Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Child, Unwanted: The child who is not wanted by one or both parents.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Abortion Applicants: Individuals requesting induced abortions.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Coercion: The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.Hair Removal: Methods used to remove unwanted facial and body hair.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Repression, Psychology: The active mental process of keeping out and ejecting, banishing from consciousness, ideas or impulses that are unacceptable to it.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Illegitimacy: The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Sex Offenses: Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.Contraceptive Devices: Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Contraceptive Agents: Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Abortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.United StatesFamily Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Sexual Harassment: A form of discrimination in the workplace which violates the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Sexual harassment takes two forms: quid pro quo, where the employee must submit to sexual advances in exchange for job benefits or be penalized for refusing; or a hostile environment, where the atmosphere of the workplace is offensive and affects the employee's well-being. Offensive sexual conduct may include unwelcome advances, comments, touching, questions about marital status and sex practices, etc. Both men and women may be aggressors or victims. (Slee and Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed, p.404). While civil rights legislation deals with sexual harassment in the workplace, the behavior is not restricted to this; it may take place outside the work environment: in schools and colleges, athletics, and other social milieus and activities.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Infanticide: The killing of infants at birth or soon after.Erotica: Literary or artistic items having an erotic theme. It refers especially to books treating sexual love in a sensuous or voluptuous manner. (Webster, 3d ed)Natural Family Planning Methods: A class of natural contraceptive methods in which SEXUAL ABSTINENCE is practiced a few days before and after the estimated day of ovulation, during the fertile phase. Methods for determining the fertile period or OVULATION DETECTION are based on various physiological indicators, such as circulating hormones, changes in cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), and the basal body temperature.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Abortion, Criminal: Illegal termination of pregnancy.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Contraceptives, Postcoital: Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.IndiaPediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Schools: Educational institutions.Mid-Atlantic Region: A geographical area of the United States comprising the District of Columbia, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Child, Abandoned: A child or adolescent who is deserted by parents or parent substitutes without regard for its future care.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Hormonal: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Growth Disorders: Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.Child Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Rape: Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Intention: What a person has in mind to do or bring about.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.BoliviaCrime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Abortion, Therapeutic: Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Domestic Violence: Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Aid to Families with Dependent Children: Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Respiratory Sounds: Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Adoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Foster Home Care: Families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.BrazilInhibition (Psychology): The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Retention (Psychology): The persistence to perform a learned behavior (facts or experiences) after an interval has elapsed in which there has been no performance or practice of the behavior.Tonsillectomy: Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Adenoidectomy: Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Genetic Vectors: DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Intensive Care Units, Pediatric: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Niacin: A water-soluble vitamin of the B complex occurring in various animal and plant tissues. It is required by the body for the formation of coenzymes NAD and NADP. It has PELLAGRA-curative, vasodilating, and antilipemic properties.Infant Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.Adult Children: Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Kwashiorkor: A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Apoptosis: One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Child Restraint Systems: Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.Sexual Partners: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Levonorgestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.BangladeshChild Abuse, Sexual: Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Safe Sex: Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Battered Child Syndrome: A clinical condition resulting from repeated physical and psychological injuries inflicted on a child by the parents or caregivers.Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma: A neoplasm characterized by abnormalities of the lymphoid cell precursors leading to excessive lymphoblasts in the marrow and other organs. It is the most common cancer in children and accounts for the vast majority of all childhood leukemias.Intellectual Disability: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
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Donate your unwanted items to the Children's Center - Faculty & StaffDonate your unwanted items to the Children's Center. Look around your office areas or at home for these unwanted items that ... faculty staff , news , donate your unwanted items to the childrens center. ... Magazines (old and new) - parents', children's, food, nature for our magazine exchange and picture files ... could be used by the Children's Center:. *Envelopes: Junk mail and odd sized new envelopes for pre-writing activities and play ...
Fairy Tales for Unwanted Children: Episode 4: Bones in the GardenA girl finds a new friend in the garden, freshly uncovered by a storm. Please review and subscribe on iTunes. Fairy tale, audio drama, short story.
'Child Exchange': US adoptive parents pass on unwanted children to strangers via internet | Luz's Daughter...Child Exchange': US adoptive parents pass on unwanted children to strangers via internet. This I'm sure makes those who ... The term describes transactions between foster parents who want to get rid of kids they regret adopting, to strangers who can't ... on Capitol hill have been alerted by the media to the worrying trend of so called online re-homing for adopted children. ...
Drug Store Abortions Could Change Everything - But They Will Never Happen | Care2 CausesIt can also effect the future life of the unwanted child. Women must be offered a choice in respect to procreative decisions. ... To deny us the right to decide for ourselves what do to about an unwanted pregnancy is to deny us our personhood. Women are ... Besides, you can't get pregnant anyway, so you have no idea what sacrifices women have to make for the kids they WANT. From a ... Have you considered that proceeding with an unwanted pregnancy could also be just as, if not more, traumatic than an abortion? ...
Gender Determination - Predicting Baby Gender - Determining Fetus GenderGender determination in human beings is the technique to know the sex of an unborn child growing in the mother's fetus. Read ... Due to the wide misuse of sex determination technique around the world (i.e. to abort unwanted child that happens to be a girl ... Vegetarian Diet , Osteoporosis Risk Factors , How To Cure Stomach Aches In Children , Ectopic Pregnancy , Tummy Tuck In India ... Gender determination in human beings is the technique to know the sex of an unborn child growing in the mother's fetus. Read ...
Literary Cat Books at antiqbook.co.uk009400: BOWLEY, AGATHA H. - The psychology of the unwanted child. Foreword by S. Clement Brown. 006361: BOWLING, D.J.F. - ... Children of God. 0019486: BOND, BRIAN - War and Society in Europe, 1870-1970. 012738: BOND, D.A. (EDITOR) - Vicia Faba: Feeding ... 007552: ,BROWN, MABEL A. - Child Life in our Schools. A manual of method for teachers of infants' school based on the ... 007556: BRUCE, H. ADDINGTON (EDITOR) - The education of Karl Witte or the training of the child. Translated from the German by ...
Chinese babies sold to orphanages | The Wichita EagleIt had been an accepted practice among peasant families to sell unwanted children to other families. ... It is illegal in China to abandon a baby, even at an orphanage, so people would discard their unwanted daughters in the dark of ... Because Chen worked for the orphanage, rural people sometimes asked her to take their unwanted babies to the orphanage. The ... Chinese law had been strengthened in 1991 to clearly prohibit the "buying, selling, transfer and transit of children for the ...
Choosing to be child-free: Babies are alien-parasites.Slate recently asked readers who are child-free and happy to let us know all about it-and did you ever! We're posting some of ... The lesson was to illustrate how a mother, maybe a rape victim, felt about her unborn and unwanted child. ... Even as a middle school parasite-child, I knew I didn't want children. I have two little sisters. They weren't bad kids, but I ... Slate recently asked readers who are child-free and happy to let us know all about it-and did you ever! We're posting some of ...
Welfare Queens and the Hippocratic OathAnd with 1.5 million American families wanting to adopt a child, there is no such thing as an unwanted child. ... Isn't having children a "choice"?. She wanted to raise a lot of kids without a husband. Fine. Let's not be judgemental about ... She wanted to raise a lot of kids on welfare. Fine. Let's not punish the kids because mom is careless about getting pregnant: ... Let's not advise a mother not to have kids simply because of genetic or health problems that might endanger her kids health. ...
Similar - Books on Google PlayAnnie: As a child I was unwanted and unloved. Tossed aside until my maternal grandmother came to claim me. Life got better ... A child holds the hand of his dying mother and is terrified, aware something is taking her. Orphaned and given to an itinerant ... He was the father of her child, the one man she could always count on. Until one spring day Jed falls from the roof of the barn ... Andy and Laura had a plate full with a sick child and moving to a new state along with twins. Andy has a strong personality and ...
Biennial report of the North Carolina State Board of Health :: State Publications... "unwanted child" who suffers abuse or neglect. The entire community becomes involved, with its responsibility for supporting the ... "unwanted child" who suffers abuse or neglect. The entire community becomes involved, with its responsibility for supporting the ... 1920-1970 Year NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF HEALTH 51 mate birth results in an unwanted child, and is an unmitigated evil, is no ... 1920-1970 Year NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF HEALTH 51 mate birth results in an unwanted child, and is an unmitigated evil, is no ...
Pro-Choice or Pro-Life, Canada Needs a Clear Ruling on Abortion... "unwanted child." ... The Criminal Code currently states that a child becomes a human ... For the reproductively challenged, an unwanted pregnancy is inconceivable, as they languish in queue for years in order to ...
China's unwanted babies once mostly girls, now mostly sick, disabled | ReutersChinese orphanages have seen a falling number of abandoned children since 2005, but officials estimate some 10,000 unwanted ... "Child abandonment exists. Baby hatches won't encourage more parents to abandon children," said Wang Zhenyao, a social welfare ... "With more and more disabled children, it could mean they die if we find them 10 minutes late," said Ji Gang, an official with ... So the abandoned children tend to be of both genders - and they are usually seriously sick or disabled. ...
Kaspersky Total Security Multi-Device releaseKaspersky Safe Kids, a multi-platform solution for protecting children from unwanted content on the web. ... Kaspersky Safe Kids. Protect your children against unwelcome contacts, harmful content, malicious software and attacks. Windows ... Kaspersky Safe Kids for Windows Kaspersky Secure Connection Kaspersky Free For Mac. Kaspersky Internet Security for Mac ... Keep kids safe online More Internet safety tips Restore & disinfect the system. Kaspersky Virus Removal Tool (Windows) ...
Letters to the editor | savannahnow.com | Savannah Morning NewsLook at all the unwanted animals and children. Do people really care? I do. ... Do judges use their heads when it comes to children or animals? No, they don't, not in my opinion. ...
slavery | sociology | Britannica.comA variant on the selling of children was the exposure, either real or fictitious, of unwanted children, who were then rescued ... slavery - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11). The practice of people owning other people is called slavery. The owned people ... As stated above, the women and children often were not sent to the coast for export but were kept by the Africans themselves, ... In addition, the Chinese practiced self-sale into slavery, the sale of women and children (to satisfy debts or because the ...
Leukodystrophies - Adrenoleukodystrophy - Renal and Urology NewsIt can also lead to prenatal diagnostics (chorionic villi sampling) and prevention of unwanted children who carry the genetic ... The constellation of both cognitive and motor decline in a child within the first decade of life has a broad differential and ... It is important to monitor the platelet count and plasma saturated very long chain fatty acids while the child is taking ... Children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis can demonstrate similar symptoms. Vascular insults, ...
National Sausage Making as the Uterus Turns - Barbara SehrWhat America needs now is more unwanted poor children whose rights end at the second amendment. This result is something one ...
Anesthetic, Local (Topical Application Route) Proper Use - Mayo ClinicBenzocaine may be absorbed through the skin of young children and cause unwanted effects. There is no specific information ... After applying this medicine to the skin of a child, watch the child carefully to make sure that he or she does not get any of ... but it is possible that they may also cause unwanted effects in young children. Check with your doctor before using any product ... Children 2 years of age and older-Apply to the affected area three or four times a day as needed. Do not use more than 7.5 ...
REDSTAR Family Guide December 2013/ January 2014 - EnglishCharity Bazaar - children donated unwanted books and toys and sold them to raise funds to contribute to the Yew Chung Sichuan ... Cook and bake with your child. I have never met a child who didn't love to help with the cooking. Even a small child can help ... Do you want your child to learn piano or English/Chinese? Learn yourself too! When your child sees that you are also still ... There is a reason that children like to play, it's fun! •• Share your interests with your child. Do you like to read? Knit? ...
Family health makes moral and economic sense - CNNBetter nutrition and maternal care could save the lives of millions of children, says Melinda Gates ... There are already simple, proven ways to save millions more children, reduce unwanted pregnancies and keep mothers strong and ... Many of the children who die are newborns. Up to 70% of infants could be saved with inexpensive tools such as antibiotics for ... Mothers and children need food that is rich in vitamins and minerals, and when they don't get it, malnutrition increases the ...
Life Training Institute Blog: Infanticide, Pakistan, and the lack of Good Old Days [Jay]My friend and LTI Board member Chad Holland forwarded this story about unwanted children in Pakistan being abandoned and ... Whether it is a matter of inconvenience to have a child or whether they fear they will be stoned to death by others for being ... of the dead and abandoned children in relation to this article are girls) and will carry the burden of a future dowry. Such ... Historical demographers have identified sex ratios as high as four-to-one in favor of male children in areas of medieval Europe ...
OrthodoxyToday.orgThe Fathers told their spiritual children to avoid all sensory stimulation related to the passion. They recommended ... unwanted pregnancies, sexual transmitted disease, paraphilia (unconventional sexual behavior, animals, inanimate objects). ...
Unintended pregnancy: Unintended pregnancies are pregnancies that are mistimed, unplanned or unwanted at the time of conception. Unintended pregnancy mainly results from engaging in vaginal sexual activity without the use of contraception, or due to incorrect use of a contraceptive method, but may also arise from the failure of the contraception method when used correctly to prevent pregnancy.Mallow General Hospital: Mallow General Hospital is a public hospital located in Mallow, County Cork, Ireland.http://www.Medical abortion: A medical abortion is a type of non-surgical abortion in which abortifacient pharmaceutical drugs are used to induce abortion. An oral preparation for medical abortion is commonly referred to as an abortion pill.Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Parent structure: In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent structure, parent compound, parent name or simply parent is the denotation for a compound consisting of an unbranched chain of skeletal atoms (not necessarily carbon), or consisting of an unsubstituted monocyclic or polycyclic ring system.Reproductive coercion: Reproductive coercion (also called coerced reproduction) are threats or acts of violence against a partner's reproductive health or reproductive decision-making and is a collection of behaviors intended to pressure or coerce a partner into becoming a parent or ending a pregnancy. Reproductive coercion is a form of domestic violence, also known as intimate partner violence, where behavior concerning reproductive health is used to maintain power, control, and domination within a relationship and over a partner through an unwanted pregnancy.Hair removal: Hair removal, also known as epilation or depilation, is the deliberate removal of body hair.Motivated forgetting: Motivated forgetting is a theorized psychological behavior in which people may forget unwanted memories, either consciously or unconsciously. It is not a defence mechanism, since these are unconscious coping techniques used to reduce anxiety arising from unacceptable or potentially harmful impulses.Muskoka Initiative: The Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health is a funding initiative announced at the 36th G8 summit which commits member nations to collectively spend an additional $5 billion between 2010 and 2015 to accelerate progress toward the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5, the reduction of maternal, infant and child mortality in developing countries. A second summit on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health was held in Toronto from May 28-30, 2014 in follow-up to the original 36th G8 summit.Philip Stanhope (diplomat): Philip Stanhope (2 May 1732 – 16 November 1768) was the illegitimate son of Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield to whom the famous Letters to His Son were addressed. His mother was a French governess, Madelina Elizabeth du Bouchet.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.National Birth Control League: The National Birth Control League was a United States organization founded in the early 20th century to promoted the education and use of birth control.Mothers TalkQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingContraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977: Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977 is an Act of Parliament in New Zealand. It was passed shortly after the report from the Royal Commission on Contraception, Sterilisation and Abortion.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Electronic harassment: Electronic harassment is the purported use of electromagnetic waves to harass a victim. Psychologists have identified evidence of auditory hallucinations, delusional disorders or other mental illnesses in online communities supporting those who claim to be targeted.Stepfamily: The Stepfather}}Erotica UK: Erotica was an adult, consumer exhibition held each November at Olympia, London, UK. A mainstream ‘lifestyle show’ aimed primarily at women and couples, visitors were encouraged to celebrate or re-kindle their relationships with goods and services aimed to enhance their love lives.CycleBeads: CycleBeads is a visual tool that was developed by the Institute for Reproductive Health at Georgetown University. This device helps women use the Standard Days Method, a fertility awareness-based family planning method.Unsafe abortionShared parenting: Shared parenting refers to a collaborative arrangement in child custody or divorce determinations in which both parents have the right and responsibility of being actively involved in the raising of the child(ren). The term is often used as a synonym for joint physical custody, but the exact definitions vary, with different jurisdictions defining it in different ways, and different sources using the term in different ways.Behavior change (public health): Behavior change is a central objective in public health interventions,WHO 2002: World Health Report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life Accessed Feb 2015 http://www.who.Relationship Development Intervention: Relationship Development Intervention (RDI) is a trademarked proprietary treatment program for autism spectrum disorders (ASD), based on the belief that the development of dynamic intelligence is the key to improving the quality of life for individuals with autism. The program's core philosophy is that individuals with autism can participate in authentic emotional relationships if they are exposed to them in a gradual, systematic way.Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityBritish Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases: The British Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases is a system of diagnostic codes used for pediatrics.Waterladder pumpNested case-control study: A nested case control (NCC) study is a variation of a case-control study in which only a subset of controls from the cohort are compared to the incident cases. In a case-cohort study, all incident cases in the cohort are compared to a random subset of participants who do not develop the disease of interest.Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research: Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF), founded in 1988, performs basic research in the field of allergy and asthma with the aim to improve the understanding and treatment of these conditions, which affect around 30-40% of the westernized population. The Institute has its roots in the Tuberculosis Research Institute of Davos, a medical society founded in 1905 to study the beneficial effects of high altitude treatment of tuberculosis.St. Vrain Valley School DistrictCumberland Farms: Cumberland Farms is a regional chain of convenience stores based in Framingham, Massachusetts, and operating primarily in New England, portions of the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, and Florida. Cumberland Farms operates roughly 600 retail stores, gas stations, and a support system including petroleum and grocery distribution operations in 11 states, including Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.Abandoned child syndrome: Abandoned child syndrome is a behavioral or psychological condition that results primarily from the loss of one or both parents, or sexual abuse. Abandonment may be physical (the parent is not present in the child's life) or emotional (the parent withholds affection, nurturing, or stimulation).Madrasi chess: Madrasi chess is a chess variant invented in 1979 by Abdul Jabbar Karwatkar which uses the conventional rules of chess with the addition that when a piece is attacked by a piece of the same type but opposite colour (for example, a black queen attacking a white queen) it is paralysed and becomes unable to move, capture or give check. Most of the time, two like pieces attack each other mutually, meaning they are both paralysed (en passant pawn captures are an exception to this, since the attack is not mutual.Psychiatric interview: The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment.Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.Akron Children's Hospital: The Akron Children's Hospital is a children's hospital located in Akron, Ohio.A. Albert Yuzpe: Abraham Albert "Al" Yuzpe (born 1936) is a Canadian obstetrician-gynecologist known for his work on human fertility and emergency contraception.RengelMarian (2000).Emergency contraceptive availability by country: The following is a list of countries that allow access to dedicated-purpose emergency contraceptive pills.Nigerian Ports Authority: The Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) is a federal government agency that governs and operates the ports of Nigeria. The major ports controlled by the NPA include: the Lagos Port Complex and Tin Can Island Port in Lagos; Calabar Port, Delta Port, Rivers Port at Port Harcourt, and Onne Port.Idiopathic short statureFocus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities: Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the field of special education. The editors-in-chief are Alisa K.Interpersonal reflex: Interpersonal reflex is a term created by Timothy Leary and explained in the book, Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality: A functional theory and methodology for personality evaluation (1957).Evolution of human intelligence: The evolution of human intelligence refers to a set of theories that attempt to explain how human intelligence has evolved and are closely tied to the evolution of the human brain and to the origin of language.Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner: A Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) is a qualification for forensic nurses who have received special training to conduct sexual assault evidentiary exams for rape victims. Not all, but many SANE programs are coordinated by rape crisis centers rather than hospitals.Language delay: Language delay is a failure in children to develop language abilities on the usual age appropriate for their developmental timetable. Language delay is distinct from speech delay, in which the speech mechanism itself is the focus of delay.Congenital chloride diarrhea: Congenital chloride diarrhea (CCD, also congenital chloridorrhea or Darrow Gamble syndrome) is a genetic disorder due to an autosomal recessive mutation on chromosome 7. The mutation is in downregulated-in-adenoma (DRA), a gene that encodes a membrane protein of intestinal cells.Illegal drug trade in Bolivia: The illegal drug trade in Bolivia is complicated by a longstanding indigenous tradition of using coca leaf for chewing and for coca tea. In an example of the balloon effect, dramatic falls in coca cultivation in the late 1990s saw some cultivation move to Colombia.Language pedagogy: Language education may take place as a general school subject, in a specialized language school, or out of school with a rich selection of proprietary methods online and in books, CDs and DVDs. There are many methods of teaching languages.Cigarette smoking among college students: The rates of college students smoking in the United States have fluctuated for the past twenty years. Majority of lifelong smokers begin smoking habits before the age of 24, which makes the college years a crucial time in the study of cigarette consumption.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorderOutline of domestic violence: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to domestic violence:
(1/6) Crimes and misdemeanours: the case of child abandonment.
In 2002, a child was abandoned in a Burger King restaurant in Amsterdam by a Chinese woman, who hoped that the baby would be picked up by someone able to give the child a better life. She was convicted for child abandonment and imprisoned. Whereas some forms of child abandonment are criminalised, others are socially accepted and not even on the ethics agenda. This paper is an invitation to reflect on the inconsistency in the ways in which we prosecute, punish or try to correct some forms of child abandonment and yet make allowances for others. (+info)
(2/6) Misclassification bias and the estimated effect of parental involvement laws on adolescents' reproductive outcomes.
(3/6) Home and parenting resources available to siblings depending on their birth intention status.
(4/6) Perinatal characteristics of newborns relinquished at birth.
Demographic, perinatal, and newborn characteristics of single mothers relinquishing their newborns for adoption (N = 111) were compared with randomly selected and matched groups of mothers keeping their infants. Relinquishing mothers were younger, more apt to be Caucasian, Catholic, primiparous, and economically independent of government assistance, less likely to plan their pregnancies, and later starting prenatal care. In general, their pregnancies and infants were at no higher neonatal risk than those of other single mothers. (+info)
(5/6) Differentials in the planning status of most recent live births to Mexican Americans and Anglos.
Data from personal interviews with 705 Mexican American and 363 Anglo women during the 1979 U.S. Mexico Border Survey were analyzed to answer the question, To what extent do Mexican Americans and Anglos differ in having the number of children they want, when they want them? Mexican Americans had a significantly higher percentage of unwanted births than did Anglos. Much of this difference is related to the fact that Mexican Americans, when compared with Anglos, have completed fewer years of schooling and have incomes closer to the poverty threshold than do Anglos. Both Mexican Americans and Anglos had relatively moderate levels of planned births; thus, neither group is in full control of the number and timing of their births. Our results suggest that there is a substantial need for family planning services for Mexican Americans and Anglos in the Southwest. (+info)
(6/6) Consequences for children of their birth planning status.
Of 1,327 children younger than two in 1986 whose mothers were participants in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 61% were wanted, 34% were mistimed and 5% were unwanted. Planning status is associated with the level of developmental resources the child receives at home: At ages one and older, mistimed and unwanted children score significantly lower on a scale measuring opportunity for skill development and on a scale measuring nonauthoritarian parenting style than their wanted peers; by preschool age, they also have significantly less-positive relationships with their mothers. Measures of the direct effects of planning status on development also indicate that mistimed and unwanted children are at a disadvantage: Those younger than two have higher mean scores for fearfulness than wanted infants and lower scores for positive affect; unintended preschoolers score lower on a measure of receptive vocabulary. (+info)
- Gender determination in human beings is the technique to know the sex of an unborn child growing in the mother's fetus. (iloveindia.com)
- The lesson was to illustrate how a mother, maybe a rape victim, felt about her unborn and unwanted child. (slate.com)
- Because Chen worked for the orphanage, rural people sometimes asked her to take their unwanted babies to the orphanage. (kansas.com)
- Choosing to be child-free: Babies are alien-parasites. (slate.com)
- Dozens of babies have been secretly dropped off at "baby safety islands", or "baby hatches", set up since late last year under a scheme aimed at protecting unwanted offspring. (reuters.com)
- Chinese media frequently report harrowing tales of babies being abandoned, a problem attributed to young mothers unaware they are pregnant, the birth of an unwanted girl in a society which puts greater value on boys or China's strict family planning rules. (reuters.com)
- His story, which is backed up by hundreds of pages of documents gathered in his 2006 court case, shed light on the secretive process that has seen tens of thousands of girls born dirt-poor and unwanted in the Chinese countryside growing up in America with names like Kelly and Emily. (kansas.com)
- What America needs now is more unwanted poor children whose rights end at the second amendment. (seattlepi.com)
- Let's not advise a mother not to have kids simply because of genetic or health problems that might endanger her kids health. (bloggernews.net)
- The constellation of both cognitive and motor decline in a child within the first decade of life has a broad differential and includes infectious, autoimmune, toxic, vascular, neoplastic, and genetic conditions. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Let's not punish the kids because mom is careless about getting pregnant: let the taxpayer pay for all of them to live (and of course let Grandmom do a lot of the hard work of raising the kids). (bloggernews.net)
- She wanted to get pregnant even though several of her kids had disabilities. (bloggernews.net)
- She wanted to get pregnant by IVF even though she was single and had six kids and was on welfare. (bloggernews.net)
- With more and more disabled children, it could mean they die if we find them 10 minutes late," said Ji Gang, an official with the China Centre for Children's Welfare and Adoption. (reuters.com)
- Baby hatches won't encourage more parents to abandon children," said Wang Zhenyao, a social welfare expert. (reuters.com)
- If there were such a system, a lot of parents wouldn't abandon their children," said Ji, of the welfare and adoption centre. (reuters.com)
- Due to the wide misuse of sex determination technique around the world (i.e. to abort unwanted child that happens to be a girl in maximum cases), gender determination tests have been banned by many countries such as India. (iloveindia.com)
- At the time, the Communist Party's campaign to limit population size was running strong, and overly zealous cadres would sometimes demolish the houses of families that had more than one child (two for peasants if the first was a girl, because rural families wanted boys to carry on the family name). (kansas.com)
- The term describes transactions between foster parents who want to get rid of kids they regret adopting, to strangers who can't or won't adopt through legal channels. (wordpress.com)
- Similarly, in the past, many physicians would refuse to perform fertility treatment for an unmarried woman, one one who isÂ merely living with a boyfriend because a child is best raised in a stable environment with two parents. (bloggernews.net)
- The Criminal Code currently states that a child becomes a human being when "it has completely proceeded, in a living state, from the body of its mother whether or not it has breathed, it has independent circulation or the naval string is severed. (huffingtonpost.ca)
- Rising incomes, changing attitudes toward girls and weaker enforcement of the one-child policy had combined to stem the widespread dumping of baby girls. (kansas.com)
- Once orphanages in China were overwhelmingly filled with girls due to the cultural preference for male heirs and three decades of a strict one-child policy - if couples were allowed only one child, many wanted to make sure it was a boy. (reuters.com)
- A child is a proud role model for any parasite. (slate.com)
- In the case of gays, traditional religions see such relationships as dysfunctional (since the child lacks a positive male role model) and unstable. (bloggernews.net)
- Chinese law had been strengthened in 1991 to clearly prohibit the "buying, selling, transfer and transit of children for the purpose to sell. (kansas.com)
- Chinese orphanages have seen a falling number of abandoned children since 2005, but officials estimate some 10,000 unwanted children are still received each year. (reuters.com)
- Sex determination in human beings can be described as the process through which an expecting couple is able to determine whether the child growing in the mother's womb is a male or a female. (iloveindia.com)
- She wanted to raise a lot of kids without a husband. (bloggernews.net)
- At fifty years old, she's a cognitive psychology professor at Harvard and a world-renowned expert in linguistics with a successful husband and three grown children. (google.com)
- Part of what made me leave was that he wanted to have children, and I just wasn't sure how comfortable I was with the idea. (slate.com)
- So now I cheerfully tell anyone who mentions it-friend, family, co-worker, overly friendly stranger-that no, thank you, I will not have kids/parasites for reasons that will probably insult you. (slate.com)
- Be a true hero to your child and embrace the surprise of their life. (ceelinda.blog)
- A variant on the selling of children was the exposure, either real or fictitious, of unwanted children, who were then rescued by others and made slaves. (britannica.com)
- The demand kept going up and up, and so did the prices," recalled Duan, who was released from prison last month after serving about four years of a six-year sentence for child trafficking. (kansas.com)
- With hormones flying and love blinding me, my high school sweetheart and I dated for three years, and yes, during that time we planned our wedding and named our kids. (slate.com)
- For the reproductively challenged, an unwanted pregnancy is inconceivable, as they languish in queue for years in order to adopt an "unwanted child. (huffingtonpost.ca)