*  Fish diseases: A Primer
So, I thought it time to write up a post about the most common fish diseases you're likely to run into, and how to cure a fish ... Surprisingly, several of the same diseases are both found in freshwater and marine fish, and the life cycle of the parasites ... And that PM got me thinking about Ich and other diseases that affect freshwater and marine fishes. ... I got a PM recently from a user who wanted to know if his sister's fish had Ich. I told him yes, and what to do about it. ...
*  Marine Fish Diseases | Saltwater Aquarium Advice
Tagged disease, marine fish, marine fish disease, reef aquarium, reef safe medication, salt water aquarium, saltwater aquarium ... Tagged Aquarium disease, Aquarium parasites, Brooklynella, Clownfish disease, Crypto, marine fish disease, Marine velvet, ... Tagged #saltwateraquariumadvice, Ich, marine aquarium, marine disease, marine fish, marine fish disease, quarantine, salt water ... Posted in Disease Prevention, Marine Fish Diseases, Quarantine and Acclimation, Saltwater Aquarium Health, Saltwater Aquarium ...
*  BETTA FISH DISEASE AND TREATMENT | Bettaplus.com ahlinya cupang hias juara
There are two ways to treat a betta fish disease. One is the conservative route on betta fish disease treatment. It involves ... Home » Betta Fish Care BETTA FISH DISEASE AND TREATMENT. Submitted by Cupang Hias , Betta Splendens on 7 October 2011 - 08:34 ... Therapeutic Additives on betta fish disease treatment: There are a number of things you can do for your betta fish to reduce ... Water Chemistry (key factor of BETTA FISH DISEASE AND TREATMET): Before you treat your fish for everything under the sun, check ...
*  LiveAquaria.com: Fish Disease
Fish Disease also found in: Aquarium Solutions Ich-X SW,New Life Spectrum ICK SHIELD Sinking Pellets,Lantern Bass,pH Up or pH ... Freshwater Fish , Pond Fish & Plants , Brackish Fish , Freshwater Inverts , Freshwater Plants Marine Fish , Corals , Reef Rock ... Disease Prevention for Healthy Aquarium Fish. Sick fish can quickly undermine the precious time and resources invested in ... Saltwater ich (ick), or "white spot disease" is one of the most common diseases that infect marine fish in home aquariums. It ...
*  Common Aquarium Fish Diseases and Treatment
Discover some of the most common problems your aquarium fish might catch. Most of the fish diseases and health problems are ... fish can get sick from various diseases and parasites. ... Common Aquarium Fish Diseases and Treatment Just like us, fish ... Most of the fish diseases and health problems are treatable if you know what to do. Healthy fish have strong immune system ... 5 Tips to Boost Fish Immune System and Overall Health. Ich is one of the most commonly seen fish diseases in home aquariums. ...
*  FAO - 新闻报道: Zambezi hit by killer fish disease
Zambezi hit by killer fish disease. Risks spreading to other parts of Africa. Fishing on the Zambezi River in Zambia ... 21 July 2009, Rome - A killer disease is decimating fish stocks in the Zambezi River Valley, threatening the food security and ... Some 50 species of finfish are susceptible to the disease, with outbreaks often affecting younger fish in particular so that ... It is one of the most serious aquatic diseases affecting finfish. "If not properly contained there is the risk of the disease ...
*  Common Fish Diseases - Pet Reporters
Sometimes this disease can be induced by injury from another fish in the tank. Some fish attack other fish with their fins, ... Most fish diseases are caused by the environment around the fish. Is it a clean environment? Is the fish surrounded by other ... If you have a sick fish, you will want to start by ruling out ICH, a fish disease that causes your fish to have white spots all ... The fish may also have a loss of appetite.. ICH does not go away on its own. To cure your fish of this disease, you will need ...
*  Fish Disease Index | REEF2REEF Saltwater and Reef Aquarium Forum
This thread contains links to commonly encountered saltwater fish diseases. Please click on the blue links below for more info ... Fish Disease Index Discussion in 'Fish Disease Treatment and Diagnosis' started by Humblefish, May 5, 2016. ... Fish Diseases 101 provides a brief rundown of both common and not so common diseases.. Bacterial Infections. Black Ich ( ... This thread contains links to commonly encountered saltwater fish diseases. Please click on the blue links below for more info ...
*  betta fish disease - Bettaplus.com ahlinya cupang hias juara
Articles tagged with: betta fish disease. KIND OF BETTA FISH DISEASE AND TREATMENT. 7 October 2011 - 09:14 Cupang Hias , Betta ... KIND OF BETTA FISH DISEASE AND TREATMENT - on older post we have share some usefull information about same topic "Betta Fish ... BETTA FISH DISEASE AND TREATMENT. 7 October 2011 - 08:34 Cupang Hias , Betta Splendens Bettaplus.com ahlinya cupang hias juara ... BETTA FISH DISEASE AND TREATMET - Sorry for the repeat posts with the same topic, because we think that this is very important ...
*  Common aquarium fish diseases
Determine if your fish are sick , diagnose the symptoms, and properly treat the illness. ... This entry was posted in Fish Health and tagged disease. How to catch a fish in an aquarium ... Parasites or disease causing bacteria can either be dormant, or imported into the aquarium by "hitchhiking" on fish, plants, ... Also see our post about the symptoms of aquarium fish diseases here! Bacteria and viruses are usually always present in the ...
*  Pond Fish Diseases: Bacterial Infections | That Fish Blog
Bacterial Infections from the marine biologists and aquatics experts at That Fish Place - That Pet Place and ThatPetPlace.com. ... Home , Ponds and Water Gardens , Livestock , Pond Fish Diseases: Bacterial Infections. Pond Fish Diseases: Bacterial Infections ... bacterial infections in koi pond fish bacterial infections pond fish disease pond livestock 2008-09-22 marinebioblog ... Tagged with: bacterial infections in koi pond fish bacterial infections pond fish disease pond livestock ...
*  Fish Disease
Velvet or Rust Fish Disease. Dave February 24, 2016 Velvet or Rust Fish Disease2016-04-07T17:53:13+00:00 Fish Disease No ... Ich Fish Disease. Dave February 24, 2016 Ich Fish Disease2016-04-07T17:51:58+00:00 Fish Disease No Comment ... Constipation Fish Disease. Dave March 3, 2015 Constipation Fish Disease2015-03-03T15:55:42+00:00 Fish Disease No Comment ... Dropsy Fish Disease. Dave March 3, 2015 Dropsy Fish Disease2015-03-03T14:57:50+00:00 Fish Disease No Comment ...
*  What are some fish diseases and their treatments? | Reference.com
Common aquarium fish diseases are flukes, mites, lice, bacterial infections and fungal infections, according to Tetra. ... A very common health problem in aquariums, especially for stressed fish, is fish ick. Fish owners can combat this condition ... Common aquarium fish diseases are flukes, mites, lice, bacterial infections and fungal infections, according to Tetra. ... Fish owners can manually pluck them off and clean wounds with iodine afterward. Bathing freshwater fish in mild saltwater for ...
*  Marine Fish Health and Disease | Saltwater Aquarium Advice
"Marine Fish Health And Disease" is written to give you all the tools you need to avoid marine fish disease altogether. ... Eliminate Disease With Scientist's Secrets to Healthy, Thriving Marine Life. .. Avoid The Fatal Marine Fish Diseases And ... Marine Fish Health and Disease is designed to be the definitive saltwater aquarium resource for easily eliminating marine fish ... The first one is preventing marine fish diseases. How to identify the disease, how to quarantine, acclimate; how to take care ...
*  Fish Diseases - 1st Edition
Purchase Fish Diseases - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780128045640, 9780128045855 ... Presents best practices in fish farming to prevent disease and promote good health status and fish disease management ... Fish Diseases: Prevention and Control Strategies provides essential information on disease prevention and treatment by the most ... Her research expertise is in the area of immunostimulants and immunology of fish and fish disease resistance challenges. She ...
*  Fish diseases - OASE
For fish lice and anchor worms. Parasitic infection is a disease that often affects fish. As a remedy in this case OASE ... Diseases and product recommendations. The overview below shows the most frequent fish diseases as well as the right medication ... The classic fish medication »Universal« is an effective treatment for many fish diseases. The application areas include unclear ... Fungal infestation is a frequent fish disease. OASE offers the fish medication »AntiFungus« as a remedy for fungal infection. ...
*  Betta Addiction - Betta Fish Diseases | HubPages
In fact, I never imagined I'm going to write something about betta diseases since there are tons of information out there on ... Inever took this subject seriously until two of my beloved bettas acquired some of the diseases themselves. ... Ick is a very common disease among freshwater fish. It is characterized by white dots all over the body of your betta. If your ... This is a very ugly disease because bacteria can eat either the skin of the fish or its internal organs. This is caused by ...
*  Fish Disease Links
... www.fishdoc.co.uk/disease/diseasehome.htm http://www.fishdeals.com/fish_diseas...sdisease.shtml ... badmanstropicalfish.com/disease.html http://www.peteducation.com/category...ls=16&cat=1791 http://www.tropicalfishcentre.co.uk/ ... Other Fish. · Pleco. · Predatory Fish. · Photography. · Pond Fish. · Responsible Fish Keeping. · Rainbow Fish. · Shark Fish · ... Discus Fish · Dwarf Cichlids · Fish Diseases. · Frogs and Turtles · Goby Fish. · Goldfish. · Gourami. · Invertebrates. · ...
*  Fish disease models and uses thereof - Goldsmith, Paul
... for instance in assays to identify and investigate genes and substances involved in disease and disease treatment, ... mutating said model-fish to provide mutated fish or treating said model fish with a test substance to provide treated fish; ... mutating said model fish to provide mutated fish or treating said model fish with a test substance to provide treated fish; ... comparing behaviour or physiology of mutated fish or treated fish with model fish in order to identify any mutated fish or ...
*  Spring eczema in calves - eczema shield review 40
Fish oil side effects can include belching, bad breath, heartburn, nausea, loose stools, rash and nosebleeds, but in my ... Psoriasis is a relatively common skin disease, affecting 1% to 2% of the population. Unlike harsh chemical treatments such as ... experience, taking a high-quality fish oil supplement can reduce the likelihood of any unwanted side effects. Plus, the value ...
*  Lafayette College biomechanics
Modern biotech methods are used to manufacture existing medicines more easily, in order to treat human diseases. Further, ... including commercial food crops and fish. ...

(1/2034) The epizootiology and pathogenesis of thyroid hyperplasia in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in Lake Ontario.

The thyroid glands of coho salmon collected at different stages of their anadromous migration exhibited progressive and extensive hyperplasia and hypertrophy. The incidence of overt nodule formation rose from 5% in fish collected in August to 24% in fish collected in October. The histological picture of the goiters was similar to that found in thiourea-treated teleosts and thiouracil-treated mammals. There was a concomitant, significant decrease in serum thyroxine and triiodothyronine values between September and October (thyroxine, 1.0+/-0.3 mug/100 ml and 0.4 mug/100 ml in September and October, respectively; triiodothyronine, 400.3+/-51.6 ng/100 ml and 80.2 ng/100 ml in September and October, respectively) and marked hypertrophy and hyperplasia of thyrotrophs. These data indicate a progressive hypothyroid condition which, although it may be linked to iodide deficiency, may well be enhanced by other environmental factors. The evidence for involvement of other factors is discussed.  (+info)

(2/2034) Molecular differentiation of Renibacterium salmoninarum isolates from worldwide locations.

Renibacterium salmoninarum is a genospecies that is an obligate pathogen of salmonid fish and is capable of intracellular survival. Conventional typing systems have failed to differentiate isolates of R. salmoninarum. We used two methods to assess the extent of molecular variation which was present in isolates from different geographic locations. In one analysis we investigated possible polymorphisms in a specific region of the genome, the intergenic spacer (ITS) region between the 16S and 23S rRNA genes. In the other analysis we analyzed differences throughout the genome by using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). We amplified the spacer region of 74 isolates by using PCR and performed a DNA sequence analysis with 14 geographically distinct samples. The results showed that the 16S-23S ribosomal DNA spacer region of R. salmoninarum is highly conserved and suggested that only a single copy of the rRNA operon is present in this slowly growing pathogen. DNA sequencing of the spacer region showed that it was the same length in all 14 isolates examined, and the same nucleotide sequence, sequevar 1, was obtained for 11 of these isolates. Two other sequevars were found. No tRNA genes were found. We found that RAPD analysis allows reproducible differentiation between isolates of R. salmoninarum obtained from different hosts and different geographic regions. By using RAPD analysis it was possible to differentiate between isolates with identical ITS sequences.  (+info)

(3/2034) Inhibition of vibrio anguillarum by Pseudomonas fluorescens AH2, a possible probiotic treatment of fish.

To study the possible use of probiotics in fish farming, we evaluated the in vitro and in vivo antagonism of antibacterial strain Pseudomonas fluorescens strain AH2 against the fish-pathogenic bacterium Vibrio anguillarum. As iron is important in virulence and bacterial interactions, the effect of P. fluorescens AH2 was studied under iron-rich and iron-limited conditions. Sterile-filtered culture supernatants from iron-limited P. fluorescens AH2 inhibited the growth of V. anguillarum, whereas sterile-filtered supernatants from iron-replete cultures of P. fluorescens AH2 did not. P. fluorescens AH2 inhibited the growth of V. anguillarum during coculture, independently of the iron concentration, when the initial count of the antagonist was 100 to 1, 000 times greater that of the fish pathogen. These in vitro results were successfully repeated in vivo. A probiotic effect in vivo was tested by exposing rainbow trout (Oncorynchus mykiss Walbaum) to P. fluorescens AH2 at a density of 10(5) CFU/ml for 5 days before a challenge with V. anguillarum at 10(4) to 10(5) CFU/ml for 1 h. Some fish were also exposed to P. fluorescens AH2 at 10(7) CFU/ml during the 1-h infection. The combined probiotic treatment resulted in a 46% reduction of calculated accumulated mortality; accumulated mortality was 25% after 7 days at 12 degrees C in the probiotic-treated fish, whereas mortality was 47% in fish not treated with the probiont.  (+info)

(4/2034) Biodiversity of Lactococcus garvieae strains isolated from fish in Europe, Asia, and Australia.

Lactococcus garvieae (junior synonym, Enterococcus seriolicida) is a major pathogen of fish, producing fatal septicemia among fish species living in very diverse environments. The phenotypic traits of L. garvieae strains collected from three different continents (Asia, Europe, and Australia) indicated phenotypic heterogeneity. On the basis of the acidification of D-tagatose and sucrose, three biotypes were defined. DNA relatedness values and a specific PCR assay showed that all the biotypes belonged to the same genospecies, L. garvieae. All of the L. garvieae strains were serotyped as Lancefield group N. Ribotyping proved that one clone was found both in Japan, where it probably originated, and in Italy, where it was probably imported. PCR of environmental samples did not reveal the source of the contamination of the fish in Italy. Specific clones (ribotypes) were found in outbreaks in Spain and in Italy. The L. garvieae reference strain, isolated in the United Kingdom from a cow, belonged to a unique ribotype. L. garvieae is a rising zoonotic agent. The biotyping scheme, the ribotyping analysis, and the PCR assay described in this work allowed the proper identification of L. garvieae and the description of the origin and of the source of contamination of strains involved in outbreaks or in sporadic cases.  (+info)

(5/2034) Whirling disease: host specificity and interaction between the actinosporean stage of Myxobolus cerebralis and rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss.

Scanning electron microscopic studies were conducted on rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss in the first 60 min after their exposure to the triactinomyxon spores of Myxobolus cerebralis. The results demonstrated that as early as 1 min post exposure the whole process, from the attachment of the triactinomyxon spores to the complete penetration of their sporoplasm germs, had occurred. The triactinomyxon spores sought out the secretory openings of mucous cells of the epidermis, the respiratory epithelium and the buccal cavity of trout and used them as portals of entry. Exposure experiments of the triactinomyxon spores of M. cerebralis to non-salmonid fish, such as goldfish Carassius auratus, carp Cyprinus carpio, nose Chondrostoma nasus, medaka Oryzias latipes, guppy Poecilia reticulata and also the amphibian tadpole Rana pipiens as well as to rainbow trout fry indicated a specificity for salmonids. Attempts to activate the triactinomyxon spores by exposure to mucus prepared from cyprinid and salmonid fish showed no significant differences from those conducted in tap water. The results suggest that the simultaneous presence of both mechano- and chemotactic stimuli was required for finding the salmonid fish host.  (+info)

(6/2034) Rainbow trout leucocyte activity: influence on the ectoparasitic monogenean Gyrodactylus derjavini.

The ectoparasitic monogenean Gyrodactylus derjavini from rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss was exposed in vitro to macrophages isolated as peritoneal exudate cells or as pronephros cells from the host. Cells colonized the parasite especially in the mannose-rich regions in the cephalic ducts where ciliated structures were abundant. Opsonization with fresh serum, in contrast to heat-inactivated serum, enhanced colonization also on other body parts. The adverse effect of the activated macrophages towards G. derjavini was associated with a heat-labile component released from these cells to the culture medium. Analysis of substances released from the cells showed reactivity for a number of enzymes, complement factor C3, interleukin (Il-1) and reactive oxygen metabolites. Chemotaxis assays with pronephric leucocytes showed chemoattractants in G. derjavini, and the respiratory burst level of macrophages was slightly elevated due to parasite exposure. It is suggested that skin leucocytes contribute to an increased level of complement factors in the trout skin during the host response, whereby a hostile microenvironment for the parasites is created. In addition, the IL-1 production could affect mucous cell secretion and hyperplasia and add to the antiparasitic action of the epithelium. Likewise, reactive oxygen metabolites and various enzymes are likely to be involved in the skin response.  (+info)

(7/2034) Pathogenicity of Ichthyophonus hoferi for laboratory-reared Pacific herring Clupea pallasi and its early appearance in wild Puget Sound herring.

Laboratory-reared pathogen-free Pacific herring were exposed to pure cultures of Ichthyophonus hoferi, and reproduced the disease seen in naturally infected fish--thus fulfilling Koch's Postulates. Pathogen-free herring used in this study were reared from artificially spawned eggs incubated in filtered, UV-sterilized seawater, eliminating the variables associated with multiple infections, which are common in wild herring. Wild free-ranging herring were captured monthly from June through October by dip net from 'herring balls' located in the northern Puget Sound. I. hoferi infections were identified in these fish soon after metamorphoses, about 4 mo post-hatch. The prevalence increased from 5 to 6% in 0-yr fish to 24% in 1-yr-old fish to 50 to 70% in fish over 2 yr old, with no associated increase in mortality. The route of natural transmission to wild herring was not determined, but carnivorous fish became infected and died when they were experimentally fed tissues infected with the organism. In vitro culture of tissues was the most sensitive method for identifying both clinical and subclinical infections.  (+info)

(8/2034) Natural mass infection by heterophyid metacercariae in aquacultured Japanese eel in Taiwan.

A natural mass infection of heterophyid metacercariae in aquacultured Japanese eel Anguilla japonica in Taiwan was observed. Of the 28,000 adult eels in 2 ponds, about 25,000 (90%) showed swollen, cloudy and white eyes. Although morbidity was about 90%, there was no mortality among the affected eels. Histopathological sections showed edema and hemorrhage of the eye. Numerous metacercariae were observed in the muscle tissues around the eyeball, the subcutaneous tissue and even in the cartilage. Of the 6 eels digested with artificial gastric juice, all were found to contain metacercariae in their muscle tissues. The average number of metacercariae recovered from the 6 eels was 1219, with a range of 50 to 3762. These metacercariae, when fed orally to immunodeficient (scid) mice, developed into adult worms which were identified as Procerovum cheni Hsu 1950. The naturally infected eels were transferred to a new pond without snails and their eye lesions were not apparent anymore after 2 wk. In a follow-up investigation, 19 of 20 apparently healthy eels in a nearby aquaculture farm were found to harbour metacercariae in their muscles. However, the number of the metacercariae ranged from 1 to 14, with an average of 4.21. This is the first report of heterophyid metacercariae causing mass morbidity in aquacultured eels.  (+info)

  • In general, you should always attempt conservative treatment methods before using medicines as medicines can be hard on your betta fish internal organs and over using medicine or not completing the treatment cycle can result in the creation of medicine-resistance bugs. (bettaplus.com)
  • Conclusions- In randomized controlled trials in humans, fish oil reduces HR, particularly in those with higher baseline HR or longer treatment duration. (ahajournals.org)
  • Discussion in ' Fish Disease Treatment and Diagnosis ' started by Humblefish , May 5, 2016 . (reef2reef.com)