Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.United States

*  The impact of family structure and family process on adolescent sexual behavior: race and gender variations :: University of...

Using the 1994-1995 National Study of Adolescent Health dataset, I conducted two investigations on the impact of family structure and family influences on sexual activity for white, black, Hispanic, and Asian adolescents. The first investigation determined the best explanation (family transitions, parental supervision, parental attitudes, family support, and peer influence) for the relationships between non-traditional households (unwedded mother, divorced/separated mother, and stepparent households) and sexual activity. The second investigation determined which of these explanations are either directly or indirectly associated with sexual activity. These analyses were conducted on the total sample and within gender, race, and race-gender subgroups.; Initially, parental attitudes, parental supervision, and family transition explanations best mediated the unwedded, divorced/separated, and stepparent household effects ...
digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p15799coll127/id/587501/rec/5

*  Impact on Family

While every family reacts in their own way to a brain tumor diagnosis, it can be reassuring to know that many families experience similar issues and emotions, and that help is available.
abta.org/brain-tumor-treatment/caregivers/pediatric/child-brain-tumor-care-family-siblings.html

*  Parent and Family Relations : Texas State University

We are so excited you and your student have decided to make Texas State and Bobcat Country your new home! We know that parents and families are invested in their student's education and success in more ways than tuition payments and home-cooked meals during breaks. Parents and families provide support for their students to flourish academically, socially, emotionally, and mentally. Texas State offers a variety of programs, activities, and resources for your students to be successful and also for YOU, the parents and families! ...
parentandfamily.txstate.edu

*  PSYC640 Marriage and Family Relations

3 Credits). The course is a study of contemporary structural variations of the family, statistics, life-cycle stages, and cultural and socioeconomic influences. This course examines the principles for healthy martial and family functioning, factors producing dysfunctional relationships such as dependency and codependency, and the causes and amelioration of conflict and abuses. ...
hkicc.edu.hk/zh/碩士科目/21.html

*  Family Relations | The Discovery Blog

Family law with in the UK is divided into three separate categories, those that cover family and relationship issues, property issues and the rights and wellbeing of children. Therefore, family law is incredibly varied and is aimed at supporting and helping the entire family in times of crisis. Most individuals […]. ...
thediscoveryblog.com/tag/family-relations/

*  Examination of the Relationship Between Parental Satisfaction and Child Maltreatment Potential While Considering Social...

Parental dissatisfaction with children appears to be associated with child maltreatment. However, little is known regarding the specific domains of parental dissatisfaction that may increase child maltreatment potential, particularly in perpetrators of child maltreatment where substance abuse is present. In this study, responses to the Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) and a scale measuring parental satisfaction in 11 domains were examined in a sample of 82 mothers who were referred for treatment of substance abuse and child neglect by the local child protective service agency. Results indicated that mothers were relatively most satisfied with their children overall, and least satisfied in domains that were relevant to discipline (i.e., following house rules, compliance, reaction to redirection and punishment, completion of chores). Five of the 11 areas of parental satisfaction that were assessed evidenced negative correlations with child abuse potential, indicating that as satisfaction ...
https://calio.dspacedirect.org/handle/11212/1496

*  Myths and facts about child abuse and neglect | H.A.L.T.

Myths and facts about child abuse and neglect. (Source: http://helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm). 1. Myth - It's only abuse if it's violent. Fact - Physical abuse is just one type of child abuse. Neglect and emotional abuse can be just as damaging, and since they are more subtle, others are less likely to intervene.. 2. Myth - Only bad people abuse their children. Fact - While it's easy to say that only "bad people" abuse their children, it's not always so black and white. Not all abusers are intentionally harming their children. Many have been victims of abuse themselves, and don't know any other way to parent. Others may be struggling with mental health issues or a substance abuse problem.. 3. Myth - Child abuse doesn't happen in "good" families. Fact - Child abuse doesn't only happen in poor families or bad neighbourhoods. It crosses all racial, economic, and cultural lines. Sometimes, families who seem to have it all from the outside are hiding a ...
haltnow.ca/what-is-abuse/child-abuse/myths-and-facts-about-child-abuse-and-neglect-2

*  Follow-up study of the Auditor General's 1991 workload study of Child Protective Services :: Arizona State Government...

AUDITOR GENERAL LElTER REPORT DOUGLAS R. NORTON, CPA AUDITOR GENERAL November 1994 Letter Report No. 94- L9 Members of the Arizona Legislature The Honorable Fife Symington, Governor Dr. Linda J. Blessing, Director Department of Economic Security SUBJECT: Follow- up Study of the Auditor General's 1991 Workload Study of Child Protective Services Pursuant to a May 5, 1993, resolution of the Joint Legislative Audit Committee ( JLAC), our Office was directed to conduct a review of the Department of Economic Security, Division of Children and Family Services. However, since the date of the JLAC resolution, DES has initiated several extensive reviews withn the Division. In addition, the Joint Legislative Committee on Children and Family Services has been studying issues in the area. To avoid duplicating this work, we reviewed the DES initiatives and met with the members of the Joint Legislative Committee on Children and Family Services. We then met with the ...
azmemory.azlibrary.gov/cdm/singleitem/collection/statepubs/id/7252/rec/5638

*  Child abuse & neglect statistics :: Documents.OK.Gov

CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECTSTATISTICS State Fiscal Year 2010July 2009 - June 2010TABLE OF CONTENTS Statistics-Introduction 3 Abuse & Neglect 2001-2010 5 Reports 6 Map of Assessments 8 Map of Investigations 9 Map of Substantiations 10 SubstantiationsSubstantiated Child Abuse and Neglect By Reporting Source 11 By Category 12 Neglect by Type 13 Physical Abuse By Type 14 Physical Abuse By Type of Injury 15 Sexual Abuse by Type 16 Child Categories Substantiated Child Abuse and Neglect By Age of Child 17 By Gender of Child 18 By Race of Child 19 PerpetratorsSubstantiated Child Abuse and Neglect, Alleged Perpetrator By Relationship to Child 20 By Race of Perpetrator 21 By Gender of Perpetrator 22 By Age of Perpetrator 23 Summaries by County Assessment Conclusions and Findings of Investigations 24 Conclusions of Assessments 26 Findings of Investigations 28 TABLE OF CONTENTS 2STATISTICS - INTRODUCTION The Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS) is charged with the responsibility of promptly ...
digitalprairie.ok.gov/cdm/compoundobject/collection/stgovpub/id/6705/rec/9

*  Rocketing number of child neglect allegations are referred to North-East police and social services - Hartlepool Mail

The number of child neglect allegations referred to authorities by helpline bosses has rocketed regionally in the last five years.
hartlepoolmail.co.uk/news/rocketing-number-of-child-neglect-allegations-are-referred-to-north-east-police-and-social-services-1-8716092

*  Weeki Wachee man arrested on child neglect, drug charges | Tampa Bay Times

WEEKI WACHEE - A 34-year-old Weeki Wachee man faces child neglect and drug charges after detectives found about 6 pounds of marijuana in his apartment, the Hernando County Sheriff's Office said.
tampabay.com/news/publicsafety/crime/weeki-wachee-man-arrested-on-child-neglect-drug-charges/2111624

*  Child Abuse Prevention Network

The child abuse prevention network provides resources for professionals, in child abuse, neglect, maltreatment, sex abuse, child sexual abuse, and family and community violence. The Nerve Center for Child Abuse Prevention.
child-abuse.com

*  Child Abuse - The Hidden Bruises

The statistics on physical child abuse are alarming. It is estimated hundreds of thousands of children are physically abused each year by a parent or close relative.
aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/Child-Abuse-The-Hidden-Bruises-005.aspx

*  Marie: Remembering Child Abuse

Carl asked me, 'Did you know this was child abuse?' I did. But I never thought it was that big a deal. Child abuse is pretty common, isn't it?
carlscounseling.com/marie-remembering-child-abuse/

*  Substance Abuse and Child Maltreatment - PDF

Substance Abuse and Child Maltreatment Kathryn Wells, MD, FAAP a,b,c, * KEYWORDS Substance abuse Child maltreatment Pediatricians and other medical providers caring for children need to be aware of the
docplayer.net/1556316-Substance-abuse-and-child-maltreatment.html

*  Make child advocates report abuse | MLive.com

GRASS LAKE - Currently, in the state of Michigan, those that are mandated reporters of child abuse are doctors, social workers, teachers and emergency room personal. There is a movement that has reached Lansing that would add court-appointed special advocates to this list. An advocate's job is to keep a watchful eye over children in foster care who run a risk of being in an abusive situation. As of now, if they do uncover that a child is being abused, they do not have to report the situation. I think the fact that the proposal to mandate them is just now coming through is outrageous. These people's job is to protect the children and to be looking for signs of abuse. If they are not mandated to report their findings if abuse is suspected, then why are they even needed? Their job is highly important to our communities. As a student studying to become a social worker, I am aware of the heavy case loads that caseworkers working with Child Protective Services have. To have these extra pairs of eyes is a
mlive.com/opinion/jackson/index.ssf/2011/11/make_child_advocates_report_ab.html

*  Stop Child Abuse Now - A web ring for abuse survivors of all kind. A place to explore other peoples stories and exchange...

Stop Child Abuse Now,A web ring for abuse survivors of all kind. A place to explore other peoples stories and exchange information. Can have anything associated with abuse.
webring.org/hub/auroraj

*  Child abuse prevention: what works? The effectiveness of parent education programs for preventing child maltreatment | Child...

|div class='field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden'||div class='field-items'||div class='field-item even' property='content:encoded'||p|Produced by the former National Child Protection Clearinghouse.|/p| |/div||/div||/div|
https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/publications/child-abuse-prevention-what-works-effectiveness-par

*  Too many child deaths, too little progress

Two years ago, Omaree Varela died after his mother kicked him in the stomach. His stepfather, Stephen Casaus, was recently sentenced to 30 years behind bars for his part in Omaree's death. His mother, Synthia Varela-Causus, is pleading guilty to six charges: second-degree murder; child abuse resulting in great bodily harm or death, recklessly caused; child abuse with no great bodily harm or death, recklessly caused; child abuse recklessly permitted; and child abuse recklessly caused. In addition, she faces an evidence-tampering charge.. Varela-Casaus faces up to 40 years behind bars based on the plea agreement. Once she completes her sentence, she will face five years on probation.. Current law in New Mexico allows someone convicted of intentional abuse resulting in death of a child ages birth-11 to be sentenced to up to 30 years in prison. We toughened the law after Baby Brianna died. Today, the maximum penalty for intentional abuse resulting in the death of a child ages 12-17 is 18 years. ...
bbsnews.net/2016-09-01/too-many-child-deaths-too-little-progress/45809

*  Child Abuse Imaging

Program Brochure. Were you unable to attend the 2016 Imaging of Child Abuse Course? Electronic copies of the course syllabus are available for the discounted price of $150. If interested in purchasing a copy of the course syllabus, please contact the American Academy of Pediatrics at 847-434-4000, option 3 ...
pedrad.org/Specialties/Child-Abuse-Imaging

*  Teacher Tells of Child Abuse in Harrowing Book

LONDON (PRWEB) September 09, 2015 -- Every time you watch an hour of television, 360 child abuse reports are accounted for. According to www.childhelp.com, a
prweb.com/releases/2015/09/prweb12948503.htm

*  Resources - Child Abuse

Resources at Child Abuse : There is help available, whether you are abused or know someone who is being abused. Learn what your community can do to help.
bellaonline.com/subjects/4933.asp

*  Suicide among emergency and protective service workers: a retrospective mortality study in Australia, 2001 to 2012 - DRO

Milner, Allison, Witt, K, Maheen, Humaira and LaMontagne, Anthony D 2017, Suicide among emergency and protective service workers: a retrospective mortality study in Australia, 2001 to 2012, Work, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 281-287, doi: 10.3233/WOR-172554. ...
dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30097247

*  PPT - CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 1e3b7-ZjA0N

... Physical Abuse. Non-accidental physical injury to a child under ... abuse when the child exhibits: unexplained bruises, especially in various stages of healing ... - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 1e3b7-ZjA0N
powershow.com/view/1e3b7-ZjA0N/CHILD_ABUSE_AND_NEGLECT_powerpoint_ppt_presentation

*  A Case for Specialized and Specific Intervention and Treatment Strategies With Abused Young Children Diagnosed With PTSD |...

Current knowledge and research concerning PTSD, especially in young abused children, suggests that some forensic methods historically used by child protective services, police, and treating therapists are largely inadequate.
https://hubpages.com/family/A-Case-for-Specialized-and-Specific-Intervention-and-Treatment-Strategies-With-Abused-Young-Children-Diagnosed-With-PTSD

*  Federal judge dismisses lawsuit against agencies in girl's starvation death | Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

A federal judge has dismissed a lawsuit filed against child protective service agencies in Westmoreland and Armstrong counties, finding
post-gazette.com/local/neighborhoods/2007/12/18/Federal-judge-dismisses-lawsuit-against-agencies-in-girl-s-starvation-death/stories/200712180229

*  Dlisted | Botox Mom Is A Hoax

Cut to White Oprah and Pimp Mama Kris Kardashian sending a cold shiver up Child Protective Services' spine by simultaneously saying: 'Damn, why didn't...
dlisted.com/2011/05/19/botox-mom-hoax/

*  Integral Options Cafe: Childhood Abuse and Neglect - The Objective Effects and the Subjective Experience

High-resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging scans were obtained from 265 unmedicated, right-handed 18- to 25-year-olds who were classified as maltreated (n = 142, 55 men/87 women) or nonmaltreated (n = 123, 46 men/77 women) based on extensive interviews. Cortical thickness was assessed in 112 cortical regions (nodes) and interregional partial correlations across subjects were calculated to derive the lowest equivalent cost single-cluster group networks. Permutation tests were used to ascertain whether maltreatment was associated with significant alterations in key centrality measures of these regions and membership in the highly interconnected "rich club." ...
integral-options.blogspot.com/2014/08/childhood-abuse-and-neglect-objective.html

*  Look For Clues To Child Abuse - tribunedigital-chicagotribune

Q-How is it possible to tell if burns on a child`s skin are the result of abuse?A-Child abuse is a sad fact of life and we all must be aware of this possibility when a child has been injured. Any
articles.chicagotribune.com/1991-03-25/features/9101270099_1_child-abuse-burns-scalding

*  Irish Bishops resign amid child abuse probe - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)

Two more Roman Catholic bishops in Ireland have submitted their resignations following an investigation into widespread child sex abuse by priests.
abc.net.au/news/2009-12-26/irish-bishops-resign-amid-child-abuse-probe/1190442

*  City Hall

Since 2009 the City has continued its progress with investments such as the new Black Box Studio at Centrepointe Theatre ($4M ... Here's an update from Bay Ward councillor Mark Taylor, who chairs the city's Community and Protective Services Committee. He ...
cbc.ca/ottawa/blogs/cityhall/2012/01/a-councillors-two-cents-on-arts-funding.html

*  Controlling Behaviors | Stopping Abuse | Finding Safety in Abuse

Find tips and solutions for stopping controlling behaviors and stopping abuse before it happens. If you are living with an abuser, please see: finding safety, how to leave an abuser
domestic-violence-help.org/controlling-behaviors.html

*  Verbal Tics- Use and Abuse - Vivian Lawry

Trump's use of 'beautiful' is abuse in two ways. First, any word or phrase used frequently and indiscriminately becomes meaningless.
vivianlawry.com/verbal-tics-use-abuse/

*  Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)

From PCIT International and the National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices at SAMHSA.. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an empirically-supported treatment for children ages 2 to 7 that places emphasis on improving the quality of the parent-child relationship and changing parent-child interaction patterns. One primary use is to treat clinically significant disruptive behaviors. In PCIT, parents are taught specific skills to establish a nurturing and secure relationship with their child while increasing their child's prosocial behavior and decreasing negative behavior. This treatment focuses on two basic interactions: Child Directed Interaction (CDI) is similar to intentional play in that parents engage their child in a play situation with the goal of strengthening the parent-child relationship; Parent Directed Interaction (PDI) resembles clinical behavior therapy in that parents learn to use specific behavior management techniques as they play with their child. PCIT has ...
nebraskachildren.org/our-approach/evidence-based-strategies/pcit.html

*  ADHD- and medication-related brain activation effects in concordantly affected parent-child dyads with ADHD - Epstein - 2007 -...

Background: Several studies have documented fronto-striatal dysfunction in children and adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using response inhibition tasks. Our objective was to examine functional brain abnormalities among youths and adults with ADHD and to examine the relations between these neurobiological abnormalities and response to stimulant medication.. Method: A group of concordantly diagnosed ADHD parent-child dyads was compared to a matched sample of normal parent-child dyads. In addition, ADHD dyads were administered double-blind methylphenidate and placebo in a counterbalanced fashion over two consecutive days of testing. Frontostriatal function was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during performance of a go/no-go task.. Results: Youths and adults with ADHD showed attenuated activity in fronto-striatal regions. In addition, adults with ADHD appeared to activate non-fronto-striatal regions more than normals. A stimulant ...
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01761.x/full

*  Trouble Tickets Parent-Child Relation - Toolbox for IT Groups

I have a Trouble Ticket in Siebel with parent-child relation. I need to close the child ticket once the parent ticket is closed.
siebel.ittoolbox.com/groups/technical-functional/siebel-admin-l/trouble-tickets-parentchild-relation-4989701

*  The Parent-Teen Gap in Attitudes Over Sex - latimes

It is widely believed, among counseling and medical professionals as well as the public, that it is desirable for parents to talk with their children about sex, and that openness in the family and a
articles.latimes.com/1985-09-22/news/vw-18369_1_parental-attitudes

*  Adult Child-Parent Relations | USF Test and Measures Collection

The RMFS is a 22-item Likert-type scale that measures perspectives of key individuals regarding the relationship between an adolescent or adult and each of his or her parents.. ...
tam.rc.usf.edu/taxonomy/term/431

*  child illnesses - Symptoms, Treatments and Resources for child illnesses

child illnesses - MedHelp's child illnesses Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for child illnesses. Find child illnesses information, treatments for child illnesses and child illnesses symptoms.
medhelp.org/tags/show/144341/child-illnesses

*  Parental Knowledge On Nutrition And Its Effect by zareen a.abedin - issuu

Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu's millions of monthly readers. Title: Parental Knowledge On Nutrition And Its Effect, Author: zareen a.abedin , Name: Parental Knowledge On Nutrition And Its Effect, Length: 36 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2013-01-30
https://issuu.com/aurathenewera2007/docs/parental_knowledge_on_nutrition

*  Study: Resilience in parents of children undergoing stem cell ... ( A child's illness can challenge a pa...)

Health, ...A child's illness can challenge a parent's wellbeing. However a study... Across all study groups what we basically showed is that parents are...The study measured psychological distress and positive affect in 171 p... The aim of the study was to examine an intervention to promote positi...,Study:,Resilience,in,parents,of,children,undergoing,stem,cell,transplant,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
bio-medicine.org/medicine-news-1/Study-3A-Resilience-in-parents-of-children-undergoing-stem-cell-transplant-125165-1/

*  Understanding the NDIS: will parents of newly diagnosed children with disability be left in the dark? | Autism Aspergers...

Parents will need to establish their eligibility for the NDIS before they can receive professional support from any early intervention services.. In referring to the NDIS literature and websites to establish the terms of their accessibility, parents will discover little of the fine-grained information about what it might mean to be a new parent of a child diagnosed with a disability.. For instance, there are few images on the early years documentation showing babies or young children which might assist parents to relate to their situation.. As much as early information is available to families from clinical sources, the language is medical and reflects risk and delay, rather than the practicalities of parenting a child with particular needs.. Yet, in the new scheme, only when parents draw on this type of information to establish eligibility for the NDIS will they be entitled to make a claim on behalf of their child and identify a service or program.. Accordingly, units of service, such as home ...
a4.org.au/node/1257

*  Educated parents, educated children? | CRRC Georgia

Numerous scholars stress that parents' level of education has a tremendous impact on their children's educational attainment, as the parents are the first role models and teachers. According to Gratz, children of parents with higher levels of education are more likely to receive tertiary education than people whose parents have lower levels of education. There are a variety of opinions about whether a person's educational attainment is more closely related to that of his/h
crrc.ge/en/blog/ganatlebuli-mshoblebi-ganatlebuli-shvilebi/689/

*  Sexting: Parents need to understand social pressures and behavior - CSMonitor.com

Sexting - often thought of only in a legal context - needs to be considered from a youth perspective in order for parents to more fully protect them from its consequences.
https://csmonitor.com/The-Culture/Family/Modern-Parenthood/2012/0711/Sexting-Parents-need-to-understand-social-pressures-and-behavior

*  Most recent papers with the keyword Parental decision | Read by QxMD

OBJECTIVE: Today, pediatric emergency services receive a rising number of "non-urgent" cases, which are due to parental anxiety or a miscomprehension of medical explanations. The aim of this study was therefore to understand what those families experience and need when they consult in such cases, in order to respond with adapted solutions. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews and questionnaires with parents, after the consultation or in the waiting room. RESULTS: Based on the families' narratives, we present the results in six steps, which correspond to the steps they experience from the decision to go to the hospital to the consultation ...
https://readbyqxmd.com/keyword/110072

*  Parental Perceptions of Weight Terminology That Providers Use With Youth | Articles | Pediatrics

Methods: A national sample of American parents with children aged 2 to 18 years (N = 445) completed an online survey to assess their perceptions of 10 common terms to describe excess body weight in youth (including "extremely obese," "high BMI," "weight problem," "unhealthy weight," "weight," "heavy," "obese," "overweight," "chubby," and "fat"). Parents were asked to use a 5-point rating scale to indicate how much they perceived each term to be desirable, stigmatizing, blaming, or motivating to lose weight. ...
pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/09/21/peds.2010-3841/

*  Tongue Tie - What Do Parents Need To Know? | Santa Barbara Lactation

Sometimes breastfeeding mothers find themselves with breastfeeding problems (including sore or damaged nipples, recurrent plugged ducts, mastitis or thrush, vasospasm, low milk supply or over supply) or a baby who isn't gaining well, has difficulty latching, makes clicking sounds, or chokes frequently, despite their best attempts to correct positioning and breastfeed frequently and effectively.
santabarbaralactation.com/blog/tongue-tie-what-do-parents-need-know

*  What Every Pet Parent Needs To Know [VIDEO]

If you're a dog lover, better grab a box of tissues. In this footage, a man gives CPR to a beautiful boxer named Sugar. It's a harrowing scenario, but the
929nin.com/what-every-pet-parent-needs-to-know-video/

*  Towards Better Health: Occupational Exposure to Chemicals by Parents May Affect Children Even Before They Are Conceived

The opinions expressed by this site are not necessarily those of its creator. While the creator of the site makes every effort to present current and accurate information, the site may contain outdated material. All information provided is for information purposes only and is not intended to replace medical advice offered by a physician or other health professionals. The creator of the site is not liable for any damage or loss related to accuracy or completeness of information ...
mieuxprevenir.blogspot.com/2014/08/occupational-exposure-to-chemicals-by.html

*  Parents helping Parents

Practical Solutions That Strengthen Relationships At Home. A Resource for parents everywhere -learn from other parents in conference call workshops or talk
phponline.org

*  What are parents' rights regarding a child's medical treatment? - CNN.com

Perhaps no one is watching the Daniel Hauser case in Minnesota more closely than Theresa and Greg Maxin in Ohio. Seven years ago, the Maxins found themselves fighting to keep their own son from having chemotherapy. But the two families' stories ended quite differently.
cnn.com/2009/HEALTH/05/28/treatment.parental.rights/index.html

*  Education For Teens - The Challenge for Parents and Teachers

Know how teachers and parents can motivate students with available tools to activate interest and maintain consistent growth and development.
nobelcoaching.com/tag/education/

*  Swimming Pool Safety Guide for Parents - Univision

It's hard to make it through the summer without taking your kids to the pool. But after a few weeks of lounging in the sun parents can get careless and stop paying attention to swimming pool safety. By July 3, 2014, 72 children had already drowned in a pool or spa this summer. Check out …
univision.com/papas-y-mamas-en/advice/swimming-pool-safety-guide-for-parents

*  KinderStart - Child Development : Behavior : Difficult Child

I wish I could tell you that there is a simple formula that guarantees an easy childhood and adolescence leading to successful adulthood. In fact, because no two children are exactly alike, what works best with one child might not work well with another. And since not all parents are alike, an approach that's acceptable to one set of parents may not be acceptable to another. You will have to tailor the discipline of your children to their personalities and yours. With that in mind, I hope to offer you some guidelines and insights to help you along the way ...
kinderstart.com/childdevelopment/behavior/difficultchild.html

*  A Parent's Guide to Dealing With Puberty in Boys | Our Everyday Life

As your son approaches 10 or 11, his body may start to undergo rapid changes. Parents may feel a sense of loss as their child enters puberty, but knowing how to handle this difficult time is important for everyone. Your son will need you for advice and support as he goes through these changes.
oureverydaylife.com/parents-guide-dealing-puberty-boys-5052.html

*  Dunsandel Playcentre - 02/03/2017 | Education Review Office

Children are provided with a wide range of interesting learning activities and learning experiences. Adults support and extend children's learning by the way they present activities and the environment and make use of a range of good quality resources. The outdoor area is spacious and has a range of equipment that extends children's physical skills.. Adults play alongside children, enjoy positive relationships with other parents and encourage children's active exploration.. Adults make good use of the local community. Children have regular contact with the school and visit local businesses and the marae.. Infants and toddlers are valued and well provided for. The adults have set up a suitable play area that has a good range of appropriate resources for babies and young children.. The playcentre is committed to developing aspects of New Zealand's bicultural heritage in the environment, programme and resources. It is visible in the centre with some visual prompts to support parents' use of te reo ...
ero.govt.nz/review-reports/dunsandel-playcentre-02-03-2017/

*  Caring for a Seriously Ill Child

Taking care of a chronically ill child is one of the most draining and difficult tasks a parent can face. But support groups, social workers, and family friends often can help.
kidshealth.org/KHovnanian/en/parents/seriously-ill.html

*  KinderStart - Child Development : Behavior : Family Moving

A family move is a busy, stressful time for everyone. Parents can get so caught up in the details of packing up one household and setting up another that they can fail to notice the extra stress the experience puts on their children ...
kinderstart.com/childdevelopment/behavior/familymoving.html

*  Respect For Public and School Property | Simple Child Rearing Tips

respect for school and public property, teach kids respect, children and respect, how to teach respect for public property, troubled teens, what parents can do
simplechildrearingtips.blogspot.com/2011/02/respect-for-public-and-school-property.html

*  IJERPH | Free Full-Text | A Wicked Problem: Early Childhood Safety in the Dynamic, Interactive Environment of Home

Young children being injured at home is a perennial problem. When parents of young children and family workers discussed what influenced parents' perceptions and responses to child injury risk at home, both
mdpi.com/1660-4601/10/5/1647

*  IJERPH | Free Full-Text | A Wicked Problem: Early Childhood Safety in the Dynamic, Interactive Environment of Home | HTML

Young children being injured at home is a perennial problem. When parents of young children and family workers discussed what influenced parents' perceptions and responses to child injury risk at home, both
mdpi.com/1660-4601/10/5/1647/htm

*  QUIZ: Am I A Bad Parent? - childrenrprecious.com - Advices for wives and husbands, parents-children relations, development of...

This summer The Huffington Post UK is spearheading an initiative helping families thrive, with a focus on parent wellbeing, the challenges facing stay-at-home and working parents, friendships and navigating the landscape of modern parenting beyond the 2.4. ...
childrenrprecious.com/quiz-am-i-a-bad-parent-2/

*  Family Matters: Top 10 tips for raising a terrific teen - News - The Lake News Online - Camdenton, MO

Adolescence may present certain challenges, but with a plan and some determination you can raise a wonderful, thoughtful, respectful young adult through those potentially stressful teenage years.While meeting with a group of parents with young children, one apprehensive mom asked how to prepare for 'tween and teen years.I suggested she speak with other parents who are raising teens to find out what they're up to and how their parents are handling them. Some of my suggestions may
lakenewsonline.com/article/20130919/NEWS/130918508/1004

*  Stories About Our Transition to Crunchiness: September 2009

Here is the difference: we are willing to gently transition her because my #1 priority is that my child is securely attached to her parents. For those of you unfamiliar with psychobabble, attachment has to do with the relationship that a child has with her/his parents. Is there a sense of trust? Does the child know that the parents will protect her/him? Does the child know that the parents will always return, that he/she will not be abandoned? A securely attached child knows this. This, in turn, helps the child develop her/his independence. A securely attached child will be a better partner in her/his relationships as a grownup. That child will grow up to be confident, not clingy. Again, there are plenty of studies that prove this. An insecurely attached child, one whose parents did not respond to her/his needs during the early years, either cries inconsolably when a parent leaves or does not give a damn if mom walks away. These are the people who grow up to be non-trusting people or people who ...
reluctantcrunchymama.blogspot.com/2009/09/

*  When Your Parents Fight

It's normal for parents to disagree and argue sometimes. But when parents fight, it can make kids feel upset. The good news is that usually families can work together to solve problems.
kidshealth.org/NicklausChildrens/en/kids/parents-fight.html

*  Are Our Children being Innocently Poisoned? - The National Health Federation - UK

ARE OUR CHILDREN BEING INNOCENTLY POISONED? by Danielle Bryant BSYA (N.Th) People are generally so trusting of the food chain that they do not eve
thenhf.co.uk/artificial-sweeteners-food-additives-awareness/

*  Children orphaned as parents die suddenly - Independent.ie

FOUR young children were left orphaned yesterday following the tragic deaths of their parents who died within 24 hours of one other.
independent.ie/irish-news/children-orphaned-as-parents-die-suddenly-26656836.html

*  Brown signs bill to allow children more than two legal parents - latimes

SACRAMENTO - Gov. Jerry Brown signed legislation Friday that will allow children in California to have more than two legal parents, a measure opposed by some conservative groups as an attack
articles.latimes.com/2013/oct/04/local/la-me-brown-bills-parents-20131005

*  Telling Parents You're Pregnant

If you just learned you're pregnant, you're not alone. You probably wonder how to tell your parents and how they'll react. Read our article for some tips.
kidshealth.org/RadyChildrens/en/teens/tell-parents.html

*  Parents More Vigilant Over Pools - latimes

The highly publicized drowning two weeks ago of a 7-year-old boy at a Holmby Hills swim party while a group of adults stood poolside has jolted many parents, who are cringing over their sometimes
articles.latimes.com/2002/jun/17/local/me-swim17

*  Information and Support for Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) | HubPages

I am a mom of a boy with central auditory processing disorder. I went through an arduous process getting him diagnosed, and through that ordeal realized there was a need for more organized information on the subject to help parents figure it out. ...
https://hubpages.com/family/capd

*  For Parents

There's no one diet that is right for everyone, so it's important to follow a healthful eating plan that's packed with tasty foods and that keeps your unique lifestyle in mind. ...
eatright.org/resources/for-parents

*  Medications: Using Them Safely

Giving kids medicine safely can be a complicated task. With a little knowledge and a lot of double-checking, you can help treat your child's illness while you prevent dangerous reactions.
kidshealth.org/ChildrensHealthNetwork/en/parents/medication-safety.html

*  Classes Prepare Parents For The Worst - tribunedigital-sunsentinel

During her pregnancy, Phyllis Morese-Urick always intended to take a baby lifesaving class. She was a responsible mother-to-be and along with Lamaze and good eating, taking such a course was one of
articles.sun-sentinel.com/1986-07-03/news/8602090370_1_babysaver-class-cpr-life-threatening-situations

*  How does a preschool implement flexible plans? | Reference.com

A preschool can implement flexible plans with the help of parents and educators. The family must fully cooperate with the child's preschool in order for flexible learning plans to be most effective....
https://reference.com/family/preschool-implement-flexible-plans-d53ca6ea3801326f

*  One Day at a Time: I've been told

BUT, those kids don't need to have the programs changed for them. That's what I should have said, instead of changing the subject. I have 2 children that need their teachers to make significant changes to their lesson plans. Last year, Finleigh didn't even get a real report card because she couldn't do ANYTHING on the report card the other kids got. And most kids don't have to go to counselors or see PT/OT/SLP weekly or have full time aids. Most parents don't have to attend IPP meetings either ...
onedayatatime-am.blogspot.com/2010/08/ive-been-told.html

*  Ready or Not? - latimes

'School readiness' is on the minds of more and more educators and parents these days. But the debate rages over how best to get preschoolers primed for the increasingly rigorous demands of
articles.latimes.com/2000/mar/12/news/ss-7998

*  compound Heterozygous MTHFR - Genetics - MedHelp

I was recently diagnoised with MTHFR I got it from both parents and they say i have the A one. I'm not sure what the compound is and my doctor isn't familiar with it and says she doesn't believe i nee...
medhelp.org/posts/Genetics/compound-Heterozygous-MTHFR/show/1140205

*  Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Education | Synonym

Education provides individual children with the knowledge and skills necessary to advance themselves and their nation economically. Socioeconomic factors, such as family income level, parents' level ...
classroom.synonym.com/socioeconomic-factors-affecting-education-8240412.html

*  Bad neighborhoods may cause earlier cellular aging | Longevity and Stem Cell Centre of Houston

It has long been acknowledged that people who live in 'bad' neighborhoods, where they feel unsafe and don't like to spend time outside, suffer from more health problems than people who feel comfortable where they live. Although one's perception of whether a neighborhood is good or bad is essentially subjective, the effects of this perception are concrete, according to a new study. The study found that people who perceived their own neighborhoods poorly experienced greater degrees of cellular aging.. The study, published in PLOS One, included data from about 2,900 people from the Netherlands between the ages of 18 and 65. Participants were asked to rate their neighborhoods on several qualities, including noise levels, vandalism and how safe they felt walking alone. Their telomeres, the 'caps' that protect the ends of chromosomes as cells divide, were also measured.. The researchers found that the worse the participants' perceptions of their neighborhoods were, the shorter their telomeres tended ...
longevitycentres.com/news/compounded-pellet-hrt/bad-neighborhoods-may-cause-earlier-cellular-aging/

*  ABSTRACT *

OPEN SPACE PLANNING -. TO RID DELHI OF ITS DRAINAGE DILEMMAS What are the opportunities offered by the natural drainage channel network to develop an open space system for the city of Delhi?. Delhi, with a population of over 11 million inhabitants, is plagued by a host of water related problems that are challenging any efforts on the part of planners to alleviate the burdens of urban lifestyles. Also, zealous development efforts are offering high density residential neighbourhoods that are flaunting the basic open space norms. This research is an attempt to optimally utilise the land available along the natural drainage channels and thence ensure that these channels remain unpolluted and maintained.. Drainage System of Delhi- an overview. The Storm Water Network of Delhi comprises of a hierarchy of drains- internal drains that collect the runoff at the residential layout level; these then find their way into peripheral drains and further discharge into main trunk drains. The discharge from ...
isocarp.net/Data/case_studies/cases/cs01_1453/paper2001.html

*  In Full Flower - tribunedigital-chicagotribune

Brilliant spikes of yellow on one side of the street, a cloud of white on the other, a tree dressed heavily in pink up the street. April in Chicago, and neighborhoods are ablaze in color, and not
articles.chicagotribune.com/1988-04-10/features/8803070495_1_full-flower-shrubs-trees

*  Jeb Bush Exploring 2016 Run Thanks To His Presidential Pedigree

It appears the country will have yet another chance to elect a member of the Bush family to the residence on Pennsylvania Avenue.
esquire.com/news-politics/politics/a31568/the-revenge-of-the-jeb/

*  Innovative Strategies For Risk Reduction Following CABG - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Background: Treatment targets for cardiac risk factor reduction are not being met. Therefore, there is a need for new strategies to assist patients in meeting these goals.. Objective: To determine the amount of any additional benefit on risk factor reduction associated with the consumption of the 'dietary portfolio' (a low fat diet with soy, nuts and viscous fibres), above that achieved with medical management in diabetic patients following cardiac surgery.. Description: 35 cardiac surgery patients with diabetes will be instructed on how to incorporate the dietary portfolio foods into their diet for four weeks. Changes in blood cholesterol, markers of inflammation, blood sugar control and modifiable risk factors will be assessed after 2 and 4 weeks of therapy.. Relevance: Maximizing cardiac risk factor reduction through a combined approach (dietary plus medication) should improve outcomes, reduce rates of re-hospitalization and improve quality of life in diabetic patients after heart surgery. ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00462436

*  Hormone Sensitivity of Breast Stem Cells Presents Drug Target | Biotechnology View|biotechnology discovery|biotech articles...

Researchers at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute have discovered that breast stem cells are exquisitely sensitive to the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone, a finding that opens the way for the development of new preventions and treatments for breast cancer.. The discovery, by scientists in the institute's Stem Cells and Cancer and Bioinformatics divisions, also explains decades of evidence linking breast cancer risk to exposure to female hormones.. It has been published online April 11 in the journal Nature.. Dr Jane Visvader, who led the research with Dr Geoff Lindeman, said sustained exposure to oestrogen and progesterone was a well-established risk factor for breast cancer. "There is a clear evidence that the more menstrual cycles a woman has the greater her breast cancer risk," Dr Visvader said. "There is even an increase in breast cancer risk in the short-term following pregnancy. However the cellular basis for these observations has been poorly understood.". In the mid-2000s, ...
biotechview.blogspot.com/2010/04/hormone-sensitivity-of-breast-stem.html

*  Abstract TP109: Multiplicity of Atherosclerotic Risk Factors Predicts a Risk of Large Arterial Atherosclerosis and Long-term...

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate clinical significance of multiplicity of atherosclerotic risk factors to determine the type of stroke and long-term mortality in patients with large artery atherosclerotic (LAA) and small vessel occlusive (SVO) stroke.. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed medical data of the prospectively registered stroke patients who were diagnosed as LAA and SVO type of ischemic stroke based on diffusion weighted MRI and magnetic resonance angiography between January 2005 and December 2013. Multiplicity of risk factors was defined as numbers of hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and smoking. Information on mortality as outcome was obtained and reconfirmed from the National Death Certificate system.. Results: A total of 4099 patients comprising 2530 LAA stroke and 1569 SVO stroke were studied. After adjustment for differences in baseline risk profiles, multiplicity of risk factors (per 1-point increase, odds ratio [OR] = 1.10, 95% confidence interval ...
stroke.ahajournals.org/content/48/Suppl_1/ATP109

*  Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Associated Risk Factors --- United States, 1999--2004

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious condition associated with premature mortality, decreased quality of life, and increased health-care expenditures. Untreated CKD can result in end-stage renal disease and necessitate dialysis or kidney transplantation. Risk factors for CKD include cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity (1--3). To estimate the prevalence of CKD in the United States (overall and by health risk factors and other characteristics), CDC analyzed the most recent data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which determined that 16.8% of the U.S. population aged ,20 years had CKD, according to 1999--2004 NHANES data, compared with 14.5% from the 1988--1994 NHANES (i.e., NHANES III), an increase of 15.9% based on crude estimates of prevalence* (4). Persons with diabetes or cardiovascular disease had a greater prevalence of CKD than persons without those conditions. The results ...
https://cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5608a2.htm

*  Whole Health Source: Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Kitava, Part III: Insulin

I agree that the "carbohydrates drive insulin drives fat storage" is an oversimplification. The details of the process are interesting. LPL activity is considerably delayed from the initial insulin signal. LPL activity in adipose tissue peaks around 4 hours or so from the initial insulin spike. This corresponds nicely with the the peak of plasma chylomicron density from dietary fat; and though I don't know off the top of my head, I'll bet VLDL from the liver carrying triglycerides manufactured from dietary carbohydrate also enter in around the same time window. By this time, blood glucose has returned to nearly baseline. Peter has some excellent speculation on the Hyperlipid blog as to why evolution designed us this way, essentially to separate lipoproteins from elevated blood glucose, since the glucose damages the lipoproteins. It is these damaged lipoproteins which are implicated in the development of CVD due to the inflammatory reaction they cause ...
wholehealthsource.blogspot.com/2008/08/cardiovascular-risk-factors-on-kitava_17.html

*  Abstract 3571: 20-Year Prospective Associations between Selected Lipid Parameters in Young Adulthood and Subsequent Measures of...

Background: The role of apolipoproteins in prediction of clinical CVD remains controversial. Data are sparse regarding their longitudinal associations and predictive utility for subclinical atherosclerosisis.. Methods: We included participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study, a multicenter cohort of adults aged 18 to 30, and balanced in distribution of sex, race and education at enrollment in 1985- 6. Serum lipids and apolipoproteins (LDL-c, HDL-c, Apo B and ApoA1) were measured at baseline (Year 0). Coronary artery calcification (CAC) and carotid intimal-medial thickness (IMT) were measured at Year 20. We used logistic regression (for CAC) and linear regression (for IMT) to estimate odds ratios, beta coefficients, likelihood ratio X2, F values, Akaike information criteria and c-statistics or adjusted R2 for each lipid measure in association with CAC and IMT.. Results: There were 2977 men and women (mean age 25 at baseline). Correlations between cholesterol ...
circ.ahajournals.org/content/116/Suppl_16/II_808.2

*  RM-3A - Wappingers Falls NY - New Concepts Medical

The specific factors that can cause this increased risk include: obesity (particularly central), hyperglycemia, hypertension, insulin resistance and dyslipoproteinemia. When patients have one or more risk factors and are physically inactive or smoke, the cardiometabolic risk is increased even more. Medical conditions that often share the above characteristics, such as type 2 diabetes, can also increase cardiometabolic risk. The primary focus of cardiometabolic risk treatment is management of each high risk factor, including dyslipoproteinemia, hypertension, and diabetes. The management of these subjects is based principally on lifestyle measures, but various antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, insulin sensitizing, anti-obesity and antiplatelet drugs could be helpful in reducing cardiometabolic risk.. ...
newconceptsmedicalpc.com/rm-3a/

*  Overnight Drugstore: Viagra Discard Date from FDA approved store!

Viagra discard date. Typically, troponin levels at least annually, and patients with identifiable risk factors. Not a rstline treatment or csw.
wildsheep.org/expo/viagra-discard-date.html

*  What's The Connection: Heart Disease Risk Factors & Brain Function

Physical illnesses can impact cognitive ability. But treating stroke risk factors could decrease executive function decline in otherwise healthy people.
parentgiving.com/elder-care/heart-disease-risk-factors-brain-function/

*  Top 5 Risk Factors for Heart Disease

Risk factors for heart disease, the No. 1 killer in the United States, come in many forms. Learn about the top 5 risk factors for heart disease.
health.howstuffworks.com/diseases-conditions/cardiovascular/heart/5-risk-factors-for-heart-disease.htm

*  Breast cancer risk at age 40 is 1 in 26, not the more dire 1 in 9 - tribunedigital-chicagotribune

The risk of a 40-year-old woman developing breast cancer in the next 20 years is 1 in 26, not the 1 in 9 figure that is frequently quoted.Many older women overestimate their risk of developing
articles.chicagotribune.com/2001-07-22/news/0107220520_1_breast-cancer-california-cancer-registry-child-care-providers

*  S13 Incidence And Risk Factors For The Development Of Hospital Acquired Pneumonia In Older Hospitalised Patients | Thorax

Results A total of 1302 patients were included in the survey, 539 (41%) male, and mean age 82 years (SD 8). Median length of hospital stay was 14 days (IQR 20). 157 episodes of HAP were suspected clinically in 143 patients (incidence 10.9%), but only 83 episodes (53% of total) in 76 patients met the diagnostic criteria (incidence 5.8%). Case fatality rate was 29% in patients with confirmed HAP, and 19% in patients with suspected but not confirmed HAP. Risk of HAP increased by 0.3% per day spent in hospital. Swallowing problems were the single most important risk factor; HR 3.7 (95% CI 2.2 to 6.1, p , 0.001).. ...
thorax.bmj.com/content/69/Suppl_2/A9.2

*  Risk factors at age 8 | British Stammering Association

Will an eight-year old child still stammer as a teenager? About half do not. New research examines how to predict whether or not a child will recover.
https://stammering.org/speaking-out/articles/risk-factors-age-8

*  The Not-So-Sexy Side Of Sex Injuries - SHE'SAID' United States

Sex comes with certain risks yeah? Most of us would instantly think of STD's and pregnancy. This lot of un-sexy sex injuries looks at the risks of sex from
shesaid.com/not-so-sexy-side-of-sex-injuries/

*  Risk Factors in Fosamax Use

Fosamax, also known as aldenotrate sodium, is a drug that belongs to a group called biphosphonates. Fosamax is manufactured Merck & Co. and the drug was
agingparentsauthority.com/health-and-fitness/risk-factors-in-fosamax-use/

*  Causes of Cramping with No Period and Not Pregnant | LIVESTRONG.COM

Skipping a period is a common occurrence for many women. When accompanied by abdominal cramping and the knowledge that she's not pregnant, a woman may...
livestrong.com/article/141297-causes-cramping-no-period-not-pregnant/

*  Linear vs. Logistic Probability Models: Which is Better, and When? | Statistical Horizons

Because the log odds scale is so hard to interpret, it is common to report logistic regression results as odds ratios. To do this, we exponentiate both sides of the logistic regression equation and obtain a new equation that looks like this:. p/(1-p) = d0 × (d1)X1 × (d2)X2 × … × (dk)Xk. On the left side we have the odds and on the right side we have a product involving the odds ratios d1 = exp(b1), d2 = exp(b2), etc.. Odds ratios seem like they should be intuitive. If d1 = 2, for example, that means that a one-unit increase in X1 doubles the odds that Y is 1. That sounds like something we should understand.. But we don't understand, really. We think we understand odds because in everyday speech we use the word "odds" in a vague and informal way. Journalists commonly use "odds" interchangeably with a variety of other words, such as "chance," "risk," "probability," and "likelihood"-and academics are often just as sloppy when interpreting results. But in statistics these words aren't ...
https://statisticalhorizons.com/linear-vs-logistic


(1/2475) Women's interest in vaginal microbicides.

CONTEXT: Each year, an estimated 15 million new cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV, occur in the United States. Women are not only at a disadvantage because of their biological and social susceptibility, but also because of the methods that are available for prevention. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1,000 women aged 18-44 in the continental United States who had had sex with a man in the last 12 months were interviewed by telephone. Analyses identified levels and predictors of women's worry about STDs and interest in vaginal microbicides, as well as their preferences regarding method characteristics. Numbers of potential U.S. microbicide users were estimated. RESULTS: An estimated 21.3 million U.S. women have some potential current interest in using a microbicidal product. Depending upon product specifications and cost, as many as 6.0 million women who are worried about getting an STD would be very interested in current use of a microbicide. These women are most likely to be unmarried and not cohabiting, of low income and less education, and black or Hispanic. They also are more likely to have visited a doctor for STD symptoms or to have reduced their sexual activity because of STDs, to have a partner who had had other partners in the past year, to have no steady partner or to have ever used condoms for STD prevention. CONCLUSIONS: A significant minority of women in the United States are worried about STDs and think they would use vaginal microbicides. The development, testing and marketing of such products should be expedited.  (+info)

(2/2475) Predicting longitudinal growth curves of height and weight using ecological factors for children with and without early growth deficiency.

Growth curve models were used to examine the effect of genetic and ecological factors on changes in height and weight of 225 children from low income, urban families who were assessed up to eight times in the first 6 y of life. Children with early growth deficiency [failure to thrive (FTT)] (n = 127) and a community sample of children without growth deficiency (n = 98) were examined to evaluate how genetic, child and family characteristics influenced growth. Children of taller and heavier parents, who were recruited at younger ages and did not have a history of growth deficiency, had accelerated growth from recruitment through age 6 y. In addition, increases in height were associated with better health, less difficult temperament, nurturant mothers and female gender; increases in weight were associated with better health. Children with a history of growth deficiency demonstrated slower rates of growth than children in the community group without a history of growth deficiency. In the community group, changes in children's height and weight were related to maternal perceptions of health and temperament and maternal nurturance during feeding, whereas in the FTT group, maternal perceptions and behavior were not in synchrony with children's growth. These findings suggest that, in addition to genetic factors, growth is dependent on a nurturant and sensitive caregiving system. Interventions to promote growth should consider child and family characteristics, including maternal perceptions of children's health and temperament and maternal mealtime behavior.  (+info)

(3/2475) The relationship of family size and spacing to the growth of preschool Mayan children in Guatemala.

The height of preschool Mayan children is analyzed with respect to family size and the spacing of their siblings, controlling for parental heights and weights. Data on 643 cases were abstracted from the records of two previous longitudinal studies on the health of children under age five years living in the highlands of Guatemala. Height at age three years is estimated from the linear regression equations fitted for each child to measurements of height repeated at three-month intervals from ages one to four years. Family size is expressed in terms of birth rank, live siblings, and the number of dependent and independent family members. Family spacing is measured as birth intervals, i.e., the number of months between the birth of the index child and his previous and subsequent siblings. Most previous studies have reported that height decreases as family size increases. This study shows that Mayan children from both small and large families are taller than those from middle-sized families. Evidence is presented to support the hypothesis that children in large families are relatively tall because their early-born siblings contribute to the family fortunes. Birth intervals are positively correlated with height. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for family planning.  (+info)

(4/2475) Active infection with Helicobacter pylori in healthy couples.

The mode of spread of Helicobacter pylori infection is subject to ongoing debate. Recent studies among patients with gastrointestinal disorders suggest a potential role of conjugal transmission. In this study, the clustering of H. pylori infection was assessed among 110 employees of a health insurance company and their partners. Active infection with H. pylori was measured by the 13C-urea breath test. Information on potential confounders was collected by a standardized questionnaire. Overall, 16 employees (14.5%) and 24 partners (21.8%) were infected. While only 7% (6/86) of employees with an uninfected partner were infected, this applied to 42% (10/24) of employees with an infected partner. A very strong relation between partners' infection status persisted after control for age and other potential confounders (adjusted odds ratio, 7.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.8-26.7). Furthermore, the risk of infection increased with the number of years lived with an infected partner. These results support the hypothesis of a major role of spouse-to-spouse transmission of H. pylori infection.  (+info)

(5/2475) Social disadvantage, family composition, and diabetes mellitus: prevalence and outcome.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between social disadvantage and family composition on diabetes prevalence and diabetes care outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective audit in the south west of England of 801 children with diabetes mellitus. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of diabetes in relation to the Townsend index. Admissions to hospital with diabetes related problems, glycated haemoglobin, time spent in hospital, outpatient attendance rates. RESULTS: There was no association between social status and diabetes prevalence. Social deprivation increased the likelihood of admission for hypoglycaemia. Children living with a single parent were more likely to be admitted to hospital with a diabetes related problem and stay in hospital longer. Having either a parent with diabetes or a single parent increased the rates of clinic non-attendance. No association was identified between medium term diabetes control and either social disadvantage or single parent status. CONCLUSIONS: Social disadvantage has no effect on diabetes prevalence and little on diabetes outcome in childhood. Family structure and parental diabetes have adverse effects on some aspects of diabetes outcome.  (+info)

(6/2475) Nutrient intake of food bank users is related to frequency of food bank use, household size, smoking, education and country of birth.

The number of individuals and families accessing food assistance programs has continued to grow throughout the 1990s. Despite the increased health risk among low-income people, few studies have addressed nutrient intake throughout the month or at the end of the month when food and financial resources are thought to be compromised, and no study has described dietary status of a random sample of food bank users. Nutrient intakes of adult female and male food bank users in metropolitan Montreal, Quebec, Canada, were monitored week-by-week over a month by dietitian-administered 24-h recall interviews. A total of 428 participants from a stratified random sample of 57 urban area food banks completed all four interviews. Mean energy intake, as an indicator of diet quantity, was similar to other adult populations (10.2 +/- 4.8 and 7.9 +/- 3.6 MJ for men and women, respectively, age 18-49 y) and not related to sociodemographic variables except the expected biological variation of age and sex. Macronutrient intake was stable throughout the month. Overall median intakes of calcium, vitamin A, and zinc were below recommended levels for all age and sex groups. Intakes of several micronutrients were related to frequency of food bank use, household size, smoking, education, and country of birth. High nutrient intake variability characterized these adult food bank users.  (+info)

(7/2475) Contraceptive failure rates: new estimates from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth.

CONTEXT: Unintended pregnancy remains a major public health concern in the United States. Information on pregnancy rates among contraceptive users is needed to guide medical professionals' recommendations and individuals' choices of contraceptive methods. METHODS: Data were taken from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) and the 1994-1995 Abortion Patient Survey (APS). Hazards models were used to estimate method-specific contraceptive failure rates during the first six months and during the first year of contraceptive use for all U.S. women. In addition, rates were corrected to take into account the underreporting of induced abortion in the NSFG. Corrected 12-month failure rates were also estimated for subgroups of women by age, union status, poverty level, race or ethnicity, and religion. RESULTS: When contraceptive methods are ranked by effectiveness over the first 12 months of use (corrected for abortion underreporting), the implant and injectables have the lowest failure rates (2-3%), followed by the pill (8%), the diaphragm and the cervical cap (12%), the male condom (14%), periodic abstinence (21%), withdrawal (24%) and spermicides (26%). In general, failure rates are highest among cohabiting and other unmarried women, among those with an annual family income below 200% of the federal poverty level, among black and Hispanic women, among adolescents and among women in their 20s. For example, adolescent women who are not married but are cohabiting experience a failure rate of about 31% in the first year of contraceptive use, while the 12-month failure rate among married women aged 30 and older is only 7%. Black women have a contraceptive failure rate of about 19%, and this rate does not vary by family income; in contrast, overall 12-month rates are lower among Hispanic women (15%) and white women (10%), but vary by income, with poorer women having substantially greater failure rates than more affluent women. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of contraceptive failure vary widely by method, as well as by personal and background characteristics. Income's strong influence on contraceptive failure suggests that access barriers and the general disadvantage associated with poverty seriously impede effective contraceptive practice in the United States.  (+info)

(8/2475) Contraceptive failure, method-related discontinuation and resumption of use: results from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth.

CONTEXT: Half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Of these, half occur to women who were practicing contraception in the month they conceived, and others occur when couples stop use because they find their method difficult or inconvenient to use. METHODS: Data from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth were used to compute life-table probabilities of contraceptive failure for reversible methods of contraception, discontinuation of use for a method-related reason and resumption of contraceptive use. RESULTS: Within one year of starting to use a reversible method of contraception, 9% of women experience a contraceptive failure--7% of those using the pill, 9% of those relying on the male condom and 19% of those practicing withdrawal. During a lifetime of use of reversible methods, the typical woman will experience 1.8 contraceptive failures. Overall, 31% of women discontinue use of a reversible contraceptive for a method-related reason within six months of starting use, and 44% do so within 12 months; however, 68% resume use of a method within one month and 76% do so within three months. Multivariate analyses show that the risk of contraceptive failure is elevated among low-income women and Hispanic women. Low-income women are also less likely than other women to resume contraceptive use after discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS: The risks of pregnancy during typical use of reversible methods of contraception are considerably higher than risks of failure during clinical trials, reflecting imperfect use of these methods rather than lack of inherent efficacy. High rates of method-related discontinuation probably reflect dissatisfaction with available methods.  (+info)



differ


  • However, its characteristics features may differ from place to place and society to society. (preservearticles.com)

patients


  • With families becoming smaller, the addition of breast cancer to the repertoire of tissues which can be used to identify patients and families at risk is likely to improve detection rates. (aacrjournals.org)
  • RATIONALE: Gathering medical and family history information from patients and family members may help doctors better understand hereditary colorectal cancer and hereditary polyposis syndrome and identify patients at high risk of developing hereditary colorectal cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To identify patients and their family members who have either hereditary colorectal cancer or polyposis syndrome or are at high risk for developing hereditary colorectal cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • OUTLINE: Data is collected on patients and their families for inclusion in a hereditary colorectal cancer registry. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • RATIONALE: Identifying gene mutations and other risk factors in patients with melanoma and in families with a history of hereditary melanoma may help doctors identify persons at risk for melanoma and other types of cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying gene mutations in patients with melanoma and in families with a history of hereditary melanoma. (clinicaltrials.gov)

onset


  • There are, in addition, a significant number of cases of breast cancer that present at an earlier than usual age of onset and with a conspicuous family history for which the causative gene(s) has not been identified ( 5 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Determine the proportion of multiple-case families that are explained by these mutations and whether it varies with latitude, as a surrogate for ultraviolet exposure, with number of affected relatives, with average age at onset of melanoma in relatives, with presence of multiple primary melanoma, or with other family-specific variables. (clinicaltrials.gov)

Registry


  • Registry data is entered into a secure database that includes information on patient demographics and medical and family cancer history. (clinicaltrials.gov)

cultures


  • This Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation explores housing characteristics native to various cultures and regions and identifies different architectural styles. (cevmultimedia.com)

history


  • Dr. Bill's first passion is family history. (hubpages.com)
  • She had no major medical history, including no personal or family history of skin disease. (aafp.org)

members


  • Emotional attachment between father-mother, parent-children and between siblings, keeps the family members together as a unit. (preservearticles.com)
  • the number of members in each group is limited thus restricting the size of the family. (preservearticles.com)
  • The family has a positive formative influence on all its members. (preservearticles.com)
  • The grown-up members too are dependant on the family for psychological development and emotional feedback. (preservearticles.com)
  • Each member of the family has a responsibility towards other family members, towards family and towards society. (preservearticles.com)

gene


  • Breast cancer arose in 35 mutation carriers, and of these, 18 (51%) showed immunohistochemical absence of MMR protein corresponding to the MMR gene mutation segregating the family. (aacrjournals.org)

Status


  • Although today many of its functions are taken upon by the various social institutions, yet the central status of family is indispensable. (preservearticles.com)
  • Identify any histopathological correlates of MSG status in primary tumors arising in melanoma-susceptible individuals in these families. (clinicaltrials.gov)

houses


  • The inconceivable periodic table houses a few families and groups of elements, each having its own particular properties. (askiitians.com)

explore


  • The aim of this study was to explore features of breast cancers arising in Lynch syndrome families. (aacrjournals.org)

various


  • Family is like a unit block in the formation of a social set-up and it performs various functions. (preservearticles.com)

Details


  • Alexander pieced this story together from information received from the family, correspondence from William, and filled in some details from William when he returned. (hubpages.com)

risk


  • Determine the cutaneous phenotypes that correlate with melanoma risk in these families. (clinicaltrials.gov)

social


  • Family is bound to run by certain family and social regulations. (preservearticles.com)
  • An individual is not free to overlook these (family and social) regulations which were rather more strict in olden days as compared to the present-day society. (preservearticles.com)
  • Poor conflict management skills, ongoing disagreements and social stress can cause family problems. (reference.com)

cases


  • ref. 11 ), and a study of Brazilian Lynch syndrome families showed an increased incidence of breast cancer equal in incidence to endometrial cancer cases ( 12 ), although this study used clinical criteria to define Lynch syndrome. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Determine the incidence and etiologic significance of variants of known melanoma susceptibility genes (MSGs) in families with multiple cases of melanoma. (clinicaltrials.gov)

member


  • On the other hand, family as an institution keeps changing its member and has permanent existence. (preservearticles.com)
  • E26 transformation-specific-1 (ETS1) and WDFY family member 4 (WDFY4) are closely related with systemic lupus erythematosus. (mdpi.com)

share


  • His second is a passion for creating family saga, historical fiction stories that share it. (hubpages.com)

structure


  • Family is the basic unit structure of a society and is found in every culture and almost all geographical locations and at all times. (preservearticles.com)

food


  • Poor parenting skills in America are outlined by the terms set through the Department of Child Safety (DCS), which state a family must provide a shelter, food and care and prevent abuse. (reference.com)

known


  • Determine the proportion of multiple-case families that are explained by high-penetrance mutations in known MSGs. (clinicaltrials.gov)