Hearing Loss: A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears.Hearing: The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.Hearing Aids: Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)Hearing Tests: Part of an ear examination that measures the ability of sound to reach the brain.Hearing Loss, Sensorineural: Hearing loss resulting from damage to the COCHLEA and the sensorineural elements which lie internally beyond the oval and round windows. These elements include the AUDITORY NERVE and its connections in the BRAINSTEM.Hearing Disorders: Conditions that impair the transmission of auditory impulses and information from the level of the ear to the temporal cortices, including the sensorineural pathways.Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced: Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.Hearing Loss, Bilateral: Partial hearing loss in both ears.Persons With Hearing Impairments: Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Audiometry: The testing of the acuity of the sense of hearing to determine the thresholds of the lowest intensity levels at which an individual can hear a set of tones. The frequencies between 125 and 8000 Hz are used to test air conduction thresholds and the frequencies between 250 and 4000 Hz are used to test bone conduction thresholds.Hearing Loss, Conductive: Hearing loss due to interference with the mechanical reception or amplification of sound to the COCHLEA. The interference is in the outer or middle ear involving the EAR CANAL; TYMPANIC MEMBRANE; or EAR OSSICLES.Hearing Loss, High-Frequency: Hearing loss in frequencies above 1000 hertz.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Audiometry, Pure-Tone: Measurement of hearing based on the use of pure tones of various frequencies and intensities as auditory stimuli.Correction of Hearing Impairment: Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Education of Hearing Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Auditory Threshold: The audibility limit of discriminating sound intensity and pitch.Deafness: A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.Hearing Loss, Sudden: Sensorineural hearing loss which develops suddenly over a period of hours or a few days. It varies in severity from mild to total deafness. Sudden deafness can be due to head trauma, vascular diseases, infections, or can appear without obvious cause or warning.Hearing Loss, Unilateral: Partial or complete hearing loss in one ear.Education, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.Noise, Occupational: Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.Ear Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of the ears from loud or high intensity noise, water, or cold. These include earmuffs and earplugs.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Education, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem: Electrical waves in the CEREBRAL CORTEX generated by BRAIN STEM structures in response to auditory click stimuli. These are found to be abnormal in many patients with CEREBELLOPONTINE ANGLE lesions, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, or other DEMYELINATING DISEASES.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Presbycusis: Gradual bilateral hearing loss associated with aging that is due to progressive degeneration of cochlear structures and central auditory pathways. Hearing loss usually begins with the high frequencies then progresses to sounds of middle and low frequencies.Cochlea: The part of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is concerned with hearing. It forms the anterior part of the labyrinth, as a snail-like structure that is situated almost horizontally anterior to the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Noise: Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous: Self-generated faint acoustic signals from the inner ear (COCHLEA) without external stimulation. These faint signals can be recorded in the EAR CANAL and are indications of active OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS. Spontaneous otoacoustic emissions are found in all classes of land vertebrates.Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Hearing Loss, Central: Hearing loss due to disease of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS (in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM) which originate in the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the PONS and then ascend bilaterally to the MIDBRAIN, the THALAMUS, and then the AUDITORY CORTEX in the TEMPORAL LOBE. Bilateral lesions of the auditory pathways are usually required to cause central hearing loss. Cortical deafness refers to loss of hearing due to bilateral auditory cortex lesions. Unilateral BRAIN STEM lesions involving the cochlear nuclei may result in unilateral hearing loss.Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.Audiometry, Evoked Response: A form of electrophysiologic audiometry in which an analog computer is included in the circuit to average out ongoing or spontaneous brain wave activity. A characteristic pattern of response to a sound stimulus may then become evident. Evoked response audiometry is known also as electric response audiometry.Education, Nursing, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform nurses of recent advances in their fields.Audiology: The study of hearing and hearing impairment.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Neonatal Screening: The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.United StatesEducation, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Cochlear Implantation: Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.Acoustic Impedance Tests: Objective tests of middle ear function based on the difficulty (impedance) or ease (admittance) of sound flow through the middle ear. These include static impedance and dynamic impedance (i.e., tympanometry and impedance tests in conjunction with intra-aural muscle reflex elicitation). This term is used also for various components of impedance and admittance (e.g., compliance, conductance, reactance, resistance, susceptance).Ear, Inner: The essential part of the hearing organ consists of two labyrinthine compartments: the bony labyrinthine and the membranous labyrinth. The bony labyrinth is a complex of three interconnecting cavities or spaces (COCHLEA; VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH; and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS) in the TEMPORAL BONE. Within the bony labyrinth lies the membranous labyrinth which is a complex of sacs and tubules (COCHLEAR DUCT; SACCULE AND UTRICLE; and SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS) forming a continuous space enclosed by EPITHELIUM and connective tissue. These spaces are filled with LABYRINTHINE FLUIDS of various compositions.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Hearing Loss, Functional: Hearing loss without a physical basis. Often observed in patients with psychological or behavioral disorders.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Sign Language: A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Hair Cells, Auditory: Sensory cells in the organ of Corti, characterized by their apical stereocilia (hair-like projections). The inner and outer hair cells, as defined by their proximity to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus), change morphologically along the COCHLEA. Towards the cochlear apex, the length of hair cell bodies and their apical STEREOCILIA increase, allowing differential responses to various frequencies of sound.Audiometry, Speech: Measurement of the ability to hear speech under various conditions of intensity and noise interference using sound-field as well as earphones and bone oscillators.Bone Conduction: Transmission of sound waves through vibration of bones in the SKULL to the inner ear (COCHLEA). By using bone conduction stimulation and by bypassing any OUTER EAR or MIDDLE EAR abnormalities, hearing thresholds of the cochlea can be determined. Bone conduction hearing differs from normal hearing which is based on air conduction stimulation via the EAR CANAL and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Physical Education and Training: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Speech Intelligibility: Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Mainstreaming (Education): Most frequently refers to the integration of a physically or mentally disabled child into the regular class of normal peers and provision of the appropriately determined educational program.Ear, Middle: The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.Speech Reception Threshold Test: A test to determine the lowest sound intensity level at which fifty percent or more of the spondaic test words (words of two syllables having equal stress) are repeated correctly.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Auditory Perception: The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Organ of Corti: The spiral EPITHELIUM containing sensory AUDITORY HAIR CELLS and supporting cells in the cochlea. Organ of Corti, situated on the BASILAR MEMBRANE and overlaid by a gelatinous TECTORIAL MEMBRANE, converts sound-induced mechanical waves to neural impulses to the brain.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Schools: Educational institutions.Cochlear Nerve: The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Spiral Ganglion: The sensory ganglion of the COCHLEAR NERVE. The cells of the spiral ganglion send fibers peripherally to the cochlear hair cells and centrally to the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM.Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer: Sensory cells of organ of Corti. In mammals, they are usually arranged in three or four rows, and away from the core of spongy bone (the modiolus), lateral to the INNER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS and other supporting structures. Their cell bodies and STEREOCILIA increase in length from the cochlear base toward the apex and laterally across the rows, allowing differential responses to various frequencies of sound.Neuroma, Acoustic: A benign SCHWANNOMA of the eighth cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE), mostly arising from the vestibular branch (VESTIBULAR NERVE) during the fifth or sixth decade of life. Clinical manifestations include HEARING LOSS; HEADACHE; VERTIGO; TINNITUS; and FACIAL PAIN. Bilateral acoustic neuromas are associated with NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p673)Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Evoked Potentials, Auditory: The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.Education, Nursing, Graduate: Those educational activities engaged in by holders of a bachelor's degree in nursing, which are primarily designed to prepare them for entrance into a specific field of nursing, and may lead to board certification or a more advanced degree.Prosthesis Fitting: The fitting and adjusting of artificial parts of the body. (From Stedman's, 26th ed)Tympanic Membrane: An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.Hair Cells, Auditory, Inner: Auditory sensory cells of organ of Corti, usually placed in one row medially to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus). Inner hair cells are in fewer numbers than the OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS, and their STEREOCILIA are approximately twice as thick as those of the outer hair cells.Ear: The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Speech Discrimination Tests: Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.Hearing Loss, Mixed Conductive-Sensorineural: Hearing loss due to damage or impairment of both the conductive elements (HEARING LOSS, CONDUCTIVE) and the sensorineural elements (HEARING LOSS, SENSORINEURAL) of the ear.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Sound Spectrography: The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.Temporal Bone: Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Sound Localization: Ability to determine the specific location of a sound source.Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Labyrinth Diseases: Pathological processes of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) which contains the essential apparatus of hearing (COCHLEA) and balance (SEMICIRCULAR CANALS).Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Otoscopy: Examination of the EAR CANAL and eardrum with an OTOSCOPE.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Vocational Education: Education for specific trades or occupations.Perceptual Masking: The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Sound: A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.Auditory Pathways: NEURAL PATHWAYS and connections within the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, beginning at the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, continuing along the eighth cranial nerve, and terminating at the AUDITORY CORTEX.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Hyperacusis: An abnormally disproportionate increase in the sensation of loudness in response to auditory stimuli of normal volume. COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; FACIAL NERVE DISEASES; STAPES SURGERY; and other disorders may be associated with this condition.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Accreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Vestibular Aqueduct: A small bony canal linking the vestibule of the inner ear to the posterior part of the internal surface of the petrous TEMPORAL BONE. It transmits the endolymphatic duct and two small blood vessels.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Psychoacoustics: The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual's response to the physical properties of sound.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Phonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Otologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the external, middle, or internal ear.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Cochlear Diseases: Pathological processes of the snail-like structure (COCHLEA) of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) which can involve its nervous tissue, blood vessels, or fluid (ENDOLYMPH).Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Connexins: A group of homologous proteins which form the intermembrane channels of GAP JUNCTIONS. The connexins are the products of an identified gene family which has both highly conserved and highly divergent regions. The variety contributes to the wide range of functional properties of gap junctions.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Self Care: Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.MP3-Player: Portable electronics device for storing and playing audio and or media files. MP3 for MPEG-1 audio layer 3, is a digital coding format.Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate: A four-year program in nursing education in a college or university leading to a B.S.N. (Bachelor of Science in Nursing). Graduates are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).Stria Vascularis: A layer of stratified EPITHELIUM forming the endolymphatic border of the cochlear duct at the lateral wall of the cochlea. Stria vascularis contains primarily three cell types (marginal, intermediate, and basal), and capillaries. The marginal cells directly facing the ENDOLYMPH are important in producing ion gradients and endochoclear potential.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Loudness Perception: The perceived attribute of a sound which corresponds to the physical attribute of intensity.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Round Window, Ear: Fenestra of the cochlea, an opening in the basal wall between the MIDDLE EAR and the INNER EAR, leading to the cochlea. It is closed by a secondary tympanic membrane.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.BrazilCanada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Meniere Disease: A disease of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is characterized by fluctuating SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; TINNITUS; episodic VERTIGO; and aural fullness. It is the most common form of endolymphatic hydrops.Vestibulocochlear Nerve Diseases: Pathological processes of the VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE, including the branches of COCHLEAR NERVE and VESTIBULAR NERVE. Common examples are VESTIBULAR NEURITIS, cochlear neuritis, and ACOUSTIC NEUROMA. Clinical signs are varying degree of HEARING LOSS; VERTIGO; and TINNITUS.Ear Diseases: Pathological processes of the ear, the hearing, and the equilibrium system of the body.Lipreading: The process by which an observer comprehends speech by watching the movements of the speaker's lips without hearing the speaker's voice.Pitch Perception: A dimension of auditory sensation varying with cycles per second of the sound stimulus.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.WisconsinOccupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Education, Premedical: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.Inservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Speech Acoustics: The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.Cochlear Microphonic Potentials: The electric response of the cochlear hair cells to acoustic stimulation.CaliforniaRegression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.

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*  Patricia Parish, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Joseph A. Califano, Jr., Secretary of Health, Education Andwelfare, Defendant-appellee...

Education Andwelfare, Defendant-appellee, 642 F.2d 188 (6th Cir. 1981) case opinion from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the ... that Miss Parish is now and was at the time of the administrative hearing in January of 1975 permanently and totally disabled ... At the hearing she testified that she had difficulty writing which impaired her ability to take notes, and experienced frequent ... Persons who are admittedly completely disabled are sometimes able to attend school on a part-time basis to seek specialized or ...

*  Appropriate School Facilities for Students With Speech-Language-Hearing Disorders

15 normal hearing, regular education 3rd graders. Significant improvement was noted in test scores when teacher used sound ... Developmentally disabled students with history of persistent conductive hearing loss exhibited improved word recognition scores ... 101 K-2nd grade regular education students with normal hearing. Mean word recognition scores on the WIPI increased 4.12% when ... Howell, P. (1996). Effects of sound-field amplification on test scores of normally hearing children in a regular education ...

*  Difference between revisions of "California" - GODORT

Office of Administrative Hearings. Special Education Advisory Committee. *Special Education Hearings and Orders ... archival links connect to hearings from 1989 to 1995 (temporarily disabled) and 1996 to June 2005 (temporarily disabled). This ... Disabled until 30 September 2012). *Special Education Laws and Regulations Database. A searchable database for the California ... Special Education Division. *Certified Nonpublic, Nonsectarian Schools and Agencies. Searchable database for special education ...

*  Volume 2, Issue 4, August 2007: Education Policy and Persons with Disabilities | National Rehabilitation Information Center

... and the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, by establishing the right of disabled children to a free education in the ... levels of hearings; agency responsible for appointment and training of hearing officers; number of hearing officers and their ... Education Policy and Legislation Timeline. *1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) & Higher Education Act (HEA) ... Education for All Handicapped Children Act, Higher Education Act, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Americans with ...

*  University of Michigan Academics - CollegeData College Profile

Disabled Students. Not reported. Services for Physically. Disabled Students. Hearing impaired services, speech disorders ... GRADUATE/PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL EDUCATION Master's Degrees Offered Master of Arts in Teaching, Master of Fine Arts, Master of ... UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION Undergraduate Majors. * Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical/Space Engineering * African-American/ ... Cooperative education program, Internships, Washington semester, Urban semester. ...

*  UNF - Marketing and Publications - November 2008

Childhood Education: Dr. Candice Carter had an article published in the Journal of Peace Education titled "Voluntary Standards ... Caroline Guardino has been selected to present at the Florida Educators of the Hearing Impaired conference (FEHI). Her ... presentation "Evaluating Teacher's Preparedness to Work with Multiply-Disabled Deaf Students: How do we Close the Gap between ... Continuing Education: Carla Bensi recently appeared on WTEV TV-47 and WAWS TV-30 news, was on WJXT TV-4's "Ask the UNF Expert" ...

*  Preterm Birth

Special education services associated with a higher prevalence of four disabling conditions (cerebral palsy, mental retardation ... Auditory System and Hearing Wed, 15 Mar 2017 , Preterm Birth The ear begins to develop at the end of 6 weeks of gestation and ... Special Education Costs Wed, 15 Mar 2017 , Preterm Birth Much of the literature on the rates of receipt of special education by ... Education Wed, 15 Mar 2017 , Preterm Birth Through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA which was renewed in ...

*  Selected Subject Headings from the Sources Database

Driving Education for Physically Disabled. · Education/Disabled. · Electronic Hearing Devices. · Employment for Disabled. · ... Disabled Offenders. · Disabled Persons. · Disabled Persons/Access Services. · Disabled Persons/Advocacy Act. · Disabled Persons ... Disabled Persons/Transportation. · Disabled Singles. · Disabled Veterans. · Disabled Women/Sexual Assault. · Disabled Workers. ... Hearing Aids. · Housing/Developmentally Disabled. · Housing/Disabled. · Housing/Psychiatric Patients. · Human Rights/Disabled ...

*  Family of disabled student files federal lawsuit against Hillsborough schools | Tampa Bay Times

... the 2012 drowning of Jennifer Caballero and other incidents affecting disabled children, attorneys filed a second federal suit ... Pinellas education news: A campaign for school supplies, a leg up for disabled students and more 4 Weeks Ago ... Petersburg will hold first budget hearing tonight 5:05 AM Local Government By Charlie Frago, Times Staff Writer ... Family of disabled student files federal lawsuit against Hillsborough schools * Marlene Sokol, Times Staff Writer * Link ...

*  University of North Florida Academics - CollegeData College Profile

Disabled Students. Not reported. Services for Physically. Disabled Students. Hearing impaired services, speech disorders ... GRADUATE/PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL EDUCATION Master's Degrees Offered Master of Science, Master of Science in Electrical Engineering ... Master of Education, Master of Arts, Master of Public Administration, Master of Science in Nursing, Master of Arts in ...

*  Tampa dad pushes for disabled daughter to have service dog at school | Tampa Bay Times

A disabled kindergarten student in Apollo Beach soon might have a service dog accompany her to class, a possible first for the ... Why you can't stop hearing 'Despacito' everywhere this summer. Top News. * Photo of the Day for September 22, 2017 - Willets ... Tampa dad pushes for disabled daughter to have service dog at school * Marlene Sokol, Times Staff Writer * Link ... TAMPA - A disabled kindergarten student in Apollo Beach soon might have a service dog accompany her to class, a possible first ...

*  What do we do about untrustworthy Certificate Authorities? | Electronic Frontier Foundation

Security Education: What's New on Surveillance Self-Defense. Since 2014, our digital security guide, Surveillance Self-Defense ... Last month, some vigilant Twitter users using the iOS 11 public beta discovered a new way to quickly disable Touch ID by just ... After hearing growing concerns among activists following the 2016 US presidential election, we pledged... ... Intel's Management Engine is a security hazard, and users need a way to disable it. ...

*  Copy to clipboard

Security Education: What's New on Surveillance Self-Defense. Since 2014, our digital security guide, Surveillance Self-Defense ... Last month, some vigilant Twitter users using the iOS 11 public beta discovered a new way to quickly disable Touch ID by just ... After hearing growing concerns among activists following the 2016 US presidential election, we pledged... ... With iOS 11, More Options to Disable Touch ID Means Better Security. ...

*  Breaking ice with seniors to be smooth affair for DU freshers | Zee News

News » Education Breaking ice with seniors to be smooth affair for DU freshers. Adopting a zero-tolerance approach towards ... National Herald case: Hearing adjourned till November 18. World. Iran defies US warnings, test fires ballistic missile. ... Mathura: Godman held for raping physically disabled discipl.... India. We are not gods, says Supreme Court, dismisses plea to ...

*  Students with Disabilities | Advising Hub | San Jose State University

Accessible Education Center (AEC). The Accessible Education Center, through collaboration with the campus and community, is ... Deaf & Hard of Hearing Program. Disabled Parking. Educational Assistants. Note-taking. Learning Disabilities ... The Accessible Education Center can help students with disabilities with information about.... Academic Accomodation ...

*  Find Minnesota jobs at SchoolSpring.com!

Emotionally Disabled. General Special Education. Gifted & Talented. Hard of Hearing. Learning Disabled. ... Special Education Teacher ATX Learning. Minneapolis, Minnesota. Oct 7. Special Education Teacher ATX Learning. Brooklyn Park, ... Driver Education Instructor-PT Fisher Public Schools. Fisher, MN. Jun 1. Paraprofessional 16-17SY Fisher Public Schools. Fisher ... Special Education Teacher Albert Lea Area Schools #241. Minnesota. Oct 19. Paraeducator Albert Lea Area Schools #241. Minnesota ...

*  Find Utah jobs at SchoolSpring.com!

60 Utah jobs and other school jobs listed as of Oct 20! Get daily job alert emails, apply online, and find your next education ... Emotionally Disabled. General Special Education. Gifted & Talented. Hard of Hearing. Learning Disabled. ... The following teaching jobs and other school jobs are collected from various education job sites. As such, the accuracy and ...

*  Creative charter school wins renewal | Town Square | Mountain View Online

Special ed services are provided by the Santa Clara County Office of Education. It's true that the most severely disabled kids ... Judging by the questions asked at the oral argument hearing 10 days ago, the clerks and the justices had a thorough examination ... Education is the key to any society. Education is expensive. I am damned that people in this country would rather pay for lame ... I hope that everyone in our community can work together to provide an excellent education for all public education students. ...

*  Statutes and Regulations

Federal Special Education Statute - IDEA @ The Center for Regulatory Effectiveness.com * Federal Special Education Regulations ... The current page belongs to the main category of Hearings and Appeals ... Translation Disabled The Official Website of the Executive Office for Administration and Finance ... Federal and Massachusetts Special Education Laws and Regulations * ...

*  MEMORANDUM OPINION for Jackson v. Astrue :: Justia Dockets & Filings

The plaintiff was 49 years old at the time of the hearing before the ALJ. He completed the 9th grade in special education. The ... A negative answer to any question, other than step three, leads to a determination of "not disabled." McDaniel v. Bowen, 800 F. ... Sewell because an adequate basis existed in the record for determining if Jackson was disabled. C. The Back Impairment. The ... After an unfavorable administrative decision, he had a hearing before an ALJ who rendered an unfavorable decision on March 28, ...

Hearing (person): The term hearing or hearing person, from the perspective of mainstream English-language culture, refers to someone whose sense of hearing is at the medical norm. From this point of view, someone who is not fully hearing has a hearing loss or is said to be hard of hearing or deaf.Equivalent rectangular bandwidth: The equivalent rectangular bandwidth or ERB is a measure used in psychoacoustics, which gives an approximation to the bandwidths of the filters in human hearing, using the unrealistic but convenient simplification of modeling the filters as rectangular band-pass filters.BeltoneCrandall syndrome: Crandall syndrome is a very rare congenital disorder characterised by progressive sensorineural hearing loss, hair loss associated with pili torti, and hypogonadism demonstrated through low levels of luteinising hormone and growth hormone. It is thought to be an autosomal recessive disorder closely related to Björnstad syndrome which presents similarly but without hypogonadism.Indian Genetic Disease DatabaseNoise-induced hearing loss: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is hearing impairment resulting from exposure to high decibel (loud) sound that may exhibit as loss of a narrow range of frequencies, impaired cognitive perception of sound or other impairment, including hyperacusis or tinnitus. Hearing may deteriorate gradually from chronic and repeated noise exposure, such as loud music or background noise, or suddenly, from an acute, high intensity noise incident including gunshots and airhorns.School health education: School Health Education see also: Health Promotion is the process of transferring health knowledge during a student's school years (K-12). Its uses are in general classified as Public Health Education and School Health Education.Conductive hearing lossOnline patient education: Online Patient Education also known as Online Patient Engagement is a method of providing medical information and education to patients using Learning Management Systems delivered through the Internet.Evaluation of bariatric Centers of Excellence Web sites for functionality and efficacy.AudiometryInternational Deaf Education Association: The International Deaf Education Association (IDEA) is an organization focused on educating the deaf in Bohol, Philippines initiated by the United States Peace Corps, under the leadership of Dennis Drake. The organization is a non-profit establishment that provides education to the impoverished and neglected deaf and blind children in the Philippines.Prelingual deafness: A prelingual deaf individual is someone who was born with a hearing loss, or whose hearing loss occurred before they began to speak. Infants usually start saying their first words around one year.SildenafilCROS hearing aid: A Contralateral Routing Of Signals (CROS)Harford, E., Barry, J.Contax N Digital: The Contax N Digital was a six-megapixel digital SLR camera produced by Contax in Japan. The camera was announced in late 2000, and began to be sold in spring 2002, after several delays.Muzzle brake: A muzzle brake or recoil compensator is a device connected to the muzzle of a firearm or cannon that redirects propellant gases to counter recoil and unwanted rising of the barrel during rapid fire.Muzzle brake in the NRA Firearms Glossary The concept was introduced for artillery and was a common feature on many anti-tank guns, especially those in tanks, in order to reduce the area needed to take up the recoil stroke.DJ College of Dental Sciences and Research: Divya Jyoti (DJ) College of Dental Sciences and Research is a dental college located in Modinagar in the nagar panchayat of Niwari in Ghaziabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The founder and chairman is Ajit Singh Jassar.Frequency following response: Frequency following response (FFR), also referred to as Frequency Following Potential (FFP), is an evoked potential generated by periodic or nearly-periodic auditory stimuli.Burkard, R.Atlantic University: Atlantic University is private, distance education institution of higher and continuing education in Virginia Beach, Virginia. It is associated with Edgar Cayce's Association for Research and Enlightenment (A.List of noise topics: This is a list of noise topics.Special education in the United Kingdom: 'Special Educational Needs' is an umbrella term for an aspect of UK school education focusing on students primarily with learning difficulties and/or disability. In school documents, it is abbreviated to 'SEN' / 'SEND' – these abbreviations are also used in Commonwealth countries such as Australia and Singapore.Syllabus: A syllabus (pl. syllabi) is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an education or training course.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Auditory neuropathy: Auditory neuropathy (AN) is a variety of hearing loss in which the outer hair cells within the cochlea are present and functional, but sound information is not faithfully transmitted to the auditory nerve and brain properly. Also known as Auditory Neuropathy/Auditory Dys-synchrony (AN/AD) or Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder (ANSD).International Journal of Audiology: The International Journal of Audiology is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering research in audiology, including psychoacoustics, anatomy, physiology, cellular and molecular biology, genetics, neuroscience, speech and hearing sciences and rehabilitation devices. It is an official journal of the British Society of Audiology, the International Society of Audiology, and the Nordic Audiological Society.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Nihon UniversityDim spot: In reflection seismology, a dim spot is a local low amplitude seismic attribute anomaly that can indicate the presence of hydrocarbonsSchlumberger: Oilfield Glossary and is therefore known as a direct hydrocarbon indicator. It primarily results from the decrease in acoustic impedance contrast when a hydrocarbon (with a low acoustic impedance) replaces the brine-saturated zone (with a high acoustic impedance) that underlies a shale (with the lowest acoustic impedance of the three), decreasing the reflection coefficient.Ka'apor Sign Language: Urubu Sign Language (also known as Urubu–Ka'apor or Ka'apor Sign Language) is a village sign language used by the small community of Ka'apor people in the state of Maranhão. Linguist Jim Kakumasu observed in 1968 that the number of deaf people in the community was 7 out of a population of 500.Stereocilia (inner ear): In the inner ear, stereocilia are the mechanosensing organelles of hair cells, which respond to fluid motion in numerous types of animals for various functions, including hearing and balance. They are about 10–50 micrometers in length and share some similar features of microvilli.SoundBite Hearing System: SoundBite Hearing System is a non-surgical bone conduction prosthetic device that transmits sound via the teeth. It is an alternative to surgical bone conduction prosthetic devices, which require surgical implantation into the skull to conduct sound.Standard evaluation frameworkQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Let's Move!: Let's Move! seeks to combat the epidemic of childhood obesity and encourage a healthy lifestyle through "a comprehensive, collaborative, and community-oriented initiative that addresses all of the various factors that lead to childhood obesity [.Music of Israel: The music of Israel is a combination of Jewish and non-Jewish music traditions that have come together over the course of a century to create a distinctive musical culture. For almost 150 years, musicians have sought original stylistic elements that would define the emerging national spirit.Neuroendocrine adenoma middle ear: Neuroendocrine adenoma of the middle ear (NAME) is a tumor which arises from a specific anatomic site: middle ear. NAME is a benign glandular neoplasm of middle ear showing histologic and immunohistochemical neuroendocrine and mucin-secreting differentiation (biphasic or dual differentiation).Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Auditory scene analysis: In psychophysics, auditory scene analysis (ASA) is a proposed model for the basis of auditory perception. This is understood as the process by which the human auditory system organizes sound into perceptually meaningful elements.Postgraduate training in general dentistry: ==Australia==Dental Schools Council: The Dental Schools Council represents the interests of UK dental schools as it relates to national health, wealth, knowledge acquisition through teaching, research, and the profession of dentistry.Universities UK http://www.St. Vrain Valley School DistrictKiten (program)Spiral pumpHair cell: Hair cells are the sensory receptors of both the auditory system and the vestibular system in all vertebrates. Through mechanotransduction, hair cells detect movement in their environment.Vestibular schwannomaAuditory event: Auditory events describe the subjective perception, when listening to a certain sound situation. This term was introduced by Jens Blauert (Ruhr-University Bochum) in 1966, in order to distinguish clearly between the physical sound field and the auditory perception of the sound.TympanosclerosisCrystal earpiece: A crystal earpiece, is a type of piezoelectric earphone, producing sound by using a piezoelectric crystal, a material that changes its shape when electricity is applied to it. It is usually designed to plug into the ear canal of the user.Relative index of inequality: The relative index of inequality (RII) is a regression-based index which summarizes the magnitude of socio-economic status (SES) as a source of inequalities in health. RII is useful because it takes into account the size of the population and the relative disadvantage experienced by different groups.Albinism–deafness syndrome: Albinism–deafness syndrome (also known as "Woolf syndrome," and "Ziprkowski–Margolis syndrome") is a condition characterized by congenital neural deafness and a severe or extreme piebald-like phenotype with extensive areas of hypopigmentation.List of medical schools in the United Kingdom

(1/91) Deaf children's use of phonological coding: evidence from reading, spelling, and working memory.

Two groups of deaf children, aged 8 and 14 years, were presented with a number of tasks designed to assess their reliance on phonological coding. Their performance was compared with that of hearing children of the same chronological age (CA) and reading age (RA). Performance on the first task, short-term recall of pictures, showed that the deaf children's spans were comparable to those of RA controls but lower than CA controls. For the older deaf children, short-term memory span predicted reading ability. There was no clear evidence that the deaf children were using phonological coding in short-term memory when recall of dissimilar items was compared with recall of items with similarly sounding names. In the second task, which assessed orthographic awareness, performance of the deaf children was similar to that of RA controls although scores predicted reading level for the deaf children but not the hearing. The final task was a picture spelling test in which there were marked differences between the deaf and hearing children, most notably in the number of spelling refusals (which was higher for the deaf children in the older group than their RA controls) and the percentage of phonetic errors (which was considerably lower for both groups of deaf children than for any of the hearing controls). Overall these results provide support for the view that deaf children place little reliance on phonological coding.  (+info)

(2/91) The relationship between reading achievement and morphological word analysis in deaf and hearing students matched for reading level.

This study extends the findings of Gaustad, Kelly, Payne, and Lylak (2002), which showed that deaf college students and hearing middle school students appeared to have approximately the same morphological knowledge and word segmentation skills. Because the average grade level reading abilities for the two groups of students were also similar, those research findings suggested that deaf students' morphological development was progressing as might be expected relative to reading level. This study further examined the specific relationship between morphologically based word identification skills and reading achievement levels, as well as differences in the error patterns of deaf and hearing readers. Comparison of performance between pairs of deaf college students and hearing middle school students matched for reading achievement level shows significant superiority of younger hearing participants for skills relating especially to the meaning of derivational morphemes and roots, and the segmentation of words containing multiple types of morphemes. Group subtest comparisons and item analysis comparisons of specific morpheme knowledge and word segmentation show clear differences in the morphographic skills of hearing middle school readers over deaf college students, even though they were matched and appear to read at the same grade levels, as measured by standardized tests.  (+info)

(3/91) The effects of simultaneous communication on production and perception of speech.

This article reviews experiments completed over the past decade at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf and the State University of New York at Geneseo concerning speech produced during simultaneous communication (SC) and synthesizes the empirical evidence concerning the acoustical and perceptual characteristics of speech in SC. Comparisons are drawn between SC and other modes of rate-altered speech that have been used successfully to enhance communication effectiveness. Of particular importance are conclusions regarding the appropriateness of speech produced during SC for communication between hearing and hearing-impaired speakers and listeners and the appropriateness of SC use by parents and teachers for speech development of children with hearing impairment. This program of systematic basic research adds value to the discussion about the use of SC by focusing on the specific implications of empirical results regarding speech production and perception.  (+info)

(4/91) The effects of phonological and morphological training on speech perception scores and grammatical judgments in deaf and hard-of-hearing children.

Seventeen primary school deaf and hard-of-hearing children were given two types of training for 9 weeks each. Phonological training involved practice of /s, z, t, d/ in word final position in monomorphemic words. Morphological training involved learning and practicing the rules for forming third-person singular, present tense, past tense, and plurals. The words used in the two training types were different (monomorphemic or polymorphemic) but both involved word final /s, z, t, d/. Grammatical judgments were tested before and after training using short sentences that were read aloud by the child (or by the presenter if the child was unable to read them). Perception was tested with 150 key words in sentences using the trained morphemes and phonemes in word final position. Grammatical judgments for sentences involving the trained morphemes improved significantly after each type of training. Both types of training needed to be completed before a significant improvement was found for speech perception scores. The results suggest that both phonological and morphological training are beneficial in improving speech perception and grammatical performance of deaf and hard-of-hearing children and that both types of training were required to obtain the maximum benefit.  (+info)

(5/91) Education of deaf students in Spain: legal and educational politics developments.

This article examines the legal instruments and educational politics affecting deaf persons' educational rights in Spain. We present a historical view of deaf education in Spain before and after the Congress of Milan (1880) and then introduce educational legislation and practices in recent decades. At present, Spanish legislation is moving toward recognition of sign languages and the suitability of bilingual education for deaf students at all educational levels. This is a consequence of taking into account the low academic achievement of two generations of deaf students educated in a monolingual model. Bilingual projects are now run throughout Spain. We emphasize that efforts must be made in the legal sphere to regulate the way in which professionals who know sign language and Deaf culture-teachers, interpreters, deaf adult models-are incorporated in bilingual deaf schools.  (+info)

(6/91) When parents are deaf versus hard of hearing: patterns of sign use and school placement of deaf and hard-of-hearing children.

This paper investigates the importance of knowing whether or not deaf and hard-of-hearing students have one or more deaf or hard-of-hearing parents. As noted by Mitchell and Karchmer (2004), deaf and hard-of-hearing school-age children and youth in the United States with at least one parent identified as "hearing impaired" are nearly evenly split between having at least one deaf parent and having at least one hard-of-hearing parent. However, there is no literature on the importance, if any, of this distinction. Findings from the investigation reported herein suggest that the distinction between having a deaf versus a hard-of-hearing parent is quite substantial, particularly as it pertains to the use of signing in the home. Further, signing in the home, which is reliably predicted by parental hearing status, is a significant predictor of the school setting in which the student is currently placed and the instructional use of signing in the classroom. Limitations related to the available measure of parental hearing status are discussed.  (+info)

(7/91) Tutoring deaf students in higher education: a comparison of baccalaureate and sub-baccalaureate student perceptions.

Seventy-three deaf college students completed a survey examining perceptions about tutoring outcomes and emphases, characteristics of tutors, and responsibilities associated with learning through tutoring. The comparisons revealed that while baccalaureate and sub-baccalaureate students have many similar perceptions about tutoring, there are also some striking differences. In particular, as compared to the sub-baccalaureate students, baccalaureate students have a stronger preference for focusing on course content and for working with tutors who actively involve them during the tutoring sessions. In addition, baccalaureate students prefer to decide the focus of the tutoring themselves while sub-baccalaureate students tend to leave the decision to the tutor. The results of the analyses with three scales measuring perceptions of tutoring dimensions are summarized and recommendations for the selection and preparation of tutors, as well as for future research, are provided.  (+info)

(8/91) Allegations of unlawful discrimination in education: parents taking their fight for Auslan to the courts.

This paper examines the use of the Disability Discrimination Act (Commonwealth of Australia, 1992) by parents seeking access for their deaf children to native sign language in the classroom. It reviews a number of cases in which Australian parents have claimed indirect discrimination by educational authorities over their children's lack of access to instruction through Australian Sign Language (Auslan) and discusses the outcomes of such litigation. The policies endorsed by deafness organizations are contrasted with those of state educational authorities. The author discusses the limitations of a complaints-based system to address systemic discrimination and suggests the need for legislation to protect the linguistic rights of deaf children.  (+info)

rated as 10 percent

  • Service connection is currently in effect for bilateral hearing loss, rated as 50 percent disabling, and tinnitus, rated as 10 percent disabling. (va.gov)
  • 3. The veteran s principal disabilities are nonservice connected residuals of sinusitis, rated as 10 percent disabling, and tension headaches, rated as 10 percent disabling. (va.gov)

Individuals wit

  • We are available for DCPS and private school disciplinary hearings, Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA) and education advocacy. (yellowpagesforkids.com)

frail elderly

substantially gainful employment

  • 2. The Veteran's service-connected disabilities preclude securing and maintaining substantially gainful employment consistent with his education and occupational experience. (va.gov)
  • 8. The veteran s disabilities do not permanently preclude him from engaging in substantially gainful employment, consistent with his age, education and occupational history. (va.gov)

permanently and totally disabled

  • Both parties agree, and the undisputed evidence indicates that Miss Parish is now and was at the time of the administrative hearing in January of 1975 permanently and totally disabled from multiple sclerosis. (justia.com)
  • This case comes before the Board of Veteran s Appeals (Board) on appeal from a February 1994 rating decision by the St. Petersburg, Florida, Regional Office (RO) of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). CONTENTIONS OF APPELLANT ON APPEAL The veteran contends that he is permanently and totally disabled as a result of his disabilities. (va.gov)
  • CONCLUSION OF LAW The veteran is not permanently and totally disabled within the meaning of governing law and regulations. (va.gov)


  • The evidence further compels a finding that she has been disabled and unable to engage in substantial gainful activity since August of 1975. (justia.com)

Physically Disabled

  • Mathura: Godman held for raping physically disabled discipl. (india.com)


  • TDIU - Laws and Regulations It is the established policy of VA that all veterans who are unable to secure and maintain substantially gainful occupation by reason of service-connected disabilities shall be rated totally disabled. (va.gov)
  • In a pertinent precedent decision, VA General Counsel concluded that the controlling VA regulations generally provide that veterans who, in light of their individual circumstances, but without regard to age, are unable to secure and follow a substantially gainful occupation as the result of service-connected disability shall be rated totally disabled, without regard to whether an average person would be rendered unemployable by the circumstances. (va.gov)


  • Home- and community-based long-term-care benefits also garnered attention last week at a hearing of the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee on the effects of the Administration's plan on individuals with disabilities. (edweek.org)
  • Advocates for Justice and Education, Inc., provides free individual advocacy, training, resources and legal representation to families of children and youth with disabilities in the District of Columbia public school system. (yellowpagesforkids.com)
  • An informal study by the 2000 ASHA Legislative Council Ad Hoc Schools Committee indicated that, with the implementation of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997 ( IDEA '97 ) and the increased importance of adequate working conditions and facilities in schools for SLPs and audiologists, an updated document addressing these areas was needed. (asha.org)
  • In this edition of reSearch, we explore the topic of education policy and persons with disabilities. (naric.com)
  • Legislation in education, along with civil rights laws such as the American with Disabilities Act, has dramatically improved the quality of life and fostered the full inclusion of people with disabilities, both in and out of school. (naric.com)
  • The education policies implemented from such legislation as the Individuals with Disabilities Act (formerly the Education for All Handicapped Children Act) created greater educational opportunities for persons with disabilities, thus improving their occupational opportunities, earning potential, access to quality health care, sense of self-determination, and overall quality of life. (naric.com)
  • The main search terms and education legislation reviewed in this research brief include: Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Education for All Handicapped Children Act, Higher Education Act, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Americans with Disabilities Act, Section 504, and No Child Left Behind Act. (naric.com)
  • These laws improve the quality of life of persons with disabilities by prohibiting public and private discrimination in employment, services, accommodations, and various programs receiving federal assistance, and provide financial assistance to State and local education agencies to guarantee special education and related services to eligible persons. (naric.com)
  • In addition to document searches, NARIC searched its Program Database of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) projects to locate grantees/projects related to the topic of education policy and persons with disabilities. (naric.com)

mental illness

  • Specializes in representing students with mental illness in higher education, such as students placed on leave of asbsence, denied accommodations, or charged with disciplinary action. (yellowpagesforkids.com)


  • ADULT LEGAL provides education advocacy training to parents through presentation of self-help seminars and a speaker's bureau, and additionally provides legal representation and parental support. (yellowpagesforkids.com)
  • advocacy, information, education and support to the disabled. (montereyherald.com)


  • It is a widely accepted sociological viewpoint that education and employment are very important factors in socioeconomic status, and greater socioeconomic status results in greater access to societal resources and thus improves quality of life. (naric.com)


  • Senator Harkin told Ms. Feder that he remained unsure whether the benefits Medicaid-eligible children now enjoy under the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment Services program--a funding source for medically related special-education services--would be covered under the Clinton plan, and vowed to protect those benefits. (edweek.org)
  • This document, part of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) 2000-2003 Focused Initiatives on School-Based Programs and Services, was a collaborative effort of ASHA Special Interest Division 16, School-Based Issues, and the Educational Audiology Association (EAA). (asha.org)
  • In 1966, the ASHA Housing Subcommittee on Speech and Hearing Services in the Schools wrote the original document, Recommendations for Housing of Speech Services in the Schools ( ASHA, 1967 ). (asha.org)
  • Text-to-Speech Software as a Means to Improve the Unaided Reading Comprehension and Overall Reading Skills of High School Students Identified for Special Education or 504 Services. (naric.com)


  • TAMPA - Listing the 1999 roadside death of student Eric Martin, the 2012 drowning of Jennifer Caballero and other incidents affecting disabled children, attorneys filed a second federal suit last week on behalf of the late Isabella Herrera. (tampabay.com)
  • TAMPA - A disabled kindergarten student in Apollo Beach soon might have a service dog accompany her to class, a possible first for the Hillsborough County school district. (tampabay.com)


  • He also has residuals of a skull fracture, impaired vision, and loss of hearing, each rated as noncompensable. (va.gov)
  • 6. The record reflects no active symptoms of residuals of a skull fracture, impaired vision and loss of hearing. (va.gov)
  • At that time he experienced seizures, severe headaches, a sinus condition, a neuropsychiatric condition, hearing loss, and a temporary loss of vision. (va.gov)


  • IDEA '97 mandates the availability of specialized equipment and teaching materials required to meet the goals and objectives of students' individualized education programs (IEPs). (asha.org)
  • Confidentiality is required by the ASHA Code of Ethics, individual state licensure boards, state boards of education, and IDEA '97. (asha.org)


  • The attorneys hope to show a pattern of disregard for exceptional student education children in the Hillsborough County Public Schools. (tampabay.com)


  • The Herrera lawsuit in November sought to prove discrimination that resulted in the improper treatment of disabled students. (tampabay.com)
  • It also did not show the district was engaging in a long-standing practice of ignoring complaints from disabled students. (tampabay.com)


  • 2. The veteran was born in April 1953, and has a high school education. (va.gov)


  • See Education Week, Nov. 24, 1993. (edweek.org)
  • Prior to his entrance to service in 1959 or 1960 he injured his head, was hospitalized, and reportedly lost his vision and hearing for about a week. (va.gov)


  • Individualized, comprehensive and functional curriculum programs provided by an experienced Education and Behavioral Consultant. (yellowpagesforkids.com)



  • Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., who chaired the hearing, took the opportunity to criticize the Administration's proposed 'health security act'' and tout the single-payer plan. (edweek.org)
  • Justia › US Law › Case Law › Federal Courts › Courts of Appeals › Sixth Circuit › 1981 › Patricia Parish, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Joseph A. Califano, Jr., Secretary of Health, Education And. (justia.com)


  • Sen. Tom Harkin, D-Iowa, reiterated a concern that has been echoing throughout the special-education community. (edweek.org)
  • I represent families in special education and discipline matters in the DC Metropolitan Area. (yellowpagesforkids.com)


  • community education and outreach. (montereyherald.com)
  • Community-Based Transformational Learning promotes student academic achievement through engaged learning in authentic settings, including internships, cooperative education, research projects, fieldwork and service learning. (unf.edu)


  • REPRESENTATION Appellant represented by: The American Legion WITNESS AT HEARING ON APPEAL Appellant ATTORNEY FOR THE BOARD J. Schimpf, Associate Counsel INTRODUCTION The veteran has confirmed active service from July 1971 to August 1972. (va.gov)


  • ERIC provides free access to more than 1.2 million bibliographic records of journal articles and other education-related materials and, if available, includes links to full text. (naric.com)


  • Last month, some vigilant Twitter users using the iOS 11 public beta discovered a new way to quickly disable Touch ID by just tapping the power. (eff.org)


  • No search on education would be complete without a review of documents in Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) database. (naric.com)