Parasites of the Green-backed Firecrown (Sephanoides sephaniodes) in ChileGONZALEZ-ACUNA, Daniel et al. Parasites of the Green-backed Firecrown (Sephanoides sephaniodes) in Chile. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [ ... were collected between January 2004 and December 2008 from the Biobío Region south-central Chile and Santiago (central Chile). ... All these parasites represent new records for Chile and the first parasites reported for this host species. ...
Family + Species, Data Base and Interactive Encyclopedia of the Chilean Plants, provided by Chileflora.com, a supplier of...Family + Species, Data Base and Interactive Encyclopedia of the Chilean Plants, provided by Chileflora.com, a supplier of native Chilean seeds and seedlings and organizer of plant-watching tours.
PPT - How is DOHaD affecting policy? Dr. Chessa Lutter Principal Advisor Santiago de Chile, November 19-22, 2009 PowerPoint...Chessa Lutter Principal Advisor Santiago de Chile, November 19-22, 2009 What does it take for DOHaD to influence policy? Is ... Chessa Lutter Principal Advisor Santiago de Chile, November 19-22, 2009 What does it take for DOHaD to influence policy? Is ... Chessa Lutter Principal Advisor Santiago de Chile, November 19-22, 2009PowerPoint Presentation ...
Chile: Legalizing abortion does not reduce maternal mortality :: Catholic News Agency (CNA)25, saying, "It should be noted abortion is not allowed in Chile under any circumstances. Chile respects the life of both the ... The "Chile Grows With You" program is "a wonderful example of what a country and a government can do to promote the value of ... Chile, a country that does not allow abortion, recently received the International Protect Life Award for being the country ... "Chile's example for other countries at the international level is something we need to emphasize," he added. ...
LA DISCRIMINACIÓN EN EL APRENDIZAJE DEL CUIDADOThe sample was made up of nursing students enrolled in a nursing program in a university in southern Chile. The students had ...
LYNNYELLA, UN NUEVO GÉNERO DE ESCARABAJO DEL CENTRO-SUR DE CHILE (COLEOPERA: ELATERIDAE)SOUTHERN CHILE (COLEOPTERA: ELATERIDAE). LYNNYELLA, UN NUEVO GÉNERO DE ESCARABAJO DEL CENTRO-SUR DE CHILE (COLEOPERA: ... VIII Region in Chile (Figure 32). Etymology. This species is dedicated to the city of Concepción, Chile. Remarks. Lynnyella ... Chile. Male. III.1984. L. E. Peña, [MNNC]. Paratypes here designated. Chile. Two male, Las Trancas, Ñuble, I.1990, L. E. Peña ... Chile. Male, Longaví, Light trap. 9.I.1990, E. Arias [ETA]. Distribution. VII Region in Chile (Figure 32). Etymology. This ...
THALLIUM LEVELS AND BIOACCUMULATION IN ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES OF NORTHERN CHILE: HUMAN HEALTH RISKSQUEIROLO, FABRIZIO et al. THALLIUM LEVELS AND BIOACCUMULATION IN ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES OF NORTHERN CHILE: HUMAN HEALTH RISKS. J ... Studies on the presence of Tl in the vicinity of a copper mining-impacted region in northern Chile were carried out. A number ... P.O. Box 2613, Concepción, Chile. Phone 41-2227815, Fax 41-2235819. firstname.lastname@example.org. ... Palabras clave : Thallium; Chile; river pollution; bioaccumulation; human health risks; heavy metal. ...
Milk in Chile (2016) - Market SizesMarket Sizes Milk in Chile by Mintel Market Sizes provides you with annual year-end market size data, most recently updated - ... Figure 23: Chile - Milk: Company retail market share by value (%) - 2015 * Table 11: Chile - Milk: Company retail market share ... Figure 21: Chile - Milk: Company retail market share by volume (%) - 2015 * Table 10: Chile - Milk: Company retail market share ... Milk in Chile by Mintel Market Sizes provides you with annual year-end market size data, most recently updated in 2016. This ...
Chile - WikitravelThe new government of Patricio Aylwin thought it sensible to maintain free market policies that present-day Chile still harbors ... wts:Category:Chile WikiPedia:Chile Dmoz:South America/Chile/ World66:southamerica/chile ... northern Chile was under Inca rule while the indigenous Araucanians inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile ... Argentina's and Chile's claims to Antarctica overlap. Chile also voices a claim to a 1.25 million square kilometre portion of ...
Colgajos cutáneos en cirugía oncológica facialSantiago - Chile. Tel.: (56-2) 2335 9236. Fax: (56-2) 2335 9237. email@example.com. ...
Chile's education crisisChile's union and student leaders say they hope to shut down the nation's economy for a day in response to a police crackdown ... A demonstrator is detained during a rally to request change in the education system in Santiago, Chile September 27, 2017. ...
"La Ciada de la Industria Salmonera y las Consequences" by Kyla JacobsDurante casi 15 años, la industria del salmón de Chile creció a una tasa sin precedentes, elevando la otrora desolada décima ... ayudando a hacer de Chile el segundo mayor productor de salmón en el mundo, después de Noruega. Sin embargo, con la aparición ... and the ability for Chile to regain its position as the world's major salmon producer. The personal narratives of those whose ... reside más bien en el buen desempeño de la economía y en la capacidad de Chile para recuperar su posición como ...
Nuevos registros de coanoflagelados marinos de la costa de ChileKey words: Choanoflagellates, bacteria, virus, ballast water, epifluorescence, Chile.. RESUMEN. Este es el primer reporte sobre ... Diversidad biológica de Chile. Comité Nacional de Diversidad Biológica. Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y ... 1). The abundance of choanoflagellates, bacteria, and viruses in samples from three different sites off Chile and from ballast ... In: K. Alveal & T. Antezana (eds.). Sustentabilidad de la biodiversidad, Universidad de Concepción, Chile, Trama Impresores, ...
Soils suppressive against Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici identified under wheat crop monoculture in southern Chiletritici identified under wheat crop monoculture in southern Chile. Cienc. Inv. Agr. [online]. 2011, vol.38, n.3, pp.345-356. ... Andisols, which are located in southern Chile, show very high conduciveness to the take-all disease of wheat caused by the ... This is the first report of soils suppressive to take-all of wheat in Chile. ... 20 soils were collected from different wheat-growing areas in southern Chile and were classified as either suppressive or ...
Chile president will root for WCup team in BrazilChile has one of the strongest lineups in its soccer history, including world-class players like Juventus midfielder ... Chile President Michelle Bachelet said on Tuesday that she will travel to the city of Cuiaba in Brazil to support her country's ... SANTIAGO, Chile (AP) -- Chile President Michelle Bachelet said on Tuesday that she will travel to the city of Cuiaba in Brazil ... Chile has one of the strongest lineups in its soccer history, including world-class players like Juventus midfielder Arturo ...
Ecorregiones de Chile - WikipediaLas ecorregiones terrestres de Chile comprenden: Desierto de Atacama Puna (Puna seca centroandina) Ecorregión del matorral ... San Ambrosio Ecorregión bosque subtropical de Rapa Nui Biogeografía Ecorregión Ecorregiones marinas de Chile Geografía de Chile ...
Ecology and spatial pattern of cyanobacterial community island patches in the Atacama Desert, Chile - Warren-Rhodes - 2007 -...2003), Mars-like soils in the Atacama Desert, Chile, and the dry limit of microbial life, Science, 302, 933-1096.. *CrossRef , ... Slope aspect has been shown to affect plant cover and shrub-clump size in the matorral of central Chile [Badano et al., 2005], ... Villagrán, C., M. Arroyo, and C. Marticorena (1983), Efectos de la desertización en la distribución de la flora andina de Chile ... Miller, A. (1976), The climate of Chile, in World Survey of Climatology, vol. 12, Climates of Central and South America, edited ...
Loa River | river, Chile | Britannica.comThe longest river in Chile, it rises in the Andes at the base of Miño Volcano, near the Bolivian border, and flows southwest ... Loa River, Spanish Río Loa, river, northern Chile. The longest river in Chile, it rises in the Andes at the base of Miño ... Chile: Drainage. ...they are fed by the summer rains that fall on the Chilean-Bolivian Altiplano; their volumes are so small ... Chile. country situated along the western seaboard of South America. It extends approximately 2,700 miles (4,300 km) from its ...
mapuche indian social studies south american tribesChilean Government to Make it All Better for Mapuche __ 'Last August 5 a ceremony took place where the president of Chile, ... Indigenous peoples of Chile and Mexico from a comparative perspectives. The main goal of this paper is to highlight the ... others the indigenous peoples of America and Chile have had to withstand, it is pertinent to obtain some of the background ...
Chile | FlickrSantiago and Valparaiso
Chile | UNICEFUNICEF to provide support to nearly one million children affected by earthquake in Chile ...
Chile... For information on the use of this directory see these important notes.. PLEASE, BEFORE REQUESTING changes and updates ... Santiago - Iglesia Bautista Misionera de El Bosque, Flora Torres 9883, Santiago, CHILE. 8020169. firstname.lastname@example.org, phone ... Coyhaique - Iglesia Bautista Central, 11th Region of Chile. - 909-271-9359 [Pastor Kyle Patricio Sheridan email@example.com ...
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List of tallest buildings in Chile: This is a list of the 10 tallest buildings in Chile including buildings that are under construction.Liliana Rojas-Suarez: Liliana Rojas-Suarez is a Peruvian-born economist, specializing in financial regulatory policy and the impact of global capital flows on development, especially in Latin American countries. She is currently a senior fellow at the Center for Global Development and serves as the chair of the Latin-American Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee (CLAAF).
(1/732) Documenting the diet in ancient human populations through stable isotope analysis of hair.
Fundamental to the understanding of human history is the ability to make interpretations based on artefacts and other remains which are used to gather information about an ancient population. Sequestered in the organic matrices of these remains can be information, for example, concerning incidence of disease, genetic defects and diet. Stable isotopic compositions, especially those made on isolates of collagen from bones, have been used to help suggest principal dietary components. A significant problem in the use of collagen is its long-term stability, and the possibility of isotopic alteration during early diagenesis, or through contaminating condensation reactions. In this study, we suggest that a commonly overlooked material, human hair, may represent an ideal material to be used in addressing human diets of ancient civilizations. Through the analysis of the amino-acid composition of modern hair, as well as samples that were subjected to radiation (thus simulating ageing of the hair) and hair from humans that is up to 5200 years old, we have observed little in the way of chemical change. The principal amino acids observed in all of these samples are essentially identical in relative abundances and content. Dominating the compositions are serine, glutamic acid, threonine, glycine and leucine, respectively accounting for approximately 15%, 17%, 10%, 8% and 8% of the total hydrolysable amino acids. Even minor components (for example, alanine, valine, isoleucine) show similar constancy between the samples of different ages. This constancy clearly indicates minimal alteration of the amino-acid composition of the hair. Further, it would indicate that hair is well preserved and is amenable to isotopic analysis as a tool for distinguishing sources of nutrition. Based on this observation, we have isotopically characterized modern individuals for whom the diet has been documented. Both stable nitrogen and carbon isotope compositions were assessed, and together provide an indication of trophic status, and principal type (C3 or C4) of vegetation consumed. True vegans have nitrogen isotope compositions of about 7/1000 whereas humans consuming larger amounts of meat, eggs, or milk are more enriched in the heavy nitrogen isotope. We have also analysed large cross-sections of modern humans from North America and Europe to provide an indication of the variability seen in a population (the supermarket diet). There is a wide diversity in both carbon and nitrogen isotope values based at least partially on the levels of seafood, corn-fed beef and grains in the diets. Following analysis of the ancient hair, we have observed similar trends in certain ancient populations. For example, the Coptics of Egypt (1000 BP) and Chinchorro of Chile (5000-800 BP) have diets of similar diversity to those observed in the modern group but were isotopically influenced by local nutritional sources. In other ancient hair (Egyptian Late Middle Kingdom mummies, ca. 4000 BP), we have observed a much more uniform isotopic signature, indicating a more constant diet. We have also recognized a primary vegetarian component in the diet of the Neolithic Ice Man of the Oetztaler Alps (5200 BP). In certain cases, it appears that sulphur isotopes may help to further constrain dietary interpretations, owing to the good preservation and sulphur content of hair. It appears that analysis of the often-overlooked hair in archaeological sites may represent a significant new approach for understanding ancient human communities. (+info)
(2/732) Relative virulence of three isolates of Piscirickettsia salmonis for coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch.
Piscirickettsia salmonis was first recognized as the cause of mortality among pen-reared coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch in Chile. Since the initial isolation of this intracellular Gram-negative bacterium in 1989, similar organisms have been described from several areas of the world, but the associated outbreaks were not reported to be as serious as those that occurred in Chile. To determine if this was due to differences in virulence among isolates of P. salmonis, we conducted an experiment comparing isolates from Chile, British Columbia, Canada, and Norway (LF-89, ATL-4-91 and NOR-92, respectively). For each of the isolates, 3 replicates of 30 coho salmon were injected intraperitoneally with each of 3 concentrations of the bacterium. Negative control fish were injected with MEM-10. Mortalities were collected daily for 41 d post-injection. Piscirickettsiosis was observed in fish injected with each of the 3 isolates, and for each isolate, cumulative mortality was directly related to the concentration of bacterial cells administered. The LF-89 isolate was the most virulent, with losses reaching 97% in the 3 replicates injected with 10(5.0) TCID50, 91% in the replicates injected with 10(4.0) TCID50, and 57% in the fish injected with 10(3.0) TCID50. The ATL-4-91 isolate caused losses of 92% in the 3 replicates injected with 10(5.0) TCID50, 76% in the fish injected with 10(4.0) TCID50, and 32% in those injected with 10(3.0) TCID50. The NOR-92 isolate was the least virulent, causing 41% mortality in the replicates injected with 10(4.6) TCID50. At 41 d post-injection, 6% of the fish injected with 10(3.6) TCID50 NOR-92 had died. Mortality was only 2% in the fish injected with 10(2.6) TCID50 NOR-92, which was the same as the negative control group. Because the group injected with the highest concentration (10(4.6) TCID50) of NOR-92 was still experiencing mortality at 41 d, it was held for an additional 46 d. At 87 d post-injection, the cumulative mortality in this group had reached 70%. These differences in virulence among the isolates were statistically significant (p < 0.0001), and are important for the management of affected stocks of fish. (+info)
(3/732) Spectroscopic and molecular characterization of a long wavelength absorbing antenna of Ostreobium sp.
One of the strains of the marine green alga Ostreobium sp. possesses an exceptionally large number of long wavelength absorbing chlorophylls (P. Haldall, Biol. Bull. 134, 1968, 411-424) as evident from a distinct shoulder in the absorption spectrum at around 710 nm while in the other strain this shoulder is absent. Therefore, Ostreobium offers a unique possibility to explore the origin of these red-shifted chlorophylls, because strains with and without these spectral forms can be compared. Here, we characterize these red forms spectroscopically by absorption, fluorescence and CD spectroscopy. In the CD spectra at least three spectroscopic red forms are identified which lead to an unusual room temperature fluorescence spectrum that peaks at 715 nm. The gel electrophoretic pattern from thylakoids of Ostreobium sp. shows an intense band at 22 kDa which correlates with the presence or absence of long wavelength absorbing pigments. By protein sequencing of the N-terminus of the 22-kDa polypeptide and sequence alignments, this was identified as an Lhca1-type light-harvesting complex. The abundance of this polypeptide - and a possibly co-migrating one - in Ostreobium sp. indicates an antenna size of approximately 340 chlorophyll molecules (Chl a and Chl b) per PS IIalpha reaction center, which is significantly larger than in higher plants ( approximately 240). The red forms are more abundant in the interior of the thalli where a 'shade-light' light field is expected than in the white-light exposed surface. This demonstrates that algae exist which may be able to up-regulate the synthesis of large amounts of LHCI and associated red forms under appropriate illumination conditions. (+info)
(4/732) Comparison of some behavioral and physiological feeding parameters of Triatoma infestans Klug, 1834 and Mepraia spinolai Porter, 1934, vectors of Chagas disease in Chile.
There are two vectors of Chagas disease in Chile: Triatoma infestans and Mepraia spinolai. We studied the feeding behavior of these species, looking for differences which could possibly explain the low impact of the latter species on Chagas disease. Both species used thermal cues to locate their feeding source and consumed a similar volume of blood which was inversely related to the body weight before the meal and directly related to the time between meals. The average time between bites were 6.24 and 10.74 days. The average bite of M. spinolai lasted 9.68 min, significantly shorter than the 19.46 min for T. infestans. Furthermore, while T. infestans always defecated on the host, this behavior was observed in M. spinolai in only one case of 27 (3.7%). The delay between the bites and defecation was very long in M. spinolai and short in T. infestans. These differences may affect the reduced efficiency of transmission of Chagas infection by M. spinolai. (+info)
(5/732) Evaluation of vaccines for the prevention of pneumonia in children in developing countries.
(6/732) Genotypic survey of recent beta-lactam-resistant pneumococcal nasopharyngeal isolates from asymptomatic children in Chile.
To assess pneumococcal strain variability among young asymptomatic carriers in Chile, we used serotyping, antibiotic susceptibility testing, and genotyping to analyze 68 multidrug-resistant pneumococcal isolates recovered from 54 asymptomatic children 6 to 48 months of age. The isolates represented capsular serotypes 19F (43 isolates), 14 (14 isolates), 23F (7 isolates), 6B (3 isolates), and 6A (1 isolate). Genotypic analysis, which included pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of chromosomal digests, penicillin binding protein (PBP) gene fingerprinting, and dhf gene fingerprinting, revealed that the isolates represented six different genetic lineages. Clear circumstantial evidence of capsular switching was seen within each of four of the genetically related sets. The majority of the isolates, consisting of the 43 19F isolates and 2 type 6B isolates, appeared to represent a genetically highly related set distinct from previously characterized pneumococcal strains. Each of three other genetically defined lineages was closely related to one of the previously characterized clones Spain(6B)-2, France(9V)-3, or Spain(23F)-1. A fifth lineage was comprised of four type 23F isolates that, by the techniques used for this study, were genetically indistinguishable from three recent type 19F sterile-site isolates from the United States. Finally, a sixth lineage was represented by a single type 23F isolate which had a unique PFGE type and unique PBP and dhf gene fingerprints. (+info)
(7/732) Routes of entry of Piscirickettsia salmonis in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss.
Since 1989, Piscirickettsia salmonis, the causal agent of piscirickettsiosis, has killed millions of farmed salmonids each year in southern Chile. The portal of entry for the pathogen was investigated by use of selected experimental infections in juvenile rainbow trout (12 g). The methods used were intraperitoneal injection, subcutaneous injection, patch contact on skin, patch contact on gills, intestinal intubation and gastric intubation. Cumulative mortalities at Day 33 post-inoculation were 98, 100, 52, 24, 24, and 2%, respectively. It was shown that intact skin and gills could be penetrated by P. salmonis. The high mortality obtained in subcutaneously injected fish indicated that skin injuries could facilitate the invasion of this pathogen. Results suggested that the main entry sites are through the skin and gills and that the oral route may not be the normal method by which P. salmonis initiates infection of salmonids. (+info)
(8/732) L-arginine transport at the fetal side of human placenta: effect of aspirin in pregnancy.
L-Arginine transport by the fetal side of human placenta was investigated through the characterization of L-[3H]arginine uptake in isolated perfused cotyledon. Competitive inhibition experiments suggest the presence of at least two transport systems: a Na+-independent, pH-insensitive system inhibitable by cationic amino acids, similar to system y+, and a Na+-dependent system which recognizes both cationic and neutral amino acids only in the presence of Na+, i.e. a Bo,+-like system. The kinetic analysis of L-arginine uptake in the presence of Na+ revealed that the process is mediated by saturable components: a high-affinity system (Km = 167 +/- 18.0 microM; Vmax = 0.174 +/- 0.012 micromol min-1) and a low-affinity carrier (Km = 980 +/- 112 microM; Vmax = 1.60 +/- 0.12 micromol min-1). In the absence of Na+, L-arginine uptake was fitted by one model with a Michaelis-Menten constant of 200 +/- 24.8 microM. These results suggest that the high-affinity component corresponds to the Na+-independent system y+, whilst the low-affinity system may represent the activity of the Na+-dependent Bo,+ transporter. Kinetic studies in placentae taken from aspirin-treated pregnancies showed that L-arginine is transported with a significantly higher affinity (Km = 42.5 +/- 5.7 microM), but with a lower capacity (Vmax = 0.064 +/- 0.003 micromol min-1) than in the non-treated group. The latter finding suggests that aspirin would facilitate the uptake of the NO precursor only at very low arginine concentrations. (+info)
- Gastrointestinal and external parasites from 12 Green-backed Firecrown ( Sephanoides sephaniodes ) were collected between January 2004 and December 2008 from the Biobío Region south-central Chile and Santiago (central Chile). (scielo.org.mx)
- Dr. Chessa Lutter Principal Advisor Santiago de Chile, November 19-22, 2009 What does it take for DOHaD to influence policy? (slideserve.com)
- SANTIAGO, Chile (AP) -- Chile President Michelle Bachelet said on Tuesday that she will travel to the city of Cuiaba in Brazil to support her country's World Cup team when it plays against Australia on June 13. (yahoo.com)
- Chilean Government to Make it All Better for Mapuche __ 'Last August 5 a ceremony took place where the president of Chile, Eduardo Frei, invited one thousand Mapuche leaders to La Moneda, the presidential palace in Santiago, to announce a 3-year investment plan of approx. (archaeolink.com)
- All these parasites represent new records for Chile and the first parasites reported for this host species. (scielo.org.mx)
- Central and Southern Chile is one of these hot spots, rich in endemic species because of its isolation from the rest of the continent. (scielo.cl)
- Loa River , Spanish Río Loa , river , northern Chile . (britannica.com)
- The genus Lynnyella is distributed in Central and Southern Chile. (scielo.cl)
- The new genus Lynnyella is distributed between 32º-42º South and 71º-73º West in Central and Southern Chile. (scielo.cl)
- Chile, a country that does not allow abortion, recently received the International Protect Life Award for being the country with the lowest maternal mortality rate in Latin America. (catholicnewsagency.com)
- The "Chile Grows With You" program is "a wonderful example of what a country and a government can do to promote the value of human life in its policies in a sensible and positive way," Ziedler said. (catholicnewsagency.com)
- A study by Dr. Elard Koch of the Department of Medicine at the University of Chile, which compared data on maternal deaths from abortion between 1957 and 2008, found that the rate had dropped 97.6 percent during the span of 51 years. (catholicnewsagency.com)
- Milk in Chile by Mintel Market Sizes provides you with annual year-end market size data, most recently updated in 2016. (marketresearch.com)
- Market size for Milk in Chile is given in CLP and litre with a minimum of five years' historical data. (marketresearch.com)
- Included with this snapshot is socio-economic data for Chile. (marketresearch.com)
- An Overview of the Mapuche and Aztec Military Response to the Spanish Conquest __ 'This paper analyses the military response to the Spanish conquest of the Indigenous peoples of Chile and Mexico from a comparative perspectives. (archaeolink.com)
- Based on the transferability of suppressiveness into the same sterile soil background, 20 soils were collected from different wheat-growing areas in southern Chile and were classified as either suppressive or conducive to the take-all disease under artificial inoculation in a greenhouse environment. (scielo.cl)