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underage drinking : NPRunderage drinking
DIY Drinking Strawz | ThinkGeekThinkGeek Customer Action Shot forDIY Drinking Strawz ...
Samsung Limits Drinking After WorkSamsung has implemented a strict rule to battle the excessive drinking that's a standard feature of 'hoesik' (staff dinners) in ... Samsung Limits Drinking After Work. 11/29/2012 3:59AM Samsung has implemented a strict rule to battle the excessive drinking ... I ... the ... for employees attending staff did its ... implementing rules around drinking alcohol joining me now Alastair Gale ... is drinking very much part of the business culture in South Korea ... yes it is very much ... um ... too many business tools to ...
Healthy Kids Minute: Binge DrinkingShe discusses the large number of high schoolers who are engaging in Binge Drinking. ... Healthy Kids Minute: Binge Drinking. Posted: Thu, Feb 28, 2013. * ... She discusses the large number of high schoolers who are engaging in Binge Drinking. ...
Drinking my worries away. : DenverBroncosreddit: the front page of the internet
Ramona's Drinking Problem? Clip | HuluWatch The Real Housewives of New York City: Ramona's Drinking Problem? online.
drinking - Ultimate Guitarhey this might be the wrong place for this but im not sure well ive been drinking before no **** blah blah blah but just ... dont drink. or drive. dont listen to me. but dont get cancer while listening to me in your car after drinking, that would just ... but just recently my usual 5 shots of svedka and 2 5.9 beer havent been getting me drunk at all, how much should i drink? ... well ive been drinking before no **** blah blah blah. ... Petty obvious question.....until you feel a good level of drunk ...
Lower Drinking Age Is Criticized - washingtonpost.comLowering the legal drinking age might get students to drink less. ... Lowering the legal drinking age might get students to drink ... Lower Drinking Age Is Criticized. On the face of it, the notion seems counterintuitive, but to the presidents of some of the ...
Demon DrinkGeocaching is a treasure hunting game where you use a GPS to hide and seek containers with other participants in the activity. Geocaching.com is the listing service for geocaches around the world.
Quenching Russia's Drinking Problem | Christianity TodayRussia's drinking problem affects every facet of national life. There's the sheer fact of 30,000 deaths each year from alcohol ... Quenching Russia's Drinking Problem 30,000 die each year of alcohol poisoning. New Christian programs bring faith into rehab ... Quenching Russia's Drinking Problem 30,000 die each year of alcohol poisoning. New Christian programs bring faith into rehab ... Following his arrest, 29-year-old Alexander Maximov, who had been drinking for two days straight and had landed a DUI arrest ...
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(1/1487) Sodium requirement of adult cats for maintenance based on plasma aldosterone concentration.
The sodium requirement of adult cats for maintenance was determined using a randomized block design of eight dietary sodium treatments (0.1, 0.4, 0.5, 0.66, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6 or 2.0 g Na/kg in a casein-lactalbumin-based purified diet) administered for periods of 4 wk. A total of 35 adult specific-pathogen-free domestic shorthaired cats (26 males and 9 females, 1.5-3 y of age) was given an equilibration diet (2 g Na/kg) for 14 d before assignment (or reassignment) to the treatments. A total of 12 cats (8 males, 4 females) was randomly assigned to the lowest six levels of sodium, and four cats to the highest two sodium levels. Cats consuming the diet containing 0.1 g Na/kg had significantly elevated aldosterone concentration in plasma, and packed cell volume. In addition, these cats exhibited anorexia, body weight loss, reduced urinary specific gravity and sodium excretion, and had a negative sodium balance. However, adult cats did not develop polydypsia and polyuria reported in sodium-deficient kittens. Cats given the diet containing 0.66 g Na/kg did not have an increased packed cell volume, but aldosterone concentration in the plasma was significantly elevated. However, cats given diets containing >/=0.8 g Na/kg had plasma aldosterone concentrations =0.7 nmol/L (reference value for sodium-replete cats) and normal packed-cell volumes. A minimal sodium requirement of adult cats for maintenance of 0.8 g Na/kg diet (energy density = 22 kJ/g diet) or 0.4 mmol Na. kg body weight-1. d-1 is proposed. (+info)
(2/1487) Assessment of swallowing and referral to speech and language therapists in acute stroke.
The best clinical assessment of swallowing following acute stroke, in order to decide whether to refer a patient to a speech and language therapist (SLT), is uncertain. Independently of the managing clinical team, we prospectively investigated 115 patients (51 male) with acute stroke, mean age 75 years (range 24-94) within 72 h of admission, using a questionnaire, structured examination and timed water swallowing test. Outcome variables included referral to and intervention by a speech and language therapist (SLT), dietary modification, respiratory complications and death. Of those patients in whom an SLT recommended intervention, 97% were detected by an abnormal quantitative water swallowing test; specificity was 69%. An SLT was very unlikely to recommend any intervention if the test was normal. Inability to perform a water test and/or abnormality of the test was associated with significantly increased relative risks of death, chest infection and dietary modification. A timed water swallowing test can be a useful test of swallowing and may be used to screen patients for referral to a speech and language therapist after acute stroke. (+info)
(3/1487) Effect of meat (beef, chicken, and bacon) on rat colon carcinogenesis.
High intake of red meat or processed meat is associated with increased risk of colon cancer. In contrast, consumption of white meat (chicken) is not associated with risk and might even reduce the occurrence of colorectal cancer. We speculated that a diet containing beef or bacon would increase and a diet containing chicken would decrease colon carcinogenesis in rats. One hundred female Fischer 344 rats were given a single injection of azoxymethane (20 mg/kg i.p.), then randomized to 10 different AIN-76-based diets. Five diets were adjusted to 14% fat and 23% protein and five other diets to 28% fat and 40% protein. Fat and protein were supplied by 1) lard and casein, 2) olive oil and casein, 3) beef, 4) chicken with skin, and 5) bacon. Meat diets contained 30% or 60% freeze-dried fried meat. The diets were given ad libitum for 100 days, then colon tumor promotion was assessed by the multiplicity of aberrant crypt foci [number of crypts per aberrant crypt focus (ACF)]. The ACF multiplicity was nearly the same in all groups, except bacon-fed rats, with no effect of fat and protein level or source (p = 0.7 between 8 groups by analysis of variance). In contrast, compared with lard- and casein-fed controls, the ACF multiplicity was reduced by 12% in rats fed a diet with 30% bacon and by 20% in rats fed a diet with 60% bacon (p < 0.001). The water intake was higher in bacon-fed rats than in controls (p < 0.0001). The concentrations of iron and bile acids in fecal water and total fatty acids in feces changed with diet, but there was no correlation between these concentrations and the ACF multiplicity. Thus the hypothesis that colonic iron, bile acids, or total fatty acids can promote colon tumors is not supported by this study. The results suggest that, in rats, beef does not promote the growth of ACF and chicken does not protect against colon carcinogenesis. A bacon-based diet appears to protect against carcinogenesis, perhaps because bacon contains 5% NaCl and increased the rats' water intake. (+info)
(4/1487) Nitrogen retention by lambs fed oscillating dietary protein concentrations.
Nitrogen excreted by beef cattle can be retained in manure or lost by volatilization to the atmosphere or by runoff and percolation into surface or ground water. Increasing the retention of dietary N should decrease environmental losses. To this end, the effects of oscillating concentrations of dietary CP on nutrient retention were determined using lambs fed a 90% concentrate diet. Ten St. Croix lambs (average BW = 27 kg) were used in two 5x5 Latin square experiments. Dietary treatments were as follows: 1) 10% CP, 2) 12.5% CP, 3) 15% CP, 4) 10% and 15% CP diets oscillated at 24-h intervals, and 5) 10% and 15% CP diets oscillated at 48-h intervals. Supplemental N was provided by cottonseed meal in Trial 1 and by a 50:50 (N basis) blend of cottonseed meal and urea in Trial 2. Each period of the Latin square lasted 35 d, with excreta collection the final 8 d. Nitrogen retention increased linearly (P<.01) with increasing N intake in both trials (.77, 1.33, and 1.89 g/d for 10, 12.5, and 15% CP, respectively, in Trial 1; .94, 1.78, and 2.19 g/d for 10, 12.5, and 15% CP, respectively, in Trial 2). Compared with continuously feeding the 12.5% CP diet, oscillating the 10 and 15% CP diets on a 24-h basis did not affect N retention (P>.10) in either trial (1.62 and 1.56 g/d for Trials 1 and 2, respectively). Oscillating dietary CP at 48-h intervals did not affect N retention in Trial 2 (1.82 g/d) but increased (P<.05) N retention by 38% in Trial 1 (1.87 g/d). Phosphorus, K, and Na retention and excretion were not affected by dietary treatments in Trial 1. In Trial 2, P retention increased (linear, P<.05) with increasing dietary CP and was greater (P<.05) in lambs on the 48-h oscillation treatment than in lambs fed the 12.5% CP diet. These results suggest that oscillating the dietary CP concentrations might potentially increase the utilization of N by ruminants fed high-concentrate diets. (+info)
(5/1487) Effect of individual or combined ablation of the nuclear groups of the lamina terminalis on water drinking in sheep.
The subfornical organ (SFO), organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis (OVLT), and median preoptic nucleus (MnPO) were ablated either individually or in various combinations, and the effects on drinking induced by either intravenous infusion of hypertonic 4 M NaCl (1.3 ml/min for 30 min) or water deprivation for 48 h were studied. Ablation of either the OVLT or SFO alone did not affect drinking in response to intravenous 4 M NaCl, although combined ablation of these two circumventricular organs substantially reduced but did not abolish such drinking. Ablation of the MnPO or MnPO and SFO together also substantially reduced, but did not abolish, drinking in response to intravenous hypertonic NaCl. Only near-total destruction of the lamina terminalis (OVLT, MnPO, and part or all of the SFO) abolished acute osmotically induced drinking. The large lesions also reduced drinking after water deprivation, whereas none of the other lesions significantly affected such drinking. None of these lesions altered feeding. The results show that all parts of the lamina terminalis play a role in the drinking induced by acute increases in plasma tonicity. The lamina terminalis appears to play a less crucial role in the drinking response after water deprivation than for the drinking response to acute intravenous infusion of hypertonic saline. (+info)
(6/1487) Use of doxycycline-controlled gene expression to reversibly alter milk-protein composition in transgenic mice.
A reverse tetracycline transactivator-encoding cDNA under the control of the mammary specific beta-lactoglobulin promoter was linked to a bovine alpha-lactalbumin transcription unit driven by a reverse tetracycline-controlled transactivator/doxycycline-inducible human cytomegalovirus promoter. The construct was microinjected into eggs from alpha-lactalbumin-deficient mice. These mice produce a highly viscous lactose-free milk and have a shortened lactation period. Mice from three out of the nine transgenic lines investigated expressed reverse tetracycline-controlled transactivator mRNA in their lactating mammary glands at levels detectable by Northern analysis. Following doxycycline addition to the drinking water, lactation was fully restored in animals from the three lines. Doxycycline removal resulted in a reversal of phenotype. The observed mammary-specific and high expression of the doxycycline inducible reporter gene (up to 5.2 mg of recombinant alpha-lactalbumin.mL-1 of milk, i.e. up to 13-fold induction) opens up exciting prospects to use the tetracycline system to study the development and functioning of the mammary gland, and to control the production level of active pharmaceutical proteins in the milk of transgenic animals. (+info)
(7/1487) Effect of prolonged administration of a urinary kinase inhibitor, ebelactone B on the development of deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertension in rats.
The effect of prolonged administration of a carboxypeptidase Y-like kininase inhibitor, ebelactone B (EB) (2-ethyl-3, 11-dihydroxy-4, 6, 8, 10, 12-pentamethyl-9-oxo-6-tetradecenoic 1, 3-lactone), on the development of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension was tested. The systolic blood pressure (SBP) of non-treated 6-week-old Sprague-Dawley strain rats was gradually increased by DOCA-salt treatment from 137+/-2 mmHg (n=11) to 195+/-7 mmHg at 10 weeks of age. With daily oral administration of lisinopril (5 mg kg(-1), twice a day), which is an inhibitor of angiotensin converting enzyme, a major kininase in plasma, the development of hypertension was not suppressed. By contrast, administration of EB (5 mg kg(-1), twice a day), completely inhibited the development of hypertension (SBP: 146+/-1 mmHg, n=5, 10 weeks old). The reduced SBP at 10 weeks of age was equal to the SBP before any treatment (142+/-1 mmHg, n=5). Direct determination of mean blood pressure (MBP) in conscious, unrestrained rats confirmed that MBP elevation was completely inhibited by EB. Continuous subcutaneous infusion (5 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) of HOE140, a bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist, restored the elevation of SBP, which was suppressed by EB. The weights of left ventricle of DOCA-salt treated rats 10-weeks-old (0.36+/-0.02 g 100 g body weight(-1), n=11) was significantly reduced by EB (0.27+/-0.01, n=5), as were the sodium levels in serum, cerebrospinal fluid and erythrocyte. These findings suggested that EB is effective in preventing salt-related hypertension presumably by eliminating sodium retention. (+info)
(8/1487) Long-term CCK-leptin synergy suggests a role for CCK in the regulation of body weight.
The gut peptide CCK is a nutrient-related signal important to the control of food intake. In the present studies, we observed that a single intraperitoneal injection of CCK (1-2 microgram/kg) given 2-3 h after intracerebroventricular leptin (2-5 microgram) reduced body weight and chow intake over the ensuing 48 h more than did leptin alone. CCK alone had no effect on either 48-h chow intake or body weight but significantly reduced feeding during a 30-min sucrose test. However, reduction of 30-min sucrose intake by CCK was not enhanced by prior intracerebroventricular leptin. The present data suggest that CCK can contribute to the regulation of body weight when central leptin levels are elevated. (+info)
- Critics contend that trying to define such amorphous terms as moderate or socially responsible drinking is pointless and that the new attention to the concept is little more than finding ways to rationalize alcohol abuse. (latimes.com)
- But in his media appearances and in "The Better Way to Drink," a book he first published in 1982, Vogler has become a champion of the contention that drinking in moderation can be learned behavior and that most alcohol abuse isn't a sickness at all, just bad behavior that can be corrected. (latimes.com)
- Vogler's ideas about moderate drinking are predicated on the objective of drinking so as not to exceed a level of alcohol in the blood of .055%--a little more than half the .10% alcohol content necessary to be presumed guilty of drunk driving. (latimes.com)
- Drinking and party-going behavior, then, Vogler said, should be predicated on means to stay within the .055 limit--a level of alcohol influence that stops short of the feeling most people would equate with being tipsy or drunk but recognizes that perhaps the main reason humans use alcohol is to feel a little high. (latimes.com)
- If a drinker continues to drink and pushes his or her blood alcohol level above .055%, Vogler said, the higher high won't feel materially better and the descent past .055% again will seem a far different, definitely worse sensation than the same level when it was first reached. (latimes.com)
- The Drinking Water Revolving Fund provides low-interest loans to water suppliers to finance the construction (including upgrades/expansions) of public drinking water systems. (michigan.gov)
- To assist water suppliers in providing safe/high quality drinking water. (michigan.gov)
- Certain federal requirements may also apply and are spelled out in Title XIV of the Public Health Services Act (commonly referred to as the Safe Drinking Water Act). (michigan.gov)
- Primarily, applicants must present environmentally sound water supply projects which are drawn from a Project Priority List (PPL) administered by the Office of Drinking Water and Municipal Assistance. (michigan.gov)
- Part 54, Act 451 of the Public Acts of 1994 and Title XIV of the Public Health Service Act (commonly referred to as the Safe Drinking Water Act). (michigan.gov)
- The EPA Safe Drinking Water Hotline provides the general public, regulators, medical and water professionals, academia, and media, with information about drinking water and ground water programs authorized under the Safe Drinking Water Act.Call toll free and speak with an Information Specialist Monday through Friday, 10:00 am to 4:00 pm eastern time at 1-800-426-4791. (healthfinder.gov)
- The National Drinking Water Clearinghouse (NDWC) at West Virginia University is a public service organization that collects, develops, and distributes timely drinking water-related information. (healthfinder.gov)
- Sponsored through the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Rural Utilities Service (RUS), the NDWC serves as an extension of RUS's commitment to providing technical assistance to America's small and rural drinking water treatment plants. (healthfinder.gov)
- A refreshing drink of cold water on a hot day or after a bout of exercise is something many people enjoy. (ehow.com)
- While this isn't true, there are certain hazards you should be aware of when you drink cold water in large quantities. (ehow.com)
- Drinking cold water during exercise is a commonly accepted way of bringing down your temperature and making sure you keep hydrated. (ehow.com)
- The most obvious hazard of drinking cold water is the effect it has on sensitive teeth. (ehow.com)
- If you have tooth decay or a cavity, then drinking cold water or eating something cold will cause the sensitive area to react to the temperature extreme. (ehow.com)
- Drinking cold water after eating is regarded by some as being potentially hazardous. (ehow.com)
- However, drinking water while or after eating spicy food can make you feel uncomfortable as the water washes down anything in your throat, allowing the food's full "heat" to be experienced. (ehow.com)
- Some people believe that drinking cold water can lead to long-term health problems such as cancer. (ehow.com)
- Losing weight by drinking cold water is super easy and the cheapest diet plan out there. (ehow.com)
- How Much Weight Can You Lose by Drinking Water? (ehow.com)
- Drinking at work: The new water cooler? (yahoo.com)
- Learn about common parasites found in drinking water worldwide. (brighthub.com)
- Avoiding contaminated drinking water is the only way to keep from contracting the diseases associated with parasitic infection. (brighthub.com)
- When people swallow these parasites found in drinking water, larvae move from the intestines to the skin, where they cause sores. (brighthub.com)
- These ameba parasites are usually ingested via drinking water contaminated with fecal matter. (brighthub.com)
- If you're traveling abroad, keep in mind that drinking water often comes from these sources. (brighthub.com)
- Contaminated drinking water is something you might have to contend with, if you travel abroad, especially if you tour or do business in developing countries. (brighthub.com)
- Drinking boiled or bottled water can help avoid most parasites found in drinking water-but not always. (brighthub.com)
- Talk with your health care provider and other experts about specific precautions you can take to avoid parasites and germs while traveling to locations with known contaminated drinking water. (brighthub.com)
- Keep in mind that some parasites, such as Giardia, are also found in some drinking water in America. (brighthub.com)
- The industry campaign also draws on a small number of research studies that have tentatively linked moderate drinking with modest health benefits. (latimes.com)
- Ramona's Drinking Problem? (hulu.com)
- Russia's drinking problem affects every facet of national life. (christianitytoday.com)
- until you feel a good level of drunk? (ultimate-guitar.com)
- On the face of it, the notion seems counterintuitive, but to the presidents of some of the nation's most prestigious colleges, it makes a lot of sense: Lowering the legal drinking age might get students to drink less. (washingtonpost.com)
- Roger Vogler has opined, in interviews and talk shows, about holiday drinking so often that he has a sheaf of papers specially prepared for such occasions, summarizing what hosts and guests can do to get through this time of year as safely as possible. (latimes.com)
- Under current law, a drunk driver will spend less than 10 years behind bars if convicted of manslaughter. (christianitytoday.com)
- She discusses the large number of high schoolers who are engaging in Binge Drinking. (philly.com)
- It's not uncommon to feel a little chilly after eating or drinking cold foods, but severe chills including shivering whenever you eat. (ehow.com)
- Following his arrest, 29-year-old Alexander Maximov, who had been drinking for two days straight and had landed a DUI arrest two years prior, told investigators, 'I always do what I want. (christianitytoday.com)
- As such, with appearances on television and radio and in newspaper and magazine interviews, the Pomona College psychologist has emerged as a key spokesman in what seems to be a new national emphasis on "moderate" drinking. (latimes.com)
- June 7, 2012 -- Drinking three cups of coffee per day may help turn the tide against Alzheimer's disease among older adults who are already showing signs of memory problems, a new study shows. (webmd.com)
- The main alcoholic beverage industry group, the Distilled Spirits Council of the United States, has joined in the fray, distributing a holiday season press kit noting that the council has, for years, "promoted safe, responsible, moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages for those who choose to drink. (latimes.com)
- This is equivalent to drinking several cups of coffee a few hours before giving blood. (webmd.com)