Criminal Psychology: The branch of psychology which investigates the psychology of crime with particular reference to the personality factors of the criminal.Criminals: Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.Criminal Law: A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.Psychology, Clinical: The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Psychology: The science dealing with the study of mental processes and behavior in man and animals.Psychology, Social: The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.Forensic Psychiatry: Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.Insanity Defense: A legal concept that an accused is not criminally responsible if, at the time of committing the act, the person was laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act done or if the act was known, to not have known that what was done was wrong. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed)

*  Criminal Psychology courses Scotland | Emagister

Criminal Psychology in Scotland, Find the right Criminal Psychology in Scotland course in the right location on Emagister's fast and effective search engine. Extensive range of course types available, from short courses to postgraduate. Criminal Psychology.

*  Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology - Springer

The Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology presents peer-reviewed reports and research findings covering the theory, practice and application of psychological principles in criminal justice, particularly law enforcement, courts, and corrections. The Journal publishes papers on police psychology including personnel assessment, therapeutic methods, training, ethics and effective organizational operation. The Journal also offers articles focused on criminal behavior, the application of psychology to effective correctional practices, and in facilitating recovery of crime victims. The contributors, and the readership, includes psychologists, criminologists, sociologists, legal experts, social workers, and other professionals comprising the many facets of the criminal justice system, both domestic and international.. This is the official journal of the Society for Police and ...

*  Criminal Psychology Doctorate Campus Degrees & Graduate Programs

Review Campus Criminal Psychology Graduate Doctorate on GradSchools.com the #1 site for Degrees in Criminal Psychology from accredited colleges & universities

*  Criminal Psychology - Page 10 | Become a Psychologist in UK

Are you passionate about studying how the human mind works? Have you always dreamed of pursuing a career in the field of criminal justice? If you want to combine both of your passions to pursue a single career, you may want to consider earning a Master's degree in Criminal Psychology. If you have ever seen news about a horrific crime that was committed in the heat of passion, you might ask yourself why people do the things they do. This is a common… ...

*  Degrees in Criminal Psychology | Become a Psychologist in UK

Find out about the types of jobs you could pursue in criminal psychology and related programs in criminal justice and forensic psychology. Read on to learn more about career options along with certification...

*  Citation Machine: Journal Of Police And Criminal Psychology format citation generator for book

Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your book in Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology format for free.

*  Citation Machine: Journal Of Police And Criminal Psychology format citation generator for conference proceedings

Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your conference proceedings in Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology format for free.

*  Vocational qualifications Criminal Psychology distance ADL - Academy for Distance Learning | Emagister

Psychology. Health Care. Health. Criminal Psychology. This Course is Taught By: Iona Lister Her Background: Licentiate, Speech and Language Therapy, UK, Diploma in Advanced Counselling Skills. She has been a clinician and manager of health services for fifteen years, and a trainer for UK-based medical charities, focusing on psychosocial issues, mental

*  MA or MS Criminal Psychology Masters Degrees & Grad Schools

Review MA or MS Criminal Psychology Masters Degrees & Schools on GradSchools.com the #1 site for accredited colleges & universities

*  Criminal Psychology - Page 7 | Become a Psychologist in UK

As it turns out, humans possess the ability to tell who s a criminal and who s not simply by looking at them because criminals look different from noncriminals. In this blog, I have repeatedly emphasized the fact that virtually all stereotypes are empirically true. If they weren t true, they would not be stereotypes in the first place. To my knowledge, all of the very, very few stereotypes that are not empirically true, for some reason, have to… ...

*  Criminal Psychology - Yarmey 2004 - Revision Notes in A Level and IB Psychology

YARMEY 2004. The aim of the study was to study the reliability of eyewitness testimony in a task that involves the recall of an eyewitness and the photo identification of a target in a line-up. The study was completed in the field because Yarmey wanted valid results, as many other experiments had been conducted in laboratory environments.. There were 590 participants selected by opportunity sampling, the participant was approached by a female target who asked the participant to help with either directions or finding a lost piece of jewellery. Either two minutes or four hours later, the participant was approached by a researcher and asked to participate in the study and took at 12 part questionnaire which assessed their ability to recall the target's physical and clothing characteristics. The participant was then give a photo line-up with 6 photos and told the target may or may not be in the photos, and were asked to identify the woman.. The conditions were as follows:. ...

*  BibMe: Generate Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology dictionary entry citations for your bibliography

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*  SHOTSMAG CONFIDENTIAL: Ben McPherson on What I don't know about criminal psychology

A chilling psychological thriller about family - the ties that bind us, and the lies that destroy us. You find your neighbour dead in his bath. Your son is with you. He sees everything. You discover your wife has been in the man's house. It seems she knew him. Now the police need to speak to you. One night turns Alex Mercer's life upside down. He loves his family and he wants to protect them, but there is too much he doesn't know. He doesn't know how the cracks in his and Millicent's marriage have affected their son, Max. Or how Millicent's bracelet came to be under the neighbour's bed. He doesn't know how to be a father to Max when his own world is shattering into pieces. Then the murder investigation begins. ...

*  Criminal Psychology

It is a conundrum that has vexed societies throughout history: how do you deal with those that break the law? If their aim is to evade you, how do you identify them? If their aim is to lie, how do you interview them? If they don't see their actions

*  Criminal Psychology - Page 13 | Become a Psychologist in UK

So this morning I m scheduled to see eleven people and an officer catches me at the door, before I even have my coat off, to tell me that one of my patients is down and waiting to see me. I get to the clinic and see two of our institutional psychologists sitting in an office, chatting. I don t think too much of this-it s the usual morning start, they ve made the morning coffee-until I happen to see the morning clinic schedule for the psychologists… ...

*  Criminal Psychology Questions

Hello, I'm currently a freshmen student and this is my second semester. I'm supposed to know my major by now and I really have high hopes of becoming a

*  Criminal Psychology - Page 12 | Become a Psychologist in UK

Mark Zuckerberg is talking about the introduction of a dislike button on Facebook (see coverage in NBCNews.com or BBC News). Reaction has been mixed. From my vantage, people may Like the idea, even if they don't get how it's supposed to be used. Marketers, however, will face muddier waters such as figuring out how to measure user behavior as users try to decide if they Like or Dislike (in a supportive way) something, if the Likers are now Dislikers… ...

*  ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION: It is ORDERED that Magistrate Judge Seibert's 17 Report and Recommendation is ORDERED...

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF WEST VIRGINIA ELKINS JOELLE GREATHOUSE, Plaintiff, v. CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:16-CV-62 (BAILEY) NANCY A. BERRYHILL, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant. ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION On this day, the above-styled matter came before this Court for consideration of the Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge James E. Seibert [Doc. 17]. Pursuant to this Court's local rules, this action was referred to Magistrate Judge Seibert for submission of a proposed report and recommendation ("R&R"). Magistrate Judge Seibert filed his R&R on August 28, 2017, wherein he recommends that the plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment [Doc. 12] be denied, that the defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment [Doc. 14] be granted, that the decision of the Commissioner be affirmed, and that this case be dismissed with prejudice. (Id.). On September 1, 2017, the plaintiff timely filed objections to the R&R [Doc. 18]. For ...

*  Many Magistrates Still Serve at the Mercy of Senators | The Nerve

Four years ago, The Nerve's Rick Brundrett highlighted a little-known facet of the South Carolina legislature's hegemonic influence over the state's judiciary. Many already knew about lawmakers' unilateral power to appoint judges and the consequent imbalance that creates. Less well known is the way in which senators can in effect hold magistrates under their thumbs.. Under current law, the governor appoints magistrates with the advice and consent of the Senate. When a magistrate's office is vacant or the term is expired, the Senator in that district will (after getting his fellow county delegation senator's sign-off) recommend a candidate for nomination by the entire Senate. The Senate then votes on whether or not to nominate the candidate. Anyone who has observed the Senate for any length of time will guess correctly that these votes are a formality. Only after the Senate has formally nominated the candidate does the governor "appoint" him.. But this one-sided relationship becomes even more ...

*  Specific cognitive deficits in tests sensitive to frontal lobe dysfunction in dyslexia - Opus

Brosnan, M., Demetre, J. and Cody, G., 2000. Specific cognitive deficits in tests sensitive to frontal lobe dysfunction in dyslexia. In: BPS Cognitive Section, 2000-01-01.. ...

*  Washington Sex Offender Records Not Exempt from PRA Disclosure | Prison Legal News

On April 7, 2016, the en banc Washington Supreme Court held that sex offender registration information is not exempt from blanket disclosure through requests filed under the state's Public Records Act (PRA).. Washington resident Donna Zink submitted several PRA requests for sex offender registration information. She first requested a copy of the Washington State Patrol (WSP) "Sex and Kidnapping Offender Database." A second request sought email correspondence between WSP and Benton County during a specified period. Her third request was to the Washington Association of Sheriffs and Police Chiefs (WASPC), for sex offender registration forms for offenders with last names beginning with "A" and registration files for offenders with last names beginning with "B.". WSP and WASPC stated they intended to release the records to Zink. Prior to doing so, however, WASPC notified affected Level I sex offenders that their records had been requested and were going to be released unless a court order enjoined ...

*  Maryland criminal records shield law - Daily Press

Legislation that would have shielded minor criminal records from scrutiny by potential employers gets watered down too much to be of significant benefit.

*  Swedish site publishes criminal records

A website in Sweden that allows users to access criminal records going back five years has launched amid criticism that it risks shaming people who have served ...

*  WULS: Clinical Education Program

Faculty: Adjunct Professors Jennifer Merrigan and Joseph Perkovich The POST-CONVICTION RELIEF CLINICAL PRACTICUM provides students with instruction in the laws and policies governing post-conviction relief in capital and life without parole cases coupled with lawyering experience in handling ongoing cases in Missouri and other capital jurisdictions. During class sessions, the course will examine legal and policy issues involved in capital post-conviction litigation. The readings and class discussion will provide not just the doctrine in post-conviction cases but also address the ways lawyers can use their skill to challenge convictions and sentences. Doctrinal and practical facets to be covered in the classroom portion are expected to include: death penalty constitutionality; overview of law and procedure in state courts; "evolving standards of decency" and exclusion of intellectually disabled and juveniles; the roles of juries; entitlement to the effective assistance of counsel; state ...

*  Don't set dogs on criminals with allergies, police told - Telegraph

Police dog handlers will have to consider whether criminals have allergies or a fear of dogs before conducting searches in what has been described as the latest example of 'namby pamby' policing.

George Scott IIIFBI Criminal Investigative Division: The Criminal Investigative Division (CID) is a division within the Criminal, Cyber, Response, and Services Branch of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The CID is the primary component within the FBI responsible for overseeing FBI investigations of traditional crimes such as narcotics trafficking and violent crime.Criminal justice system of the Netherlands: The criminal justice system of the Netherlands is the system of practices and institutions of the Netherlands directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, and sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. The Netherlands criminal code is based on the Napoleonic Code, imposed during the time of the French Empire.Eastern philosophy in clinical psychology: Eastern philosophy in clinical psychology refers to the influence of Eastern philosophies on the practice of clinical psychology based on the idea that East and West are false dichotomies. Travel and trade along the Silk Road brought ancient texts and mind practices deep into the West.Felony murder rule (Florida): In the state of Florida, the common law felony murder rule has been codified in Florida Revised Statutes § 782.04.List of social psychology theoriesGraham Young: Graham Fredrick Young (7 September 1947 – 1 August 1990) was an English serial killer who used poison to kill his victims. He was sent to Broadmoor Hospital in 1962 after poisoning several members of his family, killing his stepmother.Insanity

(1/29) Men with schizophrenia who behave violently: the usefulness of an early- versus late-start offender typology.

Persons who develop schizophrenia are more likely than nondisordered persons to commit crimes. It is important to investigate those who offend, in order to develop treatment programs that effectively prevent recidivism, and eventually, early childhood violence prevention programs. Recent studies have shown that among offenders with major mental disorders, there are two groups: early starters, who begin their criminal careers in adolescence; and late starters, who first offend as adults. The present study examined 272 violent male offenders with schizophrenia in Sweden who underwent a pretrial psychiatric assessment between 1988 and 1995. Early- and late-start offenders were found to present differences in behavior, comorbid disorders, personality traits, and referrals for treatment in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Their parents also differed. The findings have implications for treatment and management of offenders with schizophrenia, for risk assessment, and for prevention.  (+info)

(2/29) Neuropsychiatry of frontal lobe dysfunction in violent and criminal behaviour: a critical review.

OBJECTIVES: To establish the link between frontal lobe dysfunction and violent and criminal behaviour, based on a review of relevant literature. METHODS: Articles relating evidence of frontal lobe dysfunction with violence or crime were collected through a MEDLINE search using the keyword "frontal lobe" combined with the terms "aggression," "violence," "crime," "antisocial personality disorder," "psychopathy," "impulse control disorders", and "episodic dyscontrol." Reference lists were then searched for additional articles. RESULTS: High rates of neuropsychiatric abnormalities reported in persons with violent and criminal behaviour suggest an association between aggressive dyscontrol and brain injury, especially involving the frontal lobes. The studies reviewed support an association between frontal lobe dysfunction and increased aggressive and antisocial behaviour. Focal orbitofrontal injury is specifically associated with increased aggression. Deficits in frontal executive function may increase the likelihood of future aggression, but no study has reliably demonstrated a characteristic pattern of frontal network dysfunction predictive of violent crime. CONCLUSIONS: Clinically significant focal frontal lobe dysfunction is associated with aggressive dyscontrol, but the increased risk of violence seems less than is widely presumed. Evidence is strongest for an association between focal prefrontal damage and an impulsive subtype of aggressive behaviour.  (+info)

(3/29) AN EXPERIMENT IN FACIAL RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY IN A PRISON POPULATION.

A 10-year study of the effects of reconstructive surgery on selected inmates in a British Columbia provincial prison is described. It is proposed that physical defects can be dominant causes of crime, and that the correction of facial defects in inmates of a penal institution can effect a striking improvement in their conduct during imprisonment, and make them more confident on re-entry into society. This survey, covering 450 patients operated on in a 10-year period, demonstrates a marked decrease in the rate of criminal recidivism.  (+info)

(4/29) "Intuitive" lie detection of children's deception by law enforcement officials and university students.

Adults' ability to detect children's deception was examined. Police officers, customs officers, and university students attempted to differentiate between children who lied or told the truth about a transgression. When children were simply questioned about the event (Experiment 1), the adult groups could not distinguish between lie-tellers and truth-tellers. However, participants were more accurate when the children had participated in moral reasoning tasks (Experiment 2) or promised to tell the truth (Experiment 3) before being interviewed. Additional exposure to the children did not affect accuracy (Experiment 4). Customs officers were more certain about their judgments than other groups, but no more accurate. Overall, adults have a limited ability to identify children's deception, regardless of their experience with lie detection.  (+info)

(5/29) Pathological effects of the supermaximum prison.

The drawings of Todd (Hyung-Rae) Tarselli, a prisoner confined in a Pennsylvania "close-security" or "supermaximum" prison, tell a story--one that graphically portrays the devastating effects of a prison on the mental health of its inmates.  (+info)

(6/29) Paedophilia on the Internet--a study of 33 convicted offenders in the Canton of Lucerne.

BACKGROUND: The connection between the consumption of pornography and "contact-crimes" is unclear. The Internet has facilitated the mass consumption of pornography in general and specifically illegal pornography such as child-pornography. In 1999, the owners of "Landslide Production Inc.", an international provider of child-pornography in the USA were arrested and the credit-card-numbers of their clients were put at the disposal of the law enforcement agencies of the countries concerned. METHODS: Roughly 1300 Swiss citizens were subsequently arrested in the course of the nationwide action "Genesis". In the canton of Lucerne 33 men were identified. The police-files of these men were screened for psychosocial, criminological and psychosexual data. RESULTS: Most of these middle-aged men held comparatively elevated professional positions, only ten were married, eleven had never had an intimate relationship to a woman, and only thirteen of them had children. Only one of them had a relevant criminal record. The level of abuse depicted in the illegal material was high, all but one consumed pornography from other fields of sexual deviation. The personal statements of the offenders in general were hardly reliable, in three cases, however, the diagnosis of sexual deviation could be established from the files. The estimated time some of the offenders must have spent online in order to retrieve the material allows the diagnosis of Pathological Internet-Use. CONCLUSIONS: Deviant sexual fantasies seem to be widespread also among men otherwise not registered for any offences. The consumption of even particularly disgusting material may not be a specific risk factor for "contact" crimes.  (+info)

(7/29) Looking for pyromania: characteristics of a consecutive sample of Finnish male criminals with histories of recidivist fire-setting between 1973 and 1993.

BACKGROUND: As pyromania is a rare diagnosis with questionable validity, we aimed to describe a forensic psychiatric population of arson recidivists. METHODS: The medical records as well as the forensic psychiatric examination statements of 90 arson recidivists referred for pretrial psychiatric assessment in Helsinki University Hospital Department of Forensic Psychiatry between 1973 and 1993 were reviewed. RESULTS: The most important diagnostic categories of arson recidivists were personality disorders, psychosis and mental retardation, often with comorbid alcoholism. In all, 68% of arsonists were under alcohol intoxication during the index crime. Psychotic as well as mentally retarded persons with repeated fire-setting behaviour were mostly "pure arsonists"--persons guilty only of arsons during their criminal careers. Arson recidivists with personality disorder, in contrast, often exhibited various types of criminal behaviour and arson appeared to be only one expression of a wide range of criminal activity. Comorbid alcoholism was apparently a more rarely observed phenomenon among pure arsonists than in "nonpure arsonists". We found only three subjects fulfilling the present diagnostic criteria for pyromania. CONCLUSION: Using the criteria of the DSM-IV-TR, pyromania must be regarded as an extremely rare phenomenon. Especially the question of substance intoxication as an exclusion criterion for pyromania should be reconsidered.  (+info)

(8/29) Quantifying the contributions of three types of information to the prediction of criminal conviction using the receiver operating characteristic.

BACKGROUND: Quantifying the contributions that different types of information make to the accurate prediction of offending offers the prospects of improved practice and better use of resources. AIMS: To quantify the contributions made by three types of information--demographic data alone, demographic and criminal record and demographic, criminal record and legal class of disorder--to the prediction of criminal conviction in patients. METHOD: All 425 patients discharged from the three special (high secure) hospitals in England and Wales over 2 years were followed for 10.5 years. The contribution of each type of information was described in terms of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and the number needed to detain (NND). RESULTS: The AUC values using the three types of information were 0.66, 0.72 and 0.73 respectively. Prediction based on the full model using an optimal probability cut-off implies an NND of 2. The AUCs for serious offences were 0.67, 0.69 and 0.75 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: For long-term prediction of conviction on any charge, information on legal class adds little to the accuracy of predictions made using only a patient's age, gender and criminal record. In the prediction of serious offences alone the contribution of legal class is significant.  (+info)



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