Criminals: Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.Criminal Law: A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.Criminal Psychology: The branch of psychology which investigates the psychology of crime with particular reference to the personality factors of the criminal.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Forensic Psychiatry: Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.Insanity Defense: A legal concept that an accused is not criminally responsible if, at the time of committing the act, the person was laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act done or if the act was known, to not have known that what was done was wrong. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed)PrisonersPrisons: Penal institutions, or places of confinement for war prisoners.Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Juvenile Delinquency: The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.Jurisprudence: The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.Abortion, Criminal: Illegal termination of pregnancy.Antisocial Personality Disorder: A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Criminology: The study of crime and criminals with special reference to the personality factors and social conditions leading toward, or away from crime.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Firearms: Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Judicial Role: The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Forensic Medicine: The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Mandatory Programs: Programs in which participation is required.Drug and Narcotic Control: Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.Commitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.Forensic Sciences: Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.Firesetting Behavior: A compulsion to set fires.Crime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Infanticide: The killing of infants at birth or soon after.Transfer Agreement: A written agreement for the transfer of patients and their medical records from one health care institution to another.Portraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)Methadone: A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Opiate Substitution Treatment: Medical treatment for opioid dependence using a substitute opiate such as METHADONE or BUPRENORPHINE.Somnambulism: A parasomnia characterized by a partial arousal that occurs during stage IV of non-REM sleep. Affected individuals exhibit semipurposeful behaviors such as ambulation and are difficult to fully awaken. Children are primarily affected, with a peak age range of 4-6 years.Substance Abuse Treatment Centers: Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.Dangerous Behavior: Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.War Crimes: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.Social Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.Community Psychiatry: Branch of psychiatry concerned with the provision and delivery of a coordinated program of mental health care to a specified population. The foci included in this concept are: all social, psychological and physical factors related to etiology, prevention, and maintaining positive mental health in the community.Counterfeit Drugs: Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.Explosive Agents: Substances that are energetically unstable and can produce a sudden expansion of the material, called an explosion, which is accompanied by heat, pressure and noise. Other things which have been described as explosive that are not included here are explosive action of laser heating, human performance, sudden epidemiological outbreaks, or fast cell growth.Bombs: A weapon designed to explode when deployed. It frequently refers to a hollow case filled with EXPLOSIVE AGENTS.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)United StatesEugenics: The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Opioid-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.Buprenorphine: A derivative of the opioid alkaloid THEBAINE that is a more potent and longer lasting analgesic than MORPHINE. It appears to act as a partial agonist at mu and kappa opioid receptors and as an antagonist at delta receptors. The lack of delta-agonist activity has been suggested to account for the observation that buprenorphine tolerance may not develop with chronic use.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Wounds, Gunshot: Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.Capital Punishment: The use of the death penalty for certain crimes.Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Personal Construct Theory: A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)Biological Psychiatry: An interdisciplinary science concerned with studies of the biological bases of behavior - biochemical, genetic, physiological, and neurological - and applying these to the understanding and treatment of mental illness.Coercion: The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.Neuropsychology: A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Punishment: The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.Sex Offenses: Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.Heroin Dependence: Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon heroin.Forensic Pathology: The application of pathology to questions of law.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Abortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)Student Dropouts: Individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.Substance Abuse Detection: Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.Intergenerational Relations: The interactions between individuals of different generations. These interactions include communication, caring, accountability, loyalty, and even conflict between related or non-related individuals.Echolalia: Involuntary ("parrot-like"), meaningless repetition of a recently heard word, phrase, or song. This condition may be associated with transcortical APHASIA; SCHIZOPHRENIA; or other disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485)Malpractice: Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Biometric Identification: A method of differentiating individuals based on the analysis of qualitative or quantitative biological traits or patterns. This process which has applications in forensics and identity theft prevention includes DNA profiles or DNA fingerprints, hand fingerprints, automated facial recognition, iris scan, hand geometry, retinal scan, vascular patterns, automated voice pattern recognition, and ultrasound of fingers.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Halfway Houses: Specialized residences for persons who do not require full hospitalization, and are not well enough to function completely within the community without professional supervision, protection and support.Forensic Genetics: The application of genetic analyses and MOLECULAR DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES to legal matters and crime analysis.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Institute of Medicine (U.S.): Identifies, for study and analysis, important issues and problems that relate to health and medicine. The Institute initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice.Mental Competency: The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).Empathy: An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)Rape: Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Security Measures: Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.Residential Treatment: A specialized residential treatment program for behavior disorders including substance abuse. It may include therapeutically planned group living and learning situations including teaching of adaptive skills to help patient functioning in the community. (From Kahn, A. P. and Fawcett, J. Encyclopedia of Mental Health, 1993, p320.)Deinstitutionalization: The practice of caring for individuals in the community, rather than in an institutional environment with resultant effects on the individual, the individual's family, the community, and the health care system.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.

*  Tanknology - NDE, International, Inc. Criminal Plea | Enforcement | US EPA

Criminal Plea. This is the plea agreement and stipulation.. You may need Adobe Reader to view files on this page. See EPA's ...
https://epa.gov/enforcement/tanknology-nde-international-inc-criminal-plea-0

*  Evaluation of the Focused Offender Disposition Program in Birmingham, Phoenix, and Chicago, 1988-1992

Subject Terms: criminal justice system, drug offenders, drug testing, drug treatment, needs assessment, probationers, program ... program was designed to examine two questions regarding drug users in the criminal justice system. One was the utility of need ... program was designed to examine two issues regarding drug users in the criminal justice system: (1) the utility of need ... program was designed to examine two issues regarding drug users in the criminal justice system: (1) the utility of need ...
icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/NACJD/studies/6214?geography=Birmingham&permit[0]=AVAILABLE&groupResults=false

*  Discussion-Conduct Disorder

... diagnoses and criminal behavior has long been examined and debated. ... This disorder has long been classified as an early stage in the trajectory of ongoing criminal or antisocial behavior. However ... The relationship between various Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) diagnoses and criminal behavior ...
essayslibrary.com/paper-detail/?paper_id=522823

*  Responsibility and psychopathy - Luca Malatesti; John McMillan - Oxford University Press

... traditionally excused disordered individuals for their crimes citing these emotional impairments as a cause for their criminal ... Psychopaths have emotional impairments that can be expressed in persistent criminal behavior. UK and US law has ... 2. Psychopathy and criminal responsibility in historical perspective, Tony Ward. 3. Stabbing in the dark: English law relating ... Psychopaths have emotional impairments that can be expressed in persistent criminal behavior. UK and US law has traditionally ...
https://global.oup.com/academic/product/responsibility-and-psychopathy-9780199551637?cc=us&lang=en&%0D%0AprevNumResPerPage=20

*  Chemical Castration Offered to Oz Sex Offenders

Czech to Open First Detention Centre for Sexual Deviants, Criminals. The Czech Republic's first detention centre for sexual ... deviants and criminals with psychological problems will open in early 2009, Prime Minister Mirek Tapolanek announced Tuesday. ...
medindia.net/news/Chemical-Castration-Offered-to-Oz-Sex-Offenders-38438-1.htm

*  Crackers are common criminals • The Register

Crackers are common criminals. Microsoft not to blame for all the trouble in the world. By Andrew Thomas 4 Jul 2000 at 16:47 ... Faulty locks are not the issue here - criminals are.. So why is it always Microsoft that gets blamed for making it too easy for ... A hack attack on a Word or Outlook user is surely criminal trespass on their (electronic) property in exactly the same way it ... It should have been obvious that he had no criminal intent and naturally hadn't done anything with the downloaded details. If ...
https://theregister.co.uk/2000/07/04/crackers_are_common_criminals/

*  'Law & Order: Criminal Intent' Unchained (TV Episode 2005) - Crazy Credits -...

Law & Order: Criminal Intent' Unchained (TV Episode 2005) Crazy credits on IMDb: Additional scenes, Messages hidden in credits ...
imdb.com/title/tt0629596/crazycredits?ref_=ttqu_ql_3

*  Alma Muerta Lyrics - Criminal

Lyrics to Alma Muerta by Criminal: Fuego en los ojos / El rostro deforme / No existe el dolor / Muerdo fuerte / No hablo por ...
lyricsfreak.com/c/criminal/alma muerta_20239524.html

*  Parents as criminals - SFGate

Perhaps criminal indictments, too. But there are many things we don't know about this strange case, and the degree of parental ... Not every bad parent is a criminal. Is it justice to place legal blame on parents whose children lie to them? What about ... Even if the Harrises and Klebolds are found to be subpar or wretched parents, that's not enough to make them criminals. For any ... COLORADO'S governor, Bill Owens, says criminal charges might be filed against the parents of the teenage killers in Littleton. ...
sfgate.com/news/article/Parents-as-criminals-3085910.php

*  Cyber criminals target travelers - CNN

An FBI warning about hackers targeting guests' data when they use hotel Wi-Fi highlights the risks to data security on the road.
cnn.com/2012/06/12/business/cyber-hackers-data-security-travel/index.html?iid=article_sidebar

*  Single Rooms for Criminals - latimes

The state and the ACLU insist that we, the taxpayers, provide single rooms for convicted criminals, thus removing resources ...
articles.latimes.com/1987-12-06/local/me-26986_1_orange-county-jail-costa-mesa-aclu

*  The real war criminals

... Editorial, The Workers World, 23 April 1998. When are war criminals not criminals? The top officers of ... Subject: The real war criminals. Article: 32935. To: undisclosed-recipients:;. Message-ID: ,bulk.24394.19980422181608@chumbly. ...
hartford-hwp.com/archives/27a/111.html

*  Identification of criminals Bills - GovTrack.us

Identification of criminals-related bills in the U.S. Congress. ... Identification of criminals. Use this page to browse bills in ... the U.S. Congress related to the subject Identification of criminals, as determined by the Library of Congress. ...
https://govtrack.us/congress/bills/subjects/identification_of_criminals/1380?congress=106

*  Surveillance boom helps catch criminals [Video]

A surveillance boom is under way. Cameras are popping up at homes and businesses.
https://finance.yahoo.com/video/surveillance-boom-helps-catch-criminals-131713485.html

*  A nation of criminals

That process makes us into a nation of criminals.. The government has a monopoly on coercive force, after all, and people ... A nation of criminals. Posted at 6:48 pm on January 27, 2014 by John Hayward ... But plenty of other shadowy criminals will be found lurking in the dark recesses of corporate boardrooms and gated communities. ...
https://redstate.com/jhayward13/2014/01/27/a-nation-of-criminals/

*  Petition Increase custodial sentences for criminals

This is petition for Increase custodial sentences for criminals. Join the movement! Sign now! ...
https://ipetitions.com/petition/proper_punishment_for_crimes

*  Petition Criminals to serve full sentences.

This petition is for those of us that feel that not only are the punishments given to most criminals not enough, but that those ... This petition is for those of us that feel that not only are the punishments given to most criminals not enough, but that those ... and that the criminal get's off lightly in comparrison to what the victim's and they're family's have to go through. So here is ... and the least we can do is try to get the point across to the government that criminal's should serve the full time that they ...
https://ipetitions.com/petition/criminalsservefulltime/

*  Criminal Pursuits - latimes

May 5 was Kinsey Milhone's birthday and each year on that date, Santa Barbara's Sue Grafton gives a growing number of readers the present of a new Milhone alphabetical adventure. 'H' Is for Homicide
articles.latimes.com/1991-05-12/books/bk-2459_1_brandstetter-mystery

*  The Crafty Criminal: Solution

Each answer consists of a two-word phrase with a six-letter first word and a shorter second word. Each letter from the second words is taken from the letters that spell either "BLACK" or "WHITE." That, coupled with the six-letter first words (and the word "mastermind" in the story text), suggests a game of Mastermind to determine a six-letter answer, with the second word in each puzzle answer representing the responses to the guess. (A black peg represents a correct letter in the answer appearing in the correct position; a white peg represents a correct letter in the wrong position.) ...
web.mit.edu/puzzle/www/2017/solution/criminal.html

*  Criminal

The Criminal Procedure Rules 1996 are the criminal court rules that apply. The forms used in criminal procedure are included in ... Criminal. There are four criminal courts in Scotland, the High Court, Sheriff Court, the Sheriff Appeal Court and the Justice ... The Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 is the main piece of legislation that covers criminal procedure in Scotland, ... Access the criminal procedure forms.. I am a victim of crime, where can I get more information?. Information for victims can be ...
scotcourts.gov.uk/taking-action/criminal

*  Psychopathic Criminals Have "Empathy Switch" - Slashdot

Placed in a brain scanner, psychopathic criminals watched videos of one person hurting another and were asked to empathise with ... Submission + - Psychopathic Criminals Have "Empathy Switch" (bbc.co.uk) Submitted by dryriver on Thursday July 25, 2013 @10: ... Placed in a brain scanner, psychopathic criminals watched videos of one person hurting another and were asked to empathise with ... Evidence suggests they are also more likely to reoffend upon release than criminals without the psychiatric condition.. ...
https://science.slashdot.org/submission/2828891/psychopathic-criminals-have-empathy-switch

*  Criminal Investigation | Fox News

I think it is odd that it is now a criminal investigation, yet publicly the police say they do not have evidence of a crime. I ... Sustern [sic] should have the same sensitivity to law abiding citizens as myself as she does to criminals that she defends on ... says he's got a boost of confidence knowing that the investigation has now been classified as criminal. Authorities said ...
foxnews.com/story/2006/03/27/criminal-investigation.html

*  MSP - Criminal History Records

The Internet Criminal History Access Tool (ICHAT) allows the search of public criminal history record information maintained by ... Criminal history background checks are performed either through a search by name or a search using fingerprints. Fingerprints ... A criminal history record includes personal descriptors regarding the person and information on misdemeanor convictions and ... Also not included are federal records, tribal records, traffic records, juvenile records, local misdemeanors, and criminal ...
https://michigan.gov/msp/0,4643,7-123-1878_8311---,00.html

*  Criminal stories at Techdirt.

Not only will it be criminal to record criminal activity, it will also be criminal to create a graphic novel depicting criminal ... The new proposals have a clear intention: to amend the Criminal Code to allow criminal prosecutions of Websites that provide ... It means BREIN has failed in its attempt to extend the use of criminal courts to cases that do not involve a criminal ... Yes, when it comes to criminal activity, intent can be important in determining if it's actually criminal, but there's little ...
https://techdirt.com/blog/?tag=criminal&start=10

FBI Criminal Investigative Division: The Criminal Investigative Division (CID) is a division within the Criminal, Cyber, Response, and Services Branch of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The CID is the primary component within the FBI responsible for overseeing FBI investigations of traditional crimes such as narcotics trafficking and violent crime.Criminal justice system of the Netherlands: The criminal justice system of the Netherlands is the system of practices and institutions of the Netherlands directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, and sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. The Netherlands criminal code is based on the Napoleonic Code, imposed during the time of the French Empire.George Scott IIIFelony murder rule (Florida): In the state of Florida, the common law felony murder rule has been codified in Florida Revised Statutes § 782.04.Graham Young: Graham Fredrick Young (7 September 1947 – 1 August 1990) was an English serial killer who used poison to kill his victims. He was sent to Broadmoor Hospital in 1962 after poisoning several members of his family, killing his stepmother.InsanityStateville Penitentiary Malaria Study: The Stateville Penitentiary malaria study was a controlled study of the effects of malaria on the prisoners of Stateville Penitentiary near Joliet, Illinois in the 1940s. The study was conducted by the Department of Medicine at the University of Chicago in conjunction with the United States Army and the State Department.List of California state prisonsInternational Law Enforcement Academy: International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEAs) are international police academies administered by the U.S.Texas Juvenile Justice Department: The Texas Juvenile Justice Department (TJJD) is a state agency in Texas, headquartered in the Braker H Complex in Austin.Islamic sexual hygienical jurisprudence: Islamic sexual hygienical jurisprudence is a prominent topic in Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) due to its everyday nature.Unsafe abortionHistory of psychopathy: Psychopathy, from psych (soul or mind) and pathy (suffering or disease), was coined by German psychiatrists in the 19th century and originally just meant what would today be called mental disorder, the study of which is still known as psychopathology. By the turn of the century 'psychopathic inferiority' referred to the type of mental disorder that might now be termed personality disorder, along with a wide variety of other conditions now otherwise classified.List of law enforcement agencies in MontanaExpert elicitation: In science, engineering, and research, expert elicitation is the synthesis of opinions of authorities of a subject where there is uncertainty due to insufficient data or when such data is unattainable because of physical constraints or lack of resources. Expert elicitation is essentially a scientific consensus methodology.Anti-abortion violence: Anti-abortion violence is violence committed against individuals and organizations that provide abortion. Incidents of violence have included destruction of property, in the form of vandalism; crimes against people, including kidnapping, stalking, assault, attempted murder, and murder; and crimes affecting both people and property, including arson and bombings.Physics of firearms: From the viewpoint of physics (dynamics, to be exact), a firearm, as for most weapons, is a system for delivering maximum destructive energy to the target with minimum delivery of energy on the shooter. The momentum delivered to the target however cannot be any more than that (due to recoil) on the shooter.Substance-related disorderArchie MorrisHong Kong Auxiliary Police Force: The Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force (HKAPF, ) is established in 1914 as the Police Reserve unit, provides additional manpower to the Hong Kong Police Force, especially during emergencies and other incidents.Fredric Rieders: Fredric Rieders (July 9, 1922 – November 26, 2005) was an internationally renowned forensic toxicologist. He was born in Vienna, Austria.Homicide: Homicide occurs when one human being causes the death of another human being. Homicides can be divided into many overlapping types, including murder, manslaughter, justifiable homicide, killing in war, euthanasia, and execution, depending on the circumstances of the death.Inverse benefit law: The inverse benefit law states that the more a new drug is marketed, the worse it is for patients. More precisely, the ratio of benefits to harms among patients taking new drugs tends to vary inversely with how extensively a drug is marketed.List of Drug Enforcement Administration operations: The following is a list of major operations undertaken by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration, in reverse chronological order.Involuntary commitment: Involuntary commitment or civil commitment is a legal process through which an individual with symptoms of severe mental illness is court-ordered into treatment in a psychiatric hospital (inpatient) or in the community (outpatient).Outline of forensic science: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to forensic science:Conscientious Arsonists: Conscientious Arsonists (CA), also known as Arsonists of Conscience (), is a defunct anarchistMIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base Greek terrorist organization that firebombed 62 cars and bombed offices between June 1997 and June 1998. Nikos Maziotis led the organization until he disbanded it in June 1998.Stepfamily: The Stepfather}}Hellenistic portraitureMethadone clinic: A methadone clinic is a clinic which has been established for the dispensing of methadone (Dolophine), a schedule II opioid analgesic, to those who abuse heroin and other opioids. The focus of these clinics is the elimination or reduction of opioid usage by putting the patient on methadone.Sleepwalking: Who.intShanghai Drug Abuse Treatment Centre: The Shanghai Drug Abuse Treatment Centre, or SDATC (), is a governmental organization providing drug abuse treatment and rehabilitation services in Shanghai, China. SDATC is the only government-supported centre in Shanghai and was established in 1997 on the approval of Shanghai Narcotic Control Commission and Shanghai Public Health Bureau.The Thrill Killers: The Thrill Killers is a horror/thriller film released in 1964 and directed by low-budget film-maker Ray Dennis Steckler. It stars Cash Flagg (Steckler under a nom de plume) and Liz Renay.Pious fraud: Pious fraud (Latin: pia fraus) is used to describe fraud in religion or medicine. A pious fraud can be counterfeiting a miracle or falsely attributing a sacred text to a biblical figure due to the belief that the "end justifies the means", in this case the end of increasing faith by whatever means available.Ramush HaradinajTalking CCTV: Talking CCTV is a CCTV surveillance camera that is equipped with a speaker to allow an operator to speak to the people at the CCTV-monitored site.Counterfeit watch: A counterfeit watch is an illegal copy of an authentic watch. According to estimates by the Swiss Customs Service, there are some 30 to 40 million counterfeit watches put into circulation each year.Explosive material: An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure. An explosive charge is a measured quantity of explosive material.List of bombs: For a rather exhaustive international list of individual nuclear weapons and models see List of nuclear weaponsCivil Rights Restoration Act of 1987: The Civil Rights Restoration Act was a U.S.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Eugenics in the United States: Eugenics, the set of beliefs and practices which aims at improving the genetic quality of the human population played a significant role in the history and culture of the United States prior to its involvement in World War II.United States tort law: This article addresses torts in United States law. As such, it covers primarily common law.Agonist–antagonistMental disorderBallistic traumaCapital punishment in Taiwan: Capital punishment is a legal form of punishment in the Republic of China, a country with effective jurisdiction over the island of Taiwan and the Pescadores, as well as Kinmen, Wuchiu, the Matsu Islands, the Pratas Islands and Itu Aba, and--before 1949--over the Chinese mainland.Human rights abuses in the Vietnamese cashew industry: Vietnam is known as the world's largest cashew nut exporter with 37 per cent sharehttp://business.timesonline.Peter Riederer: Peter Riederer (born 1942) is a German neuroscientist with several thousands of citations and around 950 scientific writings. He has published more than 620 scientific papers in peer-reviewed scientific journals that are indexed in the most referent biomedical scientific database Medline.Reproductive coercion: Reproductive coercion (also called coerced reproduction) are threats or acts of violence against a partner's reproductive health or reproductive decision-making and is a collection of behaviors intended to pressure or coerce a partner into becoming a parent or ending a pregnancy. Reproductive coercion is a form of domestic violence, also known as intimate partner violence, where behavior concerning reproductive health is used to maintain power, control, and domination within a relationship and over a partner through an unwanted pregnancy.Neuropsychology: Neuropsychology studies the structure and function of the brain as they relate to specific psychological processes and behaviors. It is an experimental field of psychology that aims to understand how behavior and cognition are influenced by brain functioning and is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of behavioral and cognitive effects of neurological disorders.Hoya Corporation: TOPIX 100 ComponentPunishmentComfort Food (novel): Comfort Food: A Novel by Noah Ashenhurst contains a cast of characters: a romantic academic, a self-assured young writer, an enigmatic musician, a slacker, a wealthy mountaineer, and a former heroin addict—characters whose lives intersect in the unique, award-winning debut novel.DSI: Disease Scene Investigation: DSI: Disease Scene Investigation is a children's Web series produced by the provincial government of British Columbia, Canada, for its "Immunize BC" website. An obvious pun on CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, it stars Yvette Lu as a high tech nurse, guiding two high school students through their investigations into infectious diseases threatening their high school.Morality and religion: Morality and religion is the relationship between religious views and morals. Many religions have value frameworks regarding personal behavior meant to guide adherents in determining between right and wrong.Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977: Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977 is an Act of Parliament in New Zealand. It was passed shortly after the report from the Royal Commission on Contraception, Sterilisation and Abortion.General Educational Development: Ged}}Drug test: A drug test is a technical analysis of a biological specimen, for example urine, hair, blood, breath, sweat, or oral fluid/saliva—to determine the presence or absence of specified parent drugs or their metabolites. Major applications of drug testing include detection of the presence of performance enhancing steroids in sport, employers screening for drugs prohibited by law (such as cannabis, cocaine and heroin) and police officers testing for the presence and concentration of alcohol (ethanol) in the blood commonly referred to as BAC (blood alcohol content).EcholaliaNon-economic damages capsPassword fatigue: Password fatigue is the feeling experienced by many people who are required to remember an excessive number of passwords as part of their daily routine, such as to logon to a computer at work, undo a bicycle lock or conduct banking from an automated teller machine (ATM). The concept is also known as password chaos or more broadly as identity chaos.Sober Living by the SeaBernd BrinkmannDog aggression: Dog aggression is a term used by dog owners and breeders to describe canine-to-canine antipathy. Aggression itself is usually defined by canine behaviorists as "the intent to do harm".DSM-IV Codes (alphabetical): __FORCETOC__Simulation theory of empathy: Simulation theory of empathy is a theory that holds that humans anticipate and make sense of the behavior of others by activating mental processes that, if carried into action, would produce similar behavior. This includes intentional behavior as well as the expression of emotions.Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner: A Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) is a qualification for forensic nurses who have received special training to conduct sexual assault evidentiary exams for rape victims. Not all, but many SANE programs are coordinated by rape crisis centers rather than hospitals.British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal: The British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal is a quasi-judicial human rights body in British Columbia, Canada. It was established under the British Columbia Human Rights Code.Research Society on Alcoholism: The Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) is a learned society of over 1600 active members based in Austin, Texas. Its objective is to advance research on alcoholism and the physiological and cognitive effects of alcohol.Global Health Security Initiative: The Global Health Security Initiative (GHSI) is an international partnership between countries in order to supplement and strengthen their preparedness to respond to threats of biological, chemical, radio-nuclear terrorism (CBRN) and pandemic influenza.The Ted Noffs Foundation Inc: The Ted Noffs Foundation is a nonprofit organization located in Randwick, New South Wales, Australia. Since its foundation in 1992, the foundation has grown from one residential treatment centre for adolescents to a broad range of initiatives, from four residential treatment centres for adolescents with drug and alcohol problems (PALM: Programme for Adolescent Life Management), to adolescent life management aftercare, family and adolescent counselling on an 'outclient' basis, schools counselling, indigenous counselling, an outreach/educational project called 'Street University' and a number of Social Enterprise endeavors such as fashion-oriented op-shops and 'Gideon's Shoes,' dealing in design, manufacture and retailing.UNICEF Tap Project: The UNICEF Tap Project is a nationwide campaign that provides children in impoverished nations with access to safe, clean water. The campaign culminates during World Water Week, celebrating the United Nations’ World Water Day, March 22.National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) is one of several centres of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tasked with developing guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific conditions within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. It was established in 2001.Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1993: The Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1993 (c 50) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

(1/174) A large specific deterrent effect of arrest for patronizing a prostitute.

BACKGROUND: Prior research suggests that arrest, compared with no police detection, of some types of offenders does not decrease the chances they will reoffend. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We assessed the specific deterrent effect of arrest for patronizing a street prostitute in Colorado Springs by comparing the incidence of arrest for clients of prostitutes first detected through public health surveillance with the incidence of rearrest for clients first detected by police arrest. Although these sets of clients were demographically and behaviorally similar, arrest reduced the likelihood of a subsequent arrest by approximately 70%. In other areas of the United States, arrest did not appear to displace a client's patronizing. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest that apprehending clients decreases their patronizing behavior substantially.  (+info)

(2/174) The adoption of wraparound services among substance abuse treatment organizations serving criminal offenders: The role of a women-specific program.

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(3/174) Hurricane Katrina's impact on the mental health of adolescent female offenders.

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(4/174) Doing time: a qualitative study of long-term incarceration and the impact of mental illness.

 (+info)

(5/174) Psychopathy and instrumental violence: facet level relationships.

 (+info)

(6/174) Employment services utilization and outcomes among substance abusing offenders participating in California's proposition 36 drug treatment initiative.

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(7/174) Attention moderates the fearlessness of psychopathic offenders.

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(8/174) Male methamphetamine-user inmates in prison treatment: during-treatment outcomes.

 (+info)



behavior


  • As legal systems were elaborated, the age of offenders continued to be important in defining responsibility for criminal behavior. (encyclopedia.com)

defense


  • A defense asserted by an accused in a criminal prosecution to avoid liability for the commission of a crime because, at the time of the crime, the person did not appreciate the nature or quality or wrongfulness of the acts. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The insanity defense is used by criminal defendants. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The vast majority of states allow criminal defendants to invoke the cognitive insanity defense. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The insanity defense reflects the generally accepted notion that persons who cannot appreciate the consequences of their actions should not be punished for criminal acts. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Generally, the defense is available to a criminal defendant if the judge instructs the jury that it may consider whether the defendant was insane when the crime was committed. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Complete madness' was first established as a defense to criminal charges by the common-law courts in late-thirteenth-century England. (thefreedictionary.com)

criminology


  • Epidemiological Criminology offers an introduction to the sources and methods of epidemiological criminology and shows how to apply these methods to some of the most vexing problems now confronting researchers and practitioners in public health epidemiology, criminology, and criminal justice. (wiley.com)
  • The book describes, explains, and applies the newly formulated practice of epidemiological criminology, an emerging discipline that finds the intersection across theories, methods, and statistical models of public health with their corresponding tools of criminal justice and criminology. (wiley.com)
  • Its members and affiliates (mainly from LSE Law but also other LSE Departments and institutions) conduct research on various aspects of criminal law and criminal justice from a variety of methodological standpoints (moral, political and social theory, criminology, anthropology etc. (lse.ac.uk)

insanity


  • While evaluations for insanity in the criminal area of law is a part of forensic psychiatry, there are many other ways in which these two spheres interact. (arizona.edu)

juvenile


  • This legislation created a new kind of machinery, outside the criminal law, for handling juvenile offenders. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The defining features of the juvenile court are its informality, as compared to the rigorously formal procedures of the criminal court with its rules of evidence and adversary system, and its primary concern with the welfare of the child rather than with guilt or innocence. (encyclopedia.com)

courts


  • between age seven and the time of puberty (approximately), criminal responsibility was a matter for determination by the courts. (encyclopedia.com)

justice system


  • When studied together, these intertwined disciplines provide key insights into a range of crime-related matters and give you the opportunity to explore the fascinating and vital questions that surround the cause and effect of criminal actions, the form and outcome of social disorders, the criminal justice system, policing, and the highly-debated relationship between behaviours and punishments. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • The aim of the Forum is to provide a platform for interdisciplinary dialogue on the criminal law and the criminal justice system. (lse.ac.uk)

crime


  • Criminologists work toward reducing crime and improving criminal justice policies. (merrimack.edu)

civil


  • Expert testimony is most often used to clarify scientific or technical details that are related to civil and criminal cases. (justipedia.com)
  • Criminal and civil evaluations will be done with faculty on a wide variety of forensic questions. (arizona.edu)

studies


  • We have had the pleasure to host some of the most established scholars worldwide in criminal law and criminal justice studies but also younger scholars producing exciting new work. (lse.ac.uk)