*  Department of Health | Australia's notifiable disease status, 2013: Annual report of the National Notifiable Diseases...
The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System monitors the incidence of an agreed list of communicable diseases in ... of total notifications). There were 17,919 notifications of bloodborne diseases; 10,831 notifications of vectorborne diseases; ... 1,932 notifications of other bacterial infections; 634 notifications of zoonoses and 3 notifications of quarantinable diseases ... 100,949 notifications, 45% of total notifications), vaccine preventable diseases (59,630 notifications, 26.6% of total ...
*  Welcome to CDC stacks | Morbidity and mortality weekly report, Vol. 27, no. 31, August 4, 1978 - 1623 | Morbidity and Mortality...
Communicable Diseases Disease Notification Disease Outbreaks Encephalitis, California Epidemiology Etiology Follow-Up Studies ... Communicable Diseases/Statistics/United States Disease Notification/United States Disease Outbreaks/Wisconsin Encephalitis, ... Notifiable diseases of low frequency: United States -- Table III. Cases of specified notifiable diseases: United States, weeks ... Respiratory Tract Diseases Wisconsin Blindness/Classification Blindness/Prevention And Control Camping/Wisconsin Communicable ...
*  HealthMap iPhone App: User Contributed Disease Notifications
Home › About Us › News › HealthMap iPhone App: User Contributed Disease Notifications HealthMap iPhone App: User Contributed ... Wired has written up a detailed article on this application/ The article is named iPhone App Finds Disease Outbreaks Near You. ... HealthMap contracted RustyBrick and our partner, IntuApps to build them an iPhone app that finds disease outbreaks near you or ... HealthMap provides a jumping-off point for real-time information on emerging infectious diseases and has particular interest ...
*  ADNS Animal Disease Notification System Annual report 2006 - EconBiz
Annual report on outbreaks of notifiable animal diseases in the EU Member States and other participating countries during 2006 ...
*  Infectious Disease (Notification) Act 1889 - Wikipedia
Infectious Diseases (Notification) Act, 1889, 52 & 53 Vic., c. 72. Infectious Diseases Notification (Extension) Act, 1899, 62 ... The Infectious Disease (Notification) Act first appeared on the UK national statute books in 1889. It was compulsory in London ... It later became a mandatory law with the Infectious Diseases Notification (Extension) Act, 1899. These acts required ... The Contested Development of Compulsory Infectious Disease Notification in Late-Nineteenth-Century Britain". Bulletin of the ...
*  Age-standarised rate (per 100,000 population) of water-borne diseases notifications with untreated drinking-water as a risk...
Age-standarised rate (per 100,000 population) of water-borne diseases notifications with untreated drinking-water as a risk ... These cases of disease reported that they had consumed untreated water during the incubation period. The data exclude cases who ...
*  Laboratory confirmation of meningococcal disease in Scotland, 1993-9 | Journal of Clinical Pathology
Meningococcal disease notification database. The notified meningococcal disease database is held in Scotland by the SMPRL. ... Annual notifications of meningococcal disease are based on clinical notifications and laboratory confirmations. Both culture ... Meningococcal disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the UK and elsewhere.1 The incidence of disease has ... Global epidemiology of meningococcal disease. In: Cartwright K, ed. Meningococcal disease, Vol. 7. Chichester: Wiley & Sons, ...
*  Child health statistical review, 1997 | Archives of Disease in Childhood
INFECTIOUS DISEASE NOTIFICATIONS AND IMMUNISATION RATES. Notification for infectious diseases for which immunisation is ... There are three major routine sources for data on ill health in children: the communicable disease statistics,13 the cancer ... 1997) Communicable disease statistics 1995. Series MB2 No 22. (Stationery Office, London).. ... For 1995, children under 5 years had the highest notification rate for food poisoning, at 346 cases per 100 000 population, ...
*  Table of Contents - April 17, 1897, 1 (1894) | The BMJ
Disease Notification in Health Resorts Br Med J 1897; 1 :1009 (Published 17 April 1897) ... A Contribution to the Surgical Treatment of Diseases of the Appendix Vermiformis Br Med J 1897; 1 :965 (Published 17 April 1897 ...
*  PPT - OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTATIONS PowerPoint Presentation - ID:822003
Notification of Diseases and Epidemiological Information' *Article 1.1.2 *Members shallmake available to other Members, through ... Aquatic animal diseases represent a major limitation to efficient aquaculture production and a constraint on international ... To raise awareness of the need for research in some key areas, such as nutrition, sustainably sources of feed and disease ... Regional support for early diagnosis and reporting of listed diseases *Improved access for more countries to scientific ...
*  Imported Malaria in Portugal 2000-2009: A Role for Hospital Statistics for Better Estimates and Surveillance
Disease notification is mandatory but is compromised by underreporting. Methods. A retrospective study on malaria ... Data on hospitalizations and notifications were obtained from Central Administration of Health System and Health Protection ...
*  Notifiable Disease Surveillance and Practicing Physicians - Volume 11, Number 3-March 2005 - Emerging Infectious Disease...
Of the 1,320 respondents, 59.3% claimed not to have received any feedback on infectious disease surveillance, and 3.7% ... Primary care physicians in Germany are essential participants in infectious disease surveillance through mandatory reporting. ... criteria for disease notification (43.7%), which diseases are reportable (38.4%), rights and duties of the local health ... Notification of infectious diseases by general practitioners in rural Western Australia. Med J Aust. 1995;162:441-3.PubMed ...
*  Gripa - Wikipedia
Outbreak Alerts United States based communicable disease notification website. *Fact Sheet Overview of influenza at World ... Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 29 (2): 453-4. PMID ... Time Lines of Infection and Disease in Human Influenza: A Review of Volunteer Challenge Studies, American Journal of ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Influenza Symptoms Page last updated 16 November 2007. Retrieved 28 April 2009. ...
*  Communicable Diseases
... Notifications of certain communicable diseases and conditions from doctors, laboratories, hospitals, ... Communicable disease notifications. Work in this area. The Public Health Act2010 specifies certain conditions are to be ... Updates of Notifiable Diseases are published monthly and show the:. *Number of cases in HNE notified by disease for the stated ... Monthly Communicable Diseases Report. This report provides an overview of the latest communicable disease activity in the ...
*  Occupational Health And Safety - Business Barbados
The Accident and Occupational Diseases (Notification) Act (Cap. 338).. Purpose: To provide for the notification of accidents ... to be suffering from any occupational disease contracted in the course of employment is required to send a notification letter ... Enter your email address to receive notifications of new articles by email. ... to the Chief Labour Officer stating the name and address of both the Employer and the Employee and the disease from which in ...
*  Infant Mortality Rate Zimbabwe | Zanran
Source: Ministry of Health and Child Welfare Rapid Disease Notification System .... CFR at this time and since the beginning of ... Jan 1999 , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Original Url: http://wwwn.cdc.gov/dls/ila/cd/who-afro/hiv_surveillance_ ...
*  Report on the meeting of the task force for monitoring animal disease eradication in the member states - Brussels, 1st March...
ADNS Animal disease notification system - Annual report * ADNS Animal Disease Notification System Annual report 2010 ... Report on the meeting of the task force for monitoring animal disease eradication in the member states - Brussels, 1st March ... Report on the meeting of the task force for monitoring disease eradication in the member states ; 2012 ...
*  SaTScan - Bibliography
Dreesman J, Scharlach H. Spatial-statistical analysis of infectious disease notification data in Lower Saxony. Gesundheitswesen ... Chronic wasting disease in free-ranging Wisconsin white-tailed deer. Emerging Infectious Disease, 9: 599-601, 2003. [view] ... Knuesel R, Segner H, Wahli T. A survey of viral diseases in farmed and feral salmonids in Switzerland. Journal of Fish Diseases ... Syndromic Surveillance: A New Tool to Detect Disease Outbreaks. Disease Control Newsletter, 32:16-17, 2004. ...
*  Quarantine - Wikipedia
The principle of disease notification was unanimously adopted. Each government had to notify to other governments on the ... Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2013 Feb. doi:10.3201/eid1902. Qureshi, Adnan (2016). Ebola Virus Disease: From Origin to ... however its marine hospital only qualified as a contagious disease facility to handle less virulent diseases like measles, ... One of the first points to be dealt with in 1897 was to settle the incubation period for this disease, and the period to be ...
*  Policy Frameworks
A revised version of the public health follow-up of sporadic enteric disease notifications which is mainly conducted by ... Public Health Follow-up of Sporadic Enteric Disease Notifications. This Operational Directive describes the course of action to ... Enteric infections comprise around one-fifth of all infectious disease notifications in WA. Campylobacteriosis and ... accounting for over three-quarters of enteric disease notifications. Appropriate public health management of sporadic enteric ...
*  share via email
Electronic reporting improves timeliness and completeness of infectious disease notification, The Netherlands, 2003. Euro ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Manual for the Surveillance of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. Chapter 18: ... German RR, Lee LM, Horan JM, Milstein RL, Pertowski CA, Waller MNGuidelines Working Group Centers for Disease Control and ... Khetsuriani N, Lamonte-Fowlkes A, Oberst S, Pallansch MACenters for Disease Control and Prevention. Enterovirus surveillance-- ...
*  DETECT Notifiable Diseases | Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH)
Standard Notification Disease/Condition. (Notify ADPH within 5 days of diagnosis, unless otherwise noted) ... Home / Infectious Diseases and Outbreaks / DETECT Notifiable Diseases DETECT Notifiable Diseases. The DETECT (Decrease ... DETECT Notifiable Diseases involves surveillance, investigation, and recommendations for reportable diseases. Public health ... Below are the Alabama Notifiable Diseases and a link to basic information about each disease. ...
*  Estimating the under-reporting of norovirus illness in Germany utilizing enhanced awareness of diarrhoea during a large...
Norovirus, Gastroenteritis, Epidemiology, Disease notification, Time series analysis, Public health, Population surveillance, ... BMC Infectious Diseases On the subject. MathematicsPublic Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Search ... 2014 (English)In: BMC Infectious Diseases, ISSN 1471-2334, E-ISSN 1471-2334, Vol. 14, 116. Article in journal (Refereed) ...
*  Triple E Detected For First Time This Year In N.H. | New Hampshire Public Radio
... so that is where disease notifications pop up.. Last year, twenty-four mosquito batches and three animals tested positive for ... The Department of Health and Human Services found the disease, which can be fatal to humans, in a batch of mosquitos from ... Eleven humans have contracted the disease in New Hampshire since 2005, though there have been no recorded cases since 2009. ... Testing of mosquitos for the disease is only conducted in the southeast corner of the state, however, ...
*  RACGP - Contact tracing for STIs - new resources and supportive evidence
Strategies for partner notification for sexually transmitted diseases. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2001;4: art no CD002843. ... A systematic review of strategies for partner notification for sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS. Int J STD AIDS ... 8 Another potentially confusing area is the role of disease notification to a public health unit and whether or not this ... However, online notification, either self initiated or via a sexual health clinic, may be relevant for index patients with ...

(1/646) Assessing the sensitivity of STD surveillance in the Netherlands: an application of the capture--recapture method.

The capture-recapture method was used to estimate the sensitivity of case finding in two national STD surveillance systems: (1) STD registration at municipal health services (STD-MHS); (2) statutory notification by clinicians (NNS). To identify those cases common to both surveillance systems, cases from 1995 were compared using individual identifiers. Estimated sensitivities for syphilis were: STD-MHS 31% (95% CI: 27-35%), NNS 64% (56-71%); and for gonorrhoea: STD-MHS 15% (14-18%), NNS 22% (19-25%). The combined sensitivity of both systems was 76% for syphilis and 34% for gonorrhoea. Differences in the sensitivity of the systems were significant. The NNS was more sensitive than the STD-MHS, and the identification of cases was significantly more sensitive for syphilis than for gonorrhoea. A stratified analysis showed comparable results for the two sexes. Knowledge on the sensitivity of surveillance systems is useful for public health decisions and essential for international comparisons.  (+info)

(2/646) Changing epidemiology of dengue hemorrhagic fever in Thailand.

Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS) are reportable diseases, the third most common causes for hospitalization of children in Thailand. Data collected from the Ministry of Public Health were analysed for trends. Rates of DHF increased in Thailand until 1987 when the largest epidemic ever, 325/100000 population, was recorded. Whereas the disease used to be confined to large cities, the rate is now higher in rural (102.2 per 100000) than urban areas (95.4 per 100000 in 1997). The age of highest incidence has increased, and the age group most severely affected is now those 5-9 years old (679/100000 in 1997). The case fatality rate has decreased with improved treatment and is now only 0.28%.  (+info)

(3/646) The role of private medical practitioners and their interactions with public health services in Asian countries.

This paper aims to review the role of private practitioners and their interactions with public health services in developing countries, focusing largely on the Asian region. Evidence on the distribution of health facilities, manpower, health expenditures and utilization rates shows that private practitioners are significant health care providers in many Asian countries. Limited information has been published on interactions between public and private providers despite their co-existence. Issues related to enforcement of regulations, human resources, patient referrals and disease notifications, are examined.  (+info)

(4/646) Managing meningitis in children: audit of notifications, rifampicin chemoprophylaxis, and audiological referrals.

Important aspects of the management of meningitis in children include notification to local officers for control of communicable diseases; chemoprophylaxis for index cases and close contacts in cases of meningococcal or Haemophilus influenzae meningitis; and a formal hearing assessment for all survivors. A retrospective audit of these aspects of management was carried out for children admitted with meningitis in 12 months from 1 September 1990 to 31 August 1991 at the Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children. Only 20 of 36(56%) cases were notified by medical staff. Chemoprophylaxis was arranged for all close family contacts but to only five of the 23(22%) index cases for whom it was indicated. Appointments for audiological testing were arranged for only 19 of the 32(59%) survivors. Subsequently all doctors, including each intake of junior doctors, were given written information on the importance of notification and locally agreed guidelines for chemoprophylaxis and hearing assessments for survivors before discharge. Guidelines were also displayed prominently in each ward. A repeat audit from January 1992 to December 1992 showed significant improvement in these aspects of care. Twenty eight of 32 cases (88%) were notified, chemoprophylaxis was given to 20 of 22(91%) index cases for whom it was indicated, and 25 of 29(86%) survivors had hearing assessments arranged before discharge. Correct management of some aspects of care cannot be assumed, even if statutory (notification), nationally agreed (chemoprophylaxis), or generally agreed good practice (hearing assessments). These aspects of care improved after the first audit but the authors conclude that the notification rate remains below 100% and a repeat audit is necessary.  (+info)

(5/646) Investigation of under-ascertainment in epidemiological studies based in general practice.

BACKGROUND: One of the aims of the Study of Infectious Intestinal Disease (IID) in England is to estimate the incidence of IID presenting to general practice. This sub-study aims to estimate and correct the degree of under-ascertainment in the national study. METHODS: Cases of presumed IID which presented to general practice in the national study had been ascertained by their GP. In 26 general practices, cases with computerized diagnoses suggestive of IID were identified retrospectively. Cases which fulfilled the case definition of IID and should have been ascertained to the coordinating centre but were not, represented the under-ascertainment. Logistic regression modelling was used to identify independent factors which influenced under-ascertainment. RESULTS: The records of 2021 patients were examined, 1514 were eligible and should have been ascertained but only 974 (64%) were. There was variation in ascertainment between the practices (30% to 93%). Patient-related factors independently associated with ascertainment were: i) vomiting only as opposed to diarrhoea with and without vomiting (OR 0.37) and ii) consultation in the surgery as opposed to at home (OR 2.18). Practice-related factors independently associated with ascertainment were: i) participation in the enumeration study component (OR 1.78), ii) a larger number of partners (OR 0.3 for 7-8 partners); iii) rural location (OR 2.27) and iv) previous research experience (OR 1.92). Predicted ascertainment percentages were calculated according to practice characteristics. CONCLUSION: Under-ascertainment of IID was substantial (36%) and non-random and had to be corrected. Practice characteristics influencing variation in ascertainment were identified and a multivariate model developed to identify adjustment factors which could be applied to individual practices. Researchers need to be aware of factors which influence ascertainment in acute epidemiological studies based in general practice.  (+info)

(6/646) Reporting race and ethnicity data--National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance, 1994-1997.

Reporting accurate and complete race and ethnicity data in public health surveillance systems provides critical information to target and evaluate public health interventions, particularly for minority populations. A national health objective for 2000 is to improve data collection on race and ethnicity in public health surveillance and data systems. To determine progress toward meeting this goal in CDC's National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance (NETSS), the percentage of case reports of selected nationally notifiable diseases reported through NETSS with information regarding a patient's race and ethnicity was calculated for 1994-1997. The findings of this study indicate these data were received for approximately half of the cases, and the completeness of reporting of race and ethnicity data to NETSS had not improved.  (+info)

(7/646) Hidden mortality attributable to Rocky Mountain spotted fever: immunohistochemical detection of fatal, serologically unconfirmed disease.

Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is the most severe tickborne infection in the United States and is a nationally notifiable disease. Since 1981, the annual case-fatality ratio for RMSF has been determined from laboratory-confirmed cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Herein, a description is given of patients with fatal, serologically unconfirmed RMSF for whom a diagnosis of RMSF was established by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining of tissues obtained at autopsy. During 1996-1997, acute-phase serum and tissue samples from patients with fatal disease compatible with RMSF were tested at the CDC. As determined by indirect immunofluorescence assay, no patient serum demonstrated IgG or IgM antibodies reactive with Rickettsia rickettsii at a diagnostic titer (i.e., >/=64); however, IHC staining confirmed diagnosis of RMSF in all patients. Polymerase chain reaction validated the IHC findings for 2 patients for whom appropriate samples were available for testing. These findings suggest that dependence on serologic assays and limited use of IHC staining for confirmation of fatal RMSF results in underestimates of mortality and of case-fatality ratios for this disease.  (+info)

(8/646) Social factors associated with increases in tuberculosis notifications.

This study assessed the contribution of immigration and deprivation to the changes in tuberculosis notifications in Liverpool over the last 20 yrs. Ethnic origin was retrospectively assigned to all named cases from 1974 to 1995. Average tuberculosis rates were calculated for the 33 council wards in Liverpool for 1981-1985 and 1991-1995. Multiple regression was used to determine the independent effects of socioeconomic and population measures from the 1981 and 1991 censuses in explaining these ward-based rates. Since 1974, there has been a steady increase in the percentage of non-Caucasian cases of tuberculosis, from 8.7% in 1975-1977, 15.1% in 1981-1983, 17.5% in 1987-1989 to 28.0% in 1993-1995. Multiple regression analysis showed that in 1981 only unemployment had a significant independent relationship with tuberculosis rates, but in 1991 two indices of deprivation and ethnicity had a significant influence. The increasing proportion of non-Caucasian tuberculosis cases, both while the number of notifications was declining before 1987 and increasing afterwards, is not necessarily consistent with the concept that immigration has influenced the recent increase. However, the fact that ethnicity now independently explains some of the council ward variations but did not in the early 1980s suggests that immigration does influence the distribution of disease within the city.  (+info)

  • Centre
  • The concept of isolating those parts of the community suffering from disease dates to 14th century Italy, when Venice, trying to protect the city from ship-born disease, established a segregated area away from the centre of population. (wikipedia.org)
  • outbreak
  • In other cases, treating a disease or controlling a pathogen can be vital to preventing its spread to others, either during an outbreak of infectious disease or through contamination of food or water supplies. (wikipedia.org)
  • A site was set aside at Cape Marlow (later Cape Pallarenda), for a mainland quarantine station in 1910, but it was not until 1914, with the threat of increased disease after the outbreak of World War 1, that planning began in earnest to move the West Point buildings to the mainland. (wikipedia.org)
  • quarantine
  • Other diseases lent themselves to the practice of quarantine before and after the devastation of the plague. (wikipedia.org)
  • These isolation areas became known as quarantine stations, from the Latin words for forty days after which time patients, if they were not dead were considered clear of disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • An increased interest in the study of tropical diseases after the establishment by the Commonwealth Health Department of the Tropical Institute Research Project in the General Hospital grounds in 1911, also led to a re-evaluation of the location of the quarantine station. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • These acts required householders and/or general practitioners to report cases of infectious disease to the local sanitary authority. (wikipedia.org)
  • These cases of disease reported that they had consumed untreated water during the incubation period. (dwcdn.net)
  • Data were analysed to establish the number of disease cases, the serogroups of the organisms involved, and the importance of the techniques used. (bmj.com)
  • Appropriate public health management of sporadic enteric disease cases is important in preventing the transmission, and reducing the impact, of these infections. (wa.gov.au)
  • Eleven humans have contracted the disease in New Hampshire since 2005, though there have been no recorded cases since 2009. (nhpr.org)
  • In general, legislation established Central Boards of Health to enforce notification of infectious diseases and to provide guidelines for quarantining suspected cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Townsville, the first or second port of call for shipping on the Asia/Pacific route, was identified as a place where suspected cases of ship-born disease could be detained. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • This paper looks at the changing demography of the UK, comments on recent trends in infant and childhood mortality rates, and looks at the prevalence of some common chronic diseases of childhood. (bmj.com)
  • system
  • Through an automated text processing system, the data is aggregated by disease and displayed by location for user-friendly access to the original alert. (rustybrick.com)
  • Data on hospitalizations and notifications were obtained from Central Administration of Health System and Health Protection Agency, respectively. (hindawi.com)
  • humans
  • The Department of Health and Human Services found the disease, which can be fatal to humans, in a batch of mosquitos from Londonderry. (nhpr.org)
  • population
  • A revised version of the public health follow-up of sporadic enteric disease notifications which is mainly conducted by population health units and OzFoodNet, Department of Health. (wa.gov.au)
  • Public health recommendations are given to stop the transmission and to prevent further disease in the population. (alabamapublichealth.gov)
  • The introduction of disease into Northern Australia became an issue as the population of Australia increased after the discovery of gold in 1851, and in Queensland after the opening of a gold field at Crocodile Creek in Central Queensland in 1866. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • HealthMap brings together disparate data sources to achieve a unified and comprehensive view of the current global state of infectious diseases and their effect on human and animal health. (rustybrick.com)
  • Following receipt of a notification certificate, the local sanitary authority's Medical Officer of Health could pursue existing public health laws, such as the Public Health Act 1875, to isolate patients in hospital, disinfect property and belongings, suspend schooling, and temporarily close businesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • HNEPH public health response is to assist in preventing, protecting and controlling diseases in HNE as directed by NSW Health. (nsw.gov.au)
  • Triple E and West Nile Virus can occur in any part of the state, though the department of Health and Human Services says risk of contracting these diseases is low. (nhpr.org)
  • If the insurance holder is self-employed, they must contact the Institution directly with work accident and occupational disease notification "within 3 working days after their health status are good enough to report, provided that this recovery period does not exceed one month. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the insured person is determined by the ISS Health Committee to have lost working power (or a minimum 60% earning power in their profession due to work accident or occupational disease), they may be eligible for a pension or lump-sum payment dependant on other factors such as how long they have held insurance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The revised International Health Regulations 2005 broadens this scope and is no longer limited to the notification of specific diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health) monitors specific animal diseases on a global scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • Notifications are made to the States or Territory health authority and computerised, de-identified records are then supplied to the Department of Health and Ageing for collation, analysis and publication. (wikipedia.org)
  • List of national notifiable diseases List of national notifiable diseases Notification is regulated under the Health Act 1956, except for tuberculosis which is regulated under the Tuberculosis Act 1948. (wikipedia.org)
  • The governing body is Public Health England List of Notifiable Diseases can be found here . (wikipedia.org)
  • In the UK notification of diseases in animals is regulated by the Animal Health Act 1981, as well as the Specified Diseases (Notification and Slaughter) Order 1992 (as amended) and Specified Diseases (Notification) Order 1996 (as amended). (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • spread
  • Infected people were separated to prevent spread of disease among the ancient Israelites under the Mosaic Law, as recorded in the Old Testament. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, research has shown that the simple act of handwashing with soap can prevent the spread of many contagious diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • national
  • Funding for the Scottish Meningococcus and Pneumococcus Reference Laboratory (SMPRL) was made available from 1993 to provide a national service for specialist services relating to the laboratory confirmation of meningococcal and pneumococcal disease. (bmj.com)
  • Originally, disease statistics were collected from the local authorities by the Registrar General's Office, where national statistics were already collected on births, marriages and deaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • days
  • Funeral benefit "shall be payable to the right holders of the insurance holder who deceased when receiving permanent incapacity income due to work accident or occupational disease, invalidity, duty disability or old-age pension or when minimum 360 days of invalidity, old-age and survivors insurance premiums are notified" for themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Officer
  • A medical practitioner attending a patient whom he believes to be suffering from any occupational disease contracted in the course of employment is required to send a notification letter to the Chief Labour Officer stating the name and address of both the Employer and the Employee and the disease from which in the opinion of the medical practitioner the patient is suffering. (businessbarbados.com)
  • different
  • Diseases are different in nature and can occur at different times of the year, explaining variations in the numbers. (nsw.gov.au)
  • While secondary disease is known for the many different ways it can manifest, symptoms most commonly involve the skin, mucous membranes, and lymph nodes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Work
  • An occupational disease refers to a temporary or permanent disease caused by "the quality of the work carried out by the insurance holder or by working conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sickness "refers to discomfort causing the incapacity of the insurance holders, who work on service contract and on their own name and account, due to the reasons other than work accident or occupational disease. (wikipedia.org)