Cognitive Reserve: Capacity that enables an individual to cope with and/or recover from the impact of a neural injury or a psychotic episode.Prodromal Symptoms: Clinical or physiological indicators that precede the onset of disease.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Memory, Episodic: Type of declarative memory, consisting of personal memory in contrast to general knowledge.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Multilingualism: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Leisure Activities: Voluntary use of free time for activities outside the daily routine.ReadingIndividuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.

*  PET Finds Increased Cognitive Reserve Levels in Educated Pre-Alzheimer's Patients - HealthManagement.org

Highly educated individuals with mild cognitive impairment that later progressed to Alzheimer's disease cope better with the ... neural reserve and neural compensation were both shown to play a role in determining cognitive reserve, as evidenced by ... Cognitive reserve refers to the hypothesized capacity of an adult brain to cope with brain damage in order to maintain a ... "This study provides new insight into the functional mechanisms that mediate the cognitive reserve phenomenon in the early ...
https://healthmanagement.org/c/imaging/news/pet-finds-increased-cognitive-reserve-levels-in-educated-pre-alzheimer-s-patients

*  Cognitive reserve, cortical plasticity and resistance to Alzheimer's disease

Stern [6] has compared neural compensation, neural reserve, and cognitive reserve. Neural compensation and neural reserve are ... Grey matter, cortical plasticity and cognitive reserve. Not all forms of reserve are the same, and they depend on the forms of ... Stern Y. What is cognitive reserve? Theory and research application of the reserve concept. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2002;8:448- ... function has been linked to enhancement of cognitive reserve. Our own data have found a closer relationship between cognitive ...
pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3334540/

*  Perioperative Cognitive Function - Dexmedetomidine and Cognitive Reserve

Clinical trials listings, notifications, news and a discussion forum.
https://clinicalconnection.com/clinical-trials-from-other-databases/study-location-selection/246886

*  Build Your Cognitive Reserve: An Interview with Dr. Yaakov Stern | SharpBrains

Yaakov Stern is the Division Leader of the Cognitive Neuroscience Division of the Sergievsky Center, and Professor of Clinical ... Building Your Cognitive Reserve. AF: So our goal is to build that Reserve of neurons, synapses, and skills. How can we do that ... help us build a Cognitive Reserve to protect us.. - The earlier we start building our Reserve, the better; but it is never too ... whether the Cognitive Reserve presents benefits beyond the prevention of Alzheimer's symptoms. Does having a higher reserve ...
https://sharpbrains.com/blog/2007/07/23/build-your-cognitive-reserve-yaakov-stern/

*  What is cognitive reserve? How we can protect our brains from memory loss and dementia | The Historyscoper's Science and...

What is cognitive reserve? How we can protect our brains from memory loss and dementia. June 24, 2017. historyscoper ... medicalxpress.com/news/2017-06-cognitive-reserve-brains-memory-loss.html ...
historyscoper.com/scitechblog/?p=28425

*  News Center | Page 229 | UC San Francisco

Blood Test Predicts Cognitive Decline, and 'Cognitive Reserve' Protects Against That Decline, Study Shows. ...
https://ucsf.edu/news/2010/06/5993/what-makes-ushuman-studies-chimp-and-human-dna-may-tell-us?title=&area=All&type_article=714&topic=697&date_filter[value]=&page=228

*  Doença de Alzheimer - Wikipedia

Cognitive reserve and Alzheimer disease». Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders. 20 (2): 112-117. ISSN 0893-0341. PMID ... Bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserve». Neurology. 75 (19): 1726-1729. doi:10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181fc2a1c A referência ... A terapia cognitivo-comportamental e o ensino de estratégias de coping, quer individualmente quer em grupo, têm demonstrado ... O mais perceptível défice cognitivo na fase inicial é a perda de memória a curto prazo, ou seja, a dificuldade em recordar ...
https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doença_de_Alzheimer

*  Brain region that can be stimulated to reduce the cognitive deficits of sleep deprivation identified | EurekAlert! Science News

... and is known as cognitive reserve. The theory of cognitive reserve suggests that some individuals are better able to cope with ... "Cognitive Reserve" Varies Among Individuals. Elderly persons show a broad range of individual differences in the degree to ... These present findings are consisted with the concept of cognitive reserve because some participants suffered larger deficits ... And the rTMS used in this study may potentially be useful in exploring and treating cognitive deficits due to aging and ...
https://eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-02/cumc-brt020108.php

*  EXPERTS SAY RIGHT EXERCISE CAN BOOST BRAIN AND BODY | Appen Media Group

Mental and Physical Fitness Build Cognitive Reserve Needed to Keep You on Your Game. Posted Thursday, April 11, 2013 12:00 am ... Just as we build muscle strength to keep our bodies fit, studies show that we need to build cognitive reserve to help our ... It is this cognitive reserve that aging adults can draw on to maintain brain function. ... Building reserve early is important - changes in the brain can start decades before symptoms of Alzheimer's disease begin to ...
northfulton.com/stories/EXPERTS-SAY-RIGHT-EXERCISE-CAN-BOOST-BRAIN-AND-BODY,20897

*  Cerebral (Brain) Atrophy and Shrinkage

What Is Cognitive Reserve? Can It Protect Our Brains From Alzheimer's?. * Up Next ...
https://verywell.com/what-is-cerebral-brain-atrophy-98812

*  New Movement in Neuroscience: A Purpose-Driven Life

Researchers believe that people with more cognitive resilience ( " cognitive reserve " ) at baseline are able to withstand more ... Protecting Cognitive Reserve " Dementia " describes a global constellation of symptoms: memory, cognition, and communication ... These studies suggest that PIL may have a protective effect on what is known as cognitive reserve. ... Boyle ' s group further explored the relationship between PIL and cognitive change over time. For people without Alzheimer ' s ...
dana.org/Cerebrum/2015/New_Movement_in_Neuroscience__A_Purpose-Driven_Life/

*  How to prevent brain drain | Stuff.co.nz

Staying cognitively active can build our cognitive reserve. Studies have shown if you give rats an enriched environment they ... Even if we can't demonstrate that it can be improved, if we can show it is possible to use [cognitive functions] better, then ... People tend to self-report better cognitive function as a result of brain training games, Birney says. 'That is, less standing ... Active memory is a term for cognitive training - performing a series of activities designed to tap different aspects of brain ...
stuff.co.nz/life-style/life/9541094/How-to-prevent-brain-drain

*  Influence of Educational Status on Executive Function and Fu... : Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology

Parkinson disease, Berg Balance Scale, balance, education, cognitive reserve Search for Similar Articles. You may search for ... Isolated and Persistent Cognitive Dysfunction in a Patient with Acute... * Challenging Behavior in Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome: ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology.. ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology.. ...
journals.lww.com/cogbehavneurol/Abstract/2013/03000/Influence_of_Educational_Status_on_Executive.3.aspx

*  Psychiatry : Top topics (The Full Wiki)

Cognitive reserve. 47. 136. Trauma trigger. 47. 137. Mini-international neuropsychiatric interview. 47. ...
top-topics.thefullwiki.org/Psychiatry

*  Brain Health for lawyers | SharpBrains

Cross-Training Our Brains Builds Up Cognitive Reserve. * Computer-Based Brain Exercise Programs Can Help ... Tags: aggression, bilingual-brain, Biologists, brett-steenbarger, cognitive-news, epigenetics, expert-knowledge--neurons, ...
https://sharpbrains.com/blog/2007/07/12/brain-health-for-lawyers/

*  ALZFORUM | NETWORKING FOR A CURE

Cognitive Reserve-More Evidence It Prevents Neurodegeneration 5 May 2015. *What Goes Down Just Went Up: Aβ Climbs in Mouse CSF ...
alzforum.org/papers/brain-imaging-and-fluid-biomarker-analysis-young-adults-genetic-risk-autosomal-dominant?powID=139419

*  Barbara Borroni

Beyond cognitive reserve: behavioural reserve hypothesis in Frontotemporal Dementia. Enrico Premi. Centre for Ageing Brain and ... Cognitive reserve in granulin-related frontotemporal dementia: from preclinical to clinical stages. Enrico Premi. Centre for ... We tested here the cognitive reserve hypothesis in patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), with or without pathogenetic ... Reserve mechanisms in neurodegenerative diseases: from bench to bedside and back again. B Borroni. Centre for Ageing Brain and ...
https://labome.org/expert/italy/borroni/barbara-borroni-296708.html

*  Study: Blood Test May Predict Alzheimer's | TIME.com

The most popular theory involves something called cognitive reserve: the idea is that people with more cognitive reserve are ... Cognitive reserve is still an undefined concept, but it is generally thought to involve everything from having a larger brain ( ... "It does really look like the cognitive reserve hypothesis is important," says Yaffe. "And [our results] also imply that it you ... two commonly accepted ways of measuring cognitive reserve. It turned out that among those with low levels of amyloid in the ...
healthland.time.com/2011/01/18/study-a-blood-test-may-predict-alzheimers/print/

*  Universitat Jaume I

BILINGUALISM AS A CONTRIBUTOR TO COGNITIVE RESERVE IN HEALTHY AND PATHOLOGICAL AGING. 24/03/2015. 23/03/2018. ... BASES CEREBRALES DE DEL ENTRENAMIENTO COGNITIVO EN TAREAS DE BUSQUEDA VISUAL Y MEMORIA DE TRABAJO. 01/01/2014. 31/12/2016. ... Entrenamiento cognitivo combinado con ejercicios aeróbicos en pacientes con esclerosis múltiple: un estudio piloto - Article ... Cognitive training combined with aerobic exercises in multiple sclerosis patients: a pilot study - Article ...
uji.es/serveis/ocit/base/grupsinvestigacio/detall?codi=182

*  J M Starr

Pre-morbid IQ is a useful measure of cognitive reserve.... *. All-cause mortality in the Aberdeen 1921 birth cohort: effects of ... Age-associated cognitive decline. Ian J Deary. Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh ... Are processing speed tasks biomarkers of cognitive aging?. Ian J Deary. Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology ... Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, UK. BMC Geriatr 11: ...
https://labome.org/expert/uk/university/starr/j-m-starr-1103178.html

*  Flashcards - neuro3

cognitive reserve * which chemicals reduce damage by blocking neurodegeneration *apoptosis inhibitor protein*nerve growht ...
https://freezingblue.com/flashcards/print_preview.cgi?cardsetID=12625

*  984]Laboratory of Neuroimaging and Innovative Molecular Tracers

An axis of physiopathological research, namely for the investigation of the cognitive reserve phenomenon. Specifically, our ... evaluating for example the involvement of the cholinergic system or the role of the reserve in the compensation of degenerative ...
https://unige.ch/medecine/radio/en/groupes-de-recherche/984garibotto/

*  Spectrum scanning and reserve channel methods for link maintenance in cognitive radio systems - University of Bristol

Spectrum scanning and reserve channel methods for link maintenance in cognitive radio systems. Research output: Chapter in Book ... A pointer and adaptive reserve channel mechanism is proposed in this paper to facilitate quicker and smoother channel switching ...
research-information.bristol.ac.uk/en/publications/spectrum-scanning-and-reserve-channel-methods-for-link-maintenance-in-cognitive-radio-systems

*  Understanding the unsaturated fats - Harvard Health

What is cognitive reserve? An important concept that is crucial to the understanding of cognitive health is known as cognitive ...
https://health.harvard.edu/heart-health/understanding-the-unsaturated-fats

*  Disease - Wikipedia

... but it explains why cognitive synonymy is not invariable.. Syndrome. A syndrome is the association of several medical signs, ... although some editors prefer to reserve pathology to its other senses. Sometimes a slight connotative shade causes preference ... cognitive dysfunction or impairment. Specific illnesses known as mental illnesses include major depression, generalized anxiety ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morbidity

Lawn sweeper: A lawn sweeper, also known as a leaf sweeper, is a garden tool for the mechanical removal of debris, such as fallen leaves, pine needles, twigs, grass clippings or litter, from a lawn or paved area. Lawn sweepers operate via a rotating brush mechanism that sweeps up the debris and deposits it in a collection hopper for disposal.Postoperative cognitive dysfunction: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a short-term decline in cognitive function (especially in memory and executive functions) that may last from a few days to a few weeks after surgery. In rare cases, this disorder may persist for several months after major surgery.Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status is a neuropsychological assessment initially introduced in 1998. It consists of ten subtests which give five scores, one for each of the five domains tested (immediate memory, visuospatial/constructional, language, attention, delayed memory).Cognitive skill: Cognitive functioning is a term referring to a human’s ability to process to (thoughts) that should not deplete on a large scale in healthy individuals. Cognition mainly refers to things like memory, the ability to learn new information, speech, understanding of written material.Time-Based Prospective Memory: Time-based prospective memory is a type of prospective memory in which remembrance is triggered by a time-related cue that indicates that a given action needs to be performed. An example is remembering to watch a television program at 3 p.Neuroscience of multilingualism: Various aspects of multilingualism have been studied in the field of neurology. These include the representation of different language systems in the brain, the effects of multilingualism on the brain's structural plasticity, aphasia in multilingual individuals, and bimodal bilinguals (people who can speak one sign language and one oral language).Evolution of human intelligence: The evolution of human intelligence refers to a set of theories that attempt to explain how human intelligence has evolved and are closely tied to the evolution of the human brain and to the origin of language.Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative: Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) is a worldwide project that provides reliable clinical data for the research of pathology principle, prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Multiple research groups contribute their findings of the biological markers to the understanding of the progression of Alzheimer’s disease in the human brain.Testicular atrophy: Testicular atrophy is a medical condition in which the male reproductive organs (the testes, which in humans are located in the scrotum) diminish in size and may be accompanied by loss of function. This does not refer to temporary changes, such as those brought on by cold.Familial British dementia: Familial British dementia is a form of dementia. It was first reported by Cecil Charles Worster-Drought in 1933 and is therefore also known as Worster-Drought syndrome.Spalding Method

(1/57) Prominent hippocampal CA3 gene expression profile in neurocognitive aging.

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(2/57) White matter hyperintensities and cognition: testing the reserve hypothesis.

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(3/57) IQ trajectory, cognitive reserve, and clinical outcome following a first episode of psychosis: a 3-year longitudinal study.

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(4/57) Cognitive reserve and brain volumes in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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(5/57) Delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease: bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserve.

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(6/57) Intracranial volume and dementia: some evidence in support of the cerebral reserve hypothesis.

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(7/57) Cognitive reserve in aging.

Cognitive reserve explains why those with higher IQ, education, occupational attainment, or participation in leisure activities evidence less severe clinical or cognitive changes in the presence of age-related or Alzheimer's disease pathology. Specifically, the cognitive reserve hypothesis is that individual differences in how tasks are processed provide reserve against brain pathology. Cognitive reserve may allow for more flexible strategy usage, an ability thought to be captured by executive functions tasks. Additionally, cognitive reserve allows individuals greater neural efficiency, greater neural capacity, and the ability for compensation via the recruitment of additional brain regions. Taking cognitive reserve into account may allow for earlier detection and better characterization of age-related cognitive changes and Alzheimer's disease. Importantly, cognitive reserve is not fixed but continues to evolve across the lifespan. Thus, even late-stage interventions hold promise to boost cognitive reserve and thus reduce the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and other age-related problems.  (+info)

(8/57) Association of plasma beta-amyloid level and cognitive reserve with subsequent cognitive decline.

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dementia


  • She understood that early social interventions could be very powerful for building reserve and preventing dementia. (sharpbrains.com)
  • Cognitive reserve is the concept that has been developed to explain how it is that some elderly people with extensive neuropathology associated with dementia show little in the way of cognitive decline. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Although multiple factors and possible interventions may influence cognitive reserve and susceptibility to dementia, much more work is required on the mechanisms of action in order to determine which, if any, may improve the clinical and epidemiological picture. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The best way to confront these twin difficulties must be to maximise the chances of elderly people avoiding cognitive decline and dementia. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • We know that advancing age is by far the largest risk factor for developing sporadic dementia but we also know that there is a wide range of cognitive performance in old age. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Some of the changes are well established as relating to cognitive decline and dementia, most notably the pathological features of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but also cerebrovascular disease and alpha synuclein pathology. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Because the cognitive decline of Alzheimer's is nearly indistinguishable from other forms of dementia, only an autopsy that confirms the presence of protein plaques in the brain can conclusively diagnose the disease. (time.com)
  • Because Alzheimer's researchers have also known that about 10% to 20% of patients who show evidence of amyloid on autopsy never exhibit signs of dementia or cognitive decline, Yaffe's team thought the amyloid blood test could help explain this puzzling result. (time.com)

Alzheimer's


  • Dr. Stern is one of the leading proponents of the Cognitive reserve theory, which aims to explain why some individuals with full Alzheimer's pathology (accumulation of plaques and tangles in their brains) can keep normal lives until they die, while others -with the same amount of plaques and tangles- display the severe symptoms we associate with Alzheimer's Disease. (sharpbrains.com)
  • The concept of a Cognitive Reserve has been around since 1989, when a post mortem analysis of 137 people with Alzheimer's Disease showed that some patients exhibited fewer clinical symptoms than their actual pathology suggested. (sharpbrains.com)
  • The investigators hypothesized that the patients had a larger "reserve" of neurons and abilities that enable them to offset the losses caused by Alzheimer's. (sharpbrains.com)
  • Highly educated individuals with mild cognitive impairment that later progressed to Alzheimer's disease cope better with the disease than individuals with a lower level of education in the same situation, according to research published in the June issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. (healthmanagement.org)
  • Understanding the brain adaptation mechanisms underlying this process remains a critical question, and researchers of this study sought to investigate the metabolic basis of cognitive reserve in individuals with higher (more than 12 years) and lower (less than 12 years) levels of education who had mild cognitive impairment that progressed to Alzheimer's disease, also known as prodromal Alzheimer's disease. (healthmanagement.org)
  • This study provides new insight into the functional mechanisms that mediate the cognitive reserve phenomenon in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease," said Silvia Morbelli, MD, lead author of the study. (healthmanagement.org)
  • This result suggests that neural reserve and neural compensation are activated in highly educated prodromal Alzheimer's disease patients. (healthmanagement.org)
  • Researchers concluded that evaluation of the implication of metabolic connectivity in cognitive reserve further confirms that adding a comprehensive evaluation of resting 18F-FDG PET brain distribution to standard inspection may allow a more complete comprehension of Alzheimer's disease pathophysiology and possibly may increase 18F-FDG PET diagnostic sensitivity. (healthmanagement.org)
  • And the rTMS used in this study may potentially be useful in exploring and treating cognitive deficits due to aging and neuropathology in general," said Yaakov Stern, Ph.D., a professor of clinical neuropsychology in neurology and psychiatry at the Taub Institute for the Research on Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain and the Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center at Columbia University Medical Center. (eurekalert.org)
  • Building reserve early is important - changes in the brain can start decades before symptoms of Alzheimer's disease begin to show. (northfulton.com)
  • That finding gives Yaffe hope that in coming years, early tests, including one for amyloid in the blood, could identify people at high risk of developing Alzheimer's disease well before their first cognitive symptoms emerge. (time.com)

decline in the elderly


  • These findings have important implications for better understanding the neural bases of cognitive decline in the elderly. (eurekalert.org)

influence cognitive


  • Background: Recent studies have shown that educational status may influence cognitive and motor test performance. (lww.com)

post mortem


  • Yet it has become clear from unselected epidemiological studies linked to neuropathology that there is not infrequently a mismatch between pathological changes found post-mortem and the recorded cognitive performance of a person before they died [ 3 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)

psychologists


  • To help us help ourselves, neuroscientists and cognitive psychologists from the University of Melbourne have teamed up with the ABC to develop a series of fun mind games which work on active memory . (stuff.co.nz)

neural


  • In the study "Metabolic Networks Underlying Cognitive Reserve in Prodromal Alzheimer Disease: A European Alzheimer Disease Consortium Project," neural reserve and neural compensation were both shown to play a role in determining cognitive reserve, as evidenced by positron emission tomography (PET). (healthmanagement.org)
  • Cognitive reserve is still an undefined concept, but it is generally thought to involve everything from having a larger brain (and therefore more neural connections to keep it going) to maintaining cognitive networks by continually engaging them in learning new things. (time.com)

symptoms


  • Since then, the concept of Cognitive Reserve has been defined as the ability of an individual to tolerate progressive brain pathology without demonstrating clinical cognitive symptoms. (sharpbrains.com)

elderly


  • What attributes determine the cognitive fate of individual elderly people? (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • A recent large study found that careful quantification of neuropathology and brain weight accounted for only between a third and a half of the variance in cognitive performance in a relatively unselected group of elderly people, leaving the rest unaccounted for [ 4 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The elderly volunteers also completed a survey designed to test their cognitive functions, including memory and executive skills such as the ability to learn and retain new information. (time.com)
  • And [our results] also imply that it you have an elderly person and she gets a blood test and her amyloid is low, it may mean she is at risk of later cognitive problems. (time.com)

Function


  • We are excited about the possibilities of using brain stimulation to improve cognitive function," said Bruce Luber, Ph.D., lead author of the paper and an instructor in clinical psychiatry at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons and the New York State Psychiatric Institute. (eurekalert.org)
  • It is this cognitive reserve that aging adults can draw on to maintain brain function. (northfulton.com)
  • Active memory is a term for cognitive training - performing a series of activities designed to tap different aspects of brain function which affect short-term memory, explains Dr Damian Birney, an honorary principal research Fellow at the Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health. (stuff.co.nz)
  • But, other studies (that have had either very small sample sizes or design flaws) have found that brain training games can affect our overall cognitive function. (stuff.co.nz)
  • People tend to self-report better cognitive function as a result of brain training games, Birney says. (stuff.co.nz)
  • After nine years, those with the lowest blood levels of beta-amyloid had dropped nearly twice the number of points on tests of cognitive function, compared with those who had higher levels of the protein. (time.com)
  • The most popular theory involves something called cognitive reserve: the idea is that people with more cognitive reserve are better able to compensate for the loss of nerves to amyloid, and can continue to function without signs of the disease even while it is ravaging their brain. (time.com)
  • It turned out that among those with low levels of amyloid in the blood, participants with higher education (more than a high school diploma) or at least a sixth-grade level of literacy were able to compensate, and experienced half the drop in cognitive function scores as those with lower education and less literacy. (time.com)

brains


  • Just as we build muscle strength to keep our bodies fit, studies show that we need to build cognitive reserve to help our brains ward off memory problems and keep our minds active. (northfulton.com)

brain


  • One idea (called Brain Reserve by researchers) postulates that some individuals have a greater number of neurons and synapses, and that somehow those extra structures provide a level of protection. (sharpbrains.com)
  • Cognitive reserve refers to the hypothesized capacity of an adult brain to cope with brain damage in order to maintain a relatively preserved functional level. (healthmanagement.org)
  • This work supports the notion that employing the brain in complex tasks and developing our own education may help in forming stronger 'defences' against cognitive deterioration once Alzheimer knocks at our door," noted Morbelli. (healthmanagement.org)
  • Our activities, as a whole, are therapeutic, in that they are designed to engage the brain and body in ways that support physical and cognitive health. (northfulton.com)
  • One Swedish study found that working on active memory improved mental performance in other areas and altered the number of dopamine receptors in the brain - these are responsible for learning and other cognitive functions. (stuff.co.nz)

memory


  • It has long been established that cognitive performance, such as working memory, declines with sleep deprivation. (eurekalert.org)

better


  • The other theory (called Cognitive Reserve) emphasizes the building of new capabilities, how people can perform tasks better through practice, and how these skills become so well learned that they are not too easy to unlearn. (sharpbrains.com)
  • It's possible that, in the future, a combined approach evaluating resting metabolic connectivity and cognitive performance can be used on an individual basis to better predict cognitive decline or response to disease-modifying therapy. (healthmanagement.org)
  • Even if we can't demonstrate that it can be improved, if we can show it is possible to use [cognitive functions] better, then for all intents and purposes we have changed [our understanding] on a fundamental level. (stuff.co.nz)

performance


  • In some cases cognitive performance is below the level expected for the amount of pathology found but more frequently someone with a substantial load of pathology had nonetheless performed cognitively within the normal range before death. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)

help


  • This is so because stimulating activities, ideally combining physical exercise, learning and social interaction, help us build a Cognitive Reserve to protect us. (sharpbrains.com)

build


  • AF: So our goal is to build that Reserve of neurons, synapses, and skills. (sharpbrains.com)
  • Staying cognitively active can build our cognitive reserve. (stuff.co.nz)

important


  • It does really look like the cognitive reserve hypothesis is important," says Yaffe. (time.com)

concept


  • Cognitive reserve is the concept that has been developed to deal with this discrepancy [ 5 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)

study


  • To test this idea, Yaffe further stratified her study group by education and literacy, two commonly accepted ways of measuring cognitive reserve. (time.com)

University


  • Dr. Yaakov Stern is the Division Leader of the Cognitive Neuroscience Division of the Sergievsky Center, and Professor of Clinical Neuropsychology, at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York. (sharpbrains.com)

item


  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology. (lww.com)