Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Fish Oils: Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.Fish Products: Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).Fish Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).Perciformes: The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.Electric Fish: Fishes which generate an electric discharge. The voltage of the discharge varies from weak to strong in various groups of fish. The ELECTRIC ORGAN and electroplax are of prime interest in this group. They occur in more than one family.Skates (Fish): The common name for all members of the Rajidae family. Skates and rays are members of the same order (Rajiformes). Skates have weak electric organs.Seafood: Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence: A type of IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION in which target sequences are stained with fluorescent dye so their location and size can be determined using fluorescence microscopy. This staining is sufficiently distinct that the hybridization signal can be seen both in metaphase spreads and in interphase nuclei.Fishes, PoisonousOncorhynchus mykiss: A large stout-bodied, sometimes anadromous, TROUT found in still and flowing waters of the Pacific coast from southern California to Alaska. It has a greenish back, a whitish belly, and pink, red, or lavender stripes on the sides, with usually a sprinkling of black dots. It is highly regarded as a sport and food fish. Its former name was Salmo gairdneri. The sea-run rainbow trouts are often called steelheads. Redband trouts refer to interior populations of rainbows.Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Cyprinidae: A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.Aquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Oryzias: The only genus in the family Oryziinae, order BELONIFORMES. Oryzias are egg-layers; other fish of the same order are livebearers. Oryzias are used extensively in testing carcinogens.Cichlids: Common name for perch-like fish of the family Cichlidae, belonging to the suborder Labroidei, order PERCIFORMES.Carps: Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.Gills: Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.Tilapia: A freshwater fish used as an experimental organism and for food. This genus of the family Cichlidae (CICHLIDS) inhabits Central and South America (one species extends north into Texas), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India.Salmon: Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).Cyprinodontiformes: An order of fish with eight families and numerous species of both egg-laying and livebearing fish. Families include Cyprinodontidae (egg-laying KILLIFISHES;), FUNDULIDAEl; (topminnows), Goodeidae (Mexican livebearers), Jenynsiidae (jenynsiids), Poeciliidae (livebearers), Profundulidae (Middle American killifishes), Aplocheilidae, and Rivulidae (rivulines). In the family Poeciliidae, the guppy and molly belong to the genus POECILIA.Salmonidae: A family of anadromous fish comprising SALMON; TROUT; whitefish; and graylings. They are the most important food and game fishes. Their habitat is the northern Atlantic and Pacific, both marine and inland, and the Great Lakes. (Nelson: Fishes of the World, 1976, p97)Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Sea Bream: A species of PERCIFORMES commonly used in saline aquaculture.Catfishes: Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.Tetraodontiformes: A small order of primarily marine fish containing 340 species. Most have a rotund or box-like shape. TETRODOTOXIN is found in their liver and ovaries.Bass: Common name for FISHES belonging to the order Perciformes and occurring in three different families.Zebrafish: An exotic species of the family CYPRINIDAE, originally from Asia, that has been introduced in North America. They are used in embryological studies and to study the effects of certain chemicals on development.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Fish Venoms: Venoms produced by FISHES, including SHARKS and sting rays, usually delivered by spines. They contain various substances, including very labile toxins that affect the HEART specifically and all MUSCLES generally.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Perches: A common name for fish of the family Percidae, belonging to the suborder Percoidei, order PERCIFORMES.Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Flatfishes: Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.Tuna: Common name for various species of large, vigorous ocean fishes in the family Scombridae.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Goldfish: Common name for Carassius auratus, a type of carp (CARPS).Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Cypriniformes: An order of fish with 26 families and over 3,000 species. This order includes the families CYPRINIDAE (minnows and CARPS), Cobitidae (loaches), and Catostomidae (suckers).Takifugu: A genus of pufferfish commonly used for research.Smegmamorpha: Group of fish under the superorder Acanthopterygii, separate from the PERCIFORMES, which includes swamp eels, mullets, sticklebacks, seahorses, spiny eels, rainbowfishes, and KILLIFISHES. The name is derived from the six taxa which comprise the group. (From, 8/4/2000)Salmo salar: A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.Eicosapentaenoic Acid: Important polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils. It serves as the precursor for the prostaglandin-3 and thromboxane-3 families. A diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid lowers serum lipid concentration, reduces incidence of cardiovascular disorders, prevents platelet aggregation, and inhibits arachidonic acid conversion into the thromboxane-2 and prostaglandin-2 families.Docosahexaenoic Acids: C22-unsaturated fatty acids found predominantly in FISH OILS.Coral Reefs: Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.Poecilia: A genus of livebearing cyprinodont fish comprising the guppy and molly. Some species are virtually all female and depend on sperm from other species to stimulate egg development. Poecilia is used in carcinogenicity studies as well as neurologic and physiologic research.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Protozoan Infections, Animal: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Gadiformes: An order of fish including the families Gadidae (cods), Macrouridae (grenadiers), and hakes. The large Gadidae family includes cod, haddock, whiting, and pollock.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Dietary Fats, Unsaturated: Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.Flounder: Common name for two families of FLATFISHES belonging to the order Pleuronectiformes: left-eye flounders (Bothidae) and right-eye flounders (Pleuronectidae). The latter is more commonly used in research.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Ciguatera Poisoning: Poisoning caused by ingestion of SEAFOOD containing microgram levels of CIGUATOXINS. The poisoning is characterized by gastrointestinal, neurological and cardiovascular disturbances.Killifishes: Small oviparous fishes in the family Cyprinodontidae, usually striped or barred black. They are much used in mosquito control.Animal Fins: Membranous appendage of fish and other aquatic organisms used for locomotion or balance.Methylmercury Compounds: Organic compounds in which mercury is attached to a methyl group.Gadus morhua: A species of fish in the cod family GADIDAE, known as the Atlantic cod. It is one of the most important commercial FISHES.Ictaluridae: A family of North American freshwater CATFISHES. It consists of four genera (Ameiurus, Ictalurus, Noturus, Pylodictis,) comprising several species, two of which are eyeless.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Great Lakes Region: The geographic area of the Great Lakes in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. It usually includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.Mercury: A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.Batrachoidiformes: An order of bottom fishes with short, small, spinous dorsal fins. It is comprised of one family (Batrachoididae) and about 70 species.Osmeriformes: An order of fish including smelts, galaxiids, and salamanderfish.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Ectoparasitic Infestations: Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.Oncorhynchus kisutch: An anadromous species of SALMON ranging from the Arctic and Pacific Oceans to Monterey Bay, California and inhabiting ocean and coastal streams. It is familiarly known as the coho or silver salmon. It is relatively small but its light-colored flesh is of good flavor.Sharks: A group of elongate elasmobranchs. Sharks are mostly marine fish, with certain species large and voracious.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Antarctic Regions: The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.Characiformes: An order of fresh water fish with 18 families and over 1600 species. The order includes CHARACINS, hatchetfish, piranhas, and TETRAS.Elasmobranchii: A subclass of cartilaginous fish comprising the SHARKS; rays; skates (SKATES (FISH);), and sawfish. Elasmobranchs are typically predaceous, relying more on smell (the olfactory capsules are relatively large) than sight (the eyes are relatively small) for obtaining their food.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Fundulidae: Family of small, surface-dwelling fish that inhabit fresh and brackish waters, and coastal marine areas.Metacercariae: Encysted cercaria which house the intermediate stages of trematode parasites in tissues of an intermediate host.Food Chain: The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Electric Organ: In about 250 species of electric fishes, modified muscle fibers forming disklike multinucleate plates arranged in stacks like batteries in series and embedded in a gelatinous matrix. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. They serve to stun prey and ward off predators. A large torpedo ray can produce of shock of more than 200 volts, capable of stunning a human. (Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p672)Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.RNA Virus InfectionsRhabdoviridae: A family of bullet-shaped viruses of the order MONONEGAVIRALES, infecting vertebrates, arthropods, protozoa, and plants. Genera include VESICULOVIRUS; LYSSAVIRUS; EPHEMEROVIRUS; NOVIRHABDOVIRUS; Cytorhabdovirus; and Nucleorhabdovirus.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Flavobacteriaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family FLAVOBACTERIACEAE.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.

*  Internet Archive Search: subject:"Fishes -- Pacific coast"

Bibliography of the fishes of the Pacific coast of the United states to the end of 1879 ... The fishes of the Pacific coast; a handbook for sportsmen and tourists ..."Fishes -- Pacific coast"

*  Bottom Fishing

Bottom fishing is a risky strategy because the company's stock price is depressed for a reason and may not bounce back. ... A bottom-fishing investor speculates that the stock's depressed price is temporary, will recover and make for a profitable ... BREAKING DOWN 'Bottom Fishing'. Here are some examples of bottom fishing: -Investing in the stock of an aluminum company when ... DEFINITION of 'Bottom Fishing'. Investing in stocks that are cheap because of a problem with the company or the economy. A ...

*  Illegal fishing (IUU) | Fisheries

Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) depletes fish stocks, destroys marine habitats, distorts competition, puts ... EU operators who fish illegally anywhere in the world, under any flag, face substantial penalties proportionate to the economic ... The IUU Regulation can take steps against states that turn a blind eye to illegal fishing activities: first it issues a warning ... The EU Regulation to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) entered into force on 1 ...

*  single molecule RNA FISH

This site is devoted to helping people get started with single molecule RNA FISH. It is an in situ hybridization method that ... For some examples, please visit some of our single molecule RNA FISH photo albums. Also, if you want some references to papers ... Biology at University of Pennsylvania and describes a lot of the wisdom we have accumulated over the years in doing RNA FISH. ... A site about single molecule RNA FISH ...

*  Wisconsin Fishing Lunar Tables

Site includes Wisconsin fishing reports, weather reports, articles, tactics, boating info, stories, and much more. ...

*  Urban Dictionary: folly fishes

You're a folly fish. Ye, all schizo folly fishes, slimey and wet ye all are! Die. ... folly fishesunknown. An exclamation of anger, concern for the others well being, and an affirmative of the stupidity of others. ... fishes

*  DNR - Fish Kills

Fish Kills. Dead and dying fish are an ugly sight. Truth is, most species of fish are relatively short-lived and have a high ... Winterkill is the most common type of fish kill. When severe, it has devastating effects on fish populations and fishing ... Please e-mail information regarding all fish kills to ... Fish actually die in late winter, but may not be noticed until a month after the ice leaves the lake because the dead fish are ...,4570,7-153-10364_52259_63263-119822--,00.html

*  Fish Food - Adweek

Congresswoman Berkley disses Bloomberg scribe: It's safe to say that NBC's Brian Williams shouldn't feel threatened by the latest package from Bloomberg's Hans Nichols, who does his best ever Gayle King/Brian Ross impersonation (no, not really, we're joking). Nichols ever so suavely visits The Source Restaurant in downtown Washington to cover a fundraiser for Las Vegas Democratic Rep. Shelley Berkley's Senate race. In the clip we learn that House Maj. Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.), who invited lobbyists to the fundraiser, ate cantaloupe. We never find out what Berkley ate for breakfast because Berkley tells him how inappropriate he is when he "catches" her exciting the fundraiser and tells him to call her office, which translates loosely to: "Go to hell." She tells him, "I think this is an inappropriate way to talk to people. You're welcome to call my office." Watch here.. ...

*  Taj Mahal - Fishing Blues - YouTube

Taj playing Fishing Blues.

*  Lafayette Kayak Fishing Club (LKFC)

We offer a community to learn about kayak fishing and network with members at monthly meetings, online and on the water. Club ... We begin the Cajun Kayak Angler Series on Oct 3, 2009 which will consist of 5 fishing tournaments. *Please go to our new ... The Lafayette Kayak Fishing Club (LKFC) is Acadiana's club for paddle-craft anglers. LKFC is the club for kayak anglers in ... Lafayette Kayak Fishing Club (LKFC) is a Restricted Group with 90 members.. *Lafayette Kayak Fishing Club (LKFC) ...

*  Fish - - Online Kashrus Information

eat of the fishes, all that have fins and scales…" (Vayikrah XI:9-12) Bony tubercles and plate or thorn-like scales that can be removed only by removing part of the skin are not considered scales in this context. Some fish that have such scales, such as eels, lumpfish, shark, sturgeon, and swordfish, are not kosher. All shellfish and mammals (such as whales, and dolphins) are not kosher. Only the eggs of kosher fish, such as fish roe or caviar, are allowed, therefore supervision is necessary. Care must be taken when buying fresh, whole fish, filleted, or frozen, because of the possibility of substitution by non-kosher fish or of contamination by remnants of non-kosher fish from knives and cutting boards. Fish sticks have three problems: the fish, the oil, and the frying utensils and equipment (which is usually used for non-kosher fish as well as kosher fish). Smoked fish is frequently soaked in brine and then smoked along with non-kosher fish. According to Jewish law, this soaking and ...

*  Fish Handling and Gear

Fish may die after release for a variety of reasons. The most common causes of post-release mortality are physiological stress on the fish resulting from struggle during capture, injuries caused by the hook, and mishandling of the fish by the angler.. Unfortunately, some fish may die after release even though they appear unharmed and despite efforts by the angler to revive the fish.. Fish that struggle intensely during capture are usually exhausted and stressed from the accumulation of excessive amounts of lactic acid in their muscles and blood. The stress of capture may be more severe for larger fish such as tarpon, therefore, using the proper weight-class tackle, landing your catch quickly, and releasing the fish as quickly as possible increases the fish's chance of survival. Bringing an exhausted fish out of the water is like asking a triathlon winner to jump back in the water and hold their breath---they both need oxygen to recover!. Fish that are reeled to the surface from deep water may ...

*  Extinction, survival or recovery of large predatory fishes | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological...

Large predatory fishes have long played an important role in marine ecosystems and fisheries. Overexploitation, however, is gradually diminishing this role. Recent estimates indicate that exploitation has depleted large predatory fish communities worldwide by at least 90% over the past 50-100 years. We demonstrate that these declines are general, independent of methodology, and even higher for sensitive species such as sharks. We also attempt to predict the future prospects of large predatory fishes. (i) An analysis of maximum reproductive rates predicts the collapse and extinction of sensitive species under current levels of fishing mortality. Sensitive species occur in marine habitats worldwide and have to be considered in most management situations. (ii) We show that to ensure the survival of sensitive species in the northwest Atlantic fishing mortality has to be reduced by 40-80%. (iii) We show that rapid recovery of community biomass and diversity usually occurs when ...

*  FISH WONTON W/ ANCHOVY, GARLIC , TABASCO - Lady and Pups - an angry food blog

imported Italian goods), and they turned out to be little drops of afternoon delights. So why fish wonton? Why fish? See, I don't know about you, but when other people stock up their freezer with prime rib-eye steaks from Cosco, I do mine with frozen catfish fillets. I don't know why. Cheapness, possibly. Don't make me admit that I like frozen catfish. I'm supposed to have taste-buds of high caliber. How dare you. No, the point is, I was saying… as I was cleaning out my frozen fish tank, I thought, fish wonton, why not?. Ground fish, here in Asia, is actually quite a common ingredient with wide applications. What it lacks in meaty-ness, it gains in an uniquely light, soft and creamy texture which resembles between ricotta filling and French quenelles. It makes a wonton that is light in body and texture, with a particular sweetness in its gentle nature. To dress it up, I used a deeply savory olive oil with salty specks of anchovies and crispy garlic, brightened with fresh grated ginger, chopped ...

*  Ken Ham on Tiktaalik roseae - Dispatches from the Creation Wars

In the case of the fish to amphibian transition, we're talking about the very first amphibians to appear on the earth. Prior to about 365 million years ago, there were no amphibians on this planet, no terrestrial animals at all other than insects (which had only appeared about 400 million years ago). The earliest amphibian tetrapods looked remarkably like lobe-finned fish, called sarcopterygians, which led scientists to posit that they probably evolved from a species in that group. But it doesn't end there; we can get more specific. The earliest amphibians were not just closest to lobe-finned fish but to a particular subset of those fish known as osteolepiform. Osteolipiform fish share a trait with amphbians called a choana, an opening between the nostrils and the mouth that is essential for breathing air. In the water, it's used for smell, not for breathing, but it allows air to pass into the body through the nostrils so on land it could be adapted for breathing. Amphibians and osteolipiforms ...

*  Scat, Scatophagus argus Profile, with care, maintenance requirements and breeding information for your tropical fish

Scats . I am keeping all types Silver, Green, and Red. They are kept in a 20 gallon tank with monodactyls, both types. I use lots of filtration in a 20 gal tank and only three fish, to allow for growth. The Mono Sebae is huge-ten inches, and was aggressive enough to deter two small argentus. I bought four mollys, and two black finned sharks to break up the fighting, added a small silver scat, and then pulled out the dither fish (the mollys and the black finned shark-cats). This leaves me with two tanks of three fish each. In one a Mono argentus with a mono sebae and silver scat: the other tank holds two scats, one green (very large) and the other red, with the addition of a hefty mono argentus. There should be no problem with these guys. I can get them to eat anything really; they are funny swimmers in that they go horizontal, they duck under things and they come to the hand quite well. You can get them to eat frozen peas, by first cooking them a bit and breaking the shells with you finger; they ...

*  Fish on the Grill: More Than 70 Elegant, Easy, and Delectable Recipes - Audio Books & eBook Downloads

All you need are five simple ingredients and a grill to get each of these easy fish recipes on the table.Grilled Fish in Foil. Wrap foil securely around fish, leaving space for fish to expand.Elegant but easy, this fast fish dinner is simple enough to prepare on a. related recipes.Skinless chicken legs have only slightly more fat than breasts and are.. Recipes Fish And Seafood. Featured. with Dill Sauce for an easy and elegant weeknight dinner the. that holds eveyone over unitl dinner and is more nutritious.Avon Genuine Semi-Precious Nugget giftset bead accents. The fish hook earrings measure ...

*  Shad Most Savory

Lambertville, NJ. Celebrating a shad history dating back to 1771, the Lewis Fishery holds the only remaining commercial license to catch shad with nets. You can watch the crew row out and haul shad with seine nets between 1 and 2pm. Hundreds of people cross the wobbly pedestrian bridge to the tiny island fishery to watch this ancient technique and see the shad being drawn in to shore. These truly fresh shad are then offered for sale. Thousands of others visit Lambertville for the broader festivities including tastes of shad (planked, roe, etc), environmental programs, and art gallery-hopping with over-the-top shad themes ...

*  SierraClubGreenHome: March 2009

For decades, health advocates have exhorted us to eat more fish. It's low in saturated fat, rich in healthy omega-3 fatty acids, and a good source of protein, minerals, and vitamins. But these days the arguments for eating fish aren't so cut and dried. Many species, especially tuna, swordfish, and shark, are poisoned with mercury (much of which comes from emissions from coal-burning power plants). Mercury contamination is especially harmful to developing fetuses.The environmental news about fish is equally dire. According to WWF, an international conservation group, the populations of all species currently fished for food will collapse by 2048 if humans don't dramatically change our fishing and fish consumption practices.Unfortunately, fish farming has not turned out to be a panacea. Huge quantities of wild fish are caught to feed farmed fish, exacerbating overconsumption problems. Waste from fish farms contaminates the oceans, and the flesh of farmed fish may contain artificial dyes, as well as ...

*  The Angry Lab Rat: Fish That Will Eat You Alive And Make You Healthier At The Same Time

Back in 1917, a shepherd dipped his wounded leg into the hot water. These little fish, which are a little under 4 inches, or 9.7 cm, long, nibbled off the dead flesh from the wound. "Miraculously" his wound healed nicely. The fish are of the species Garra rufa, and became known as "doctor fish." By the 1950s, a local family enclosed the hot pool and a population of the fish in it, then started charging people for the right to let the fish eat their wounds. Normally the fish would move back and forth between the hot water (34 degrees C, or 93 degrees F) and an adjoining cool stream, eating algae and insects. But almost nothing grows in the hot spring, so the fish are very eager to eat human flesh as a food source. They only pick off the dead skin, though, and it isn't painful ...

*  Choosing Tropical Fish for Your Aquarium

Bolivian Rams, Jaguars and Zebras make you think of farms and jungles, but these are a few of the names of over 4000 species of tropical coldwater fish that come

*  Is Eating Raw Fish Safe and Healthy? | Alternet

Cooking kills bacteria and parasites that can cause disease. So is it safe to eat sushi? There are several practical reasons people cook fish before eating it, rather than simply serving it raw.Most importantly, cooking kills bacteria and parasites that can cause disease. Nevertheless, some people prefer the texture and taste of raw fish. It is especially popular in Japan as part of dishes like sushi and sashimi.But how safe is raw fish? This article reviews the risks and benefits. Types of Raw Fish DishesRaw fish dishes are growing in popularity. Here are a few examples:

*  Colorful and Bizarre New Fish Discovered - Looks Delicious Scientists Say - Zooillogix

A completely new family of fishes may have been discovered in the coral beds of Indonesia. Dive company owners, Buck and Fitrie Randolph of Maluku Divers spotted the fish in January but waited to photograph additional specimens before contacting the experts. Interviewed by Seattle PI, University of Washington ichthyologist Ted Pietsch, who specializes in anglerfish, said it was unlike anything he had ever seen, sputtering "I'm still thrilled. It's an incredible thing. It's remarkable.". The pink-and-tan striped frogfish cannot be identified by any fish experts so far. While Pietsch is relatively sure it is a type of frogfish, given the sheath on the eggs and arm-like fins, there are some strong differentiators: It lacks a lure, has tiny pelvic fins and, most bizarrely, has a flat face with forward facing eyes. Typically a fish's eyes are on opposite sides of their head rather than side by side like human eyes. This means it is possible that this fish has binocular vision for improved depth ...

*  Blood type compatibility of lower vertebrates: phylogenetic diversity in blood transfusion between fish species.

Bidirectional transfusion was investigated using phylogenetically different fish species, including twelve from ten genera. Three different modalities were used: long-lasting persistence when rainbow trout received allogenic erythrocytes, slow reject

*  Participation and Expenditure Patterns of African-American, Hispanic, and Female Hunters and Anglers Addendum to the 2001...

Participation and Expenditure Patterns of African-American, Hispanic, and Female Hunters and Anglers Addendum to the 2001 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation Report 2001-4 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Participation and Expenditure Patterns of African-American, Hispanic, and Female Hunters and Anglers Addendum to the 2001 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation Report 2001-4 May 2004 Erin Henderson U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Division of Economics Arlington VA This report is intended to complement the National and State reports from the 2001 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation. The conclusions are the authors and do not represent official positions of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 2 Participation and Expenditure Patterns of African-American, Hispanic, and Female Hunters and Anglers Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

*  What Does Science Say? Bioavailability of Triglyceride vs. Ethyl Ester Forms of Fish Oil

Consumers and health professionals like concentrated fish oil products. Higher doses of EPA and DHA are often required to achieve desired nutrition and health benefits. Concentrated fish oil products can provide double or more of the amount of EPA and DHA than regular fish oil but not at double the price. Concentrated fish oil products offer more omega-3 in fewer capsules and are often a better value.. Manufacturing concentrated fish oil: EE and rTG forms. To begin, the three types of fatty acids (saturated, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated) in the triglyceride are liberated from glycerol and attached to an ethyl alcohol and become ethyl ester (EE) fatty acids. The production of the EE form is a necessary first step. Conversion into the EE form allows omega-3 fatty acids to be separated from the saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids without damaging the omega-3s. At this point, EE omega-3s (EPA, DHA, or DPA) can be molecularly distilled, concentrated to the desired level, delicately ...

*  Aquaponic Fish - Aquaponics Exposed

What are the best fish for aquaponics? Learn the best edible fish and ornamental fish for your aquaponic system. Discover out what aquaponic fish work best.

*  Foods High in Vitamin B2 Riboflavin (With Benefits) - Nollywood

Oily fish is a rich source of vitamins B2 and is also rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Amongst the different fishes, mackerel is the best source of vitamin B2. A 100 gram serving of mackerel provides 0.58 mg or 34% DV of this vitamin B2. Other oily fish also contain significant amounts of vitamin B2. These fish are smoked salmon (27% DV), wild salmon (24% DV), trout (21% DV), tuna and herring (15% DV) and salmon (11% DV) in a 3 oz. serving. So, if you want to take the proper amount of vitamin B2 ensure to have fish at least once in a week.. ...

*  Hot sell new Cheap 1PCS Artificial Colorful carp with 3D eyes Hard curve Crank lures simulation plastic baits fish Tackle...

USD 0.93/pieceUSD 0.93/pieceUSD 1.14/pieceUSD 0.92/pieceUSD 1.65/pieceUSD 0.87/pieceUSD 1.17/piece Features: Order NoticeSmooth and rapid diving action. With lifelike fish appearance, can tempt the attention of the fish. Brilliantly replicates colors and patterns of actual bait fish to attract fish. 3D eyes make it a powerful catching tool. Each with high penetration sharp treble hooks. Small and ...

*  Fish Are Animals Who Do Things

Social learning is illustrated by the migrations of the surgeon fish (Acathurus nigrofuscus), described in detail by Arthur A. Myrberg Jr. in 1998. These fish leave their territories all over the lagoon, and travel in single file through paths in the coral to their traditional spawning grounds. They go and return along the same paths each night at precisely the same time, as I saw in the local lagoon, year after year. Their spawning ground was the only place along the lagoon's border where the outflowing current was exactly balanced by the incoming surge, so that the huge cloud of spawn that they left in the gathering night, stayed in place. These short term migrations had been shown to be the result of social learning; each generation of fish learned from its elders where to go to spawn, and when ...

*  Diseases And Parasites | Green Aquarium

Some of the things you should look for however when purchasing a new fish are:. 1. Behavior- How is it swimming? Is it interacting with the other fish?. Take some time to watch the fish you have your eye on. If it is swimming erratically or off-balance you need to look for another fish. Is it scratching its body against the rocks or substrate? If so you don't want it either. Is it hidden in a corner and not active? All of these are cause for concern and you should refrain from purchasing. Trust me I know how tempting it is. You will ignore me much as I have and do it anyway. I just did and I regret it wholeheartedly.. 2. Condition- How does the fish look?. Visually inspect the fish for lesions, imperfections, spots, dots, bumps you get the idea. Are the fins torn? Maybe you think it is just from another fish picking on it, or perhaps it has parasites that are eating away at its tissue. All that can come of us purchasing sick fish is that our local stores will keep stocking them. After all it ...

*  Stop Using Cyanide, Fish Divers Urged - tribunedigital-chicagotribune

Pablito Ocba dives for tropical fish the Filipino way, his only lifeline a crude air hose, clamped between his teeth, that connects him to an air compressor on the outrigger canoe bobbing on the

*  A Fish a Day to Keep the Cancer Do... (Sturgeon Bay WI (PRWEB) November 26 2013...)

Sturgeon Bay WI (PRWEB) November 26 2013 Breast cancer is the most common cancer worldwide responsible for 23% of all cancer cases and 14% of all cancer deaths in 2008. Sturgeon Bay Wisconsin Chiropractor and Naturopath,A,Fish,a,Day,to,Keep,the,Cancer,Doctor,Away?,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology

*  The Cold Hard Facts: Legendary Exploits

Proctor & Gamble, in its continuing search to make America look clean and smell great, has a new "improved" version of the sponge on the market that kills odor-causing fungi that get in the sponge after a few uses. They make a big deal out of this innovation on the outside packaging. A friend of mine used one of these sponges to clean the glass on a 200-gallon aquarium. The abrasive backs are good for removing algae and smutz that collect on the inside of the tank. He refilled the tank and after the water had time to condition and rid itself of chlorine, he reintroduced his tropical fish collection of some 30 fish. Within five hours of putting the fish back in the tank, they were all dead! Some began to die after only 30 minutes. He removed the survivors to another tank but they all died ...

*  Screensaver Aquarium Real Life 1 1.0 - Real life coral fish (no Animation) filmed swimming around beautifully colored sea...

This is the 13th screensaver of the "Aquarium Real Life" serial. This is the 13th screensaver of the "Aquarium Real Life" serial. Authentic, real filmed fish, no animation. The same White Fins and Guppies as in Aquarium Real Life 11 and 12, but here they were filmed in long shot format. The fish are swimming in ...

Baltic sculpin: The Baltic sculpinBaltic sculpin (Cottus microstomus) at EOL (Cottus microstomus) is a species of sculpin, a European freshwater fish in the Cottidae family. It is widespread in the Dniester drainage (Black Sea basin), Odra and Vistula drainages (southern Baltic basin), most likely extending further east to Gulf of Finland.European Community Reference Laboratory for Fish Diseases: The European Community Reference Laboratory for Fish DiseasesCommunity Reference Laboratory for Fish Diseases is located in Frederiksberg in Denmark at the National Veterinary Institute (a part of Technical University of Denmark).Polymeal: The Polymeal is a diet-based approach to combatting heart disease, proposed in December 2004 by Oscar Franco, a Colombian public health scientist at the University Medical Centre in Rotterdam, Netherlands. Franco and his colleagues suggest the "Polymeal" as a natural alternative to the "Polypill", a multi-drug-based strategy for reducing heart disease.Pink skunk clownfish: Amphiprion perideraion also known as the pink skunk clownfish or pink anemonefish, is a species of anemonefish from the skunk complex that is widespread from northern Australia through the Malay Archipelago and Melanesia. Like all anemonefishes it forms a symbiotic mutualism with sea anemones and is unaffected by the stinging tentacles of the host anemone.Electrocommunication: Electrocommunication is the communication method used by weakly electric fishes. Weakly electric fishes are a group of animals that utilize a communicating channel that is "invisible" to most other animals: electric signaling.Little skate: The little skate, Leucoraja erinacea, is a species of skate in the family Rajidae, found from Nova Scotia to North Carolina on sand or gravel habitats. They are one of the dominant members of the demersal fish community in the northwestern Atlantic.SeaChoice: SeaChoice is a program of Sustainable Seafood Canada that uses the Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch recommendations to raise consumer awareness about the importance of buying seafood from sustainable sources. It is best known for publishing consumer guides for responsible seafood purchasing.Synanceia: Synanceia is a genus of fish of the family Synanceiidae, the stonefishes, whose members are venomous, dangerous, and even fatal to humans. It is one of the most venomous fish currently known in the world.Southern California Steelhead DPS: The Southern California Steelhead Distinct Population Segment (DPS) occurs from the Santa Maria River to the Tijuana River at the United States and Mexican Border in seasonally accessible rivers and streams.*NOAA.Sustainable Fisheries Act of 1996: The Sustainable Fisheries Act of 1996 is an amendment to the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, a law governing the management of marine fisheries in the United States. Another major amendment to this legislation was later made under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2006.Notropis: Notropis is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. They are known commonly as eastern shiners.Aquaculture of sea sponges: Sea sponge aquaculture is the process of farming sea sponges under controlled conditions. It has been conducted in the world's oceans for centuries using a number of aquaculture techniques.Chinese rice fishNeolamprologus leleupi: Neolamprologus leleupi, also known as Lemon Cichlid, is a species of cichlid endemic to Lake Tanganyika where it occurs throughout the lake. It is a recess-dweller, inhabiting cracks and crevices.Spring viraemia of carp: Spring viraemia of carp, also known as Swim Bladder Inflammation, is caused by a rhabdovirus called Rhabdovirus carpio. It is listed as a notifiable disease under the World Organisation for Animal Health.Fish gill: Most fish exchange gases using gills on either side of the pharynx (throat). Gills are tissues which consist of cloth and fabric structures called filaments.Diseases and parasites in salmonWidemouth gambusia: The widemouth gambusia (Gambusia eurystoma) is a species of fish in the family Poeciliidae of the order Cyprinodontiformes. It is endemic to Mexico, specifically to the Baños del Azufre (Grijalva River basin) near Teapa, Tabasco.Thymallus yaluensis: Thymallus yaluensis is a putative species of freshwater fish, a grayling in the salmon family Salmonidae. It is endemic to the upper Yalu River in Korea, on the Chinese border.Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin: The Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin is a drainage basin that covers part of western Queensland and New South Wales. It is adjacent to the much larger Lake Eyre basin.Red seabream: Red sea bream is a name given to at least two species of fish of the family Sparidae, Pagrus major and Pagellus bogaraveo. Pagellus bogaraveo is also known as blackspot sea bream.Silurus biwaensis: The giant Lake Biwa catfish (Silurus biwaensis) or Biwako-o'namazu, ビワコオオナマズ (Japan) is the largest predatory catfish species endemic to Lake Biwa in Japan.Tetraodontidae: Tetraodontidae is a family of primarily marine and estuarine fish of the order Tetraodontiformes. The family includes many familiar species, which are variously called pufferfish, puffers, balloonfish, blowfish, bubblefish, globefish, swellfish, toadfish, toadies, honey toads, sugar toads, and sea squab.Shadow bassMorphant: An organism which has been treated with a morpholino antisense oligo to temporarily knock down expression of a targeted gene is called a morphant.List of rivers of Brazil: This is a list of rivers in Brazil.Pardaxin: Pardaxin is a peptide produced by the Red Sea sole and the Pacific Peacock sole that is used as a shark repellent. It causes lysis of mammalian and bacterial cells, similar to melittin.Lollipop darter: The lollipop darter (Etheostoma neopterum) is a species of darter endemic to the eastern United States. Lollipop darters are approximately long.Bithynia fuchsiana: Bithynia fuchsiana is a species of small freshwater snail with a gill and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Bithyniidae.Philophthalmus gralliThomas Dover: Thomas Dover, M.D.Pacific bluefin tunaBranching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Edna's Goldfish: Edna's Goldfish was an American ska punk band from Long Island, New York.SAFE FOODSVortex ring toyIntraguild predation: Intraguild predation, or IGP, is the killing and eating of potential competitors. This interaction represents a combination of predation and competition, because both species rely on the same prey resources and also benefit from preying upon one another.Cobitis: Cobitis is a palearctic genus of ray-finned fish in the family Cobitidae. It contains the typical spiny loaches, including the well-known spined loach (C.Ultra-conserved element: An ultra-conserved element (UCE) is a region of DNA that is identical in at least two different species. One of the first studies of UCEs showed that human DNA sequences of length 200 nucleotides or greater were entirely conserved (identical nucleic acid sequence) in both rats and mice.Seahorse: Lower Miocene to presentBosseopentaenoic acidMaresin: Maresins are newly described macrophage-derived mediators of inflammation resolution. The term Maresins is coined from Macrophage mediator in resolving inflammation (maresin), they were found to possess potent anti-inflammatory and proresolving properties similar to Resolvin E1.African coral reefs: African coral reefs are coral reefs mainly found along the south and east coasts of Africa. The east coast corals extend from the Red Sea to Madagascar in the south, and are an important resource for the fishersmen of Kenya, Tanzania and Madagascar.Poecilia sphenops: Poecilia sphenops is a species of fish, of the genus Poecilia, known under the common name molly; to distinguish it from its congeners, it is sometimes called short-finned molly or common molly. They inhabit fresh water streams and coastal brackish and marine waters of Mexico.Kudoa thyrsites: Kudoa thyrsites is a myxosporean parasite of marine fishes. It has a worldwide distribution, and infects a wide range of host species.EcosystemCoryphaenoides: Late Oligocene to PresentMayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.Blackfin flounder: The blackfin flounder, Glyptocephalus stelleri, is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives in temperate waters at depths of between , though it is most commonly found between .Coles PhillipsRed Sea species hazardous to humans: Although most species in the Red Sea pose no threat to humans, there are a few notable exceptions.Epiboly: Epiboly is a cell movement that occurs in the early embryo, at the same time as gastrulation. It is one of many movements in the early embryo that allow for dramatic physical restructuring (see morphogenesis).Fin rotMethylmercuryChannel catfish virus: Channel Catfish virus (Ictalurid herpesvirus 1) is a member of the Alloherpesviridae family that causes disease in catfish. Infection with Channel catfish viral disease (CCVD) can cause significant economic loss in channel catfish farms.Deep chlorophyll maximum: A deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) is a subsurface maximum in the concentration of chlorophyll in the ocean or a lake. A DCM is not always present--sometimes there is more chlorophyll at the surface than at any greater depth--but it is a common feature of most aquatic ecosystems.Great Lakes BasinMercury(II) reductase: Mercury(II) reductase (), commonly known as MerA, is an oxidoreductase enzyme and flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of Hg2+ to Hg0. Mercury(II) reductase is found in the cytoplasm of many eubacteria in both aerobic and anaerobic environments and the serves the purpose of converting toxic mercury ions into its relatively inert elemental form.Midshipman fishColdwater River (Branch County): Coldwater River is a U.S.Rice bran oilEctoparasitic infestationShark liver oil: Shark liver oil is an oil obtained from the livers of sharks. It has been used for centuries as a folk remedy to promote the healing of wounds and as a remedy for respiratory tract and digestive system problems.Anoxic event: Oceanic anoxic events or anoxic events (anoxia conditions) refer to intervals in the Earth's past where portions of oceans become depleted in oxygen (O2) at depths over a large geographic area. During some of these events, euxinia develops - euxinia refers to anoxic waters that contain hydrogen sulfide.Chaenocephalus aceratus: Chaenocephalus aceratus, the blackfin icefish, is a species of crocodile icefish known from around Bouvet Island and the northern Antarctic Peninsula where it occurs at depths of . This species grows to a length of TL.Restricted isometry property: In linear algebra, the restricted isometry property characterizes matrices which are nearly orthonormal, at least when operating on sparse vectors. The concept was introduced by Emmanuel Candès and Terence TaoE.Hoplias malabaricusEastern shovelnose ray: The eastern shovelnose ray (Aptychotrema rostrata) is a species of guitarfish, family Rhinobatidae.http://www.Salt lake: Salt Lake (Disambiguation)}}Fundulus olivaceus: Fundulus olivaceus is a species of fish in the family Fundulidae, the topminnows and North American killifishes. It is known by the common name blackspotted topminnow.Microbial food web: The microbial food web refers the combined trophic interactions among microbes in aquatic environments. These microbes include viruses, bacteria, algae, heterotrophic protists (such as ciliates and flagellates).Hydraulic action: Hydraulic action is erosion that occurs when the motion of water against a rock surface produces mechanical weathering. Most generally, it is the ability of moving water (flowing or waves) to dislodge and transport rock particles.Blind electric rayMeramec Conservation AreaSigma viruses: Sigma viruses are a clade of viruses in the family Rhabdoviridae that naturally infect dipterans, and have recently been proposed to represent a new genus of rhabdoviruses.Longdon B and Walker PJ (2011) Sigma virus genus proposal for the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.Andesobia jelskiiMolecular evolution: Molecular evolution is a change in the sequence composition of cellular molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins across generations. The field of molecular evolution uses principles of evolutionary biology and population genetics to explain patterns in these changes.Matrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.

(1/5700) Mercury and mink. I. The use of mercury contaminated fish as a food for ranch mink.

Adult female and juvenile ranch mink were fed rations containing 50 and 75% of fish containing 0.44 ppm total mercury over a 145 day period. There was no clinical or pathological evidence of intoxication in these animals and mercury concentrations in tissue appeared to be at a level below that associated with toxicity.  (+info)

(2/5700) Three receptor genes for plasminogen related growth factors in the genome of the puffer fish Fugu rubripes.

Plasminogen related growth factors (PRGFs) and their receptors play major roles in embryogenesis, tissue regeneration and neoplasia. In order to investigate the complexity and evolution of the PRGF receptor family we have cloned and sequenced three receptors for PRGFs in the teleost fish Fugu rubripes, a model vertebrate with a compact genome. One of the receptor genes isolated encodes the orthologue of mammalian MET, whilst the other two may represent Fugu rubripes orthologues of RON and SEA. This is the first time three PRGF receptors have been identified in a single species.  (+info)

(3/5700) Subunit dissociation in fish hemoglobins.

The tetramer-dimer dissociation equilibria (K 4,2) of several fish hemoglobins have been examined by sedimentation velocity measurements with a scanner-computer system for the ultracentrifuge and by flash photolysis measurements using rapid kinetic methods. Samples studied in detail included hemoglobins from a marine teleost, Brevoortia tyrannus (common name, menhaden); a fresh water teleost, Cyprinus carpio, (common name, carp); and an elasmobranch Prionace glauca (common name, blue shark). For all three species in the CO form at pH 7, in 0.1 M phosphate buffer, sedimentation coefficients of 4.3 S (typical of tetrameric hemoglobin) are observed in the micromolar concentration range. In contrast, mammalian hemoglobins dissociate appreciably to dimers under these conditions. The inability to detect dissociation in three fish hemoglobins at the lowest concentrations examined indicates that K 4,2 must have a value of 10(-8) M or less. In flash photolysis experiments on very dilute solutions in long path length cells, two kinetic components were detected with their proportions varying as expected for an equilibrium between tetramers (the slower component) and dimers (the faster component); values of K 4,2 for the three fish hemoglobins in the range 10(-9) to 10(-8) M were calculated from these data. Thus, the values of K 4,2 for liganded forms of the fish hemoglobins appear to be midway between the value for liganded human hemoglobin (K 4,2 approximately 10(-6) M) and unliganded human hemoglobin (K 4,2 approximately 10(-12) M). This conclusion is supported by measurements on solutions containing guanidine hydrochloride to enhance the degree of dissociation. All three fish hemoglobins are appreciably dissociated at guanidine concentrations of about 0.8 M, which is roughly midway between the guanidine concentrations needed to cause comparable dissociation of liganded human hemoglobin (about 0.4 M) and unliganded human hemoglobin (about 1.6 M). Kinetic measurements on solutions containing guanidine hydrochloride indicated that there are changes in both the absolute rates and the proportions of the fast and slow components, which along with other factors complicated the analysis of the data in terms of dissociation constants. Measurements were also made in solutions containing urea to promote dissociation, but with this agent very high concentrations (about 6 M) were required to give measureable dissociation and the fish hemoglobins were unstable under these conditions, with appreciable loss of absorbance spectra in both the sedimentation and kinetic experiments.  (+info)

(4/5700) Evidence for a correlation between the number of marginal band microtubules and the size of vertebrate erthrocytes.

In 23 species of vertebrates the dimensions of erythrocytes and the number of their marginal band microtubules were examined. A positive correlation was found between the size of erythrocytes and the number of microtubules. The absence of microtubules in diskoid erythrocytes of mammals-Camelidae-is discussed.  (+info)

(5/5700) Importance of air and water breathing in relation to size of the African lungfish Protopterus amphibius Peters.

1. Oxygen uptakes from air and water have been measured in relation to weight of the African lungfish Protopterus amphibius Peters. 2. Combined O2 uptake from air and water ranged from 60 ml O2 kg-1 h-1 STPD, in a 3-7 g specimen, to 30 ml O2kg-1 h-1, in a 255 g specimen. 3. While the combined O2 uptake changed by a factor of 2, within the weight range under study, the aquatic O2 uptake changed 8-fold within the same range. The smaller fish satisfy 70% of their O2 requirement by aquatic breathing compared to 10-15% in the grown specimens. 4. The pattern of bimodal breathing in P. amphibius is discussed in relation to the natural habitat of the species.  (+info)

(6/5700) Midbrain combinatorial code for temporal and spectral information in concurrent acoustic signals.

All vocal species, including humans, often encounter simultaneous (concurrent) vocal signals from conspecifics. To segregate concurrent signals, the auditory system must extract information regarding the individual signals from their summed waveforms. During the breeding season, nesting male midshipman fish (Porichthys notatus) congregate in localized regions of the intertidal zone and produce long-duration (>1 min), multi-harmonic signals ("hums") during courtship of females. The hums of neighboring males often overlap, resulting in acoustic beats with amplitude and phase modulations at the difference frequencies (dFs) between their fundamental frequencies (F0s) and harmonic components. Behavioral studies also show that midshipman can localize a single hum-like tone when presented with a choice between two concurrent tones that originate from separate speakers. A previous study of the neural mechanisms underlying the segregation of concurrent signals demonstrated that midbrain neurons temporally encode a beat's dF through spike synchronization; however, spectral information about at least one of the beat's components is also required for signal segregation. Here we examine the encoding of spectral differences in beat signals by midbrain neurons. The results show that, although the spike rate responses of many neurons are sensitive to the spectral composition of a beat, virtually all midbrain units can encode information about differences in the spectral composition of beat stimuli via their interspike intervals (ISIs) with an equal distribution of ISI spectral sensitivity across the behaviorally relevant dFs. Together, temporal encoding in the midbrain of dF information through spike synchronization and of spectral information through ISI could permit the segregation of concurrent vocal signals.  (+info)

(7/5700) Characterization of K+ currents underlying pacemaker potentials of fish gonadotropin-releasing hormone cells.

Endogenous pacemaker activities are important for the putative neuromodulator functions of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-immunoreactive terminal nerve (TN) cells. We analyzed several types of voltage-dependent K+ currents to investigate the ionic mechanisms underlying the repolarizing phase of pacemaker potentials of TN-GnRH cells by using the whole brain in vitro preparation of fish (dwarf gourami, Colisa lalia). TN-GnRH cells have at least four types of voltage-dependent K+ currents: 1) 4-aminopyridine (4AP)-sensitive K+ current, 2) tetraethylammonium (TEA)-sensitive K+ current, and 3) and 4) two types of TEA- and 4AP-resistant K+ currents. A transient, low-threshold K+ current, which was 4AP sensitive and showed significant steady-state inactivation in the physiological membrane potential range (-40 to -60 mV), was evoked from a holding potential of -100 mV. This current thus cannot contribute to the repolarizing phase of pacemaker potentials. TEA-sensitive K+ current evoked from a holding potential of -100 mV was slowly activating, long lasting, and showed comparatively low threshold of activation. This current was only partially inactivated at steady state of -60 to -40 mV, which is equivalent to the resting membrane potential. TEA- and 4AP-resistant sustained K+ currents were evoked from a holding potential of -100 mV and were suggested to consist of two types, based on the analysis of activation curves. From the inactivation and activation curves, it was suggested that one of them with low threshold of activation may be partly involved in the repolarizing phase of pacemaker potentials. Bath application of TEA together with tetrodotoxin reversibly blocked the pacemaker potentials in current-clamp recordings. We conclude that the TEA-sensitive K+ current is the most likely candidate that contributes to the repolarizing phase of the pacemaker potentials of TN-GnRH cells.  (+info)

(8/5700) Activities of citrate synthase, NAD+-linked and NADP+-linked isocitrate dehydrogenases, glutamate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase in nervous tissues from vertebrates and invertebrates.

1. The activities of citrate synthase and NAD+-linked and NADP+-linked isocitrate dehydrogenases were measured in nervous tissue from different animals in an attempt to provide more information about the citric acid cycle in this tissue. In higher animals the activities of citrate synthase are greater than the sum of activities of the isocitrate dehydrogenases, whereas they are similar in nervous tissues from the lower animals. This suggests that in higher animals the isocitrate dehydrogenase reaction is far-removed from equilibrium. If it is assumed that isocitrate dehydrogenase activities provide an indication of the maximum flux through the citric acid cycle, the maximum glycolytic capacity in nervous tissue is considerably greater than that of the cycle. This suggest that glycolysis can provide energy in excess of the aerobic capacity of the tissue. 2. The activities of glutamate dehydrogenase are high in most nervous tissues and the activities of aspartate aminotransferase are high in all nervous tissue investigated. However, the activities of alanine aminotransferase are low in all tissues except the ganglia of the waterbug and cockroach. In these insect tissues, anaerobic glycolysis may result in the formation of alanine rather than lactate.  (+info)


  • Even large fish, too large to be eaten by predators such as bass and pike, experience a death rate of approximately 50% per year. (
  • Their predators include various pelagic fishes. (


  • Truth is, most species of fish are relatively short-lived and have a high rate of mortality. (
  • Usually, fish kills indicate that the habitat is of marginal quality for certain species because of the broad range of weather conditions we experience in Michigan. (
  • Eel (order Anguilliformes), any of more than 800 species of teleost fishes characterized by elongate wormlike bodies. (


  • islands may have some reefs where the fish are inedible because of the toxin and other reefs where the fish are unaffected. (


  • TROUT - Rivers & Streams - Conditions should be good for trout fishing this weekend, with cool, comfortable weather forecast and generally adequate flows. (
  • Trout fishing was generally slow last week, but fishing on the West Branch Farmington, Farmington and Housatonic rivers was good to begin this week. (


  • Only a fraction of the dead fish are ever observed because many decompose on the bottom or are eaten by scavengers such as turtles and crayfish. (


  • Most outbreaks were reported from Hawaii (111) and Florida (10), although outbreaks and sporadic cases in California (two), Vermont (one), New York (one), and Illinois (one) also have been associated with consumption of fish imported from tropical waters (3,4). (


  • Winterkill begins with distressed fish gasping for air at holes in the ice and ends with large numbers of dead fish which bloat as the water warms in early spring. (


  • EU operators who fish illegally anywhere in the world, under any flag, face substantial penalties proportionate to the economic value of their catch, which deprive them of any profit. (


  • Apparently, fish in the oxygen-depleted areas do not sense the danger and swim to safety in time. (
  • The outbreak described in this report was recognized in an area not typically associated with ciguatera intoxication and underscores that ciguatera poisoning can occur among travelers returning from areas where ciguatera is endemic or among persons consuming fish imported from those areas. (
  • LARGEMOUTH BASS fishing is reported as slow in many areas. (


  • Farmington River - Fishing has been good (once flows settled down from last week's rain) and conditions should be good for the weekend. (
  • Although the leptocephali were once thought to have been fishes of a distinct group, their relationship with the Anguilliformes was soon recognized from transitional specimens that showed larval and adult characters. (


  • Lafayette Kayak Fishing Club (LKFC) is a Restricted Group with 90 members. (


  • Trace amounts of dissolved oxygen (measured in parts per million, ppm) are required by fish and all other forms of aquatic life. (


  • They may be thought of as nature's way of thinning out fish populations. (


  • As a rule of thumb, the critical level of oxygen is about 2 ppm for most game fish native to warmwater lakes, and levels below 1 ppm for extended periods of time are lethal. (


  • Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) depletes fish stocks, destroys marine habitats, distorts competition, puts honest fishers at an unfair disadvantage, and weakens costal communities, particularly in developing countries. (


  • Large fish, which draw more electricity than small fish, may be killed selectively. (


  • Based on food histories from the 23 crew members, TDH suspected consumption of a barracuda caught by crew members while fishing near the Cay Sal Bank of the Bahamas on October 11 as the source of illness. (


  • The IUU Regulation can take steps against states that turn a blind eye to illegal fishing activities: first it issues a warning, then it can identify and black list them for not fighting IUU fishing. (
  • Night fishing is still producing some fish (try black jitterbugs and surface poppers). (


  • A bottom-fishing investor speculates that the stock's depressed price is temporary, will recover and make for a profitable investment. (
  • Bottom fishing is a risky strategy because the company's stock price is depressed for a reason and may not bounce back. (


  • Fortunately, the deaths are usually spread-out over the year and are rarely observed or become a problem except when concentrated as a fish kill. (


  • These fish require both cold and well-oxygenated water. (
  • Fish actually die in late winter, but may not be noticed until a month after the ice leaves the lake because the dead fish are temporarily preserved by the cold water. (
  • guy gets knocked out cold by a fish and his friend is in the background laughing his a** off. (


  • Dead fish may appear fuzzy because of secondary infection by fungus, but the fungus was not the cause of death. (


  • This report summarizes an investigation of this outbreak by the Texas Department of Health (TDH), which indicated that 17 crew members experienced ciguatera fish poisoning resulting from eating a contaminated barracuda. (
  • Although crew members also ate red snapper and grouper at the same meal, neither of these fish were linked epidemiologically with illness. (


  • For some examples, please visit some of our single molecule RNA FISH photo albums. (


  • This site is maintained by the Raj Lab for Systems Biology at University of Pennsylvania and describes a lot of the wisdom we have accumulated over the years in doing RNA FISH. (
  • Natural fish kills are obnoxious, and may affect fishing and predator-prey "balance" for years. (


  • This site is devoted to helping people get started with single molecule RNA FISH. (


  • Please e-mail information regarding all fish kills to . (
  • If you suspect a fish kill is caused by non-natural causes, please call your nearest DNR location or Michigan's Pollution Emergency Alert System 800-292-4706. (


  • Most of the time, fish kills are due to natural causes over which we have no control, such as weather. (