No data available that match "Copying Processes"



*  Patente US5407776 - Toner for developing electrostatic image - Google Patentes

Next, using the copying machine CLC-500, a 20,000 sheet running test was carried out to obtain the results that the image ... Processes for encapsulated toners. US5300386 *. 20 Mar 1992. 5 Abr 1994. Canon Kabushiki Kaisha. Developer for developing ... Using this developer, unfixed images were obtained using a full-color copying machine CLC-500, manufactured by Canon Inc. The ... the energy used in heat melting occupies a reasonably large proportion in a copying machine. In addition, there is a ...
google.es/patents/US5407776?dq=flatulence

*  Patent US3853778 - Toner composition employing polymer with side-chain crystallinity - Google Patents

The resultant developer is used to make 8,000 copies in a Xerox 813 copying machine. The copies, particularly near the ... Dry toners comprising a colorant and graph copolymer comprising a crystalline polymer and an amorphous polymer and processes ... When a high melting point toner is employed in a conventional xerographic copying or duplicating machine, either lower ... The polymeric component of toners for automatic electrostatographic copying and duplicating machines should be both hard and ...
google.com/patents/US3853778?dq=U.S. Patent # 5,723,324

*  US2001031962 INK JET INKS

PRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING. 5. Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for ...
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2002031067

*  Assortative Social Networks and Neutral Cultural Evolution

"We study the voter model and related random-copying processes on arbitrarily complex network structures. Through a ... Whenever this reduction occurs, the details of the network structure and random-copying process affect only a single parameter ... Cultural traits change by random copying, as outlined above. I've plotted the chi-squared statistic for the association between ... in the pure-copying case, this will be a transient effect, since ultimately everyone will share the same opinion. One thing I'm ...
bactra.org/notebooks/neutral-cultural-networks.html

*  Genes | Free Full-Text | The Replication Fork: Understanding the Eukaryotic Replication Machinery and the Challenges to Genome...

Replication processes permit the copying of a single DNA double helix into two DNA helices, which are divided into the daughter ... The two basic processes of DNA replication are unwinding of the template strand and polymerization of the daughter strands. ... In G1 phase of the cell cycle, many of the DNA replication regulatory processes are initiated. In eukaryotes, the vast majority ... Although the enzymatic processes of DNA replication such as unwinding, template generation/stabilization, and daughter strand ...
mdpi.com/2073-4425/4/1/1/htm

*  Pages that link to "Differ" - Biology-Online Dictionary

Copying processes ‎ (← links). *Heterophyllous ‎ (← links). *Anomer ‎ (← links). *Diuretics sulfamyl ‎ (← links). *Antifungal ...
biology-online.org/bodict/index.php?title=Special:WhatLinksHere/Differ&limit=100&from=0

*  Patent US7955690 - Sleeved fuser member - Google Patents

In imaging methods, such as electrostatographic imaging, and recording processes, such as electrophotographic copying, an ... sleeved fuser roller for producing good fusing and high image quality in electrophotographic imaging and recording processes. ...
google.com/patents/US7955690?dq=7,468,661

*  Jim Shapiro continues his misguided attack on neo-Darwinism « Why Evolution Is True

The things that are caused to happen and the copying process are driven simply by chemical processes (which are driven by ... What happens is that there are two processes, called somatic hypermutation and VJ recombination, that take the DNA sequence of ... "descent with modification by natural processes" represents "design without a designer" is fallacious and is adhered to either ... should we not look to it for clues about basic evolutionary processes? ...
https://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2012/04/07/jim-shapiro-continues-his-misguided-attack-on-neo-darwinism/?like=1&source=post_flair&_wpnonce=0619346065

*  Cells and Living processes - Revision Cards in A Level and IB Biology

copying the information carried by the DNA in human each time the cell divides is roughly equivelent to copying out of a full ... Copying and Seperating. in eukaroyotes, the molecules of DNA make up each chromoson are wrapped around proteins called histones ... Cells and Living Processes. Characteristics of living things -. Living organisms share 7 characteristics: movement, respiration ... Metabolic Processes. - enzymes and coenzymes. Some reactions in photsynthesis take place in membranes inside chloroplasts - ...
https://getrevising.co.uk/revision-cards/cells_and_living_processes

*  PHOSPHONIUM CONTAINING PHOTOGENERATING LAYER PHOTOCONDUCTORS - Patent application

... copying and printing processes. REFERENCES [0017]There is illustrated in U.S. Pat, No. 6,913,863, the disclosure of which is ... 0064]A number of processes may be used to mix, and thereafter apply the charge transport layer or layers coating mixture to the ... Processes of imaging, especially xerographic imaging and printing, including digital, and/or color printing are thus ... 0049]Various suitable and conventional known processes may be used to mix, and thereafter apply the photogenerating layer ...
patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20090092914

*  Biology-Online • View topic - Theories - Origin of Life

The reality is that most genetic changes occur as a result of cellular processes in response to stress, damage and copying ... All these processes are under the control and regulation of the cell as it responds to stress and the maintaining of its own ... There are also more mutations in DNA, by orders of magnitude, as a result of regulated cell processes, than those that are ... Random Mutations are the driving force in Darwinian processes. The problem is that you have to rely on such vague terms as " ...
biology-online.org/biology-forum/about14351.html?p=140888&hilit=Divergence

*  Biology-Online • View topic - Theories - Origin of Life

The reality is that most genetic changes occur as a result of cellular processes in response to stress, damage and copying ... All these processes are under the control and regulation of the cell as it responds to stress and the maintaining of it's own ... The DNA copying machinery in eukaryotes usually makes a mistake less than once in every million nucleotides. This incredible ... Random Mutations are the driving force in Darwinian processes. The problem is that you have to rely on such vague terms as " ...
biology-online.org/biology-forum/about14351.html?p=140787&hilit=Hemoglobin

*  Biology-Online • View topic - Theories - Origin of Life

The reality is that most genetic changes occur as a result of cellular processes in response to stress, damage and copying ... are mostly deleterious simply because of the cell's checkpoint and correction processes. These processes ensure integrity to ... All these processes are under the control and regulation of the cell as it responds to stress and the maintaining of it's own ... There are also more mutations in DNA, by orders of magnitude, as a result of regulated cell processes, than those that are ...
biology-online.org/biology-forum/about14351-540.html?hilit=Egg

*  Patent US7115370 - Combinatorial oligonucleotide PCR - Google Patents

The primers are used in any one of a number of template dependent processes to amplify the target-gene sequences present in a ... They are expressed by the process of transcription, which involves copying the sequence of DNA into RNA. Most genes encode ... The molecular basis for numerous biological processes that result in a change in this state is the coordinated transcriptional ... Miniaturizing some of the processes involved in genetic analysis has been achieved using microfluidic devices. For example, ...
google.com/patents/US7115370?dq=6272333

*  Sample Questions for Exam 3 - PDF

The process(es) is (are) preceded by a copying (replication) of the DNA. 20. What happens when T 2 phages are grown in the ... BS50 Exam Review 2. Transcription the copying of information into a strand of RNA with the use of DNA as an alignment guide, or ... BS50 Exam Review 2 Chapter 8 Transcription the copying of information into a strand of RNA with the use of DNA as an alignment ... Chapter VI: DNA Replication: Year III Pharm.D Dr.V. Chitra I. The Molecular Mechanism of DNA Replication The copying process of ...
docplayer.net/21459381-Sample-questions-for-exam-3.html

*  selenium facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about selenium

The miracle of copying. W e sometimes forget what an amazing step forward the invention of the copy machine was. Hundreds of ... Selenium is obtained as a by-product from other industrial processes. For example, when copper is refined, small amounts of ... Even thirty years ago, copying was slow and difficult. For example, carbon paper allowed a person to make one or more copies ...
encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/chemistry/compounds-and-elements/selenium

*  Patent US8832706 - Systems and methods of data storage management, such as dynamic data stream ... - Google Patents

Each of these processes or blocks may be implemented in a variety of different ways. Also, while processes or blocks are at ... Jobs agent 211 may manage and control the scheduling of jobs (such as copying data files) from clients 111 to media agents 112 ... For example, while processes or blocks are presented in a given order, alternative embodiments may perform routines having ... For example, the system may pre-allocate disk space in order to reduce disk fragmentation when copying a number of jobs (data ...
google.ca/patents/US8832706

*  Patent US20060026672 - Security system and method for an industrial automation system - Google Patents

The viewer tool 182 may be used to monitor runtime activity of automation processes or to monitor network health. A graphics ... For example, for recipes, some examples of user-initiated changes that may be displayed are adding steps to a recipe, copying a ... Individual machines or small processes may be monitored. The viewer tool 182 may support trending, alarming, data/activity and ... The real-time data module 154 provides services that transfer high-speed manufacturing data among multiple processes throughout ...
google.com/patents/US20060026672?dq=6,332,126

*  After We Die | HubPages

This essay is merely to give a few ideas to provoke your thought processes to help you to know where you stand. ... Thank you for not copying my article. Please don't copy other people's work. Thank you. , Source ...
https://hubpages.com/religion-philosophy/After-We-Die

*  Patent US3729313 - Novel photosensitive systems comprising diaryliodonium compounds and their use - Google Patents

Multicolor imaging using multiphoton photochemical processes. US20040042937 *. 14 Jun 2001. 4 Mar 2004. Bentsen James G. ... duplicating copying and other imaging systems. See Light Sensitive Systems: Chemistry and Application of Nonsilver Halide ... Multicolor imaging using multiphoton photochemical processes. US7026367. 26 Sep 2003. 11 Apr 2006. 3M Innovative Properties ... Photographic Processes, I. Kosar, J. Wiley and Sons (New York, 1965) pages 158- 193. Sensitizers have been employed to broaden ...
google.co.uk/patents/US3729313

*  Genetic polymorphisms | Physics Forums - The Fusion of Science and Community

This arises through faulty copying of DNA during DNA replication. The replication machinery has numbers of mechanisms for sole ... and has got through the repair processes that try to limit that too). Most of the polymorphism seen has arisen many generations ...
https://physicsforums.com/threads/genetic-polymorphisms.718327/

*  ENG 528: Language Change Research Seminar

... on textual copying Parallels between Biological Evolution and Linguistic Evolution • Recognized as similar processes almost ... Lateral DNA Transfer is much more analogous to language contact processes than traditional Darwinian evolution was • We need to ...
slidegur.com/doc/50405/eng-528--language-change-research-seminar

*  Replication and Reproduction (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

1996), both copying and biofunction are crucial. Copying is quite obviously a causal phenomenon, but not any old causal ... The one property that distinguishes biological processes from most other physical processes is that life is able to reproduce. ... The function of copying is to produce from one token another token which is similar in the relevant respects. Genes fit this ... As another example, what if proteins served as templates for other proteins? We would have copying but nothing that might be ...
https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/replication/

*  Eastern Michigan University: Biology

We use the yeast model system to investigate the fidelity of repair processes at fragile sites, analyze the contribution of ... These genetic changes can be stimulated by stress during replication, the process of copying a cell's DNA. Replication stress, ... in which the copying process is slowed or stalled, causes breaks at particular hotspots known as "fragile sites," and many ...
emich.edu/biology/faculty/casper.php

*  DHQ: Digital Humanities Quarterly: Towards a Rationale of Audio-Text

For audio texts such as recordings of poetry performances, an event-centric description could reshape processes for discovery ... copying, disseminating, and preserving documents [Buckland 1997, 805]. Historically, these concerns have been shared by many ... ARLO uses these spectrograms to model sonic features for machine learning processes including clustering (unsupervised learning ... learning processes - which seemed to offer access to these dynamic aspects of audio textuality - the participants began to ...
digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/10/3/000254/000254.html

No data available that match "Copying Processes"



(1/30) Office equipment and supplies: a modern occupational health concern?

The Helsinki Office Environment Study, a population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Finland in 1991 among 2,678 workers in 41 randomly selected office buildings. The aim was to evaluate the relations between work with office equipment and supplies and the occurrence of eye, nasopharyngeal, skin, and general symptoms (often denoted as sick building syndrome (SBS)), chronic respiratory symptoms, and respiratory infections. Work with self-copying paper was significantly related to weekly work-related eye, nasopharyngeal, and skin symptoms, headache and lethargy, as well as to the occurrence of wheezing, cough, mucus production, sinusitis, and acute bronchitis. Photocopying was related to nasal irritation, and video display terminal work to eye symptoms, headache, and lethargy.  (+info)

(2/30) Library cooperation: wave of the future or ripple?

Little of the literature in library cooperation applies specifically to library service for the health sciences. Based on experience in and observations of the cooperation of health science libraries, this short lecture reviews aspects of general library cooperation, networks, and consortia. The effects on library operation of several cooperative activities are enumerated and cooperation management is discussed briefly.  (+info)

(3/30) Negative effect of photocopier toner on alveolar macrophages determined by in vitro magnetometric evaluation.

Photocopier toner has been implicated in the etiology of some pulmonary diseases. We examined here the in vitro toxicity of toner particles to alveolar macrophages. Cell magnetometry revealed that relaxation was not delayed in macrophages exposed to toner, which represents a rapid decrease in the remaining magnetism emitted by phagocytosed magnetite. However, relaxation was delayed in macrophages exposed to silica (positive controls). The release of intracellular LDH enzyme activity to the extracellular space was negligible in cells exposed to toner compared with negative and positive controls. Morphological examinations by light and electron microscopy revealed no abnormal findings in the exposed cells. A histochemical study using TUNEL staining and the electrophoretic profile of DNA obtained from cells exposed to toner and to silica were negative for apoptosis. The results of the present and other investigations into animal exposure indicate that photocopier toner is toxicologically inert. However, although the present study examined only effects in vitro, exposure to toner should be minimized because lung overloading in animals has been reported.  (+info)

(4/30) Combating omission errors through task analysis and good reminders.

Leaving out necessary task steps is the single most common human error type. Certain task steps possess characteristics that are more likely to provoke omissions than others, and can be identified in advance. The paper reports two studies. The first, involving a simple photocopier, established that failing to remove the last page of the original is the commonest omission. This step possesses four distinct error-provoking features that combine their effects in an additive fashion. The second study examined the degree to which everyday memory aids satisfy five features of a good reminder: conspicuity, contiguity, content, context, and countability. A close correspondence was found between the percentage use of strategies and the degree to which they satisfied these five criteria. A three stage omission management programme was outlined: task analysis (identifying discrete task steps) of some safety critical activity; assessing the omission likelihood of each step; and the choice and application of a suitable reminder. Such a programme is applicable to a variety of healthcare procedures.  (+info)

(5/30) Obtaining journal reprints: the 'dos' and 'don'ts'.

In a search for knowledge, and to expand their own work, scientists and academicians have depended on the work of colleagues with similar interests. While attending conferences enables one to acquire useful knowledge, the information so gained is unlikely to be lasting. Furthermore, many persons learn better by reading than by listening, and reading can be done at one's own convenience. These and many other reasons account for the increasing number of reprints requested by researchers, and in medicine, by practicing clinicians.  (+info)

(6/30) Medicare program; photocopying reimbursement methodology. Final rule.

This final rule increases the rate of reimbursement for expenses incurred by prospective payment system PPS) hospitals for photocopying medical records requested by Quality Improvement Organizations (QIOs), formerly known as Utilization and Quality Control Peer Review Organizations (PROs). We are increasing the rate from 7 cents per page to 12 cents per page to reflect inflationary changes in the labor and supply cost components of the formula. This final rule also provides for the periodic review and adjustment of the per-page reimbursement rate to account for inflation and changes in technology. The methodology for calculating the per-page reimbursement rate will remain unchanged. We are also providing for the payment of the expenses of furnishing photocopies to QIOs, to other providers subject to a PPS (for example, skilled nursing facilities and home health agencies), in accordance with the rules established for reimbursing PPS hospitals for these expenses.  (+info)

(7/30) Copy fees and patients' rights to obtain a copy of their medical records: from law to reality.

Patients have a legal right under HIPAA to a copy of their medical records. Personal life-long medical records rely on patients' ability to exercise this right inexpensively and in a timely manner. We surveyed 73 hospitals across the US, with a geographic concentration around Boston, to determine their policies about fees for copying medical records and the expected time it takes to fulfill such requests. Fees range very widely, from $2-55 for short records of 15 pages to $15-585 for long ones of 500 pages. Times also range widely, from 1-30 days (or longer for off-site records). A few institutions provide records for free and even fewer make them accessible on-line. We argue that electronic records will help solve the problem of giving patients access to their own records, will do so inexpensively and in a format more likely to be useful than paper.  (+info)

(8/30) Office work exposures [corrected] and respiratory and sick building syndrome symptoms.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the relation between exposure to carbonless copy paper (CCP), paper dust, and fumes from photocopiers and printers (FPP), and the occurrence of sick building syndrome (SBS)-related symptoms, chronic respiratory symptoms and respiratory infections. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study with a random sample of 1016 adults, 21-63 years old, living in Pirkanmaa District in South Finland was conducted. This study focused on 342 office workers classified as professionals, clerks or administrative personnel according to their current occupation by the International Standard Classification of Occupations-88. They answered a questionnaire about personal information, health, smoking, occupation, and exposures in the work environment and at home. RESULTS: In logistic regression analyses adjusting for age, sex and a set of other confounders, all three exposures were related to a significantly increased risk of general symptoms (headache and fatigue). Exposure to paper dust and to FPP was associated with upper respiratory and skin symptoms, breathlessness, tonsillitis and middle ear infections. Exposure to CCP increased the risk of eye symptoms, chronic bronchitis and breathlessness. It was also associated with increased occurrence of sinus and middle ear infections and diarrhoea. A dose-response relations was observed between the number of exposures and occurrence of headache. The risk of tonsillitis and sinus infections also increased with increasing number of exposures. All chronic respiratory symptoms, apart from cough, were increased in the highest exposure category (including all three exposures). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides new evidence that exposure to paper dust and to FPP is related to the risk of SBS symptoms, breathlessness and upper respiratory infections. It strengthens the evidence that exposure to CCP increases the risk of eye symptoms, general symptoms, chronic respiratory symptoms and some respiratory infections. Reduction of these exposures could improve the health of office workers.  (+info)



replication


  • Replication processes permit the copying of a single DNA double helix into two DNA helices, which are divided into the daughter cells at mitosis. (mdpi.com)
  • In G 1 phase of the cell cycle, many of the DNA replication regulatory processes are initiated. (mdpi.com)
  • The process(es) is (are) preceded by a copying (replication) of the DNA. (docplayer.net)

random


  • This looks at exactly the kind of random copying dynamic I have in mind, but divides the network into "guilds", in which all members have the same in-degree. (bactra.org)
  • There are also more mutations in DNA, by orders of magnitude, as a result of regulated cell processes, than those that are random in nature. (biology-online.org)

cell


  • The replisome is responsible for copying the entirety of genomic DNA in each proliferative cell. (mdpi.com)
  • Some mutations occur as byproducts of regulated cell processes, yes. (biology-online.org)