Disease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Parental Notification: Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).Contact Tracing: Identification of those persons (or animals) who have had such an association with an infected person, animal, or contaminated environment as to have had the opportunity to acquire the infection. Contact tracing is a generally accepted method for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.
The Occupational Disease Pilot Program & Healthcare - Legal Talk NetworkEmail Notifications. Subscribe to our newsletter, and never miss another episode.. Newsletter Signup ... The Occupational Disease Pilot Program & Healthcare. Health Care reform continues to be at the forefront of the Obama ... a close look at the delivery of medical benefits when it comes to occupational disease and how workers compensation may or may ... compensation and the Occupational Disease Pilot Program: a close look at the delivery of medical benefits when it comes to ...
Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Celiac Disease, Inflammation and Oxidative Damage: A Nutrigenetic Approach | Notes... play a protective role against toxicity of gliadin peptides and have a role in nutritional therapy of celiac disease. ... Celiac disease (CD), a common heritable chronic inflammatory condition of the small intestine caused by permanent intolerance ... have provided an important contribution to the understanding of the biochemical and immunological aspects of the disease and ... Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals Select Journal/Journals: Actuators. ...
Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Dietary Sugars and Endogenous Formation of Advanced Glycation Endproducts: Emerging Mechanisms of...An emerging topic in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases related to modern nutrition is the role of Advanced Glycation ... to prevent the development of metabolic diseases and related comorbidities. ... The rapid increase in metabolic diseases, which occurred in the last three decades in both industrialized and developing ... Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals Select Journal/Journals: Actuators. ...
IJMS | Free Full-Text | Relationship between Serum Osteocalcin Levels and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Adult Males,...To determine serum osteocalcin levels in South Chinese males with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to examine the ... Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals Select Journal/Journals: Actuators. ... Relationship between Serum Osteocalcin Levels and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Adult Males, South China. Jun-Jie Liu 1 ... Center for Metabolic Disease and Diabetes, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, China ...
IJMS | Free Full-Text | Neuroprotective Effects of Psychotropic Drugs in Huntington's Disease | HTMLThe most promising findings involve replicated striatal neuroprotection and phenotypic disease modification in transgenic mice ... delayed disease onset (nortriptyline, melatonin), striatal preservation (haloperidol, tetrabenazine, lithium, sertraline), ... are commonly prescribed to treat Huntington's disease (HD). In HD preclinical models, while no psychotropic has convincingly ... Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals Select Journal/Journals: Actuators. ...
Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Calcium Regulation and Bone Mineral Metabolism in Elderly Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease |...These alterations can be deleterious to bone mineral metabolism and soft tissue health, leading to metabolic bone disease and ... The elderly chronic kidney disease (CKD) population is growing. Both aging and CKD can disrupt calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis and ... Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals Select Journal/Journals: Actuators. ... Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) predicts progression of chronic kidney disease: The Mild to Moderate Kidney Disease (MMKD) ...
Diseases | Free Full-Text | Trypanosomatid Aquaporins: Roles in Physiology and Drug Response | Notes... which are responsible for disease and fatalities in millions of humans worldwide, especially in non-industrialized countries in ... Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals Select Journal/Journals: Actuators. ... Diseases EISSN 2079-9721 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert ... Diseases - the Reasons for a New Challenge in Open Access Medicine Research ...
Epidemiology of Syphilis in the United States, 1941-1993 : Sexually Transmitted DiseasesSexually Transmitted Diseases. Usefulness of Partner Notification for Syphilis Control. Kohl, KS; Farley, TA; Ewell, J; ... Sexually transmitted diseases in England and Wales: 1981-1990. Communicable Disease Report Review 1992; 2:R1-R7. *Cited Here... ... Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Estimates of the Incidence and Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the United States ... Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Racial/Ethnic Group Differences in the Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the United ...
Patente US5460605 - Diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of coronary artery disease by exercise ... - Google Patentes... evaluation and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) by means of a closed-loop drug delivery system that delivers an ... System and method for notification and escalation of medical data. US8805492. 25 Jun 2009. 12 Ago 2014. Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc ... The annual economic cost of cardiovascular disease alone is estimated to be $85 billion. Cardiovascular disease has many ... Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases affect over 63 million people in the United States, equivalent to one of every four ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Forum » TopixCommunity discussions and forums for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention : ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention News. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention News. * A 'Boil Water Advisory' ... Topix › Centers for Disease Control and Prevention › Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Forum ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Forum. Forums and message boards for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ...
Demographic Differences in Notifiable Infectious Disease Morbidity -- United States, 1992-1994Editorial Note: The findings in this analysis underscore the usefulness of reporting individual case data for evaluation of the differences in major causes of reported morbidity in the United States for both males and females of all ages. Although women use the health-care system more frequently than men (4), for seven of the 10 most commonly reported notifiable diseases the reported incidence is lower among women. Among the three broad age categories, the incidences for salmonellosis (28.2 cases per 100,000 population), shigellosis (25.9), and hepatitis A (13.5) were highest among children. Because hepatitis A virus infection in young children is often asymptomatic, the true incidence of this infectious disease among children may be substantially higher than that based on acute disease surveillance. Among adults, only for salmonellosis and shigellosis were the rates higher for women than for men. Although most cases of salmonellosis are associated with ...
Notifiable disease reporting :: SA HealthWhen and how clinicians should notify SA Health of the occurance of notifiable diseases under the Public & Environmental Health Act
sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/public content/sa health internet/clinical resources/health notifications/notifiable disease reporting/notifiable disease reporting
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Notifiable disease: A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities. The collation of information allows the authorities to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks.Contact tracing: In epidemiology, contact tracing is the identification and diagnosis of persons who may have come into contact with an infected person. For sexually transmitted diseases, this is generally limited to sexual partners and can fall under the heading of partner services.
(1/646) Assessing the sensitivity of STD surveillance in the Netherlands: an application of the capture--recapture method.
The capture-recapture method was used to estimate the sensitivity of case finding in two national STD surveillance systems: (1) STD registration at municipal health services (STD-MHS); (2) statutory notification by clinicians (NNS). To identify those cases common to both surveillance systems, cases from 1995 were compared using individual identifiers. Estimated sensitivities for syphilis were: STD-MHS 31% (95% CI: 27-35%), NNS 64% (56-71%); and for gonorrhoea: STD-MHS 15% (14-18%), NNS 22% (19-25%). The combined sensitivity of both systems was 76% for syphilis and 34% for gonorrhoea. Differences in the sensitivity of the systems were significant. The NNS was more sensitive than the STD-MHS, and the identification of cases was significantly more sensitive for syphilis than for gonorrhoea. A stratified analysis showed comparable results for the two sexes. Knowledge on the sensitivity of surveillance systems is useful for public health decisions and essential for international comparisons. (+info)
(2/646) Changing epidemiology of dengue hemorrhagic fever in Thailand.
Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS) are reportable diseases, the third most common causes for hospitalization of children in Thailand. Data collected from the Ministry of Public Health were analysed for trends. Rates of DHF increased in Thailand until 1987 when the largest epidemic ever, 325/100000 population, was recorded. Whereas the disease used to be confined to large cities, the rate is now higher in rural (102.2 per 100000) than urban areas (95.4 per 100000 in 1997). The age of highest incidence has increased, and the age group most severely affected is now those 5-9 years old (679/100000 in 1997). The case fatality rate has decreased with improved treatment and is now only 0.28%. (+info)
(3/646) The role of private medical practitioners and their interactions with public health services in Asian countries.
This paper aims to review the role of private practitioners and their interactions with public health services in developing countries, focusing largely on the Asian region. Evidence on the distribution of health facilities, manpower, health expenditures and utilization rates shows that private practitioners are significant health care providers in many Asian countries. Limited information has been published on interactions between public and private providers despite their co-existence. Issues related to enforcement of regulations, human resources, patient referrals and disease notifications, are examined. (+info)
(4/646) Managing meningitis in children: audit of notifications, rifampicin chemoprophylaxis, and audiological referrals.
Important aspects of the management of meningitis in children include notification to local officers for control of communicable diseases; chemoprophylaxis for index cases and close contacts in cases of meningococcal or Haemophilus influenzae meningitis; and a formal hearing assessment for all survivors. A retrospective audit of these aspects of management was carried out for children admitted with meningitis in 12 months from 1 September 1990 to 31 August 1991 at the Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children. Only 20 of 36(56%) cases were notified by medical staff. Chemoprophylaxis was arranged for all close family contacts but to only five of the 23(22%) index cases for whom it was indicated. Appointments for audiological testing were arranged for only 19 of the 32(59%) survivors. Subsequently all doctors, including each intake of junior doctors, were given written information on the importance of notification and locally agreed guidelines for chemoprophylaxis and hearing assessments for survivors before discharge. Guidelines were also displayed prominently in each ward. A repeat audit from January 1992 to December 1992 showed significant improvement in these aspects of care. Twenty eight of 32 cases (88%) were notified, chemoprophylaxis was given to 20 of 22(91%) index cases for whom it was indicated, and 25 of 29(86%) survivors had hearing assessments arranged before discharge. Correct management of some aspects of care cannot be assumed, even if statutory (notification), nationally agreed (chemoprophylaxis), or generally agreed good practice (hearing assessments). These aspects of care improved after the first audit but the authors conclude that the notification rate remains below 100% and a repeat audit is necessary. (+info)
(5/646) Investigation of under-ascertainment in epidemiological studies based in general practice.
BACKGROUND: One of the aims of the Study of Infectious Intestinal Disease (IID) in England is to estimate the incidence of IID presenting to general practice. This sub-study aims to estimate and correct the degree of under-ascertainment in the national study. METHODS: Cases of presumed IID which presented to general practice in the national study had been ascertained by their GP. In 26 general practices, cases with computerized diagnoses suggestive of IID were identified retrospectively. Cases which fulfilled the case definition of IID and should have been ascertained to the coordinating centre but were not, represented the under-ascertainment. Logistic regression modelling was used to identify independent factors which influenced under-ascertainment. RESULTS: The records of 2021 patients were examined, 1514 were eligible and should have been ascertained but only 974 (64%) were. There was variation in ascertainment between the practices (30% to 93%). Patient-related factors independently associated with ascertainment were: i) vomiting only as opposed to diarrhoea with and without vomiting (OR 0.37) and ii) consultation in the surgery as opposed to at home (OR 2.18). Practice-related factors independently associated with ascertainment were: i) participation in the enumeration study component (OR 1.78), ii) a larger number of partners (OR 0.3 for 7-8 partners); iii) rural location (OR 2.27) and iv) previous research experience (OR 1.92). Predicted ascertainment percentages were calculated according to practice characteristics. CONCLUSION: Under-ascertainment of IID was substantial (36%) and non-random and had to be corrected. Practice characteristics influencing variation in ascertainment were identified and a multivariate model developed to identify adjustment factors which could be applied to individual practices. Researchers need to be aware of factors which influence ascertainment in acute epidemiological studies based in general practice. (+info)
(6/646) Reporting race and ethnicity data--National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance, 1994-1997.
Reporting accurate and complete race and ethnicity data in public health surveillance systems provides critical information to target and evaluate public health interventions, particularly for minority populations. A national health objective for 2000 is to improve data collection on race and ethnicity in public health surveillance and data systems. To determine progress toward meeting this goal in CDC's National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance (NETSS), the percentage of case reports of selected nationally notifiable diseases reported through NETSS with information regarding a patient's race and ethnicity was calculated for 1994-1997. The findings of this study indicate these data were received for approximately half of the cases, and the completeness of reporting of race and ethnicity data to NETSS had not improved. (+info)
(7/646) Hidden mortality attributable to Rocky Mountain spotted fever: immunohistochemical detection of fatal, serologically unconfirmed disease.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is the most severe tickborne infection in the United States and is a nationally notifiable disease. Since 1981, the annual case-fatality ratio for RMSF has been determined from laboratory-confirmed cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Herein, a description is given of patients with fatal, serologically unconfirmed RMSF for whom a diagnosis of RMSF was established by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining of tissues obtained at autopsy. During 1996-1997, acute-phase serum and tissue samples from patients with fatal disease compatible with RMSF were tested at the CDC. As determined by indirect immunofluorescence assay, no patient serum demonstrated IgG or IgM antibodies reactive with Rickettsia rickettsii at a diagnostic titer (i.e., >/=64); however, IHC staining confirmed diagnosis of RMSF in all patients. Polymerase chain reaction validated the IHC findings for 2 patients for whom appropriate samples were available for testing. These findings suggest that dependence on serologic assays and limited use of IHC staining for confirmation of fatal RMSF results in underestimates of mortality and of case-fatality ratios for this disease. (+info)
(8/646) Social factors associated with increases in tuberculosis notifications.
This study assessed the contribution of immigration and deprivation to the changes in tuberculosis notifications in Liverpool over the last 20 yrs. Ethnic origin was retrospectively assigned to all named cases from 1974 to 1995. Average tuberculosis rates were calculated for the 33 council wards in Liverpool for 1981-1985 and 1991-1995. Multiple regression was used to determine the independent effects of socioeconomic and population measures from the 1981 and 1991 censuses in explaining these ward-based rates. Since 1974, there has been a steady increase in the percentage of non-Caucasian cases of tuberculosis, from 8.7% in 1975-1977, 15.1% in 1981-1983, 17.5% in 1987-1989 to 28.0% in 1993-1995. Multiple regression analysis showed that in 1981 only unemployment had a significant independent relationship with tuberculosis rates, but in 1991 two indices of deprivation and ethnicity had a significant influence. The increasing proportion of non-Caucasian tuberculosis cases, both while the number of notifications was declining before 1987 and increasing afterwards, is not necessarily consistent with the concept that immigration has influenced the recent increase. However, the fact that ethnicity now independently explains some of the council ward variations but did not in the early 1980s suggests that immigration does influence the distribution of disease within the city. (+info)
Centers for Diseas
- Surveillance data on cases of syphilis and congenital syphilis reported by state and city health departments to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were analyzed to show distribution and trends by geographic location, racial and ethnic groups, gender, and age. (lww.com)
- Methods and devices for the diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) by means of a closed-loop drug delivery system that delivers an exercise simulating agent, including novel exercise simulating agents which elicit both acute and adaptive cardiovascular responses similar. (google.es)
- Methods and devices for the diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) by means of a closed-loop drug delivery system that delivers an exercise simulating agent, including novel exercise simulating agents which elicit both acute and adaptive cardiovascular responses similar to those elicited by aerobic activity are provided. (google.es)
- These agents should not be used in patients with severe coronary artery disease or severe/uncontrolled hypertension. (drugs.com)
- Subscribe to receive email notifications whenever new articles are published. (drugs.com)
- Although these effects are uncommon and usually limited to overdosage situations, the manufacturers and some clinicians recommend that therapy with antihistamines be administered cautiously in patients with cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and/or hyperthyroidism. (drugs.com)
- The elderly chronic kidney disease (CKD) population is growing. (mdpi.com)
- Defects in calcium (Ca 2+ ) homeostasis and bone mineral metabolism are major causes of morbidity and mortality in elderly chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, a steadily growing population worldwide [ 1 ]. (mdpi.com)
- The most promising findings involve replicated striatal neuroprotection and phenotypic disease modification in transgenic mice for tetrabenazine and for sertraline. (mdpi.com)
- DUBLIN, Ireland & MADISON, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Jun 17, 2008 - Elan Corporation, plc (NYSE: ELN) and Wyeth (NYSE: WYE) today announced encouraging preliminary findings from a Phase 2 study of bapineuzumab (AAB-001) in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease. (drugs.com)
- FRIDAY, April 4 -- Your risk of developing tongue cancer increases if you have severe gum disease along with human papillomavirus (HPV), new research suggests. (drugs.com)
- FDA is warning that the liver disease medicine Ocaliva (obeticholic acid) is being incorrectly dosed in some patients with moderate to severe. (drugs.com)
- It is often what went wrong that dictates the course of stories about exotic diseases or the challenge of diagnosis. (washingtonpost.com)
- IMP731 has demonstrated potency at low doses in preclinical models of T-cell mediated inflammation and could represent a new therapeutic approach to the treatment of autoimmune disease. (drugs.com)
- Overall, such a targeted therapy, inducing long-term effects with a minimum number of injections is a promising approach in the many autoimmune diseases where self-antigens have activated T-cells, for example, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. (drugs.com)
- The preliminary analyses of the Phase 2 study are a continued validation of the amyloid approach to Alzheimer's disease and an important milestone in our companies' ongoing commitment to bring new treatment options to patients," said Kelly Martin, President and CEO of Elan. (drugs.com)
- Chronically activated T-cells are a major component in many autoimmune diseases. (drugs.com)
- Activated T-cells and autoimmune disease Activated T lymphocytes are of major importance in many autoimmune diseases. (drugs.com)
- Some manufacturers and clinicians recommend that therapy with antihistamines be administered cautiously in patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (drugs.com)
- However, in recent years, the disease has returned and become focused in the southern region and in urban areas outside that region. (lww.com)
- A sharp-eyed hematology technician discovered when she looked in her microscope that he was suffering from a disease so rare in the United States that it has been seen only 40 times in the past 50 years. (washingtonpost.com)
- Host and Attorney Alan S. Pierce welcomes Jon L. Gelman to discuss health care and workers' compensation and the Occupational Disease Pilot Program: a close look at the delivery of medical benefits when it comes to occupational disease and how workers. (legaltalknetwork.com)
- Indeed, the most recent reports on the effects of high sugar consumption and diet-derived AGEs on human health reviewed here suggest the need to limit the dietary sources of AGEs, including added sugars, to prevent the development of metabolic diseases and related comorbidities. (mdpi.com)
- These alterations can be deleterious to bone mineral metabolism and soft tissue health, leading to metabolic bone disease and vascular calcification and aging, termed CKD-mineral and bone disorder (MBD). (mdpi.com)
- To prevent and control syphilis effectively, public health practitioners must understand these factors and design programs and interventions that address the disease in the context of these factors. (lww.com)
- SYPHILIS HAS PROVIDED valuable lessons for clinicians since the days of William Osler 1 and offers equally useful instruction to epidemiologists and practitioners of public health, especially those interested in sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). (lww.com)
- Progression of Alzheimer's disease is generally associated with loss in brain volume and increases in ventricular volume. (drugs.com)
- AIM: To determine serum osteocalcin levels in South Chinese males with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to examine the relation between serum osteocalcin and NAFLD. (mdpi.com)
- Li, Z.-X. Relationship between Serum Osteocalcin Levels and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Adult Males, South China. (mdpi.com)
- Liu J-J, Chen Y-Y, Mo Z-N, Tian G-X, Tan A-H, Gao Y, Yang X-B, Zhang H-Y, Li Z-X. Relationship between Serum Osteocalcin Levels and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Adult Males, South China. (mdpi.com)