No data available that match "DNA Fingerprinting"



*  PCR-Based DNA Fingerprinting Kit

... a mere trace of DNA into enough material to fully analyze. ... In the PCR-Based DNA Fingerprinting Kit for biotechnology, use ... In the PCR-Based DNA Fingerprinting Kit for biotechnology, use PCR, which is an amazing technique used to "amplify" a mere ... The non-human DNA is amplified using an easy-to-use PCR reaction pellet and premixed primer. Instructions for the "cycling" ... The kit does not contain human DNA. A wonderful way to capture the science behind CSI shows in the classroom!Requires a thermal ...
https://flinnsci.com/pcr-based-dna-fingerprinting-kit/fb1892/

*  How do you create a DNA fingerprint? | Reference.com

You need a DNA sample, beakers, a laboratory, restriction... ... Creating your own DNA fingerprint helps you to learn about DNA ... What is mitochondrial DNA?. A: Mitochondrial DNA is DNA that is present inside the mitochondria of a cell. Mitochondrial DNA is ... What are the differences between DNA fingerprinting and regular fingerprinting?. A: Regular fingerprinting methods conduct ... Creating your own DNA fingerprint helps you to learn about DNA. This process takes about an hour to put together and overnight ...
https://reference.com/science/create-dna-fingerprint-a25c78a231c39e74

*  DNA fingerprinting

DNA Profiling and the Prosecutor's Fallacy. Posted in Bad Statistics with tags DNA fingerprinting, probability, Prosecutor's ... If the DNA profile of the suspect or evidence consists of a combination of traits that is very rare in the population at large ... If the DNA profiles obtained from the two samples are indistinguishable then they are said to "match" and this evidence can be ... If the DNA profile is not so rare then it becomes more likely that both samples match simply by chance. This probabilistic ...
https://telescoper.wordpress.com/tag/dna-fingerprinting/

*  DNA Fingerprinting Today, and its Future</span>

You are here: Home / Offices / Press Office / For Journalists / 25th Anniversary of DNA Fingerprinting / DNA Fingerprinting ... discovery of DNA fingerprinting with a variety of events, including a Darwin-DNA Day; lectures; an anniversary brochure and ... Professor Jeffreys speaks about his work, past and present, and his predictions for the next 25 years of DNA fingerprinting. ... Interview: Alec Jeffreys, the 'father of DNA evidence' - Interview for New Scientist ...
https://www2.le.ac.uk/offices/press/for-journalists/copy_of_25th-anniversary-of-dna-fingerprinting/dna-fingerprinting-today-and-its-future

*  DNA Fingerprinting - Use as a forensic tool, Historical Uses of DNA Fingerprinting

DNA Recognition Instruments DNA Sequences, Unique Fingerprint Analysis Genomics Retina and Iris Scans ... Historical Uses of DNA Fingerprinting Jeffreys was first given the opportunity to demonstrate the power of DNA fingerprinting ... The sequence of nucleotides in DNA is similar to a fingerprint, in that it is unique to each person. DNA fingerprinting is used ... Although DNA fingerprinting is scientifically sound, the use of DNA fingerprinting in courtrooms remains controversial. There ...
faqs.org/espionage/De-Eb/DNA-Fingerprinting.html

*  Biology-Online • View topic - restriction enzymes in dna fingerprinting

restriction enzymes in dna fingerprinting. Genetics as it applies to evolution, molecular biology, and medical aspects. ... restriction enzymes in dna fingerprinting. by mattw » Fri Nov 19, 2010 3:59 pm ... In DNA comparisons between two people, which genes or sequences are chosen to compare? You can't compare all the chromosomes, ... So which restriction enzymes are used, which sections of dna are chosen for comparison, how are they selected out, and how are ...
biology-online.org/biology-forum/about20033.html?p=127070&hilit=Fingerprinting

*  Multiloci DNA fingerprinting in population studies: primary analysis of blot-hybridization results]. - PubMed - NCBI

Multiloci DNA fingerprinting in population studies: primary analysis of blot-hybridization results].. [Article in Russian] ... The principles of primary treatment of blot-hybridization patterns obtained by means of multilocus DNA fingerprinting method ...
https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10752044

*  KAKEN - Research Projects | Universal Probe System for DNA Fingerprinting (KAKENHI-PROJECT-04670358)

DNA fingerprint / Universal probe / Paternity testing. Research Abstract. DNA fingerprinting requires the use of a specific DNA ... We were able to detect the DNA hybrids, that is, DNA fingerprints, with a commercially available, alkaline phosphatase-labeled ... As first step to a universal probe system, we isolated three DNA fingerprinting probes from a subgenomic library that had been ... it detected DNA fingerprints. This suggests that the probe is radically different from the known minisatellite probes ; ...
https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-04670358/

*  B6 DNA Fingerprinting - Revision Notes in GCSE Biology

DNA (or genetic) fingerprinting is way of comparing DNA samples to see if they come from same person or different people. ... Some people think all genetic fingerprints should be stored on national genetic database so DNA from crime scene can be checked ... DNA from hair, skin flakes, blood, semen taken from crime scene compared with DNA sample taken from suspect. ... DNA is unique, unless you're identical twins, in which case you have identical DNA. ...
https://getrevising.co.uk/revision-notes/b6_dna_fingerprinting

*  Last-male sperm precedence in the bushcricket Poecilimon veluchianus (Orthoptera, Tettigonioidea) demonstrated by DNA...

If you are a society or association member and require assistance with obtaining online access instructions please contact our Journal Customer Services team ...
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.1992.tb00154.x/pdf

*  DNA 'Fingerprinting' of Timber Products Makes Illegal Logging More Difficult -- Environmental Protection

... fingerprinting' and other genetic techniques are making it harder for illegal loggers to get away with destroying protected ... "We can use 'DNA barcoding' to identify species, 'DNA fingerprinting' to identify and track individual logs or wood products, ... Advances in DNA 'fingerprinting' and other genetic techniques are making it harder for illegal loggers to get away with ... DNA fingerprinting for timber products has grown in international recognition due to research led by the University of Adelaide ...
https://eponline.com/articles/2011/07/01/dna-fingerprinting-of-timber-products-makes-illegal-logging-more-difficult.aspx?admgarea=ht.sustainability

*  Sequencing and Fingerprinting DNA by Hybridization with Oligonucleotide Probes - Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry - Drmanac...

Sequencing and Fingerprinting DNA by Hybridization with Oligonucleotide Probes. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. . ...
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470027318.a1420/full?globalMessage=0&systemMessage=Wiley Online Library will be unavailable on Saturday 7th Oct from 03.00 EDT / 08:00 BST / 12:30 IST / 15.00 SGT to 08.00 EDT / 13.00 BST / 17:30 IST / 20.00 SGT and Sunday 8th Oct from 03.00 EDT / 08:00 BST / 12:30 IST / 15.00 SGT to 06.00 EDT / 11.00 BST / 15:30 IST / 18.00 SGT for essential maintenance. Apologies for the inconvenience caused

*  دمياط اليوم: DNA Fingerprinting

Dr.Ehab Fathy Gabr Aboueladab (PhD in Biochemistry), Associate Prof.Dr. of Biochemistry, Damietta University, Faculty of Specific Education Damietta, New Damietta City, P.O.Box.34517, Egypt, Tel :002-057-2224444(HOME), 002-057-2403085(WORK), 002-0100-7834123(MOBIEL or HANDY), Email:ehab10f@gmail.com, ChatYahoo:ehababoueladab@yahoo.com, http://www.labhoo.com, http://www.citeulike.org,http://vadlo.com,www.thesciencejobs.com, http://medicalppt.blogspot.com,http://www.medbio.info,worldcat.org. ...
https://damiettatoday.blogspot.com/2012/08/dna-fingerprinting_4478.html

*  Ethical Issues - DNA Fingerprinting

Overall, the DNA fingerprint does not give any direct information as to the nature of the genes coded for by the DNA, and it ... Forensic DNA data banks. Ensuring that they are used for the purpose for which they were collected and protected from Misuse. ... ensure that special protections are put in place for the DNA samples and the information generated. ... gives no information about the chemical sequence of the DNA. It does, however, give direct information about the identity of ...
dna-fingerprinting.weebly.com/ethical-issues.html

*  Biology Animations: DNA Fingerprinting Video 2

Biology Animations includes selected, high quality biological animations; about cell biology, microbiology, genetics, immunology, cancer treatments and diagnosis.... ...
biology-animations.blogspot.com/2010/12/dna-fingerprinting-video-2.html

*  Wallet, DNA, fingerprints retrieved from slain car salesman's vehicle - News - Daytona Beach News-Journal Online - Daytona...

Fingerprints and DNA have been recovered from the car of a South Daytona man shot dead execution style in the laundry room of ... Wallet, DNA, fingerprints retrieved from slain car salesman's vehicle. Wednesday. Jun 5, 2013 at 12:40 PM Jun 5, 2013 at 7:07 ... Fingerprints and DNA have been recovered from the car of a South Daytona man shot dead execution style in the laundry room of ... Fingerprints and DNA have been recovered from the car of a South Daytona man shot dead execution style in the laundry room of ...
news-journalonline.com/news/20130605/wallet-dna-fingerprints-retrieved-from-slain-car-salesmans-vehicle

*  Pathankot attack: Pakistan's joint probe team to seek DNA, finger prints of terrorists | The Siasat Daily

Pathankot attack: Pakistan's joint probe team to seek DNA, finger prints of terrorists. January 16, 2016, 12:48 AM IST ... The team decided to seek information from India about DNA reports and finger prints of killed attackers, he said. The team also ... set up by Pakistan to probe the Pathankot attack on Friday decided to seek from India the DNA reports and finger prints of the ...
https://siasat.com/news/pathankot-attack-pakistans-joint-probe-team-seek-dna-finger-prints-terrorists-902202/

*  DNA Fingerprint Identification - Fingerprinting.com

DNA Fingerprint Identification. DNA Fingerprinting, also known as Genetic Fingerprinting has recently come into vogue as a ... DNA fingerprinting is so named because of its use as a means of identification of a subject. DNA fingerprinting technology ... Remarkably, around 30% of DNA fingerprinting has exonerated suspects of a crime. Additionally, DNA fingerprinting has been used ... Fingerprinting Locations , Live Scan Fingerprinting , Fingerprint Background Check , Fingerprint Scanners , Resources , Contact ...
fingerprinting.com/dna-fingerprint-identification.php

*  UK DNA Database Contains Genetic Fingerprints of Over Four Million Individuals

Over a million people's genetic fingerprints have been added to the British police DNA database in the last ten months. ... DNA Finger Printing. DNA fingerprinting is a technique which helps forensic scientists and legal experts solve crimes, identity ... UK DNA Database Contains Genetic Fingerprints of Over Four Million Individuals. by VR Sreeraman on November 5, 2007 at 7:21 PM ... DNA Finger Printing Genetics and Stem Cells Genetic Testing of Diseases Epigenetics Christianson Syndrome ...
medindia.net/news/UK-DNA-Database-Contains-Genetic-Fingerprints-of-Over-Four-Million-Individuals-28989-1.htm

*  Abnormalities in Embryonic DNA Methylation may Cause Early Pregnancy Loss

Early pregnancy loss occurs because of the problems related to biochemical process in the DNA of the embryo. ... DNA Finger Printing. DNA fingerprinting is a technique which helps forensic scientists and legal experts solve crimes, identity ... DNA methylation is initiated by a group of enzymes called the DNA methyltransferase (DNMT), most importantly DNMT1, DNMT2, and ... DNA Finger Printing Trimester of pregnancy Pregnancy and Exercise Home Pregnancy Test Pregnancy Psychological Changes In ...
medindia.net/news/healthinfocus/abnormalities-in-embryo-dna-methylation-may-cause-early-pregnancy-loss-99524-1.htm

*  Gene That Disrupts Normal Heart Rhythm Identified

DNA Finger Printing. DNA fingerprinting is a technique which helps forensic scientists and legal experts solve crimes, identity ... DNA Finger Printing Palpitations And Arrhythmias Heart Healthy Heart Statins Mitral Valve Prolapse Aortic Valve Stenosis ...
medindia.net/news/Gene-That-Disrupts-Normal-Heart-Rhythm-Identified-33780-1.htm

*  Former Girlfriend of John Edwards Says She Won't Seek Paternity Test of Her Baby

DNA Finger Printing. DNA fingerprinting is a technique which helps forensic scientists and legal experts solve crimes, identity ... "Furthermore, Rielle will not participate in DNA testing or any other invasion of her ... privacy now or in the future." After ...
medindia.net/news/Former-Girlfriend-of-John-Edwards-Says-She-Wont-Seek-Paternity-Test-of-Her-Baby-40421-1.htm

*  People With Certain High Risk Gene Combinations More Vulnerable to Severe Illness

DNA Finger Printing. DNA fingerprinting is a technique which helps forensic scientists and legal experts solve crimes, identity ...
medindia.net/news/People-With-Certain-High-Risk-Gene-Combinations-More-Vulnerable-to-Severe-Illness-44652-1.htm

*  Recent Articles | Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency, Evolution And Cell & Molecular Biology | The Scientist Magazine®

Fingerprints of Ongoing Human Evolution Found. By Shawna Williams , September 5, 2017 ... an extinct species of the lumbering reptiles by breeding closely related species that contain traces of the lost lineage's DNA. ...
the-scientist.com/?articles.list/categoryNo/2625/category/The-Scientist/tagNo/3063,8,4,3/tags/lipoprotein-lipase-deficiency,evolution,cell--amp--molecular-biology,culture/

*  TopTaq Master Mix Kit - QIAGEN

TopTaq DNA Polymerase outperformed DNA polymerases tested from other suppliers and ensures high yields of specific products, ... TopTaq DNA Polymerase is the first PCR kit that can be stored at 4°C. TopTaq Stabilizer binds to TopTaq DNA Polymerase, ... TopTaq DNA Polymerase was used to amplify 14 different PCR products from mammalian genomic DNA ranging in size from 100 bp to 2 ... were amplified under identical cycling conditions using DNA polymerases from the indicated suppliers. TopTaq DNA Polymerase ( ...
https://qiagen.com/us/shop/genes-and-pathways/technology-portals/browse-qpcr/mirna-gene-expression/mirna-isolation/toptaq-master-mix-kit/

No data available that match "DNA Fingerprinting"



(1/3442) Tuberculosis outbreaks in prison housing units for HIV-infected inmates--California, 1995-1996.

During 1995-1996, staff from the California departments of corrections and health services and local health departments investigated two outbreaks of drug-susceptible tuberculosis (TB). The outbreaks occurred in two state correctional institutions with dedicated HIV housing units. In each outbreak, all cases were linked by IS6110-based DNA fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. This report describes the investigations of both outbreaks; the findings indicated that M. tuberculosis can spread rapidly among HIV-infected inmates and be transmitted to their visitors and prison employees, with secondary spread to the community.  (+info)

(2/3442) Influence of sampling on estimates of clustering and recent transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis derived from DNA fingerprinting techniques.

The availability of DNA fingerprinting techniques for Mycobacterium tuberculosis has led to attempts to estimate the extent of recent transmission in populations, using the assumption that groups of tuberculosis patients with identical isolates ("clusters") are likely to reflect recently acquired infections. It is never possible to include all cases of tuberculosis in a given population in a study, and the proportion of isolates found to be clustered will depend on the completeness of the sampling. Using stochastic simulation models based on real and hypothetical populations, the authors demonstrate the influence of incomplete sampling on the estimates of clustering obtained. The results show that as the sampling fraction increases, the proportion of isolates identified as clustered also increases and the variance of the estimated proportion clustered decreases. Cluster size is also important: the underestimation of clustering for any given sampling fraction is greater, and the variability in the results obtained is larger, for populations with small clusters than for those with the same number of individuals arranged in large clusters. A considerable amount of caution should be used in interpreting the results of studies on clustering of M. tuberculosis isolates, particularly when sampling fractions are small.  (+info)

(3/3442) Evaluation of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of genomic restriction fragments in the discrimination of Yersinia enterocolitica O:3.

One hundred and six Yersinia enterocolitica serogroup O:3, biotype 4 isolated from human and porcine samples in 1984 and in the years 1993 5 were examined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The genomic profiles produced by the enzymes NotI and XbaI were studied. Sixteen (A-P) and 8 (1-8) different pulsotypes were obtained, respectively. By combining the pulsotypes produced by both NotI and XbaI 24 different types were distinguished. The two major types, designated as A1 and B1, comprised 36% of all strains tested. The proportions of pulsotypes A1 and B1 were, 35.9 and 25.6%, respectively, among strains isolated in 1984. The corresponding figures among the strains isolated in 1993-5 were 35.8 and 41.8%. Nine pulsotypes were found only in 1984 and nine only in 1993-5. The proportions of the major pulsotypes, A1 and B1, in human isolates were 42.9 and 35.7% and in porcine isolates 22.2 and 36.1% respectively. Six types were found among both human and porcine isolates, 8 only among human strains and 10 only among porcine strains.  (+info)

(4/3442) Effect of phenylurea herbicides on soil microbial communities estimated by analysis of 16S rRNA gene fingerprints and community-level physiological profiles.

The effect of three phenyl urea herbicides (diuron, linuron, and chlorotoluron) on soil microbial communities was studied by using soil samples with a 10-year history of treatment. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) was used for the analysis of 16S rRNA genes (16S rDNA). The degree of similarity between the 16S rDNA profiles of the communities was quantified by numerically analysing the DGGE band patterns. Similarity dendrograms showed that the microbial community structures of the herbicide-treated and nontreated soils were significantly different. Moreover, the bacterial diversity seemed to decrease in soils treated with urea herbicides, and sequence determination of several DGGE fragments showed that the most affected species in the soils treated with diuron and linuron belonged to an uncultivated bacterial group. As well as the 16S rDNA fingerprints, the substrate utilization patterns of the microbial communities were compared. Principal-component analysis performed on BIOLOG data showed that the functional abilities of the soil microbial communities were altered by the application of the herbicides. In addition, enrichment cultures of the different soils in medium with the urea herbicides as the sole carbon and nitrogen source showed that there was no difference between treated and nontreated soil in the rate of transformation of diuron and chlorotoluron but that there was a strong difference in the case of linuron. In the enrichment cultures with linuron-treated soil, linuron disappeared completely after 1 week whereas no significant transformation was observed in cultures inoculated with nontreated soil even after 4 weeks. In conclusion, this study showed that both the structure and metabolic potential of soil microbial communities were clearly affected by a long-term application of urea herbicides.  (+info)

(5/3442) Arbitrarily primed PCR to type Vibrio spp. pathogenic for shrimp.

A molecular typing study on Vibrio strains implicated in shrimp disease outbreaks in New Caledonia and Japan was conducted by using AP-PCR (arbitrarily primed PCR). It allowed rapid identification of isolates at the genospecies level and studies of infraspecific population structures of epidemiological interest. Clusters identified within the species Vibrio penaeicida were related to their area of origin, allowing discrimination between Japanese and New Caledonian isolates, as well as between those from two different bays in New Caledonia separated by only 50 km. Other subclusters of New Caledonian V. penaeicida isolates could be identified, but it was not possible to link those differences to accurate epidemiological features. This contribution of AP-PCR to the study of vibriosis in penaeid shrimps demonstrates its high discriminating power and the relevance of the epidemiological information provided. This approach would contribute to better knowledge of the ecology of Vibrio spp. and their implication in shrimp disease in aquaculture.  (+info)

(6/3442) Organization of the gene cluster for biosynthesis of penicillin in Penicillium nalgiovense and antibiotic production in cured dry sausages.

Several fungal isolates obtained from two cured meat products from Spain were identified as Penicillium nalgiovense by their morphological features and by DNA fingerprinting. All P. nalgiovense isolates showed antibiotic activity in agar diffusion assays, and their penicillin production in liquid complex medium ranged from 6 to 38 microgram. ml-1. We constructed a restriction map of the penicillin gene cluster of P. nalgiovense and found that the organization of the penicillin biosynthetic genes (pcbAB, pcbC, and penDE) is the same as in Penicillium chrysogenum and Aspergillus nidulans. The pcbAB gene is located in an orientation opposite that of the pcbC and penDE genes in all three species. Significant amounts of penicillin were found in situ in the casing and the outer layer of salami meat during early stages of the curing process, coinciding with fungal colonization, but no penicillin was detected in the cured salami. The antibiotic produced in situ was sensitive to penicillinase.  (+info)

(7/3442) Identification of Epichloe endophytes in planta by a microsatellite-based PCR fingerprinting assay with automated analysis.

Epichloe endophytes are a group of filamentous fungi that include both sexual (Epichloe) and asexual (Neotyphodium) species. As a group they are genetically diverse and form both antagonistic and mutualistic associations with temperate grasses. We report here on the development of a microsatellite-based PCR system for fingerprinting this group of fungi with template isolated from either culture or infected plant material. M13mp19 partial genomic libraries were constructed for size-fractionated genomic DNA from two endophyte strains. These libraries were screened with a mixture of DIG-labeled dinucleotide and trinucleotide repeat probes. Positive clones were sequenced, and nine unique microsatellite loci were identified. An additional microsatellite was serendipitously identified in the 3' untranscribed region of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase gene from N. lolii Lp19. Primers were designed for each locus and a panel of endophytes, from different taxonomic groupings, was screened to determine the degree of polymorphism. On the basis of these results a multiplex assay was developed for strain identification with fluorescently labeled primers for five of these loci. Using this system the size of the products amplified can be precisely determined by automated analysis, and an allele profile for each strain can be readily generated. The assay was shown to resolve endophyte groupings to the level of known isozyme phenotype groupings. In a blind test the assay was used successfully to identify a set of endophytes in planta. A reference database of allele sizes has been established for the panel of endophytes examined, and this will be expanded as new strains are analyzed.  (+info)

(8/3442) A method for estimating nucleotide diversity from AFLP data.

A method for estimating the nucleotide diversity from AFLP data is developed by using the relationship between the number of nucleotide changes and the proportion of shared bands. The estimation equation is based on the assumption that GC-content is 0.5. Computer simulations, however, show that this method gives a reasonably accurate estimate even when GC-content deviates from 0.5, as long as the number of nucleotide changes per site (nucleotide diversity) is small. As an example, the nucleotide diversity of the wild yam, Dioscorea tokoro, was estimated. The estimated nucleotide diversity is 0.0055, which is larger than estimations from nucleotide sequence data for Adh and Pgi.  (+info)



University of Leices


  • Sir Alec Jeffreys at the University of Leicester developed DNA fingerprinting in the mid 1980s. (faqs.org)

Genetics


  • The advancement of genetics technologies means that large-scale screening of wood DNA can be done cheaply, routinely, quickly and with a statistical certainty that can be used in a court of law. (eponline.com)

suspects


  • In an era when plastic surgery can be used to alter a terrorist's appearance, DNA fingerprinting allows for positive identification not only of body remains, but also of suspects in custody. (faqs.org)
  • Remarkably, around 30% of DNA fingerprinting has exonerated suspects of a crime. (fingerprinting.com)
  • In the past, police could take a DNA sample only from suspects who were charged with a criminal offence, and it was destroyed if they were subsequently cleared or a prosecution dropped. (medindia.net)

1985


  • Jeffreys was first given the opportunity to demonstrate the power of DNA fingerprinting in March of 1985 when he proved a boy was the son of a British citizen and should be allowed to enter the country. (faqs.org)
  • DNA fingerprinting dates back to 1985 when it was first developed in England by Sir Alec Jeffreys, and it has been considered the greatest achievement in forensic science since the development of fingerprinting as a means of personal identification more than one hundred years ago. (fingerprinting.com)
  • Although DNA was introduced as evidence in a criminal proceeding in 1985 and it played a role in the outcome of a trial in 1988, DNA fingerprinting did not capture the fancy of the public until it was used as evidence by the prosecution in the infamous O.J. Simpson trial (see below) in 1995 in Los Angeles Supreme Court, presided over by Judge Ito. (fingerprinting.com)

Sequencing


  • Sequencing of one of the probes, termed YA1.8 after the length of the insert, revealed that although it contained no apparent repetitive sequence, it detected DNA fingerprints. (nii.ac.jp)
  • We were able to detect the DNA hybrids, that is, DNA fingerprints, with a commercially available, alkaline phosphatase-labeled secondary probe or a digoxigenin-labeled universal sequencing primer. (nii.ac.jp)

probes


  • As first step to a universal probe system, we isolated three DNA fingerprinting probes from a subgenomic library that had been constructed by insertion into the phagemid pUC118 of 1-2 kb fragments from the EcoRI digest of DNA from human myeloma cells (named YA). (nii.ac.jp)

probability


  • The prosecutor showed that the probability that Edwards' DNA would not match the crime evidence was one in ten billion. (faqs.org)

forensic


  • DNA fingerprinting is an important tool in the arsenal of forensic investigators and intelligence officers. (faqs.org)
  • DNA fingerprinting is used for identifying people, studying populations, and forensic investigations. (faqs.org)
  • Forensic DNA data banks. (weebly.com)
  • DNA fingerprinting is a technique which helps forensic scientists and legal experts solve crimes, identity thefts, legal suits and terrorism cases. (medindia.net)

deoxyribonucleic acid


  • The nucleus of every cell in the human body contains deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA, a biochemical molecule that is made up of nearly three-billion nucleotides. (faqs.org)
  • DNA is an acronym for deoxyribonucleic acid, the substance that gives the human chromosome its shape. (fingerprinting.com)

genes


  • In DNA comparisons between two people, which genes or sequences are chosen to compare? (biology-online.org)
  • So which restriction enzymes are used, which sections of dna are chosen for comparison , how are they selected out, and how are the genes that are not going to be compared thrown away? (biology-online.org)
  • Overall, the DNA fingerprint does not give any direct information as to the nature of the genes coded for by the DNA, and it gives no information about the chemical sequence of the DNA. (weebly.com)
  • Each DNA strand is composed of genes which determine a person's unique characteristics, such as body structure, or hair and eye color. (fingerprinting.com)

genetic


  • A DNA profile is not a complete map of the entire genetic code contained within the cells of an individual, which would be such an enormous amount of information that it would be impractical to use it in court. (wordpress.com)
  • DNA (or genetic) fingerprinting is way of comparing DNA samples to see if they come from same person or different people. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • Some people think all genetic fingerprints should be stored on national genetic database so DNA from crime scene can be checked against everyone's in the country to see whose it was making solving crimes easier. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • Advances in DNA 'fingerprinting' and other genetic techniques are making it harder for illegal loggers to get away with destroying protected rainforests. (eponline.com)
  • DNA Fingerprinting, also known as Genetic Fingerprinting has recently come into vogue as a means of establishing personal identification. (fingerprinting.com)
  • Over a million people's genetic fingerprints have been added to the British police DNA database in the last ten months. (medindia.net)

paternity test


  • How are DNA paternity test results determined? (reference.com)
  • Since DNA is inherited from parents, a paternity test is quite useful in legal cases where the identity of the father is in question. (fingerprinting.com)

slain


  • Pathankot: The Joint Investigation Team (JIT) set up by Pakistan to probe the Pathankot attack on Friday decided to seek from India the DNA reports and finger prints of the slain terrorists amid its keenness to expedite the probe, an official said. (siasat.com)

sequence


  • The sequence of nucleotides in DNA is similar to a fingerprint, in that it is unique to each person. (faqs.org)
  • DNA consists of four different nucleotides, adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C), which are strung together in a sequence that is unique to every individual. (faqs.org)
  • The sequence of A, T, G, and C in human DNA can be found in more combinations or variations than there are humans. (faqs.org)
  • The technology of DNA fingerprinting is based on the assumption that no two people have the same DNA sequence. (faqs.org)

forensics


  • In 1986, DNA was first used in forensics. (faqs.org)
  • In addition to forensics, DNA has been used to unite families. (faqs.org)

identical


fragments


  • Publications] Y.Tamaki: 'Isolation of VNTR markers by anchored PCR of DNA fragments purified with immobilized oilignucleotide (in Japanese). (nii.ac.jp)

humans


  • So, to find out whether dysfunction of DNMTs is associated with EPL in humans, Li-Jun Yin from the School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, China, and colleagues, conducted a study to evaluate the role of DNA methylation in early pregnancy loss. (medindia.net)

biochemical


  • The DNA from a small sample of human tissue can be extracted using biochemical techniques. (faqs.org)
  • DNA methylation is a biochemical process which involves the addition of a methyl group to cytosine of the DNA. (medindia.net)

widely


  • DNA fingerprinting has also been used widely in the resolution of paternity cases. (fingerprinting.com)

electrophoresis


  • PCR amplification of simulated crime scene and suspect DNA is followed by separation of the PCR reaction products by electrophoresis. (flinnsci.com)

restriction enzymes


  • Add the restriction enzymes to cut the DNA. (reference.com)
  • Then the DNA can be digested using a series of enzymes known as restriction enzymes, or restriction endonucleases. (faqs.org)

blueprint


individuals


  • DNA fingerprinting is the term applied to a range of techniques that are used to show similarities and dissimilarities between the DNA present in different individuals. (faqs.org)
  • Although the database is a crime-fighting tool, producing around 3,000 matches a month with samples taken from crime scenes, around a third of all the DNA stored is taken from individuals who were not charged with any offence, and have no criminal record. (medindia.net)

samples


  • If the DNA profiles obtained from the two samples are indistinguishable then they are said to "match" and this evidence can be used in court as indicating that the suspect was in fact the origin of the sample. (wordpress.com)
  • If the DNA profile is not so rare then it becomes more likely that both samples match simply by chance. (wordpress.com)
  • Comparing the DNA of the femur of the girl with samples from the presumptive parents, Jeffreys declared a match between the identified girl and her parents. (faqs.org)
  • DNA fingerprinting technology continues to advance, and it can be used in criminal court cases because of the ability of crime scene investigators to obtain samples of DNA from clothing and objects and thus identify the source via DNA testing procedures. (fingerprinting.com)
  • The analysts then match a number of DNA strands found at the scene of the crime to several DNA samples from the suspect in order to determine whether or not the DNA fingerprints belong to the suspect. (fingerprinting.com)

human


  • The non-human DNA is amplified using an easy-to-use PCR reaction pellet and premixed primer. (flinnsci.com)
  • The kit does not contain human DNA. (flinnsci.com)
  • What is the total length of human DNA? (reference.com)
  • DNA fingerprinting has been used repeatedly to identify human remains. (faqs.org)
  • The researchers concluded - 'Defects in DNA methylation maintenance were demonstrated in the villous of human EPL tissues. (medindia.net)

individual


  • Now what we have to do is examine the DNA of a particular individual and see how it compares with what is known about the population. (wordpress.com)
  • Regular fingerprinting methods conduct tests and make records of finger and thumb prints of an individual, while DNA fingerprinting tests the deoxyribonucl. (reference.com)
  • DNA fingerprinting for timber products has grown in international recognition due to research led by the University of Adelaide that traces individual logs or wood products back to the forests where they came from. (eponline.com)
  • We can use 'DNA barcoding' to identify species, 'DNA fingerprinting' to identify and track individual logs or wood products, and we can also verify the region the wood was sourced from. (eponline.com)

consists


  • If the DNA profile of the suspect or evidence consists of a combination of traits that is very rare in the population at large then the evidence can be very strong that the suspect was the contributor. (wordpress.com)

sample


  • You need to collect a DNA sample, which can come from a small amount of blood, skin or the root of a hair. (reference.com)
  • Place the DNA sample in a beaker. (reference.com)
  • Place one sample of DNA into each of the gel canals. (reference.com)
  • DNA from hair, skin flakes, blood, semen taken from crime scene compared with DNA sample taken from suspect. (getrevising.co.uk)

unique


  • These chromosomes (23 from each parent) are composed of tightly wound up DNA molecules which lend each chromosome its unique characteristic shape. (fingerprinting.com)

power


  • In 2004 police were given the power to take DNA swabs from anyone placed under arrest. (medindia.net)

cell


  • An allele is one of the possible codings of DNA of the same gene at a given position (or locus) on one of the chromosomes in a cell. (wordpress.com)
  • Mitochondrial DNA is DNA that is present inside the mitochondria of a cell. (reference.com)

complete


  • The final result is the complete DNA fingerprint. (reference.com)

means


  • The principles of primary treatment of blot-hybridization patterns obtained by means of multilocus DNA fingerprinting method are suggested. (nih.gov)
  • DNA fingerprinting is so named because of its use as a means of identification of a subject. (fingerprinting.com)

science


  • In a new paper published in the journal of the International Association of Wood Anatomists, Lowe and Cross say DNA science has made a number of key advances in the fight against illegal loggers. (eponline.com)

identification


  • In the criminal justice system, DNA fingerprinting has been used with a degree of regularity over the past dozen years or so in order to establish personal identification in criminal matters. (fingerprinting.com)

back


  • Australian companies have been the first in the world to purchase timber products that use DNA fingerprinting, as part of proof of legal origin starting back in 2007. (eponline.com)

years


  • Professor Jeffreys speaks about his work, past and present, and his predictions for the next 25 years of DNA fingerprinting. (le.ac.uk)
  • In the recent years epigenetics represents inheritable changes in gene expression that do not include DNA alterations. (medindia.net)

team


  • Disinterring the bones, Jeffreys and his team used DNA fingerprinting to conclude that the man actually was the missing Mengele. (faqs.org)
  • The team decided to seek information from India about DNA reports and finger prints of killed attackers, he said. (siasat.com)

helps


  • Creating your own DNA fingerprint helps you to learn about DNA. (reference.com)

development


  • DNMT1 inhibitor disturbed methylation resulting in a decreased global DNA methylation level and impaired embryonic development in the mice. (medindia.net)
  • During embryo implantation and development, DNA methylation undergoes dramatic reprogramming that is crucial for the development of the embryo as well as the development of endometrium or the inner lining of the uterus. (medindia.net)
  • Insufficient maintenance DNA methylation is associated with abnormal embryonic development. (medindia.net)

evidence


  • A good example is the use of DNA profiling evidence. (wordpress.com)
  • DNA fingerprinting can also link physical evidence from incidents that occur in different parts of the world. (faqs.org)
  • The first case to be tried in the United States using DNA fingerprinting evidence was of African-American Tommie Lee Edwards. (faqs.org)
  • Additionally, DNA fingerprinting has been used to prove wrongful convictions in which persons serving sentences, most notably in crimes of rape, have been freed after substantial imprisonment time, following the submission of DNA evidence in a court appeal. (fingerprinting.com)
  • At the trial which took place a year after the deaths, DNA fingerprinting evidence was presented for the first time in a major case. (fingerprinting.com)
  • It was apparent that the prosecutorial attorneys made some errors in their presentation of the DNA evidence. (fingerprinting.com)

technique


  • In the PCR-Based DNA Fingerprinting Kit for biotechnology, use PCR, which is an amazing technique used to "amplify" a mere trace of DNA into enough material to fully analyze. (flinnsci.com)
  • PCR-polymerase chain reaction- is an amazing technique used to "amplify" a mere trace of DNA into enough material to fully analyze. (flinnsci.com)

identify


  • Nevertheless, the advances in the use of DNA to identify wood are exciting," he says. (eponline.com)

analysis


  • DNA analysis showed that the same person committed both murders, and the caterer had falsely confessed. (faqs.org)
  • Multiloci DNA fingerprinting in population studies: primary analysis of blot-hybridization results]. (nih.gov)

last


families


  • Using DNA fingerprinting, they found the families of over 200 children. (faqs.org)

physical


  • The DNA is also inherited from the parents, and that is why the offspring so very often have a close physical resemblance to the parents. (fingerprinting.com)

found


  • Mitochondrial DNA is not part of the DNA found in cellular chromosomes. (reference.com)
  • Blood found of the door of Simpson's Ford Bronco matched the blood found at the crime scene as established by DNA testing. (fingerprinting.com)

world


  • DNA fingerprinting experts from all over the world pieced together the puzzle that ended in a proper burial to the Romanov royal family in Saint Petersburg in 1998. (faqs.org)

records


  • The DNA records, which are taken regardless of whether a youngster has committed a crime or not, are held on file until the day they die. (medindia.net)

case


  • The Anna Nicole Smith case (see below) is one of the more famous court cases with the judgment of the court based on DNA fingerprinting. (fingerprinting.com)

process


  • What is the process of creating MRNA from the code in DNA? (reference.com)
  • Although chromosomal abnormality in the embryo, endocrine diseases in the mother, immunologic factors or even environmental influences may cause EPL, scientists are not sure of the molecular mechanism except for the fact that DNA methylation is involved in the process. (medindia.net)