Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Tick-Borne Diseases: Bacterial, viral, or parasitic diseases transmitted to humans and animals by the bite of infected ticks. The families Ixodidae and Argasidae contain many bloodsucking species that are important pests of man and domestic birds and mammals and probably exceed all other arthropods in the number and variety of disease agents they transmit. Many of the tick-borne diseases are zoonotic.PolandVibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Electronic Nose: A device used to detect airborne odors, gases, flavors, volatile substances or vapors.Water Cycle: Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome: An occupational disorder resulting from prolonged exposure to vibration, affecting the fingers, hands, and forearms. It occurs in workers who regularly use vibrating tools such as jackhammers, power chain saws, riveters, etc. Symptoms include episodic finger blanching, NUMBNESS, tingling, and loss of nerve sensitivity.Eucalyptus: A genus of trees of the Myrtaceae family, native to Australia, that yields gums, oils, and resins which are used as flavoring agents, astringents, and aromatics.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Encephalitis, Tick-Borne: Encephalitis caused by neurotropic viruses that are transmitted via the bite of TICKS. In Europe, the diseases are caused by ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, TICK-BORNE, which give rise to Russian spring-summer encephalitis, central European encephalitis, louping ill encephalitis, and related disorders. Powassan encephalitis occurs in North America and Russia and is caused by the Powassan virus. ASEPTIC MENINGITIS and rarely encephalitis may complicate COLORADO TICK FEVER which is endemic to mountainous regions of the western United States. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp14-5)Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Lyme Disease: An infectious disease caused by a spirochete, BORRELIA BURGDORFERI, which is transmitted chiefly by Ixodes dammini (see IXODES) and pacificus ticks in the United States and Ixodes ricinis (see IXODES) in Europe. It is a disease with early and late cutaneous manifestations plus involvement of the nervous system, heart, eye, and joints in variable combinations. The disease was formerly known as Lyme arthritis and first discovered at Old Lyme, Connecticut.Pinus: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.Bites and StingsSeroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Heat Stroke: A condition caused by the failure of body to dissipate heat in an excessively hot environment or during PHYSICAL EXERTION in a hot environment. Contrast to HEAT EXHAUSTION, the body temperature in heat stroke patient is dangerously high with red, hot skin accompanied by DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.Encephalitis Viruses, Tick-Borne: A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS that causes encephalitis and hemorrhagic fevers and is found in eastern and western Europe and the former Soviet Union. It is transmitted by TICKS and there is an associated milk-borne transmission from viremic cattle, goats, and sheep.Populus: A plant genus of the family SALICACEAE. Balm of Gilead is a common name used for P. candicans, or P. gileadensis, or P. jackii, and sometimes also used for ABIES BALSAMEA or for COMMIPHORA.

*  Forest Products Export Standards - Phytosanitary Requirements of United Kingdom | MPI - Ministry for Primary Industries. A New...

HOME: Law & policy , Requirements , Importing Countries Phytosanitary Requirements , Forestry ICPRs , Forest Products Export ...
mpi.govt.nz/law-and-policy/requirements/importing-countries-phytosanitary-requirements/forestry-icprs/united-kingdom/

*  Cycling and transport of phosphorus and nitrogen from harvested peatland forests and possible mitigation and methods

Drainage of peatlands has been part of forestry practice since the early 20th century. In Ireland and the UK, approximately ...
https://aran.library.nuigalway.ie/handle/10379/3431

*  Board Meetings

... or the Arid Zone Forestry Research Institute (AFRI). ...
environment.rajasthan.gov.in/content/environment/en/rsbb/public-information/board-meetings.html

*  United States Congress House Committee on Agriculture Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight, Nutrition, and Forestry...

Subcommittee on Conservation, Energy, and Forestry. United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on ... The state of the dairy industry : hearing before the Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight, Nutrition, and Forestry ... United States Congress House Committee on Agriculture Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight, Nutrition, and Forestry ... control Forest management Forest products Forest products industry Forest protection Forests and forestry Forests and forestry ...
worldcat.org/identities/lccn-no99-23084/

*  Forestry contacts database

The forestry contacts database contains information on numerous organizations and individuals involved in forestry issues ... official contacts - FAO interacts with a number of official country counterparts in forestry which are nominated by FAO member ...
fao.org/forestry/networking/en/

*  Certification heats up Forestry debate - FarmIreland.ie

Forestry & Enviro Why you can't fire up your chainsaw anymore until paperwork is.... ... Certification heats up Forestry debate. CONCERN: Forest certification was the subject of much debate at the recent National ... In many EU member states the regulations governing the forestry sector are rather more onerous than ours, and more rigorously ... William Merivale is national secretary of PEFC Ireland and a forestry consultant based in Cork. Email: william@cjandco.net ...
independent.ie/business/farming/certification-heats-up-forestry-debate-29706552.html

*  Cary Deffenbaugh Forestry Alumni Association Scholarship - Fastweb

You must be a forestry technology major, have a completed at least 30 credit ... ... The Cary Deffenbaugh Forestry Alumni Association Scholarship is available to students at Allegany College of Maryland. ... The Cary Deffenbaugh Forestry Alumni Association Scholarship is available to students at Allegany College of Maryland. You must ... Cary Deffenbaugh Forestry Alumni Association Scholarship. Provided by: Allegany College of Maryland ...
https://fastweb.com/college-scholarships/scholarships/91516-cary-deffenbaugh-forestry-alumni-association-scholarship

*  Multi-level governance and adaptive capacity in West Africa | Center for International Forestry Research

In most regions in West Africa, livelihoods depend heavily on forest ecosystem goods and services, often in interplay with agricultural and livestock production systems. Numerous drivers of change are creating a range of fundamental economic, ecological, social and political challenges for the gover
https://cifor.org/library/3883/multi-level-governance-and-adaptive-capacity-in-west-africa/?pub=3883

*  Supplies of bushmeat for livelihoods in logging towns in the Congo Basin | Center for International Forestry Research

The focus of this study is on the importance of bushmeat to the economies of 99 hunting households in two logging towns, northern boundary of the Lobeke National Park, East Province of Cameroon. In this area, bushmeat was the major source of daily animal protein and an estimated 37 960 wild animals
https://cifor.org/library/2974/supplies-of-bushmeat-for-livelihoods-in-logging-towns-in-the-congo-basin/

*  Procurement | Forestry

Get the latest news for forestry delivered directly to you.. Sign up Today ...
esri.com/industries/forestry/procurement

*  Ghana - Forestry

Forestry. Ghana Table of Contents Forests cover about one-third of Ghana's total area, with commercial forestry concentrated in ... The forestry sector was given a large boost in 1986, mainly because of the World Bank's US$24 million timber rehabilitation ... Since 1983 forestry has benefited from more than US$120 million in aid and commercial credits and has undergone substantial ... Until the 1980s, forestry production suffered because of the overvalued cedi and deterioration of the transportation ...
countrystudies.us/ghana/81.htm

*  State Forestry Administration

The State Forestry Administration is an agency responsible for forestry work directly under the State Council. It has 11 ... Notice: The English version of www.forestry.gov.cn is under construction. ...
gov.cn/english/2005-10/03/content_74286.htm

*  Forestry & Forest Products: Lobbying, 2017 | OpenSecrets

Forestry & Forest Products: Lobbying, 2017. Loading Chart. Total for Forestry & Forest Products: $7,163,928. Total Number of ...
opensecrets.org/industries/lobbying.php?cycle=2012&ind=A10

*  Database | ACGT

SA Forestry, the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry and the Institute for Commerical Forestry Research. As such, the team ... Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute. Plant pathology.. Plant biosciences. Aveling, Theresa Department of ... Forestry Competency Area. Focussing on the improvement of trees through Quantitative Genetics: Penicillium and Blup. Plant ... These include those linked to the TPCP (see the TPCP section of this web site) and funded by the South African Forestry ...
acgt.co.za/database?browse=subresearch

*  17th Symposium on Systems Analysis of Forest Resources | Offshoots

Co-sponsored by the Precision Forestry Cooperative, the 2017 SSAFR will be unique in that it will bring together two ... climate change David Butman David Ford Director's Message Ernesto Alvarado ESRM Greg Ettl IFSA International Forestry Students ...
depts.washington.edu/sefsblog/tag/17th-symposium-on-systems-analysis-of-forest-resources/

*  Chlorophyll Content Meter... | Forestry Suppliers, Inc.

Forestry Suppliers reserves the right to post any question that we feel might benefit other customers or enhance understanding ... Your review may be posted on the web site within three business days and becomes the sole property of Forestry Suppliers Inc. ... 205 West Rankin Street Jackson, MS 39201 cs@forestry-suppliers.com 800-752-8460 ... http://www.forestry-suppliers.com http://www.forestry-suppliers.com/pics/jim-gem-logo.png ...
forestry-suppliers.com/product_pages/Products.asp?mi=83091/wp-login.php

*  Committee on Mediterranean Forestry Questions-Silva Mediterranea

Identify forestry research priorities in the Mediterranean area, determine forestry research projects of common interest to ... Determine and carry out, in collaboration with member nations and with the support of the appropriate national forestry ... Periodically examine progress in forestry technology within regional and ecological contexts in order to better assess present ... member governments in the region and recommend measures necessary for forestry research institutes in the region to carry out ...
fao.org/forestry/silva-mediterranea/en/

*  Forestry Commission - Fujitsu Sweden

... the Forestry Commission awarded Fujitsu a three year contract, with an option for two more years, to provide a UK-wide call ... The Forestry Commission is the government department responsible for forestry policy throughout Great Britain. Its mission is ... Forestry Commission. There's probably nothing. that it couldn't take on for us. ... The work of the Forestry Commission is conducted in England, Scotland and Wales. The department manages more than 1,000,000 ...
fujitsu.com/se/about/resources/case-studies/fs-forestry-commission-review.html

*  Unasylva - No. 190-191 - Eleventh world forestry congress - Enhancing the productive functions of tropical rain forest: a...

This is a golden opportunity for forestry and the forestry profession to create an impact on the global environment as well as ... Plantation forestry at the millennium. Special paper prepared for the Eleventh World Forestry Congress, 13-22 October 1997. ... Finally, there is the area of R&D. Forestry research and forestry science lag far behind other sciences. Information technology ... Paper presented at the International Forestry Seminar, Kuala Lumpur. Sarawak Forestry Department, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. ...
fao.org/docrep/w6251e/w6251e07.htm

*  Legal Liability Training | Forestry South Africa

Forestry South Africa is NOT a Trading Company and as such neither sells or supplies any goods or services. Trade Enquires ... NOTE: The commercial aspect of the Forestry South Africa (FSA) website, as well as the commercial side of the FSA Newsletter, ... is managed and run by Fevertree Media (Pty) Ltd which is a separately run entity to the non-profit organisation Forestry South ...
forestry.co.za/forestry-business-directory-legal-liability-training-t/

*  Sheep & Goat, Livestock Supplies, Agriculture & Forestry, Business & Industrial • 2,962 Items - PicClick

Forestry, Business & Industrial. Shop the Largest Selection, Click to See! Search eBay faster with PicClick. Money Back ...
https://picclick.com/Business-Industrial/Agriculture-Forestry/Livestock-Supplies/Sheep-Goat/

*  World Forestry Congress XIII

The XIII WFC will be the first "Carbon Neutral" World Forestry Congress - newsletter 32 ... Interview with Alexey Savinov, Head of the Russian Federal Forestry Agency - newsletter 27 ...
fao.org/forestry/85788/en/

History of the New York State College of Forestry: The New York State College of Forestry, the first professional school of forestry in North America, opened its doors at Cornell University, in Ithaca, New York, in the autumn of 1898.http://foresthistory.Peat swamp forest: Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soil prevents dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing. Over time, this creates a thick layer of acidic peat.Tick-borne disease: Tick-borne diseases, which afflict humans and other animals, are caused by infectious agents transmitted by tick bites. Tick-borne illnesses are caused by infection with a variety of pathogens, including rickettsia and other types of bacteria, viruses, and protozoa.Katowice International Fair: Katowice International Fair () is an international trade fair in Katowice and one of the largest in Poland (the largest being the Poznań International Fair). Few dozen events are organized there each year, with the participation of some 4,500 companies.Vibration white finger: Vibration white finger (VWF), also known as hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) or dead finger,) is a secondary form of Raynaud's syndrome, an industrial injury triggered by continuous use of vibrating hand-held machinery. Use of the term "vibration white finger" has generally been superseded in professional usage by broader concept of HAVS, although it is still used by the general public.Global Energy and Water Cycle ExperimentChilalo Agricultural Development Union: Chilalo Agricultural Development Union (CADU) is the first comprehensive package project established in Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia to modernize traditional subsistence agriculture. The major components of the package programmes include fertilizers, ameliorated seeds, farm credits, marketing facilities, better tools and implements, and improved storage facilities.Eucalyptus globulus: The Tasmanian blue gum, southern blue gum or blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus) is an evergreen tree, one of the most widely cultivated trees native to Australia. They typically grow from tall.Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Occupational fatality: An occupational fatality is a death that occurs while a person is at work or performing work related tasks. Occupational fatalities are also commonly called “occupational deaths” or “work-related deaths/fatalities” and can occur in any industry or occupation.Meramec Conservation AreaWood fibre: Wood fibers are usually cellulosic elements that are extracted from trees and used to make materials including paper.Lyme disease microbiology: Lyme disease, or borreliosis, is caused by spirochetal bacteria from the genus Borrelia, which has at least 37 known species, 12 of which are Lyme related, and an unknown number of genomic strains. Borrelia species known to cause Lyme disease are collectively known as Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato.Pinus pinasterSting (fixture): In experimental fluid mechanics, a sting is a test fixture on which models are mounted for testing, e.g.Seroprevalence: Seroprevalence is the number of persons in a population who test positive for a specific disease based on serology (blood serum) specimens; often presented as a percent of the total specimens tested or as a proportion per 100,000 persons tested. As positively identifying the occurrence of disease is usually based upon the presence of antibodies for that disease (especially with viral infections such as Herpes Simplex and HIV), this number is not significant if the specificity of the antibody is low.Pocket petHyperthermiaTick-borne encephalitis virus: Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is the virus associated with tick-borne encephalitis.Populus tremula: Populus tremula, commonly called aspen, common aspen, Eurasian aspen, European aspen, or quaking aspen, is a species of poplar native to cool temperate regions of Europe and Asia, from Iceland and the British IslesJames Kilkelly Irish native Aspen tree east to Kamchatka, north to inside the Arctic Circle in Scandinavia and northern Russia, and south to central Spain, Turkey, the Tian Shan, North Korea, and northern Japan. It also occurs at one site in northwest Africa in Algeria.

(1/296) Predictors and consequences of unemployment in construction and forest work during a 5-year follow-up.

OBJECTIVES: The study investigated whether indicators of health, work conditions, or life-style predict subsequent unemployment and also the unemployment consequences related to health or life-style. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 781 male construction and 877 male forest workers (aged 20-49 years and working at the beginning of the study) in 1989 and 1994. Employment status during follow-up was ranked into the following 4 categories according to the employment status and unemployment time: continuously employed, re-employed, short-term (< or = 24 months) unemployed and long-term (> or =24 months) unemployed. RESULTS: The following base-line factors were associated with long-term unemployment during follow-up among the construction workers: age >40 years, poor subjective health, smoking, frequent heavy use of alcohol, low job satisfaction, marital status (single), and unemployment during the year preceding the initial survey. Among the forest workers, age >40 years, frequent stress symptoms, and preceding unemployment entered the model. In addition smoking predicted unemployment among the forest workers with no preceding unemployment. The proportion of regular smokers decreased among the long-term unemployed. Physical exercise was more frequent at the time of follow-up than it was initially, particularly among the unemployed. Stress symptoms increased among the construction workers, but musculoskeletal symptoms decreased significantly among the long-term unemployed. Among the forest workers stress symptoms decreased among the continuously employed and re-employed persons, but musculoskeletal symptoms decreased significantly for them all. CONCLUSIONS: Unemployment among construction workers is to some extent dependent on life-style, health, and job satisfaction in addition to age, marital status, and unemployment history. For forest workers, unemployment is less determined by individual factors. Changes in distress and musculoskeletal symptoms are dependent on employment, particularly among construction workers.  (+info)

(2/296) Similar non-random processes maintain diversity in two tropical rainforests.

Quadrat-based analysis of two rainforest plots of area 50 ha, one in Panama (Barro Colorado Island, BCI) and the other in Malaysia (Pasoh), shows that in both plots recruitment is in general negatively correlated with both numbers and biomass of adult trees of the same species in the same quadrat. At BCI, this effect is not significantly influenced by treefall gaps. In both plots, recruitment of individual species is negatively correlated with the numbers of trees of all species in the quadrats, but not with overall biomass. These observations suggest, but do not prove, widespread frequency-dependent effects produced by pathogens and seed-predators that act most effectively in quadrats crowded with trees. Within-species correlations of mortality with numbers or biomass are not found in either plot, indicating that most frequency-dependent mortality takes place before the trees reach 1 cm in diameter. Stochastic effects caused by BCI's more rapid tree turnover may contribute to a larger variance in diversity from quadrat to quadrat at BCI, although they are not sufficient to explain why BCI has fewer than half as many tree species as Pasoh. Finally, in both plots quadrats with low diversity show a significant increase in diversity over time, and this increase is stronger at BCI. This process, like the frequency-dependence, will tend to maintain diversity over time. In general, these non-random forces that should lead to the maintenance of diversity are slightly stronger at BCI, even though the BCI plot is less diverse than the Pasoh plot.  (+info)

(3/296) Antibody response to OspC-I synthetic peptide derived from outer surface protein C of Borrelia burgdorferi in sera from Japanese forestry workers.

The prevalence of antibodies against Lyme disease spirochaetes in serum samples from 80 forestry workers at high occupational risk of Lyme disease was surveyed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with the OspC-I synthetic peptide. The peptide is part of the outer surface protein C (OspC) amino acid sequence located in the region conserved among Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto or sensu lato. Positivity for antibodies against OspC-I was observed in 25 (313%) of the forestry workers. Of these positive cases, 12 (15.0%) and 19 (23.8%) were positive for immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG antibody, respectively. Among 62 workers who were negative for IgG antibody against B. garinii or B. japonica in our previous study, 9 (14.5%) and 4 (6.5%) were positive for IgM and IgG antibody, respectively, in OspC-I ELISA. These results demonstrate for the first time that Lyme disease in forestry workers can be revealed using OspC-I ELISA. We conclude that forestry workers who show positive results for antibodies against OspC-I have very likely been exposed to Lyme disease spirochaetes, and that those who show positivity for IgM antibody against OspC-I may be in the early stage of Lyme disease.  (+info)

(4/296) Short report: simultaneous occurrence of Dobrava, Puumala, and Tula Hantaviruses in Slovakia.

The prevalence of antibody to hantaviruses in Slovakia (serum panel n = 2,133) was lower in the western part (0.54%) and higher in the eastern part (1.91%) of the country and was found to be significantly enhanced in a group of forest workers from eastern Slovakia (5.88%). One-third of the IgM-negative convalescent phase sera from patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome exhibited antibodies reacting predominantly with Puumala virus antigen, while two-thirds had antibodies directed mainly against Hantaan virus antigen. Fine analysis of two Hantaan virus-reactive sera by a focus reduction neutralization test showed that Dobrava hantavirus was the source of these human infections. Initial results of rodent screening indicated the circulation of Dobrava virus in populations of striped field mice (Apodemus agrarius) in eastern Slovakia.  (+info)

(5/296) Evidence of Rickettsia helvetica infection in humans, eastern France.

A 37-year-old man living in eastern France seroconverted to Rickettsia helvetica in August 1997, 4 weeks after the onset of an unexplained febrile illness. Results of a serosurvey of forest workers from the area where the patient lived showed a 9.2% seroprevalence against R. helvetica. This organism may pose a threat for populations exposed to Ixodes ricinus ticks.  (+info)

(6/296) Contributions of land-use history to carbon accumulation in U.S. forests.

Carbon accumulation in forests has been attributed to historical changes in land use and the enhancement of tree growth by CO2 fertilization, N deposition, and climate change. The relative contribution of land use and growth enhancement is estimated by using inventory data from five states spanning a latitudinal gradient in the eastern United States. Land use is the dominant factor governing the rate of carbon accumulation in these states, with growth enhancement contributing far less than previously reported. The estimated fraction of aboveground net ecosystem production due to growth enhancement is 2.0 +/- 4.4%, with the remainder due to land use.  (+info)

(7/296) Comparison of expert-rater methods for assessing psychosocial job strain.

OBJECTIVES: This study tested the reliability and validity of industry- and mill-level expert methods for measuring psychosocial work conditions in British Columbia sawmills using the demand-control model. METHODS: In the industry-level method 4 sawmill job evaluators estimated psychosocial work conditions at a generic sawmill. In the mill-level method panels of experienced sawmill workers estimated psychosocial work conditions at 3 sawmills. Scores for psychosocial work conditions were developed using both expert methods and applied to job titles in a sawmill worker database containing self-reported health status and heart disease. The interrater reliability and the concurrent and predictive validity of the expert rater methods were assessed. RESULTS: The interrater reliability and concurrent reliability were higher for the mill-level method than for the industry-level method. For all the psychosocial variables the reliability for the mill-level method was greater than 0.90. The predictive validity results were inconclusive. CONCLUSIONS: The greater reliability and concurrent validity of the mill-level method indicates that panels of experienced workers should be considered as potential experts in future studies measuring psychosocial work conditions.  (+info)

(8/296) Longitudinal study on work related and individual risk factors affecting radiating neck pain.

OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of work related and individual factors affecting radiating neck pain. METHODS: A longitudinal study was carried out with repeated measurements. A total of 5180 Finnish forest industry workers replied to a questionnaire survey in 1992 (response rate 75%). Response rates to follow up questionnaires in 1993, 1994, and 1995 were 83%, 77%, and 90%, respectively. The outcome variable was the number of days with radiating neck pain during the preceding 12 months with three levels (<8, 8-30, >30 days). The generalised estimating equations method was used to fit a marginal model and a transition model was used in a predictive analysis. RESULTS: Items showing associations with radiating neck pain in both analyses were sex, age, body mass index, smoking, duration of work with a hand above shoulder level, mental stress, and other musculoskeletal pains. In the transition model, radiating neck pain in a previous questionnaire was included in the model. Although it was a strong predictor, the variables already mentioned retained their significance. CONCLUSION: Programmes targeted to reduce physical load at work, mental stress, being overweight, and smoking could potentially prevent radiating neck pain.  (+info)



commercial forestry


  • Forests cover about one-third of Ghana's total area, with commercial forestry concentrated in the southern parts of the country. (countrystudies.us)
  • Both commercial forestry and small scale woodland management can produce a range of outputs, including conventional sawn timber, smaller products such as fencing and woodfuel. (forestry.gov.uk)

sustainable


  • The Forestry Commission publishes a wide range of information in support of sustainable forest management in Britain. (forestry.gov.uk)
  • He fathered the Forestry Act (1920), setting up a forestry department, which gave real impetus to management, the goal being sustainable yield management based on scientific understanding of forests protected from fire, uncontrolled logging and alienation for agriculture. (edu.au)
  • There is further information from the Forestry Commission about sustainable forestry and woodland management here . (forestry.gov.uk)

Forests


  • The Forestry Commission organised an assessment of the quantity of forests and their sustained yield, and made necessary reductions in sawlog harvests. (edu.au)

climate change


  • For more information on the evolution on woodland management in the light of climate change, see the Forestry Commission England guidance here . (forestry.gov.uk)

forest


  • Quarrying to obtain materials required for forest road works on land that is used or will be used for forestry purposes or on land held or occupied with that land area thresholds. (forestry.gov.uk)
  • Determine and carry out, in collaboration with member nations and with the support of the appropriate national forestry agencies, technical studies and surveys to assist in the formulation and implementation of national forest policies. (fao.org)

timber


  • The forestry sector was given a large boost in 1986, mainly because of the World Bank's US$24 million timber rehabilitation credit, which financed imports of logging equipment. (countrystudies.us)
  • Progress was further helped when the Forestry Commission was established in 1947, following a Royal Commission into Forestry Administration, which highlighted improper dealings in land and timber by politicians and officials. (edu.au)

guidance


  • N.B. This material is provided free of charge by the Biomass Energy Centre to give woodland owners general guidance, relevant to forestry legislation the UK in September 2011. (forestry.gov.uk)
  • The user understands that neither the Biomass Energy Centre nor the Forestry Commission accept any liability for any loss or damage whatsoever arising from any use of or reliance on this guidance and that that use of this guidance does not constitute a contract wherein any conditions, warranties or other terms implied by statute or common law can be relied upon. (forestry.gov.uk)

regulations


  • The Forestry Commission is responsible for administering the Environmental Impact Assessment (Forestry) (England and Wales) Regulations 1999 and the Environmental Impact Assessment (Forestry) (Scotland) Regulations 1999. (forestry.gov.uk)
  • These regulations affect four forestry operations. (forestry.gov.uk)
  • In many EU member states the regulations governing the forestry sector are rather more onerous than ours, and more rigorously enforced. (independent.ie)

Scotland


  • The work of the Forestry Commission is conducted in England, Scotland and Wales. (fujitsu.com)

practice


  • This can seem a daunting task at first, but the Forestry Commission has a network of woodland officers who are able to advise you on your obligations and best practice. (forestry.gov.uk)

Suppliers


  • Forestry Suppliers, Inc. (forestry-suppliers.com)
  • Your review may be posted on the web site within three business days and becomes the sole property of Forestry Suppliers Inc. (forestry-suppliers.com)
  • Forestry Suppliers reserves the right to post any question that we feel might benefit other customers or enhance understanding of the product. (forestry-suppliers.com)

woodland


  • Forestry in the UK is tightly regulated and you should make sure that you are aware of your legal requirements before conducting woodland management operations. (forestry.gov.uk)
  • If any tree or woodland area is covered by a TPO, or is within a Conservation Area, you must inform the Forestry Commission before any felling takes place (in addition to requesting a felling licence where appropriate). (forestry.gov.uk)
  • For more information on the necessity for woodland management, see the Independent Panel on Forestry 's report. (forestry.gov.uk)

technology


  • You must be a forestry technology major, have a completed at least 30 credit hours, have a minimum GPA of 2.0, and demonstrate financial need to be eligible for this award. (fastweb.com)

Management


  • Some of the external financing underwrote these institutional changes, while much of the rest financed forestry management and research as well as equipment for logging, saw milling, and manufacturing. (countrystudies.us)
  • Forestry Commission land in our region is coming under new management. (itv.com)

available


  • There is also information available on the FC website at www.forestry.gov.uk . (forestry.gov.uk)
  • The Forum Message for the WOODWEB's Forestry Forum is not available. (woodweb.com)
  • The Cary Deffenbaugh Forestry Alumni Association Scholarship is available to students at Allegany College of Maryland. (fastweb.com)

responsible


  • The State Forestry Administration is an agency responsible for forestry work directly under the State Council. (www.gov.cn)
  • The Forestry Commission is the government department responsible for forestry policy throughout Great Britain. (fujitsu.com)

business


  • As part of a general requirement for government agencies to take an increasingly commercial approach, the Commission was replaced in 1994 by a government business enterprise, Forestry Tasmania, with a statutory duty to optimise both economic returns and benefits from non-wood values. (edu.au)

government


  • Following a competitive tender through the government procurement catalogue, GCat, the Forestry Commission awarded Fujitsu a three year contract, with an option for two more years, to provide a UK-wide call logging and maintenance service. (fujitsu.com)
  • The New Brunswick government says its new forestry strategy should be released soon. (cbc.ca)

industry


  • Scandals have been reported in Ghana's forestry industry since 1986, and they erupted again in early 1992. (countrystudies.us)
  • The UK forestry industry is highly regulated and all forestry must be in compliance with The UK Forestry Standard . (forestry.gov.uk)

worldwide


  • The forestry contacts database contains information on numerous organizations and individuals involved in forestry issues worldwide. (fao.org)

directly


  • Get the latest news for forestry delivered directly to you. (esri.com)

country


  • official contacts - FAO interacts with a number of official country counterparts in forestry which are nominated by FAO member countries as focal points for various issues. (fao.org)