Sports Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology related to EXERCISE or ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE.Elder Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of adults aged 65 years of age and older.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Dental Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the DENTITION.Digestive System and Oral Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and DENTITION as a whole or of any of its parts.Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena: Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena: Properties, and processes of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM and the NERVOUS SYSTEM or their parts.Circulatory and Respiratory Physiological Phenomena: Functional processes and properties characteristic of the BLOOD; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.Integumentary System Physiological Phenomena: The properties and relationships and biological processes that characterize the nature and function of the SKIN and its appendages.Reproductive Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes, factors, properties and characteristics pertaining to REPRODUCTION.Physiological Phenomena: The functions and properties of living organisms, including both the physical and chemical factors and processes, supporting life in single- or multi-cell organisms from their origin through the progression of life.Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.Urinary Tract Physiological Phenomena: Properties, functions, and processes of the URINARY TRACT as a whole or of any of its parts.Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Virus Physiological Phenomena: Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Digestive System Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Blood Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the BLOOD.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Ocular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.Nervous System Physiological Phenomena: Characteristic properties and processes of the NERVOUS SYSTEM as a whole or with reference to the peripheral or the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Respiratory Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Cell Physiological Phenomena: Cellular processes, properties, and characteristics.Skin Physiological Phenomena: The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.Plant Physiological Phenomena: The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Bacterial Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.

*  Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Misreporting of Energy Intake in the 2007 Australian Children's Survey: Identification,...
Data from the 2007 Australian Children's Survey which included 4800 children aged 2-16 years were used to examine the extent of ... The prevalence of under-reporting among all children varied from 5.0% to 6.7%, and over-reporting from 1.6% to 3.0% depending ... Over-reporting was more common among children with a lower BMI and lower PAL. In conclusion, misreporting of EI is present ... in a subset of children. Linear regression was used to determine the impact of misreporting on the association between EI and ...
*  Books - Medicine - Terkko Navigator
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Child Nutritional Physiological ... Children, Infants, Nutrition disorders in children, Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Nutrition Assessment, ... Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Handbooks and manuals. Holt, ... Aging, Skin, Skin Care, Skin Physiological Phenomena, Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Dietary Supplements, Skin Diseases, ...
*  Growth faltering: how to catch up? - Department of Paediatrics
Child, Child Nutrition Disorders, Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Child, Preschool, Failure to Thrive, Humans, ... 2017 University of Oxford, Department of Paediatrics, Level 2, Children's Hospital, John Radcliffe, Headington, Oxford, OX3 9DU ...
*  A culturally appropriate intervention to improve health behaviors in Hispanic mother-child dyads. - PubMed - NCBI
Child Obes. 2013 Apr;9(2):157-63. doi: 10.1089/chi.2012.0118. Epub 2013 Mar 20. Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research ... Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Child, Preschool. *Family Health. *Feasibility Studies. *Female. *Health Behavior*/ ... maternal BMI decreased while children's BMI% remained stable. At 6 months postintervention, children's soda and juice ... A culturally appropriate intervention to improve health behaviors in Hispanic mother-child dyads.. Bender MS1, Nader PR, ...
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Metabolic Phenomena, Cell Physiological Phenomena, mRNA translation, ribosomes, protein synthesis, genome-wide analysis, ... Institutions: Children's Mercy Hospital and Clinics, School of Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas City. ... Biochemistry, Issue 87, Cells, Eukaryota, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases, Neoplasms, ... Institutions: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. ...
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Metabolic Phenomena, Cell Physiological Phenomena, mRNA translation, ribosomes, protein synthesis, genome-wide analysis, ... Institutions: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Perelman ... Biochemistry, Issue 87, Cells, Eukaryota, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases, Neoplasms, ... We describe an in vitro method to measure bladder smooth muscle contractility, and its use for investigating physiological and ...
*  Search Results for 'Images from the History of Medicine (IHM)' 'Spanish' 'French'
Child Health Services. Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. 5. Declaration of the Paris AIDS Summit: Déclaration, Sommet de ... 1. Child Alive: Que vive l'enfant = Para que vivan los niños ... 2. Child Alive: Que vive l'enfant = Para que vivan los niños ... Child Alive: Que vive l'enfant = Para que vivan los niños 2 ... Child Health Services. Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. ...
*  School lunch politics : the surprising history of America's favorite welfare program (Livre, 2008) []
Susan Levine] -- From the Publisher: Whether kids love or hate the food served there, the American school lunchroom is the ... Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena"@en ; ... nutritional_physiological_phenomena> ; # Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. schema:about physiological_phenomena> # Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Adolescent ...
*  Nutrition influences bone development from infancy through toddler years.
Nutritional factors that may contribute to bone accretion in infants and toddlers include maternal nutritional stat ... the last decade a greater appreciation has developed for determining factors that influence bone accretion in healthy children ... Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant Food. Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Infant, Newborn. Milk, ... Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Nutritional Status. Pregnancy / physiology. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S ...
*  Variation in fat, lactose and protein in human milk over 24 h and throughout the first year of lactation.
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology. Infant, Newborn. Lactation / physiology*. Lactose / analysis, ... Child Development / physiology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Growth / physiology. Humans. Infant. ...
*  Dietary patterns in infancy and cognitive and neuropsychological function in childhood. - Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics,...
Whether dietary composition influences young children's cognition in developed countries is unclear. Although many studies have ... children whose diet in infancy was characterised by high consumption of fruit, vegetables and home-prepared foods ('infant ... there has been no investigation of the possible effect of variations in the weaning diet.We studied 241 children aged 4 years, ... Trials in developing countries suggest that improving young children's diet may benefit cognitive development. ...
*  Infant feeding practices, childhood growth and obesity in adult life.
... and there is growing interest surrounding the possibility that child nutritional status and infant feeding practices may be ... Child health is widely affected by nutritional status, ... Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*. ... Child health is widely affected by nutritional status, and there is growing interest surrounding the possibility that child ... Child. Child Development / physiology*. Energy Intake. Feeding Behavior*. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Infant ...
*  A qualitative study of the factors that influence mothers when choosing drinks for their young children :: Research Publications
Carbonated Beverages/adverse effects; Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Child, Preschool; Choice Behavior; Dental ... Child age: Water was the main beverage for the youngest child however it was seen as more acceptable to give older children ... had two children, 22% had three children, and 13% had four chil-dren living with them (inclusive of study child). Ninety per ... had two children, 22% had three children, and 13% had four chil-dren living with them (inclusive of study child). Ninety per ...
*  Center for Theoretical & Mathematical Sciences » People
Nutritional Physiological PhenomenaNutritional Status • Oligopeptides • One-Carbon Group Transferases • Organ Culture ... ChildChild, Preschool • Choline • Chromosome Mapping • Classification • Cloaca • Cold Temperature • Color • Computational ... Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena • Animals • Anopheles • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal • Antidepressive ... Skin Physiological Phenomena • Skin Transplantation • Social Dominance • Species Specificity • Spermatogenesis • Spermatozoa • ...
*  Human nutrition |
... and conduct numerous physiological and biosynthetic activities, including synthesis of new tissue in growing children and in ... See nutritional disease.). Lipids. Lipids also contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen but in a different configuration, having ... This phenomenon, known as the thermic effect of food (or diet-induced thermogenesis), accounts for about 10 percent of daily ... nutritional labelUnderstanding food labels, nutrition, and health.. © American Chemical Society. The energy present in food can ...
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Metabolic Phenomena, Cell Physiological Phenomena, mRNA translation, ribosomes, protein synthesis, genome-wide analysis, ... Institutions: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania .. ChIP-sequencing (ChIP-seq) ... Biochemistry, Issue 87, Cells, Eukaryota, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases, Neoplasms, ... A variety of cellular processes, both physiological and pathophysiological, require or are governed by calcium, including ...
*  Adiposity is not altered in preterm infants fed with a nutrient-enriched formula after hospital discharge.
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Infant, Newborn. Infant, Premature / growth & development*. Male. Patient ... Department of Pediatrics, Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA. ...
*  Polycystic ovary syndrome | Archives of Disease in Childhood
1 11 This phenomenon may be regarded as one mechanism by which nutritional status can influence reproductive development. In ... Copyright © 2017 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. All rights reserved.. 京ICP备15042040号 ... girls with polycystic ovaries, thephysiological hyperinsulinaemia of puberty may affect the genesis of both ovarian ... Polycystic ovaries can be identified on ultrasound, even in prepubertal children. The prevalence of polycystic ovaries ...
*  Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus | definition of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus by Medical dictionary
... although extremely obese children are now being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes as well. See: table; dawn phenomenon; insulin; ... and allowing for the patient's nutritional and psychosocial needs and preferences. Assistance is offered to help the patient ... or physiological or psychological stress is persistent. ... Children with this form of DM are not prone to diabetic ... 2. Type 2 DM occurring in an obese child or adolescent. The syndrome is sometimes referred to as "mature onset diabetes of ...
*  analysis - CISMeF
infant nutritional physiological phenomena. infant food. nutritional requirements. infant. feeding behavior. diet. infant food ... child. Childhood asthma (disorder). air pollution, indoor. ventilation. Home. House. air pollution, indoor. air pollution, ... child. smoking. tobacco smoke pollution. pregnancy. adult. adolescent. cause of death. mortality. age distribution. sex ... child. health technology assessment. nitric oxide. asthma. monitoring, physiologic. practice guidelines as topic. Childhood ...
*  Immune System facts, information, pictures | articles about Immune System
Boost Your Child's Immune System: A Program and Recipes for Raising Strong, Healthy Kids. New York: Newmarket Press, 2005. ... This phenomenon of hypersensitivity, called anaphylaxis , showed that immune responses could cause the body to damage itself. ... As nutritional paradigms have shifted from preventing deficiency to promoting optimal health, nutrition scientists have also ... and vitamin B6 as a result of physiological changes due to aging or to inadequate dietary intakes. Pregnant and lactating women ...
*  Antioxidant capacity of human milk and its association with vitamins A and E and fatty acid composition.
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Infant, Newborn. Milk, Human / chemistry*, metabolism. Oxidative Stress / drug ... The samples were transferred frozen to the Nutrition Research Laboratory at the Child and Family Research Institute (CFRI) and ... Human milk: nutritional aspects of a dynamic foodBiol NeonateYear: 19987484939691151. 2. Hartman HM,Dryden LP. Webb BH,Johnson ... In the present study, the nutritional composition of human milk samples was measured with respect to the concentrations of ...
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Metabolic Phenomena, Cell Physiological Phenomena, mRNA translation, ribosomes, protein synthesis, genome-wide analysis, ... The accuracy of these models when used for children is limited2, because the composition and spatial configuration of head ... Biochemistry, Issue 87, Cells, Eukaryota, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases, Neoplasms, ... The physiological properties of hippocampal neurons are commonly investigated, especially because of the involvement of the ...
*  Aug/Sept 2003 Table of Contents, Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients
Chewing the Fat: The Low-Carb Diet Phenomenon. by Stephen Byrnes, PhD, RNCP. What next? First, HRT drugs are proven to be far ... Nutritional Immune Modulation Therapies for CFIDS. Lecture by Michael Rosenbaum, MD (presented at The Physician Conference on ... Supporting our Children's Physical and Mental Health with Whole Foods. by Gina L. Nick, PhD, ND ... The Restoration of L-Tryptophan with Its Numerous Physiological Benefits. by Morton Walker, DPM. The natural amino acid L- ...

(1/714) Caregiver behaviors and resources influence child height-for-age in rural Chad.

The purpose of this study was to identify caregiver characteristics that influence child nutritional status in rural Chad, when controlling for socioeconomic factors. Variables were classified according to the categories of a UNICEF model of care: caregiving behaviors, household food security, food and economic resources and resources for care and health resources. Sixty-four households with 98 children from ages 12 to 71 mo were part of this study. Caregivers were interviewed to collect information on number of pregnancies, child feeding and health practices, influence on decisions regarding child health and feeding, overall satisfaction with life, social support, workload, income, use of income, and household food expenditures and consumption. Household heads were questioned about household food production and other economic resources. Caregiver and household variables were classified as two sets of variables, and separate regression models were run for each of the two sets. Significant predictors of height-for-age were then combined in the same regression model. Caregiver influence on child-feeding decisions, level of satisfaction with life, willingness to seek advice during child illnesses, and the number of individuals available to assist with domestic tasks were the caregiver factors associated with children's height-for-age. Socioeconomic factors associated with children's height-for-age were the amount of harvested cereals, the sources of household income and the household being monogamous. When the caregiver and household socioeconomic factors were combined in the same model, they explained 54% of the variance in children's height-for-age, and their regression coefficients did not change or only slightly increased, except for caregiver's propensity to seek advice during child illnesses, which was no longer significant. These results indicate that caregiver characteristics influence children's nutritional status, even while controlling for the socioeconomic status of the household.  (+info)

(2/714) Enteropathogenic bacteria in faecal swabs of young children fed on lactic acid-fermented cereal gruels.

The influence of consumption of a lactic acid-fermented cereal gruel togwa with pH < or = 4 on the presence of faecal enteric bacteria such as campylobacter, enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC:O157), enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), salmonella and shigella was evaluated. Under 5 years old healthy children listed in an ascending order of age were alternatively assigned and given either a lactic-acid fermented cereal gruel togwa (test diet) or an unfermented cereal gruel uji (control diet) once a day for 13 consecutive days. The presence of the enteropathogens was examined in rectal swabs collected from the children at baseline (before feeding session started), on days 7 and 13, and additionally 14 days (follow-up day) after the feeding session had stopped. The swabs were cultured on to different optimal media for respective enteropathogen and confirmed by standard microbiological and serological methods. Campylobacter spp. dominated among the enteropathogens (62% out of total) followed by Salmonella spp., ETEC and Shigella spp. Children with isolated enteropathogens in the togwa group was significantly reduced (P < 0.001) from 27.6% at baseline to 7.8, 8.2 and 12.7% on days 7, 13 and follow-up day, respectively. The effect was more pronounced in those children taking togwa > 6 times during the study period. In the control group, there was a slight decrease from 16.7% at baseline to 11.4% on day 7 and 8.1% on day 13. On the follow-up day, enteropathogens were found in 22.6% of the children, which was significantly higher than in those children taking togwa > 6 times. We conclude, that regular consumption of togwa with pH < or = 4, once a day, three times a week may help to control intestinal colonization with potential diarrhoea-causing pathogens in young children.  (+info)

(3/714) Cost-effective treatment for severely malnourished children: what is the best approach?

In urban Bangladesh, 437 children with severe malnutrition aged 12-60 months were sequentially allocated to treat either as i) inpatients, ii) day care, or iii) domiciliary care after one week of day care. Average institutional cost (US$) to achieve 80% weight-for-height were respectively $156, $59 and $29/child. As a proportion of the overall costs, staff salaries were the largest component, followed by laboratory tests. Parental costs were highest for domiciliary care, as no food supplements were provided. Nevertheless it was the option most preferred by parents and when the institutional and parental costs were combined, domiciliary care was 1.6 times more cost-effective than day care, and 4.1 times more cost-effective than inpatient care. CONCLUSION: With careful training and an efficient referral system, domiciliary care preceded by one week of day care is the most cost-effective treatment option for severe malnutrition in this setting.  (+info)

(4/714) The Pathways study: a model for lowering the fat in school meals.

We describe the development and implementation of the Pathways school food service intervention during the feasibility phase of the Pathways study. The purpose of the intervention was to lower the amount of fat in school meals to 30% of energy to promote obesity prevention in third- through fifth-grade students. The Pathways nutrition staff and the food service intervention staff worked together to develop 5 interrelated components to implement the intervention. These components were nutrient guidelines, 8 skill-building behavioral guidelines, hands-on materials, twice yearly trainings, and monthly visits to the kitchens by the Pathways nutrition staff. The components were developed and implemented over 18 mo in a pilot intervention in 4 schools. The results of an initial process evaluation showed that 3 of the 4 schools had implemented 6 of the 8 behavioral guidelines. In an analysis of 5 d of school menus from 3 control schools, the lunch menus averaged from 34% to 40% of energy from fat; when the menus were analyzed by using the food preparation and serving methods in the behavioral guidelines, they averaged 31% of energy from total fat. This unique approach of 5 interrelated food service intervention components was accepted in the schools and is now being implemented in the full-scale phase of the Pathways study in 40 schools for 5 y.  (+info)

(5/714) The Narangwal Nutrition Study: a summary review.

Between April 1968 and May 1973 the department of International Health of The Johns Hopkins University carried out investigations into the interactions of malnutrition and infection and their effects on preschool child growth, morbidity and mortality in 10 villages of Punjab, North India. Base line surveys before the introduction of services revealed a high prevalence of malnutrition and undernutrition and infectious disease morbidity, as well as lack of accessibility, underutilization and poor population coverage of governmental health services. Study villages were selected in separate clusters and allocated to a control group and three service groups in which nutrition care and medical care were provided singly and in combination by auxiliary health workers resident in each village. Outcome effects were measured through means of longitudinal and cross-sectional surveys. Service inputs and service costs were similarly monitored. Results showed significant improvement of growth (weight and height) and hemoglobin levels of children. Perinatal mortality was reduced by nutrition supplementation to pregnant women. Medical care significantly reduced postneonatal and 1 to 3 mortality, and decreased illness duration of all six conditions examined in this paper. The auxiliary health worker capably managed more than 90% of health needs on her own and referred the rest safely to the physician. Analysis of cost per child death averted showed that cost-effectiveness declined with increasing age of the child. Prenatal nutrition care to pregnant women was most cost-effective in preventing perinatal deaths followed by medical care for infants, and then medical care for the 1 to 3 year age group. The relevance of the field research to national or international endeavors to solve present health problems of developing nations and the timeliness of projects such as the Narangwal Nutrition Study is also evaluated.  (+info)

(6/714) Feeding problems in merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy.

Feeding difficulties were assessed in 14 children (age range 2-14 years) with merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy, a disease characterised by severe muscle weakness and inability to achieve independent ambulation. Twelve of the 14 children were below the 3rd centile for weight. On questioning, all parents thought their child had difficulty chewing, 12 families modified the diet, and 13 children took at least 30 minutes to complete a meal. On examination the mouth architecture was abnormal in 13 children. On videofluoroscopy only the youngest child (2 years old), had a normal study. The others all had an abnormal oral phase (breakdown and manipulation of food and transfer to oropharynx). Nine had an abnormal pharyngeal phase, with a delayed swallow reflex. Three of these also showed pooling of food in the larynx and three showed frank aspiration. These six cases all had a history of recurrent chest infections. Six of eight children who had pH monitoring also had gastro-oesophageal reflux. As a result of the study five children had a gastrostomy, which stopped the chest infections and improved weight gain. This study shows that children with merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy have difficulties at all stages of feeding that progress with age. Appropriate intervention can improve weight gain and reduce chest infections. The severity of the problem has not been previously appreciated in this disease, and the study shows the importance of considering the nutritional status in any child with a primary muscle disorder.  (+info)

(7/714) Preparing for the next round: convalescent care after acute infection.

Infections pose a nutritional stress on the growing child. No therapeutic goal is as important as the rapid recovery of preillness weight after acute infections. Successful convalescence, with supernormal growth rates, can be achieved with relatively brief periods of intensive refeeding, offsetting any tendency toward reduced immune defenses or other nutritionally determined susceptibilities to further infection. Since the mother is the only person who can effectively manage convalescent care, she must be given specific tasks with measurable targets in order to reliably oversee the child's rehabilitation. Not generally considered in the realm of preventive medicine, effective home-based convalencent care is the first crucial step in preventing the next round of illness. An approach to the widespread mobilization of mothers to monitor and sustain their children's growth is proposed in this paper. Rather than a passive recipient of health services, the mother becomes the basic health worker, providing diagnostic and therapeutic primary care for her child. Only the mother can break the malnutrition-infection cycle.  (+info)

(8/714) Peritoneal transport properties and dialysis dose affect growth and nutritional status in children on chronic peritoneal dialysis. Mid-European Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Study Group.

To evaluate a possible effect of peritoneal transport properties and dialysis dose on the physical development of children on chronic peritoneal dialysis, a cohort of 51 children was prospectively followed for 18 mo. Peritoneal transport characteristics were assessed by serial peritoneal equilibration tests (PET), dialysis efficacy by dialysate and residual renal clearance measurements, and growth and nutritional status by the longitudinal changes (delta) of height SD score (SDS), body mass index (BMI) SDS, and serum albumin. delta height SDS was negatively correlated with the creatinine equilibration rate observed in the initial PET (r = -0.31, P < 0.05). Multiple regression analysis confirmed the negative effect of the high transporter state (partial r2 = 0.07), and disclosed an additional positive effect of dialytic C(Cr) (partial r2 = 0.11) and a weak negative effect of daily dialysate volume (partial r2 = 0.04) on delta height SDS. delta BMI SDS was strongly age-dependent (r = -0.48, P < 0.001); while relative body mass gradually increased below 4 yr of age, it remained stable in older children. Positive changes in BMI SDS were associated with rapid PET creatinine equilibration rates (univariate r = 0.35, P < 0.05) and/or large dialysate volumes (multivariate partial r2 = 0.11), suggesting a role of dialytic glucose uptake in the development of obesity. The change in serum albumin concentrations was positively correlated with dialysate volume (partial r2 = 0.14), and negatively affected by dialytic protein losses (partial r2 = 0.06). In conclusion, the peritoneal transporter state is a weak but significant determinant of growth and body mass gain in children on chronic peritoneal dialysis. Rapid small solute equilibration contributes to impaired growth but enhanced acquisition of body mass. Dialytic small solute clearance has a weak positive effect on statural growth independent of the transporter state, but does not affect body mass gain.  (+info)

  • Humans
  • Night blindness may be a feature of severe zinc deficiency, however most reports of night blindness and abnormal dark adaptation in humans with zinc deficiency have occurred in combination with other nutritional deficiencies (e.g. vitamin A). Impaired immune function in people with zinc deficiency can lead to the development of respiratory, gastrointestinal, or other infections, e.g., pneumonia. (
  • An example of an iteroparous organism is a human-though people may choose to have only one child (or even none), humans are biologically capable of having offspring many times over the course of their lives. (
  • puberty
  • In the 21st century, the average age at which children, especially girls, reach puberty is lower compared to the 19th century, when it was 15 for girls and 16 for boys. (
  • The main steroid hormones, testosterone, estradiol, and progesterone as well as prolactin play important physiological functions in puberty. (
  • Menarche is the culmination of a series of physiological and anatomic processes of puberty: Attainment of a sufficient body mass (typically 17% body fat). (
  • cellular
  • This work is revealing that the control of body and organ size does not reside in any specific cellular or molecular mechanism but that it is a systems property in which cellular, physiological and environmental signals all contribute in inextricable ways to produce the final phenotype. (
  • digestion
  • Usana produces three product lines: Usana Nutritionals (Essentials, Optimizers, and Digestion/Detox nutritional supplements), Usana Diet & Energy (Reset meal replacement shakes, protein bars, and Rev3 energy drinks), and Sensé personal care (skin care, skin treatment, and hair & body care products). (
  • Diet
  • Although many studies have examined the relation between type of milk received in infancy and subsequent cognition, there has been no investigation of the possible effect of variations in the weaning diet.We studied 241 children aged 4 years, whose diet had been assessed at age 6 and 12 months. (
  • His studies of the nutritional status of school children in Cambridge showed that supplementation of the diet with vitamins had little effect on their general health. (
  • Status
  • Data from the 2007 Australian Children's Survey which included 4800 children aged 2-16 years were used to examine the extent of misreporting based on EI, physical activity level (PAL), age, gender, height and weight status. (
  • Method: Semi-structured interviews (n = 32) were conducted with a purposive sample of mothers of young children from Victoria's Barwon South Western Region (selected from a larger cohort study to include families consuming different types of water, and different socioeconomic status and size). (
  • Recent applications emphasize the development of increasingly sophisticated techniques to detect additional proteins, genetic material, and markers of nutritional status. (
  • Health
  • A culturally appropriate intervention to improve health behaviors in Hispanic mother-child dyads. (
  • We evaluated the feasibility of a culturally relevant 9-month intervention program to improve health behaviors in low-income Mexican mothers with 3- to 5-year-old children. (
  • A community engagement approach was used to culturally and linguistically tailor an intervention program that was pilot tested with 33 mother-child dyads enrolled from a large California urban health center. (
  • Conclusions: Limiting intake of sweet drinks is considered an important step for child general and oral health. (
  • In 2005, the Victorian Child Health and Wellbeing Survey (VCHWS) included a question to capture tap water consumption for the first time, with findings demonstrating that 50% of children residing in rural and regional Victoria were not drinking tap water at the time . (
  • childhood
  • Furthermore, water fluorid-ation can benefit at-risk children as it has been associated with fewer childhood caries regardless of socio economic background [17, (
  • effects
  • The same year, he started research at the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory in Cambridge, working principally on the effects of dietary vitamins. (
  • Services
  • pages needed] Medico-legal psychiatric assessments are also utilized in the context of child safety and child protection services. (
  • A child psychiatrist can carry out an assessment of parenting capacity, taking into consideration the mental state of both the child and the parents, and this may be used by child protective services to decide whether a child should be placed in an alternative care arrangement such as foster care. (
  • drink
  • Results: Several themes emerged as influencing child drink choice. (
  • Psychogenic polydipsia, or excessive fluid intake in the absence of physiological reasons to drink, is relatively common in people with schizophrenia. (
  • research
  • His account of the phenomenon inspired the research of Jacques Monod, who later worked out a detailed mechanism for the induction of enzymes in bacteria and was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work. (
  • Decisions
  • most specifically, who decides what American children should be eating, what policies develop from those decisions, and how these policies might be better implemented. (
  • Publisher
  • From the Publisher: Whether kids love or hate the food served there, the American school lunchroom is the stage for one of the most popular yet flawed social welfare programs in our nation's history. (
  • common
  • Over-reporting was more common among children with a lower BMI and lower PAL. (
  • Distortions of self-experience such as feeling as if one's thoughts or feelings are not really one's own to believing thoughts are being inserted into one's mind, sometimes termed passivity phenomena, are also common. (
  • average
  • Moreover, children from three industrial towns in Scotland were, on average, inferior in the same four measurements to the average Cambridge child, and the children from the poorer families in the Scottish towns were inferior in these measurements to those from the wealthier families. (
  • among
  • The prevalence of under-reporting among all children varied from 5.0% to 6.7%, and over-reporting from 1.6% to 3.0% depending on the option used. (
  • program
  • In the midst of privatization, federal budget cuts, and suspect nutritional guidelines where even ketchup might be categorized as a vegetable, the program remains popular and feeds children who would otherwise go hungry. (
  • lower
  • The studies also showed serendipitously that children from a poorer area of Cambridge were shorter and lighter, and had lower haemoglobin levels and a weaker grip, than those from a wealthier area. (