Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Game Theory: Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.Altruism: Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.Herpestidae: The family of agile, keen-sighted mongooses of Asia and Africa that feed on RODENTS and SNAKES.Dominica: An island republic of the West Indies. Its capital is Roseau. It was discovered in 1493 by Columbus and held at different times by the French and the British in the 18th century. A member of the West Indies Federation, it achieved internal self-government in 1967 but became independent in 1978. It was named by Columbus who discovered it on Sunday, Domingo in Spanish, from the Latin Dominica dies, the Lord's Day. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)Games, Experimental: Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.Punishment: The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Microbial Interactions: The inter- and intra-relationships between various microorganisms. This can include both positive (like SYMBIOSIS) and negative (like ANTIBIOSIS) interactions. Examples include virus - bacteria and bacteria - bacteria.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Allosteric Regulation: The modification of the reactivity of ENZYMES by the binding of effectors to sites (ALLOSTERIC SITES) on the enzymes other than the substrate BINDING SITES.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Exploratory Behavior: The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Stereotyped Behavior: Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.Nesting Behavior: Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Agonistic Behavior: Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Self-Injurious Behavior: Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.

*  MITACS/MathBiology (and related) Seminars (Year 2003)

Cooperative behavior among unrelated individuals is one of the fundamental problems in biology and social sciences. Reciprocal ... Title: Predicting migratory route and behavior of migratory fishes: A fitness-based approach to the modelling of the juvenile ... In the past few years much research has focused on finding models that display both the scale-free and the small-world behavior ... The model is fitness based and spatially explicit, and it is based on the hypothesis that fish behavior is constrained by the ...

*  GDC Vault

Keep it Together: Encouraging Cooperative Behavior During Co- op Play by Patrick Redding (Ubisoft Toronto) Game Design ... Keep it Together: Encouraging Cooperative Behavior During Co- op Play by Patrick Redding (Ubisoft Toronto) Game Design ... My Avatar: Quantified Self Meets Behavior-Change Games [SGS Health] by BJ Fogg (Stanford University Persuasive Technology Lab) ... Data Analysis on Player Behavior in EVE ONLINE by Eyjolfur Gudmundsson (CCP) Business and Management ...

*  Alumni US | The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas Area

Latin, Classroom Management, Time Management, Lesson Planning, Driving Results, Cooperative Learning, Behavior Management, ... Blooming Prairie Cooperative Distributors 2001 - 2003 North Farm Cooperative 1998 - 2001 Whole Foods Market 1988 - 1998 Skills ... Behavior Management, Behavior Modification, Task Analysis, Life Skills, Sensory Integration, Microsoft Office, Lightroom, ... AutoCAD, Dynamic Soil Structure..., Continuum Mechanics, Fracture Mechanics, Inelastic Behavior of..., Structural Reliability, ...

*  The Automatic Earth: April 17 2011: Bailing Out The Thimble With The Titanic

A copy of George Washington's Rules of Civility & Decent Behavior in Company and Conversation was perched on one corner. "I ... shouldn't have been so cooperative," he says of his dealings with NIFA. "It's a power grab intended to discredit and embarrass ...

*  Why Ethnicity Matters: The Scientific Basis of Ethnic Nationalism - Mindcoolness

Most tribal behaviors like "food sharing, cooperative child care, and mutual exploitation and defence of territory" (p. 30) can ... and in sexual behavior (see J. Philippe Rushton, Race, Evolution and Behavior). ... Social cohesion or solidarity implies a host of positive behaviors, attitudes, and emotions:. *People feel that they belong to ... But when reciprocity is delayed into the distant future or when a conflict between tribes calls for self-sacrificial behavior, ...

*  Search Results - - 17 Results - Digital Library

Children's swinging behaviors develop in a social context. Many early behaviors are acquired through observing and modeling ... pre-kindergarten students during cooperative Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) experiences. Thirty-three pre-kindergarten ... The findings indicate that young children's swinging behaviors develop in eight hierarchical stages. As these behaviors develop ... Language Behaviors and Social Strategies of English as Second Language and English as Primary Language Preschool Children ...

*  Behavior Medicine Flashcards - Cram.com

Study Flashcards On Behavior Medicine at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to ... Behavior. What are five preventable measures for pt who engage in high-risk sexual behaviors? ... cooperative play. imaginary friends. grooms self. brushes teeth Behavior. At what age can a child skip and draw triangles? ... Behavior. Women with anxiety about a gyne exam is told to relax and to imagine going through the steps of the exam.. What ...

*  Bonobo Bliss

... but is it erotic behavior or a greeting gesture that is completely detached from sexual behavior?" ... As I warned in my 1997 book Bonobo: The Forgotten Ape, "All animals are competitive by nature and cooperative only under ... The behavior in question was not exactly altruistic, but very close to the source of all mammalian nurturance. Every spring, ... With regard to bonobo behavior in the field, there are few new discoveries. The DRC has only recently emerged from a bloody ...

*  Other Treatments for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) | Doctors Hospital

Most psychiatrists and behavior therapists believe that a combination of behavior therapy (consisting of ERP) and medication is ... Your family (if involved) is cooperative.. *You attend sessions regularly.. *You finish homework assignments and complete the ... Behavior therapy has been found to have lasting benefits. The best results occur if the following conditions are met:. *The ... Behavioral therapy can help you modify and gain control over your behavior. A technique called exposure and response prevention ...

*  My Science - Blog / Mein Naturwissenschaftsblog: Jordan Peterson on Shame

Conversational Behavior (1) * Cooperative Breeding (1) * Cortisol (1) * Courtship Parasitism (1) * Courtship Receptivity (1) ...

*  Diversity Digest | Volume 10, Number 1 | Checklist from the President's Chair

Encourage the behavior your institution claims to value. Honor students, student organizations, faculty, and staff for their ... Collaborate with other presidents to align your institutions in cooperative endeavors to extend the reach of your service ...

*  War | The Way of Love Blog

Competitive - Cooperative (1) *Concept of God (1) *Concept of God = Our Behavior (1) ...

*  THE CONNECTION BETWEEN NESARA LAW, 9/11, AND FULL GALACTIC DISCLOSURE

Competitive - Cooperative (1) *Concept of God (1) *Concept of God = Our Behavior (1) ...

*  Professor Giorgio Metta - University of Plymouth

Metta G 2010 'CHRIS project: Cooperative human robot interaction systems' Randazzo M, Fumagalli M, Metta G & Sandini G 2010 ' ... Paikan A, Metta G & Natale L 0 'A representation of robotic behaviors using component port arbitration' Author Site PEARL ... Lehmann H, Roncone A, Pattacini U & Metta G 2016 'Physiologically Inspired Blinking Behavior for a Humanoid Robot' 83-93 , DOI ... Metta G & Fitzpatrick P 2003 'Better Vision through Manipulation' Adaptive Behavior 11, (2) 109-128 , DOI ...

*  Library System/Howard University

Apoptotic DNA fragmentation may be a cooperative activity between caspase-activated deoxyribonuclease and the poly(ADP-ribose) ... Mo1586 smoking status, smoking cessation behavior and uptake of colorectal cancer screening among US adults. Gastrointestinal ...

*  Patent US20020194022 - System and method for delivering integrated health care - Google Patents

Cooperative Classification. G06Q50/22, G06F19/366, G06F19/327, G06F19/363, G06F19/3456, G06F19/3418, G06F19/322, G06F19/3487. ... The technology platform incorporates programs such as behavior modification, support groups, disease monitoring, and remote ... Cooperative health care plan and method thereof. US20050076060 *. Jun 2, 2004. Apr 7, 2005. Cemer Innovation, Inc.. System and ... Method of providing an individualized online behavior modification program using medical aids. ...

*  Publications | LASA

Noris, B. (2011) Machine Vision-Based Analysis of Gaze and Visual Context: an Application to Visual Behavior of Children with ... Influence of Facial Feedback During a Cooperative Human-Robot Task in Schizophrenia. Accepted in Nature - Scientific Reports. [ ... Adaptive Behavior, vol. 7: 3/4. [pdf] Billard, A., Ijspeert, A.J. and Martinoli, A. (2000) A multi-robot system for adaptive ... Sauser, E. (2007) Neural Modeling of The Cortical Processes underlying Imitative Behaviors: A Dynamic Neural Field Approach. ...

*  Queen's University Experts | Queen's Gazette | Queen's University

Consumer behavior, marketing Atherton, David L Arts and Science, Physics, Engineering Physics and Astronomy, Department of, ... History and current politics of the New Democratic Party/Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, history and politics of Pierre ... Determinants of urban special structure; Travel behavior of Generation Y Ahmad Ghahreman Engineering and Applied Science, ...

*  Vigabatrin - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses

... any unusual changes in mood or behavior, or the emergence of suicidal thoughts, behavior, or thoughts of self-harm. Behaviors ... In adults and cooperative pediatric patients, perimetry is recommended, preferably by automated threshold visual field testing ... behavior, or thoughts about self-harm. Behaviors of concern should be reported immediately to healthcare providers. ... suicidal thoughts or behavior, and/or any unusual changes in mood or behavior. ...

*  School readiness: Outcome of early childhood development | Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development

The Child Behavior Scale: A teacher-report measure of young children's aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behaviors. ... Behaviours such as whether children work or play among classmates in a manner that is active or passive, cooperative or ... Advances in Child Development and Behavior. In press.. *Gazelle H, Ladd GW. Anxious solitude and peer exclusion: A diathesis- ... Soon after children enter kindergarten, they should be encouraged to take an active and cooperative role in classroom ...

*  NIMH » Director's Report to the 224th National Advisory Mental Health Council Meeting - February 11, 2010

The Director of the former NIMH Division of AIDS, Health and Behavior Research, Ellen Stover, Ph.D., was called on by the NIH ... This FOA, issued by NIMH, solicits Resource-Related Research Project Cooperative Agreement (U24) applications from institutions ... Research results lead to new approaches for reducing risky behaviors and improving health. The OppNet budget is expected to ... His research focuses on the socio-cultural determinants of illness experience, symptomatology, help-seeking behavior, and ...

*  The Promotion of Entrepreneurship in Low Density Regions: The Case of the Agency for the Regional Development of Alentejo ...

... cooperatives, incorporated joint ventures or European economic interest groups". Their objectives are stated in article 4 th : ... normative rules of interpretation and behavior, i.e., institutions are systems of established and embedded social rules that ...

*  Search Results - - 80 Results - Digital Library

A model of bivalve gape behavior based on prediction of behavior using autoregressive techniques was the foundation of the ... This real world problem involves the use of cooperative learning and a variety of assessment techniques. ... In addition, we have shown that Gq and ERK inhibitors are able to block the trypsin pathway and prevent the escaping behavior. ... Not only did this investigation demonstrate the role of trypsin in zebrafish behavior, but also it showed that PAR2 might be ...

*  Eminem angry blonde hardcover * Added 67537251

Baron flavorous even their disunity and cooperative with malice! unwakened and smelliest Tomé perfect his lista de emociones ... Emotion and reason in consumer behavior Blonde eminem angry hardcover. * Eminence kappa 12a review ...

*  Vannevar Bush facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Vannevar Bush

With the help of Oliver Heaviside's operational calculus, he attacked as a dissertation problem the oscillatory behavior of ... Bush hoped to continue the peaceful, co-operative efforts in science and engineering that had characterized the 1920's. ... the program took shape in the 1920's in attempts to deal with the behavior of long-distance transmission lines. In 1925 Bush ... accusing them of un-American behavior in appearing to condemn the wartime director of Los Alamos for his 1949 opinion-that the ...

Document-centric collaboration: Document-centric collaboration is a new approach to working together on projects online which puts the document and its contents at the centre of the process.Humanitarian crisis: A humanitarian crisis (or "humanitarian disaster") is defined as a singular event or a series of events that are threatening in terms of health, safety or well being of a community or large group of people."What Is a Humanitarian Crisis", Humanitarian Coalition, Retrieved on 6 May 2013.Monty the meerkat: Monty the meerkat is a meerkat that made headlines in the mainstream British media in September 2007 for his purported ability to take pictures using a digital camera. The story turned out to be a hoax perpetrated by workers at Longleat Safari Park.Salvia dominica: Salvia dominica (Dominica sage, in Arabic ( Maru = مرو or "Khowwekha" = خويخة ), in (Hebrew: מרווה, marva) is a strong-scented perennial shrub found throughout the eastern Mediterranean, especially JordanField Guide of Wild Flower of Jordan and Neighbouring Countries by Dawud Al-Eisawi Israel,Flowers in IsraelLebanon and Syria. The branched inflorescence is one of several salvias thought to have inspired the design of the menorah.Senorita Stakes: The Senorita Stakes is an American flat Thoroughbred horse race for three-year-old fillies once held annually at Hollywood Park Racetrack in Inglewood, California.PunishmentGenetics of social behavior: The genetics of social behavior is an area of research that attempts to address the question of the role that genes play in modulating the neural circuits in the brain which influence social behavior. Model genetic species, such as D.Allosteric regulationSexual motivation and hormones: Sexual motivation is influenced by hormones such as testosterone, estrogen, progesterone, oxytocin, and vasopressin. In most mammalian species, sex hormones control the ability to engage in sexual behaviours.Interpersonal reflex: Interpersonal reflex is a term created by Timothy Leary and explained in the book, Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality: A functional theory and methodology for personality evaluation (1957).Von Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.Matrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==Matrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.Burst kinetics: Burst kinetics is a form of enzyme kinetics that refers to an initial high velocity of enzymatic turnover when adding enzyme to substrate. This initial period of high velocity product formation is referred to as the "Burst Phase".Reproductive toxicity: Reproductive toxicity is a hazard associated with some chemical substances, that they will interfere in some way with normal reproduction; such substances are called reprotoxic. It includes adverse effects on sexual function and fertility in adult males and females, as well as developmental toxicity in the offspring.Interval boundary element method: Interval boundary element method is classical boundary element method with the interval parameters.
Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Curiosity: Curiosity (from Latin curiosus "careful, diligent, curious," akin to cura "care") is a quality related to inquisitive thinking such as exploration, investigation, and learning, evident by observation in human and animal species. Curiosity is heavily associated with all aspects of human development, in which derives the process of learning and desire to acquire knowledge and skill.Nest (protein structural motif): The Nest is a type of protein structural motif. Peptide nests are small anion-binding molecular features of proteins and peptides.Dog aggression: Dog aggression is a term used by dog owners and breeders to describe canine-to-canine antipathy. Aggression itself is usually defined by canine behaviorists as "the intent to do harm".Dutch profanity: Dutch profanity can be divided into several categories. Often, the words used in profanity by speakers of Dutch are based around various names for diseases.Disinhibition: In psychology, disinhibition is a lack of restraint manifested in disregard for social conventions, impulsivity, and poor risk assessment. Disinhibition affects motor, instinctual, emotional, cognitive, and perceptual aspects with signs and symptoms similar to the diagnostic criteria for mania.Proximity ligation assay: Proximity ligation assay (in situ PLA) is a technology that extends the capabilities of traditional immunoassays to include direct detection of proteins, protein interactions and modifications with high specificity and sensitivity. Protein targets can be readily detected and localized with single molecule resolution and objectively quantified in unmodified cells and tissues.DNA binding site: DNA binding sites are a type of binding site found in DNA where other molecules may bind. DNA binding sites are distinct from other binding sites in that (1) they are part of a DNA sequence (e.Intraguild predation: Intraguild predation, or IGP, is the killing and eating of potential competitors. This interaction represents a combination of predation and competition, because both species rely on the same prey resources and also benefit from preying upon one another.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studying

(1/3452) Viewpoint: public versus private health care delivery: beyond the slogans.

In most settings, a 'public' health service refers to a service which belongs to the state. The term 'private' is used when health care is delivered by individuals and/or institutions not administered by the state. In this paper it is argued that such a distinction, which is based on the institutional or administrative identity of the health care provider, is not adequate because it takes for granted that the nature of this identity automatically determines the nature of the service delivered to the population. A different frame of classification between public and private health services is proposed: one which is based on the purpose the health service pursues and on the outputs it yields. A set of five operational criteria to distinguish between health services guided by a public or private purpose is presented. This alternative classification is discussed in relation to a variety of existing situations in sub-Saharan Africa (Mali, Uganda, Zimbabwe). It is hoped that it can be used as a tool in the hands of the health planner in order to bring more rationality in the current altercation between the public and the private health care sector.  (+info)

(2/3452) The myths of emergency medical care access in the managed care era.

In this paper, we examine the perception that emergency care is unusually expensive. We discuss the myths that have fueled the ineffective and sometimes deleterious efforts to limit access to emergency care. We demonstrate the reasons why these efforts are seriously flawed and propose alternate strategies that aim to improve outcomes, including cooperative ventures between hospitals and managed care organizations. We challenge managed care organizations and healthcare providers to collaborate and lead the drive to improve the cost and clinical effectiveness of emergency care.  (+info)

(3/3452) Outcomes research: collaboration among academic researchers, managed care organizations, and pharmaceutical manufacturers.

Medical and pharmaceutical outcomes research has been of increasing interest in the past 10 to 15 years among healthcare providers, payers, and regulatory agencies. Outcomes research has become a multidisciplinary field involving clinicians, health services researchers, epidemiologists, psychometricians, statisticians, psychologists, sociologists, economists, and ethicists. Collaboration among researchers in different organizations that offer different types of services and various research expertise is the essential element for any successful outcomes project. In this article we discuss collaboration on outcomes research among academic researchers (mainly those who work in colleges of pharmacy), managed care organizations, and research-based pharmaceutical manufacturers, with a focus on the opportunities and challenges facing each party. The pharmaceutical industry needs information to make product and promotion decisions; the managed care industry has data to offer but needs analysis of these data; and pharmacy schools, among other academic institutions, have skilled researchers and data-processing capacity but require projects for revenue, research training, experience, and publications. Challenges do exist with such endeavors, but collaboration could be beneficial in satisfying the needs of the individual parties.  (+info)

(4/3452) The effects of group size and group economic factors on collaboration: a study of the financial performance of rural hospitals in consortia.

STUDY QUESTIONS: To determine factors that distinguish effective rural hospital consortia from ineffective ones in terms of their ability to improve members' financial performance. Two questions in particular were addressed: (1) Do large consortia have a greater collective impact on their members? (2) Does a consortium's economic environment determine the degree of collective impact on members? DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING: Based on the hospital survey conducted during February 1992 by the Robert Wood Johnson Hospital-Based Rural Health Care project of rural hospital consortia. The survey data were augmented with data from Medicare Cost Reports (1985-1991), AHA Annual Surveys (1985-1991), and other secondary data. STUDY DESIGN: Dependent variables were total operating profit, cost per adjusted admission, and revenue per adjusted admission. Control variables included degree of group formalization, degree of inequality of resources among members (group asymmetry), affiliation with other consortium group(s), individual economic environment, common hospital characteristics (bed size, ownership type, system affiliation, case mix, etc.), year (1985-1991), and census region dummies. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: All dependent variables have a curvilinear association with group size. The optimum group size is somewhere in the neighborhood of 45. This reveals the benefits of collective action (i.e., scale economies and/or synergy effects) and the issue of complexity as group size increases. Across analyses, no strong evidence exists of group economic environment impacts, and the environmental influences come mainly from the local economy rather than from the group economy. CONCLUSION: There may be some success stories of collaboration among hospitals in consortia, and consortium effects vary across different collaborations. RELEVANCE/IMPACT: When studying consortia, it makes sense to develop a typology of groups based on some performance indicators. The results of this study imply that government, rural communities, and consortium staff and steering committees should forge the consortium concept by expanding membership in order to gain greater financial benefits for individual hospitals.  (+info)

(5/3452) Barriers to guideline adherence. Based on a presentation by Michael Cabana, MD.

Successful implementation of the Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) should improve quality of care by decreasing inappropriate variation and by disseminating new advances to everyday practice. A key component of this process is physician adherence to JNC-VI guidelines. However several reports in the literature show a discrepancy between hypertension guidelines and actual practice. The factors that influence physician behavior change and optimal use of practice guidelines are poorly understood. A combined model that uses the Awareness-to-Adherence Model and Social Cognitive Theory identifies five sequential steps that lead to adherence to a guideline--awareness, agreement, self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and presence of a cueing mechanism. Barriers to implementation may occur at any of these steps and can be identified with this model. Programs can then be designed to overcome specific barriers. By conceptualizing the underlying issues in physician adherence, the combined model should be useful to guideline developers, practice directors, and health services researchers.  (+info)

(6/3452) Hypertension and managed care. Based on a presentation by Robert P. Jacobs, MD, MBA.

A shift in principles has accompanied the evolution of healthcare delivery from a fee-for-service system to managed care. Managed care organizations have to make decisions on the allocation of healthcare resources that will enhance the care of the entire population. Cost reduction has been a major driver for managed care, but this is increasingly being supplanted by other goals such as increasing the quality of care and the value of health services and providing accountability. As the population ages, management of chronic lifelong illness will pose an increasing challenge. Hypertension is a common chronic illness that, if left untreated, imposes an enormous economic burden on society. These and other aspects of the disease and its management make it eminently suitable for intervention in a managed care setting. Challenges and opportunities exist for disease management initiatives for hypertension in the managed care environment. As health plans enhance their data systems and begin to focus on the long-term benefits of chronic disease management, hypertension will certainly be an early target for intervention and control.  (+info)

(7/3452) Selfish sentinels in cooperative mammals.

Like humans engaged in risky activities, group members of some animal societies take turns acting as sentinels. Explanations of the evolution of sentinel behavior have frequently relied on kin selection or reciprocal altruism, but recent models suggest that guarding may be an individual's optimal activity once its stomach is full if no other animal is on guard. This paper provides support for this last explanation by showing that, in groups of meerkats (Suricata suricatta), animals guard from safe sites, and solitary individuals as well as group members spend part of their time on guard. Though individuals seldom take successive guarding bouts, there is no regular rota, and the provision of food increases contributions to guarding and reduces the latency between bouts by the same individual.  (+info)

(8/3452) Evidence-based nephrology.

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are the best approaches available for summarizing the available evidence concerning the efficacy of therapies. Although the renal field has been slow to use these techniques, they are being used increasingly. In March 1997, the Cochrane Renal Group was formed, and this group aims to produce and maintain up to date systematic reviews of the evidence on the effectiveness of therapies used to treat patients with renal diseases. This group is part of the Cochrane Collaboration which is an international structure grouping collaborators together, with the aim of preparing, maintaining and disseminating systematic reviews of the effects of health care in all areas of medicine.  (+info)



particular

  • The therapist is well trained in the particular behavior therapy that is used. (doctors-hospital.net)

study

  • This study described and explored perceptions of the context and behaviors of seven 4-year-old children whose parents attended a parenting education program. (unt.edu)

treatment

  • If the treatment works, you will gradually experience less anxiety from your obsessive thoughts and you will be able to refrain from compulsive behaviors for progressively longer periods of time. (doctors-hospital.net)