contraceptive costs in their health insurance plans. In 1978, the U.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.Aging (scheduling): In Operating systems, Aging is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation. Fixed priority scheduling is a scheduling discipline, in which tasks queued for utilizing a system resource are assigned a priority each.Women's Health Initiative: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) was initiated by the U.S.Comprehensive Rural Health Project: The Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP) is a non profit, non-governmental organization located in Jamkhed, Ahmednagar District in the state of Maharashtra, India. The organization works with rural communities to provide community-based primary healthcare and improve the general standard of living through a variety of community-led development programs, including Women's Self-Help Groups, Farmers' Clubs, Adolescent Programs and Sanitation and Watershed Development Programs.Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}European Immunization Week: European Immunization Week (EIW) is an annual regional initiative, coordinated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe), to promote immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases. EIW activities are carried out by participating WHO/Europe member states.Healthy community design: Healthy community design is planning and designing communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. Healthy community design offers important benefits:Minati SenSharon Regional Health System: Sharon Regional Health System is a profit health care service provider based in Sharon, Pennsylvania. Its main hospital is located in Sharon; additionally, the health system operates schools of nursing and radiography; a comprehensive pain management center across the street from its main hospital; clinics in nearby Mercer, Greenville, Hermitage, and Brookfield, Ohio; and Sharon Regional Medical Park in Hermitage.Resource leak: In computer science, a resource leak is a particular type of resource consumption by a computer program where the program does not release resources it has acquired. This condition is normally the result of a bug in a program.Northeast Community Health CentreMaternal Health Task ForceProportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.DenplanNational Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Basic Occupational Health Services: The Basic Occupational Health Services are an application of the primary health care principles in the sector of occupational health. Primary health care definition can be found in the World Health Organization Alma Ata declaration from the year 1978 as the “essential health care based on practical scientifically sound and socially accepted methods, (…) it is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work (…)”.Time-trade-off: Time-Trade-Off (TTO) is a tool used in health economics to help determine the quality of life of a patient or group. The individual will be presented with a set of directions such as:Mental disorderPoverty trap: A poverty trap is "any self-reinforcing mechanism which causes poverty to persist."Costas Azariadis and John Stachurski, "Poverty Traps," Handbook of Economic Growth, 2005, 326.Standard evaluation frameworkEssence (Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics): Essence is the United States Department of Defense's Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics. Essence's goal is to monitor health data as it becomes available and discover epidemics and similar health concerns before they move out of control.Integrated catchment management: Integrated catchment management is a subset of environmental planning which approaches sustainable resource management from a catchment perspective, in contrast to a piecemeal approach that artificially separates land management from water management.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Implementation research: Implementation research is the scientific study of methods to promote the uptake of research findings. Often research projects focus on small scale pilot studies or laboratory based experiments, and assume that findings can be generalised to roll out into a practice based domain with few changes.Opinion polling in the Philippine presidential election, 2010: Opinion polling (popularly known as surveys in the Philippines) for the 2010 Philippine presidential election is managed by two major polling firms: Social Weather Stations and Pulse Asia, and several minor polling firms. The polling firms conducted surveys both prior and after the deadline for filing of certificates of candidacies on December 1, 2009.Health management system: The health management system (HMS) is an evolutionary medicine regulative process proposed by Nicholas Humphrey reprinted fromRelative index of inequality: The relative index of inequality (RII) is a regression-based index which summarizes the magnitude of socio-economic status (SES) as a source of inequalities in health. RII is useful because it takes into account the size of the population and the relative disadvantage experienced by different groups.Open Fuel Standard Coalition: The Open Fuel Standard Coalition is a bipartisan group in the United States actively working for passage of H.R.

(1/5472) Design and trial of a new questionnaire for occupational health surveys in companies.

In this article we present an example of our method for instrument development. This method is called the Development Cycle. It consists of four main stages: (1) defining the requirements for an instrument; (2) research, design and pilot testing; (3) implementation and (4) evaluation. An application of the Development Cycle was realized within a project for the development of a basic questionnaire about work and health, to be used at periodic health surveys. This questionnaire had to identify work and work-related health problems in employees with divergent occupations and working conditions. The design of the instrument and the results of its trial in 517 employees is presented. The evaluation of the test results and the modification of the questionnaire are discussed. From 1995, the questionnaire has been implemented in the Dutch OHS services quite successfully.  (+info)

(2/5472) Clinical experience and choice of drug therapy for human immunodeficiency virus disease.

To determine if providers experienced in the management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease preferred different treatment regimens than providers with less experience, we analyzed data from a national survey of primary care providers' preferred regimens for the management of 30 HIV-related medical conditions. We mailed questionnaires to 999 correct addresses of providers in > 20 cities in the United States in May 1996. We received 524 responses (response rate, 52%). We found a statistically significant association between the number of HIV-infected patients cared for by the provider and the likelihood that the provider would report prescribing highly active antiretroviral therapy and multidrug combinations for treatment of opportunistic infections. Providers with few HIV-infected patients were substantially less likely to report using new therapeutic regimens or new diagnostic tools. We concluded that the preferred regimens of experienced providers are more likely to be consistent with the latest information on treatment for HIV disease than are those of less experienced providers.  (+info)

(3/5472) Where do people go for treatment of sexually transmitted diseases?

CONTEXT: Major public health resources are devoted to the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) through public STD clinics. However, little is known about where people actually receive treatment for STDs. METHODS: As part of the National Health and Social Life Survey, household interviews were performed from February to September 1992 with 3,432 persons aged 18-59. Weighted population estimates and multinomial response methods were used to describe the prevalence of self-reported STDs and patterns of treatment utilization by persons who ever had a bacterial or viral STD. RESULTS: An estimated two million STDs were self-reported in the previous year, and 22 million 18-59-year-olds self-reported lifetime STDs. Bacterial STDs (gonorrhea, chlamydia, nongonococcal urethritis, pelvic inflammatory disease and syphilis) were more common than viral STDs (genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis and HIV). Genital warts were the most commonly reported STD in the past year, while gonorrhea was the most common ever-reported STD. Almost half of all respondents who had ever had an STD had gone to a private practice for treatment (49%); in comparison, only 5% of respondents had sought treatment at an STD clinic. Respondents with a bacterial STD were seven times more likely to report going to an STD clinic than were respondents with a viral STD--except for chlamydia, which was more likely to be treated at family planning clinics. Men were significantly more likely than women to go to an STD clinic. Young, poor or black respondents were all more likely to use a family planning clinic for STD treatment than older, relatively wealthy or white respondents. Age, sexual history and geographic location did not predict particular types of treatment-seeking. CONCLUSIONS: The health care utilization patterns for STD treatment in the United States are complex. Specific disease diagnosis, gender, race and income status all affect where people will seek treatment. These factors need to be taken into account when STD prevention strategies are being developed.  (+info)

(4/5472) Women's interest in vaginal microbicides.

CONTEXT: Each year, an estimated 15 million new cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV, occur in the United States. Women are not only at a disadvantage because of their biological and social susceptibility, but also because of the methods that are available for prevention. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1,000 women aged 18-44 in the continental United States who had had sex with a man in the last 12 months were interviewed by telephone. Analyses identified levels and predictors of women's worry about STDs and interest in vaginal microbicides, as well as their preferences regarding method characteristics. Numbers of potential U.S. microbicide users were estimated. RESULTS: An estimated 21.3 million U.S. women have some potential current interest in using a microbicidal product. Depending upon product specifications and cost, as many as 6.0 million women who are worried about getting an STD would be very interested in current use of a microbicide. These women are most likely to be unmarried and not cohabiting, of low income and less education, and black or Hispanic. They also are more likely to have visited a doctor for STD symptoms or to have reduced their sexual activity because of STDs, to have a partner who had had other partners in the past year, to have no steady partner or to have ever used condoms for STD prevention. CONCLUSIONS: A significant minority of women in the United States are worried about STDs and think they would use vaginal microbicides. The development, testing and marketing of such products should be expedited.  (+info)

(5/5472) Pregnancies averted among U.S. teenagers by the use of contraceptives.

CONTEXT: The personal and social costs associated with teenage pregnancy in the United States concern many policymakers and researchers, yet the role of contraception in preventing these pregnancies has not been adequately quantified. METHODS: Published estimates of contraceptive effectiveness were applied to 1995 National Survey of Family Growth data on sexual and contraceptive practices in order to estimate the number of pregnancies averted through the use of contraceptives by U.S. teenagers. Four scenarios of contraceptives access--from current levels of access to highly restricted access--and teenagers' sexual and contraceptive practices in response to such restrictions are used to project the potential impact on pregnancies among teenagers. RESULTS: Current levels of contraceptive use averted an estimated 1.65 million pregnancies among 15-19-year-old women in the United States during 1995. If these young women had been denied access to both prescription and over-the-counter contraceptive methods, an estimated one million additional pregnancies (ranging from 750,000 to 1.25 million) would have occurred, assuming some decrease in sexual activity. These pregnancies would have led to 480,000 live births, 390,000 abortions, 120,000 miscarriages, 10,000 ectopic pregnancies and 37 maternal deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Contraceptive use by teenage women prevents pregnancies and negative pregnancy-related health consequences that can disrupt the lives of adolescent women and that have substantial societal costs. Continued and expanded access to contraceptives for adolescents is a critically important public health strategy.  (+info)

(6/5472) Reactions to medical abortion among providers of surgical abortion: an early snapshot.


(7/5472) Provider attitudes toward dispensing emergency contraception in Michigan's Title X programs.


(8/5472) Residents' exposure to aboriginal health issues. Survey of family medicine programs in Canada.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Canadian family medicine residency programs currently have objectives, staff, and clinical experiences for adequately exposing residents to aboriginal health issues. DESIGN: A one-page questionnaire was developed to survey the details of teaching about and exposure to aboriginal health issues. SETTING: Family medicine programs in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All Canadian family medicine program directors in the 18 programs (16 at universities and two satellite programs) were surveyed between October 1997 and March 1998. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Whether programs had teaching objectives for exposing residents to aboriginal health issues, whether they had resource people available, what elective and core experiences in aboriginal health were offered, and what types of experiences were available. RESULTS: Response rate was 100%. No programs had formal, written curriculum objectives for residency training in aboriginal health issues, although some were considering them. Some programs, however, had objectives for specific weekend or day sessions. No programs had a strategy for encouraging enrollment of residents of aboriginal origin. Eleven programs had at least one resource person with experience in aboriginal health issues, and 12 had access to community-based aboriginal groups. Core experiences were all weekend seminars or retreats. Elective experiences in aboriginal health were available in 16 programs, and 11 programs were active on reserves. CONCLUSIONS: Many Canadian family medicine programs give residents some exposure to aboriginal health issues, but most need more expertise and direction on these issues. Some programs have unique approaches to teaching aboriginal health care that could be shared. Formalized objectives derived in collaboration with other family medicine programs and aboriginal groups could substantially improve the quality of education in aboriginal health care in Canada.  (+info)


  • About one-half of respondents said they utilized health and wellness educational initiatives (56 percent) and lower-cost generic prescription drugs (48 percent) to control costs. (
  • New York City, July 14, 2006 Two-thirds of respondents to the latest Commonwealth Fund Health Care Opinion Leaders Survey agree (strongly agree or agree) that enactment of Part D was on balance good for beneficiaries, but majorities also support basic changes to the law. (
  • Opinion leaders in the business/insurance/other health care industry sector were most supportive of the law, with 95% agreeing it was good for beneficiaries, while 56% to 67% of respondents in academic/research institutions, health care delivery, or other sectors said it was good for beneficiaries. (
  • Just 8 percent of all respondents favored leaving the deadline and penalty for late enrollment in place, although 22 percent of the business/insurance/or other health care industry sector respondents favored this option. (
  • Respondents ranked patient health information security as a priority--as well as optimizing reimbursement through Meaningful Use. (
  • We are targeting respondents (yourself or your kids if married with kids) who are suffering from some sort of food allergies to participate in our Health Care Survey. (
  • A total of 55 percent of survey respondents were able to communicate the duplicate medical record rate within their organization, but additional questions relating to how the duplicate rate was calculated indicate a lack of a standard definition for duplicate rate calculation. (
  • Most of the respondents were from Health Internet Service Providers (HISPs). (

behavioral health care

  • This research, the fifth in a series, was based on a survey of 1,000 employees at companies across the U.S. with 500 or more employees, and revealed employees struggle to find qualified behavioral health care providers for themselves and their loved ones. (
  • These findings, consistent with previous research, paint a stark picture of employees struggling to find good quality behavioral health care. (


  • Shifting health care costs to employees can lower employee job satisfaction and pose a barrier for attracting new talent. (
  • Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) health plan survey child version : SoonerCare Choice member satisfaction survey. (
  • This survey focused on the pediatric SoonerCare Choice population , asking parents or guardians of children 17 years and younger questions regarding satisfaction with their child's health care and treatment . (


  • For more surveys and poll findings, visit . (
  • This was one of the findings of a survey from the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) Interoperability and HIE Committee's on Direct Messaging. (
  • Transitions of care were the top use of Direct, according to the survey's findings. (
  • The Health Foundation has considered findings from analysis into the early impact of changes to u. (


  • ALEXANDRIA, Va. - More than three-quarters (79 percent) of organizations that provide health care coverage to their employees are very concerned about controlling health care costs, according to the lates t Strategic Benefits-Health Care Survey report from the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM). (
  • To halt some of the increasing costs, one-half of organizations indicated that they increased employee contributions to health care costs in 2014, while about one-quarter (26 percent) of organizations said they planned to increase employees' share in 2015. (
  • Almost one-fifth (19 percent) of organizations that provide health care coverage indicated that the use of consumer-directed health plans, such as health reimbursement arrangements and health savings accounts, was the most successful tactic for controlling health care costs. (
  • Healthcare organizations are looking to invest in new technologies to enhance the value of existing systems. (
  • Healthcare organizations also looked to leverage more remote monitoring capabilities. (
  • A survey conducted by KLAS Research found that 70 percent of healthcare organizations have moved at least some applications or IT infrastructure off-premises. (
  • Finance: Value-based purchasing, risk sharing reimbursement models, and accountable care organizations all rely on accurate patient matching across a care continuum. (
  • Health Information Organizations (HIOs) using Direct Messaging technologies are split down the middle as to whether the benefits of the technology outweigh the costs. (
  • Modern Healthcare's second annual Medical Homes Survey, conducted June 25-Sept. 28, drew responses from 29 organizations. (


  • Information technology is on its way to becoming the hottest topic in long-term and post-acute care -if it can just wrestle that label from our importunate friend "reimbursement cuts. (


  • By March 2017, a total of 45 eligible subjects were recruited including 6 (13.3%) from healthcare programmes and 39 (86.7%) from non-healthcare programmes. (
  • PEMBROKE, Mass. (October 10, 2017) - As part of its ongoing series of original, proprietary research, ConsumerMedical, a leading health care decision support and clinical advocacy company, has published results of another new survey of American workers employed at mid- and large-size companies that taps into those workers' health care concerns and needs. (

Commonwealth Fund

  • According to data from 2011-2013, the U.S. is the worst of eleven countries when it comes to health-care costs, efficiency, equity and healthy lives, according to the Commonwealth Fund . (
  • The Affordable Care Act drastically expands Medicaid and provides premium subsidies for some low-income Americans, increasing health coverage, as the Commonwealth Fund notes, but boosted health costs are likely to prevent low-income Americans from getting health-care services, even if they have coverage. (
  • The online survey of experts, representing a range of health care sectors and diverse perspectives, is the eighth in a bimonthly series conducted by Harris Interactive for the Commonwealth Fund, designed to highlight health care opinion leaders perspectives on the most important and timely health policy issues facing the nation. (

Affordable Care Act

  • The year was full of plenty of headline news events surrounding the Affordable Care Act, HHS, opioids, and more. (


  • This survey is a component of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Health Tracking Initiative, a program designed to monitor changes within the health care system and their effects on people. (


  • Our vision is to be the nation's leading public academic health system. (
  • About ConsumerMedical - ConsumerMedical is a leading health care decision support and clinical advocacy company serving approximately 2 million individuals through some of the nation's largest employers, health plans and private exchanges. (


  • The U.S. system also lags behind when it comes to primary care doctors - a problem Obamacare doesn't help and may even exacerbate. (
  • There's a lack of access to primary care doctors and little communication between the general physicians and specialists or emergency doctors, according to the report. (
  • In the past, vast expansions of Medicaid patients have lead to higher rates of ER usage for common ailments that should be treated by a primary care physician or similar doctor. (
  • This has generated long waiting times to some services in primary and hospital care. (
  • When primary-care physicians needed to go somewhere new to revitalize their field, they found that there was no place quite like the patient-centered medical home: A practice model that emphasizes care coordination, increased access and enhanced doctor-patient communication-all with an emphasis on continuous quality improvement. (


  • The survey captured the responses of 380 randomly selected SHRM members throughout the United States. (
  • The survey responses illustrate the importance of information governance encompassing patient matching. (


  • The results suggest that leaders are focused on direct patient care and supporting collaboration across the care continuum, with an emphasis on enhanced electronic medical record (EMR) functionality and clinical/operation improvements. (
  • Analytics: Identifying best outcomes for patient study groups, identifying consumers across a continuum of care for engagement strategies, and effective research requires accurate patient matching. (


  • To implement the statement, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health nominated a working group to draft a model how to operationalise the principle of access in different health care sectors. (

mental health

  • Nearly half of all U.S. employees have dealt with a mental health issue for themselves or a family member in the past 12 months. (
  • One in five didn't feel satisfied with the mental health practitioner that they chose. (
  • Meanwhile, nearly half of employees surveyed said their search for a qualified mental health practitioner was a distraction for them while on the job. (
  • Over 72 percent of employees dealing with a mental health concern said it was affecting their productivity on the job. (
  • In 2015, after looking at data for over 100 employers, Mercer concluded that the mental health and substance abuse cost trend was rising at 11 percent per-member-per-year (compared to 3.5 percent for other medical issues per-member-per-year). (


  • Healthcare itself is in a transition period as efforts are being made to dismantle provider silos , employ interoperable electronic health records and capture clinical outcomes data , all for the sake of proving that quality care is indeed being delivered. (
  • ConsumerMedical offers a fully integrated suite of solutions including Medical Decision Support, Surgery Decision Support, Expert Medical Opinion, Claims Advocacy and more, helping individuals and families navigate the health care system while improving outcomes and reducing costs. (


  • In order to learn more about AHIMA members' experience with patient matching as it relates to linking patient records, the AHIMA membership survey was answered by 815 participants using 12 different electronic health record (EHR) systems and was conducted in the summer of 2015. (
  • David C. Kibbe, M.D., CEO of DirectTrust, a nonprofit support group made up of HISPs and other participants in the Direct community, was pleased with the results of the survey. (
  • As a Medical Ally, ConsumerMedical guides participants throughout their health care journey with compassionate, high-touch support and deep clinical expertise. (


  • A new study from a pro-Obamacare nonprofit finds that before the health-care law, the U.S. health-care system ranked last among 11 developed nations, but the health-care law may not help fix the problem. (


  • they are dwarfed by the productivity, absenteeism and health care expenses that result from employees with behavioral health concerns. (



  • To ensure timely and equitable access to health services according to need in Finland. (


  • At the moment the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health is developing a standardized nationwide system for assessing health care needs by introduction of treatment criteria. (
  • A working group was set by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health to propose an implementation plan for the decision. (


  • Former Michigan Governor John Engler will serve as chair of the DRIVE Health Initiative, a campaign aimed at accelerating the U.S. health system's transition to value-based care. (


  • The report found that Obamacare could help improve the U.S. health-care system primarily by improving health information technology. (
  • The health-care law requires medical providers to switch over to a more digitized system and provides incentives to do so. (
  • In 2011, the U.S. spent the most per capita on health care at $8,508 (the best is the U.K.'s government-run health-care system at $3,405 per person). (
  • In the post-Obamacare health-care system, U.S. insurers are now trying to rid Americans of their pesky "choice habit. (
  • A major challenge in the Finnish health care system is a gap between resources and need of health care services. (
  • In January 2004 the working group proposed the creation of a standardized nationwide system for assessing health care needs and introduction of treatment criteria for procedures such as cataract operations, cholecystectomies, prostatectomies, and hip and knee replacements. (
  • The project aimed to solve a variety of ills in the Finnish health care system. (
  • A high-quality healthcare system is one that puts patients at the centre of the treatment process. (


  • This data reinforces the feedback we get from our customers and partners every day, and it will further drive our innovation strategy to design products and solutions that meet evolving health IT needs and make care delivery truly patient-centric. (
  • Employees with behavioral health needs are really hurting," explains David Hines, CEO of ConsumerMedical. (
  • What are the current and future needs for professional continuing education for rural health care workforce in Siskiyou County and other rural communities? (
  • Strengthen partnerships between COS and local healthcare employers in order to better understand local needs for training. (


  • A growing number of employers are asking employees to contribute a larger percentage of their health care costs," said Evren Esen, director of SHRM's survey programs. (


  • However, the U.S. also has some of the best access to specialized medical care. (
  • Healthcare orgnizations are interested in new strategies to expand access to quality care. (
  • The Decision in Principle by the Council of State on Securing the Future of Health Care issued by the Government in 2002 stated that the principle of access to treatment within a reasonable period would be embodied in legislation by the year 2005. (
  • Access to health services needed is guaranteed by the constitution of Finland. (
  • For several years, various problems in access to health services have been debated in Finland. (


  • This survey is one of SHRM's six-part Strategic Benefits Survey report series featuring wellness initiatives, flexible work arrangements, health care, leveraging benefits to retain employees, leveraging benefits to recruit employees, and communicating benefits. (
  • Survey results on wellness initiatives and workplace flexibility also were also released today. (


  • This survey focused on an assessment of the Medicare Part D prescription drug benefit. (



  • More than half of health IT management (HIM) professionals routinely work on mitigating possible patient record duplicates at their facility, while 72 percent of those work on mitigating duplicate records weekly, according to a survey from the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA). (


  • Legal obligation for municipal health care providers to provide services within a stated time-frame. (


  • While health-care technology may improve, Obamacare may be unlikely to help other key triggers of the U.S.'s low ranking. (
  • The survey of 121 healthcare IT leaders, conducted by HIMSS Media, focused on how leaders are prioritizing their future healthcare technology investments. (
  • The role of health IT is shifting from simply meeting compliance requirements, to extending the reach of care to where the patient is," said Dr. Joseph Frassica , Chief Medical Officer and Chief Technology Officer for Patient Care and Monitoring Solutions, Philips. (
  • Get the latest information on Staffing and Professional Development and attend other valuable sessions at this two-day Summit providing healthcare leaders with educational content, insightful debate and dialogue on the future of healthcare and technology. (
  • Direct exchange-which is easy, secure and gets the job done-is now a permanent technology in the landscape for health information exchange, gaining ground over fax and efax, as well as replacing one-off proprietary connectivity solutions for linking providers that are so expensive and complex," he said in a statement. (
  • One thing they have in common is a desire to increase the quality of care by advancing an old-fashioned concept that is often enhanced by the newest technology. (


  • Over the past three years, the percentage of companies indicating that their health care costs went up has remained about the same, yet high, at 69 percent to 74 percent. (
  • The municipality is obliged to cover the costs of alternative providers if the municipal provider is not able to render the needed health service within maximum time limits. (


  • Emergency rooms have already seen a boost in volume since Obamacare coverage went into action, and physicians fear that it will lead to a lower quality of care . (


  • Hospital & Healthcare Compensation Service reports in its " Assisted Living Salary & Benefit Report 2011-2012 " that the average salary for an assisted living Director of Information Services is $77,096. (
  • In February 2014, the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) released their full patient matching report before HIMSS14. (
  • This report is the result of research into ways of increasing the usefulness and impact of health. (
  • This report address the question: when trying to improve health through regulation, what works? (
  • Take the 2018 SANS Security Awareness Report Survey. (


  • The survey results are available online at . (


  • So it should then come as no surprise that in long-term and post-acute care, providers just can't afford to pay top IT talent. (
  • Develop a community health resource Web portal in cooperation with other providers in the county. (


  • This discrepancy has generated long waiting times for some services in ambulatory and hospital care. (
  • In response to this the Government initiated in 2001 "the National Project to Ensure the Future of Health Care" originally proposed by the Prime Minister and the Minister of Social and Health Services at the time. (


  • According to the decision in principle, patients must be assured of an immediate contact with their health care centre, and their need for care must be assessed by a health care professional within a maximum of three weekdays of their contacting the health centre. (
  • The authors of the survey said it shows the need to measure, monitor, and inform the marketplace of the need to better match patients to their specific health information. (


  • According to the survey, Americans have the third-lowest wait time to see a specialist and are second only to Sweden for the time it takes to receive treatment after a diagnosis. (

medical care

  • With higher deductibles and co-pays, low-income Americans may be less likely to seek medical care at additional cost than those with higher income, worsening any problems with health-care equity. (
  • In non-acute specialised medical care, it is the responsibility of the hospital district that the patient's need for care is assessed within a maximum of three weeks of receiving a referral, and any medical care found to be necessary must be provided within three months, or at the very latest, six months. (


  • Medical groups and health systems that are members of AMGA (the American Medical Group Association) expect that nearly 60 percent of their revenues from Medicare will be from risk-based products by 2019, according to the results from a recent survey. (


  • The health-care law moved Americans toward narrower medical networks, limiting provider preferences for many Obamacare exchange customers, and experts are warning that the shift will soon permeate the private insurance market as well. (
  • The Medical Society of New Jersey (MSNJ) recently launched OneHealth New Jersey, a statewide health information exchange (HIE) that is now live. (
  • Health information exchange (HIE): Correlating patient data across enterprises, regions, or states requires accurate matching of patient data. (

patient health

  • what about business intelligence, staffing software , data back-up, patient health information protection -a seemingly endless list of concerns? (


  • As healthcare professionals, we need to embrace the challenge and collaborate to develop scalable solutions to assure patient information is available when and where it is needed. (
  • All of this points to the fact that employees are in deep need of additional support finding well-qualified behavioral health professionals," explains Hines. (
  • What gaps exist in CE programs for rural health professionals? (


  • Please contact Celeste Mayer, Patient Safety Officer, at , or 6-6008 if you have any questions or comments about the surveys. (


  • This process was derived from the Decision in Principle by the Council of State on Securing the Future of Health Care issued by the Government in 2002. (
  • One outcome of the project was "the Decision in Principle by the Council of State on Securing the Future of Health Care" issued by the Government in 2002. (
  • What will the future look like if we don't take action on things that shape our health? (


  • The data for both nursing home and CCRC figures are based off reports published by Hospital & Healthcare Compensation Service in 2011. (
  • Patient-centric care: Identifiers serve to "link" all patient data. (
  • Matching the right patient with the right data at the right time is critical to ensuring patient safety and realizing the full benefits of health IT. (


  • Knowledge and attitudes towards blood donation practice are crucial and the perception of blood donation can be different between students in healthcare and non-healthcare programmes. (


  • Results from the Patient Safety Culture survey, administered in Oct. 2011, are now available. (


  • Population health: While population health has many facets, the one common thread is the need to match consumer information at an individual level in order to address the goals. (
  • The largest group in the survey has an enrolled patient population of 939,000 while the smallest has 823. (


  • The survey sample illustrates the wide variety of settings among the 4,870 sites that have been recognized as medical homes. (


  • OHCA also requested that Telligen include in the CAHPS® Child Survey the supplemental set of questions for children with chronic conditions . (




  • Medical Homes Survey reveals diverse settings, but single goal: Increase quality of care. (