Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Cell Communication: Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP.Animal Communication: Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.Communication Disorders: Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.Health Communication: The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.Communication Aids for Disabled: Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.Nonverbal Communication: Transmission of emotions, ideas, and attitudes between individuals in ways other than the spoken language.Communication Barriers: Those factors, such as language or sociocultural relationships, which interfere in the meaningful interpretation and transmission of ideas between individuals or groups.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Computer Communication Networks: A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Radiology Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.Connexin 43: A 43-kDa peptide which is a member of the connexin family of gap junction proteins. Connexin 43 is a product of a gene in the alpha class of connexin genes (the alpha-1 gene). It was first isolated from mammalian heart, but is widespread in the body including the brain.Hospital Communication Systems: The transmission of messages to staff and patients within a hospital.Interdisciplinary Communication: Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.Communication Methods, Total: Utilization of all available receptive and expressive modes for the purpose of achieving communication with the hearing impaired, such as gestures, postures, facial expression, types of voice, formal speech and non-speech systems, and simultaneous communication.Connexins: A group of homologous proteins which form the intermembrane channels of GAP JUNCTIONS. The connexins are the products of an identified gene family which has both highly conserved and highly divergent regions. The variety contributes to the wide range of functional properties of gap junctions.Professional-Patient Relations: Interactions between health personnel and patients.Communications Media: The means of interchanging or transmitting and receiving information. Historically the media were written: books, journals, newspapers, and other publications; in the modern age the media include, in addition, radio, television, computers, and information networks.Professional-Family Relations: The interactions between the professional person and the family.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Persuasive Communication: A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Tape Recording: Recording of information on magnetic or punched paper tape.Vocalization, Animal: Sounds used in animal communication.Nurse-Patient Relations: Interaction between the patient and nurse.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Telecommunications: Transmission of information over distances via electronic means.Patient Simulation: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.Role Playing: The adopting or performing the role of another significant individual in order to gain insight into the behavior of that person.Teleradiology: The electronic transmission of radiological images from one location to another for the purposes of interpretation and/or consultation. Users in different locations may simultaneously view images with greater access to secondary consultations and improved continuing education. (From American College of Radiology, ACR Standard for Teleradiology, 1994, p3)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Radiology Department, Hospital: Hospital department which is responsible for the administration and provision of x-ray diagnostic and therapeutic services.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Wireless Technology: Techniques using energy such as radio frequency, infrared light, laser light, visible light, or acoustic energy to transfer information without the use of wires, over both short and long distances.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Patient-Centered Care: Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Emergency Medical Service Communication Systems: The use of communication systems, such as telecommunication, to transmit emergency information to appropriate providers of health services.Truth Disclosure: Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Intercellular Junctions: Direct contact of a cell with a neighboring cell. Most such junctions are too small to be resolved by light microscopy, but they can be visualized by conventional or freeze-fracture electron microscopy, both of which show that the interacting CELL MEMBRANE and often the underlying CYTOPLASM and the intervening EXTRACELLULAR SPACE are highly specialized in these regions. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p792)Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Computer Systems: Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.Physician-Nurse Relations: The reciprocal interaction of physicians and nurses.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Data Display: The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.Patient Participation: Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.Technetium: The first artificially produced element and a radioactive fission product of URANIUM. Technetium has the atomic symbol Tc, atomic number 43, and atomic weight 98.91. All technetium isotopes are radioactive. Technetium 99m (m=metastable) which is the decay product of Molybdenum 99, has a half-life of about 6 hours and is used diagnostically as a radioactive imaging agent. Technetium 99 which is a decay product of technetium 99m, has a half-life of 210,000 years.Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.Telemedicine: Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)United StatesManual Communication: Method of nonverbal communication utilizing hand movements as speech equivalents.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Continuity of Patient Care: Health care provided on a continuing basis from the initial contact, following the patient through all phases of medical care.Sign Language: A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Speech Therapy: Treatment for individuals with speech defects and disorders that involves counseling and use of various exercises and aids to help the development of new speech habits.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Gestures: Movement of a part of the body for the purpose of communication.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Local Area Networks: Communications networks connecting various hardware devices together within or between buildings by means of a continuous cable or voice data telephone system.Correspondence as Topic: Communication between persons or between institutions or organizations by an exchange of letters. Its use in indexing and cataloging will generally figure in historical and biographical material.Terminal Care: Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.Quorum Sensing: A phenomenon where microorganisms communicate and coordinate their behavior by the accumulation of signaling molecules. A reaction occurs when a substance accumulates to a sufficient concentration. This is most commonly seen in bacteria.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Acoustics: The branch of physics that deals with sound and sound waves. In medicine it is often applied in procedures in speech and hearing studies. With regard to the environment, it refers to the characteristics of a room, auditorium, theatre, building, etc. that determines the audibility or fidelity of sounds in it. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Language Therapy: Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.Glycyrrhetinic Acid: An oleanolic acid from GLYCYRRHIZA that has some antiallergic, antibacterial, and antiviral properties. It is used topically for allergic or infectious skin inflammation and orally for its aldosterone effects in electrolyte regulation.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Radio: The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)Hospital Information Systems: Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Exosomes: A type of extracellular vesicle, containing RNA and proteins, that is secreted into the extracellular space by EXOCYTOSIS when MULTIVESICULAR BODIES fuse with the PLASMA MEMBRANE.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Empathy: An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Medical Oncology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Paracrine Communication: Cellular signaling in which a factor secreted by a cell affects other cells in the local environment. This term is often used to denote the action of INTERCELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS on surrounding cells.Heptanol: A colorless liquid with a fragrant odor. It is used as an intermediate, solvent and in cosmetics.Medical Errors: Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Patients: Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Isoquinolines: A group of compounds with the heterocyclic ring structure of benzo(c)pyridine. The ring structure is characteristic of the group of opium alkaloids such as papaverine. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Trust: Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Videoconferencing: Communications via an interactive conference between two or more participants at different sites, using computer networks (COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS) or other telecommunication links to transmit audio, video, and data.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Compact Disks: Computer disks storing data with a maximum reduction of space and bandwidth. The compact size reduces cost of transmission and storage.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.Deafness: A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.Advance Care Planning: Discussions with patients and/or their representatives about the goals and desired direction of the patient's care, particularly end-of-life care, in the event that the patient is or becomes incompetent to make decisions.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Inservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Systems Integration: The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)ComputersHealth Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Text Messaging: Communication between CELL PHONE users via the Short Message Service protocol which allows the interchange of short written messages.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Speech-Language Pathology: The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.Cultural Competency: Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Attitude to Computers: The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Palliative Care: Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)Hospitalists: Physicians who are employed to work exclusively in hospital settings, primarily for managed care organizations. They are the attending or primary responsible physician for the patient during hospitalization.Medical Staff, Hospital: Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Patient Handoff: The transferring of patient care responsibility from one health-care professional to another.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Office Automation: Use of computers or computer systems for doing routine clerical work, e.g., billing, records pertaining to the administration of the office, etc.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Disaster Planning: Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.Sex Attractants: Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.Physicians, Family: Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.Gymnotiformes: An order of neotropical electric fish found chiefly in the waters of South America. They continually emit weak electric discharges, which they use in object location and communication. A most popular species of research interest is the electric eel, ELECTROPHORUS electricus.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Operating Rooms: Facilities equipped for performing surgery.Pheromones: Chemical substances, excreted by an organism into the environment, that elicit behavioral or physiological responses from other organisms of the same species. Perception of these chemical signals may be olfactory or by contact.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Octanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of octanol (C8H17OH).Nurses: Professionals qualified by graduation from an accredited school of nursing and by passage of a national licensing examination to practice nursing. They provide services to patients requiring assistance in recovering or maintaining their physical or mental health.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Patient Care: The services rendered by members of the health profession and non-professionals under their supervision.Social Networking: Individuals connecting by family, work or other interests. It also includes connectivity facilitated by computer-based communications.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Microcomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Nursing Staff: Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in an organized facility, institution, or agency.Information Management: Management of the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Remote Consultation: Consultation via remote telecommunications, generally for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of a patient at a site remote from the patient or primary physician.Brain-Computer Interfaces: Instrumentation consisting of hardware and software that communicates with the BRAIN. The hardware component of the interface records brain signals, while the software component analyzes the signals and converts them into a command that controls a device or sends a feedback signal to the brain.Information Systems: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.Technology, Radiologic: The application of scientific knowledge or technology to the field of radiology. The applications center mostly around x-ray or radioisotopes for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but the technological applications of any radiation or radiologic procedure is within the scope of radiologic technology.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Sound Spectrography: The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Voice: The sounds produced by humans by the passage of air through the LARYNX and over the VOCAL CORDS, and then modified by the resonance organs, the NASOPHARYNX, and the MOUTH.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Satellite Communications: Communications using an active or passive satellite to extend the range of radio, television, or other electronic transmission by returning signals to earth from an orbiting satellite.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Group Processes: The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.Multilingualism: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Territoriality: Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Diagnostic Imaging: Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.HomoserineTelephone: An instrument for reproducing sounds especially articulate speech at a distance. (Webster, 3rd ed)Attitude to Death: Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.Office Visits: Visits made by patients to health service providers' offices for diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up.Information Seeking Behavior: How information is gathered in personal, academic or work environments and the resources used.Carbenoxolone: An agent derived from licorice root. It is used for the treatment of digestive tract ulcers, especially in the stomach. Antidiuretic side effects are frequent, but otherwise the drug is low in toxicity.
Head of Communications at Animals Asia Foundation Limited - JobsAsia is now seeking an experienced and skilled Head of Communications to lead the development of their strategic communications ... Head of Communications at Animals Asia Foundation Limited , Jobs Board Animals ... We are seeking an experienced and skilled Head of Communications to lead the development of our strategic communications ... Please quote in application: Head of Communications at Animals Asia Foundation Limited via Pro Bono Australia. ...
Interpersonal Communication Graduate Programs & Graduate SchoolsSearch our comprehensive listing of interpersonal communication graduate programs and select the degree in interpersonal ... Request information from interpersonal communication graduate programs for free on GradSchools.com. ... Communication. The Master of Arts in Communication curriculum focuses on theoretical and applied perspectives of communication ... Communication. The graduate program in Communication involves the study of interpersonal communication in complex systems ...
What are perceptual barriers of communication? | Reference.comPerceptual barriers of communication are internal barriers that occur within a person's mind when the person believes or ... What are the advantages and disadvantages of communication?. A: One of the advantages of communication is that it has the ... Why is interpersonal communication important?. A: Interpersonal communication is important because it helps a person ... How are written communication courses different from English writing courses?. * Q: What are some examples of psychological ...
JMIR-Internet-Delivered Health Interventions That Work: Systematic Review of Meta-Analyses and Evaluation of Website...We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global ... Murray E, Burns J, See TS, Lai R, Nazareth I. Interactive health communication applications for people with chronic disease. ...
Communicator - MeritBadgeDotOrgHow we communicate: Communications - Interpersonal Communications - Telecommunications - p. 174 5. A secret code is in the ... 761564117/Communication.html Communications] - [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communication Interpersonal Communications] - [ ... 16'''. Communications jobs resources from: [http://career.berkeley.edu/communications/Communications.stm Berkley], [http://njca ... Boy Scouts can earn the Communications merit badge. The Webelos Communicator activity badge helps prepare Webelos Scouts for ...
Internal communication issues in a hospital are discussed.communication and innovative ... the relationships with the both internal and external ... health care delivery system. ... The ... Internal communication issues in a hospital are discussed. Add. Remove. An ongoing challenge in the delivery of services to ... routines and ... Finally, formal communication (eg the issuing of orders ... Implementing Solutions for Hospital Readmission ... and included a yes/no signal for communication as per ... in the internal supply chains. (5%). One nurse ... illuminated ...
JMIR-Citations for Pragmatists, Positive Communicators, and Shy Enthusiasts: Three Viewpoints on Web Conferencing in Health...Valaitis RK, Akhtar-Danesh N, Brooks F, Binks S, Semogas D. Online communities of practice as a communication resource for ...
Communication... is a process that involves exchange of information, thoughts, ideas and emotions. Communication is a process that ... Communication * 1. COMMUNICATION Communication is a process that involves exchange of information, thoughts, ideas and emotions ... The process of communication can be broadly classified as verbal communication and non-verbal communication. Verbal ... Paper I , communication assignment. by Deepen Upadhyay 31794 views * COMMUNICATION PROCESS,TYPES,MODES,B... by Sruthi Balaji ...
Desire - Wikipedia... communication tools, communication functions, processes and dysfunctions that constitute the marketing communications process. ... The marketing communication process itself begins with communication functions; at this stage of the process, encoding occurs ( ... Belch, G. E., & Belch, M. A. (2012). Advertising and promotion: An integrated marketing communications perspective (9th ed.). ... Dahlen, M., Lange, F., & Smith, T. (2010). Marketing communications: A brand narrative approach. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & ...
Cell biology... identification and communication are covered in this topic. Suitable for 16-19 students (Key stage 5) ... Cells display complex identification systems on their surfaces, and these act as part of overall cell communication. These ... and both surface identification systems and internal communication cascades can be used as targets for drugs in the battle ...
ITU-T Work ProgrammeThe communications require the identification of a variety of objects ranging from medical practitioners, medical and dental ... This Recommendation is designed to provide wide-area communication in support of health-related activities, where the ... communication can usefully be undertaken as structured messages. It aims to remove the need for medical staff and patients to ... cases interactions between medical staff and patients need to be supplemented by unstructured voice and/or video communication ...
JMIR-Tweetations for Web-Based Virtual Patients in Nursing Education: Development and Validation of Theory-Anchored Design and...Information and Communication on the Internet ...
JMIR-Tweetations for Young Men, Mental Health, and Technology: Implications for Service Design and Delivery in the Digital AgeInformation and Communication on the Internet ...
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 00232470 - New opportunities for interdisciplinary cancer communication.New opportunities for cancer communication presented by the new journal, Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, were ... New opportunities for cancer communication presented by the new journal, Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, were ...
Enabling intra-array communicationOn the Communication tab, on the Intra-Array Communication dialog box, enter the IP address used to communicate with other ... Intra-array communication enables communication between array members on a dedicated network only. ... To configure the intra-array communication, you first need to set up a new intra-array network based on a dedicated network ... The following procedure describes how to enable intra-array communication between array members for an enterprise array in EMS ...
The American Communication AssociationACA is committed to enabling effective use of new and evolving technologies to facilitate communication instruction, research ... is a not-for-profit virtual professional association with actual presence in the world of communication scholars and ... The American Communication Association is a Restricted Group with 1858 members.. *The American Communication Association ... Now my question is- Are Communication Labs able enough to teach Communication(through those set activities) or we require ...
American Medical Communications Events - Current eventsBreakthrough Cancer Pain (BTCP): Key Insights from Patients This presentation will include disease state information on breakthrough cancer pain, its management and insights from patients about their cancer pain journey. THIS IS NOT A CME/CEU EVENT. Consistent with PhRMA guidelines, spouses and guests will not be permitted to attend industry-sponsored …. Register » ...
Mandel Communications - Skills for IT Professionals Blog - $utils.escapeHTML($model.weblog.websiteAssocs.get(0).assocName)This group is dedicated to the art and science of Communication Skills with the goal of becoming an effective communicator. ... Mandel Communications - Tips and Best Practices CandieHurley 2700034G41 , , Tags: communications presentation communication ... Tags: communication_skills finalist_presentations bid_interviews presentation_skills customer_briefings , 2,407 Views ... So that's my story and that's why I joined Mandel Communications. Mandel is committed to helping people look as smart as they ...
PerfectServe is Named in Gartner's Market Guide for Clinical Communication and Collaboration15, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- PerfectServe is Named in Gartner's Market Guide for Clinical Communication and Collaboration. ... Gartner, Market Guide for Clinical Communication and Collaboration, 15 November 2016. Gartner does not endorse any vendor, ... Clinical communication and collaboration (CC&C) systems have gained traction due to the increased use of mobile devices at the ... Gartner's Market Guide clearly defines the clinical communication and collaboration (CC&C) market: "CC&C systems are used to ...
Wiley: Teaching and Training for Global Engineering: Perspectives on Culture and Professional Communication Practices - Kirk St...7.3 Intercultural Communication Pedagogies, 155. 7.4 The Irish Context for Technical Communication and E-Learning, 158. 7.5 The ... Flammia is the co-author of Intercultural Communication: A New Approach to International Relations and Global Challenges. She ... and technological factors to effectively practice international communication in a variety of professional communication arenas ... 4.7 Situating Professional Communication Students in the Glocal, 82. 4.8 Using Linux on the Desktop, 83. 4.9 Conclusion, 87. 5 ...
The United Methodist ChurchPhoto by Paul Jeffrey, United Methodist Communications Photo courtesy of Pexels Image courtesy of NOAA/NASA/CIRA ...
Workplace Communication | HuffPostWorkplace Communication
Dolphin Communication | HuffPostDolphin Communication
Visual Communication - YouTubeThis is the final Video Project for Visual Communication with Rey Rosales. By York Underwood Sponsored by Dairy Queen ... Masters in Media & Communication Arts - Duration: 2:00. Pace University Media, Communications & Visual Arts 626 views ... Visual Communication & Design at Tri-C - Duration: 3:08. Cuyahoga Community College (Tri-C) 1,526 views ... Visual Communication Postmodernism and Pop-Culture how to make a power point about Post modernism - Duration: 11:19. York ...
History of communication studies: Various aspects of communication have been the subject of study since ancient times, and the approach eventually developed into the academic discipline known today as communication studies.Master of Advanced Studies in Interaction Design (MAIND), SUPSIGlossary of communication disorders: This is a glossary of medical terms related to communications disorders such as blindness and deafness.Key word signing: Key word signing is a technique of Simultaneous Communication whereby the communication partner of the user will use both natural speech and also produce signs for the words that carry the most important information.Windsor, J.Dyssemia: Dyssemia is a difficulty with receptive and/or expressive nonverbal communication. The word comes from the Greek roots dys (difficulty) and semia (signal).Foreign branding: Foreign branding is an advertising and marketing term describing the implied cachet or superiority of products and services with foreign or foreign-sounding names.Acknowledgement (data networks): In data networking, an acknowledgement (or acknowledgment) is a signal passed between communicating processes or computers to signify acknowledgement, or receipt of response, as part of a communications protocol. For instance, ACK packets are used in the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) to acknowledge the receipt of SYN packets when establishing a connection, data packets while a connection is being used, and FIN packets when terminating a connection.DR Systems: DR Systems, Inc. is an independent provider of enterprise imaging and information management systems for hospitals, integrated healthcare networks and diagnostic imaging centers.Connexon: In biology, a connexon, also known as a connexin hemichannel or a pannexin channel, is an assembly of six proteins called connexins that form the pore for a gap junction between the cytoplasm of two adjacent cells. This channel allows for bidirectional flow of ions and signaling molecules.Konop v. Hawaiian Airlines, Inc.: Konop v. Hawaiian Airlines, Inc.Persuasions of the Witch's Craft: Persuasion's of the Witches' Craft: Ritual Magic in Contemporary England is a study of several Wiccan and ceremonial magic groups that assembled in southern England during the 1980s. It was written by the American anthropologist Tanya M.Preservation of magnetic audiotape: Preservation of magnetic audiotape involves techniques for handling, cleaning and storage of magnetic audiotapes in an archival repository. Multiple types of magnetic media exist but are mainly in the form of open reels or enclosed cassettes.Song control system: A song system, also known as a song control system (SCS), is a series of discrete brain nuclei involved in the production and learning of song in songbirds. It was first observed by Fernando Nottebohm in 1976 in a paper titled "Central control of song in the canary, Serinus canarius", published in the Journal of Comparative Neurology.Internet organizations: This is a list of Internet organizations, or organizations that play or played a key role in the evolution of the Internet by developing recommendations, standards, and technology; deploying infrastructure and services; and addressing other major issues.Advanced Telecommunication Modules Ltd: Advanced Telecommunication Modules Ltd (ATML) was set up in 1993 by Dr Hermann Hauser and Professor Andy Hopper as a spin-off from the Olivetti Research Laboratory in Cambridge.Murder of Robert Schwartz: The murder of Robert Schwartz occurred on December 8, 2001 in Leesburg, Virginia. The crime was orchestrated by his 20-year-old daughter, Clara Jane Schwartz, as part of a fantasy role-playing game.University Hospitals of the Ruhr-University of Bochum: The University hospitals of the Ruhr University of Bochum, German Universitätsklinikum der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, abbreviated UK RUB is a syndicate of six university hospitals and associated facilities of the Ruhr University of Bochum. Founded in 2008 by the merger of formally independent hospitals the UK RUB is now a major provider of health in the Ruhr Metropolitan Region treating over 400 000 patients per year with a strong commitment to research and teaching.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.Body area network: A body area network (BAN), also referred to as a wireless body area network (WBAN) or a body sensor network (BSN), is a wireless network of wearable computing devices.Developing wireless body area networks standardSana Ullah, Henry Higgins, Bart Braem, Benoit Latre, Chris Blondia, Ingrid Moerman, Shahnaz Saleem, Ziaur Rahman and Kyung Sup Kwak, A Comprehensive Survey of Wireless Body Area Networks: On PHY, MAC, and Network Layers Solutions, Journal of Medical Systems (Springer), 2010.The Final Decision: The Final Decision is an episode from season 1 of the animated TV series X-Men Animated Series.Essex School of discourse analysis: The Essex School constitutes a variety of discourse analysis, one that combines theoretical sophistication – mainly due to its reliance on the post-structuralist and psychoanalytic traditions and, in particular, on the work of Lacan, Foucault, Barthes, Derrida, etc. – with analytical precision, since it focuses predominantly on an in-depth analysis of political discourses in late modernity.Advanced Medical Priority Dispatch SystemEco-Runner Team Delft: Eco-Runner Team DelftInterpersonal reflex: Interpersonal reflex is a term created by Timothy Leary and explained in the book, Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality: A functional theory and methodology for personality evaluation (1957).Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Daniel Kane (linguist): Daniel Kane is an Australian linguist, one of the world's foremost authorities on the extinct Jurchen and Khitan languages and their scripts.Video tape tracking: In a video tape recorder, tracking is a calibration adjustment which ensures that the spinning playback head is properly aligned with the helical scan signal written onto the tape.Online patient education: Online Patient Education also known as Online Patient Engagement is a method of providing medical information and education to patients using Learning Management Systems delivered through the Internet.Evaluation of bariatric Centers of Excellence Web sites for functionality and efficacy.Screen buffer: In computing, a screen buffer is a part of computer memory used by a computer application for the representation of the content to be shown on the computer display.Patient participation: Patient participation, also called shared decision-making, is a process in which both the patient and physician contribute to the medical decision-making process. Under this operating system, health care providers explain treatments and alternatives to patients in order to provide the necessary resources for patients to choose the treatment option that most closely aligns with their unique cultural and personal beliefs.Technetium(IV) chlorideMobile phone radiation and health: The effect of mobile phone radiation on human health is a subject of interest and study worldwide, as a result of the enormous increase in mobile phone usage throughout the world. , there were more than 6 billion subscriptions worldwide.Telecare: Telecare is the term for offering remote care of elderly and physically less able people, providing the care and reassurance needed to allow them to remain living in their own homes. The use of sensors may be part of a package which can provide support for people with illnesses such as dementia, or people at risk of falling.Document-centric collaboration: Document-centric collaboration is a new approach to working together on projects online which puts the document and its contents at the centre of the process.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Upsilon Phi Delta: Upsilon Phi Delta (ΥΦΔ) is the national academic honor society for students in healthcare administration in the United States. The organization was formed in 1965 to further the profession of health administration and the professional competence and dedication of its members.Transitional care: Transitional care refers to the coordination and continuity of health care during a movement from one healthcare setting to either another or to home, called care transition, between health care practitioners and settings as their condition and care needs change during the course of a chronic or acute illness. Older adults who suffer from a variety of health conditions often need health care services in different settings to meet their many needs.Ka'apor Sign Language: Urubu Sign Language (also known as Urubu–Ka'apor or Ka'apor Sign Language) is a village sign language used by the small community of Ka'apor people in the state of Maranhão. Linguist Jim Kakumasu observed in 1968 that the number of deaf people in the community was 7 out of a population of 500.Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities: Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the field of special education. The editors-in-chief are Alisa K.Genetics of social behavior: The genetics of social behavior is an area of research that attempts to address the question of the role that genes play in modulating the neural circuits in the brain which influence social behavior. Model genetic species, such as D.Nod (gesture): A nod of the head is a gesture in which the head is tilted in alternating up and down arcs along the sagittal plane. In many cultures, it is most commonly, but not universally, used to indicate agreement, acceptance, or acknowledgment.Samuel Bard (physician): Samuel Bard (April 1, 1742 – May 24, 1821) was an American physician. He founded the first medical school in New York.Heterogeneous network: A heterogeneous network is a network connecting computers and other devices with different operating systems and/or protocols. For example, local area networks (LANs) that connect Microsoft Windows and Linux based personal computers with Apple Macintosh computers are heterogeneous.The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics: The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics (commonly referred to as The Medical Letter) is a peer-reviewed biweekly medical journal providing evaluations of pharmaceutical drugs. It is published in English, French, and Italian.Professional DiscAcoustics Research InstituteMichael Palin Centre for Stammering Children: The Michael Palin Centre for Stammering Children is a specialist centre for speech and language therapy for the treatment of stammering, located at 13-15 Pine Street,AcetoxoloneList of FM radio stations in Bangalore: There are 14 radio stations in Bangalore.Immersive technologyExosome (vesicle): Exosomes are cell-derived vesicles that are present in many and perhaps all biological fluids, including blood, urine, and cultured medium of cell cultures. The reported diameter of exosomes is between 30 and 100 nm, which is larger than LDL, but much smaller than for example, red blood cells.Parent structure: In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent structure, parent compound, parent name or simply parent is the denotation for a compound consisting of an unbranched chain of skeletal atoms (not necessarily carbon), or consisting of an unsubstituted monocyclic or polycyclic ring system.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingBeef aging: Beef aging is a process of preparing beef for consumption, mainly by breaking down the connective tissue.Salt (cryptography): In cryptography, a salt is random data that is used as an additional input to a one-way function that hashes a password or passphrase.Salts are closely related to the concept of nonce.Biological pathway: A biological pathway is a series of actions among molecules in a cell that leads to a certain product or a change in a cell. Such a pathway can trigger the assembly of new molecules, such as a fat or protein.Simulation theory of empathy: Simulation theory of empathy is a theory that holds that humans anticipate and make sense of the behavior of others by activating mental processes that, if carried into action, would produce similar behavior. This includes intentional behavior as well as the expression of emotions.Standard evaluation frameworkEuropean Society for Medical Oncology: ==About ESMO==Bio Base Europe
(1/4618) Descriptive study of cooperative language in primary care consultations by male and female doctors.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of some of the characteristics of male and female language by male and female primary care practitioners during consultations. DESIGN: Doctors' use of the language of dominance and support was explored by using concordancing software. Three areas were examined: mean number of words per consultation; relative frequency of question tags; and use of mitigated directives. The analysis of language associated with cooperative talk examines relevant words or phrases and their immediate context. SUBJECTS: 26 male and 14 female doctors in general practice, in a total of 373 consecutive consultations. SETTING: West Midlands. RESULTS: Doctors spoke significantly more words than patients, but the number of words spoken by male and female doctors did not differ significantly. Question tags were used far more frequently by doctors (P<0.001) than by patients or companions. Frequency of use was similar in male and female doctors, and the speech styles in consultation were similar. CONCLUSIONS: These data show that male and female doctors use a speech style which is not gender specific, contrary to findings elsewhere; doctors consulted in an overtly non-directive, negotiated style, which is realised through suggestions and affective comments. This mode of communication is the core teaching of communication skills courses. These results suggest that men have more to learn to achieve competence as professional communicators. (+info)
(2/4618) Sending parents outpatient letters about their children: parents' and general practitioners' views.
Parents' cooperation is essential to ensuring implementation of effective healthcare management of children, and complete openness should exist between paediatricians and parents. One method of achieving this is to send parents a copy of the outpatient letter to the general practitioner (GP) after the child's outpatient consultation. To determine the views of parents and GPs a pilot survey was conducted in two general children's outpatient clinics in hospitals in Newcastle upon Tyne. In March and April 1991 a postal questionnaire was sent to 57 parents of children attending the clinics, and a similar questionnaire to their GPs to elicit, respectively, parents' understanding of the letter and perception of its helpfulness, and GPs' views on the value of sending the letters to parents. Completed questionnaires were received from 34(60%) parents and 47(82%) GPs; 26(45%) respondents were matched pairs. 27(79%) parents said they understood all of the letter, 19(56%) that it helped their understanding, 32(94%) felt it was a good idea, and 31(91%) made positive comments. In all, 29(61%) GPs favoured the idea and six (13%) did not. Eleven (23%) said they would be concerned if this became routine practice, and 20(74%) of the 27 providing comments were doubtful or negative; several considered that they should communicate information to parents. The views in the matched pairs were dissimilar: parents were universally in favour whereas many GPs had reservations. The authors concluded that sending the letters improved parents' satisfaction with communication, and they recommend that paediatricians consider adopting this practice. (+info)
(3/4618) AIDS-related policies, legislation and programme implementation in India.
This paper traces the evolution of AIDS-related policy and legislation in India from an initial response characterized by conservatism and discrimination to the development of a coherent national programme which aims to prevent the transmission of HIV and to develop support structures for people with HIV and AIDS. Examining the strategies, achievements and problems of specific components of the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP), the paper finds that the very progressive approach of national-level policy makers has been countered by conservative forces at the state and local levels. Little progress has been made, moreover, in incorporating HIV/AIDS prevention efforts into broader development and empowerment strategies. The paper concludes by considering the wider social context of AIDS in India and the role of more far-reaching policy measures. (+info)
(4/4618) The impact of face-to-face educational outreach on diarrhoea treatment in pharmacies.
Private pharmacies are an important source of health care in developing countries. A number of studies have documented deficiencies in treatment, but little has been done to improve practices. We conducted two controlled trials to determine the efficacy of face-to-face educational outreach in improving communication and product sales for cases of diarrhoea in children in 194 private pharmacies in two developing countries. A training guide was developed to enable a national diarrhoea control programme to identify problems and their causes in pharmacies, using quantitative and qualitative research methods. The guide also facilitates the design, implementation, and evaluation of an educational intervention, which includes brief one-on-one meetings between diarrhoea programme educators and pharmacists/owners, followed by one small group training session with all counter attendants working in the pharmacies. We evaluated the short-term impact of this intervention using a before-and-after comparison group design in Kenya, and a randomized controlled design in Indonesia, with the pharmacy as unit of analysis in both countries (n = 107 pharmacies in Kenya; n = 87 in Indonesia). Using trained surrogate patients posing as mothers of a child under five with diarrhoea, we measured sales of oral rehydration salts (ORS); sales of antidiarrhoeal agents; and history-taking and advice to continue fluids and food. We also measured knowledge about dehydration and drugs to treat diarrhoea among Kenyan pharmacy employees after training. Major discrepancies were found at baseline between reported and observed behaviour. For example, 66% of pharmacy attendants in Kenya, and 53% in Indonesia, reported selling ORS for the previous case of child diarrhoea, but in only 33% and 5% of surrogate patient visits was ORS actually sold for such cases. After training, there was a significant increase in knowledge about diarrhoea and its treatment among counter attendants in Kenya, where these changes were measured. Sales of ORS in intervention pharmacies increased by an average of 30% in Kenya (almost a two-fold increase) and 21% in Indonesia compared to controls (p < 0.05); antidiarrhoeal sales declined by an average of 15% in Kenya and 20% in Indonesia compared to controls (p < 0.05). There was a trend toward increased communication in both countries, and in Kenya we observed significant increases in discussion of dehydration during pharmacy visits (p < 0.05). We conclude that face-to-face training of pharmacy attendants which targets deficits in knowledge and specific problem behaviours can result in significant short-term improvements in product sales and communication with customers. The positive effects and cost-effectiveness of such programmes need to be tested over a longer period for other health problems and in other countries. (+info)
(5/4618) What health plans should know about clinical practice guidelines--round-table discussion.
Quality is the watchword for health plans that wish to survive to see the new century, and accreditation by the National Committee for Quality Assurance is becoming quality's indispensable stamp. Practice guidelines are an imperative for that accreditation. Here's what seven managed care leaders had to say about guidelines in a recent round-table discussion. (+info)
(6/4618) Reducing malpractice risk through more effective communication.
This activity is designed for physicians, health plan administrators, and other providers. GOAL: To help physicians, health plan administrators, and other providers learn more about the relationship between provider communication behaviors and subsequent negligence litigation and learn how to reduce malpractice risk through improving communication behaviors. OBJECTIVES: 1. To describe research findings concerning the relationship between provider communication behaviors and subsequent claims of negligence. 2. To describe the major interviewing deficiencies that have been identified as precipitants of malpractice litigation. 3. To describe three functions of effective interviewing. 4. To describe training and learning methods that can improve provider-patient relationships, leading to improved clinical outcomes and decreased malpractice risk. (+info)
(7/4618) Patients' experience of surgical accidents.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychological impact of surgical accidents and assess the adequacy of explanations given to the patients involved. DESIGN: Postal questionnaire survey. SETTING: Subjects were selected from files held Action for Victims of Medical Accidents. PATIENTS: 154 surgical patients who had been injured by their treatment, who considered that their treatment had fallen below acceptable standards. MAIN MEASURES: Adequacy of explanations given to patients and responses to standard questionnaires assessing pain, distress, psychiatric morbidity, and psychosocial adjustment (general health questionnaire, impact of events scale, McGill pain questionnaire, and psychosocial adjustment to illness scale). RESULTS: 101 patients completed the questionnaires (69 women, 32 men; mean age 44 (median 41.5) years. Mean scores on the questionnaires indicated that these injured patients were more distressed than people who had suffered serious accidents or bereavements; their levels of pain were comparable, over a year after surgery, to untreated postoperative pain; and their psychosocial adjustment was considerably worse than in patients with serious illnesses. They were extremely unsatisfied with the explanations given about their accident, which they perceived as lacking in information, unclear, inaccurate, and given unsympathetically. Poor explanations were associated with higher levels of disturbing memories and poorer adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical accidents have a major adverse psychological impact on patients, and poor communication after the accident may increase patients' distress. IMPLICATIONS: Communication skills in dealing with such patients should be improved to ensure the clear and comprehensive explanations that they need. Many patients will also require psychological treatment to help their recovery. (+info)
(8/4618) A multiple case study of implementation in 10 local Project ASSIST coalitions in North Carolina.
Community health promotion relies heavily on coalitions to address a multitude of public health issues. In spite of their widespread use, there have been very few studies of coalitions at various stages of coalition development. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that facilitated or impeded coalition effectiveness in the implementation stage of coalition development. The research design was a multiple case study with cross-case comparisons. Each of the 10 local North Carolina Project ASSIST coalitions constituted a case. Data collection included: semi-structured interviews, observation, document review, and surveys of members and staff. Some of the major factors that facilitated implementation included: the ability of the coalition to provide its own vision, staff with the skills and time to work with the coalition, frequent and productive communication, cohesion or a sense of belonging on the coalition, and complexity of the coalition structure during the intervention phase. Barriers to effective implementation included: staff turnover and staff lacking community organization skills, dependence on the state-level staff during the planning phase and lack of member input into the action plan. Conflict contributed to staff turnover, reluctance to conduct certain activities and difficulty in recruiting members, all of which had implications for implementation. (+info)
- Info concerning Kutztown University nonverbal communication, and registering for elective lectures and seminars. (kutztownuniversity.org)
- Beyond consideration for Kutztown University nonverbal communication, you may think about Texas A and M University Galveston forum for complementary electives to your primary course of study. (kutztownuniversity.org)
- Words may interfere with the flow of energy between a person and the spirit realm, and other forms of direct nonverbal communication are thought to be superior. (ndnr.com)
- A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction. (mass.edu)
- Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age 3, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. (mass.edu)
- Get the facts about New York City College of Technology nonverbal communication, and registering for discussion sections and departmental seminars. (newyorkcitycollegeoftechnology.net)
- Beyond consideration for New York City College of Technology nonverbal communication, you may think about Northwest Vista College interdisciplinary studies for complementary electives to your primary course of study. (newyorkcitycollegeoftechnology.net)
- Info concerning Ramapo College nonverbal communication, and registering for elective seminars and discussion sections. (ramapocollege.org)
- Beyond consideration for Ramapo College nonverbal communication, you may think about Savannah State MCAT test scores for complementary electives to your primary course of study. (ramapocollege.org)
- Get info about Samuel Merritt University nonverbal communication, and registering for discussion sections and departmental electives. (samuelmerrittuniversity.org)
- Beyond consideration for Samuel Merritt University nonverbal communication, you may think about Barstow Community College ACT code for complementary electives to your primary course of study. (samuelmerrittuniversity.org)
- Beyond consideration for University of Belize nonverbal communication, you may think about Jefferson College Of Health Sciences list of classes for complementary electives to your primary course of study. (universityofbelize.com)
- Social communication challenges can result in far-reaching problems, including difficulties with shared enjoyment, social reciprocity in verbal and nonverbal interactions, play, peer interactions, comprehension of others' intentions, emotional regulation, spoken and written narratives, and literacy skills. (asha.org)
- Nonverbal Communication: Notes on the Visual Perception of Human Relations. (iberlibro.com)
- Nonverbal Communication: Notes on the Visual. (iberlibro.com)
- Find information about Morton College nonverbal communication, and registering for departmental seminars and elective lectures. (mortoncollege.net)
- Beyond consideration for Morton College nonverbal communication, you may think about Carnegie Mellon University changing a grade for complementary electives to your primary course of study. (mortoncollege.net)
- She earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Communication Disorders from Western Kentucky University and a Master of Science degree in Communication Disorders from Western Kentucky University. (wku.edu)
- Caroline has a vast amount of clinical experience in providing intervention services for individuals with communication and swallowing disorders in a variety of professional settings. (wku.edu)
- She serves as the acting clinical director for the Communication Disorders Clinic where she supervises student clinicians in providing speech-language services for individuals with communication disorders. (wku.edu)
- Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) play a critical role in the screening, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of school-age children with social communication disorders. (asha.org)
- Family members, peers, and other communication partners may encounter barriers in their efforts to communicate and interact with individuals with social communication disorders. (asha.org)
- SLPs play a central role in the screening, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of social communication disorders in children. (asha.org)
- advocating for individuals with social communication disorders and their families at the local, state, and national levels. (asha.org)
- In Western culture, verbal communication is highly prized and often goes hand in hand with success. (ndnr.com)
- A lot of people with communication difficulties are using tablet computers such as iPads to help them communicate. (abilitynet.org.uk)
- Therefore, the SLP's role is critical in supporting the individual, the environment, and the communication partner in order to maximize opportunities for interaction and assist in overcoming barriers that might lead to social isolation if left unmitigated. (asha.org)
- Social communication norms may vary significantly across individuals and cultures. (asha.org)
- She specializes in early intervention and has a particular interest in working with feeding issues, language delays, and augmentative and alternative communication devices. (wku.edu)
- and to serve as a clearinghouse and communications center for new programs and services developed for individuals with autism. (mass.edu)
- We cannot advise on standalone Voice Output Communication Aids (VOCA), but can offer help with the use of a PC to support an individuals' communication needs. (abilitynet.org.uk)
- We would always recommend that a specialist assessment should be sought through a speech & language therapist or communication aid centre. (abilitynet.org.uk)
- A communication aid is anything that helps an individual communicate more effectively with those around them. (abilitynet.org.uk)
- Selecting the right communication aid for an individual will depend on many factors such as their method of access and personal preferences. (abilitynet.org.uk)
- It is not essential for the user to be able to read text in order to use a communication aid. (abilitynet.org.uk)