Digestive System Diseases: Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Digestive System Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Digestive System: A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Central Nervous System Diseases: Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord.Digestive System and Oral Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and DENTITION as a whole or of any of its parts.Digestive System Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Digestive System Processes: Biological actions and events that constitute the functions of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Nervous System Diseases: Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.Digestive System Fistula: An abnormal passage communicating between any components of the digestive system, or between any part of the digestive system and surrounding organ(s).Gastrointestinal Tract: Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Central Nervous System Viral Diseases: Viral infections of the brain, spinal cord, meninges, or perimeningeal spaces.Clemastine: A histamine H1 antagonist used as the hydrogen fumarate in hay fever, rhinitis, allergic skin conditions, and pruritus. It causes drowsiness.Meningoencephalitis: An inflammatory process involving the brain (ENCEPHALITIS) and meninges (MENINGITIS), most often produced by pathogenic organisms which invade the central nervous system, and occasionally by toxins, autoimmune disorders, and other conditions.Gastrointestinal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.Central Nervous System Infections: Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.Digestive System Abnormalities: Congenital structural abnormalities of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Diagnostic Techniques, Digestive System: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the digestive system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis: A rare, slowly progressive encephalitis caused by chronic infection with the MEASLES VIRUS. The condition occurs primarily in children and young adults, approximately 2-8 years after the initial infection. A gradual decline in intellectual abilities and behavioral alterations are followed by progressive MYOCLONUS; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; SEIZURES; DEMENTIA; autonomic dysfunction; and ATAXIA. DEATH usually occurs 1-3 years after disease onset. Pathologic features include perivascular cuffing, eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions, neurophagia, and fibrous gliosis. It is caused by the SSPE virus, which is a defective variant of MEASLES VIRUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp767-8)Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.AIDS Dementia Complex: A neurologic condition associated with the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and characterized by impaired concentration and memory, slowness of hand movements, ATAXIA, incontinence, apathy, and gait difficulties associated with HIV-1 viral infection of the central nervous system. Pathologic examination of the brain reveals white matter rarefaction, perivascular infiltrates of lymphocytes, foamy macrophages, and multinucleated giant cells. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp760-1; N Engl J Med, 1995 Apr 6;332(14):934-40)Lamin Type A: A subclass of developmentally regulated lamins having a neutral isoelectric point. They are found to disassociate from nuclear membranes during mitosis.Maus Elberfeld virus: A strain of ENCEPHALOMYOCARDITIS VIRUS, a species of CARDIOVIRUS, usually causing an inapparent intestinal infection in mice. A small number of mice may show signs of flaccid paralysis.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Brain Diseases: Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.Cerebrospinal Fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced in the CHOROID PLEXUS and circulates around the surface of the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; and in the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.Meninges: The three membranes that cover the BRAIN and the SPINAL CORD. They are the dura mater, the arachnoid, and the pia mater.Demyelinating Diseases: Diseases characterized by loss or dysfunction of myelin in the central or peripheral nervous system.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Gastrointestinal & Digestive System Disease TreatmentsFind out more about digestive system issues and gastrointestinal diseases that can affect the GI tract. Contact our Lubbock, TX ... Bleeding in the Digestive Tract * Bloating or Gas * Celiac Disease * Cirrhosis * Clostridium difficile * Colon Cancer * Colon ... GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) * Hemorrhoids * Hepatitis A * Hepatitis B * Hepatitis C * Inflammatory Bowel Disease ( ... Crohn's Disease * Diarrhea * Diverticular Disease * Dyspepsia (Indigestion) * Dysphagia (Difficulty Swallowing) * Eosinophilic ...
Infectious Esophagitis | Digestive DiseaseYou are more likely to develop it if your immune system is weakened. ... Copyright © 2017, Digestive Disease Associates. All Rights Reserved.. Web Design by BroadBased.. Web Development by DiscoverTec ...
Green Bowel Movements - Digestive Disorders / Gastroenterology - MedHelpMine is due to an increase of iron in my system from either eating foods high in iron or when I have to take iron supplements ... condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or ...
Gas/Bloat Syndrome - Digestive Disorders / Gastroenterology - MedHelpTheir is a disease called Celiac Disease. It is the inability to digest gluten. What is gluten? It is a product of most grains ... My entire Gi system is somewhat paralyzed especially the small bowel. I guess this is seen mostly in diabetics and I'm not ... It is a disease that Dr's seem to think is rare, but I can tell you that I know many, many people on the net who have this and ... I have this disease and was dx'd 20+ years ago...after going thru years of the symptoms described by many of you. The bland ...
Evaluating and Treating Potential Research Participants With Digestive Disorders - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govDigestive System Diseases. Colonic Diseases, Functional. Colonic Diseases. Intestinal Diseases. Gastrointestinal Diseases. Pain ... The information obtained will allow for the evaluation of standard treatments of the studied digestive diseases. This ... Have either a digestive disorder, OR. *Are an unaffected first-degree relative ( ,2 years old) of a participant with a ... They also want to study how digestive disorders run in some families. To do so, they will provide standard care to people with ...
digestive system disease - Stomach | Britannica.com... is any or all of the unpleasant symptoms that are associated with the malfunctioning of the digestive system. Indigestion may ... be caused by a disease, but it primarily occurs because of stress or improper eating habits, smoking, drinking excessive ... digestive system disease - Stomach: Indigestion, also called dyspepsia, ... drugs (in therapeutics: The gastrointestinal system) (in drug: Digestive system drugs) *viral infection (in virus: Infectious ...
NewYork-Presbyterian/Queens - Online Resources - Digestive DisordersCrohn's Disease. *Diagnostic Procedures. *Diarrhea. *Digestive Disorders *Disorders of the Biliary System ... Home , Content Library of Adult English Medical Content , Digestive Disorders Online Resources - Digestive Disorders. The ... This page contains links to other Internet sites with information about digestive disorders. We hope you find these sites ... and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease, or replace the professional medical advice you receive ...
Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic1 for digestive disorders in the U.S. News & World Report Best Hospitals rankings. Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz., and Mayo ... The Mayo Clinic Health System has dozens of locations in several states. ... Mayo Clinic also ranks among the Best Children's Hospitals for digestive disorders. ... Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., are ranked among the Best Hospitals for digestive disorders by U.S. News & World Report. ...
Abdominal complications following cardiac surgeryCardiovascular Diseases. PPT Version , PDF Version. *John K Triantafillidis. Digestive Disorders. PPT Version , PDF Version ... Combating neglected tropical diseases. PPT Version , PDF Version. *Sanaa Eissa Mohamed Hamed. Develop novel biomarkers for ... Acute Myocardial Infarction as First Presentation among patients with Coronary Heart Disease. PPT Version , PDF Version ... Effects of intravenous iron in chronic kidney disease and heart failure. PPT Version , PDF Version ...
Fatty Liver Disease:What causes it? | Digestive DiseasesThe cause of fatty liver disease is unknown, however, certain factors can increase the risk. ... Fatty liver disease is a condition characterised by fatty deposits that collect in the liver. ... The Functions of Liver in Human BodyIs Your Digestive System Making You sick? ... Fatty liver disease, sometimes referred to as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, is a condition characterised by fat deposits ...
Polyps of the Colon and Rectum - Digestive Disorders - Merck Manuals Consumer Version... treatment of Tumors of the Digestive System from the Home Version of the Merck Manuals. ... From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health ... Digestive Disorders. *Tumors of the Digestive System Polyps of the Colon and Rectum ... People who have bluish black spots on their lips or in their mouth and/or have 2 or more polyps in their digestive tract or a ...
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (U.S.) [WorldCat Identities]Your digestive system and how it works( Book ). 2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 190 WorldCat member ... Diseases--Diagnosis Colon (Anatomy)--Examination Crohn's disease Diarrhea Digestion Digestive organs Digestive organs--Diseases ... National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (U.S.). National Digestive Diseases Information ... National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (U.S.). National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse ...
Flashcards - Digestive System DiseasesDigestive System Diseases. Home , Preview The flashcards below were created by user amanda430 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. * Get ... Crohn's Disease *chronic inflammatory disease primarily of the bowel. *symptoms include abdominal pain, weight loss and ... Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) *"heartburn"*weakness of the vavle between the esophagus and stomach may allow stomach ... degenerative disease of the liver. name refers to the gross appearance of the organ ...
Role of Helicobacter Pylori and Its Toxins in Lung and Digestive System Diseases - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govLung Diseases. Fibrosis. Pulmonary Fibrosis. Sarcoidosis. Digestive System Diseases. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Respiratory ... This study will examine bacteria and toxins in the mouth, lung and digestive system that may be the cause of various diseases ... Role of Helicobacter Pylori and Its Toxins in Lung and Digestive System Diseases. This study has been completed. ... MedlinePlus related topics: Digestive Diseases Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis ...
Digestive System Diseases - Exposure Studies | CTDChildren , Controls for disease:Liver Diseases , Subjects with disease:Liver Diseases , Study subjects , Controls for disease: ... Subjects with disease:Acute Disease Canada,United States. Details Acute Disease , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Neurologic ... Subjects with disease:Thyroid Diseases United States. serum. perfluorooctanoic acid Details Liver Diseases , Thyroid Diseases ... Subjects with disease:Cholangitis, Sclerosing , Subjects with disease:Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Canada,United States. Details ...
Conditions and Diseases -- Digestive System | St. Petersburg General Hospital | St. Petersburg, FLDigestive System at St. Petersburg General Hospital ABCDEFGHIJLMNOPRSTUV ... ...
Digestive System : Diseases & Conditions : Health - Submit Site to BotAtlas DirectoryProctologist Beverly Hills, Dr. Murrell ≈ Dr. Murrell is a proctologist and colorectal surgeon in Beverly Hills. He performs anal rejuvenation, hemorrhoid treatment and more. read more ...
Endodontic Disease in Small Animals - Digestive System - Merck Veterinary ManualEndodontic Disease in Small Animals By Alexander M. Reiter, DT, DMV, DAVDC, DEVDC, Chief, Dentistry and Oral Surgery Service, ... The most obvious indication of endodontic disease is a fractured tooth with exposure of the pulp chamber. The exposed pulp ... Generally, when evaluating a tooth with endodontic and/or periapical disease, the focus should be on structural defects at its ... From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health ...
Flashcards - ClineMedV: Diseases of the digestive system (colon)ClineMedV: Diseases of the digestive system (colon). Home , Preview The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on ... Diseases of the digestive system (colon) - VTI ... ClineMedV: Diseases of the digestive system (colon) Updated:. ...
Hematology in Hepatic Disease in Small Animals - Digestive System - Merck Veterinary ManualHematology in Hepatic Disease in Small Animals By Sharon A. Center, BS, DVM, DACVIM, Professor, Department of Clinical Sciences ... Overview of Hepatic Disease in Small Animals Was This Page Helpful?. Yes. No. ... From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health ... Depending on the severity and underlying cause of liver disease, a nonregenerative or regenerative anemia may develop. Severe ...
Cholecystocentesis in Hepatic Disease in Small Animals - Digestive System - Merck Veterinary ManualCholecystocentesis in Hepatic Disease in Small Animals By Sharon A. Center, BS, DVM, DACVIM, Professor, Department of Clinical ... Imaging in Hepatic Disease in Small Animals Was This Page Helpful?. Yes. No. ... From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health ... Which of the following diseases is most likely to result in maldigestion? ...
Overview of Hepatic Disease in Large Animals - Digestive System - Merck Veterinary ManualDiseases that frequently result in hepatic failure in horses include Theiler disease, Tyzzer disease (foals), pyrrolizidine ... Most cases of liver disease are diffuse, so the sample will be representative of the disease. Samples can be obtained blindly, ... Increase of GGT is most pronounced with obstructive biliary disease. In acute hepatic disease in horses, GGT may continue to ... Serum concentrations of liver-specific enzymes are generally higher in acute liver disease than in chronic liver disease. They ...
Characteristics of randomised trials on diseases in the digestive system registered in ClinicalTrials.gov: a retrospective...The objective of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of reporting of randomised trials on diseases of the digestive system ... To cite: Wildt S, Krag A, Gluud L. Characteristics of randomised trials on diseases in the digestive system registered in ... Objectives To evaluate the adequacy of reporting of protocols for randomised trials on diseases of the digestive system ... Characteristics of randomised trials on diseases in the digestive system registered in ClinicalTrials.gov: a retrospective ...
Videos - Canadian Digestive Health FoundationThe Foundation is working to establish Digestive Health, Healthy Living and Prevention as a national priority. ... The Canadian Digestive Health Foundation provides expert advice and compassionate support to the millions of Canadians who ... Celiac Disease At the 2012 CDHF Digestive Health Public Education Forum, Dr. Sanjay Murthy gave an interesting and educational ... Gastroenterology is the area of medicine that deals with the digestive system and how our bodies break down food so it can be ...
DNA Clean-Up BuffersBeta Cells for Disease Modeling * hiPS Cell Editing using Gesicles * FAQs * DEF-CS Culture System ... In accordance with MACHEREY-NAGEL´s Quality Management System, each lot of product is tested against predetermined ... Digestive System * Fetal * Internal Organ * Reproductive System * Total RNA, Mouse * 15 Tissues ...
Prifinium bromideDigestive system of gastropods: The digestive system of gastropods (slugs and snails of every kind) has evolved to suit almost every kind of diet and feeding behavior. Gastropods as the largest taxonomic class of the mollusca are very diverse indeed: the group includes carnivores, herbivores, scavengers, filter feeders, and even parasites.Central nervous system disease: A central nervous system disease can affect either the spinal cord (myelopathy) or brain (encephalopathy), both of which are part of the central nervous system.Gastrointestinal physiology: Gastrointestinal physiology is a branch of human physiology addressing the physical function of the gastrointestinal (GI) system. The major processes occurring in the GI system are that of motility, secretion, regulation, digestion and circulation.Central nervous system viral disease: A central nervous system viral disease is a viral infection that affects the central nervous system.ClemastinePug: The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. The breed has a fine, glossy coat that comes in a variety of colours, most often fawn or black, and a compact square body with well-developed muscles.Enteric duplication cyst: Enteric duplication cysts, sometimes simply called duplication cysts, are rare congenital malformations of the gastrointestinal tract. They most frequently occur in the small intestine, particularly the ileum, but can occur anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract.Functional gastrointestinal disorder: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) include a number of separate idiopathic disorders which affect different parts of the gastrointestinal tract and involve visceral hypersensitivity and impaired gastrointestinal motility. Heightened mast cell activation is a common factor among all FGIDs that contributes to visceral hypersensitivity as well as epithelial, neuromuscular, and motility dysfunction.Pancreatic bud: The ventral and dorsal pancreatic buds (or pancreatic diverticula) are outgrowths of the duodenum during human embryogenesis. They join together to form the adult pancreas.Progressive rubella panencephalitis: Progressive rubella panencephalitis (PRP) is a neurological disorder which may occur in a child with congenital rubella. It is a slow viral infection of the brain characterized by chronic encephalitis, usually manifesting between 8–19 years of age.Andesobia jelskiiStomach diseaseCognitive effects of HIVMethylsterol monooxygenase: Methylsterol monooxygenase (, methylsterol hydroxylase, 4-methylsterol oxidase, 4,4-dimethyl-5alpha-cholest-7-en-3beta-ol,hydrogen-donor:oxygen oxidoreductase (hydroxylating)) is an enzyme with system name 4,4-dimethyl-5alpha-cholest-7-en-3beta-ol,NAD(P)H:oxygen oxidoreductase (hydroxylating). This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionDemyelinating disease: -, |QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.
(1/162) Hematocrit level and associated mortality in hemodialysis patients.
Although a number of clinical studies have shown that increased hematocrits are associated with improved outcomes in terms of cognitive function, reduced left ventricular hypertrophy, increased exercise tolerance, and improved quality of life, the optimal hematocrit level associated with survival has yet to be determined. The association between hematocrit levels and patient mortality was retrospectively studied in a prevalent Medicare hemodialysis cohort on a national scale. All patients survived a 6-mo entry period during which their hematocrit levels were assessed, from July 1 through December 31, 1993, with follow-up from January 1 through December 31, 1994. Patient comorbid conditions relative to clinical events and severity of disease were determined from Medicare claims data and correlated with the entry period hematocrit level. After adjusting for medical diseases, our results showed that patients with hematocrit levels less than 30% had significantly higher risk of all-cause (12 to 33%) and cause-specific death, compared to patients with hematocrits in the 30% to less than 33% range. Without severity of disease adjustment, patients with hematocrit levels of 33% to less than 36% appear to have the lowest risk for all-cause and cardiac mortality. After adjusting for severity of disease, the impact of hematocrit levels of 33% to less than 36% is vulnerable to the patient sample size but also demonstrates a further 4% reduced risk of death. Overall, these findings suggest that sustained increases in hematocrit levels are associated with improved patient survival. (+info)
(2/162) Induction of parturition in bitches with minimal side effects by two injections of a low dose of fenprostalene, a prostaglandin F2alpha analogue, and pretreatment with prifinium bromide.
An experiment using 16 Beagle bitches (aged 11 months to 6 years and 2 months) in their 56th to 58th day of pregnancy was carried out to investigate the effects of two injections of a low dose of fenprostalene, a long-acting prostaglandin F2alpha analogue, and pretreatment with prifinium bromide, a parasympathetic nerve blocking agent, on the induction of parturition and severity of side effects. The bitches were divided into three treatment groups: one injection of 5 microg/kg of fenprostalene (group I, n=5); one injection of 7.5 mg/head of prifinium bromide followed by one injection of 5 microg/kg of fenprostalene at 5 min after prifinium bromide injection (group II, n=6); and one injection of 7.5 mg/head of prifinium bromide followed by two injections of 2.5 microg/kg of fenprostalene, one injection at 5 min after prifinium bromide injection and the next at 1 hr after the fenprostalene first injection (group III, n=5). Following the injection of fenprostalene, side effects such as salivation, vomiting, colic symptoms, and watery diarrhea occurred most frequently (80-100% of cases) in group I bitches. Apart from colic symptoms, no side effects were observed in group III bitches. Group III bitches also showed the smallest increase in plasma cortisol concentration. No significant difference in the time to initiation of parturition was found between the three groups. The one-week survival rate of newborn puppies was highest in group III. The results showed that pretreatment with prifinium bromide and two injections of 2.5 microg/kg of fenprostalene can alleviate side effects following fenprostalene administration and have no adverse effect on the survival of newborn puppies, indicating that this method is a reliable and safe way of inducing parturition in bitches. (+info)
(3/162) Evaluation and management of dyspepsia.
Dyspepsia, often defined as chronic or recurrent discomfort centered in the upper abdomen, can be caused by a variety of conditions. Common etiologies include peptic ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux. Serious causes, such as gastric and pancreatic cancers, are rare but must also be considered. Symptoms of possible causes often overlap, which can make initial diagnosis difficult. In many patients, a definite cause is never established. The initial evaluation of patients with dyspepsia includes a thorough history and physical examination, with special attention given to elements that suggest the presence of serious disease. Endoscopy should be performed promptly in patients who have "alarm symptoms" such as melena or anorexia. Optimal management remains controversial in young patients who do not have alarm symptoms. Although management should be individualized, a cost-effective initial approach is to test for Helicobacter pylori and treat the infection if the test is positive. If the H. pylori test is negative, empiric therapy with a gastric acid suppressant or prokinetic agent is recommended. If symptoms persist or recur after six to eight weeks of empiric therapy, endoscopy should be performed. (+info)
(4/162) Management of co-existing intra-abdominal disease in aortic surgery.
OBJECTIVES: the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms more than 5 cm in diameter is well accepted, but controversy surrounds the management of concomitant serious intra-abdominal lesions diagnosed in the perioperative period. This study was undertaken to demonstrate that synchronous surgery is feasible and safe in this group of patients. DESIGN: in 1978 a decision was made to undertake combined operations on all patients with an aortic aneurysm of 5 cm or more in diameter and a significant non-vascular intra-abdominal lesion requiring surgery. METHODS: the case records of 676 patients who had aortic grafting for aneurysmal disease or the urgent management of occlusive disease between 1978 and 1998 were analysed retrospectively. SETTING: district general hospital. RESULTS: fifty-six (8%) patients had co-existing intra-abdominal disease treated at the time of aortic graft surgery. There were three (5%) hospital deaths and seven patients required early reoperation. One patient developed a subphrenic abscess and there were three superficial wound infections. There has been no clinical evidence of aortic graft infection in this series. CONCLUSION: this single centre experience with synchronous surgery demonstrates that it is safe and does not appear to predispose to an increased risk of graft infection. (+info)
(5/162) Sigmoid endometriosis and ovarian stimulation.
In-vitro fertilization (IVF) and ovarian stimulation are frequently performed in patients with endometriosis. Although endometriosis is a hormone-dependent disease, the rate of IVF complications related to endometriosis is low. We report four cases of severe digestive complications due to the rapid growth of sigmoid endometriosis under ovarian stimulation. In three patients, sigmoid endometriosis was diagnosed at laparoscopy for sterility. Because of the absence of digestive symptoms or repercussion on the bowel, no bowel resection was performed before ovarian stimulation. All patients experienced severe digestive symptoms during ovarian stimulation, and a segmental sigmoid resection had to be performed. Analysis of endoscopic and radiological data demonstrated that bowel lesions of small size may rapidly enlarge and become highly symptomatic under ovarian stimulation. At immunohistochemistry, these infiltrating lesions displayed high populations of steroid receptors and a high proliferative index (Ki-67 activity), suggesting a strong dependence on circulating ovarian hormones and a potential for rapid growth under supraphysiological oestrogen concentrations. Clinicians should be aware of this rare but severe digestive complication of ovarian stimulation. The early diagnosis of such lesions may help the patients to avoid months of morbidity falsely attributed to ovarian stimulation side effects. Further experience is necessary to determine the optimal attitude when diagnosing a small and asymptomatic endometriotic bowel lesion before ovarian stimulation. (+info)
(6/162) Defective dietary fat processing in transgenic mice lacking aquaporin-1 water channels.
Immunocytochemistry showed expression of aquaporin-1 (AQP1) water channels at sites involved in dietary fat processing, including intrahepatic cholangiocytes, gallbladder, pancreatic microvascular endothelium, and intestinal lacteals. To determine whether AQP1 has a role in dietary fat digestion and/or absorption, mice were placed on a diet that contained 50% fat. Whereas wild-type mice (3-3.5 wk of age, 10-12 g) gained 49 +/- 5% (SE, n = 50) body weight in 8 days, and heterozygous mice gained 46 +/- 4%, AQP1 null mice gained only 4 +/- 3%; weights became similar after return to a 6% fat diet after 6 days. The null mice on a high-fat diet acquired an oily appearance, developed steatorrhea with increased stool triglyceride content, and manifested serum hypotriglyceridemia. Supplementation of the high-fat diet with pancreatic enzymes partially corrected the decreased weight gain in null mice. Absorption of [(14)C]oleic acid from small intestine was not affected by AQP1 deletion, as determined by blood radioactivity after duodenal infusion. Lipase activity in feces and small intestine was remarkably greater in AQP1 null than wild-type mice on low- and high-fat diets. Fluid collections done in older mice (that are less sensitive to a high-fat diet) by ductal cannulation showed threefold increased pancreatic fluid flow in response to secretin/cholecystokinin, but volumes, pH, and amylase activities were affected little by AQP1 deletion, nor were bile flow rates and bile salt concentrations. Together, these results establish a dietary fat misprocessing defect in AQP1 null mice. (+info)
(7/162) Treatment of cystic fibrosis in the adult.
There has been a dramatic increase in the life expectancy of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) over the last 20 years. CF used to be fatal in childhood but now, over a third of the patients are adults. The reasons for improved survival are multi-factorial. The disease affects most systems of the body although the majority of morbidity and mortality is due to lung disease. As in any life-threatening disease, in addition to medical issues, there are many psychosocial and spiritual issues, which need attention. Transition from paediatric to adult care needs to be handled very sensitively. Arranging a balanced and reliable system of care - out-patient, in-patient and home care - is essential to ensure the patient's survival and quality of life is as good as possible. (+info)
(8/162) [Comparison of endoscopic ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in severe pelvic endometriosis].
Deep pelvic endometriosis may lead to severe pain, the treatment of which may require complete surgical resection of lesions. Digestive infiltration is a difficult therapeutic problem. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult and digestive infiltration may remain unknown with incomplete resection and sometimes repeated surgery. Both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and endoscopic ultrasonography are able to detect rectosigmoid infiltration but their usefulness in the preoperative staging is still to be evaluated. The aim of this work was to evaluate and compare both techniques in the preoperative detection of deep pelvic endometriosis, particularly digestive infiltration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1996 to 1998, 48 women with painful deep pelvic endometriosis had preoperative imaging exploration with endoscopic ultrasonography and MRI, and were operated on in order to attempt complete endometriosis resection. Patients were proposed for laparoscopic resection if endoscopic ultrasonography and/or MRI did not reveal digestive infiltration or for open resection if endoscopic ultrasonography and/or MRI were positive for digestive infiltration. RESULTS: Endoscopic ultrasonography and/or MRI led to suspicion of digestive endometriosis in 16 patients. Surgical resection was performed in 12 and digestive wall invasion was histologically demonstrated. At final follow-up, all patients had a dramatic decrease of their symptoms. The remaining 4 patients refused digestive resection and had only laparoscopic gynecologic resection. Infiltration although not histologically proven was very likely both on operative findings and clinical evolution. Digestive infiltration was preoperatively excluded in the 32 other patients. All had a laparoscopic treatment without digestive resection and pain diminished in all patients. In the 12 patients group who had digestive resection, digestive infiltration was correctly diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasonography in all cases (no false negative) whereas MRI, even with the use of endocoil antenna, led to correct diagnosis in 8 out of 12 cases. When endoscopic ultrasonography was negative for digestive infiltration, laparoscopic resection of lesions at surgery appeared complete in all cases. For the 16 patients with presumed digestive infiltration, sensitivity of endoscopic ultrasonography and MRI was 100 and 75% respectively, with a 100% specificity in both cases. MRI appeared very accurate for the detection of ovarian endometriotic locations. MRI was more sensitive but less specific than endoscopic ultrasonography for the diagnosis of isolated endometriotic recto-vaginal septum and utero-sacral ligaments lesions. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic ultrasonography was the best technique for the diagnosis of digestive endometriotic infiltration, which complicates the therapeutic strategy. MRI, however, allows more complete staging of other pelvic endometriotic lesions. (+info)
- This study will examine specimens collected from the mouth, teeth, lung, digestive tract and blood to measure H. pylori and its toxins and their effects on cells. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. (sameerislam.com)
- Mucositis is a painful inflammation and ulceration of the mucous membranes lining the digestive tract, usually as an adverse effect of chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatment for cancer. (dmoztools.net)
- Detailed information on this condition which can occur anywhere along the digestive tract and which is further complicated by the nausea and vomiting that often occurs during treatment. (dmoztools.net)
- Provides information on this condition that causes pain and inflammation in the lining of the digestive tract. (dmoztools.net)
- People 18 years of age and older with or without gastrointestinal disease may be eligible for this study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Analyses of gastrointestinal, oropharyngeal, lung and blood specimens will improve the understanding of H. pylori, VacA toxin, and other toxins as well as their potential role in pathophysiology of disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The objectives of this exploratory protocol are to procure gastrointestinal, oropharyngeal, lung and/or blood specimens from healthy research volunteers and subjects with lung disease (e.g., lymphangioleiomyomatosis, asthma, sarcoidosis, pulmonary fibrosis) and to analyze these specimens for H. pylori, VacA toxin, and other toxins. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Methods Randomised phase III trials on adult patients with gastrointestinal diseases registered before January 2009 in http://ClinicalTrials.gov were eligible for inclusion. (bmj.com)
- Only trials concerning gastrointestinal diseases were evaluated, which makes it difficult to generalise to other medical specialties. (bmj.com)
- Digestive disorders are conditions that affect any part of the digestive system. (dmoztools.net)
- This site is dedicated to digestive disorders. (dmoztools.net)
- Information includes what the liver does, how to keep it healthy, common and uncommon diseases and disorders, tests and procedures, and transplant. (dmoztools.net)
- degenerative disease of the liver. (freezingblue.com)
- In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that environmental pollutants are dose-dependently associated with increased risk for alanine aminotransferase elevation and suspected nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the NHANES adult population. (ctdbase.org)
- Depending on the severity and underlying cause of liver disease, a nonregenerative or regenerative anemia may develop. (merckvetmanual.com)
- In dogs with diffuse necroinflammatory liver disease (altered sinusoidal perfusion), RBCs with microvascular shearing (eg, schistocytes, acanthocytes) may be seen. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Although liver disease is especially common in horses and foals, progression to liver failure is not. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Hepatic lipidosis (secondary more often than primary) is reportedly the most common liver disease in llamas and alpacas, occurring in both crias and adults. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Clinical signs of hepatic disease may not be evident until >60%-80% of the liver parenchyma is nonfunctional or when hepatic dysfunction is secondary to disease in another organ system. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Onset of signs of hepatic encephalopathy and liver failure is often acute regardless of whether the hepatic disease process is acute or chronic. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Icterus, weight loss, or abnormal behavior are common in horses with liver disease and hepatic failure. (merckvetmanual.com)
- CNS signs are often the initial and predominant sign in horses with acute hepatic failure, whereas weight loss is a prominent sign in most but not all horses with chronic liver disease and failure. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Includes discussions of various specific conditions and information on symptoms and clinical manifestations of early and advanced liver disease. (dmoztools.net)
- Peritonitis Disease Provides information about causes, diagnosis, symptoms and treatment. (inter.rs)
- We hypothesize that the toxins may have a role in the pathogenesis of lung disease and in the subclinical decline in lung function seen with aging. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- chronic inflammatory disease primarily of the bowel. (freezingblue.com)
- These include people without a history of lung disease as well as patients with any of the following: lymphangioleiomyomatosis, asthma, sarcoidosis, other chronic or genetic lung disease (e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis or eosinophilic granuloma). (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Diseases that frequently result in hepatic failure in horses include Theiler disease, Tyzzer disease (foals), pyrrolizidine alkaloid toxicosis, hepatic lipidosis, suppurative cholangitis or cholangiohepatitis, cholelithiasis, and chronic active hepatitis. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Chronic disease with extensive loss of hepatic parenchyma and fibrosis, especially with portal bridging, warrants a poor prognosis. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Clinical signs may vary with the course of the disease (acute or chronic), primary site of injury (hepatocellular, biliary), and specific cause. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Anorexia and nausea seem to be mediated through the central nervous system, with reflex input from nerve endings in the stomach and duodenum. (britannica.com)
- In many diseases, vomiting may not be preceded by nausea at all, and in others there may be a long time lag between the two. (britannica.com)
- Indigestion may be caused by a disease, but it primarily occurs because of stress or improper eating habits, smoking, drinking excessive quantities of coffee or alcohol, or hypersensitivity to particular foods. (britannica.com)
- Endodontic disease occurs when the dental pulp (odontoblasts, fibroblasts, undifferentiated mesenchymal cells, blood vessels, and nerves in the center of the tooth) becomes infected and/or inflamed. (merckvetmanual.com)
- From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. (merckvetmanual.com)
- These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children. (ctdbase.org)
- The most obvious indication of endodontic disease is a fractured tooth with exposure of the pulp chamber. (merckvetmanual.com)
- This study will examine bacteria and toxins in the mouth, lung and digestive system that may be the cause of various diseases or symptoms. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Which of the following diseases is most likely to result in maldigestion? (merckvetmanual.com)
- This is characteristically noted in persons with primary diseases of the brain, especially those with tumours or meningitis in which the cerebrospinal fluid is under increased pressure. (britannica.com)
- Objectives To evaluate the adequacy of reporting of protocols for randomised trials on diseases of the digestive system registered in http://ClinicalTrials.gov and the consistency between primary outcomes, secondary outcomes and sample size specified in http://ClinicalTrials.gov and published trials. (bmj.com)
- Provides information on the HALO 360 System designed to treat and circumferentially remove the diseased oesophageal lining referred to as Barrett's Oesophagus. (dmoztools.net)
- Generally, when evaluating a tooth with endodontic and/or periapical disease, the focus should be on structural defects at its crown and root apex, the width of its pulp cavity, and the appearance of the periapical tissues. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Information on hepatic diseases with a focus on viral hepatitis. (dmoztools.net)
- Hepatic disease is common in large animals. (merckvetmanual.com)
- Although the exact incidence of hepatic disease in camelids (llamas, alpacas) is unknown, it appears to be common in North America. (merckvetmanual.com)
- In the early stages of the disease, the pain is easily and immediately relieved by antacids and, in duodenal ulcer, by light food. (britannica.com)
- Ulcers are produced when external factors reduce the ability of the mucosal lining to resist the acidic effects of gastric juice (a mixture of digestive enzymes and hydrochloric acid). (britannica.com)