GermanyGermany, WestGermany, EastBerlinEuropeNational Socialism: The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)AustriaDisease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.World War II: Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Cardiac Literature, including Myocardial Infarction, arrthymias, tachycardia, and angina sub-cluster 84Germany (T.S.); Department of Internal Medicine III, Heart Center, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany (J.M.-E.); AZ ... Germany (N.F., M.R.); Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, University of Leipzig, Heart Center, Leipzig, Germany (A.L ... Buchner Stefan S Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany Both authors ... Germany (F.B.); BioLineRx, Jerusalem, Israel (S.T.); Neufeld Cardiac Research Institute, Tel-Aviv University, Tamman ...
OsteoglossomorphaAnaethalion and similar teleosts (Actinopterygii, Pisces) from the Late Jurassic (Tithonian) of southern Germany and their ... Abstracts, Symposium on Mesozoic fishes: Systematics and Palaeoecology, Jura-Museum, Eichstätt, Germany. ...
Bottrop | Germany | Britannica.com... northwestern Germany. It lies at the northern edge of the Ruhr industrial region, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, northwest of Essen ... Bottrop, city, North Rhine-Westphalia Land (state), northwestern Germany. It lies at the northern edge of the Ruhr industrial ... Germany. country of north-central Europe, traversing the continent's main physical divisions, from the outer ranges of the Alps ... Land (state) of western Germany. It is bordered by the states of Lower Saxony to the north and northeast, Hessen to the east, ...
Newswire & Press Release / BASF Pharmaceutical Solutions Presented At CPhI Worldwide in Frankfurt, Germany - Manufacturing...Germany (hall 3.1, booth 31E19) from October 22 to 24 - BASF.com ... Messe Frankfurt, Germany. About BASF. BASF (basf.com) is the ... NewswireToday - /newswire/ - Frankfurt, Germany, 2013/09/26 - BASF representatives will be participating at CPhI Worldwide, the ... world s largest pharmaceutical trade fair scheduled to take place in Frankfurt, Germany (hall 3.1, booth 31E19) from October 22 ...
Orthodontist in Belmen (North Rhine-Westphalia) - Other Cities in North Rhine-Westphalia - North Rhine-Westphalia - Germany by...Orthodontist in Belmen (North Rhine-Westphalia) Other Cities in North Rhine-Westphalia , North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany. ...
GMS | Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie, 75. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie,...Die Rettungszeit und das berleben von Schwerverletzten in Deutschland Kleber C, Lefering R, Buschmann CT, Haas NP, Schaser KD, ...
Live in Germany - WikipediaLive in Germany (Joe Lynn Turner), publicado por el cantante Joe Lynn Turner en 2008. Live in Germany 1996, publicado por el ... Live in Germany (Jimmy Bain), publicado por el músico escocés Jimmy Bain en 1994. Live in Germany (Rainbow), publicado por el ... Con el título Live in Germany existen álbumes en directo de varios artistas musicales: Live in Germany (Héroes del Silencio), ...
GMS | 50. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie (gmds) 12....D sseldorf, K ln: German Medical Science; 2005. Doc05gmds039 Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollst ndig und ist ... It is part of the surveillance program of the German National Reference Centrefor Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections (KISS ... Jan Beyersmann - Institute of Medical Biometry and Medical Computer Science, University Hospital Freiburg, Germany ... M. Schumacher - Institute of Medical Biometry and Medical Computer Science, University Hospital Freiburg, Germany ...
German Health Reforms In 1993: New Cost Control Initiatives - DIANE Publishing Company - Google Books... reasons for the German reforms, nature of the reforms, initial reaction and expected effects of the reforms, and potential ... Examines recent German health care reform initiatives and reports on: ... targets Federal Association Federal Ministry financing former West Germany German Health German reunification Germany's health ... Former West German Budget for Social Security Benefits in 1990 German Health Care System Provides Ready Access to Medical Care ...
Chor der Oper Frankfurt; Frankfurter Opern- und Museumsorchester; Eun Sun Kim, Franz Lehár: Der Graf von Luxemburg (Live) in...Schütz: German Requiem - The Seven Words of Jesus Christ on the Cross Alsfelder Vokalensemble; Himlische Cantorey; I ...
Strengths and Weaknesses of Financing Hospitals in Germany - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS RESEARCH JOURNALMoreover, in the same part precautions taken in the German health care industry are analyzed. In the second part of the study ... In the third part critical view of the dual system in Germany is discussed. Change in financing of hospitals from 2003 shows ... In this study strengths and weaknesses of financing hospitals in the German health care sector are examined. In the first part ... resource may provide a better financial base for well-equipped hospitals to meet the challenges among the competitive German ...
A TIME'S MEMORY: #Germany, #Avian #Influenza #H5N8-#Situation #Update-New #Epizootics reported on November 28 2016 (FLI, edited)Germany, #Avian #Influenza #H5N8-#Situation #Update-New #Epizootics reported on November 28 2016 (FLI, edited) ... Title: #Germany, #Avian #Influenza #H5N8-#Situation #Update-New #Epizootics reported on November 28 2016. ... Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds and poultry epizootics in Germany. ...
Environmental Traffic Management with IMMISmt in Potsdam, Germany on Environmental XPRTGermany. The main idea of the Environmental Traffic Management in Potsdam is to reduce peak pollutant concentrations by ... No comments were found for Environmental Traffic Management with IMMISmt in Potsdam, Germany. Be the first to comment! ... The aim of this operational system, which is currently unique in Germany, is to improve air quality and reduce exceedances of ... Potsdam, the capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg, is part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. ...
GMS | 68. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie 90. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und...D sseldorf, K ln: German Medical Science; 2004. Doc04dguE8-1525 The electronic version of this article is the complete one and ...
Grafenwoehr, GermanyIn 1936, Adolf Hitler came to power and in a few years the training area became too small for the fast growing German army. In ... Grafenwoehr, Germany. Grafenwoehr is located in beautiful Bavaria, near Nuremberg. The major command is the 7th Army Training ... The border between Germany and the Czech Republic is only an hour away. @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and ( ... Some may remember it as Strafenwoehr, a play on words about "Punish-Woehr" because the German word for punishment is the ...
WHO | Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety, 2-3 December 2004... in close temporal association with the administration of a hexavalent vaccine in southern Germany raised concern. The German ... They have contributed to a significant increase in the infant vaccine coverage against hepatitis B in Austria, Germany, Italy ...
A TIME'S MEMORY: #Germany, #Avian #Influenza #H5N8-#Situation #Update-New #Epizootics reported, Jan. 9 '17 (FLI, edited)Germany, #Avian #Influenza #H5N8-#Situation #Update-New #Epizootics reported, Jan. 9 '17 (FLI, edited) ... Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry and wild birds epizootics in Germany. ...
Nurnberg | Germany | Britannica.com... southern Germany. Bavaria's second largest city (after Munich), Nürnberg is located on the Pegnitz River where it emerges from ... glassmaking (in glassware: Germany) (in glassware: Germany) *metalwork (in metalwork: Germany and the Low Countries) (in ... in Leaders of Germany. Germany is a federal multiparty republic with two legislative houses. Its government is headed by the ... It was captured by U.S. troops and was the scene of the Nürnberg trials, the Allied trials of German war criminals. After World ...
Glaucoma | Laser iridectomy. Ophthalmology: Treatment in Germany, Frankfurt am Main hospitals on BookingHealth.comOphthalmology: Treatment in Frankfurt am Main, Germany ✈. Prices on BookingHealth.com - booking treatment online! ...
Merz research Shows Long-term Benefits for Patients Wit... ( FRANKFURT AM MAIN Germany October 21 ...)FRANKFURT AM MAIN Germany October 21 2011 /- ... At the 5 th International Dystonia Sym...Dystonia is a particularly ... FRANKFURT AM MAIN, Germany, October 21, 2011 /PRNewswire/ --. At the 5th International Dystonia Symposium (IDS) in Barcelona, ... FRANKFURT AM MAIN Germany October 21 2011 /- ... At the 5 th International Dystonia Sym...Dystonia is a particularly ...
Germany - OECDThe Role Of Competition Policy In Regulatory Reform in Germany * Enhancing Market Openness Through Regulatory Reform in Germany ... Improving the Capacity to Innovate in Germany (Economics Department Working Paper 407) Key indicators show Germany belonging to ... Germany: Consolidating Economic and Social Renewal - OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform This review presents an overall picture ... Consolidating Germany's Finances: Issues in Public Sector Spending Reform (Economics Department Working Paper 366) This working ...
Germany | InhabitotsAlmost finished... We need to confirm your email address. To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you.. ...
Germany : NPRGermany
Haste, Germany - WikipediaHaste is a municipality in the district of Schaumburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haste,_Germany&oldid=760965614" ...
Baden, Lower Saxony: Baden is a town near Bremen, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is known to Africanists and Phoneticians as the place where Diedrich Hermann Westermann was born and died.West Germany at the 1976 Winter Paralympics: The West Germany competed at the 1976 Winter Paralympics in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden from February 21 to 28, 1976. The team finished first out of the sixteen competing nations in the medal table and won twenty eight medals: ten gold, twelve silver and six bronze.Intershop: Intershop was a chain of government-run retail stores in the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) in which only hard currencies (and later Forum Checks) could be used to purchase high-quality goods. The East German mark was not accepted as payment.Internationales Congress Centrum Berlin: The Internationales Congress Centrum Berlin (abbreviated ICC Berlin), located in the Westend locality of the Berlin borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, is one of the largest conference centres in the world. It is used for conventions, theatrical productions, and concerts.GA²LENMass suicides in 1945 Nazi Germany: Mass suicides in 1945 Nazi Germany among civilians, government officials and military personnel alike occurred with unusual frequency during the final weeks of Nazi Germany and the end of World War II in Europe for numerous reasons. These include the influence of Nazi propaganda, reaction to the suicide of Adolf Hitler, loyalty to the tenets of the Nazi Party, the nation's impending defeat in war, the anticipated Allied occupation of Nazi Germany, and fears of harsh treatment at the hands of military personnel both from the Western armies and the Soviet army.Healthcare in Austria: The nation of Austria has a two-tier health care system in which virtually all individuals receive publicly funded care, but they also have the option to purchase supplementary private health insurance. Some individuals choose to completely pay for their care privately.National Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==World War II in popular culture: There is a wide range of ways in which people have represented World War II in popular culture. Many works were created during the years of conflict and many more have arisen from that period of world history.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.
(1/5356) Health status of Persian Gulf War veterans: self-reported symptoms, environmental exposures and the effect of stress.
BACKGROUND: Most US troops returned home from the Persian Gulf War (PGW) by Spring 1991 and many began reporting increased health symptoms and medical problems soon after. This investigation examines the relationships between several Gulf-service environmental exposures and health symptom reporting, and the role of traumatic psychological stress on the exposure-health symptom relationships. METHODS: Stratified, random samples of two cohorts of PGW veterans, from the New England area (n = 220) and from the New Orleans area (n = 71), were selected from larger cohorts being followed longitudinally since arrival home from the Gulf. A group of PGW-era veterans deployed to Germany (n = 50) served as a comparison group. The study protocol included questionnaires, a neuropsychological test battery, an environmental interview, and psychological diagnostic interviews. This report focuses on self-reported health symptoms and exposures of participants who completed a 52-item health symptom checklist and a checklist of environmental exposures. RESULTS: The prevalence of reported symptoms was greater in both Persian Gulf-deployed cohorts compared to the Germany cohort. Analyses of the body-system symptom scores (BSS), weighted to account for sampling design, and adjusted by age, sex, and education, indicated that Persian Gulf-deployed veterans were more likely to report neurological, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cardiac, dermatological, musculoskeletal, psychological and neuropsychological system symptoms than Germany veterans. Using a priori hypotheses about the toxicant effects of exposure to specific toxicants, the relationships between self-reported exposures and body-system symptom groupings were examined through multiple regression analyses, controlling for war-zone exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Self-reported exposures to pesticides, debris from Scuds, chemical and biological warfare (CBW) agents, and smoke from tent heaters each were significantly related to increased reporting of specific predicted BSS groupings. CONCLUSIONS: Veterans deployed to the Persian Gulf have higher self-reported prevalence of health symptoms compared to PGW veterans who were deployed only as far as Germany. Several Gulf-service environmental exposures are associated with increased health symptom reporting involving predicted body-systems, after adjusting for war-zone stressor exposures and PTSD. (+info)
(2/5356) Quality circles in ambulatory care: state of development and future perspective in Germany.
OBJECTIVE: To survey the quantitative development of quality circles (peer review groups; QC) and their moderators in ambulatory care in Germany, to describe approaches to documentation and evaluation, to establish what types of facilities and support is available and to assess opinions on the future importance of QC. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using a standardized questionnaire and supplementary telephone interviews. SETTING: All 23 German regional Associations of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (ASHIP) were surveyed. RESULTS: The total number of QC in ambulatory care in Germany increased rapidly from 16 in 1993 to 1633 in June 1996, with about 17% (range 1.0-52.1%) of all practicing physicians (112 158) currently involved. Throughout Germany, 2403 moderators were trained in 168 training courses by the qualifying date. Follow-up meetings were held or being planned in 20 ASHIP, with approximately 39% (23-95%) of the moderators participating. Systematic documentation of QC work was undertaken or planned in all 23 ASHIIP, and 10 ASHIP carried out comparative evaluation, with at least five others planning to start it. The ASHIP promoted the work of QC by providing organizational (22) or financial (20) support, materials (20) or mediation of resource persons (16). Eleven ASHIP received grants from drug companies. ASHIP rated the future importance of QC as increasing (18) or stable (four), but in no case as decreasing. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: The quantitative growth of QC in Germany is encouraging, but the extent of support and evaluation appears insufficient. Increased methodological support and facilitation, follow-up meetings on a more regular basis, improved documentation and evaluation of individual QC, and problem oriented evaluation of their impact on health care are essential for further successful development. Principles, problems and solutions discussed may be relevant for similar QI activities in other countries. (+info)
(3/5356) Erich Muhe and the rejection of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (1985): a surgeon ahead of his time.
During the early 1980s, news of Semm's laparoscopic appendectomy was rippling through German medical circles. Erich Muhe, fascinated by Semm's technique and spurred by successes of the Erlangen endoscopists, came up with the idea of laparoscopic removal of gallstones. In 1984, Muhe had already worked out the details of an operative laparoscope, the "Galloscope," and on September 12, 1985, he carried out the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Later, he modified his technique and operated through a trocar sleeve. Finally, he designed an "open laparoscope" with a circular light. By March 1987, Muhe had conducted 97 endoscopic gallbladder removals. He published information about his technique at the Congress of the German Surgical Society (April 1986) and at other surgical meetings in Germany. His concept, however, was ignored. In the middle of the 1980s, the surgical community was still not prepared for the era of "minimally invasive therapy." Erich Muhe was a surgeon ahead of his time. (+info)
(4/5356) Moxifloxacin: a comparison with other antimicrobial agents of in-vitro activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae.
Two hundred representative isolates, including 26 strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae with intermediate resistance to penicillin, were selected from a collection obtained from blood cultures of patients with bacteraemic pneumococcal pneumonia. The MICs of moxifloxacin (BAY 12-8039), grepafloxacin, sparfloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, tetracycline and penicillin G were determined by a standard agar dilution technique. Moxifloxacin had the highest in-vitro activity against S. pneumoniae (MIC90 = 0.25 mg/L; MIC range 0.06-0.25 mg/L). The MIC90 values were one dilution lower than those obtained with sparfloxacin and grepafloxacin, three dilutions lower than those obtained with levofloxacin, and four dilutions lower than those of ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin. (+info)
(5/5356) Linkage disequilibrium and haplotype analysis in German Friedreich ataxia families.
The main mutation causing Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is the expansion of a GAA repeat localized within the intron between exon 1 and exon 2 of the gene X25. This expansion has been observed in 98% of FRDA chromosomes. To analyze frequencies of markers tightly linked to the Friedreich ataxia gene and to investigate wheter a limited number of ancestral chromosomes are shared by German FRDA families, a detailed analysis employing nine polymorphic markers was performed. We found strong linkage disequilibria and association of FRDA expansions with a few haplotypes. FRDA haplotypes differ significantly from control haplotypes. Our results confirm that GAA repeat expansions in intron 1 of the frataxin gene are limited to a few chromosomes and indicate an obvious founder effect in German patients. Based on these analyses, we estimate a minimum age of the mutation of 107 generations. (+info)
(6/5356) Autoantibody appearance and risk for development of childhood diabetes in offspring of parents with type 1 diabetes: the 2-year analysis of the German BABYDIAB Study.
The temporal development of autoantibodies was studied in 1,353 offspring of parents with type 1 diabetes. Islet cell antibodies (ICAs) and autoantibodies to insulin (IAAs), glutamic acid decarboxylase, and IA-2 were measured at birth, 9 months, 2 years, and 5 years of age. At birth, no offspring had islet autoimmunity other than maternally acquired antibodies, which were shown to influence antibody prevalence up to age 6 months. Antibodies detected thereafter were likely to represent a true de novo production, since prevalences were the same for offspring from mothers and fathers with diabetes, antibodies detected at 9 months were almost always confirmed in the 2-year sample and were associated with an increased likelihood of having or developing other antibodies. By 2 years of age, autoantibodies appeared in 11% of offspring, 3.5% having more than one autoantibody. IAAs were detected most frequently, and few had autoantibodies in the absence of IAAs. In 23 offspring with multiple islet autoantibodies, IAAs preceded other antibodies in 10 cases and were first detected concurrently with other antibodies in 12 and after detection of other antibodies in 1. Development of additional antibodies and changes in levels, including decline of IAAs at older age, was frequent. Nine children, all with IAAs and ICAs, developed diabetes. Overall cumulative risk for disease by 5 years of age was 1.8% (95% CI 0.2-3.4) and was 50% (95% CI 19-81) for offspring with more than one autoantibody in their 2-year sample. Autoimmunity associated with childhood diabetes is an early event and a dynamic process. Presence of IAAs is a consistent feature of this autoimmunity, and IAA detection can identify children at risk. (+info)
(7/5356) Inverse graded relation between alcohol consumption and active infection with Helicobacter pylori.
Alcoholic beverages are known to have strong antibacterial activity. It is unclear, however, to what degree their consumption affects colonization of the human stomach with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, a risk factor of various chronic diseases. The authors assessed the relation between alcohol consumption and active infection with H. pylori in a cross-sectional study among employees of a health insurance company and their household members (n = 425) in southern Germany. Quantitative information on alcohol consumption by beverage type and other factors that were known or suspected to be related to infection status was collected by a standardized questionnaire, and active infection was measured by the 13C-urea breath test. After control for confounding factors, there was a monotonic inverse graded relation between alcohol consumption and H. pylori infection (p for trend = 0.017). The odds ratio of infection among subjects who consumed more than 75 g of alcohol per week compared with subjects who did not drink alcohol was 0.31 (95 percent confidence interval 0.12-0.81). The inverse relation with H. pylori infection was stronger for alcohol consumed in the form of wine than for alcohol from beer. Notwithstanding its cross-sectional design, this study seems to support the hypothesis that alcohol consumption, particularly wine consumption, may reduce the odds of active infection with H. pylori. (+info)
(8/5356) A large outbreak of hemolytic uremic syndrome caused by an unusual sorbitol-fermenting strain of Escherichia coli O157:H-.
Escherichia coli O157:H7 does not ferment sorbitol, a factor used to differentiate it from other E. coli. From December 1995 to March 1996, 28 children with hemolytic uremic syndrome in Bavaria, Germany, were identified; many had a sorbitol-fermenting (sf) E. coli O157:H- cultured. A case-control study showed a dose-response relationship between sausage consumption and illness. A second case-control study showed a relationship between mortadella and teewurst consumption and illness, particularly during December (mortadella odds ratio [OR], 10.5, P=.004; teewurst OR, 6.2, P=.02). Twelve sf O157:H- were characterized to determine clonality and virulence traits. The strains possessed the Stx2, eae, and EHEC-hlyA genes but were nonhemolytic on blood agar plates. The O157:H- isolates belonged to phage type 88 and had identical pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns. This outbreak was caused by sf E. coli O157:H-, which is not detectable by culture on sorbitol MacConkey's agar. Consumption of two sausages, including a raw beef-containing sausage, was statistically related to illness. (+info)
- Klaus Schacht, chief war crimes investigator for the West German state prosecutor's office, said Maikovskis was arrested at his home in Munster because of fears he might try to flee West Germany. (jta.org)
- Tens of thousands of East Germans began to flee the nation, and by late 1989 the Berlin Wall started to come down. (history.com)
- Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher told a group of Arab officials here that there is a continuity in the Middle East policy of the new West German government headed by Chancellor Helmut Kohl and that of the previous government under Chancellor Helmut Schmidt. (jta.org)
- Two months following reunification, all-German elections took place and Helmut Kohl became the first chancellor of the reunified Germany. (history.com)
- Schacht said his office in Dortmund would appreciate assistance from the Soviet Union, but he did not say whether West Germany would deport Maikovskis to the Soviet Union. (jta.org)
- There is currently no extradition treaty between West Germany and the Soviet Union. (jta.org)
- The Office of Special Investigations of the Justice Department had been trying to deport Maikovskis to the Soviet Union because its first choice, West Germany, had refused several requests to try Maikovskis there. (jta.org)
- Although this action came more than a year before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, for many observers the reunification of Germany effectively marked the end of the Cold War. (history.com)
- West German authorities have detained Boleslavs Maikovskis, an ex-Nazi who was recently discovered having fled the United States while awaiting deportation. (jta.org)
- According to the latest, unverified accounts, Maikovskis asked for West German asylum last November after fleeing the United States. (jta.org)
- Shortly thereafter, talks between East and West German officials, joined by officials from the United States, Great Britain, France, and the USSR, began to explore the possibility of reunification. (history.com)
- Germany will fight World War II without a heavy bomber . (everything2.com)
- Since 1945, when Soviet forces occupied eastern Germany, and the United States and other Allied forces occupied the western half of the nation at the close of World War II, divided Germany had come to serve as one of the most enduring symbols of the Cold War. (history.com)
- The German government asks its citizens not to patronize Jewish doctors. (everything2.com)
- Hitler's government forbids German citizens from accepting any Nobel Prize . (everything2.com)
- Fearing a German invasion, the Czech government institutes compulsory military training for those aged 6 to 60. (everything2.com)
- Maikovskis, 84, reportedly entered West Germany on a Latvian passport issued by the Latvian government in exile. (jta.org)
- Nationalist forces, aided by their German and Italian allies, capture Bilbao . (everything2.com)