Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Handling (Psychology): Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of "gentling" or "mothering".Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Food Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Food Hypersensitivity: Gastrointestinal disturbances, skin eruptions, or shock due to allergic reactions to allergens in food.Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of FOOD including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.

*  Safe Food Handling: What You Need to Know | HobNob Murfreesboro

However, when certain disease-causing bacteria or pathogens contaminate food, they can ... The food supply in the United States is among the safest in the world. ... as measured with a food thermometer. Food Type. Internal temperature. Beef, Pork, Veal, and Lamb (chops, roasts, steaks). 145oF ... Wash your hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds before and after handling food and after using the bathroom, ...
hobnobmurfreesboro.com/food-drink/safe-food-handling-what-you-need-to-know/

*  Hard to track the rats! - State entities struggle to police illegal wholesales and supermarkets operating islandwide | News |...

Several wholesales and shops operating across the island could be doing so in breach of all the rules regarding food handling ... Several wholesales and shops operating across the island could be doing so in breach of all the rules regarding food handling ... The Food Storage and Prevention of Infestation Division (FSPID) of the Ministry of Industry, Investment and Commerce last week ... Reports have reached the Sunday Gleaner of consumers buying food items from wholesales such as buns and taking them home only ...
jamaica-gleaner.com/article/news/20150503/hard-track-rats-state-entities-struggle-police-illegal-wholesales-and

*  Tailgate parties require safe food handling - Lifestyle - The Daily Ardmoreite - Ardmore, OK

These parking lot picnics are synonymous with good food, good friends and good times. A quick glance across any parking lot ... Hands should be washed with soap and water before handling food and before handling a different food. Keep in mind hand gels ... Tailgate parties require safe food handling. Friday. Sep 6, 2013 at 3:00 PM ... Pack cold food with plenty of ice or frozen gel packs. Try to avoid cross-contamination by wrapping foods well and storing ...
ardmoreite.com/article/20130906/LIFESTYLE/130909837/0/ENTERTAINMENTLIFE

*  Food processing and food handling tools from Aussie Augers

Aussie Augers is one of the leading manufacturers of quality garden and food processing tools, which are made from stainless ... Home > Food processing and food handling tools from Aussie Augers * More About: ... Food processing and food handling tools from Aussie Augers. By Aussie Augers 31 March 2008 ... These spades and shovels are well accepted because these are hygienic food processing and food handling tools. The shovels and ...
ferret.com.au/c/Aussie-Augers/Food-processing-and-food-handling-tools-from-Aussie-Augers-n738554

*  SANDVIK COROMANT Milling Tip Insert,A326R08-M3502012-CH - 18J984|327R09-18 12UN-THM 1025 - Grainger

Furniture, Hospitality and Food Service * HVAC and Refrigeration * Hardware * Hydraulics * Lab Supplies ...
https://grainger.com/product/SANDVIK-COROMANT-Milling-Tip-Insert-18J984

*  Hepatitis B and Food Handling - Forum on Hepatitis and HIV Coinfection - TheBody.com

A person with acute hepatitis A should not work with food however. Perhaps this is the source of... ... Hepatitis B and Food Handling. May 19, 2012 If a student has Hepatitis B, is it proper not to accept them in a tourism and ... The reason for non acceptance is that food preparation subjects and food service subjects are included in the curriculum of the ... Can they really infect by serving foods or preparing foods to public? ...
thebody.com/Forums/AIDS/Hepatitis/Q222260.html

*  Top 10 food-handling violations in Snohomish County | HeraldNet.com

Health officials say many of these same problems can cause food-borne illness when cooking at home. ... This is a list of the top 10 food handling violations found by the Snohomish Health District during restaurant inspections in ... 3. Food worker cards. Employees couldn't show that they had completed the course on safe food handling during routine ... This is a list of the top 10 food handling violations found by the Snohomish Health District during restaurant inspections in ...
heraldnet.com/news/top-10-food-handling-violations-in-snohomish-county/

*  Bad Food Handling | Videos | Break.com

Watch Bad Food Handling videos and then jump to the homepage to watch the funniest and most amazing videos selected by our ...
break.com/topics/bad-food-handling/

*  food handling

Categories: cook, cooking, FDA, food and nutrition studies, food handling, food safety, food storage, foodborne illness, ... Be sure to invest in a food thermometer to check the temperatures of cooked foods.. Don't Eat These Foods. Why. What to Do. ... Posts belonging to Category food handling. Foods to Avoid During Pregnancy. March 29, 2013 , Posted by jean ... Tags: baby, education, food safety, foodborne illnesses, foods, health smart, nutrition, pregnancy, unprocessed foods , No ...
candostreet.com/blog-parents/category/food-handling/

*  Safe Food Handling: What You Need to Know

A Food Facts on Safe Food Handling from CFSAN to consumers. ... as measured with a food thermometer. Food Type. Internal ... Wash your hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds before and after handling food and after using the bathroom, ... Never thaw food at room temperature, such as on the counter top. There are three safe ways to defrost food: in the refrigerator ... Separate raw meats from other foods. *Separate raw meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs from other foods in your grocery shopping ...
https://fda.gov/Food/FoodborneIllnessContaminants/BuyStoreServeSafeFood/ucm255180.htm

*  Town of Dover, NJ Food-Handling Establishments

Food and beverage vending machines - See Ch. 403.. Board of Health regulations pertaining to retail food-handling ... Chapter 199: Food-Handling Establishments [HISTORY: Adopted by the Mayor and Board of Aldermen of the Town of Dover as ... Each itinerant mobile restaurant vehicle in which food handling is exposed to the outdoor elements shall contain a dust guard ... where it is found that the licensee is violating any health code or is handling food in an unsanitary manner so as to be a ...
ecode360.com/10030815

*  CDPH Reminds Californians about Safe Food Handling

Keep hot foods hot and cold foods cold. Bacteria can grow in foods kept in the temperature "danger zone" (41°F-135°F) or (5 °C- ... Wash your hands with warm, soapy water for at least 20 seconds before and after handling food. Humming "happy birthday" twice ... Wait until foods are completely cooked before taste testing.. *When using a microwave to cook or reheat food, be sure to rotate ... Karen Smith today reminds Californians about the importance of safe food handling to prevent foodborne illness while enjoying ...
imperialvalleynews.com/index.php/news/health/9853-california-firm-recalls-chicken-products-due-to-possible-salmonella-heidelberg-contamination.html

*  Find Food Handling Murray NSW | Quotes Coupons Reviews

Search for Food Handling in Murray NSW, Australia quickly on the dLook business directory ... Find Food Handling Murray NSW , Quotes Coupons Reviews. Find out more information about Food Handling, including quotes, ... Or just email or call a business displayed using the listing information to find out more about the Food Handling range of ...
dlook.com.au/food-handling/nsw-murray

*  Patent US3837100 - Food-handling guides for refrigerators and freezers - Google Patents

The tabs are of a pale color for foods which may remain, but of a warning color - such as red - for foods which are perishable ... Pressure-adhesive tabs bearing the numbers are applied to the food containers when the food items are deposited. ... The chart also has a column for entering related index legends of the number of servings obtainable from the food items, and a ... The chart is attachable on the front or side of the refrigerator, and has a row of numbers denoting corresponding food items. ...
google.com/patents/US3837100?dq=6978253

*  Safe Food Handling Tips - Canada.ca

Safe Food Handling Tips. Food safety is a very important issue for Canadians. We can all play a role in making sure that the ... and preventing cross-contamination while handling and preparing a variety of foods such as meat, poultry, seafood, fruits, and ... Visit the Healthy Canadians website for information to help you improve food safety in your kitchen and reduce the risk of ... You have the right to file a complaint with the Privacy Commissioner of Canada regarding the institution's handling of your ...
https://canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/food-nutrition/food-safety/safe-food-handling-tips.html

*  26 food-handling establishments cited by county for violations - tribunedigital-baltimoresun

County health inspectors visited 151 restaurants and food handling establishments between June 16 and 30 to monitor sanitary ... Food not held at proper temperature.. Epping Forest Food and Beverage, 300 block of Epping Way, Annapolis. Food not held at ... Food not held at proper temperature. Reinspection required.. Metro Food Market, 600 block of Old Mill Road, Millersville. Food ... Prepared food cross-contaminated; food not held at proper temperature; food adulterated or spoiled. Reinspection required. ...
articles.baltimoresun.com/1996-07-14/news/1996196164_1_temperature-food-glen-burnie

*  Confusion About Food Expiration Dates Can Lead to Potentially Harmful Food Handling Behaviors - NSF International

... causing many to keep some food dangerously long or prematurely throw away good food. ... The survey found that people are confused about how to interpret dates on food packaging such as expiration, "best used by" and ... Expiration date labeling on food products is a source of confusion for consumers according to a new survey from NSF ... Confusion About Food Expiration Dates Can Lead to Potentially Harmful Food Handling Behaviors. * January 12, 2015 ...
nsf.org/index.php/newsroom/confusion-about-food-expiration-dates-can-lead-to-potentially-harmful-food

*  Norovirus Transmission between Hands, Gloves, Utensils, and Fresh Produce during Simulated Food Handling

... a leading cause of food-borne gastroenteritis worldwide, are easily transferred via ready-to-eat (RTE) foods, often prepared by ... 2nd Food Microbiology Conference. November 09-11, 2017 Madrid, Spain. *10th Nutrition & Food Sciences World Congress. May 29-31 ... Norovirus Transmission between Hands, Gloves, Utensils, and Fresh Produce during Simulated Food Handling. ... foods, often prepared by infected food handlers. In this study, the transmission of HuNoV and murine norovirus (MuNoV) from ...
https://omicsonline.org/references/norovirus-transmission-between-hands-gloves-utensils-and-fresh-produce-during-simulated-food-handling-1575298.html

*  Washing Hands Before Handling Food

Washing for at least 20 seconds before and after handling food is imperative. ... Washing hands is the best way to avoid contaminating foods. ... should you wash your hands before and after handling food?. *(A ...
https://mysafetysign.com/how-long-should-you-wash-hands-for-before-handling-food

*  Komisja Europejska : CORDIS : Projekty i wyniki : Industrial process of food preservation by pulsed electric fields

and also the environment of production (handling, packaging), whatever the microbial contamination, at the source of production ... Industrial process of food preservation by pulsed electric fields. Project ID: QLK1-CT-2000-40742. Źródło dofinansowania: FP5- ... Industrial process of food preservation by pulsed electric fields. Od 2000-07-03 do 2001-07-02 ... Safety of food products is nowadays-European consumers' principal concern. Assuming that breed and culture fulfil the ...
cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/54032_pl.html

*  Materials for Drug & Gene Delivery

Copper handling proteins and smart nanosystem based delivery of platinum containing anticancer drug. S. Devadattan, J. Prajith ... Personal & Home Care, Cosmetics, Foods. Co-Located Events. SUMMIT & EXPO • JUNE 14-17 • DC. ...
techconnectworld.com/World2015/sym/Materials_Drug_Delivery.html

*  Civic body to follow solid waste disposal rules after NGT directions - Times of India

The civic body is looking to prepare a time bound action plan to take care of various lacunae in the process of handling solid ... The winter food saga. *A charismatic colonel and his strange absence from ...
timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/vadodara/Civic-body-to-follow-solid-waste-disposal-rules-after-NGT-directions/articleshow/50612698.cms

*  TopTaq Master Mix Kit - QIAGEN

Convenient room-temperature handling. *Optimized protocol suitable for all PCR assays. The TopTaq Master Mix Kit offers maximum ... Food Safety Testing * Food-Borne Pathogen Detection * GMO DNA Detection * Ingredient Authentication ...
https://qiagen.com/us/shop/genes-and-pathways/technology-portals/browse-qpcr/mirna-gene-expression/mirna-isolation/toptaq-master-mix-kit/

*  Liposomes In Beauty Products Are A Waste Of Money | Science 2.0

Researchers compose guidelines for handling CAR T cell side effects *New model may help science overcome the brain's fortress- ...
science20.com/news_articles/liposomes_beauty_products_are_waste_money-104103

*  Learning Advantage Probability Giant Playing Cards | Staples®

Environmental Handling Fee Notice: Provincial recycling or deposit fees may be applicable upon checkout. ... Food Service * * Cups, Plates & Cutlery * Food Storage * Bakeware & Baking Tools * Dinnerware & Drinkware ...
https://staples.ca/en/Learning-Advantage-Probability-Giant-Playing-Cards/product_1920055_2-CA_1_20001

Hygiene: Hygiene is a set of practices performed for the preservation of health.SAFE FOODSBanquet Foods: Banquet Foods is a subsidiary of ConAgra Foods that sells various food products, including frozen pre-made entrées, meals, and desserts.Food desert: A food desert is a geographic area where affordable and nutritious food is difficult to obtain, particularly for those without access to an automobile.USDA Defines Food Deserts | American Nutrition Association Some research links food deserts to diet-related health problems and health disparities in affected populations, but this phenomenon has been disputed.Health claims on food labels: Health claims on food labels are claims by manufacturers of food products that their food will reduce the risk of developing a disease or condition. For example, it is claimed by the manufacturers of oat cereals that oat bran can reduce cholesterol, which will lower the chances of developing serious heart conditions.Castleberry's Food Company: Castleberry's Food Company was an Augusta, Georgia-based canned food company founded in the 1920s by Clement Stewart Castleberry with the help of his father Clement Lamar Castleberry and closed permanently in March 2008 by the United States Food and Drug Administration.Elimination diet: An elimination diet is a method of identifying foods that an individual cannot consume without adverse effects. Adverse effects may be due to food allergy, food intolerance, other physiological mechanisms (such as metabolic or toxins), or a combination of these.Hungarian Food Safety Office: The Hungarian Food Safety Office (HFSO) was established as the Hungarian partner institution of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in 2003 in conformity with the EU requirements. One of its priority aims is to assess the health risks derived from food and indirectly from feed, to liaise with international and Hungarian authorities, and to communicate with the public on food safety issues.

(1/1384) The food matrix of spinach is a limiting factor in determining the bioavailability of beta-carotene and to a lesser extent of lutein in humans.

Carotenoid bioavailability depends, amongst other factors, on the food matrix and on the type and extent of processing. To examine the effect of variously processed spinach products and of dietary fiber on serum carotenoid concentrations, subjects received, over a 3-wk period, a control diet (n = 10) or a control diet supplemented with carotenoids or one of four spinach products (n = 12 per group): whole leaf spinach with an almost intact food matrix, minced spinach with the matrix partially disrupted, enzymatically liquefied spinach in which the matrix was further disrupted and the liquefied spinach to which dietary fiber (10 g/kg wet weight) was added. Consumption of spinach significantly increased serum concentrations of all-trans-beta-carotene, cis-beta-carotene, (and consequently total beta-carotene), lutein, alpha-carotene and retinol and decreased the serum concentration of lycopene. Serum total beta-carotene responses (changes in serum concentrations from the start to the end of the intervention period) differed significantly between the whole leaf and liquefied spinach groups and between the minced and liquefied spinach groups. The lutein response did not differ among spinach groups. Addition of dietary fiber to the liquefied spinach had no effect on serum carotenoid responses. The relative bioavailability as compared to bioavailability of the carotenoid supplement for whole leaf, minced, liquefied and liquefied spinach plus added dietary fiber for beta-carotene was 5.1, 6.4, 9.5 and 9.3%, respectively, and for lutein 45, 52, 55 and 54%, respectively. We conclude that the bioavailability of lutein from spinach was higher than that of beta-carotene and that enzymatic disruption of the matrix (cell wall structure) enhanced the bioavailability of beta-carotene from whole leaf and minced spinach, but had no effect on lutein bioavailability.  (+info)

(2/1384) Asthma visits to emergency rooms and soybean unloading in the harbors of Valencia and A Coruna, Spain.

Soybean unloading in the harbor of Barcelona, Spain, has been associated with large increases in the numbers of asthma patients treated in emergency departments between 1981 and 1987. In this study, the association between asthma and soybean unloading in two other Spanish cities, Valencia and A Coruna, was assessed. Asthma admissions were retrospectively identified for the period 1993-1995, and harbor activities were investigated in each location. Two approaches were used to assess the association between asthma and soybean unloading: One used unusual asthma days (days with an unusually high number of emergency room asthma visits) as an effect measure, and the other estimated the relative increase in the daily number of emergency room visits by autoregressive Poisson regression, adjusted for meteorologic variables, seasonality, and influenza incidence. No association between unusual asthma days and soya unloading was observed in either Valencia or A Coruna, except for one particular dock in Valencia. When the association between unloaded products and the daily number of emergency asthma visits was studied, a statistically significant association was observed for unloading of soya husk (relative risk = 1.50, 95% confidence interval 1.16-1.94) and soybeans (relative risk = 1.31, 95% confidence interval 1.08-1.59) in A Coruna. In Valencia, a statistical association was found only for the unloading of soybeans at two particular docks. Although these findings support the notion that asthma outbreaks are not a common hidden condition in most harbors where soybeans are unloaded, the weak associations reported are likely to be causal. Therefore, appropriate control measures should be implemented to avoid soybean dust emissions, particularly in harbors with populations living in the vicinity.  (+info)

(3/1384) An outbreak of viral gastroenteritis associated with consumption of sandwiches: implications for the control of transmission by food handlers.

Although food handlers are often implicated as the source of infection in outbreaks of food-borne viral gastroenteritis, little is known about the timing of infectivity in relation to illness. We investigated a gastroenteritis outbreak among employees of a manufacturing company and found an association (RR = 14.1, 95% CI = 2.0-97.3) between disease and eating sandwiches prepared by 6 food handlers, 1 of whom reported gastroenteritis which had subsided 4 days earlier. Norwalk-like viruses were detected by electron microscopy or reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in stool specimens from several company employees, the sick food handler whose specimen was obtained 10 days after resolution of illness, and an asymptomatic food handler. All RT-PCR product sequences were identical, suggesting a common source of infection. These data support observations from recent volunteer studies that current recommendations to exclude food handlers from work for 48-72 h after recovery from illness may not always prevent transmission of Norwalk-like viruses because virus can be shed up to 10 days after illness or while exhibiting no symptoms.  (+info)

(4/1384) Tomatoes, tomato-based products, lycopene, and cancer: review of the epidemiologic literature.

The epidemiologic literature in the English language regarding intake of tomatoes and tomato-based products and blood lycopene (a compound derived predominantly from tomatoes) level in relation to the risk of various cancers was reviewed. Among 72 studies identified, 57 reported inverse associations between tomato intake or blood lycopene level and the risk of cancer at a defined anatomic site; 35 of these inverse associations were statistically significant. No study indicated that higher tomato consumption or blood lycopene level statistically significantly increased the risk of cancer at any of the investigated sites. About half of the relative risks for comparisons of high with low intakes or levels for tomatoes or lycopene were approximately 0.6 or lower. The evidence for a benefit was strongest for cancers of the prostate, lung, and stomach. Data were also suggestive of a benefit for cancers of the pancreas, colon and rectum, esophagus, oral cavity, breast, and cervix. Because the data are from observational studies, a cause-effect relationship cannot be established definitively. However, the consistency of the results across numerous studies in diverse populations, for case-control and prospective studies, and for dietary-based and blood-based investigations argues against bias or confounding as the explanation for these findings. Lycopene may account for or contribute to these benefits, but this possibility is not yet proven and requires further study. Numerous other potentially beneficial compounds are present in tomatoes, and, conceivably, complex interactions among multiple components may contribute to the anticancer properties of tomatoes. The consistently lower risk of cancer for a variety of anatomic sites that is associated with higher consumption of tomatoes and tomato-based products adds further support for current dietary recommendations to increase fruit and vegetable consumption.  (+info)

(5/1384) Processing, mixing, and particle size reduction of forages for dairy cattle.

Adequate forage amounts in both physical and chemical forms are necessary for proper ruminal function in dairy cows. Under conditions in which total amounts of forage or particle size of the forage are reduced, cows spend less time ruminating and have a decreased amount of buoyant digesta in the rumen. These factors reduce saliva production and allow ruminal pH to fall, depressing activity of cellulolytic bacteria and causing a prolonged period of low ruminal pH. Insufficient particle size of the diet decreases the ruminal acetate-to-propionate ratio and reduces ruminal pH. The mean particle size of the diet, the variation in particle size, and the amount of chemical fiber (i.e., NDF or ADF) are all nutritionally important for dairy cows. Defining amounts and physical characteristics of fiber is important in balancing dairy cattle diets. Because particle size plays such an important role in digestion and animal performance, it must be an important consideration from harvest through feeding. Forages should not be reduced in particle size beyond what is necessary to achieve minimal storage losses and what can be accommodated by existing equipment. Forage and total mixed ration (TMR) particle sizes are potentially reduced in size by all phases of harvesting, storing, taking out of storage, mixing, and delivery of feed to the dairy cow. Mixing feed causes a reduction in size of all feed particles and is directly related to TMR mixing time; field studies show that the longest particles (>27 mm) may be reduced in size by 50%. Forage and TMR particle size as fed to the cows should be periodically monitored to maintain adequate nutrition for the dairy cow.  (+info)

(6/1384) Mechanical maceration of alfalfa.

Maceration is an intensive forage-conditioning process that can increase field drying rates by as much as 300%. Because maceration shreds the forage and reduces its rigidity, improvements in bulk density, silage compaction, and ensiling characteristics have been observed. Macerating forage also increases the surface area available for microbial attachment in the rumen, thereby increasing forage digestibility and animal performance. Feeding trials with sheep have shown increases in DMI of 5 to 31% and increases in DM digestibility of from 14 to 16 percentage units. Lactation studies have demonstrated increases in milk production and BW gain for lactating Holstein cows; however, there is a consistent decrease in milk fat percentage when dairy cattle are fed macerated forage. In vitro studies have shown that maceration decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion and increases rate of NDF digestion. In situ digestibility studies have shown that maceration increases the size of the instantly soluble DM pool and decreases lag time associated with NDF digestion, but it may not consistently alter the rate or extent of DM and NDF digestion.  (+info)

(7/1384) A community outbreak of food-borne small round-structured virus gastroenteritis caused by a contaminated water supply.

In August 1994, 30 of 135 (23%) bakery plant employees and over 100 people from South Wales and Bristol in the United Kingdom, were affected by an outbreak of gastroenteritis. Epidemiological studies of employees and three community clusters found illness in employees to be associated with drinking cold water at the bakery (relative risk 3.3, 95%, CI 1.6-7.0), and in community cases with eating custard slices (relative risk 19.8, 95%, CI 2.9-135.1) from a variety of stores supplied by one particular bakery. Small round-structured viruses (SRSV) were identified in stool specimens from 4 employees and 7 community cases. Analysis of the polymerase and capsid regions of the SRSV genome by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) demonstrated viruses of both genogroups (1 and 2) each with several different nucleotide sequences. The heterogeneity of the viruses identified in the outbreak suggests that dried custard mix may have been inadvertently reconstituted with contaminated water. The incident shows how secondary food contamination can cause wide-scale community gastroenteritis outbreaks, and demonstrates the ability of molecular techniques to support classical epidemiological methods in outbreak investigations.  (+info)

(8/1384) Real-time monitoring of Escherichia coli O157:H7 adherence to beef carcass surface tissues with a bioluminescent reporter.

A method for studying bacteria that are attached to carcass surfaces would eliminate the need for exogenous sampling and would facilitate understanding the interaction of potential human food-borne pathogens with food animal tissue surfaces. We describe such a method in which we used a bioluminescent reporter strain of Escherichia coli O157:H7 that was constructed by transformation with plasmid pCGLS1, an expression vector that contains a complete bacterial luciferase (lux) operon. Beef carcass surface tissues were inoculated with the bioluminescent strain, and adherent bacteria were visualized in real time by using a sensitive photon-counting camera to obtain in situ images. The reporter strain was found to luminesce from the tissue surfaces whether it was inoculated as a suspension in buffer or as a suspension in a bovine fecal slurry. With this method, areas of tissues inoculated with the reporter strain could be studied without obtaining, excising, homogenizing, and culturing multiple samples from the tissue surface. Use of the complete lux operon as the bioluminescent reporter eliminated the need to add exogenous substrate. This allowed detection and quantitation of bacterial inocula and rapid evaluation of adherence of a potential human pathogen to tissue surfaces. Following simple water rinses of inoculated carcass tissues, the attachment duration varied with different carcass surface types. On average, the percent retention of bioluminescent signal from the reporter strain was higher on lean fascia-covered tissue (54%) than on adipose fascia-covered tissue (18%) following water washing of the tissues. Bioluminescence and culture-derived viable bacterial counts were highly correlated (r2 = 0.98). Real-time assessment of microbial attachment to this complex menstruum should facilitate evaluation of carcass decontamination procedures and mechanistic studies of microbial contamination of beef carcass tissues.  (+info)



foodborne illness


  • However, when certain disease-causing bacteria or pathogens contaminate food, they can cause foodborne illness, often called "food poisoning. (fda.gov)
  • Sacramento, California - California Department of Public Health (CDPH) Director and State Public Health Officer Dr. Karen Smith today reminds Californians about the importance of safe food handling to prevent foodborne illness while enjoying picnics, barbecues and other outdoor activities during the summer season. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • You can protect yourself, your family and friends from foodborne illness while at picnics and barbecues by following simple food safety tips," said Dr. Smith. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Visit the Healthy Canadians website for information to help you improve food safety in your kitchen and reduce the risk of foodborne illness. (canada.ca)
  • Every year, more than 4 million Canadians get food poisoning, also known as "foodborne illness. (canada.ca)

Cross Contamination


  • Try to avoid cross-contamination by wrapping foods well and storing foods that require cooking separately from ready-to-eat foods. (ardmoreite.com)

poultry


  • Never place cooked food on a plate that previously held raw meat, poultry, seafood, or eggs unless the plate has been washed in hot, soapy water. (fda.gov)
  • Using a food thermometer is the only way to ensure the safety of meat, poultry, seafood, and egg products for all cooking methods. (fda.gov)
  • These include not having a supply of paper towels for workers to dry their hands on each time they wash their hands, or employees not washing their hands after handling raw fish, meat or poultry before helping to prepare other food. (heraldnet.com)
  • Never rinse raw poultry because it spreads germs around the kitchen sink, which can serve as a source of contamination for other foods. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Perishable foods such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, sandwiches and salads must be kept on ice or in a refrigerator. (ardmoreite.com)

bacteria


  • Consuming dangerous foodborne bacteria will usually cause illness within 1 to 3 days of eating the contaminated food. (fda.gov)
  • These foods must be cooked to a safe minimum internal temperature to destroy any harmful bacteria. (fda.gov)
  • Bacteria can grow in foods kept in the temperature "danger zone" (41°F-135°F) or (5 °C-58 °C) for an extended period of time. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Bacteria are most often spread when proper hand-washing techniques are not used, when uncooked foods are allowed to cross contaminate foods that are ready to eat, when needed end-point temperatures are not met and when hot foods are not kept hot and cold foods are not kept cold. (ardmoreite.com)
  • Food-borne illness is caused by eating food that contains harmful bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Be careful of jewelry - it may carry bacteria to the food. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Bacteria can be transferred from your mouth to your hands if you are eating or smoking while preparing food. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Bacteria causing the infection may be passed to the food. (gov.mb.ca)
  • As these bacteria grow in numbers, they produce a toxin (a poison) that is not destroyed by heating and may cause food-borne illness. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Dogs, cats, birds and especially turtles may contain bacteria that can pass from hands (yours or your children's) to food. (gov.mb.ca)
  • This air is gas coming from bacteria growing in the food. (breastcancer.org)

temperature


  • Always allow standing time, which completes the cooking, before checking the internal temperature with a food thermometer. (fda.gov)
  • Never thaw food at room temperature, such as on the counter top. (fda.gov)
  • Food found on the counter with no one monitoring the temperature of the food. (heraldnet.com)
  • Measure the temperature in the thickest part of the food, ensuring the thermometer does not touch bone or the cooking pan, which can give you an inaccurate reading. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Food not held at proper temperature. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Another trick to help keep foods cool is to cover coolers with blankets and keep them in the shade to help hold in the cold temperature. (ardmoreite.com)
  • Cook all foods to the proper temperature. (breastcancer.org)

contamination


  • 10. Potential food contamination, such as open containers in a storage room or other problems. (heraldnet.com)
  • Cover all food with plastic wrap, aluminum foil or lids, or keep foods and supplies in their original packaging to prevent contamination. (ardmoreite.com)
  • Our results indicate that virus-free food ingredients and good hand hygiene are needed to prevent HuNoV contamination of RTE foods. (omicsonline.org)

meat


  • However, women tend to be slightly more cautious when it comes to throwing out specific foods that are past the label date (e.g. uncooked meat, canned goods, prewashed vegetables, etc. (nsf.org)

refrigerator


  • There are three safe ways to defrost food: in the refrigerator, in cold water, and in the microwave. (fda.gov)
  • Always marinate food in the refrigerator. (fda.gov)
  • Use shallow pans and loosely cover hot foods while in the refrigerator to facilitate cooling and allow warm air to escape. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Refrigerated foods that are packaged in hermetically sealed or vacuum packaged containers should always be stored in the refrigerator. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Thaw frozen foods in the refrigerator or in a microwave immediately prior to cooking. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Thaw frozen foods in the refrigerator in water-tight containers to prevent juices from leaking onto ready-to-eat and cooked foods. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • A chart for identifying enclosed food items deposited in a refrigerator or freezer. (google.com)
  • The chart is attachable on the front or side of the refrigerator, and has a row of numbers denoting corresponding food items. (google.com)
  • Primary Examiner-Joseph S. Reich Assistant Examiner-Wenceslao J. Contreras ABSTRACT A chart for identifying enclosed food items deposited in a refrigerator or freezer. (google.com)
  • Therefore, foods may remain in a refrigerator unnoticed by the housewife and become spoiled when of a perishable nature. (google.com)
  • Further, attempts to locate stored foods involve the frequent opening of the refrigerator door and searching time, causing warm air from the premises to enter the refrigerator and lower its chilling efficiency by requiring the motor to run more frequently, so that the operating cost of the refrigerator and the wear of its mechanism are increased. (google.com)
  • If a trip to the refrigerator or a telephone call interrupts food preparation, wash your hands before touching those objects and before continuing to handle food. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Don't leave protein-based foods out of the refrigerator for more than 2 hours. (breastcancer.org)

utensils


  • Wash your cutting boards, dishes, utensils, and counter tops with hot soapy water after preparing each food item. (fda.gov)
  • Use clean utensils and plates to remove cooked foods from grills and pans. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Avoid using your hands to mix foods when clean utensils can be used instead. (gov.mb.ca)

pathogens


  • They are called pathogens and they can be found in the house, on pets, on raw foods, on your hands and in your nasal passages. (gov.mb.ca)
  • All pathogens need food, warmth, moisture and time to grow and multiply before they can cause an illness. (gov.mb.ca)

thaw


wash your


  • Wash your hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds before and after handling food and after using the bathroom, changing diapers, and handling pets. (fda.gov)
  • For how long (at a minimum) should you wash your hands before and after handling food? (mysafetysign.com)
  • Be sure to wash your hands well after handling pets. (gov.mb.ca)

marinades


  • Don't reuse marinades used on raw foods unless you bring them to a boil first. (fda.gov)

perishable


  • The tabs are of a pale color for foods which may remain, but of a warning color - such as red - for foods which are perishable and should be removed soon. (google.com)

illness


  • Health officials say many of these same problems can cause food-borne illness when cooking at home. (heraldnet.com)
  • Food workers not washing hands, not free of illness. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The symptoms of food-borne illness are usually the same as those for the flu: cramps, diarrhea, vomiting, fever and/or headache. (gov.mb.ca)
  • If food-borne illness is suspected, it is important to get in touch with a physician and the public health department. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Those at most risk of food-borne illness are the very young, the frail elderly, pregnant women and those with weakened immune systems. (gov.mb.ca)

Establishments


  • Board of Health regulations pertaining to retail food-handling establishments - See Ch. 407 . (ecode360.com)
  • II, Mobile Retail Food Establishments, adopted 2-9-1982 as Ord. (ecode360.com)
  • County health inspectors visited 151 restaurants and food handling establishments between June 16 and 30 to monitor sanitary and physical conditions. (baltimoresun.com)

meats


  • Place raw meats in disposable, plastic bags away from other foods. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Uncooked meats, dairy products and produce pose the greatest food safety threat when kept too long, yet some still ignore the dates on these products. (nsf.org)

indicate


  • "Sell by" dates are a reference for food retailers and indicate when food should be pulled from the shelves. (nsf.org)

avoid


  • Cover any cuts or skin abrasions on your hands to avoid contaminating the food. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Americans sometimes avoid eating at other people's homes due to food safety concerns. (nsf.org)

servings


  • The chart also has a column for entering related index legends of the number of servings obtainable from the food items, and a column for the dates on which they are deposited. (google.com)
  • Virus-contaminated gloves were estimated to transfer HuNoV to the food servings more efficiently than a single contaminated cucumber during handling. (omicsonline.org)

Temperatures


  • These foods should not be kept at temperatures above 40 degrees Fahrenheit for more than two hours. (ardmoreite.com)
  • For a complete list of proper cooking temperatures for foods, see the United States Department of Agriculture's food safety fact sheet . (breastcancer.org)

expiration dates


  • Americans who are confused by the different label dates can refer to the quick guide below and visit NSF International's website for more food safety advice such as the Understanding Expiration Dates Tip Sheet and NSF Food Storage Charts . (nsf.org)
  • Don't use foods that are past their expiration dates. (breastcancer.org)

rotate


  • When cooking in a microwave oven, cover food, stir, and rotate for even cooking. (fda.gov)
  • When using a microwave to cook or reheat food, be sure to rotate or stir the food to facilitate thorough heating. (imperialvalleynews.com)

illnesses


  • As much fun as this can be, these get-togethers also can have the potential for serious foodborne illnesses such as E. coli or salmonellosis if you do not follow safe food handling practices, said Barbara Brown, Oklahoma State University Cooperative Extension food specialist. (ardmoreite.com)
  • Scientists estimate that about half of all food-borne illnesses could be eliminated by proper handwashing. (breastcancer.org)

beverage


  • Food and beverage vending machines - See Ch. 403 . (ecode360.com)
  • Epping Forest Food and Beverage, 300 block of Epping Way, Annapolis. (baltimoresun.com)

Inspectors


  • Inspectors evaluated the facilities on nine food-safety standards. (baltimoresun.com)
  • A dedicated team of farmers, government inspectors and food processors ensures that food is safe and of the highest quality. (gov.mb.ca)

picnics


  • These parking lot picnics are synonymous with good food, good friends and good times. (ardmoreite.com)

Separate


safe food


  • Employees couldn't show that they had completed the course on safe food handling during routine restaurant inspections. (heraldnet.com)
  • Safe Food Handling: What You. (hobnobmurfreesboro.com)

moisture


  • and it is usually hard to recognize or identify foods in unmarked containers of the types mentioned, as even clear plastic becomes dull from moisture given off by food contents. (google.com)

Additionally


  • Additionally, some labels recommend a "resting time" for the food after cooking before it should be served. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Additionally, half of Americans surveyed said they throw out food based on the "best used by" and "sell by" dates (51 percent and 36 percent, respectively), wasting both their food and money. (nsf.org)

keep


  • Keep hot foods hot and cold foods cold. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Select cold foods at the grocery store last, and put them away first when you get home to keep them cold. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Keep pets and household chemicals away from food preparation areas. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • The survey found that people are confused about how to interpret dates on food packaging such as expiration, "best used by" and "sell by" dates, causing many to keep some food dangerously long or prematurely throw away good food. (nsf.org)
  • Here are some steps you can take when buying and preparing food to keep your food safe and your body healthy. (breastcancer.org)

soap


  • Hands should be washed with soap and water before handling food and before handling a different food. (ardmoreite.com)

frozen


  • Pack cold food with plenty of ice or frozen gel packs. (ardmoreite.com)

violations


  • This is a list of the top 10 food handling violations found by the Snohomish Health District during restaurant inspections in 2012. (heraldnet.com)

containers


  • Pressure-adhesive tabs bearing the numbers are applied to the food containers when the food. (google.com)

sure


  • We can all play a role in making sure that the food we put on our tables is safe to eat. (canada.ca)
  • For those tailgaters who opt for takeout foods such as fried chicken, make sure it is eaten within two hours of being picked up. (ardmoreite.com)
  • Consumers should check to make sure this date has not passed before purchasing food. (nsf.org)

hands


  • We estimated that transfer of at least one infective HuNoV from contaminated hands to the sandwich prepared was likely to occur if the hands of the food handler contained 3 log10 or more HuNoVs before gloving. (omicsonline.org)
  • Anyone working with food should have clean hands, fingernails, hair and clothing. (gov.mb.ca)

ready-to-eat


  • Human noroviruses (HuNoVs), a leading cause of food-borne gastroenteritis worldwide, are easily transferred via ready-to-eat (RTE) foods, often prepared by infected food handlers. (omicsonline.org)

preparation


  • The reason for non acceptance is that food preparation subjects and food service subjects are included in the curriculum of the said program and they fear that they will infect other students or teacher of the school? (thebody.com)
  • Pets are not allowed in restaurants and should not be around the food-preparation area in the home. (gov.mb.ca)

microwave


  • Food thawed in cold water or in the microwave should be cooked immediately. (fda.gov)

plastic


  • Usually, foods deposited in refrigerators are contained in vessels or jars or wrapped in aluminum foil, wax paper or plastic sheeting which is translucent or clear. (google.com)
  • If air builds up under a food container lid or inside plastic food packaging (such as the packaging for hot dogs), throw out the food. (breastcancer.org)

kept


  • Once foods are cooked, they should be kept at 140 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer with some type of heat source until they are served or refrigerated. (ardmoreite.com)

work with food


  • A person with acute hepatitis A should not work with food however. (thebody.com)
  • Don't allow anyone with an infectious disease (flu or cold) or infected cut to work with food. (gov.mb.ca)

clean


quality


  • Aussie Augers is one of the leading manufacturers of quality garden and food processing tools, which are made from stainless steel. (ferret.com.au)
  • Some dates are references for food safety, while other dates are meant to inform the consumer of the food's quality or help retailers be aware of how long to display food. (nsf.org)
  • Instead they refer to the last date when the food will be at peak quality and freshness. (nsf.org)
  • According to the survey, 39 percent of respondents have avoided eating something at a friend's or family member's house because they didn't trust the safety or quality of the food. (nsf.org)

source


  • ANN ARBOR, Mich. - Expiration date labeling on food products is a source of confusion for consumers according to a new survey from NSF International , a global public health and safety organization. (nsf.org)

often


  • Often this applies to left-overs which are desired saved for later use singly or in addition to other foods to make up a snack or meal. (google.com)

products


  • Or just email or call a business displayed using the listing information to find out more about the Food Handling range of products and services on offer. (dlook.com.au)

place


  • Any place wherein food or drink or both are sold to be consumed on the premises, other than a strictly private residence. (ecode360.com)
  • Never place cooked foods back into the dish that held the raw or uncooked foods. (imperialvalleynews.com)

time


  • Another option is to purchase the food ahead of time. (ardmoreite.com)

follow


  • Follow package instructions, especially when it comes to keeping foods refrigerated. (imperialvalleynews.com)
  • Just as you follow food safety practices in your own home, the same must be done for these outdoor food fests," Brown said. (ardmoreite.com)

family


  • Conversely, Americans over age 55 were the most likely to hold onto food past any date on the label, which is concerning if they are preparing meals for young children, pregnant women or immune-compromised family and friends. (nsf.org)
  • Whether you are an employee in a restaurant, a member of a local catering group or preparing food for your family, the way YOU handle food affects the health of those who eat it. (gov.mb.ca)