Cognitive Reserve: Capacity that enables an individual to cope with and/or recover from the impact of a neural injury or a psychotic episode.Prodromal Symptoms: Clinical or physiological indicators that precede the onset of disease.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Memory, Episodic: Type of declarative memory, consisting of personal memory in contrast to general knowledge.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Multilingualism: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Leisure Activities: Voluntary use of free time for activities outside the daily routine.ReadingIndividuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.

*  Treating Heart Disease Risk Factors May Slow Alzheimer's Disease Progression - Drugs.com MedNews
Late Life Weight Loss and Motivational Reserve May Also Affect Alzheimer s Risk - A new study suggests that treating risk ... "Motivational Reserve" Is A New Concept Complementing Cognitive Reserve. The idea of "cognitive reserve" is that the brains of ... Finally, a team of scientists has developed a new concept called "motivational reserve," similar to "cognitive reserve," that ... Funders: National Institute on Aging) -- Simon Forstmeier - Motivational Reserve: A New Concept Complementing Cognitive Reserve ...
  https://www.drugs.com/clinical_trials/treating-heart-risk-factors-may-slow-alzheimer-s-progression-1255.html
*  9781442220492 - Building an Ageless Mind
5: What is Cognitive Reserve and how important is it in maintaining a healthy brain? Section #2-Aging and Disease 6: ... Cognitive enhancements-Are there medications available that can affect my cognitive performance? What is the role of this type ... Introduction Section #1- Cognitive Stimulation 1: The Brain Age 2: What does the front of my brain do and why is it important ... Aging populations face many other issues involving cognitive decline. Building an Ageless Mind offers practical solutions, ...
  https://www.wisepress.com/ebooks/building-an-ageless-mind/
*  Cognitive disease: what impacts our brain power? | Nouse
Was this their "cognitive reserve"? Although there is no definite answer, a team of researchers have found that people who are ... The theory of cognitive reserve is hardly recent; findings from a 1992 study implied that patients who suffered from ... If you want to boost your own cognitive reserve, try mental gymnastics; whether that be through learning to play an instrument ... The theory has been described by scientists as "cognitive reserve". This theory suggests that detrimental effects of aging and ...
  http://www.nouse.co.uk/2015/11/29/cognitive-disease-what-impacts-our-brain-power/
*  Brain games: A great defense against Alzheimer's
Here's how brain games can increase your cognitive reserve and potentially ward off the brain-degenerating disease. ... The importance of Cognitive Reserve. Cognitive reserve is a term that describes your brain's resilience to neuropathological ... A well rounded approach of treating your body right, keeping yourself physically healthy, and building your cognitive reserve ... hindering any improvement in your cognitive reserve). Brain games should challenge you to perform at your peak at all times, ...
  http://www.sheknows.com/health-and-wellness/articles/815527/brain-games-a-great-defense-against-alzheimer-s-1
*  Impact of Neuroprotection on Incidence of Alzheimer's Disease
These results suggest that public health policies aimed at increasing the cognitive reserve in the general population (e.g., ... Most remarkably, a 5% increase in the cognitive reserve would prevent one third of Alzheimer's cases. ... It was found that the number of basic cognitive units decreases with age, but levels off in older people. There were no gender ... Using a simple mathematical regression model, it is shown here that age-specific counts of basic cognitive units (surrogate of ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0000052
*  The influence of late-life university education on age-related cognitive decline and cognitive reserve : The Tasmanian Healthy...
age-related cognitive decline; cognitive reserve; aging; education; trajectory; neuropsychological; cognition;. Copyright ... Thow, ME (2015) The influence of late-life university education on age-related cognitive decline and cognitive reserve : The ... The influence of late-life university education on age-related cognitive decline and cognitive reserve : The Tasmanian Healthy ... The aim of this thesis was to examine the effect of late-life education on cognitive reserve (CR), cognitive functioning; and ...
  https://eprints.utas.edu.au/23247/
*  Multiple Sclerosis Research: #ThinkSpeak: unrelated comments as a forum for change
Unfortunately, MS reduces both brain and cognitive reserve and brings ageing forward in time. Alemtuzumab like all other DMTs ... What protects us from age-related neurodegeneration is brain and cognitive reserve. ... My next focus is to ensure I go into old age as well prepared as I can, given that MS took away some of my reserve. Thanks ...
  http://multiple-sclerosis-research.blogspot.com/2017/01/thinkspeak-unrelated-comments-as-forum.html
*  Cognitive Reserve: Theory and Applications (e-Book) - Routledge
Underlying cognitive reserve is the idea that individual differences in how cognitive tasks… ... Cognitive reserve has emerged as a powerful concept for interpreting individual differences in susceptibility to, and recovery ... Yaakov Stern, The Concept of Cognitive Reserve: A Catalyst for Research. Joseph H. Lee,Understanding Cognitive Reserve through ... Yaakov Stern, Imaging Cognitive Reserve. Cheryl L. Grady, Cognitive Reserve in Healthy Aging and Alzheimer Disease: Evidence ...
  https://www.routledge.com/Cognitive-Reserve-Theory-and-Applications/Stern/p/book/9780203783047
*  What is cognitive reserve? - Harvard Health
You can think of cognitive reserve as your brain's… ... understanding of cognitive health is known as cognitive reserve ... What is cognitive reserve? An important concept that is crucial to the understanding of cognitive health is known as cognitive ... Therefore, an important goal is to build and sustain your cognitive reserve. You can get a rough idea of your cognitive reserve ... Cognitive reserve is developed by a lifetime of education and curiosity to help your brain better cope with any failures or ...
  https://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/what-is-cognitive-reserve
*  Cognitive reserve - Wikipedia
Cognitive reserve is commonly used to refer to both brain and cognitive reserves in the literature. In 1988 a study published ... There are two models that can be used when exploring the concept of "reserve": brain reserve and cognitive reserve. These terms ... The theory of cognitive reserve explains this phenomenon. People with high reserve go undiagnosed until damage is severe, then ... Cognitive reserve can be estimated clinically as it is effectively general cognitive ability and knowledge. The variables that ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_reserve
*  Cognitive Protection - Dexmedetomidine and Cognitive Reserve - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Cognitive Protection - Dexmedetomidine and Cognitive Reserve. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Cognitive Testing [ Time Frame: prior to surgery ]. *Cognitive Testing [ Time Frame: 3 months post surgery ]. *Cognitive ... Postoperative Delirium PD Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction POCD Drug: Precedex (Dexmedetomidine) Phase 4 ... Cognitive Dysfunction. Confusion. Neurobehavioral Manifestations. Neurologic Manifestations. Nervous System Diseases. Signs and ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00455143
*  Perioperative Cognitive Function - Dexmedetomidine and Cognitive Reserve - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Perioperative Cognitive Function - Dexmedetomidine and Cognitive Reserve. Official Title ICMJE Perioperative Cognitive Function ... Perioperative Cognitive Function - Dexmedetomidine and Cognitive Reserve. The safety and scientific validity of this study is ... Based on both the concept of cognitive reserve as well as clinical experience, there is concern that patients with preoperative ... Dexmedetomidine and Cognitive Reserve. Brief Summary Elderly patients who undergo anesthesia and non-cardiac surgery are ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT00561678
*  Perioperative Cognitive Function - Dexmedetomidine and Cognitive Reserve - Study Results - ClinicalTrials.gov
Perioperative Cognitive Function - Dexmedetomidine and Cognitive Reserve. This study has been completed. ... Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) [Units: Participants]. Count of Participants 124 122 246 ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/results/NCT00561678
*  The impact of employment on cognition and cognitive reserve: implicati | NRR
All of these can directly or indirectly bolster cognitive reserve, which may protect cognitive health, especially as one ages. ... This article examines these issues within the framework of neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve, thus providing implications ... which could limit employment-induced cognitive health benefits. ... The impact of employment on cognition and cognitive reserve: ... All of these can directly or indirectly bolster cognitive reserve, which may protect cognitive health, especially as one ages. ...
  https://www.dovepress.com/the-impact-of-employment-on-cognition-and-cognitive-reserve-implicatio-peer-reviewed-article-NRR
*  Blood Test Predicts Cognitive Decline, and "Cognitive Reserve" Protects Against That Decline, Study Shows | UC San Francisco
... were associated with the risk of significant cognitive decline within nine years in a group of elders, in a study led by ... Blood Test Predicts Cognitive Decline, and 'Cognitive Reserve' Protects Against That Decline, Study Shows. By Steve Tokar on ... Home > UCSF News Center > Blood Test Predicts Cognitive Decline, and 'Cognitive Reserve' Protects Against That Decline, Study ... would be helpful in reducing risk of cognitive decline. "Can you increase cognitive reserve?" asked Yaffe. "We think so. It's ...
  https://www.ucsf.edu/news/2011/01/8406/blood-test-predicts-cognitive-decline-and-cognitive-reserve-protects-against
*  PRIME PubMed | Cognitive reserve as a predictor of two year neuropsychological performance in early onset first-episode...
PubMed journal article Cognitive reserve as a predictor of two year neuropsychological performance in early onset first-episode ... Cognitive Reserve. Factor Analysis, Statistical. Female. Humans. Linear Models. Longitudinal Studies. Male. Memory, Short-Term ... The concept of cognitive reserve (CR) has been defined as individual differences in the efficient utilization of brain networks ... Cognitive reserve as a predictor of two year neuropsychological performance in early onset first-episode schizophrenia.. ...
  https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23182439/Cognitive_reserve_as_a_predictor_of_two_year_neuropsychological_performance_in_early_onset_first_episode_schizophrenia_
*  Kessler Foundation receives grant to study cognitive reserve in traumatic br... ( West Orange NJ. November 29 2011. D...)
... cognitive,reserve,in,traumatic,brain,injury,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical ... The study is based on the theory of cognitive reserve ie that people... We anticipate that knowledge gained from this study ... Denise Krch PhD and James Sumow...The study is based on the theory of cognitive reserve ie that people... We anticipate that ... The study is based on the theory of cognitive reserve, ie, that people who have mentally active lifestyles are less likely to ...
  http://www.bio-medicine.org/medicine-news-1/Kessler-Foundation-receives-grant-to-study-cognitive-reserve-in-traumatic-brain-injury-87351-1/
*  Health Is Wealth: COGNITIVE RESERVE
Therefore, an important goal is to build and sustain your cognitive reserve. You can get a rough idea of your cognitive reserve ... and that is cognitive reserve. You can think of cognitive reserve as your brain's ability to improvise and find alternate ways ... What is cognitive reserve?. Image: Bigstock. There is one more concept that is crucial to the understanding of cognitive health ... Cognitive reserve is developed by a lifetime of education and curiosity to help your brain better cope with any failures or ...
  http://sury-healthiswealth.blogspot.in/2017/06/cognitive-reserve.html
*  Meta-analysis of Correlation between Cognitive-linguistic Ability and Cognitive Reserve in Normal Aging | Korea Science
Cognitive Reserve;Normal Aging;Cognitive-linguistic Abilities;Meta-analysis; ... Meta-analysis of Correlation between Cognitive-linguistic Ability and Cognitive Reserve in Normal Aging - ... Meta-analysis of Correlation between Cognitive-linguistic Ability and Cognitive Reserve in Normal Aging. Lee, Mi-Sook; ... E. Giogkaraki, M. P. Michaelides, and F. Constantinidou, "The role of cognitive reserve in cognitive aging: results from the ...
  http://www.koreascience.or.kr/article/ArticleFullRecord.jsp?cn=CCTHCV_2015_v15n11_359
*  Cognitive reserve and the risk for Alzheimer's disease: a longitudinal study : Sussex Research Online
Cognitive reserve; a-MCI; AD; Relative risk; MTA; White matter lesions. Schools and Departments:. Brighton and Sussex Medical ... This study investigates how cognitive reserve (CR) interacts with neurodegeneration (quantified by medial temporal atrophy, MTA ... Cognitive reserve and the risk for Alzheimer's disease: a longitudinal study. Neurobiology of Aging, 36 (2). pp. 592-600. ISSN ... The patients' risk for conversion to AD because of CR was estimated by controlling for cognitive efficiency, MTA, and WMLs at ...
  http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/54569/
*  A reassessment of sexual dimorphism in human senescence: Theory, evidence, and causation. The aging brain: The cognitive...
The aging brain: The cognitive reserve hypothesis and hominid evolution ... A clinical model, 'the cognitive reserve hypothesis', proposes that both increased brain volume and enhanced cognitive ability ... The aging brain: The cognitive reserve hypothesis and hominid evolution. Article Abstract:. A study in an attempt to reconcile ...
  http://www.readabstracts.com/Biological-sciences/A-reassessment-of-sexual-dimorphism-in-human-senescence-Theory-evidence-and-causation.html
*  The effects of cognitive reserve and apolipoprotein E on healthy cognitive function | USC Research Bank - University of the...
... cognitive reserve has also been used to predict cognitive function in the face of normal age-related cognitive ageing, with ... and cognitively stimulating lifestyle activities are described through the theory of cognitive reserve, which are the ... cognitive reserve has also been used to predict cognitive function in the face of normal age-related cognitive ageing, with ... The effects of cognitive reserve and apolipoprotein E on healthy cognitive function. Author/Creator. Ward, David , Summers, ...
  http://research.usc.edu.au/vital/access/manager/Repository/usc:18933
*  Multiple Sclerosis Research: Clinic speak: brain reserve and cognitive decline
Brain reserve and cognitive reserve protect against cognitive decline over 4.5 years in MS. Neurology. 2014 Apr. ... MLBG (brain reserve) was estimated with intracranial volume; intellectual enrichment (cognitive reserve) was estimated with ... OBJECTIVE: Based on the theories of brain reserve and cognitive reserve, we investigated whether larger maximal lifetime brain ... CONCLUSION: We provide longitudinal support for theories of brain reserve and cognitive reserve in MS. Larger MLBG protects ...
  http://multiple-sclerosis-research.blogspot.com/2014/04/clinic-speak-brain-reserve-and.html
*  Hydroxyapatite Crystal-Induced
All rights reserved.. No sponsor or advertiser has participated in, approved or paid for the content provided by Decision ... Computerized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Can Be Effective in Mood and Anxiety Disorders ... All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in any form without prior ... Goal-Oriented Cognitive Rehabilitation vs As-Usual Care Outcomes in Parkinson Disease ...
  https://www.psychiatryadvisor.com/rheumatology/hydroxyapatite-crystal-induced/article/626340/

Lawn sweeper: A lawn sweeper, also known as a leaf sweeper, is a garden tool for the mechanical removal of debris, such as fallen leaves, pine needles, twigs, grass clippings or litter, from a lawn or paved area. Lawn sweepers operate via a rotating brush mechanism that sweeps up the debris and deposits it in a collection hopper for disposal.Postoperative cognitive dysfunction: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a short-term decline in cognitive function (especially in memory and executive functions) that may last from a few days to a few weeks after surgery. In rare cases, this disorder may persist for several months after major surgery.Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status is a neuropsychological assessment initially introduced in 1998. It consists of ten subtests which give five scores, one for each of the five domains tested (immediate memory, visuospatial/constructional, language, attention, delayed memory).Cognitive skill: Cognitive functioning is a term referring to a human’s ability to process to (thoughts) that should not deplete on a large scale in healthy individuals. Cognition mainly refers to things like memory, the ability to learn new information, speech, understanding of written material.Time-Based Prospective Memory: Time-based prospective memory is a type of prospective memory in which remembrance is triggered by a time-related cue that indicates that a given action needs to be performed. An example is remembering to watch a television program at 3 p.Neuroscience of multilingualism: Various aspects of multilingualism have been studied in the field of neurology. These include the representation of different language systems in the brain, the effects of multilingualism on the brain's structural plasticity, aphasia in multilingual individuals, and bimodal bilinguals (people who can speak one sign language and one oral language).Evolution of human intelligence: The evolution of human intelligence refers to a set of theories that attempt to explain how human intelligence has evolved and are closely tied to the evolution of the human brain and to the origin of language.Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative: Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) is a worldwide project that provides reliable clinical data for the research of pathology principle, prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Multiple research groups contribute their findings of the biological markers to the understanding of the progression of Alzheimer’s disease in the human brain.Testicular atrophy: Testicular atrophy is a medical condition in which the male reproductive organs (the testes, which in humans are located in the scrotum) diminish in size and may be accompanied by loss of function. This does not refer to temporary changes, such as those brought on by cold.Familial British dementia: Familial British dementia is a form of dementia. It was first reported by Cecil Charles Worster-Drought in 1933 and is therefore also known as Worster-Drought syndrome.Spalding Method

(1/57) Prominent hippocampal CA3 gene expression profile in neurocognitive aging.

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(2/57) White matter hyperintensities and cognition: testing the reserve hypothesis.

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(3/57) IQ trajectory, cognitive reserve, and clinical outcome following a first episode of psychosis: a 3-year longitudinal study.

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(4/57) Cognitive reserve and brain volumes in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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(5/57) Delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease: bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserve.

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(6/57) Intracranial volume and dementia: some evidence in support of the cerebral reserve hypothesis.

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(7/57) Cognitive reserve in aging.

Cognitive reserve explains why those with higher IQ, education, occupational attainment, or participation in leisure activities evidence less severe clinical or cognitive changes in the presence of age-related or Alzheimer's disease pathology. Specifically, the cognitive reserve hypothesis is that individual differences in how tasks are processed provide reserve against brain pathology. Cognitive reserve may allow for more flexible strategy usage, an ability thought to be captured by executive functions tasks. Additionally, cognitive reserve allows individuals greater neural efficiency, greater neural capacity, and the ability for compensation via the recruitment of additional brain regions. Taking cognitive reserve into account may allow for earlier detection and better characterization of age-related cognitive changes and Alzheimer's disease. Importantly, cognitive reserve is not fixed but continues to evolve across the lifespan. Thus, even late-stage interventions hold promise to boost cognitive reserve and thus reduce the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and other age-related problems.  (+info)

(8/57) Association of plasma beta-amyloid level and cognitive reserve with subsequent cognitive decline.

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  • significant cognitive
  • Low blood levels of beta-amyloid 42, a protein-like substance, were associated with the risk of significant cognitive decline within nine years in a group of elders, in a study led by Kristine Yaffe, MD, chief of geriatric psychiatry at the San Francisco VA Medical Center. (ucsf.edu)
  • Research on executive functions such as working memory, perception, and attentional and inhibitory control, has suggested that bilinguals can benefit from significant cognitive advantages over monolingual peers in various settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • deficits
  • Although we already knew a mother's alcohol use during her pregnancy may cause cognitive deficits, what is significant is that the early marker, not previously available, predicted this, establishing the predictive validity of FAEEs for determining alcohol exposure in utero" Min said. (healthcanal.com)
  • There is converging evidence from cognitive neuroscientists around the world that age-induced cognitive deficits may not be due to neuronal loss or cell death, but rather may be the result of small region-specific changes to the morphology of neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • These individuals did not show symptoms of the disease while they were alive because they had a large enough cognitive reserve to offset the damage and continue to function as usual. (harvard.edu)
  • A more robust cognitive reserve can also help you function better for longer if you're exposed to unexpected life events, such as stress, surgery, or toxins in the environment. (harvard.edu)
  • There was no influence of genetic factors (APOE ε4 or BDNF Val66Met) on cognitive function over time or on intervention response. (edu.au)
  • Depression and anxiety affects cognitive function. (blogspot.com)
  • In the last decade there is a growing body of scientific research that suggests that there are ways you can enhance brain function and increase this reserve. (sheknows.com)
  • An interesting new paper which suggests that the fact that human brain function does not decline at least up to 60 years of age, i.e., long after reproductive age, may be linked to the higher inclusive fitness of old individuals who are able to maintain a good cognitive function. (blogspot.com)
  • Theories that posit the importance (in an inclusive fitness sense) of the survival of older individuals require them to maintain a reasonably high level of cognitive function (e.g., memory, communication). (blogspot.com)
  • Research has studied how a bilingual individual's first language (L1) and second language (L2) interact, and it has been shown that both languages have an influence on the function of one another, and on cognitive function outside of language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Executive function is the domain of high-level cognitive processes that assist in goal-oriented tasks, such as problem solving, mental flexibility, attentional control, inhibitory control, and task switching. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence
  • Chapters explore the theoretical underpinnings of cognitive reserve, and evidence for its existence. (routledge.com)
  • Cheryl L. Grady , Cognitive Reserve in Healthy Aging and Alzheimer Disease: Evidence for Compensatory Reorganization of Brain Networks. (routledge.com)
  • Evidence from a twin study indicates a genetic contribution to cognitive functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study provides evidence-based information to support cognitive-linguistic ability in normal aging. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Laura Fay is the CEO of HAPPYneuron, a company dedicated to improving cognitive health vitality and ability through evidence based products for individuals, cognitive therapy professionals, and employers. (sheknows.com)
  • However, there is significant evidence that playing certain types of brain games contribute to building up your cognitive reserve. (sheknows.com)
  • Evidence in support of this idea from animal work has also suggested that this cognitive deficit is due to functional and biochemical factors such as changes in enzymatic activity, chemical messengers, or gene expression in cortical circuits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beyond this general advantage to cognitive development seen in bilinguals, there is remarkable evidence for an advantage regarding executive control in particular - specifically in cases where multiple components of this executive control is required for perform a task. (wikipedia.org)
  • A systematic review of studies carried out between 1999 and 2012 found that the evidence for cognitive advantages is mixed and that reporting may be subject to publication bias, which has therefore given a distorted view of the evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuropsychology
  • We anticipate that knowledge gained from this study will enable us to better predict which individuals with brain injury are at risk for cognitive decline," said Nancy Chiaravalloti, PhD, director of Neuropsychology and Neuroscience Research at Kessler Foundation, "and develop strategies that reduce their risk for cognitive problems. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Sending your grandparents to university increases cognitive reserve: the Tasmanian Healthy Brain Project, Neuropsychology, 30(5), 525-531. (edu.au)
  • M. M. Glymour and J. J. Manly, "Lifecourse social conditions and racial and ethnic patterns of cognitive aging," Neuropsychology Review, Vol.18, pp.223-254, 2008. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • She has an international reputation in the fields of cognitive psychopharmacology, neuroethics, neuropsychology, neuropsychiatry and neuroimaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • efficiency
  • The patients' risk for conversion to AD because of CR was estimated by controlling for cognitive efficiency, MTA, and WMLs at baseline. (sussex.ac.uk)
  • Forty MSers underwent baseline and 4.5-year follow-up evaluations of cognitive efficiency (Symbol Digit Modalities Test, Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task) and memory (Selective Reminding Test, Spatial Recall Test). (blogspot.com)
  • MS disease progression was more negatively associated with change in cognitive efficiency and memory among MSers with lower vs higher MLBG and intellectual enrichment. (blogspot.com)
  • cope
  • Underlying cognitive reserve is the idea that individual differences in how cognitive tasks are mediated in the brain allow some people to cope with pathology to a greater degree than others. (routledge.com)
  • Furthermore, those with higher capacity once they become clinically impaired show more rapid decline, probably indicating a failure of all compensatory systems and strategies put in place by the individual with greater reserve to cope with the increasing neuropathological damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of cognitive reserve (CR) has been defined as individual differences in the efficient utilization of brain networks which allow some people to cope better than others with brain pathology. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Research
  • Yaakov Stern , The Concept of Cognitive Reserve: A Catalyst for Research. (routledge.com)
  • This article examines these issues within the framework of neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve, thus providing implications for practice and research for nurses and health care professionals. (dovepress.com)
  • Relationship between education and age-related cognitive decline: a review of recent research, Psychogeriatrics, 15(2), 154-162, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyg.12083 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving. (edu.au)
  • We wanted to see if there was a connection between FAEE level and their cognitive development during childhood and adolescence-and there was," said Meeyoung O. Min, PhD, research assistant professor at the Mandel School and the study's lead researcher. (healthcanal.com)
  • The research is part of the ongoing Project Newborn study, a longitudinal research project funded by the National Institutes of Health's National Institute on Drug Abuse that has followed the physical, social and cognitive developments of babies born to mothers who used cocaine, alcohol and other drugs during their pregnancies. (healthcanal.com)
  • Research on humans suggests that lack of stimulation delays and impairs cognitive development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research also finds that attaining and engaging in higher levels of education, environments in which people participate in more challenging cognitively stimulating activities, results in greater cognitive reserve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cognitive epidemiology is a field of research that examines the associations between intelligence test scores (IQ scores or extracted g-factors) and health, more specifically morbidity (mental and physical) and mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sahakian's research is aimed at understanding the neural basis of cognitive, emotional and behavioural dysfunction to develop more effective pharmacological and psychological treatments. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Possible genetic and physiologic underpinnings of cognitive reserve are presented. (routledge.com)
  • Joseph H. Lee ,Understanding Cognitive Reserve through Genetics and Genetic Epidemiology. (routledge.com)
  • Method: A sample of 459 participants aged 50-79 years (M = 60.24, SD = 6.75) enrolled in the first four years of the THBP, provided salivary samples for genetic analysis and completed comprehensive annual cognitive assessments. (edu.au)
  • Study
  • A study combining twin and adoption studies found all cognitive functions to be heritable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kessler Foundation receives grant to study cognitive reserve in traumatic br. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The study was among the first to examine an association between FAEEs in meconium and cognitive development during childhood and adolescence. (healthcanal.com)
  • A study of one million Swedish men found showed "a strong link between cognitive ability and the risk of death. (wikipedia.org)
  • In another study, AN participants were found to have less ability to concentrate in the presence of explicit distractors, as well as to have a conscious cognitive bias towards illness-related words. (wikipedia.org)
  • Findings
  • Her team's findings were published in the April 2015 issue of the Journal of Pediatrics (Volume 166, 1042-1047), "Association of Fatty Acid Ethyl Easters in Meconium and Cognitive Development during Childhood and Adolescence. (healthcanal.com)
  • Among the findings of cognitive epidemiology is that men with a higher IQ have less risk of dying from coronary heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • memory
  • Heritability estimates have been found to be high for general cognitive functions but low for memory itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Verbal memory and cognitive flexibility were not predicted by any of the variables included in the regression model. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The results of these studies suggest that there are clear differences in the explicit cognitive processing of stimuli between AN individuals and healthy controls and that length of the illness can affect the extent of these memory biases. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • This established the importance of social stimulation for normal cognitive and emotional development. (wikipedia.org)
  • She received her Ph.D. from the University of Toronto in 1976 with a specialization in cognitive and language development in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • There was a specific pattern of conclusions, namely that being bilingual was detrimental to a child's linguistic and cognitive development, and that it put the individual at a disadvantage compared to monolingual peers. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorders
  • The focus of her lab is on early detection of neuropsychiatric disorders, differential diagnosis and proof of concept studies using cognitive enhancing drugs and cognitive training. (wikipedia.org)
  • monolingual
  • Since then, the literature has consistently found advantages for bilinguals over matched monolingual peers, in particular in relation to cognitive areas of aptitude such as perception and executive functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • functional
  • In addition, she was early to highlight the 'hot' and 'cold' cognitive changes in unipolar and bipolar depression, as well as their significance for functional outcome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Measures
  • We performed repeated-measures analyses of covariance to investigate whether larger MLBG and/or greater intellectual enrichment moderate/attenuate cognitive decline over time, controlling for disease progression. (blogspot.com)
  • health
  • To learn more about staying mentally sharp and fit, read Cognitive Fitness , a Special Health Report from Harvard Medical School. (harvard.edu)
  • All of these can directly or indirectly bolster cognitive reserve, which may protect cognitive health, especially as one ages. (dovepress.com)
  • Unfortunately, if one is incapacitated due to illness, such as depression, HIV, or other diseases and chronic conditions, it may necessitate reduction/withdrawal from employment, which could limit employment-induced cognitive health benefits. (dovepress.com)
  • Cogmed was founded in 2001, Posit Science in 2002, and Brain Age was first released in 2005, all capitalizing on the growing interest within the public in neuroscience, along with heightened worries by parents about ADHD and other learning disabilities in their children, and concern about their own cognitive health as they aged. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to exploring and establishing these associations, cognitive epidemiology seeks to understand causal relationships between intelligence and health outcomes. (wikipedia.org)