Diet Records: Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Nutritional Requirements: The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.Dietary Fiber: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.JapanDiet, Reducing: A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.Medical Records: Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Records as Topic: The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.Diet, High-Fat: Consumption of excessive DIETARY FATS.Diet, Fat-Restricted: A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Forms and Records Control: A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.Diet, Mediterranean: A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, EDIBLE GRAIN and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.Medical Record Linkage: The creation and maintenance of medical and vital records in multiple institutions in a manner that will facilitate the combined use of the records of identified individuals.Diet, Vegetarian: Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.Diet, Protein-Restricted: A diet that contains limited amounts of protein. It is prescribed in some cases to slow the progression of renal failure. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted: A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.Ketogenic Diet: A course of food intake that is high in FATS and low in CARBOHYDRATES. This diet provides sufficient PROTEINS for growth but insufficient amount of carbohydrates for the energy needs of the body. A ketogenic diet generates 80-90% of caloric requirements from fats and the remainder from proteins.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Diet, Atherogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and acceleration of ATHEROGENESIS.Diet Therapy: By adjusting the quantity and quality of food intake to improve health status of an individual. This term does not include the methods of food intake (NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT).Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Patient Access to Records: The freedom of patients to review their own medical, genetic, or other health-related records.Hospital Records: Compilations of data on hospital activities and programs; excludes patient medical records.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Diet Fads: Diets which become fashionable, but which are not necessarily nutritious.(Lehninger 1982, page 484)Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Nursing Records: Data recorded by nurses concerning the nursing care given to the patient, including judgment of the patient's progress.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Diet, Sodium-Restricted: A diet which contains very little sodium chloride. It is prescribed by some for hypertension and for edematous states. (Dorland, 27th ed)
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Diet and Exercise Record - 24 June 2008: lmc dietblogDiet and Exercise Record - 24 June 2008 Breakfast: Special K breakfast bar (90 cal). Snack: 100 cal pack of Oreos (100 cal). ...
Why your high protein diet might not be a good idea - Canon City Daily Record... and Italian researchers tracked thousands of adults for nearly two decades and found that those who ate a diet high in animal ... U.S. and Italian researchers tracked thousands of adults for nearly two decades and found that those who ate a diet high in ... "At older ages, it may be important to avoid a low-protein diet to allow the maintenance of healthy weight and protection from ... Their secret: For much of their lives, a large number of villagers maintained a low-protein, plant-based diet. In their older ...
A New Method for Self-assessment of Daily Calorie Intake - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govdiet. energy balance. energy intake. 24 hours recall. food intake. ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 21, ...
Calibration of a food frequency questionnaire in Koreans.Diet / statistics & numerical data*. Diet Records. Female. Humans. Interviews as Topic. Korea. Male. Middle Aged. ... The mean values from the FFQ differed at most by 14% from those of the dietary records for all nutrients with the exception of ... One hundred and thirty-eight of those who completed the first phase were then interviewed to test FFQ against dietary records ... The degree of good agreement by cross-classification between the dietary records and the FFQ ranged from 67% to 90%. The newly ...
The influence of fruit and vegetable intake on the nutritional status and plasma homocysteine levels of institutionalised...Diet Records. Diet Surveys. Erythrocytes / chemistry. Female. Folic Acid / blood, metabolism. Fruit*. Geriatric Assessment. ... the contribution of their diet towards covering the recommended daily intake of vitamin B1, niacin, vitamin B6, folic acid, ...
Vitamin D intake needed to maintain target serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in participants with low sun exposure and...Diet Records. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. European Continental Ancestry Group. Female. Humans. Male. Nutritional ... 49 ft (15 m)]. Skin reflectance was measured using a spectrophotometer, vitamin D intake using food records, and sun exposure ...
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Plus itDiet record and urinary lignan analysis. Flaxseed intake was recorded daily. At baseline and before surgery, three food records ... Before and prior to the end of treatment, 24-hour urine samples and 3-day diet records were also collected for lignan and ... Twenty-four-hour urine samples were analyzed for lignans, and 3-day diet records were evaluated for macronutrient and caloric ... Adlercreutz H. Western diet and Western disease: some hormonal and biochemical mechanisms and associations. Scand J Clin Lab ...
Patent US5137692 - Nitrogen test kit for physical training - Google PatentsA nitrogen test kit for determining the relative level of nitrogen of a user who is involved in a health program where diet and ... Diet is recorded and listed for nitrogen content on the diet record pad 34 shown in FIG. 4. The diet record pad 34 has sheets ... 4 is a plan view of a diet record pad.. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS. The non-invasive indicator system of this ... the user records a series of tests performed under relatively constant programs of moderate exercise and preferably normal diet ...
May 2014 Abstracts - C-reactive Protein | Life ExtensionUsual dietary zinc intake was estimated from 3-day diet records. Serum zinc and urinary zinc concentration were measured by ... This supplement should be taken in conjunction with a healthy diet and regular exercise program. Individual results are not ... You should consult with a healthcare professional before starting any diet, exercise or supplementation program, before taking ...
Diabetes1). All subjects completed a 24-h diet record the day before their pretraining euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp and were then ... 3). Analysis of 3-day diet records revealed no significant changes in caloric intake (total, protein, carbohydrate, and fat) ... and a 3-day diet record, which were repeated during the final week of training (Tables 2 and 3). The euglycemic- ... asked to duplicate this diet the day before their post-training test. ...
2005 DGAC report - Part D. Science Base, Sect. 5. CarbohydratesDeterminants of diet glycemic index calculated retrospectively from diet records of 342 individuals with non-insulin-dependent ... Diet and 20-year mortality from coronary heart disease: the Ireland-Boston Diet-Heat Study. New England Journal of Medicine 312 ... diet quality, whereas sugar-sweetened beverages, sugars and sweets, and sweetened grains had a negative impact on their diet ... Diet, lifestyle, and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. New England Journal of Medicine 345:790-797, 2001. ...
Preoperative Eating Behavior, Postoperative Dietary Adherence and Weight Loss Following Gastric Bypass SurgeryValidation of a self-administered diet history questionnaire using multiple diet records. J Clin Epidemiol. 1990;43:1327-1335. ... Can self-reported body weight be used to evaluate long-term follow-up of a weight loss program? J Am Diet Assoc. 1987;87:1198- ... The questionnaire has excellent reliability and has been validated against multiple 4-day and 7-day food records.26-27 ... They were instructed to begin with a liquid diet for the first two weeks after surgery. They then slowly progressed to small ...
First record of Siganus randalli Teleost, Siganidae in New Caledonia, and comments on its diet - pdf download... and comments on its diet. . Download books free in pdf. Online library with books, university works and thousands of documents ... First record of Siganus randalli Teleost, Siganidae in New Caledonia, ... First record of Siganus randalli Teleost, Siganidae in New Caledonia, and comments on its diet - Download this document for ... First record of Siganus randalli Teleost, Siganidae in New Caledonia, and comments on its diet. ...
Qualified Health Claims: Letter Regarding "Tomatoes and Prostate, Ovarian, Gastric and Pancreatic Cancers (American Longevity...... diet recalls, or diet records, in which the type and amount of foods consumed are estimated. Estimated lycopene concentration ... Key, T.J.A., Silcocks, P.B., Davey, G.K., Appleby, P.N., Bishop, D.T. 'A case-control study of diet and prostate cancer.' ... Goodman, M.T., Hankin J.H., Wilkens L.R., Lyu L.C., McDuffie K., Liu L.Q., Kolonel L.N. 'Diet, body size, physical activity, ... Baghurst, P.A., McMichael, A.J., Slavotinek, A.H., Baghurst, K.I., Boyle, P., Walker, A.M. 'A case-control study of diet and ...
Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and ischaemic heart disease: an evaluation of the evidence | The BMJ... diet surveys, diet records, food habits). We calculated the differences as a proportion of the SD in each study. Thus we ... Relationship between diet and smoking-is the diet of smokers different? J Epidemiol Community Health 1991;45:270-2. ... How much of the association is due to confounding by diet?. Direct estimate. The diet of smokers and of non-smokers who live ... Diet, smoking, social class, and body mass index in the Caerphilly heart disease study. Am J Clin Nutr 1984;40:827-33. ...
Healthy.Net -Lipids: Fats and Oils (4)- HealthWorld OnlineThis can be analyzed through a diet record (see Appendix). Since a gram of fat es 9 calories, a 2000-calorie daily diet could ... Obesity is much more likely in people who eat a high-fat diet, which is often a high-calorie diet, since each gram of fat ... They usually consume a diet higher in fiber and lower in fat than the average American. A study of the Mormon high-fiber diet ... They provide about 42 percent of the calories in the average American diet. A diet that derives closer to 20 25 percent of ...
Exercise and Nutrition for Head and Neck Cancer Patients - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.govThe 3-Day Diet Record is said to be the most accurate for mean macronutrient content and appropriate for use in studies where ... Diet Behaviour - 3 Day food record [ Time Frame: At baseline (diagnosis) and 4 & 8 weeks, 3, 6, 9, 12 months post diagnosis. ] ... Diet Behaviour: PG-SGA [ Time Frame: At baseline (diagnosis), each week during radiation treatment (6.5 weeks in duration), and ... To date, interventions to address body composition issues have focused solely on diet, despite findings that nutritional ...
Heartburn -- Overview | Largo Medical Center | Largo, FLMake gradual changes to your diet and record the results.. *Avoid foods and drinks that trigger digestive symptoms. ...
Space Travel and Nutrition - calcium, effects, food, deficiency, needs, body, diet, absorption, carbohydrateDiet of, Probiotics, Protein, Quackery, Recommended Dietary Allowances, Refugee Nutrition Information System, Regional Diet, ... Crew members are provided a diet-record logbook and digital scale, or the foods are weighed by the research dietitian and ... record the amount consumed. The amounts of certain nutrients in each meal are calculated from the record of how much of each ... Because of this, all of the astronauts' vitamin D has to be provided by their diet . However, it is very common for vitamin D ...
Curriculum | MSHN | Degree Programs | ACADEMICS | Hawthorn UniversityEvaluate nutrient values in diet records, determine appropriate intervention strategies to improve health, and select foods ... Diet and exercise for various metabolic needs and activity levels are introduced. Health issues such as injury, chronic pain, ... Collect and interpret specific diet and health information from client consultations *Create appropriate S.M.A.R.T. goals with ... The effects of stress management, diet, and nutrient support for health are discussed, while conditions resulting from or ...
Mayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.List of countries by food energy intake: Food consumption refers to the amount of food available for human consumption as estimated by the FAO Food Balance Sheets. However the actual food consumption may be lower than the quantity shown as food availability depending on the magnitude of wastage and losses of food in the household, e.Carbohydrate loading: Carbohydrate loading, commonly referred to as carb-loading or carbo-loading, is a strategy used by endurance athletes, such as marathon runners, to maximize the storage of glycogen (or energy) in the muscles and liver.http://www.Animal fatProtein toxicity: Protein toxicity with proteinuria can result in those with preexisting kidney disease, or those who have lost kidney function due to age.Vegetable juiceComplete Wheat Bran Flakes: Kellogg's Complete Wheat Bran Flakes is a breakfast cereal containing 100% of the United States' Recommended Dietary Allowance of eleven vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B1, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, E, and Iron, Riboflavin, Folic Acid, and Zinc. One 3/4 cup serving contains 3 grams of protein, 5 grams of dietary fiber and 90 calories, 5 of which come from fat.Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.Fruit snack: A fruit snack is a processed food eaten as a snack in the United States. Fruit snacks are very similar to gummi candies.PRX-07034: PRX-07034 is a selective 5-HT6 receptor antagonist. It has cognition and memory-enhancing properties and potently decreases food intake and body weight in rodents.Niigata UniversityDieter Weichert: Dieter Weichert (born 1948) is a German mechanical engineer specialising in solid mechanics and polymer rheology. Since 1995 he is the Director of the Institute for General Mechanics of RWTH Aachen.Loader (computing): In computing, a loader is the part of an operating system that is responsible for loading programs and libraries. It is one of the essential stages in the process of starting a program, as it places programs into memory and prepares them for execution.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Dry matter: The dry matter (or otherwise known as dry weight) is a measurement of the mass of something when completely dried.Rourke Baby Record: The Rourke Baby Record is a pediatric record widely used in Canada, and provides practice guidelines to physicians for the care of Canadian neonates, infants and toddlers. "The Rourke," as it's called among Canadian family physicians and pediatricians, is published by the Canadian Pediatric Society, and is intended for general use with patients ages 0–5 years.Mediterranean Diet Pyramid: The Mediterranean Diet Pyramid is a nutrition guide that was developed by Oldways, the Harvard School of Public Health, and the World Health Organization in 1993. It summarizes the Mediterranean Diet pattern of eating, suggesting the types and frequency of foods that should be enjoyed every day.Vegetarian cuisine: Vegetarian cuisine is based on food that meets vegetarian standards by not including meat and animal tissue products (such as gelatin or animal derived rennet). For lacto-ovo vegetarianism (the most common type of vegetarianism in the Western world), eggs and dairy products such as milk and cheese are permitted.Low-protein diet: A low-protein diet is a diet in which people reduce their intake of protein. A low-protein diet is prescribed for those with inherited metabolic disorders, such as Phenylketonuria and Homocystinuria and reduced protein levels have been used by people with kidney or liver disease.Cyclic ketogenic diet: A cyclic ketogenic diet (or carb-cycling) is a low-carbohydrate diet with intermittent periods of high or moderate carbohydrate consumption. This is a form of the general Ketogenic diet that is used as a way to maximize fat loss while maintaining the ability to perform high-intensity exercise.SOAP note: The SOAP note (an acronym for subjective, objective, assessment, and plan) is a method of documentation employed by health care providers to write out notes in a patient's chart, along with other common formats, such as the admission note. Documenting patient encounters in the medical record is an integral part of practice workflow starting with patient appointment scheduling, to writing out notes, to medical billing.South Beach Diet: The South Beach Diet is a popular fad diet developed by Arthur Agatston and promoted in a best-selling 2003 book.Sandra Bastin for University of Kentucky Extension Service.Health management system: The health management system (HMS) is an evolutionary medicine regulative process proposed by Nicholas Humphrey reprinted fromLow sodium diet: A low sodium diet is a diet that includes no more than 1,500 to 2,400 mg of sodium per day.Heart Failure Society of America, How to follow a low sodium diet
(1/918) Dietary variety within food groups: association with energy intake and body fatness in men and women.
BACKGROUND: Short-term experimental studies suggest that dietary variety may influence body fatness but no long-term human studies have been reported. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether dietary variety within food groups influences energy intake and body fatness. DESIGN: Seventy-one healthy men and women (aged 20-80 y), who provided accurate reports of dietary intake and completed a body-composition assessment, were studied. RESULTS: Dietary variety was positively associated with energy intake within each of 10 food groups (r = 0.27-0.56, P < 0.05). In multiple regression analysis with age and sex controlled for, dietary variety of sweets, snacks, condiments, entrees, and carbohydrates (as a group) was positively associated with body fatness (partial r = 0.38, P = 0.001) whereas variety from vegetables was negatively associated (partial r = -0.31, P = 0.01) (R2 = 0.46, P < 0.0001). In separate models, both a variety ratio (variety of vegetables/variety of sweets, snacks, condiments, entrees, and carbohydrates) and percentage dietary fat were significant predictors of body fatness (controlled for age and sex, partial r = -0.39 and 0.31, respectively, P < 0.01). However, dietary fat was no longer significantly associated with body fatness when the variety ratio and dietary fat were included in the same model. CONCLUSIONS: Our data, coupled with those of previous short-term studies, suggest that a high variety of sweets, snacks, condiments, entrees, and carbohydrates coupled with a low variety of vegetables promotes long-term increases in energy intake and body fatness. These findings may help explain the rising prevalence of obesity. (+info)
(2/918) Association of dietary protein intake and coffee consumption with serum homocysteine concentrations in an older population.
BACKGROUND: Elevated blood concentrations of total homocysteine (tHcy) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Previous studies identified suboptimal nutritional status and dietary intake of folate, vitamin B-6, and vitamin B-12 as determinants of elevated tHcy. OBJECTIVE: We identified other nutritional factors associated with tHcy in 260 retired schoolteachers in the Baltimore metropolitan area. DESIGN: We performed observational analyses of baseline and 2-4-mo follow-up data collected in a study designed to test the feasibility of conducting a large-scale clinical trial of vitamin supplements by mail. The study population consisted of 151 women and 109 men with a median age of 64 y. At baseline, each participant completed a food-frequency questionnaire. At follow-up, fasting serum tHcy was measured. RESULTS: In multivariable linear regression and generalized linear models, there was an independent, inverse dose-response relation between dietary protein and In tHcy (P = 0.002) and a positive, significant dose-response relation between coffee consumption and In tHcy (P for trend = 0.01). Other significant predictors of In tHcy were creatinine (positive; P = 0.0001) and prestudy use of supplemental B vitamins (inverse; P = 0.03). In stratified analyses restricted to persons receiving standard multivitamin therapy, the association of 1n tHcy with dietary protein and coffee persisted. CONCLUSIONS: These results support the hypothesis that increased protein intake and decreased coffee consumption may reduce tHcy and potentially prevent atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and other disease outcomes. (+info)
(3/918) Underreporting of habitual food intake is explained by undereating in highly motivated lean women.
Underreporting of habitual food intake can be explained by underrecording and/or undereating. This study was designed to discriminate between the two errors mentioned, by measuring energy and water balance. Twenty-four lean female dieticians were recruited as subjects. Energy intake and water intake were measured for 1 wk with a weighed dietary record. Energy expenditure was estimated from measurements of resting metabolic rate, and measured physical activity with a triaxial accelerometer for movement registration. Water loss was estimated with deuterium-labeled water. Energy balance was determined by measuring the change in body mass over a nonrecording week (preceding the recording week) and over the recording week. Mean energy and water intake were 8.5 +/- 1.0 MJ/d and 2.3 +/- 0.5 L/d. The change in body mass in the nonrecording week was 0.1 +/- 0.6 kg and in the recording week -0.6 +/- 0.8 kg (paired t test; P = 0.02), indicating 16% undereating. Recorded water intake plus calculated metabolic water closely matched measured water loss (r = 0.93; P = 0.0001), which indicated a high recording precision. In conclusion, in the studied group of highly motivated lean women, there was 16% underreporting of habitual food intake, which could be explained by undereating. (+info)
(4/918) Multicenter randomized trial of a comprehensive prepared meal program in type 2 diabetes.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of a comprehensive prepackaged meal plan, incorporating the overall dietary guidelines of the American Diabetes Association and other national health organizations, relative to those of a self-selected diet based on exchange lists in free-living individuals with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 202 women and men (BMI < or = 42 kg/m2) whose diabetes was treated with diet alone or an oral hypoglycemic agent were enrolled at 10 medical centers. After a 4-week baseline period, participants were randomized to a nutrient-fortified prepared meal plan or a self-selected exchange-list diet for 10 weeks. On a caloric basis, both interventions were designed to provide 55-60% carbohydrate, 20-30% fat, and 15-20% protein. At intervals, 3-day food records were completed, and body weight, glycemic control, plasma lipids, and blood pressure were assessed. RESULTS: Food records showed that multiple nutritional improvements were achieved with both diet plans. There were significant overall reductions in body weight and BMI, fasting plasma glucose and serum insulin, fructosamine, HbA1c, total and LDL cholesterol, and blood pressure (P < 0.001 or better for all). In general, differences in major end points between the diet plans were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors improve in individuals with type 2 diabetes who consume diets in accordance with the American Diabetes Association guidelines. The prepared meal program was as clinically effective as the exchange-list diet. The prepared meal plan has the additional advantages of being easily prescribed and eliminating the complexities of meeting the multiple dietary recommendations for type 2 diabetes management. (+info)
(5/918) Diabetes risk factors in low-income Mexican-American children.
OBJECTIVE: To learn if Mexican-American children from low income neighborhoods have excess diabetes risk factors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The study involved 173 Mexican-American children aged 9 years. This is the age before type 2 diabetes usually develops in youths and where the disparity in body fat between Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white children is evident. The study also targets poor children because diabetes and being overweight are more common in Mexican-American adults from a lower than from a higher socioeconomic status. The diabetes risk factors measured were percent body fat, dietary fat intake, daily fruit and vegetable intake, and physical fitness. Body fat was measured by bioelectric impedance, dietary intake was measured by three 24-h dietary recalls, and physical fitness was measured by a modified Harvard step test. RESULTS: According to self-reported dietary recalls, Mexican-American children ate higher than recommended fat servings and had higher percent energy from fat and saturated fat. On the other hand, their reported daily fruit and vegetable intake was half of that recommended by national dietary guidelines. A large percentage of these children were at unacceptable physical fitness levels. Percent body fat was higher in these Mexican-American children than that reported for non-Hispanic white children. Finally, 60% of the children had a first- or second-degree relative with diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Because diabetes is highly prevalent in Mexican-American adults, type 2 diabetes in increasing in Mexican-American youths, and diabetes risk factors are more common in Mexican-American children, a prudent measure would be to explore early-age diabetes risk factor prevention programs in this population. (+info)
(6/918) Foods contributing to absolute intake and variance in intake of fat, fatty acids and cholesterol in middle-aged Japanese.
On the basis of 351 one-day weighed diet records, we selected foods/recipes contributing to nutrients of interest for a data-based food frequency questionnaire by contribution analysis and multiple regression analysis. Total fat was largely of animal and vegetable origin, irrespective of analytic methods. Saturated fatty acid was mostly from animal and vegetable sources according to contribution analysis, and that of animal origin was the main contributor by multiple regression analysis. Mono-unsaturated fatty acid was substantially supplied by animal and vegetable products by either analytic method. Poly-unsaturated fatty acid, n-6 poly-unsaturated fatty acid and linoleic acid were found to be of vegetable origin and chicken egg according to contribution analysis; while vegetable oil and mayonnaise were the major contributors to variance in intake. Arachidonic acid was, however, mostly provided by animal sources including chicken egg and fish, irrespective of analytic methods. N-3 poly-unsaturated fatty acids and alpha-linolenic acid were of vegetable and marine origin. Eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids were particularly from marine products, irrespective of analytic methods, except for chicken egg in docosahexaenoic acid by contribution analysis. Cholesterol was of animal and marine origin by either analytic method. Thus, foods contributing to absolute intake and variance in intake of fat, fatty acids and cholesterol differed considerably. (+info)
(7/918) Food preferences and reported frequencies of food consumption as predictors of current diet in young women.
BACKGROUND: Self-reported food preferences and frequencies of food consumption have served as proxy measures of the current diet in consumer research and in nutritional epidemiology studies, respectively. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether food preferences and food-frequency scores are associated variables that are predictive of nutrient intakes. DESIGN: College-age women (n = 87) completed a 98-item food-frequency questionnaire and rated preferences for many of the same foods on a 9-point category scale. Estimated intakes of fat, fiber, and vitamin C were obtained by using 3-d food records. RESULTS: For virtually all item pairs tested, food preferences and reported frequencies of consumption of the same foods were significantly correlated with each other. The median Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.40 (range: -0.04 to 0.62). Correlations improved when foods were aggregated into factor-based food groups. The slope of the relation between food preferences and frequency of consumption varied with food category. Both food preferences and food frequencies predicted dietary outcomes. Fat consumption was predicted equally well by either approach in a multiple regression model. Intakes of fiber and vitamin C were better predicted by food-frequency scores than by stated preferences for vegetables and fruit. CONCLUSIONS: Reported frequencies of food consumption, the core of the food-frequency approach, were associated with food likes and dislikes. Food preferences were a predictor of dietary intakes and may provide an alternative to the food-frequency approach for dietary intake assessment. (+info)
(8/918) Energy metabolism increases and regional body fat decreases while regional muscle mass is spared in humans climbing Mt. Everest.
The objectives of the study were to determine regional changes in body composition, energy expenditure by means of doubly labeled water, and net energy balance during exposure to high and extreme altitudes (5,300-8,848 m). This study focuses on a subset of subjects who consumed the doubly labeled water (three base camp personnel and seven climbers). Regional body composition was determined by measuring skinfold thicknesses and circumferences at 10 different sites on the body. Energy expenditure was measured by doubly labeled water excretion. Discrepancies between actual energy expenditure and data obtained from diet records and body weight changes suggested a chronic underreporting of dietary energy intake, especially by those subjects who reached the highest altitudes. This underreporting may be due in part to diminished cognition or to a preferential focus on survival, rather than on filling out diet records accurately. Mean adjusted dietary intakes were 10.50 +/- 0. 65 MJ/d (2510 +/- 155 kcal/d) for those who remained at base camp, and 20.63 +/- 6.56 MJ/d (4931 +/- 1568 kcal/d) for those who climbed above base camp. Energy expenditure averaged 2.5-3.0 times sea level resting energy expenditure. Differential changes in regional body composition suggested a preferential loss of fat mass and a relative sparing of muscle mass, despite insufficient energy intake to maintain body weight. (+info)
- In addition to the protein aspect which is great for weight loss alone, the Paleo diet is obviously reduced in sugars and includes a reduced caloric count. (musicaport.com)
- The reduced sugars combined with high levels of natural fibre while with this diet guarantees that the danger of coronary heart problems, diabetes and different fat related ailments and problems is decreased. (musicaport.com)
- Carbohydrates-the sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, vegetables, grains and milk products-are an important part of a healthy diet. (health.gov)
- The mean values from the FFQ differed at most by 14% from those of the dietary records for all nutrients with the exception of vitamin A. Spearman rank-order correlation coefficients and cross-classification were also calculated. (biomedsearch.com)
- Skin reflectance was measured using a spectrophotometer, vitamin D intake using food records, and sun exposure using polysulfone dosimeter badges. (biomedsearch.com)
- A total of 144 Koreans aged 40 years and above participated in the first phase, which was conducted using the three-day dietary record method. (biomedsearch.com)
- One hundred and thirty-eight of those who completed the first phase were then interviewed to test FFQ against dietary records as a reference. (biomedsearch.com)
- The mean absolute nutrient intakes estimated by the dietary records were statistically compared with those estimated by the FFQ using paired t-tests. (biomedsearch.com)
- The sweetness of soda, both regular and diet, may also cause a person to develop a dietary preference for sweeter food, which tends to have more calories. (aledotimesrecord.com)
- U.S. and Italian researchers tracked thousands of adults for nearly two decades and found that those who ate a diet high in animal proteins during middle age were four times more likely to die of cancer than contemporaries with low-protein diets - a risk factor comparable to smoking. (canoncitydailyrecord.com)
- whereas meals like eggplant aren't unhealthy for diet record template, they are usually much less useful than inexperienced veggies like spinach. (audiopigeon.com)
- We briefly study the Montignac Meals plan presenting its benefits and drawbacks, two diet record template sample menus, and much more. (audiopigeon.com)
- Since the frustrating most of meals on the Paleo diet do not contain sometimes gluten or casein, sensitivity patients can delight! (musicaport.com)
- Diet healthy eating cancer well being is in your hands. (audiopigeon.com)
- One of the very most standard reasons why the Paleo diet life style is healthy for you personally is simply because you almost reduce all ingredients and artificial additives, lots of which were proven to be damaging to your health best paleo recipes . (musicaport.com)
- Initially view, the Paleo Diet lifestyle may appear like a hard choice to create with limited food alternatives nevertheless if you appear closer and explore a little deeper, these doubts will soon be addressed and upon creating some small worthy sacrifices you will soon be bettering your possibility of actually living a healthy and happier, condition free life! (musicaport.com)
- At older ages, it may be important to avoid a low-protein diet to allow the maintenance of healthy weight and protection from frailty," another co-author, USC gerontology professor Eileen Crimmins, said in a release detailing the findings. (canoncitydailyrecord.com)
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- Gender, baseline cognitive restraint, and self-reported adherence to the postoperative diet at postoperative Week 20 were associated with percent weight loss at postoperative Week 92. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Baseline cognitive restraint and adherence to the recommended postoperative diet were associated with percent weight loss following gastric bypass surgery. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- a "low-protein" diet was defined as less than 10 percent. (canoncitydailyrecord.com)
- The study also compared participants who drank more than one diet or regular soda daily to those who drank less than one soft drink per week. (aledotimesrecord.com)
- The HCG Eating routine program does not require you to tug weights or cease consuming, all you will need hemplate do is eat some drops every single day and it is templare you'll free diet plan com the fat eecord your pores and skin merely. (audiopigeon.com)
- So this is the basic premise which ideally responses your question, What's the Paleo diet consuming program all about yet you may still be wondering why you'd make the significant change to the Paleo Diet. (musicaport.com)
- Exactly how much protein belongs in the average diet has proven a topic of perpetual debate, one complicated by popular diets such as Atkins and Paleo, which rely heavily on animal-based proteins to help people shed weight. (canoncitydailyrecord.com)
- Using the 'Categories Method' the investigators will calculate the caloric value of a meal by giving the average value of each category (record in parentheses). (clinicaltrials.gov)
- There are lots of health advantages related with this diet and maybe not the smallest amount of of them is possible relief for allergy patients as a result of the fact the Paleo is obviously allergen free. (musicaport.com)
- Drinking more than one soft drink daily, whether regular or diet, may increase risk factors for heart disease, according to the latest research from the Framingham Heart Study. (aledotimesrecord.com)
- Drinking more than one soft drink daily, whether regular or diet, may increase risk factors for heart disease, according to the latest research from the Framingham Heart Study, being published this week in Circulation, the journal of the American Heart Association. (aledotimesrecord.com)
- What really struck us was that it didn't matter whether it was diet or regular soda that the participants consumed - the association with increased risk was present. (aledotimesrecord.com)
- The link between soft drinks and the risk factors is not new - previous studies examined regular soft drinks - but this latest study shows artificially sweetened diet sodas could also be harmful. (aledotimesrecord.com)
- Last although not least, this diet has nothing of the other major risks as it pertains to heart problems and cancer like chemicals, sugar, salt, soaked fats and obviously the big one finding a pile of publicity lately, hydrogenated oils or trans fats because they are frequently known. (musicaport.com)