Ethicists: Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Ethics Consultation: Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.Ethical Analysis: The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Ethics, Clinical: The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Medical Futility: The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)Ethics Committees, Clinical: Hospital or other institutional ethics committees established to consider the ethical dimensions of patient care. Distinguish from ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH, which are established to monitor the welfare of patients or healthy volunteers participating in research studies.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Bioethics: A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.Judaism: The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)Euthanasia: The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)Bioethical Issues: Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.Social Values: Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.Withholding Treatment: Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.

*  The Ethicist | The Times & The Sunday Times

Our backyard bird feeder predates our cat, which has turned out to be quite a hunter. Once in a while he will kill or trap birds; he often brings them alive into the house and we have rescued quite a few. Is it inhumane to fill a birdfeeder when the possibility of attack may occur?. It is inhumane to use a feeder as a snackbar for cats, luring songbirds to their doom. John Bianchi, a spokesman for the Audubon Society in the US, notes that: "Domestic cats are not wild animals. They were bred to hunt and kill even when they are not hungry, to protect granaries." He adds that "a cat will stay near the feeder all day and kill five or six birds". ...
https://thetimes.co.uk/article/the-ethicist-sdhq69b5r0x

*  Killing Newborn Babies No Different To Abortion, Say Medical Ethicists | HuffPost UK

A medical journal has called for the acceptance of 'after-birth abortion' (killing a newborn baby), causing outrage among pro-life campaigners and raisin...
huffingtonpost.co.uk/2012/02/29/medical-ethicists-propose-after-birth-abortion-law_n_1309985.html?ref=mostpopular

*  Ethics and the Science of Animal Minds | SpringerLink

Ethicists have commonly appealed to science to bolster their arguments for elevating the moral status of nonhuman animals. I ... I argue that more clarity about the role of appeals to science by applied ethicists leads to questions about the effectiveness ... and argue that both of them present challenges to ethicists seeking a firm scientific basis for their claims about the moral ... and those to which ethicists typically appeal in their arguments. I will describe two different ways of diminishing the ...
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11017-006-9011-z

*  Ethicist: Clinton Foundation Transition Plan Too Slow

... is just too deliberate and slow for ethicists like Richard Painter, who served in the George W. Bush administration. ... is just too deliberate and slow for ethicists like Richard Painter, who served in the George W. Bush administration. ... is just too deliberate and slow for ethicists like Richard Painter, who served in the George W. Bush administration. ...
newsmax.com/politics/ethicist-clinton-foundation-transition/2016/08/25/id/745240/

*  Advantage Health Medical Ethicists in McKinney, TX: Book Appointments Online - ZocDoc

Medical Ethicists in McKinney, TX that take Advantage Health , See Reviews and Book Online Instantly. It's free! All ... Zocdoc › Find a Medical Ethicist › Texas › Dallas Medical Ethicists › McKinney Medical Ethicists › Advantage Health ... Medical Ethicists and other providers in Mckinney, TX, 75069 , Advantage Health - Advantage Medicare PPO - All PPO Plans ...
https://zocdoc.com/medical-ethics/mckinney-211359pm/advantage-health-455m

*  Medical Ethicists that speak Xhosa : Doctors by Language - Zocdoc

Find Xhosa speaking Medical Ethicists, See Reviews and Book Online Instantly. It's free! All appointment times are guaranteed ...
https://zocdoc.com/languages/xhosa-129/medical-ethics-354

*  Atheist Ethicist: Talk to the Kids

If you share my interest in making the world better than it would otherwise be -- making the future better than it would otherwise be -- here is one of the most important things you can do:. Speak to the kids.. Many rationalists, materialists, evidentialist, secular, scientist types that I know say that they do not like to express their views in front of (other peoples') children. The consequence of this is that those children grow up undereducated in how to base their conclusions on evidence, and why it is useful to do so. These are the children who will grow up to become victims of whatever con men can take advantage of their untrained will to believe.. In fact, I know many who refuse even to speak to their own children about such things. "I am going to let my children make up their own mind.". Based on what?. However, the act of "making up one's own mind" requires information. You can rest assured that, in this society, every child will get a large dose of information on the irrational and ...
atheistethicist.blogspot.com/2006/08/talk-to-kids.html?showComment=1158580500000

*  Ask the Ethicist

...
aps.org/publications/apsnews/features/ethicist.cfm

*  The Jewish Ethicist: Complicity

The Jewish Ethicist presents some general principles of Jewish law. For specific questions and direct application, please ... The Jewish Ethicist: Complicity. There is no excuse to take part in fraud, even if you're not the instigator.. by Rabbi Dr. ... The Jewish Ethicist: Giving Notice. Do I have any duty to stay on until my boss finds someone else? ...
aish.com/ci/be/48971936.html

*  The Jewish Ethicist: Pharaoh's Tax

... Taxes need to have both substantive and procedural fairness.. by Rabbi Dr. Asher Meir, ... The Jewish Ethicist: Giving Notice. Do I have any duty to stay on until my boss finds someone else? ...
aish.com/ci/be/The_Jewish_Ethicist_Pharaohs_Tax.html?s=rab

*  The Jewish Ethicist: Settling Up

The Jewish Ethicist presents some general principles of Jewish law. For specific questions and direct application, please ... The Jewish Ethicist: Seeking Lost Owner, Part 2. by Rabbi Dr. Asher Meir, Business Ethics Center of Jerusalem You have to keep ... The Jewish Ethicist: Seeking Lost Owner. by Rabbi Dr. Asher Meir, Business Ethics Center of Jerusalem Lost object? Seek a forum ... The Jewish Ethicist: Where Credit is Due. by Rabbi Dr. Asher Meir, Business Ethics Center of Jerusalem Should I give ...
aish.com/ci/be/48906687.html

*  The Jewish Ethicist - Pay Up!

The Jewish Ethicist presents some general principles of Jewish law. For specific questions and direct application, please ... The Jewish Ethicist - Pay Up!. Avoid gratuitously harassing an indigent debtor.. by Rabbi Dr. Asher Meir, Business Ethics ... The Jewish Ethicist: Giving Notice. Do I have any duty to stay on until my boss finds someone else? ...
aish.com/ci/be/48948991.html?s=raw

*  The Jewish Ethicist: Reluctant Recipient

... Only truly needy people should accept charity.. by Rabbi Dr. Asher Meir, Business ... The Jewish Ethicist: Giving Notice. Do I have any duty to stay on until my boss finds someone else? ...
aish.com/ci/be/79483427.html?s=raw

*  The Jewish Ethicist - Sincere Apologies

The Jewish Ethicist presents some general principles of Jewish law. For specific questions and direct application, please ... The Jewish Ethicist - Sincere Apologies. My friend has unjustified resentment towards me. What should I do?. by Rabbi Dr. Asher ... The Jewish Ethicist: Giving Notice. Do I have any duty to stay on until my boss finds someone else? ...
aish.com/ci/be/48942851.html?s=rab

*  The Jewish Ethicist: Rent Controls

The Jewish Ethicist presents some general principles of Jewish law. For specific questions and direct application, please ... The Jewish Ethicist: Rent Controls. How much can the bull market bear?. by Rabbi Dr. Asher Meir, Business Ethics Center of ... The Jewish Ethicist is a joint project of Aish.com and the Business Ethics Center of Jerusalem. To find out more about business ... The Jewish Ethicist: Giving Notice. Do I have any duty to stay on until my boss finds someone else? ...
aish.com/ci/be/48882512.html

*  The Jewish Ethicist

... , NOW IN BOOK FORM. You've enjoyed his columns on JWR for years. Now the Jewish Ethicist has culled his most ... 2005, The Jewish Ethicist is produced by the JCT Center for Business Ethics ...
jewishworldreview.com/jewish/ethicist_defrauding_insurance.php3

*  The Jewish Ethicist - Is It Charity?

The Jewish Ethicist presents some general principles of Jewish law. For specific questions and direct application, please ... The Jewish Ethicist - Is It Charity?. Kindness to others shouldn't be limited to the poor and needy.. by Rabbi Dr. Asher Meir, ... The Jewish Ethicist: Giving Notice. Do I have any duty to stay on until my boss finds someone else? ...
aish.com/ci/be/48949551.html?s=rab

*  IT, Telecom and Consumer Electronics Industries Must Create Ethicists Positions

It is time for the telecom and IT industries to create ethicist positions. ... IT, Telecom and Consumer Electronics Industries Must Create Ethicists Positions. Carl Weinschenk , Data and Telecom , Posted 06 ... The advent of cloning and other mind-boggling technologies has elevated the status of medical ethicists. It is time for the ...
https://itbusinessedge.com/blogs/data-and-telecom/it-telecom-and-consumer-electronics-industries-must-create-ethicists-positions.html

*  Ethicists advise caution in applying CRISPR gene editing to humans - The Washington Post

For some ethicists, that represents a slippery slope. At the conclusion of a gene-editing summit in Washington at the National ... Ethicists have been working overtime to figure out how to handle CRISPR, the revolutionary gene-editing technique that could ...
https://washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2017/02/14/ethicists-advise-caution-in-applying-crispr-gene-editing-to-humans/?utm_term=.e3a9f584d015

*  Medical Ethicists Urge Caution in Teaching High-Value Care - 12/13/2016

HopkinsMedicine medical ethicists urge caution in teaching high-value care. - Click to Tweet ... Medical Ethicists Urge Caution in Teaching High-Value Care - 12/13/2016. ...
hopkinsmedicine.org/news/media/releases/medical_ethicists_urge_caution_in_teaching_high_value_care

Dignitas Personae: Dignitas Personae is the title of a 2008 instruction by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith giving doctrinal directives on certain embryonic ethical controversies that had emerged since 1987, after Donum Vitae was released.Research ethics consultation: Analogous to clinical ethics consultation, Research Ethics Consultation (REC) describes a formal way for researchers to solicit and receive expert ethical guidance related to biomedical research. The first REC service was established at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center in 1997.Mark Siegler: Mark Siegler (born June 20, 1941) is an American physician who specializes in internal medicine. He is the Lindy Bergman Distinguished Service Professor of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Chicago.Morality and religion: Morality and religion is the relationship between religious views and morals. Many religions have value frameworks regarding personal behavior meant to guide adherents in determining between right and wrong.University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics: The University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, or JCB, is an academic research centre located on the downtown campus of the University of Toronto in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The Joint Centre for Bioethics is a partnership between the University and 15 affiliated health care organizations in the Greater Toronto Area.Ritual washing in JudaismVoluntary euthanasia: Voluntary euthanasia is the practice of ending a life in a painless manner. Voluntary euthanasia (VE) and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) have been the focus of great controversy in recent years.Regulation of science: The regulation of science refers to use of law, or other ruling, by academic or governmental bodies to allow or restrict science from performing certain practices, or researching certain scientific areas. It is a bioethical issue related to other practices such as abortion and euthanasia; and areas of research such as stem-cell research and cloning synthetic biology.Swadeshi Jagaran Manch: The Swadeshi Jagaran Manch or SJM is an economic wing of Sangh Parivar that again took the tool of Swadeshi advocated in India before its independence to destabilize the British Empire. SJM took to the promotion of Swadeshi (indigenous) industries and culture as a dote against LPG.Hoya Corporation: TOPIX 100 ComponentThe Final Decision: The Final Decision is an episode from season 1 of the animated TV series X-Men Animated Series.

(1/71) In defence of medical ethics.

A number of recent publications by the philosopher David Seedhouse are discussed. Although medicine is an eminently ethical enterprise, the technical and ethical aspects of health care practices can be distinguished, therefore justifying the existence of medical ethics and its teaching as a specific part of every medical curriculum. The goal of teaching medical ethics is to make health care practitioners aware of the essential ethical aspects of their work. Furthermore, the contention that rational bioethics is a fruitless enterprise because it analyses non-rational social events seems neither theoretically tenable nor to be borne out by actual practice. Medical ethics in particular and bioethics in general, constitute a field of expertise that must make itself understandable and convincing to relevant audiences in health care.  (+info)

(2/71) Camouflage is no defence--a response to Kottow.

The author responds to Professor Kottow's criticisms, explaining numerous errors and misconceptions.  (+info)

(3/71) Power and the teaching of medical ethics.

This paper argues that ethics education needs to become more reflective about its social and political ethic as it participates in the construction and transmission of medical ethics. It argues for a critical approach to medical ethics and explores the political context in medical schools and some of the peculiar problems in medical ethics education.  (+info)

(4/71) Ethics consultation on demand: concepts, practical experiences and a case study.

Despite the increasing interest in clinical ethics, ethics consultation as a professional service is still rare in Europe. In this paper I refer to examples in the United States. In Germany, university hospitals and medical faculties are still hesitant about establishing yet another "committee". One of the reasons for this hesitation lies in the ignorance that exists here about how to provide medical ethics services; another reason is that medical ethics itself is not yet institutionalised at many German universities. The most important obstacle, however, may be that medical ethics has not yet demonstrated its relevance to the needs of those caring for patients. The Centre for Ethics and Law, Freiburg, has therefore taken a different approach from that offered elsewhere: clinical ethics consultation is offered on demand, the consultation being available to clinician(s) in different forms. This paper describes our experiences with this approach; practical issues are illustrated by a case study.  (+info)

(5/71) Are medical ethicists out of touch? Practitioner attitudes in the US and UK towards decisions at the end of life.

OBJECTIVES: To assess whether UK and US health care professionals share the views of medical ethicists about medical futility, withdrawing/withholding treatment, ordinary/extraordinary interventions, and the doctrine of double effect. DESIGN, SUBJECTS AND SETTING: A 138-item attitudinal questionnaire completed by 469 UK nurses studying the Open University course on "Death and Dying" was compared with a similar questionnaire administered to 759 US nurses and 687 US doctors taking the Hastings Center course on "Decisions near the End of Life". RESULTS: Practitioners accept the relevance of concepts widely disparaged by bioethicists: double effect, medical futility, and the distinctions between heroic/ordinary interventions and withholding/withdrawing treatment. Within the UK nurses' group a "rationalist" axis of respondents who describe themselves as having "no religion" are closer to the bioethics consensus on withholding and withdrawing treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Professionals' beliefs differ substantially from the recommendations of their professional bodies and from majority opinion in bioethics. Bioethicists should be cautious about assuming that their opinions will be readily accepted by practitioners.  (+info)

(6/71) Clinical ethics support services in the UK: an investigation of the current provision of ethics support to health professionals in the UK.

OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe the current state of clinical ethics support services in the UK. DESIGN: A series of questionnaire surveys of key individuals in National Health Service (NHS) trusts, health authorities, health boards, local research ethics committees and health professional organisations. Interviews with chairmen/women of clinical ethics committees identified in the surveys. SETTING: The UK National Health Service. RESULTS: Responses to the questionnaires were received from all but one NHS trust and all but one health authority/board. A variety of models of clinical ethics support were identified including twenty formal clinical ethics committees (CECs). A further twenty NHS trusts expressed an intention to establish a CEC within the next twelve months. Most CECs in the UK have been in existence less than five years and are still defining their role. The chairmen identified education of committee members and contact with other ethics committees as important requirements for committee development. Problems were identified around lack of support for the committee and with raising the profile of the committee within the institution. There has been little evaluation of clinical ethics support services either in the UK or in other countries with longer established services. What evaluation has occurred has focused on process rather than outcome measures. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical ethics support services are developing in the UK. A number of issues have been identified that need to be addressed if such support services are to develop effectively.  (+info)

(7/71) The Freiburg approach to ethics consultation: process, outcome and competencies.

The paper describes how ethics consultation can be valuable to health professionals, patients and their families in understanding and evaluating ethical values and their consequences in a particular situation. Ethics consultation as it is practised at the university hospital of Freiburg is a special professional service offered by members of an academic institution. The practical approach and the goals are illustrated by a case study showing the difficulties of deciding about the limitation of intensive care medicine after heart surgery in the setting of maximum treatment. Here, the ethics consultation was initiated by the relatives of the patient who wanted a decision to withhold further life-sustaining treatment. Following the experiences in Freiburg, it is concluded that clinical ethicists have to cover a variety of relevant fields of knowledge, need special analytical skills, and should have professional competence in counselling, including conflict mediation or crisis intervention.  (+info)

(8/71) What triggers requests for ethics consultations?

OBJECTIVES: While clinical practice is complicated by many ethical dilemmas, clinicians do not often request ethics consultations. We therefore investigated what triggers clinicians' requests for ethics consultation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional telephone survey. SETTING: Internal medicine practices throughout the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Randomly selected physicians practising in internal medicine, oncology and critical care. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Socio-demographic characteristics, training in medicine and ethics, and practice characteristics; types of ethical problems that prompt requests for consultation, and factors triggering consultation requests. RESULTS: One hundred and ninety of 344 responding physicians (55%) reported requesting ethics consultations. Physicians most commonly reported requesting ethics consultations for ethical dilemmas related to end-of-life decision making, patient autonomy issues, and conflict. The most common triggers that led to consultation requests were: 1) wanting help resolving a conflict; 2) wanting assistance interacting with a difficult family, patient, or surrogate; 3) wanting help making a decision or planning care, and 4) emotional triggers. Physicians who were ethnically in the minority, practised in communities under 500,000 population, or who were trained in the US were more likely to request consultations prompted by conflict. CONCLUSIONS: Conflicts and other emotionally charged concerns triggers consultation requests more commonly than other cognitively based concerns. Ethicists need to be prepared to mediate conflicts and handle sometimes difficult emotional situations when consulting. The data suggest that ethics consultants might serve clinicians well by consulting on a more proactive basis to avoid conflicts and by educating clinicians to develop mediation skills.  (+info)



Jewish Ethicist


  • The Jewish Ethicist - Is It Charity? (aish.com)

medical ethicists


  • The advent of cloning and other mind-boggling technologies has elevated the status of medical ethicists. (itbusinessedge.com)
  • HopkinsMedicine medical ethicists urge caution in teaching high-value care. (hopkinsmedicine.org)