Eye Diseases: Diseases affecting the eye.Eye: The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.Dry Eye Syndromes: Corneal and conjunctival dryness due to deficient tear production, predominantly in menopausal and post-menopausal women. Filamentary keratitis or erosion of the conjunctival and corneal epithelium may be caused by these disorders. Sensation of the presence of a foreign body in the eye and burning of the eyes may occur.Eye Diseases, Hereditary: Transmission of gene defects or chromosomal aberrations/abnormalities which are expressed in extreme variation in the structure or function of the eye. These may be evident at birth, but may be manifested later with progression of the disorder.Macular Degeneration: Degenerative changes in the RETINA usually of older adults which results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the MACULA LUTEA) because of damage to the retina. It occurs in dry and wet forms.Graves Ophthalmopathy: An autoimmune disorder of the EYE, occurring in patients with Graves disease. Subtypes include congestive (inflammation of the orbital connective tissue), myopathic (swelling and dysfunction of the extraocular muscles), and mixed congestive-myopathic ophthalmopathy.Blepharitis: Inflammation of the eyelids.Cataract: Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)Eye Movements: Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.Blindness: The inability to see or the loss or absence of perception of visual stimuli. This condition may be the result of EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; OPTIC CHIASM diseases; or BRAIN DISEASES affecting the VISUAL PATHWAYS or OCCIPITAL LOBE.Tears: The fluid secreted by the lacrimal glands. This fluid moistens the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA.Visual Acuity: Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.Vision Disorders: Visual impairments limiting one or more of the basic functions of the eye: visual acuity, dark adaptation, color vision, or peripheral vision. These may result from EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; VISUAL PATHWAY diseases; OCCIPITAL LOBE diseases; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS; and other conditions (From Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p132).Refractive Errors: Deviations from the average or standard indices of refraction of the eye through its dioptric or refractive apparatus.Glaucoma: An ocular disease, occurring in many forms, having as its primary characteristics an unstable or a sustained increase in the intraocular pressure which the eye cannot withstand without damage to its structure or impairment of its function. The consequences of the increased pressure may be manifested in a variety of symptoms, depending upon type and severity, such as excavation of the optic disk, hardness of the eyeball, corneal anesthesia, reduced visual acuity, seeing of colored halos around lights, disturbed dark adaptation, visual field defects, and headaches. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Ophthalmology: A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.Uveitis: Inflammation of part or all of the uvea, the middle (vascular) tunic of the eye, and commonly involving the other tunics (sclera and cornea, and the retina). (Dorland, 27th ed)Eye Infections: Infection, moderate to severe, caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses, which occurs either on the external surface of the eye or intraocularly with probable inflammation, visual impairment, or blindness.Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.Eye Injuries: Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.Eye Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the eye; may also be hereditary.Visually Impaired Persons: Persons with loss of vision such that there is an impact on activities of daily living.Diabetic Retinopathy: Disease of the RETINA as a complication of DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the progressive microvascular complications, such as ANEURYSM, interretinal EDEMA, and intraocular PATHOLOGIC NEOVASCULARIZATION.Fluorophotometry: Measurement of light given off by fluorescein in order to assess the integrity of various ocular barriers. The method is used to investigate the blood-aqueous barrier, blood-retinal barrier, aqueous flow measurements, corneal endothelial permeability, and tear flow dynamics.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Vision Screening: Application of tests and examinations to identify visual defects or vision disorders occurring in specific populations, as in school children, the elderly, etc. It is differentiated from VISION TESTS, which are given to evaluate/measure individual visual performance not related to a specific population.Meibomian Glands: The sebaceous glands situated on the inner surface of the eyelids between the tarsal plates and CONJUNCTIVA.Conjunctiva: The mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior pericorneal surface of the eyeball.Vision, Low: Vision considered to be inferior to normal vision as represented by accepted standards of acuity, field of vision, or motility. Low vision generally refers to visual disorders that are caused by diseases that cannot be corrected by refraction (e.g., MACULAR DEGENERATION; RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, etc.).Ophthalmic Solutions: Sterile solutions that are intended for instillation into the eye. It does not include solutions for cleaning eyeglasses or CONTACT LENS SOLUTIONS.Exophthalmos: Abnormal protrusion of both eyes; may be caused by endocrine gland malfunction, malignancy, injury, or paralysis of the extrinsic muscles of the eye.Xerophthalmia: Dryness of the eye surfaces caused by deficiency of tears or conjunctival secretions. It may be associated with vitamin A deficiency, trauma, or any condition in which the eyelids do not close completely.Eyelid DiseasesCorneal Diseases: Diseases of the cornea.Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca: Drying and inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of insufficient lacrimal secretion. When found in association with XEROSTOMIA and polyarthritis, it is called SJOGREN'S SYNDROME.Vision Tests: A series of tests used to assess various functions of the eyes.Corneal Opacity: Disorder occurring in the central or peripheral area of the cornea. The usual degree of transparency becomes relatively opaque.Retina: The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.Conjunctivitis, Allergic: Conjunctivitis due to hypersensitivity to various allergens.Diplopia: A visual symptom in which a single object is perceived by the visual cortex as two objects rather than one. Disorders associated with this condition include REFRACTIVE ERRORS; STRABISMUS; OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES; TROCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; ABDUCENS NERVE DISEASES; and diseases of the BRAIN STEM and OCCIPITAL LOBE.Orbit: Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.Hyperopia: A refractive error in which rays of light entering the eye parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus behind the retina, as a result of the eyeball being too short from front to back. It is also called farsightedness because the near point is more distant than it is in emmetropia with an equal amplitude of accommodation. (Dorland, 27th ed)Retinal DiseasesRetinal Drusen: Colloid or hyaline bodies lying beneath the retinal pigment epithelium. They may occur either secondary to changes in the choroid that affect the pigment epithelium or as an autosomal dominant disorder of the retinal pigment epithelium.Keratitis, Herpetic: A superficial, epithelial Herpesvirus hominis infection of the cornea, characterized by the presence of small vesicles which may break down and coalesce to form dendritic ulcers (KERATITIS, DENDRITIC). (Dictionary of Visual Science, 3d ed)Fluorescein: A phthalic indicator dye that appears yellow-green in normal tear film and bright green in a more alkaline medium such as the aqueous humor.Eye Burns: Injury to any part of the eye by extreme heat, chemical agents, or ultraviolet radiation.Lutein: A xanthophyll found in the major LIGHT-HARVESTING PROTEIN COMPLEXES of plants. Dietary lutein accumulates in the MACULA LUTEA.Myopia: A refractive error in which rays of light entering the EYE parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus in front of the RETINA when accommodation (ACCOMMODATION, OCULAR) is relaxed. This results from an overly curved CORNEA or from the eyeball being too long from front to back. It is also called nearsightedness.Vitreous Body: The transparent, semigelatinous substance that fills the cavity behind the CRYSTALLINE LENS of the EYE and in front of the RETINA. It is contained in a thin hyaloid membrane and forms about four fifths of the optic globe.Strabismus: Misalignment of the visual axes of the eyes. In comitant strabismus the degree of ocular misalignment does not vary with the direction of gaze. In noncomitant strabismus the degree of misalignment varies depending on direction of gaze or which eye is fixating on the target. (Miller, Walsh & Hoyt's Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, p641)Eye Infections, Viral: Infections of the eye caused by minute intracellular agents. These infections may lead to severe inflammation in various parts of the eye - conjunctiva, iris, eyelids, etc. Several viruses have been identified as the causative agents. Among these are Herpesvirus, Adenovirus, Poxvirus, and Myxovirus.Optometry: The professional practice of primary eye and vision care that includes the measurement of visual refractive power and the correction of visual defects with lenses or glasses.Graves Disease: A common form of hyperthyroidism with a diffuse hyperplastic GOITER. It is an autoimmune disorder that produces antibodies against the THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE RECEPTOR. These autoantibodies activate the TSH receptor, thereby stimulating the THYROID GLAND and hypersecretion of THYROID HORMONES. These autoantibodies can also affect the eyes (GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY) and the skin (Graves dermopathy).Eye Enucleation: The surgical removal of the eyeball leaving the eye muscles and remaining orbital contents intact.Iris: The most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior. It consists of two layers - the stroma and the pigmented epithelium. Color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.Albinism, Ocular: Albinism affecting the eye in which pigment of the hair and skin is normal or only slightly diluted. The classic type is X-linked (Nettleship-Falls), but an autosomal recessive form also exists. Ocular abnormalities may include reduced pigmentation of the iris, nystagmus, photophobia, strabismus, and decreased visual acuity.Eye Color: Color of the iris.Keratoconjunctivitis: Simultaneous inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva.Cornea: The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Ophthalmoscopy: Examination of the interior of the eye with an ophthalmoscope.Cataract Extraction: The removal of a cataractous CRYSTALLINE LENS from the eye.Retinoscopy: An objective determination of the refractive state of the eye (NEARSIGHTEDNESS; FARSIGHTEDNESS; ASTIGMATISM). By using a RETINOSCOPE, the amount of correction and the power of lens needed can be determined.American Civil War: 1861-1865 conflict between the Union (Northern states) and the 11 Southern states that seceded and were organized as the Confederate States of America.Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy: Disorder caused by loss of endothelium of the central cornea. It is characterized by hyaline endothelial outgrowths on Descemet's membrane, epithelial blisters, reduced vision, and pain.Intraocular Pressure: The pressure of the fluids in the eye.ConjunctivitisEyelids: Each of the upper and lower folds of SKIN which cover the EYE when closed.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Eye Banks: Centers for storing various parts of the eye for future use.Oculomotor Muscles: The muscles that move the eye. Included in this group are the medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique, superior oblique, musculus orbitalis, and levator palpebrae superioris.Conjunctivitis, Viral: Inflammation, often mild, of the conjunctiva caused by a variety of viral agents. Conjunctival involvement may be part of a systemic infection.Retinal Vessels: The blood vessels which supply and drain the RETINA.Lacrimal Apparatus: The tear-forming and tear-conducting system which includes the lacrimal glands, eyelid margins, conjunctival sac, and the tear drainage system.Retinal Pigment Epithelium: The single layer of pigment-containing epithelial cells in the RETINA, situated closely to the tips (outer segments) of the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. These epithelial cells are macroglia that perform essential functions for the photoreceptor cells, such as in nutrient transport, phagocytosis of the shed photoreceptor membranes, and ensuring retinal attachment.Onchocerciasis, Ocular: Filarial infection of the eyes transmitted from person to person by bites of Onchocerca volvulus-infected black flies. The microfilariae of Onchocerca are thus deposited beneath the skin. They migrate through various tissues including the eye. Those persons infected have impaired vision and up to 20% are blind. The incidence of eye lesions has been reported to be as high as 30% in Central America and parts of Africa.IndiaChorioretinitis: Inflammation of the choroid in which the sensory retina becomes edematous and opaque. The inflammatory cells and exudate may burst through the sensory retina to cloud the vitreous body.Seveso Accidental Release: 1976 accidental release of DIOXINS from a manufacturing facility in Seveso, ITALY following an equipment failure.Visual Fields: The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward.Macula Lutea: An oval area in the retina, 3 to 5 mm in diameter, usually located temporal to the posterior pole of the eye and slightly below the level of the optic disk. It is characterized by the presence of a yellow pigment diffusely permeating the inner layers, contains the fovea centralis in its center, and provides the best phototropic visual acuity. It is devoid of retinal blood vessels, except in its periphery, and receives nourishment from the choriocapillaris of the choroid. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Fundus Oculi: The concave interior of the eye, consisting of the retina, the choroid, the sclera, the optic disk, and blood vessels, seen by means of the ophthalmoscope. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Rhytidoplasty: Plastic surgery performed, usually by excision of skin, for the elimination of wrinkles from the skin.Retinitis: Inflammation of the RETINA. It is rarely limited to the retina, but is commonly associated with diseases of the choroid (CHORIORETINITIS) and of the OPTIC DISK (neuroretinitis).Choroid: The thin, highly vascular membrane covering most of the posterior of the eye between the RETINA and SCLERA.Eyebrows: Curved rows of HAIR located on the upper edges of the eye sockets.Xanthophylls: Oxygenated forms of carotenoids. They are usually derived from alpha and beta carotene.Keratitis: Inflammation of the cornea.Epithelium, Corneal: Stratified squamous epithelium that covers the outer surface of the CORNEA. It is smooth and contains many free nerve endings.Scleritis: Refers to any inflammation of the sclera including episcleritis, a benign condition affecting only the episclera, which is generally short-lived and easily treated. Classic scleritis, on the other hand, affects deeper tissue and is characterized by higher rates of visual acuity loss and even mortality, particularly in necrotizing form. Its characteristic symptom is severe and general head pain. Scleritis has also been associated with systemic collagen disease. Etiology is unknown but is thought to involve a local immune response. Treatment is difficult and includes administration of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents such as corticosteroids. Inflammation of the sclera may also be secondary to inflammation of adjacent tissues, such as the conjunctiva.Eye Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the EYE.Onchocerca: A genus of parasitic nematodes whose organisms live and breed in skin and subcutaneous tissues. Onchocercal microfilariae may also be found in the urine, blood, or sputum.Lens, Crystalline: A transparent, biconvex structure of the EYE, enclosed in a capsule and situated behind the IRIS and in front of the vitreous humor (VITREOUS BODY). It is slightly overlapped at its margin by the ciliary processes. Adaptation by the CILIARY BODY is crucial for OCULAR ACCOMMODATION.Iritis: Inflammation of the iris characterized by circumcorneal injection, aqueous flare, keratotic precipitates, and constricted and sluggish pupil along with discoloration of the iris.Eyeglasses: A pair of ophthalmic lenses in a frame or mounting which is supported by the nose and ears. The purpose is to aid or improve vision. It does not include goggles or nonprescription sun glasses for which EYE PROTECTIVE DEVICES is available.Keratitis, Dendritic: A form of herpetic keratitis characterized by the formation of small vesicles which break down and coalesce to form recurring dendritic ulcers, characteristically irregular, linear, branching, and ending in knoblike extremities. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 3d ed)Iridocyclitis: Acute or chronic inflammation of the iris and ciliary body characterized by exudates into the anterior chamber, discoloration of the iris, and constricted, sluggish pupil. Symptoms include radiating pain, photophobia, lacrimation, and interference with vision.BaltimoreOcular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.Night Blindness: Failure or imperfection of vision at night or in dim light, with good vision only on bright days. (Dorland, 27th ed)Compound Eye, Arthropod: Light sensory organ in ARTHROPODS consisting of a large number of ommatidia, each functioning as an independent photoreceptor unit.Pterygium: An abnormal triangular fold of membrane in the interpalpebral fissure, extending from the conjunctiva to the cornea, being immovably united to the cornea at its apex, firmly attached to the sclera throughout its middle portion, and merged with the conjunctiva at its base. (Dorland, 27th ed)Eye Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of the eyes from impact, flying objects, glare, liquids, or injurious radiation.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Instillation, Drug: The administration of therapeutic agents drop by drop, as eye drops, ear drops, or nose drops. It is also administered into a body space or cavity through a catheter. It differs from THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION in that the irrigate is removed within minutes, but the instillate is left in place.Los AngelesEndophthalmitis: Suppurative inflammation of the tissues of the internal structures of the eye frequently associated with an infection.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Tomography, Optical Coherence: An imaging method using LASERS that is used for mapping subsurface structure. When a reflective site in the sample is at the same optical path length (coherence) as the reference mirror, the detector observes interference fringes.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Glare: Relatively bright light, or the dazzling sensation of relatively bright light, which produces unpleasantness or discomfort, or which interferes with optimal VISION, OCULAR. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Contact Lenses: Lenses designed to be worn on the front surface of the eyeball. (UMDNS, 1999)Fluorescein Angiography: Visualization of a vascular system after intravenous injection of a fluorescein solution. The images may be photographed or televised. It is used especially in studying the retinal and uveal vasculature.Osmoregulation: The response of cells in sensing a difference in OSMOTIC PRESSURE between the inside and outside of the cell. This response includes signaling from osmotic sensors to activate transcription factors, which in turn regulate the expression of osmocompensatory genes, all functioning to maintain CELL VOLUME and the water concentration inside the cells.Zinc Oxide: A mild astringent and topical protectant with some antiseptic action. It is also used in bandages, pastes, ointments, dental cements, and as a sunblock.Anisometropia: A condition of an inequality of refractive power of the two eyes.Sickness Impact Profile: A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)Rose Bengal: A bright bluish pink compound that has been used as a dye, biological stain, and diagnostic aid.Eye ProteinsOphthalmologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.Glaucoma, Open-Angle: Glaucoma in which the angle of the anterior chamber is open and the trabecular meshwork does not encroach on the base of the iris.Amblyopia: A nonspecific term referring to impaired vision. Major subcategories include stimulus deprivation-induced amblyopia and toxic amblyopia. Stimulus deprivation-induced amblyopia is a developmental disorder of the visual cortex. A discrepancy between visual information received by the visual cortex from each eye results in abnormal cortical development. STRABISMUS and REFRACTIVE ERRORS may cause this condition. Toxic amblyopia is a disorder of the OPTIC NERVE which is associated with ALCOHOLISM, tobacco SMOKING, and other toxins and as an adverse effect of the use of some medications.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Optic Disk Drusen: Optic disk bodies composed primarily of acid mucopolysaccharides that may produce pseudopapilledema (elevation of the optic disk without associated INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION) and visual field deficits. Drusen may also occur in the retina (see RETINAL DRUSEN). (Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, p355)Visual Field Tests: Method of measuring and mapping the scope of vision, from central to peripheral of each eye.Trachoma: A chronic infection of the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.Eye Injuries, Penetrating: Deeply perforating or puncturing type intraocular injuries.Toxoplasmosis, Ocular: Infection caused by the protozoan parasite TOXOPLASMA in which there is extensive connective tissue proliferation, the retina surrounding the lesions remains normal, and the ocular media remain clear. Chorioretinitis may be associated with all forms of toxoplasmosis, but is usually a late sequel of congenital toxoplasmosis. The severe ocular lesions in infants may lead to blindness.Lipocalin 1: A lipocalin that was orignally characterized from human TEARS. It is expressed primarily in the LACRIMAL GLAND and the VON EBNER GLANDS. Lipocalin 1 may play a role in olfactory transduction by concentrating and delivering odorants to the ODORANT RECEPTORS.Endocrinology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the metabolism, physiology, and disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Geographic Atrophy: A form of MACULAR DEGENERATION also known as dry macular degeneration marked by occurrence of a well-defined progressive lesion or atrophy in the central part of the RETINA called the MACULA LUTEA. It is distinguishable from WET MACULAR DEGENERATION in that the latter involves neovascular exudates.Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect: A form of fluorescent antibody technique commonly used to detect serum antibodies and immune complexes in tissues and microorganisms in specimens from patients with infectious diseases. The technique involves formation of an antigen-antibody complex which is labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)Vision, Ocular: The process in which light signals are transformed by the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS into electrical signals which can then be transmitted to the brain.Eye Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the eye.Eye Movement Measurements: Methods and procedures for recording EYE MOVEMENTS.Fixation, Ocular: The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.Posterior Eye Segment: The back two-thirds of the eye that includes the anterior hyaloid membrane and all of the optical structures behind it: the VITREOUS HUMOR; RETINA; CHOROID; and OPTIC NERVE.Orbital Diseases: Diseases of the bony orbit and contents except the eyeball.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Choroidal Neovascularization: A pathological process consisting of the formation of new blood vessels in the CHOROID.Conjunctival DiseasesReproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Optic Nerve: The 2nd cranial nerve which conveys visual information from the RETINA to the brain. The nerve carries the axons of the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS which sort at the OPTIC CHIASM and continue via the OPTIC TRACTS to the brain. The largest projection is to the lateral geniculate nuclei; other targets include the SUPERIOR COLLICULI and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEI. Though known as the second cranial nerve, it is considered part of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Sclera: The white, opaque, fibrous, outer tunic of the eyeball, covering it entirely excepting the segment covered anteriorly by the cornea. It is essentially avascular but contains apertures for vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. It receives the tendons of insertion of the extraocular muscles and at the corneoscleral junction contains the canal of Schlemm. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Thyroid Diseases: Pathological processes involving the THYROID GLAND.Electroretinography: Recording of electric potentials in the retina after stimulation by light.Axial Length, Eye: The distance between the anterior and posterior poles of the eye, measured either by ULTRASONOGRAPHY or by partial coherence interferometry.Optic Disk: The portion of the optic nerve seen in the fundus with the ophthalmoscope. It is formed by the meeting of all the retinal ganglion cell axons as they enter the optic nerve.Scopolamine Hydrobromide: An alkaloid from SOLANACEAE, especially DATURA and SCOPOLIA. Scopolamine and its quaternary derivatives act as antimuscarinics like ATROPINE, but may have more central nervous system effects. Among the many uses are as an anesthetic premedication, in URINARY INCONTINENCE, in MOTION SICKNESS, as an antispasmodic, and as a mydriatic and cycloplegic.Anterior Chamber: The space in the eye, filled with aqueous humor, bounded anteriorly by the cornea and a small portion of the sclera and posteriorly by a small portion of the ciliary body, the iris, and that part of the crystalline lens which presents through the pupil. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p109)Retinal Pigments: Photosensitive protein complexes of varied light absorption properties which are expressed in the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. They are OPSINS conjugated with VITAMIN A-based chromophores. Chromophores capture photons of light, leading to the activation of opsins and a biochemical cascade that ultimately excites the photoreceptor cells.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Lens Nucleus, Crystalline: The core of the crystalline lens, surrounded by the cortex.Administration, Topical: The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.Receptors, Thyrotropin: Cell surface proteins that bind pituitary THYROTROPIN (also named thyroid stimulating hormone or TSH) and trigger intracellular changes of the target cells. TSH receptors are present in the nervous system and on target cells in the thyroid gland. Autoantibodies to TSH receptors are implicated in thyroid diseases such as GRAVES DISEASE and Hashimoto disease (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE).Aqueous Humor: The clear, watery fluid which fills the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye. It has a refractive index lower than the crystalline lens, which it surrounds, and is involved in the metabolism of the cornea and the crystalline lens. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p319)Retinal Degeneration: A retrogressive pathological change in the retina, focal or generalized, caused by genetic defects, inflammation, trauma, vascular disease, or aging. Degeneration affecting predominantly the macula lutea of the retina is MACULAR DEGENERATION. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p304)Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Goblet Cells: A glandular epithelial cell or a unicellular gland. Goblet cells secrete MUCUS. They are scattered in the epithelial linings of many organs, especially the SMALL INTESTINE and the RESPIRATORY TRACT.Eye Infections, Bacterial: Infections in the inner or external eye caused by microorganisms belonging to several families of bacteria. Some of the more common genera found are Haemophilus, Neisseria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Chlamydia.Refraction, Ocular: Refraction of LIGHT effected by the media of the EYE.Contrast Sensitivity: The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.Uveitis, Anterior: Inflammation of the anterior uvea comprising the iris, angle structures, and the ciliary body. Manifestations of this disorder include ciliary injection, exudation into the anterior chamber, iris changes, and adhesions between the iris and lens (posterior synechiae). Intraocular pressure may be increased or reduced.Ciliary Body: A ring of tissue extending from the scleral spur to the ora serrata of the RETINA. It consists of the uveal portion and the epithelial portion. The ciliary muscle is in the uveal portion and the ciliary processes are in the epithelial portion.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Pursuit, Smooth: Eye movements that are slow, continuous, and conjugate and occur when a fixed object is moved slowly.Vision, Binocular: The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.Retinitis Pigmentosa: Hereditary, progressive degeneration of the neuroepithelium of the retina characterized by night blindness and progressive contraction of the visual field.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Sjogren's Syndrome: Chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease in which the salivary and lacrimal glands undergo progressive destruction by lymphocytes and plasma cells resulting in decreased production of saliva and tears. The primary form, often called sicca syndrome, involves both KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA and XEROSTOMIA. The secondary form includes, in addition, the presence of a connective tissue disease, usually rheumatoid arthritis.Retinal Neovascularization: Formation of new blood vessels originating from the retinal veins and extending along the inner (vitreal) surface of the retina.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Mice, Inbred C57BLHispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Autoimmune Diseases: Disorders that are characterized by the production of antibodies that react with host tissues or immune effector cells that are autoreactive to endogenous peptides.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Osmolar Concentration: The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Sutures: Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Vision, Monocular: Images seen by one eye.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Retinal Detachment: Separation of the inner layers of the retina (neural retina) from the pigment epithelium. Retinal detachment occurs more commonly in men than in women, in eyes with degenerative myopia, in aging and in aphakia. It may occur after an uncomplicated cataract extraction, but it is seen more often if vitreous humor has been lost during surgery. (Dorland, 27th ed; Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p310-12).Glycemic Index: A numerical system of measuring the rate of BLOOD GLUCOSE generation from a particular food item as compared to a reference item, such as glucose = 100. Foods with higher glycemic index numbers create greater blood sugar swings.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.United StatesPhotoreceptor Cells, Invertebrate: Specialized cells in the invertebrates that detect and transduce light. They are predominantly rhabdomeric with an array of photosensitive microvilli. Illumination depolarizes invertebrate photoreceptors by stimulating Na+ influx across the plasma membrane.Eye Infections, Fungal: Infection by a variety of fungi, usually through four possible mechanisms: superficial infection producing conjunctivitis, keratitis, or lacrimal obstruction; extension of infection from neighboring structures - skin, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx; direct introduction during surgery or accidental penetrating trauma; or via the blood or lymphatic routes in patients with underlying mycoses.Anterior Eye Segment: The front third of the eyeball that includes the structures between the front surface of the cornea and the front of the VITREOUS BODY.Eye Infections, Parasitic: Mild to severe infections of the eye and its adjacent structures (adnexa) by adult or larval protozoan or metazoan parasites.Eye Pain: A dull or sharp painful sensation associated with the outer or inner structures of the eyeball, having different causes.Herpesvirus 1, Human: The type species of SIMPLEXVIRUS causing most forms of non-genital herpes simplex in humans. Primary infection occurs mainly in infants and young children and then the virus becomes latent in the dorsal root ganglion. It then is periodically reactivated throughout life causing mostly benign conditions.Eye Evisceration: The surgical removal of the inner contents of the eye, leaving the sclera intact. It should be differentiated from ORBIT EVISCERATION which removes the entire contents of the orbit, including eyeball, blood vessels, muscles, fat, nerve supply, and periosteum.Pupil: The aperture in the iris through which light passes.Sensory Deprivation: The absence or restriction of the usual external sensory stimuli to which the individual responds.Vitrectomy: Removal of the whole or part of the vitreous body in treating endophthalmitis, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, intraocular foreign bodies, and some types of glaucoma.

*  PPT - Systemic Disease and the Eye PowerPoint Presentation - ID:4248340

Patients of all ages and medical history can present with eye problems Symptoms are often associated with systemic disease ... Systemic Disease and the Eye. Dr Sancy Low. Background. ... Inherited eye disease *Genetic eye disease accounts for 20% of ... Gene therapy for eye disease -Ucl institute of ophthalmology department of genetics. gene therapy for eye disease. an ... THYROID EYE DISEASE -Graves\' disease. graves\' disease is the most common thyroid abnormality associated with thyroid ...
slideserve.com/golda/systemic-disease-and-the-eye

*  Neuro-ophthalmology | Centro Médico Teknon

It is not unusual for the same symptoms to emerge after in the contra lateral eye.. An attack on the disc or head of the optic ... If the person is suffering bi-lateral ptosis (blepharophimosis) then disease, muscular dystrophy, malfunction of the thyroid or ... It is the job of the cranial nerves emerging from the stem of the brain to operate the muscles which move the eyes and raise ... The symptoms are usually a shift from full to partial vision in one eye, whilst the state of the fundus is normal at first, ...
teknon.es/en/especialidades/fernandez-agrafojo-dora/neuro-ophthalmology

*  Can you swim with pink-eye? | Reference.com

... a person who is has pink-eye should not go swimming until the condition has cleared up, according to Kid's Health. This eye ... As pink-eye can be spread through the water, ... Learn more about Conditions & Diseases Sources:. kidshealth.org ... As pink-eye can be spread through the water, a person who is has pink-eye should not go swimming until the condition has ... WebMD suggests that those experiencing the symptoms of pink-eye, such as yellow discharge, redness of the inner eye area, along ...
https://reference.com/health/can-swim-pink-eye-8ba8160405593f97

*  sty | eye disease | Britannica.com

any of the diseases or disorders that affect the human eye. This article briefly describes the more common diseases of the eye ... eye disease: Inflammatory conditions. Another common inflammatory condition of the lid is a sty, in which inflammation of ... The eye becomes sensitive to light, tears flow copiously, and there is a sensation of a foreign body in the eye. The area of ... Viruses, Bacteria, and Diseases. Take this Health Quiz at Enyclopedia Britannica to test your knowledge of various diseases and ...
https://britannica.com/science/sty

*  Finding Molecular Signals Of Eye Disease Before Symptoms Arise - Redorbit

Even better, this tool promises to detect some eye diseases so early that they may be reversed before any permanent damage can ... "This tool is a total game-changer: it detects inflammatory eye disease at the molecular level before damage occurs," said ... Finding Molecular Signals Of Eye Disease Before Symptoms Arise. by Sam Savage ... and double-combined probes targeting endothelial markers in the eyes of test animals because of the eye's unique accessibility ...
redorbit.com/news/health/1857795/finding_molecular_signals_of_eye_disease_before_symptoms_arise/

*  Eye Problems & Conditions Quiz: Pinkeye, Stye, Myopia & More

... diseases, and conditions like conjunctivitis (pinkeye), stye, myopia, presbyopia, glaucoma, lazy eye (amblyopia), and others. ... Take this quiz to learn about common eye problems, ... Learn More About Eye Care Eye Conditions FAQs NEXT: Pink Eye ( ... Eye allergies. Which term describes a group of symptoms that occur after extended use of the eyes?. Eye strain, or eye fatigue ... Symptoms of eye strain include irritated eyes, headaches, blurred vision, increased sensitivity to light, or eye dryness. Eye ...
https://medicinenet.com/eyes_and_eye_conditions/quiz.htm

*  Published Ahead-of-Print : Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology

New Insights in Vanishing White Matter Disease-Isolated Bilateral Optic Neuropathy in Adult Onset Disease.. Barros, Sandra R.; ... Rapid Number Naming and Quantitative Eye Movements May Reflect Contact Sport Exposure in a Collegiate Ice Hockey Cohort.. ... Gorham-Stout Disease Presenting as Acute Unilateral Proptosis.. Stroh, Inna G.; Ediriwickrema, Lilangi S.; Miller, Neil R. ... Optic Disc Drusen in Children: The Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000 Eye Study.. Malmqvist, Lasse; Li, Xiao Qiang; Eckmann, ...
journals.lww.com/jneuro-ophthalmology/toc/9000/00000

*  Baby chick eye infection??? | BackYard Chickens

Is there anything i can do for his eye? its runny and crusty and... ... this little guy has had eye problems since he was born and hes about 2 weeks old. ... One eye swollen, then traveling to the other eye? Sounds like Chronic Respiratory Disease. Young bird. I would try 1/4 cc of ... Looks like some kind of cut near his eye. I would put sterile eye drops in his eye everyday, to keep Infection from building. ...
https://backyardchickens.com/threads/baby-chick-eye-infection.736517/

*  azithromycin 600 mg Tab Information - Drugs and Treatments - MedHelp

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver disease, kidney disease ... yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine). Get medical help right away if any of these rare but serious side effects occur: fast/ ... condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or ... a certain muscle disease (myasthenia gravis). Azithromycin may cause a condition that affects the heart rhythm (QT prolongation ...
medhelp.org/drugs/azithromycin-600-mg-Tab/show/210721

*  Eye infections and eye diseases - Eye Health - MedBroadcast.com

... eye infections and eye diseases. Eye injury and disease can be painful, but more importantly it can affect your vision. Learn ... A basic eye examination There are many tools that eye doctors use for diagnosing glaucoma, including the most basic - the eye ... Glaucoma is a term used to describe a number of diseases of the human eye, all of which have different causes and treatments. ... Symptoms extreme pain bulging eyes reduced eye movement swollen eyelids Complications If not adequately treated, orbital ...
medbroadcast.com/channel/eye-health/eye-infections-and-eye-diseases

*  Eye Disease - Pediatrics Conditions - BroadcastMed

For more than 20 years, BroadcastMed has been innovating digital strategies for healthcare organizations. The company was first in the world to broadcast live surgeries on the internet using its ORLive solution which provides an intimate look inside the operating room.. ...
https://broadcastmed.com/pediatrics/conditions?id=DB2626E6-43F6-11DE-988200219B8D5584

*  What are some common eye diseases? | Reference.com

Graves disease and macular degeneration. Certain diseases, such as glaucoma and cataracts, appear as a patient ages and can ... Common eye diseases include acute red eye, cataracts, glaucoma, ... What are some names of eye diseases?. * Which eye diseases can ... Common eye diseases include acute red eye, cataracts, glaucoma, Graves disease and macular degeneration. Certain diseases, such ... What are the most common types of eye diseases?. A: The most common eye diseases include refractive issues, cataracts, glaucoma ...
https://reference.com/health/common-eye-diseases-8ed9860304afa9ec

*  Location and frequency of lesions in patients with IgG4-related ophthalmic diseases | SpringerLink

Eye (London) 5:668-673CrossRefGoogle Scholar. *. 26.. Barbagallo GMV, Russo A, Mendoza ND (2004) Isolated, benign, intraorbital ... Zen Y, Nakanuma Y (2010) IgG4-related disease. A cross-sectional study of 114 cases. Am J Surg Pathol 34:1812-1819PubMed ... Ohno K, Sato Y, Ohshima K, Takata K, Ando M, Al-Kader LA, Iwaki N, Takeuchi M, Orita Y, Yoshino T (2012) IgG4-related disease ... IgG4-related disease MRI Orbital tumor Orbital inflammation Trigeminal nerve Extraocular muscles ...
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00417-013-2548-4

*  Antibiotic Eye Drops for Dogs | eHow

... allergies or even dry eyes. Eye problems require immediate veterinary attention to ensure infection doesn't spread and that ... Your dog can contract an eye infection from a scratch, bacteria, a virus or as a complication of a cold, ... Dry eye can lead to infection, as it may be the result of injury or disease. Your vet's primary objective will be to examine ... Cures for Canine Eye Infections Medicinal teatments for canine eye infections include topical creams, eye drops and antibiotics ...
ehow.com/about_6561202_antibiotic-eye-drops-dogs.html

*  Lux Biosciences Initiates Clinical Trials of Its Second Pivotal Stage Program - Drugs.com MedNews

... a privately held biotechnology company specialized in the field of ophthalmic diseases, announced today that the company ha ... LX201 is a silicone matrix ocular implant that steadily releases therapeutic doses of cyclosporine A locally to the eye for one ... benznidazole Benznidazole is an antiprotozoal indicated for the treatment of Chagas disease, or American trypanosomiasis,... ... the area beneath the transparent tissue covering the white of the eye) in a minimally invasive procedure. Lux Biosciences plans ...
https://drugs.com/news/lux-biosciences-initiates-clinical-trials-second-pivotal-stage-program-5777.html

*  Pink eye (conjunctivitis) - Mayo Clinic

Pink eye (conjunctivitis) is uncomfortable and contagious, but - like the common cold - rarely requires medication or staying ... Diseases and Conditions A-Z. *Tests and Procedures A-Z. *Drugs and Supplements A-Z ... Though pink eye can be irritating, it rarely affects your vision. Treatments can help ease the discomfort of pink eye. Because ... www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/eye-and-vision-problems/glossary-of-eye-and-vision-conditions/conjunctivitis?sso=y. Accessed ...
mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pink-eye/basics/definition/con-20022732

*  WHO | Priority eye diseases

Priority eye diseases. Cataract. Definition. Cataract is clouding of the lens of the eye which prevents clear vision. Although ... or a cataract may develop after eye injuries, inflammation, and some other eye diseases. ... support of the development of comprehensive eye care systems to address the burden of cataract and other chronic eye diseases. ... In many remote parts of the developing world, people remain blind from cataract, due to a lack of access to eye care. ...
who.int/blindness/causes/priority/en/index1.html

*  Fighting Eye Diseases

Fighting Major Eye Diseases: Lions Clubs International Foundation ... Fighting Eye Diseases. Fighting Eye Diseases. section. *Print. ... targeted and carefully-planned strategies that we can win our fight against the most devastating major eye diseases affecting ... Eye Health Education-quality education is needed to help millions of people who do not realize they have a condition that needs ... Trachoma-a disease that is the leading cause of preventable blindness worldwide and has caused irreversible blindness in ...
lcif.org/EN/our-work/sight/fighting-diseases.php

*  Diabetic Eye Disease | NIDDK

... and how you can prevent eye disease-or keep it from getting worse. ... Learn about diabetes and eye disease; symptoms, warning signs, and treatments; ... Diabetic Eye Disease. What is diabetic eye disease?. Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems that can affect people ... Most serious diabetic eye diseases begin with blood vessel problems. The four eye diseases that can threaten your sight are ...
https://niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems/diabetic-eye-disease

*  Mutations Linked to Eye Disease - Redorbit

While they have been popular and effective for both heart and eye disease, there are other medications that could do the same ... The discovery has raised fears that medications commonly used to treat both heart disease and glaucoma may trigger the eye ... Although not everyone who has retinitis pigmentosa has a mutation, everyone with the mutation develops the eye disease, which ... disease in even those without the mutation because of similarities in what the mutations and the drugs do to the eyes. ...
redorbit.com/news/health/106139/mutations_linked_to_eye_disease/

*  Thyroid Eye Disease

... is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the eye and surrounding associated with tyroid disease or dysfunction. The most common ... Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the eye and surrounding tissues. It is also recognized in ... General information about Thyroid Eye Disease. *Liaboe CA, Clark TJ, Shriver EM, Carter KD. Thyroid Eye Disease: An ... Thyroid Eye Disease (TED). An Introductory Tutorial and Overview of Disease. Chase A Liaboe, BA; Thomas J Clark, MD; Keith D ...
webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu/eyeforum/tutorials/thyroid-eye-disease/

*  Eye Diseases Increase in Afghanistan - Afghan Doctors - Redorbit

Correspondent] Nur Hospital is the first hospital treating eye diseases in the country. Physicians at this hospital say that ... Officials of the Nur Hospital say around 400 people suffering from eye diseases come to the hospital daily. ... negligence have led to a 10 per cent increase in eye diseases. According to figures given by the Nur Hospital, 40,000 patients ... A young boy lying on bed, in Dari] I am advising all children not to play with glass as it may hit their eyes. ...
redorbit.com/news/health/1521361/eye_diseases_increase_in_afghanistan__afghan_doctors/

*  Medical Definition of Diabetic eye disease

... Diabetic eye disease: 1. A disease of the small blood vessels of the retina of the ... 2. Any eye disease to which diabetes predisposes including not only diabetic retinopathy but also cataracts (clouding of the ... Our Diabetes and Eye Problems Main Article provides a comprehensive look at the who, what, when and how of Diabetes and Eye ... It is recommended that all diabetics have a dilated eye examination at least once a year. ...
medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=39550

*  Is the Hepatitis Vaccine Safe? My Story | What to Expect

The yellowing should go away after the disease runs its course, but the hint of a yellow undertone remained. In fact, a girl in ... My mother battled with my relentless cries as my liver swelled causing jaundice, which made my skin and eyes yellow. ... Aside from the outward effects, the virus caused me to contract other diseases since my immune system was weak. The combination ... and it also reduces their chances of contracting the disease later in life. A big factor in my decision is that my family ...
https://whattoexpect.com/wom/toddler/is-the-hepatitis-vaccine-safe--my-story.aspx

*  Dr. Parikh Shah - Book Appointment, Consult Online, View Fees, Contact Number, Feedbacks | Radiologist in Mumbai

Medical conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, liver and kidney disease or thyroid problems can also ... However, in recent times, the ultra sound has also been associated with the diagnosis of other body parts such as the eyes, ... There are certain signs to identify this disease, which are as follows.. 1. Breast lumps - Lumps are patches of skin that occur ... A breast lump is easily identifiable through the naked eye as it looks different from the surrounding tissues.. 2. Blood ...
https://lybrate.com/mumbai/doctor/dr-parikh-shah-radiologist

Neuro-ophthalmology: Neuro-ophthalmology is an academically-oriented subspecialty that merges the fields of neurology and ophthalmology, often dealing with complex systemic diseases that have manifestations in the visual system. Neuro-ophthalmologists initially complete a residency in either neurology or ophthalmology, then do a fellowship in the complementary field.Guiding Eyes for the Blind: Yorktown Heights, New YorkAge-Related Eye Disease Study: The Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) was a clinical trial sponsored by the National Eye Institute, one of the National Institutes of Health in the United States.A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Trial of High-Dose Supplementation With Vitamins C and E, Beta Carotene, and Zinc for Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Vision Loss.Infiltrative ophthalmopathy: Infiltrative ophthalmopathy is found in Graves disease and resembles exophthalmos, except that the blurry or double vision is acquired because of weakness in the ocular muscles of the eye. In addition, there is no known correlation with the patient's thyroid levels.BlepharitisCongenital cataractBlind People's Association: The Blind People’s Association (BPA) is an organisation in India which promotes comprehensive rehabilitation of persons with all categories of disabilities through education, training, employment, community based rehabilitation, integrated education, research, publications, human resource development and other innovative means.AlachrymaLogMAR chart: A LogMAR chart comprises rows of letters and is used by ophthalmologists and vision scientists to estimate visual acuity. This chart was developed at the National Vision Research Institute of Australia in 1976, and is designed to enable a more accurate estimate of acuity as compared to other charts (e.Operation Eyesight Universal: Operation Eyesight Universal is a Canada-based international development organisation, founded in 1963. It works to prevent avoidable blindness and to cure blindness that is treatable.Autorefractor: An autorefractor or automated refractor is a computer-controlled machine used during an eye examination to provide an objective measurement of a person's refractive error and prescription for glasses or contact lenses. This is achieved by measuring how light is changed as it enters a person's eye.Charles D. Phelps: Charles Dexter Phelps (September 16, 1937 – September 13, 1985) was a prominent American medical doctor, professor, and researcher in the field of ophthalmology. The clinical studies he oversaw contributed to significant advances in the scientific understanding and surgical and pharmacological treatment of glaucoma.Pediatric ophthalmology: Pediatric ophthalmology is a sub-speciality of ophthalmology concerned with eye diseases, visual development, and vision care in children.Eye injuryDiabetic retinopathy: ( )Outline of photography: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to photography:Red reflex: The red reflex refers to the reddish-orange reflection of light from the eye's retina that is observed when using an ophthalmoscope or retinoscope from approximately 30 cm / 1 foot. This examination is usually performed in a dimly lit or dark room.Meibomian gland: The meibomian glands (or tarsal glands) are a special kind of sebaceous gland at the rim of the eyelids inside the tarsal plate, responsible for the supply of meibum, an oily substance that prevents evaporation of the eye's tear film. Meibum prevents tear spillage onto the cheek, trapping tears between the oiled edge and the eyeball, and makes the closed lids airtight.Conjunctiva: The conjunctiva lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the sclera (white part of the eye). It is composed of non-keratinized, stratified columnar epithelium with goblet cells, and also stratified columnar epithelium.Low vision assessment: Low vision is both a subspeciality and a condition. Optometrists and Ophthalmologists after their training may undergo further training in Low vision assessment and management.Artificial tearsExophthalmosXerophthalmiaBlepharochalasisBullous keratopathyKeratoconjunctivitis siccaLandolt CKramers' opacity law: Kramers' opacity law describes the opacity of a medium in terms of the ambient density and temperature, assuming that the opacity is dominated by bound-free absorption (the absorption of light during ionization of a bound electron) or free-free absorption (the absorption of light when scattering a free ion, also called bremsstrahlung).Phillips (1999), p.Retinal regeneration: Retinal regeneration deals with restoring retinal function to vertebrates so impaired.Allergic conjunctivitisDiplopiaSuperior orbital fissure: The superior orbital fissure is a foramen in the skull, although strictly it is more of a cleft, lying between the lesser and greater wings of the sphenoid bone.Purtscher's retinopathy: Purtscher's retinopathy is a disease where part of the eye (retina) is damaged. Usually associated with severe head injuries, it may also occur with other types of trauma, such as long bone fractures, or with several non-traumatic systemic diseases.FluoresceinChemical eye injury: Chemical eye injury or chemical burns to the eye are due to either an acidic or alkali substance getting in the eye. Alkalis are typically worse than acidic burns.Sustainability marketing myopia: Sustainability marketing myopia is a term used in sustainability marketing referring to a distortion stemming from the overlooking of socio-environmental attributes of a sustainable product or service at the expenses of customer benefits and values. The idea of sustainability marketing myopia is rooted into conventional marketing myopia theory, as well as green marketing myopia.Vitreous membrane: The vitreous membrane (or hyaloid membrane or vitreous cortex) is a layer of collagen separating the vitreous humour from the rest of the eye. At least two parts have been identified anatomically.StrabismusList of optometry schools: The following list of optometry schools covers many countries, although the list is not exhaustive. Internationally, optometry as a profession includes different levels of education.Symptoms and signs of Graves' disease: Virtually all the symptoms and signs of Graves' disease result from the direct and indirect effects of hyperthyroidism, with exceptions being Graves' ophthalmopathy, goitre and pretibial myxedema (which are caused by the autoimmune processes of Graves' disease). These clinical manifestations are dramatic and involve virtually every system in the body.Enucleation (surgery): As a general surgical technique, enucleation refers to the surgical removal of a mass without cutting into or dissecting it.Iris dilator muscleOcular albinismDeaf white catKeratoconjunctivitisScanning laser ophthalmoscopyCataract surgeryMonocular estimate method: The monocular estimate method or monocular estimation method is a form of dynamic retinoscopy widely used to objectively measure accommodative response.Tassinari JT.French weapons in the American Civil War: French weapons in the American Civil War had a key role in the conflict and encompassed most of the sectors of weaponry of the American Civil War (1861–1865), from artillery to firearms, submarines and ironclad warships. The effect of French weapons was especially significant in field artillery and infantry.X-linked endothelial corneal dystrophy: X-linked endothelial corneal dystrophy (XECD) is a rare form of corneal dystrophy described first in 2006, based on a 4-generation family of 60 members with 9 affected males and 35 trait carriers, which led to mapping the XECD locus to Xq25. It manifests as severe corneal opacification or clouding, sometimes congenital, in the form of a ground glass, milky corneal tissue, and moon crater-like changes of corneal endothelium.Intraocular pressureLigneous conjunctivitis: Ligneous conjunctivitis is a rare form of chronic conjunctivitis characterized by recurrent, fibrin-rich pseudomembranous lesions of wood-like consistency that develop mainly on the underside of the eyelid (tarsal conjunctiva). It is generally a systemic disease which may involve the periodontal tissue, the upper and lower respiratory tract, kidneys, middle ear, and female genitalia.Hay–Wells syndromeL. V. Prasad Eye InstituteInferior rectus muscle: The inferior rectus muscle is a muscle in the orbit.ConjunctivitisTamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityChorioretinitis: Chorioretinitis is an inflammation of the choroid (thin pigmented vascular coat of the eye) and retina of the eye. It is a form of posterior uveitis.Meridian (perimetry, visual field): Meridian (plural: "meridians") is used in perimetry and in specifying visual fields. According to IPS Perimetry Standards 1978 (2002): "Perimetry is the measurement of [an observer's] visual functions ...RhytidectomyEyebrow: The eyebrow is an area of thick, delicate hairs above the eye that follows the shape of the lower margin of the brow ridges of some mammals. Their main function is hypothesized to prevent sweat, water, and other debris from falling down into the eye socket, but they are also important to human communication and facial expression.XanthophyllChronic superficial keratitisScleritisIntraocular lymphoma: Intraocular lymphoma is a rare malignant form of eye cancer. Intraocular lymphoma may affect the eye secondarily from a metastasis from a non-ocular tumor or may arise within the eye primarily (primary intraocular lymphoma, PIOL).Onchocerca tubingensis: Onchocerca tubingensis is the name of a nematode.The Free Dictionary It was 1974 discovered and published by O.Lens Controller: A Lens Controller is device that controls motorized photographic lens functions such as zoom, focus, and iris or aperture.Kruegle, Herman (2007).Red eye (medicine)Rimless eyeglasses: Rimless eyeglasses, are a type of eyeglasses in which the lenses are mounted directly to the bridge and/or temples. The style is divided into two subtypes: three piece glasses are composed of lenses mounted to a bridge and two separate temple arms, while rimways (also called cortlands) feature a supporting arch that connects the temples to the bridge and provides extra stability for the lenses.Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis: Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis (FHI) is a chronic unilateral uveitis appearing with the triad of heterochromia, predisposition to cataract and glaucoma, and keratitic precipitates on the posterior corneal surface. Patients are often asymptomatic and the disease is often discovered through investigation of the cause of the heterochromia or cataract.William Donald SchaeferX-linked congenital stationary night blindness

(1/1584) Failing firefighters: a survey of causes of death and ill-health retirement in serving firefighters in Strathclyde, Scotland from 1985-94.

During the decade beginning 1 January 1985, 887 full-time firefighters, all male, left the service of Strathclyde Fire Brigade (SFB). There were 17 deaths--compared to 64.4 expected in the Scottish male population aged 15-54 years--giving a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 26, and 488 ill-health retirements (IHR). None of the deaths was attributable to service, the major causes being: myocardial infarction--five, (expected = 17.3; SMR = 29); cancers--three (colon, kidney and lung) (expected = 13.6; SMR = 22); road traffic accidents--two (expected = 4.17; SMR = 48) and suicide--two (expected = 4.9; SMR = 41). Amalgamating the deaths and IHRs showed that the six most common reasons for IHR were musculoskeletal (n = 202, 40%), ocular (n = 61, 12.1%), 'others' (n = 58, 11.5%), injuries (n = 50, 9.9%), heart disease (n = 48, 9.5%) and mental disorders (n = 45, 8.9%). Over 300 IHRs (over 60%) occurred after 20 or more years service. When the IHRs were subdivided into two quinquennia, there were 203 and 302 in each period. Mean length of service during each quinquennium was 19.4 vs. 21.3 years (p = 0.003) and median length was 21 years in both periods; interquartile range was 12-26 years in the first and 17-27 years in the second period (p = 0.002), but when further broken down into diagnostic categories, the differences were not statistically significant, with the exception of means of IHRs attributed to mental disorders (14.5 vs. 19 years, p = 0.03).  (+info)

(2/1584) Dose-loading with hydroxychloroquine improves the rate of response in early, active rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized, double-blind six-week trial with eighteen-week extension.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usefulness of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) dose-loading to increase the percentage of responders or rate of response in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Two hundred twelve patients with early RA (mean duration 1.5 years) were enrolled in a 24-week trial. Patients were stabilized with 1,000 mg naproxen/day and then began a 6-week, double-blind trial comparing treatment with HCQ at 400 mg/day (n = 71), 800 mg/day (n = 71), and 1,200 mg/day (n = 66), followed by 18 weeks of open-label HCQ treatment at 400 mg/day. RESULTS: All patients had mild, active disease at the time of initiation of HCQ treatment (31-43% rheumatoid factor positive; no previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs; mean swollen joint count 8.6-10.4). Based on the Paulus criteria, response during the 6-week double-blind portion of the study was 47.97%, 57.7%, and 63.6% in the 400 mg/day, 800 mg/day, and 1,200 mg/day groups, respectively (P = 0.052). Discontinuations for adverse events were dose related (3 in the 400 mg/day group, 5 in the 800 mg/day group, 6 in the 1,200 mg/day group). Most involved the gastrointestinal (GI) system, with the background naproxen treatment possibly contributing. Ocular abnormalities occurred in 17 of 212 patients (8%) but were not dose related. CONCLUSION: Dose-loading with HCQ increased the degree of response at 6 weeks in this group of patients with early, predominantly seronegative RA. Adverse GI events were dose related, while adverse ocular events were not.  (+info)

(3/1584) Histologic analysis of photochemical lesions produced in rhesus retina by short-wave-length light.

The photopathology of retinal lesions produced by extended exposure (1000 sec) to low corneal power levels (62 microW) of blue light (441 nm) was investigated by light microscopy in 20 rhesus eyes over an interval ranging from 1 hr to 90 days after exposure. Results indicate a nonthermal type of photochemical lesion originating in the retinal pigment epithelium and leading to a histological response with hypopigmentation which requires 48 hr to appear. This type of lesion helps to explain solar retinitis and eclipse blindness and has significance for aging and degenerative changes in the retina.  (+info)

(4/1584) Disrupted retinal development in the embryonic belly spot and tail mutant mouse.

The Belly spot and tail (Bst) semidominant mutation, mapped to mouse Chromosome 16, leads to developmental defects of the eye, skeleton, and coat pigmentation. In the eye, the mutant phenotype is characterized by the presence of retinal colobomas, a paucity of retinal ganglion cells, and axon misrouting. The severity of defects in the Bst/+ retina is variable among individuals and is often asymmetric. In order to determine the role of the Bst locus during retinal morphogenesis, we searched for the earliest observable defects in the developing eye. We examined the retinas of Bst/+ and +/+ littermates from embryonic day 9.5 (E9.5) through E13.5 and measured retinal size, cell density, cell death, mitotic index, and cell birth index. We have found that development of the Bst/+ retina is notably dilatory by as early as E10.5. The affected retinas are smaller than their wildtype counterparts, and optic fissure fusion is delayed. In the mutant, there is a marked lag in the exit of retinal cells from the mitotic cycle, even though there are no observable differences in the rate of cellular proliferation or cell death between the two groups. We hypothesize that Bst regulates retinal cell differentiation and that variability of structural defects in the mutant, such as those affecting optic fissure fusion, is a reflection of the extent of developmental delay brought about by the Bst mutation.  (+info)

(5/1584) Vitrectomy in 125 eyes with diabetic vitreous haemorrhage.

A total of 125 consecutive eyes, all registered blind with diabetic vitreous haemorrhage, underwent pars plana vitrectomy with the vitrophage. Sixty-six per cent experienced some improvement in their visual acuity; 24 per cent were unchanged and 10 per cent were worse postoperatively. The major surgical complication was controllable haemorrhage (23 per cent). No retinal dialysis occurred. Significant postoperative complications were transient (71 per cent) and persistent (11 per cent) corneal oedema, early (8 per cent) and late (13 per cent) vitreous haemorrhage, transient (30 per cent) and persistent (6 per cent) rise in intraocular pressure, and rubeosis iridis (5 per cent).  (+info)

(6/1584) Perifoveal vascular leakage and macular oedema after intracapsular cataract extraction.

Perifoveal capillary leakage of fluorescein was demonstrated in 60 per cent of 50 eyes when angiography was performed two weeks after cataract extraction. Repeat angiography six weeks postoperatively in 17 eyes demonstrated persistence of already established leakage in 11 of 12 eyes and no new leakage in five eyes previously negative. Cystoid macular oedema with visual acuity of less than 20/40 six weeks postoperatively occurred in five eyes (10 per cent). Eyes of patients with vascular disease and those patients of 60 years or older were found to have altered vascular permeability significantly more frequently. Inflammation was no more severe or prevalent in those patients who demonstrated leakage and no inflammation was clinically apparent in 10 of 11 eyes demonstrating dye leakage six weeks postoperatively. We conclude that the constitutional factors of age and vascular disease are of prime importance in causing altered vascular permeability in the early postoperative period after cataract extraction; factors causing sustained leakage with reduction of visual acuity were not demonstrated.  (+info)

(7/1584) A prospective study of xenon arc photocoagulation for central retinal vein occlusion.

Twenty patients with central retinal vein occlusion were randomly divided into two groups in a prospective study to evaluate the effects of xenon are photocoagulation in central retinal vein occlusion. The patients in one group were treated with 360 degrees scatter xenon photocoagulation and the others received no treatment. The average follow-up was 18 months. There were no cases of rubeosis or neovascular glaucoma in the treated group. Two patients in the untreated group developed rubeosis with subsequent neovascular glaucoma. There was no significant difference in the visual prognosis or in fundus neovascularization between the groups.  (+info)

(8/1584) Comparison of PCR, virus isolation, and indirect fluorescent antibody staining in the detection of naturally occurring feline herpesvirus infections.

Cats with clinical signs suggestive of ocular infection with feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV 1) and cats without such signs were assayed by 3 methods to detect FHV. Comparison of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), virus isolation, and indirect fluorescent antibody staining techniques for the detection of FHV demonstrated higher sensitivity of PCR in detecting this common infectious agent of cats. Compared with PCR, sensitivity and specificity for virus isolation was 49% and 100%, respectively, and those of indirect immunofluorescence were 29% and 96%, respectively. FHV was detected in 13.7% of client-owned cats with conjunctivitis and in 31% of shelter cats with no ocular signs. The use of FHV PCR as a diagnostic test for FHV-associated disease is limited because of the occurrence of healthy carriers.  (+info)



blepharitis


  • This week I want to talk to you about a very common eye condition called Blepharitis. (healthcare4all.co.uk)
  • Symptoms of blepharitis include redness and irritation of the eyelids or the eye itself, crusty deposits on the eyelids, and watery eye. (mses2020.com)
  • Certain drugs, such as anti-depressants or blood-pressure-lowering tablets may cause sore eyes, so if you are taking these and are suffering from blepharitis, you should tell your doctor and get your doctor's advice. (healthynet.biz)
  • If you think you may have blepharitis, your eye doctor can determine the cause and recommend the right combination of treatment specifically for you. (williamseye.com)
  • Several diseases and conditions can cause blepharitis. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Because blepharitis can affect the amount of lubrication in your eyes, wearing contact lenses may be uncomfortable. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Blepharitis can lead to recurrent bouts of pink eye (conjunctivitis). (mayoclinic.org)
  • If your doctor suspects you may have an eyelid problem, such as blepharitis, you may be referred to an eye specialist (optometrist or ophthalmologist). (mayoclinic.org)
  • Blepharitis (Latin blepharitis) - big group of various diseases of the eyes which are followed by a chronic inflammation of the edges a century and difficult giving in to treatment. (medicalmed.de)
  • Blepharitis - one of the most frequent is also long the current diseases of eyes at which inflammatory process develops in the ciliary regions a century. (medicalmed.de)
  • The acute allergic blepharitis arises suddenly: the century, dacryagogue , a mucous discharge, gripes in eyes, an itch a century, a photophobia swelled. (medicalmed.de)
  • The medicinal blepharitis most often develops at prolonged use of eye drops and ointments, but can arise also at introduction of drugs inside. (medicalmed.de)
  • B. angularis - a blepharitis with dominance of the inflammatory phenomena in the field of corners of eyes. (medicalmed.de)

eyelids


  • It removes impurities, stains, make-up and dried secretions from eyelids and the base of eyelashes without causing any irritation of the eye or surrounding skin. (healthcare4all.co.uk)
  • If your eyelids become inflamed, refrain from any kind of eye makeup or contact lenses. (healthynet.biz)
  • Being careful to avoid getting shampoo in your eye, scrub back and forth along the eyelashes of all eyelids, and then rinse with plain tap water. (williamseye.com)

thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy


  • Thyroid eye disease is known by many other terms, including TED, infiltrative thyroid ophthalmopathy, Graves' eye disease, Grave's ophthalmopathy, thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), and von Basedow's ophthalmopathy. (dmoztools.net)

eyelashes


  • Develops at the diseases connected with follicles of eyelashes and glands. (medicalmed.de)
  • The disease of reddening, swelling of skin a century, an itch, a thickening a century begins, loss of eyelashes. (medicalmed.de)

eyelid


  • More severe cases may require antibiotics that are either applied to the eye or eyelid directly, or taken as tablets. (healthcare4all.co.uk)
  • Treatment of dry eye may include certain over-the-counter eyedrops, eyelid hygiene methods, prescription eyedrops including mild steroids, dissolving tear implants, and punctal plugs. (simoneye.com)

itchy


  • Do you suffer from Dry, Sore, itchy eyes that burn or feel like they have grit in them? (healthcare4all.co.uk)
  • As we approach mid May, grass pollen season will start and if you get seasonal allergies you could be suffering with red, itchy swollen and dry eyes. (healthcare4all.co.uk)

ocular surface


  • What is Dry Eye Syndrome Any A multifactorial condition that disease reduces of the the tears and production, ocular surface alters that the results composition, in symptoms or impedes of discomfort, the distribution visual disturbance, of the preocular and tear tear film instability film (POTF) with may potential cause a damage noticeable to degradation the ocular surface. (docplayer.net)

suffering from dry eye synd


  • If you believe you are suffering from dry eye syndrome, make an appointment with Simon Eye Associates today. (simoneye.com)

disorders


  • Natural ingredients are included such as vitamin A, carotenoid complex and lutein, all of which are well-known for their benefits for all eye disorders. (healthynet.biz)
  • 4 CVS-related Dry Eye Problems Systemic Medications When gazing at eye height, rather than at normal reading angle, computer users blink less and their tears evaporate faster -Tsubota and Nakamore, 1993 Anti-histamines- for allergies and stomach disorders Psychotropic drugs- Prozac, Valium, Lithium, etc. (docplayer.net)
  • Thyroid eye disease may be associated with other autoimmune disorders such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis. (dmoztools.net)

autoimmune


  • People who suffer from autoimmune diseases have high likelihood of having dry eye syndrome. (drthindhomeopathy.com)

Syndrome


  • Dry Eye Syndrome. (docplayer.net)
  • DRY EYE DISEASE Dry Eye Syndrome Dysfunctional Tear Syndrome (DEWS, 2007) Dry Eye Population Estimated between million in U.S. About 20-40% of adult population Increasing every year 75% of Americans over 65 years old have DES. (docplayer.net)
  • 3 Environment Age/Gender LASIK Lid Abnormality Computer Vision Syndrome Systemic Medications Chronic Diseases Contact Lens Environment Air conditioning/heating Smoke Airplanes Geography Computer-based offices Hormones Age/Gender Androgen receptors are in the lacrimal glands. (docplayer.net)
  • Cardiac disease Chronic Diseases Sjögrens Syndrome-.5% of population Lupus Rheumatoid Arthritis Grave s Disease Sarcoid Disease 5th Nerve Disease- reduced sensitivity Contact Lenses Makes existing condition worse Soft vs. RGP Fitting concerns Material effects- dry eye or dry lens? (docplayer.net)
  • Dry eye syndrome also known as keratoconjuctivitis sicca (KCS) or keratitis sicca or xeropthalmia is an eye disease caused by dryness of eye which in turn is caused by either decrease in production of tear or due to increased evaporation of tear. (drthindhomeopathy.com)
  • Dry eye syndrome is more common in women because of hormonal changes that occur in pregnancy, menstruation and menopause leading to decreased production of tear. (drthindhomeopathy.com)
  • The prognosis of dry eye syndrome varies with severity of condition. (drthindhomeopathy.com)
  • Dry eye syndrome can be treated symptomatically with lubricants, providing good relief of symptoms. (drthindhomeopathy.com)
  • Treatment of dry eye syndrome with orally administered CF101: data from a phase 2 clinical trial. (omicsonline.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the safety and efficacy of CF101, an A(3) adenosine receptor agonist, in patients with moderate to severe dry eye syndrome. (omicsonline.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS: CF101, given orally, induced a statistically significant improvement in the corneal staining and an improvement in the BUT and TM in patients with moderate to severe dry eye syndrome. (omicsonline.org)
  • These data and the anti-inflammatory characteristic of CF101 support further study of the drug as a potential treatment for the signs and symptoms of dry eye syndrome. (omicsonline.org)
  • Dry eye syndrome, also known as keratitis sicca, is a condition in which there are insufficient tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. (simoneye.com)

irritate


  • It is made using a micelle formulation which ensures it is free from alcohol, detergents, and preservatives which can irritate the eyes. (healthcare4all.co.uk)
  • This can irritate your eyes and cause symptoms of dry eyes or excess tearing. (mayoclinic.org)

discharge


  • In the afternoon the feeling of gripes, a caustic, sticky discharge, insuperable desire to scratch, wipe eyes disturbs. (medicalmed.de)

glaucoma


  • If you are familiar with the symptoms mentioned above, your eyes should be checked for other complications such as glaucoma. (healthynet.biz)

irritation


  • of vision It is and accompanied irritation to by the structures increased osmolarity of the front of surface the tear of film the and eye. (docplayer.net)

Treatments


  • 5 Traditional Treatments for Dry Eyes Artificial Tears Punctal Plugs Lipid Layer Enhancement Tear Quality Enhancement Epithelial Surface Treatment -76% of patients rated their conditions as the same or worse compared with the previous year despite treatment. (docplayer.net)

symptoms of dry


  • Hycosan Original (0.1% Sodium Hyaluronate) is a sterile preservative free eye drop which is ideal for mild to moderate symptoms of Dry Eye. (healthcare4all.co.uk)

drops


  • For a 7.5ml bottle this equates to at least 225 drops per bottle or for a patient using it 3 times daily in both eyes, a 5+ week supply. (healthcare4all.co.uk)
  • Uniquely, such high quality Sodium Hyaluronate, also allows this viscous, long lasting drop to cause no blurring of vision, which is a common problem with many viscous eye drops. (healthcare4all.co.uk)
  • In some cases, your doctor may prescribe eye drops or ointment to be used along with the daily cleansing regimen. (williamseye.com)
  • A majority of adults who use OTC drops to manage symptoms say it is not at all successful 69% of US adults who experience dry eye have not visited an eyecare professional. (docplayer.net)

glands


  • You can do this by U sing a warm compress - to make the oil produced by the glands around your eyes more runny. (healthcare4all.co.uk)

Contact Lens


Chronic


Tears


  • Tears are necessary for maintaining the health of the front surface of the eye and for providing clear vision. (simoneye.com)
  • People with dry eyes either do not produce enough tears, or have a poor quality of tears. (simoneye.com)

severity


  • Aim: To compare retinal and peripapillary RNFL thickness values in TAO patients with those of normal subjects and to assess the correlation between the severity of the orbital disease and the changes observed in macular and RNFL thickness. (arvojournals.org)
  • There was also a correlation between the above-mentioned changes in RNFL thickness and the clinical severity of the orbital disease. (arvojournals.org)
  • Eyes of patients with TAO have a thinner macula and a thicker peripapillary RNFL compared to healthy controls, as demonstrated by OCT. There is also a correlation between the clinical severity of the disease and these changes on imaging. (arvojournals.org)

complications


  • Featuring a removable cover to ensure hygiene, The Eye Doctor is your ideal partner for treating Dry Eye Disease, related symptoms and complications…naturally. (healthcare4all.co.uk)

clinical


  • The clinical features and treatment for this condition also known as thyroid eye disease (TED) or Graves' opthalmopathy (GO). (dmoztools.net)

exam


  • Diagnosis is typically made with an eye exam, although additional tests, such as bacterial cultures, can sometimes be helpful. (mses2020.com)
  • Dr. Tara Yerkes was thorough and provided me the best experience for an eye exam. (simoneye.com)

excess


insufficient


  • Aqueous tear deficiency (ATD) is the most common cause of dry eye and due to insufficient tear production. (drthindhomeopathy.com)

treatment


  • You doctor will perform a complete eye examination to determine the most effective treatment. (williamseye.com)

bacterial


  • The objective of this study was to describe bacterial etiologies of external ocular infections and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in patients attending eye clinic of Hawassa University Referral Hospital, from December 2012 to April 2013. (omicsonline.org)

vision


  • Advanced dry eyes may damage the front surface of the eye and impair vision. (simoneye.com)

adults


  • 2 Number of Americans Age 65+ (in millions) Dry Eye Population 48% of adults experience one or more dry eye symptoms regularly. (docplayer.net)

patients


  • The inner macula was significantly thinner (270.4±17.27 μm) in 40 eyes of 21 patients compared to 281.79±15.2 μm in 63 eyes of the 41 controls (p=0.001). (arvojournals.org)

worse


  • In most cases both eyes are affected, but often one eye is worse and generally its worse in the morning. (healthcare4all.co.uk)

drugs


turn


  • Your eyes are sensitive structures that may easily turn red after they've been rubbed for some time. (simoneye.com)

Important


  • Allergan, Inc. online survey March 4-8, 2011 Why is Dry Eye Important for Optometric Practices? (docplayer.net)

experience


  • 52% of women experience one or more dry eye symptoms regularly. (docplayer.net)

Usually