Crime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Rape: Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Theft: Unlawful act of taking property.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Criminals: Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.Firearms: Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.Forensic Medicine: The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.Torture: The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.Criminal Psychology: The branch of psychology which investigates the psychology of crime with particular reference to the personality factors of the criminal.Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.National Socialism: The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)Forensic Anthropology: Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)War Crimes: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.Criminology: The study of crime and criminals with special reference to the personality factors and social conditions leading toward, or away from crime.Criminal Law: A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.

*  Bill OKs crime victims addressing Pa. parole board

AP) State lawmakers have approved a measure that would allow crime victims to address the parole board directly when inmates ... Bill OKs crime victims addressing Pa. parole board. Sunday, April 14, 2013 ... Currently, an inmate up for parole is allowed to meet with parole board members, but victims and their families are limited to ... Baker said the measure, which still needs the governor s signature, corrects a flaw in the system that denied victims and their ...
dailylocal.com/article/20130414/NEWS03/130419744&template=printart

*  WomensLaw.org | U Visa Laws for Crime Victims

... www.uscis.gov/humanitarian/victims-human-trafficking-other-crimes/victims-criminal-activity-u-nonimmigrant-status/victims- ... The U visa status may be available to victims of domestic violence crimes, stalking, sexual assault or victims of certain other ... crimes (which can be crimes that have nothing to do with domestic abuse).. If you are a noncitizen victim of crime, you must ... The U visa status may be available to victims of domestic violence crimes, stalking, sexual assault or victims of certain other ...
womenslaw.org/laws_state_type.php?id=10271&state_code=US

*  Letter: Karle an advocate for crime victims - News - MPNnow - Canandaigua, NY

She is a zealous advocate for crime victims, and is relentless in bringing criminals to justice. Her years of experience in the ... She is a zealous advocate for crime victims, and is relentless in bringing criminals to justice. Her years of experience in the ... Letter: Karle an advocate for crime victims. Saturday. Sep 9, 2017 at 2:01 AM ...
mpnnow.com/news/20170909/letter-karle-advocate-for-crime-victims

*  Rights of Crime Victims | USAO-EDWI | Department of Justice

Rights of Crime Victims. 18 U.S.C. 3771 (e). A victim of a crime has the following rights: ... If you have any questions regarding your rights as a crime victim, please call the Victim Witness Unit at the United States ... As a crime victim, you can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to these rights. ... determines that testimony by the victim would be materially altered if the victim heard other testimony at that proceeding. ...
https://justice.gov/usao-edwi/victim-witness-assistance/rights-crime-victims

*  Maryland Crime Victims' Resource Center - Bio, News, Photos - Washington Times

Latest news and commentary on Maryland Crime Victims' Resource Center including photos, videos, quotations, and a biography. ... Maryland Crime Victims' Resource Center. Subscribe to this topic via RSS or ATOM Topic - Maryland Crime Victims' Resource ...
washingtontimes.com/topics/maryland-crime-victims-resource-center/

*  Matt Magee's heroic instincts save crime victims

... FSU track athlete came to the rescue when two young women were attacked near ... Matt Magee's heroic instincts save crime victims. FSU track athlete came to the rescue when two young women were attacked near ... Matt Magee's heroic instincts save crime victims FSU track athlete came to the rescue when two young women were attacked near ...
fsunews.com/story/sports/2017/03/05/matt-magees-heroic-instincts-save-crime-victims/98781812/

*  Crime Victim Blames Greyhound for Beating

... April 27, 2016. EVA FEDDERLY (CN) - A Georgia man claims in court that he was ...
https://courthousenews.com/crime-victim-blames-greyhound-for-beating/

*  Crime Victims, Crime and Correction Meeting | NY State Senate

Add to Calendar 04/26/2017 9:30 AM 04/26/2017 10:30 AM America/New_York Crime Victims, Crime and Correction Meeting 123 CAP MM/ ... 2016 Report Of The New York State Senate Standing Committee on Crime Victims, Crime and Correction. February 01, 2017 ... Crime Victims, Crime and Correction Meeting Crime Victims, Crime and Correction NYS Capitol Building 332 CAP ... Crime Victims, Crime and Correction Meeting Crime Victims, Crime and Correction NYS Capitol Building 123 CAP ...
https://nysenate.gov/calendar/meetings/crime-victims-crime-and-correction/april-26-2017/crime-victims-crime-and

*  California legislator helps crime victim

... Share this:. *Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) ... A California state senator who was called on to help a home invasion robbery victim says he is still stunned such a crime ... DeSaulnier says he was reading in his backyard when the crime occurred, but didn't hear anything suspicious. ...
twincities.com/2014/02/24/california-legislator-helps-crime-victim/

*  Baltimore nonprofit receives $2 million grant to aid crime victims

2 million state grant to assist families impacted by crime in the area ... 2 million grant to aid crime victims. Family and Children's Services provide variety of services to victims ... through the Governor's Office of Crime Control and Prevention through the Victims of Crime Act. ... The purpose of the state program is to improve the treatment of victims of crime by providing them with the assistance and ...
wbaltv.com/article/baltimore-nonprofit-receives-dollar2-million-grant-to-aid-crime-victims/8383287

*  Gloucester holds Crime Victim Rights Week events - Daily Press

A crime victims awareness fair will be held Saturday from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. in the parking lot of Walmart. At the fair will be ... National Crime Victims' Rights week started Sunday and Gloucester has two events lined up on Thursday and Saturday. ... On Thursday evening at 6 p.m., a candlelight vigil to honor victims, witnesses and survivors of crime will be held on the steps ... a helicopter and an information booth and other crime prevention and victim resources. ...
dailypress.com/news/gloucester-county/gloucester-blog/dp-gloucester-holds-crime-victim-rights-week-events-20120423-story.html

*  England: Goths, Punks Can Now Be Hate-Crime Victims in Manchester | TIME.com

A British police force will now treat violence and abuse against punks and goths as hate crimes. Offenses committed on grounds ... of disability, race, religion or sexual orientation are already recognized across the U.K. as hate crimes. ... Goths and Punks Can Now Be Hate-Crime Victims in Manchester, U.K.. Offenses committed on grounds of disability, race, religion ... Skaters, skinheads, bikers and bodybuilders would also be recognized as victims of hate crime, as Shewan told Channel 4 News. ...
newsfeed.time.com/2013/04/05/goths-and-punks-can-now-be-hate-crime-victims-in-the-u-k/print/

*  Staff Attorney (Crime Victims Legal Assistance Project) | National Legal Aid & Defender Association

Michigan Advocacy Program has openings for Staff Attorney positions with our Crime Victims Legal Assistance Project focused on ... under the federal Victims of Crime Act (VOCA). The CVLAP attorneys will be jointly supervised by managing/supervising attorneys ... and Lakeshore Legal Aid to provide outreach and a wide range of legal representation and advocacy to victims of crime, ...
nlada.org/node/11666

*  San Bernardino County leaders to gather for crime victims' memorial - San Bernardino Sun

Victims of crime in San Bernardino County and their families will be honored during the event, scheduled for noon to 1 p.m. at ... The District Attorney's Office will present an Award for Exemplary Service to Victims of Crime to the physicians of the ... The Redlands East Valley Choir plans to perform three songs in tribute to victims and other performers will play a bagpipe ... around the Inland Empire are expected to attend the San Bernardino County District Attorney's Office National Crime Victims' ...
sbsun.com/2014/04/07/san-bernardino-county-leaders-to-gather-for-crime-victims-memorial/

*  Five more police forces pledge to meet every crime victim after Jacqui Smith's call - Telegraph

Five more police forces have pledged to visit every victim of crime after the Home Secretary Jacqui Smith backed the policy. ... crime screening' policy. Our own perspective suggests that this policy yields results in terms of crimes solved and victim ... Ms Smith said that crime victims "want visible policing, they want people, if they have been involved in crime that they want ... Five more police forces have pledged to visit every victim of crime after the Home Secretary Jacqui Smith backed the policy. ...
telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/law-and-order/3496396/Five-more-police-forces-pledge-to-meet-every-crime-victim-after-Jacqui-Smiths-call.html

*  Jack the Ripper's Victims Crime Magazine

But what of his hapless victims? Who were they? by Denise M. Clark The legend of Jack of the Ripper - the first serial killer ... The only thing positively known about the Ripper is who his victims were. Over time, they've been all but forgotten. Who were ... the fact is no one knows anything about the actual man who committed the most infamous murders in crime annals. ... Victims attributed to Jack the Ripper (L-R): Mary Ann Nicholls, Annie Chapman, Elizabeth Stride, Catharine Eddowes, and Mary ...
crimemagazine.com/jack-rippers-victims?page=18

*  Hate Crime: Victims and Witnesses: The Crown Prosecution Service

Information for victims and witnesses about hate crime, from the Crown Prosecution Service ... Home » Victims and Witnesses » Hate Crime. Hate Crime. What is hate crime?. The term 'hate crime' can be used to describe a ... Victims of hate crime are eligible for special measures.. Once it has been decided what special measures would help a victim or ... Disability Hate Crime and other crimes against disabled people - Prosecution Guidance. How the CPS supports victims and ...
cps.gov.uk/victims_witnesses/hate_crime/index.html

*  9781452203201 - Victims of Crime | eCampus.com

9781452203201 Our cheapest price for Victims of Crime is $86.33. Free shipping on all orders over $35.00. ... Victim Participation in the Criminal Justice System. p. 251. Legal Rights for Crime Victims in the Criminal Justice System. p. ... and victims rights Focuses on the emerging issues and policies in the fields of victim rights and crime prevention The Chapter ... Hate Crimes: Characteristics of Incidents, Victims, and Offenders. p. 107. Homicide Survivors: A Summary of the Research. p. ...
ecampus.com/victims-crime-4th-robert-c-davis/bk/9781452203201

*  Federal Register :: Victims of Crime Act Victim Assistance Program

Victim Assistance Program'') authorized by the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (``VOCA''). VOCA... ... publishes this final rule to implement the victim assistance formula grant program (`` ... The Office for Victims of Crime (``OVC'') of the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of Justice Programs (``OJP''), ... victims of violent crime in high crime areas; LGBTQ victims; victims of federal crimes, victims of robbery; and victims of gang ...
https://federalregister.gov/documents/2016/07/08/2016-16085/victims-of-crime-act-victim-assistance-program

*  High priority for victims of crime | Scoop News

... the needs of the victims must also be a high priority ... ... High priority for victims of crime. Friday, 19 July 2002, 6:01 ... "The victims of crime and violence need to be cared for, especially when the offenders are due for release from prison," Mr ... High priority for victims of crime. While the new Sentencing and Parole law introduced by the Clark/Anderton Coalition ... "Jim Anderton's Progressive Coalition aims to ensure that restoration is provided to the victims of crime and that counselling ...
scoop.co.nz/stories/PA0207/S00554.htm

*  Victims of Crimes in Thomasville

A ceremony in the Rose City Wednesday celebrated National Crime Victims' Rights Week. ... also crime victim, adds, "It shows that there is people out there who care about victims and that other victims care about what ... Fred Mathews, a crime victim, says, "I hope this will send a message to the victim that there are people probably all around ... A ceremony in the Rose City Wednesday celebrated National Crime Victims' Rights Week. The event gave victims a chance to come ...
wctv.tv/home/headlines/1470342.html

*  Victims of crime need your help - Coventry Telegraph

A charity dedicated to helping Coventry's victims of crime has made a fresh plea for volunteers - despite a positive response ... Victims of crime need your help. A charity dedicated to helping Coventry's victims of crime has made a fresh plea for ... CrimeMore than 1,000 hate crimes reported in Coventry since 2014. Police have revealed there were 985 race hate crimes and 40 ... CrimeMore than 1,000 hate crimes reported in Coventry since 2014. Police have revealed there were 985 race hate crimes and 40 ...
coventrytelegraph.net/news/coventry-news/victims-crime-need-your-help-3145163

*  Star Trek (2009) / Headscratchers - TV Tropes

I'm saying that victims of the red matter black hole are NOT treated like they were sent back in time, and I'm unclear about ... was to have a member of Starfleet subdued and jettisoned on an icy world on the edge of Vulcan's star system for the crime of ... If he doesn't warn people about those things, then he's effectively murdering all of those threats' victims through inaction. ... "Blink" where victims are sent back in time far enough so that when the present day rolls around, the victims are too old to ...
tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Headscratchers/StarTrek2009

*  The Awareness Center, Inc. (International Jewish Coaltion Against Sexual Assault): The Cruelest Crime - Sexual Abuse Of...

The Cruelest Crime - Sexual Abuse Of Children: The Victims, The Offenders, How To Protect Your Family ... "The hardest bond to break is when the victim always saw dad as being pathetic and one of the kids. The victim has a lot of ... Therapists explained how young victims can be helped and what happens if they're not. Forty victims and mothers of sexually ... the offender plays the part of his victim. In one Seattle outpatient clinic, the pedophile reenacts on videotape his crime with ...
theawarenesscenter.blogspot.com/1984/12/the-cruelest-crime-sexual-abuse-of.html

*  The Trauma Myth: The Truth About the Sexual Abuse of Children - and Its ... - Susan A. Clancy - Google Books

The professional assumptions about the nature of childhood trauma can harm victims by reinforcing these feelings. Survivors are ... Clancy demonstrates that the most common feeling victims report is not fear or panic, but confusion. Because children don't ... child victims Childhood Sexual Abuse Clinical Clinical Psychology cognitive confused Courage to Heal crimes damages victims ... Trauma Myth traumatic experience Traumatic Stress treatment truth about sexual understand University Press victims feel victims ...
https://books.google.com/books?id=P4uHGgoul_YC&hl=en

Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner: A Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) is a qualification for forensic nurses who have received special training to conduct sexual assault evidentiary exams for rape victims. Not all, but many SANE programs are coordinated by rape crisis centers rather than hospitals.Felony murder rule (Florida): In the state of Florida, the common law felony murder rule has been codified in Florida Revised Statutes § 782.04.Anti-abortion violence: Anti-abortion violence is violence committed against individuals and organizations that provide abortion. Incidents of violence have included destruction of property, in the form of vandalism; crimes against people, including kidnapping, stalking, assault, attempted murder, and murder; and crimes affecting both people and property, including arson and bombings.Metal theft: Metal theft is "the theft of items for the value of their constituent metals". It usually increases when worldwide prices for scrap metal rise, as has happened dramatically due to rapid industrialization in India and China.Homicide: Homicide occurs when one human being causes the death of another human being. Homicides can be divided into many overlapping types, including murder, manslaughter, justifiable homicide, killing in war, euthanasia, and execution, depending on the circumstances of the death.FBI Criminal Investigative Division: The Criminal Investigative Division (CID) is a division within the Criminal, Cyber, Response, and Services Branch of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The CID is the primary component within the FBI responsible for overseeing FBI investigations of traditional crimes such as narcotics trafficking and violent crime.Physics of firearms: From the viewpoint of physics (dynamics, to be exact), a firearm, as for most weapons, is a system for delivering maximum destructive energy to the target with minimum delivery of energy on the shooter. The momentum delivered to the target however cannot be any more than that (due to recoil) on the shooter.Fredric Rieders: Fredric Rieders (July 9, 1922 – November 26, 2005) was an internationally renowned forensic toxicologist. He was born in Vienna, Austria.Program for Torture VictimsGeorge Scott IIIInternational Law Enforcement Academy: International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEAs) are international police academies administered by the U.S.Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force: The Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force (HKAPF, ) is established in 1914 as the Police Reserve unit, provides additional manpower to the Hong Kong Police Force, especially during emergencies and other incidents.Mass suicides in 1945 Nazi Germany: Mass suicides in 1945 Nazi Germany among civilians, government officials and military personnel alike occurred with unusual frequency during the final weeks of Nazi Germany and the end of World War II in Europe for numerous reasons. These include the influence of Nazi propaganda, reaction to the suicide of Adolf Hitler, loyalty to the tenets of the Nazi Party, the nation's impending defeat in war, the anticipated Allied occupation of Nazi Germany, and fears of harsh treatment at the hands of military personnel both from the Western armies and the Soviet army.Mass graveRamush HaradinajList of law enforcement agencies in MontanaCriminal justice system of the Netherlands: The criminal justice system of the Netherlands is the system of practices and institutions of the Netherlands directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, and sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. The Netherlands criminal code is based on the Napoleonic Code, imposed during the time of the French Empire.

(1/616) Effect of closed circuit television on urban violence.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of city and town centre closed circuit television (CCTV) surveillance on violence in terms of accident and emergency (A&E) department and police assault data. METHODS: A&E department and local police assault data in three centres in Wales (Cardiff, Swansea, and Rhyl) two years before and two years after the installation of CCTV were studied. British Crime Survey and police crime statistics were used as control data. RESULTS: A&E records of 24,442 assault patients and 3228 violent offences recorded by the police were studied. Data from two A&E departments (Swansea (+3%) and Rhyl (+45%)) showed increases in recorded assaults after CCTV installation but a decrease (12%) in the largest centre, Cardiff. There was an overall reduction in town/city centre violence from the A&E department perspective of 1% in the two years after CCTV installation. In contrast, police data demonstrated changes in the opposite direction (-44%, -24%, and +20% respectively) contributing to an overall decrease of 9%. British Crime Survey and police statistics for England and Wales demonstrated no overall change and a 16% increase respectively. CONCLUSIONS: City centre CCTV installation had no obvious influence on levels of assaults recorded in A&E departments. There was a negative relationship between police and A&E recording in all three centres. A&E departments are important and unique sources of information about community violence.  (+info)

(2/616) Epidemiology of injuries among women after physical assaults: the role of self-protective behaviors.

Physical assaults against women result in more than 5,000 deaths and 1 million nonfatal injuries per year in the United States. Data from the National Crime Victimization Survey, 1992-1995, were used to test the association between injury risk and self-protective behaviors, while controlling for victim, offender, and crime-related characteristics. Unlike in prior studies, a self-protective behavior measure that accounted for the temporal sequencing of the occurrence of injuries and self-protective behaviors was used. The study also examined whether the effect of self-protective behaviors varied as a function of victim-offender relationship status. The sample included 3,206 incidents in which females were physically assaulted by a lone male offender within the previous 6 months. Multivariate results revealed that women who used self-protective measures were less likely to be injured than were women who did not use self-protective measures or who did so only after being injured. The effect of self-protective behaviors on risk of injury did not vary as a function of the victim-offender relationship. The inverse association found between self-protective behaviors and injury risk differs from those of previous studies. Owing to inconsistent findings across studies, caution should be used when making recommendations to women regarding whether or not they should use self-protective behaviors during a physical assault.  (+info)

(3/616) Early behavior problems as a predictor of later peer group victimization: moderators and mediators in the pathways of social risk.

This study is a prospective investigation of the predictive association between early behavior problems (internalizing, externalizing, hyperactivity-impulsiveness, immaturity-dependency) and later victimization in the peer group. Teacher ratings of the behavioral adjustment of 389 kindergarten and 1st-grade children (approximate age range of 5 to 6 years-old) were obtained, using standardized behavior problem checklists. These ratings predicted peer nomination scores for victimization, obtained 3 years later, even after the prediction associated with concurrent behavior problems was statistically controlled. Further analyses suggested that the relation between early behavior problems and later victimization is mediated by peer rejection and moderated by children's dyadic friendships. Behavior problems appear to play an important role in determining victimization within the peer group, although the relevant pathways are complex and influenced by other aspects of children's social adjustment.  (+info)

(4/616) Integrated clinical service for sexual assault victims in a genitourinary setting.

BACKGROUND: Reported sexual assault is increasing, and the diverse immediate and longer term needs of the victim are usually met by exposure to a number of healthcare professionals often in different locations, involving delays and travel, increasing the trauma for the victim. OBJECTIVES: To set up a centre to address the immediate and longer term needs of the sexual assault victim and review issues arising during the development of the service. METHODS: Description of setting up the service in the genitourinary medicine department of Kings College Hospital, south London, and the aspects of care offered. RESULTS: The number of victims referred by police increased from 15 in 1992 to 58 in 1996. In 1996, 55 female and three male victims were seen. 23 different police stations brought victims for examination; mean age of the victim was 27 years (range 14-60), median time between assault and examination was 22 hours (range 3 hours-3 months); 23% had genital injuries, 59% had other physical injury, and 11% needed further hospital care. 71% accepted screening for sexually transmitted infection (STI), 21% had an STI diagnosed, 16% of the women required emergency contraception, 26% received prophylactic antibiotics, and 58% saw a health adviser. 70% had a follow up appointment arranged of which 50% attended. CONCLUSION: The high uptake of STI screening, emergency contraception, health adviser consultation, and follow up supports the concept of a comprehensive integrated system to meet the disparate needs of the victim while still obtaining the necessary forensic evidence. The wide catchment area of service users indicates gaps in services available for the assault victim. Earlier genitourinary involvement after sexual assault is becoming increasingly pertinent in relation to HIV prophylaxis.  (+info)

(5/616) Violence victimization after HIV infection in a US probability sample of adult patients in primary care.

OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the proportion of HIV-infected adults who have been assaulted by a partner or someone important to them since their HIV diagnosis and the extent to which they reported HIV-seropositive status as a cause of the violence. METHODS: Study participants were from a nationally representative probability sample of 2864 HIV-infected adults who were receiving medical care and were enrolled in the HIV Costs and Service Utilization Study. All interviews (91% in person, 9% by telephone) were conducted with computer-assisted personal interviewing instruments. Interviews began in January 1996 and ended 15 months later. RESULTS: Overall, 20.5% of the women, 11.5% of the men who reported having sex with men, and 7.5% of the heterosexual men reported physical harm since diagnosis, of whom nearly half reported HIV-seropositive status as a cause of violent episodes. CONCLUSIONS: HIV-related care is an appropriate setting for routine assessment of violence. Programs to cross-train staff in antiviolence agencies and HIV care facilities need to be developed for men and women with HIV infection.  (+info)

(6/616) Prior interpersonal trauma: the contribution to current PTSD symptoms in female rape victims.

The purpose of the current study was to disentangle the relationship of childhood sexual abuse and childhood physical abuse from prior adult sexual and physical victimization in predicting current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in recent rape victims. The participants were a community sample of 117 adult rape victims assessed within 1 month of a recent index rape for a history of child sexual abuse, child physical abuse, other adult sexual and physical victimization, and current PTSD symptoms. Results from path analyses showed that a history of child sexual abuse seems to increase vulnerability for adult sexual and physical victimization and appears to contribute to current PTSD symptoms within the cumulative context of other adult trauma.  (+info)

(7/616) Stalking--a contemporary challenge for forensic and clinical psychiatry.

BACKGROUND: Stalking is causing pervasive and intense personal suffering and is an area of psychiatry that is currently overlooked. AIMS: To review demographic and clinical characteristics of stalkers as well as the psychological consequences for victims of stalking. METHOD: A Medline and PsycLit search was conducted on stalking, forensic psychiatry, personality disorders, de Clerambault syndrome and erotomania, with respect to the relevance of the articles selected for stalking. RESULTS: Stalkers are best thought of as a heterogeneous group whose behaviour can be motivated by different forms of psychopathology, including psychosis and severe personality disorders. CONCLUSIONS: There is a clear need to arrive at a consensus on a typology of stalkers and associated diagnostic criteria. The effectiveness of psychological and pharmacological treatments have not yet been investigated. Treatment may need to be supplemented with external incentives provided by the legal system.  (+info)

(8/616) Crack-cocaine users as victims of physical attack.

This study evaluates the correlates of physical attack among people who use crack cocaine in Dayton, Ohio. Using a retrospective and prospective natural history design, data from baseline and 1-year follow-up interviews were used to calculate the prevalence of physical attack and the annual rate of physical attack suffered by 440 not-in-treatment crack-cocaine users. Logistic regression was used to determine the correlates of physical attack. The lifetime prevalence of physical attack was 63.0%; the annual rate was 36.8%. At baseline, daily crack users were more likely to report a previous attack since they began using crack (odds ratio [OR], 1.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-2.77). Longer duration of crack use was also associated with experiencing an attack (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.04-1.14). Between baseline and 12-month follow-up, the odds of men being attacked were significantly less than those for women (OR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.23-0.99). Physical attack is widespread among crack-cocaine users, and does not vary by ethnicity. Injuries often result in the need for medical care. Over the short term, women are at increased risk. Accessible and effective drug abuse treatment is needed to diminish the harm this population suffers.  (+info)



VOCA


  • VOCA authorizes OVC to provide an annual grant from the Crime Victims Fund to each State and eligible territory for the financial support of services to crime victims by eligible crime victim assistance programs. (federalregister.gov)
  • The rule codifies and updates the existing VOCA Victim Assistance Program Guidelines ("Guidelines") to reflect changes in OVC policy, needs of the crime victim services field, and VOCA itself. (federalregister.gov)
  • The Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (VOCA) authorizes the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) to provide an annual formula grant from the Crime Victims Fund to each State and eligible territory for the purpose of providing assistance to victims of crime. (federalregister.gov)

survivors


  • On Thursday evening at 6 p.m., a candlelight vigil to honor victims, witnesses and survivors of crime will be held on the steps of the Gloucester County Courthouse. (dailypress.com)

available to victims


  • The U visa status may be available to victims of domestic violence crimes, stalking, sexual assault or victims of certain other crimes (which can be crimes that have nothing to do with domestic abuse). (womenslaw.org)

Prevention


  • Family and Children's Services (FCS) received the grant, which will be distributed over two years, through the Governor's Office of Crime Control and Prevention through the Victims of Crime Act. (wbaltv.com)
  • At the fair will be fire trucks, an ambulance, a Virginia Marine Police boat, a helicopter and an information booth and other crime prevention and victim resources. (dailypress.com)

prosecution


  • This page includes information about obtaining lawful status if you are the victim of certain crimes (including domestic abuse) and can obtain a certification that you are, have been or will be helpful in the investigation or prosecution of the crime. (womenslaw.org)
  • Asked on Twitter how designating such attacks as hate crimes would affect a prosecution, Shewan said that the evidence of "motivation, hate, prejudice or hostility" would be presented in court. (time.com)
  • We are also responsible for providing information, assistance and support to victims and prosecution witnesses. (cps.gov.uk)

witnesses


  • Our Public Policy Statements explain the way we deal with and prosecute hate crimes and what victims and witnesses can expect from us. (cps.gov.uk)
  • This means that most victims and witnesses don't have to go to court. (cps.gov.uk)
  • For more information please see the section on Victims and Witnesses. (cps.gov.uk)
  • Special measures are a range of support options to assist victims and witnesses to give evidence in court. (cps.gov.uk)

prosecute


  • 1 The main purpose of the U visa is to encourage undocumented crime victims to help law enforcement investigate and prosecute crimes without fear of being deported. (womenslaw.org)
  • CPS prosecutors also use legal guidance to help them prosecute cases of hate crime. (cps.gov.uk)

criminal justic


  • Campaigners applauded the moves after warning victims feel they are being ignored by the criminal justice system. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • There are a range of adjustments which can be made by those within the criminal justice system and they can be tailored to suit the individual needs of the victim or witness. (cps.gov.uk)

eligible


  • Victims of hate crime are eligible for special measures. (cps.gov.uk)
  • [ 1 ] These annual Victim Assistance Program formula grants are used by the States to provide financial support to eligible crime victim assistance programs. (federalregister.gov)

justice


  • The purpose of the state program is to improve the treatment of victims of crime by providing them with the assistance and services necessary to aid their restoration after a violent criminal act, and to support and aid them as they move through the criminal justice process. (wbaltv.com)
  • She is a zealous advocate for crime victims, and is relentless in bringing criminals to justice. (mpnnow.com)
  • Everyone is different and the support needed by one victim or witness to go through the criminal justice process will be different to the support needed by another victim or witness. (cps.gov.uk)
  • Office for Victims of Crime, Justice. (federalregister.gov)

investigate


  • The police investigate whether a hate crime has been committed. (cps.gov.uk)

hate-crime


  • We are able to officially recognize that people who wish to express their alternative sub-culture identity freely should not have to tolerate hate crime - something that many people have to endure on a daily basis. (time.com)
  • Skaters, skinheads, bikers and bodybuilders would also be recognized as victims of hate crime, as Shewan told Channel 4 News. (time.com)
  • The GMP's decision comes five years after 20-year-old Sophie Lancaster died after being repeatedly kicked in the head in a Lancashire park - an offense that the judge sentencing her five killers recognized as a hate crime because she was targeted for being a goth. (time.com)
  • But the journalist Colin Freeman, writing in the Daily Telegraph , asks how ethnic minorities and other "vulnerable groups," for whom hate-crime legislation was originally designed to protect, will feel about subcultures getting the same protection: "If things get really bad, goths and punks can always change the way they look," he wrote. (time.com)
  • What is hate crime? (cps.gov.uk)
  • The term 'hate crime' can be used to describe a range of criminal behaviour where the perpetrator is motivated by hostility or demonstrates hostility towards the victim's disability, race, religion, sexual orientation or transgender identity. (cps.gov.uk)
  • We are responsible for preparing and presenting hate crime cases at court and applying for an increased sentence. (cps.gov.uk)
  • The legal guidance on hate crime can be found in the legal guidance section of this website. (cps.gov.uk)
  • Most hate crime cases end with the defendant pleading guilty. (cps.gov.uk)

detection


  • He added it was more possible now since the force had moved away from targets based on detection which meant "solvability" dictated victim visits. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • But it took time to adapt to new crime detection methods and detectives in 1888 did not have the luxury of DNA evidence or tools that could be utilized to examine microscopic evidence such as tissues, hair or clothing. (crimemagazine.com)

organization


  • The District Attorney's Office will present an Award for Exemplary Service to Victims of Crime to the physicians of the Children's Assessment Center, an organization that helps victims of abuse. (sbsun.com)

elder


  • Michigan Advocacy Program has openings for Staff Attorney positions with our Crime Victims Legal Assistance Project focused on domestic violence and elder abuse. (nlada.org)

Help


  • Help us combat the proliferation of sexual exploitation crimes against children. (justice.gov)
  • CONCORD, Calif.-A California state senator who was called on to help a home invasion robbery victim says he is still stunned such a crime occurred in his neighborhood. (twincities.com)
  • Once it has been decided what special measures would help a victim or witness, the CPS prosecutor makes an application to the court. (cps.gov.uk)
  • We have produced a support guide to help anyone understand the types of support which exist to assist disabled victims of crime and where to access them. (cps.gov.uk)

attorney


  • As a crime victim, you can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to these rights. (justice.gov)

sexual


  • Offenses committed on grounds of disability, race, religion or sexual orientation are already nationally recognized in the U.K. as hate crimes. (time.com)

United States


  • If you have any questions regarding your rights as a crime victim, please call the Victim Witness Unit at the United States Attorney's Office at 1-800-680-8949 or 414-297-4100. (justice.gov)

parole


  • 2. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any public court proceeding, or any parole proceeding, involving the crime or of any release or escape of the accused. (justice.gov)
  • AP) State lawmakers have approved a measure that would allow crime victims to address the parole board directly when inmates are being considered for parole. (dailylocal.com)
  • The state Senate last week unanimously approved a measure that allow victims and their families to speak to the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole at such hearings, according to The (Wilkes-Barre) Citizens Voice. (dailylocal.com)
  • Currently, an inmate up for parole is allowed to meet with parole board members, but victims and their families are limited to written or recorded comments. (dailylocal.com)

services


  • The grant, the largest in the 167-year history of Family and Children's Services, will be used to implement the agency's Family Violence Project, a comprehensive, holistic, regional array of services developed to move families impacted by crime from crisis and vulnerability to safety and stability. (wbaltv.com)
  • It is only through a holistic approach, offering individualized services to a victim and their family members, loved ones and caregivers that complete and profound healing can be achieved. (wbaltv.com)
  • MAP has partnered with Legal Services of Eastern Michigan, Legal Aid of Western Michigan, Legal Services of South Central Michigan, Legal Services of Northern Michigan, and Lakeshore Legal Aid to provide outreach and a wide range of legal representation and advocacy to victims of crime, primarily domestic violence and elder abuse survivors, under the federal Victims of Crime Act (VOCA). (nlada.org)

abuse


  • A British police force will now treat violence and abuse against punks and goths as hate crimes. (time.com)
  • Victims of Crime 4 includes newly contributed and updated articles utilizing the latest research and studies in the areas of violence, abuse, and victims' rights from experts in the field. (ecampus.com)
  • OVC adds a new definition of the statutory term "victim of child abuse" to make clear OVC's existing flexible approach of allowing States to address a broad variety of harm to children. (federalregister.gov)

meet


  • The growing support comes after Miss Smith said Essex Chief Constable Roger Baker was "on to something" when he announced his officers would meet every victim, no matter how minor the crime. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Arthur Edwards, the Deputy Chief Constable of Dyfed-Powys police: "We send officers to meet victims of crime and do not operate a so-called 'crime screening' policy. (telegraph.co.uk)

evidence


  • 3. The right not to be excluded from any such public court proceeding, unless the court, after receiving clear and convincing evidence, determines that testimony by the victim would be materially altered if the victim heard other testimony at that proceeding. (justice.gov)
  • Because his victims showed no evidence of struggle or defensive wounds, it was suggested the killer was an inoffensive and respectable looking man who struck not only swiftly, but powerfully. (crimemagazine.com)

week


  • National Crime Victims' Rights week started Sunday and Gloucester has two events lined up on Thursday and Saturday. (dailypress.com)
  • SAN BERNARDINO - Law enforcement leaders from around the Inland Empire are expected to attend the San Bernardino County District Attorney's Office National Crime Victims' Week Memorial event Monday. (sbsun.com)
  • Backing Mr Baker last week, Ms Smith said that crime victims "want visible policing, they want people, if they have been involved in crime that they want the police to actually come and talk to them about it. (telegraph.co.uk)

needs


  • Baker said the measure, which still needs the governor s signature, corrects a flaw in the system that denied victims and their families a chance to make their case directly to the people who will decide the fate of an inmate. (dailylocal.com)
  • Lyn Costello, of Mothers Against Murder and Aggression, said: "I certainly back any policeman who says a victim needs to be visited and make them think they are more important than the perpetrator. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • It takes a common sense approach, signalling the value which attendance can have in building public confidence, while recognising that the important issue is that those who encounter crime feel supported and have their needs met. (telegraph.co.uk)

call


  • It contributes to what we call 'total policing' - total war on crime and total care for victims. (telegraph.co.uk)

police


  • Although such offenses will now be recorded by police as hate crimes, it is a distinction not yet enshrined in law. (time.com)
  • Five more police forces have pledged to visit every victim of crime after the Home Secretary Jacqui Smith backed the policy. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Rob Povey, a superintendent at Thames Valley Police, said after successfully piloting their "All Crime Attendance" policy, the force would be implementing it in full from January. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • That's a good thing - we're a service, and if people want to see a police officer, we'd do everything we can to do it, even if it wouldn't necessarily do much to solve a crime. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • this may be at the scene of the crime, their home address, place of work, making an appointment at a police station or another suitable alternative arrangement. (telegraph.co.uk)

families


  • A Baltimore-based nonprofit has been awarded a $2 million state grant to assist families impacted by crime in the area. (wbaltv.com)
  • We believe that the primary victim is not the only victim, but that the pain, fear and isolation ripples through families and communities. (wbaltv.com)
  • Victims of crime in San Bernardino County and their families will be honored during the event, scheduled for noon to 1 p.m. at the San Bernardino County Government Center, 385 N. Arrowhead Ave. in San Bernardino. (sbsun.com)

provide


  • It is designed to provide lawful status to noncitizen crime victims who have assisted, are assisting, or are willing to assist the authorities in investigating or prosecuting crimes that were committed against them. (womenslaw.org)

please


  • Please be advised that the interests of the United States may occasionally diverge from your interests as a victim. (justice.gov)

purpose


  • The perpetrator can also be a friend, carer or acquaintance who exploits their relationship with the victim for financial gain or some other criminal purpose. (cps.gov.uk)

violence


  • U visa status (also known as U nonimmigrant status ) was created by the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000. (womenslaw.org)

attend


  • Leicestershire Chief Constable Matt Baggott, the ACPO lead on neighbourhood policing, has also said officers should attend all crime victims after revealing four in ten are not. (telegraph.co.uk)

policy


  • Our own perspective suggests that this policy yields results in terms of crimes solved and victim satisfaction. (telegraph.co.uk)

hear


  • To hear right from victims and see how it changed their lives, they ll understand better. (dailylocal.com)
  • DeSaulnier says he was reading in his backyard when the crime occurred, but didn't hear anything suspicious. (twincities.com)

known


  • The only thing positively known about the Ripper is who his victims were. (crimemagazine.com)

made


  • Though many law enforcement advances had been made by that summer in 1888 and crime scene photographs were generally taken, there still remained the common belief that a photograph of the victim's eyes would reveal the killer in them. (crimemagazine.com)

people


  • The CPS recognises that disabled people, as a group, are at a higher risk of crime than the general population. (cps.gov.uk)

public


  • Officers from Merseyside, Thames Valley, North Wales, Staffordshire and Dyfed-Powys have all told The Daily Telegraph they will visit every victim who requests it in a victory for the law-abiding public. (telegraph.co.uk)