Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.TurkeyIndiaNigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Status Epilepticus: A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.

*  APTA to Explore Feasibility of Transitioning PTA Education to Bachelor Degree Level
As it is now, none of the PTA educational curriculum counts towards a PT degree. So for a PTA without a bachelor's degree to ... I would like to know the status of the bachelor's degree option for PTAs as I am interested in going for PTA. Tganks! ... I think it would be wise to leave the basic educational level at an Associate for an entry-level PTA. What would be helpful ... baccalaureate-level educational models for the entry-level PTA that include a description of the required and elective ...
  http://www.apta.org/PTinMotion/NewsNow/2012/6/15/HODRC20/?blogmonth=9&blogday=17&blogyear=2013&blogid=10737418615
*  Socioeconomic factors and effect of evidence-based patient information about primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus -...
A lower socioeconomic status of persons - not only of those with diabetes - as measured by educational status, employment and/ ... Evidence-based patient informationPrevention of Type 2 diabetesSocioeconomic status. Findings. A way of defining the concept of ... We suggest considering the socioeconomic status when evaluating a decision aid, e.g. an EBPI, to ensure its effectiveness not ... We suggest considering the socioeconomic status when evaluating a decision aid, e.g. an EBPI, to ensure its effectiveness not ...
  https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1756-0500-7-541
*  Class Endogamy
More importantly, while racial endogamy rates have generally declined, those for educational status are noticeably increasing. ... Men with a six years of schooling or less were more than ten times as likely to marry wives with an equivalent educational ... Status is, therefore, not strictly inherited and marriages between members of different strata are permissible. However, they ... revealed a strong tendency for people to seek partners with similar educational attainments, especially at the extreme ends of ...
  https://www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/anthropology/tutor/marriage/class_endogamy.html
*  Educational Status and Opinions of Voters Regarding the Social Environment and New Media Tools
... to reveal the opinions of voters regarding the social environment and new media tools with respect to their educational status ... Educational Status and Opinions of Voters Regarding the Social Environment and New Media Tools ... This article belongs to the special issue " Interdisciplinary Research on the Environmental Education, Educational Studies in ... This article has been presented in ICES 2017 - International Conference on Environmental Sciences & Educational Studies. ...
  http://www.ejmste.com/Educational-Status-and-Opinions-of-Voters-Regarding-the-Social-Environment-and-New,79631,0,2.html
*  The effect of educational status on the relationship between obesity and risk of type 2 diabetes - Surrey Research Insight...
Madjid, IS, Backholer, K, Williams, Emily, Magliano, DJ, Shaw, JE and Peeters, A (2014) The effect of educational status on the ... The effect of educational status on the relationship between obesity and risk of type 2 diabetes ... these results suggest that the association between obesity and diabetes risk is independent of educational status. However, ...
  http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/841511/
*  Let's Disrupt the Educational Status Quo!
... "How do we move to a student centric system?" asked Michael Horn on January 14, 2009 ...
  http://durffsblog.blogspot.com/2009/02/lets-disrupt-educational-status-quo.html
*  Socio Economic and Educational Status of Telangana Muslims
... 4 Mar, 2015. in Telangana Government Orders by Pavan ... a) to prepare a comprehensive report on the Social, Educational and Economic status of Muslims in the Telangana State.. (b) ... a) to prepare a comprehensive report on the Social, Educational and Economic status of Muslims in the Telangana State.. (b) ... Home » Telangana Government Orders » Socio Economic and Educational Status of Telangana Muslims ...
  https://www.tgnns.com/goir-telangana-gov-in/socio-economic-and-educational-status-of-telangana-muslims/2015/03/04/
*  Educational Leadership Program | Accreditation Status
Visit MountUnion.edu to learn about the accreditation status for the Masters in Educational Leadership degree. ... Master of Arts in Educational Leadership , Accreditation Status. The University of Mount Union's Master of Arts in Educational ... Home Academics Graduate Programs All Graduate Programs Online Master's in Educational Leadership Accreditation Status ...
  http://www.mountunion.edu/mael-accreditation
*  Chapter 5, Part 3, of Male and Female Perpetrated Partner Abuse: Testing a Diathesis-Stress Model
Educational status. Wave 2 analyses conducted on six levels of educational attainment indicated that 56.9 percent of males and ... Current employment status. Results of Wave 2 data on current employment status are consistent with those found in Wave 1 for ... Marital status. Wave 2 data included an additional response category for this variable (cohabiters). The distribution of Wave 2 ... 51.1 percent of females achieved educational status beyond receipt of a high school diploma. Wave 1 data indicated a similar ...
  http://fathersforlife.org/reena_sommer/reena_sommer_DV_5b.htm
*  Distinction Between Status and Exclusive Educational institutions1636 - LareUnionCreative
... status universities and unbiased educational institutions. Status educational institutions are financed by income tax earnings ... Distinction Between Status and Exclusive Educational institutions1636 November 7th, 2015 lalPalaK Uncategorized ... Self-sufficient educational institutions however, are funded by way of tuition fees and operated by way of a individual board ... 1. Individual Educational institutions get the best specific and trained teachers.. This is among the most important ...
  http://lareunioncreative.net/distinction-between-status-and-exclusive-educational-institutions1636/
*  Neuro Flashcards by AlBatool Ali | Brainscape
Altered mental status Agitation. Irrational believes Sweating. Hyperthermia Vitals instability Tremor Hallucinations Sleep ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/neuro-5626413/packs/8364155
*  Newswise
A new University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) study has investigated how educational status relates to HIV ... Relationship Found Between HIV Risk & Individual AND Community Level Educational Status. University of Pennsylvania School of ... A task force with members from four large university teaching hospitals has developed a framework of educational resources for ... The Johns Hopkins School of Nursing has received three Nurse Support Program (NSP) II grants to fund new educational ...
  http://www.newswise.com/nursing/
*  Nutrition Education for Kids - Need of the Hour
Does Parents' BMI and Educational Status Affect Children's Nutritional Status?. Parents are not only responsible for passing or ... Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should ...
  http://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/nutrition-education-for-kids-need-of-the-hour.htm
*  Student Follow-Up Survey
Your cooperation in completing this study will allow us to better serve our present and future students and provide us with data that will help improve career and technical education programs. Thank you in advance for your participation in this study. (CTEERS Field Manual, 2013 ...
  https://docs.google.com/a/kiel.k12.wi.us/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdMTTpMpZjaOj3uwBlMpJN-Kw0V6ahFRV4u_3R7kR4FSfcBnA/viewform
*  racial disparities • Penn Nursing
Relationship Found Between HIV Risk & Individual AND Community Level Educational Status African-American men who have sex with ... A new University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) study has investigated how educational status relates to HIV ...
  http://www.nursing.upenn.edu/live/tags/racial%20disparities/news
*  Robin C. Stevens • Faculty • Penn Nursing
Relationship Found Between HIV Risk & Individual AND Community Level Educational Status African-American men who have sex with ... A new University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) study has investigated how educational status relates to HIV ... Optimism and education buffer the effects of syndemic factors on HIV status among black men who have sex with men. AIDS and ...
  http://www.nursing.upenn.edu/live/profiles/48-robin-stevens
*  WHO IRIS: Sociodemographic determinants of management behaviour of diabetic patients. Part II. Diabetics' knowledge of the...
Educational Status. Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice. Needs Assessment. Patient Education as Topic. Self Care. ...
  http://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118788
*  WHO IRIS: Predictors of treatment failure among tuberculosis patients under DOTS strategy in Egypt
Educational Status. Family. Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice. Logistic Models. Patient Compliance. Predictive Value of ...
  http://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119322
*  WHO IRIS: Knowledge, perceptions and prevention of malaria among women in Sistan va Baluchestan, Islamic Republic of Iran
Educational Status. Health Behavior. Health Education. Educational Status. Insect Vectors. Women. Subject: Attitude to Health. ... Subsequent health education must be tailored to the educational needs of the target population in this area. ...
  http://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119270
*  Full text of 'The Montessori method and the kindergarten'
7. Educational status of nursing. M. Adelaide Nutting. 10 cts. *No. 8. Peace day. Fannie Fern Andrews. [ Later publication, ... Educational sur%-ey of Montgomery Coimty, Md. tNo. 33. Monthly record of current educational publications, September, 1913. *No ... Monthly record of current educational publications, March, 1913. 5 cts. *No. 11. Monthly record of current educational ... Monthly record of current educational publications, November, 1913. *No, 46. Educational directory, 1913. 15 cts. *No. 47. ...
  http://www.archive.org/stream/montessorimethod00harr/montessorimethod00harr_djvu.txt
*  Daniel O. Schmitt, Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology and Associate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society
Educational Status • Electromyography • Electrophysiology • Employment • Energy Metabolism • European Continental Ancestry ...
  https://fds.duke.edu/db/aas/BAA/faculty%2520all/daniel.schmitt
*  Indmedica - Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Table IV: Association of non-compliance with educational status of patients.. Education. Total No.. Non-compliance. No.. (%). ... Table VI: Association of non-compliance with socio-economic status of patients.. Socio-economic. status. Total No.. Non- ... Study variables: Age, sex, education, occupation, religion, socio-economic status, over crowding, smoking history etc. ...
  http://www.indmedica.com/journals.php?journalid=7&issueid=41&articleid=518&action=article
*  Outcomes in adulthood for children with foetal growth retardation. A linkage study from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT)...
Educational Status. Female. Fetal Growth Retardation / epidemiology*. Gestational Age. Humans. Mental Disorders / epidemiology ... Next Document: Seasonal changes in clinical status in bipolar disorder: a prospective study in 1000 STEP-BD patient.... ... SGA individuals had lower educational level (OR: 1.33), lower socioeconomic functioning level (OR: 1.77) and more frequent ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Outcomes-in-adulthood-children-with/16677227.html
*  Measuring the habitat as an indicator of socioeconomic position: methodology and its association with hypertension.
Educational Status. Female. Health Surveys. Humans. Hypertension / epidemiology, etiology*. Male. Middle Aged. Occupations / ... DESIGN: Population survey measuring SSH, detailed educational and occupational histories, and blood pressure. The SSH is a ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Measuring-habitat-as-indicator-socioeconomic/12646538.html

Relative index of inequality: The relative index of inequality (RII) is a regression-based index which summarizes the magnitude of socio-economic status (SES) as a source of inequalities in health. RII is useful because it takes into account the size of the population and the relative disadvantage experienced by different groups.Addis Ababa Fistula HospitalClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Kocaeli University: The University of Kocaeli (KOU) is a state university in Kocaeli, Turkey. It was founded as the Academy of Engineering and Architecture of Kocaeli in 1976.Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityNigerian Ports Authority: The Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) is a federal government agency that governs and operates the ports of Nigeria. The major ports controlled by the NPA include: the Lagos Port Complex and Tin Can Island Port in Lagos; Calabar Port, Delta Port, Rivers Port at Port Harcourt, and Onne Port.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.African-American family structure: The family structure of African-Americans has long been a matter of national public policy interest.Moynihan's War on Poverty report A 1965 report by Daniel Patrick Moynihan, known as The Moynihan Report, examined the link between black poverty and family structure.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Soo Ik Lee: Soo Ik Lee, MD (died 1995) was a Korean-born American neurologist and a subspecialist in clinical neurophysiology based at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Virginia.

(1/7234) Hygiene behaviour in rural Nicaragua in relation to diarrhoea.

BACKGROUND: Childhood diarrhoea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Nicaragua. Amongst the risk factors for its transmission are 'poor' hygiene practices. We investigated the effect of a large number of hygiene practices on diarrhoeal disease in children aged <2 years and validated the technique of direct observation of hygiene behaviour. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was carried out in a rural zone of Nicaragua. From the database of a previously conducted case-control study on water and sanitation 172 families were recruited, half of which had experienced a higher than expected rate of diarrhoea in their children and the other half a lower rate. Hygiene behaviour was observed over two mornings and diarrhoea incidence was recorded with a calendar, filled out by the mother, and collected every week for 5 months. RESULTS: Of 46 'good' practices studied, 39 were associated with a lower risk of diarrhoea, five were unrelated and only for two a higher risk was observed. Washing of hands, domestic cleanliness (kitchen, living room, yard) and the use of a diaper/underclothes by the child had the strongest protective effect. Schooling (>3 years of primary school) and better economic position (possession of a radio) had a positive influence on general hygiene behaviour, education having a slightly stronger effect when a radio was present. Individual hygiene behaviour appeared to be highly variable in contrast with the consistent behaviour of the community as a whole. Feasible and appropriate indicators of hygiene behaviour were found to be domestic cleanliness and the use of a diaper or underclothes by the child. CONCLUSION: A consistent relationship between almost all hygiene practices and diarrhoea was detected, more schooling producing better hygiene behaviour. The high variability of hygiene behaviour at the individual level requires repeated observations (at least two) before and after the hygiene education in the event one wants to measure the impact of the campaign on the individual.  (+info)

(2/7234) Cancer mortality by educational level in the city of Barcelona.

The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between educational level and mortality from cancer in the city of Barcelona. The data were derived from a record linkage between the Barcelona Mortality Registry and the Municipal Census. The relative risks (RR) of death and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) according to level of education were derived from Poisson regression models. For all malignancies, men in the lowest educational level had a RR of death of 1.21 (95% CI 1.13-1.29) compared with men with a university degree, whereas for women a significant decreasing in risk was observed (RR 0.81; 95% CI 0.74-0.90). Among men, significant negative trends of increasing risk according to level of education were present for cancer of the mouth and pharynx (RR 1.70 for lowest vs. highest level of education), oesophagus (RR 2.14), stomach (RR 1.99), larynx (RR 2.56) and lung (RR 1.35). Among women, cervical cancer was negatively related to education (RR 2.62), whereas a positive trend was present for cancers of the colon (RR 0.76), pancreas (RR 0.59), lung (RR 0.55) and breast (RR 0.65). The present study confirms for the first time, at an individual level, the existence of socioeconomic differences in mortality for several cancer sites in Barcelona, Spain. There is a need to implement health programmes and public health policies to reduce these inequities.  (+info)

(3/7234) Moderate physical activity in relation to mammographic patterns.

High-risk mammographic patterns may be used as a surrogate end point for breast cancer in etiologic research as well as in prevention studies. Physical activity may be one of the few modifiable risk factors for breast cancer. We examined the relationship between physical activity and mammographic patterns among 2720 Norwegian women, ages 40-56 years, who participated in both the Second and Third Tromso studies. Epidemiologic data were obtained through questionnaires. Two questions from the Second Tromso study and five questions from the Third elicited information on physical activity. The mammograms were categorized into five groups based on anatomical-mammographic correlations. For analysis, patterns I through III were combined into a low-risk group and patterns IV and V into a high-risk group. Odds ratios that were adjusted for age, education, menopausal status, body mass index, parity, age at menarche, oral contraceptive use, and alcohol intake, with 95% confidence intervals, were estimated using logistic regression. Women who reported moderate physical activity, i.e., more than 2 h/week, were 20% less likely (odds ratio, 0.8; 95% confidence interval, 0.6-1.1) to have high-risk mammographic patterns compared with those who reported being inactive. This relationship remains consistent when stratified by menopausal status, parity, and tertiles of body mass index. However, all of the associations between various measures of physical activity and high-risk patterns found in this study are weak with confidence intervals that include 1.0. Thus, chance is a reasonable explanation for the weak associations found. The relationship between physical activity and high-risk patterns should be examined further as a means to explore the biologic mechanisms relating physical activity to breast cancer risk.  (+info)

(4/7234) Low-weight neonatal survival paradox in the Czech Republic.

Analysis of vital statistics for the Czech Republic between 1986 and 1993, including 3,254 infant deaths from 350,978 first births to married and single women who conceived at ages 18-29 years, revealed a neonatal survival advantage for low-weight infants born to disadvantaged (single, less educated) women, particularly for deaths from congenital anomalies. This advantage largely disappeared after the neonatal period. The same patterns have been observed for low-weight infants born to black women in the United States. Since the Czech Republic had an ethnically homogenous population, virtually universal prenatal care, and uniform institutional conditions for delivery, Czech results must be attributed to social rather than to biologic or medical circumstances. This strengthens the contention that in the United States, the black neonatal survival paradox may be due as much to race-related social stigmatization and consequent disadvantage as to any hypothesized hereditary influences on birth-weight-specific survival.  (+info)

(5/7234) Are sex and educational level independent predictors of dementia and Alzheimer's disease? Incidence data from the PAQUID project.

OBJECTIVES: To examine the age specific risk of Alzheimer's disease according to sex, and to explore the role of education in a cohort of elderly community residents aged 65 years and older. METHODS: A community based cohort of elderly people was studied longitudinally for 5 years for the development of dementia. Dementia diagnoses were made according to the DSM III R criteria and Alzheimer's disease was assessed using the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria. Among the 3675 non-demented subjects initially included in the cohort, 2881 participated in the follow up. Hazard ratios of dementia were estimated using a Cox model with delayed entry in which the time scale is the age of the subjects. RESULTS: During the 5 year follow up, 190 incident cases of dementia, including 140 cases of Alzheimer's disease were identified. The incidence rates of Alzheimer's disease were 0.8/100 person-years in men and 1.4/100 person-years in women. However, the incidence was higher in men than in women before the age of 80 and higher in women than in men after this age. A significant interaction between sex and age was found. The hazard ratio of Alzheimer's disease in women compared with men was estimated to be 0.8 at 75 years and 1.7 at 85 years. The risks of dementia and Alzheimer's disease were associated with a lower educational attainment (hazard ratio=1.8, p<0.001). The increased risk of Alzheimer's disease in women was not changed after adjustment for education. CONCLUSION: Women have a higher risk of developing dementia after the age of 80 than men. Low educational attainment is associated with a higher risk of Alzheimer's disease. However, the increased risk in women is not explained by a lower educational level.  (+info)

(6/7234) Serum and red blood cell folate concentrations, race, and education: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relations between race or ethnicity, educational attainment, and serum and red blood cell folate concentrations. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relation between educational attainment and serum and red blood cell folate concentrations in 8457 white, African American, and Mexican American men and women aged > or = 17 y. DESIGN: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from Phase 1 of the third National health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1991). RESULTS: White men had significantly higher adjusted serum and red blood cell folate concentrations (16.9 and 502.6 nmol/L, respectively) than did African American men (15.6 and 423.3 nmol/L, respectively) or Mexican American men (16.0 and 457.0 nmol/L, respectively); white women had significantly higher concentrations (18.4 and 515.9 nmol/L, respectively) than did African American women (16.3 and 415.4 nmol/L, respectively) or Mexican American women (15.9 and 455.7 nmol/L, respectively). For the entire sample, rank correlation coefficients between educational attainment and serum and red blood cell folate were 0.11 and 0.12, respectively, and were larger in white participants than in other participants. No significant linear trends between adjusted serum or red blood cell folate and educational attainment were found. Among participants with > 12 y of education, the mean adjusted concentrations of serum folate were 15% and 18% lower and those of red blood cell were 18% and 22% lower in African American men and women than in white men and women, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: African Americans and Mexican Americans could benefit most from public health programs to boost folate intakes by encouraging increased intake of folate-rich foods and vitamin supplements.  (+info)

(7/7234) Alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, problem drinking, and socioeconomic status.

In general, a lower socioeconomic status (SES) is related to a lower health status, more health problems, and a shorter life expectancy. Although causal relations between SES and health are unclear, lifestyle factors play an intermediate role. The purpose of the present study was to obtain more insight into the relation between SES, alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, and problem drinking, through a general population survey among 8000 people in Rotterdam. Odds ratios were calculated using educational level as independent, and alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, and problem drinking as dependent variables. Abstinence decreased significantly by increasing educational level for both sexes. For men, excessive drinking, and notably very excessive drinking, was more prevalent in the lowest educational group. For women, no significant relation between educational level and prevalence of excessive drinking was found. After controlling for differences in drinking behaviour, among men the prevalence of 'psychological dependence' and 'social problems' was higher in intermediate educational groups, whereas prevalence of 'drunkenness' was lower in intermediate educational groups. For women, a negative relation was found between educational level and 'psychological dependence'; prevalence of 'symptomatic drinking' was higher in the lowest educational group. Prevalence of problem drinking was not related to educational level in either sex. It is concluded that differences exist between educational levels with respect to abstinence, but only limited differences were found with respect to excessive drinking. Furthermore, there is evidence for higher prevalences of alcohol-related problems in lower educational levels, after controlling for differences in drinking behaviour, in both sexes.  (+info)

(8/7234) Potential explanations for the educational gradient in coronary heart disease: a population-based case-control study of Swedish women.

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between educational attainment and coronary heart disease (CHD) and the factors that may explain this association. METHODS: This population-based case-control study included 292 women with CHD who were 65 years or younger and 292 age-matched controls. RESULTS: Compared with the adjusted odds ratio for CHD associated with college education, the age-adjusted odds ratio associated with mandatory education (< or = 9 years) was 1.87 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.23, 2.84) and the odds ratio for high school education was 1.35 (95% CI = 0.81, 2.25) (P for trend < .01). The odds ratio for mandatory education was reduced by 82%, to 1.16 (95% CI = 0.69, 2.09), after adjustment for psychosocial stress, unhealthy lifestyle patterns, hemostatic factors, hypertension, and lipids. CONCLUSIONS: Much of the increased risk of CHD in women with low education appears to be linked to psychosocial stress and lifestyle factors. Hemostatic factors, lipids, and hypertension also contribute to a lesser extent. These factors may be considered in strategies geared to reducing socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular health.  (+info)



  • Education
  • This article belongs to the special issue " Interdisciplinary Research on the Environmental Education, Educational Studies in Sustainability & Instructional Technologies and Designs . (ejmste.com)
  • i) consolidate the information through its study and survey and analyze the data gathered and submit a Report to the Government duly recommending the steps to be taken to remove the impediments in the improvement of the overall social, educational, economic conditions of the Muslim Community and to provide for Reservation in Education and Employment to poor deserving Muslims of Telangana State, wherever necessary. (tgnns.com)
  • The University of Mount Union's Master of Arts in Educational Leadership program is approved by the Ohio Department of Higher Education (ODHE) and the Higher Learning Commission. (mountunion.edu)
  • Faculties could exist within a university system or as independent entities (as in the case of the six theological faculties under the direction of both republics' ministries of culture, or educational faculties sometimes administered directly by the republics' ministries of education). (wikipedia.org)
  • Between 1998-1999 he did work at the Institute of Educational Policy at Open Society Institute-Budapest and he was responsible for development of educational strategies for Roma and minority children education in Central and East European countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • e) report on the educational indicators like literacy rate and health indicators MMR and IMR compared with other sections of the society. (tgnns.com)
  • In this index, which measures reproductive health, empowerment and economic status, Nepal ranks 115th out of 188 countries for gender equality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies have indicated that boys are more likely to receive treatment from health care facilities compared to girls, when controlled for SES status. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vast majority of studies focus on the black-white contrast, but a rapidly growing literature describes variations in health status among America's increasingly diverse racial populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • This study was conducted to reveal the opinions of voters regarding the social environment and new media tools with respect to their educational status. (ejmste.com)
  • Whereas, it appears to the Government of Telangana that there is a necessity to constitute a Commission of Inquiry to study the Socio Economic and Educational conditions of Muslims in the State of Telangana to enable the Government to formulate policies for the amelioration and upliftment of Muslims to bring them on par with other sections of Society. (tgnns.com)
  • survey
  • In the survey, it was aimed to reveal the factors that constitute the elements of the social environment and new media tools by taking into account the educational situation of voters, which are preliminary. (ejmste.com)
  • gender
  • The value of this multidimensional indicator, Gender Inequality Index (GII) is determined by numerous factors including maternal mortality rate, adolescent fertility rate, educational achievement and labour force participation rate. (wikipedia.org)