Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)British Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)Alberta: A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)Quebec: A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)Manitoba: A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. Its capital is Winnipeg. Taking its name from Lake Manitoba, itself named for one of its islands, the name derived from Algonquian Manitou, great spirit. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p724 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p332)Nova Scotia: A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NEW BRUNSWICK; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Halifax. The territory was granted in 1621 by James I to the Scotsman Sir William Alexander and was called Nova Scotia, the Latin for New Scotland. The territory had earlier belonged to the French, under the name of Acadia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p871 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p384)Northwest Territories: A federally administered division of Canada. Its capital is Yellowknife. The former northern and eastern-most parts of the Territory comprise the new territory of Nunavut, effective April 1, 1999.Saskatchewan: A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Alberta and Manitoba. Its capital is Regina. It is entirely a plains region with prairie in the south and wooded country with many lakes and swamps in the north. The name was taken from the Saskatchewan River from the Cree name Kisiskatchewani Sipi, meaning rapid-flowing river. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1083 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p486)Nunavut: A self-governing territory formed from the central and eastern portions of the Northwest Territories. It was officially established April 1, 1999. The capital is Iqaluit.Yukon Territory: A territory of northwest Canada, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the south by British Columbia, and on the west by Alaska. Its capital is Whitehorse. It takes its name from the Yukon River, the Indian yu-kun-ah, meaning big river. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1367 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p608)Newfoundland and Labrador: Province of Canada consisting of the island of Newfoundland and an area of Labrador. Its capital is St. John's.Inuits: Inuktitut-speakers generally associated with the northern polar region.Prince Edward Island: An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)New Brunswick: A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NOVA SCOTIA; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Fredericton. It was named in honor of King George III, of the House of Hanover, also called Brunswick. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p828 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)Single-Payer System: An approach to health care financing with only one source of money for paying health care providers. The scope may be national (the Canadian System), state-wide, or community-based. The payer may be a governmental unit or other entity such as an insurance company. The proposed advantages include administrative simplicity for patients and providers, and resulting significant savings in overhead costs. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993, p106)Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.GeeseNational Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.North AmericaPopulation Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.American Native Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.

*  Your healthcare team - Canadian Cancer Society

If you are outside Canada. We can give information about cancer care and support services in Canada only. To find a cancer ...
cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-journey/your-healthcare-team/?region=mb

*  Marijuana and cannabinoids for medical purposes - Canadian Cancer Society

Learn about medical marijuana and cancer in Canada. ... Health Canada's Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes ... If you are outside Canada. We can give information about cancer care and support services in Canada only. To find a cancer ... When approving a drug, Health Canada reviews the evidence to make sure that the benefits of the drug outweigh the risks and ... It is approved in Canada to treat nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. It's sometimes given to people with cancer if ...
cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/diagnosis-and-treatment/complementary-therapies/medical-marijuana-and-cannabinoids/?region=bc

*  Bangladesh Factory | HuffPost Canada

THE HUFFINGTON POST CANADA Some Canadian consumers are calling for a boycott of Joe Fresh after the clothing brand confirmed ... Joe Fresh's owner, Loblaw Co., held an emergency meeting with the Retail Council of Canada Monday to discuss how the company ... By the start of the week, politicians had heard from constituents across Canada. Over in Bangladesh, a garment factory ... suddenly Canada's best-known retail leader, Galen G. Weston, was all over the media. ...
huffingtonpost.ca/news/bangladesh-factory/

*  Follow-up after treatment for ovarian cancer - Canadian Cancer Society

If you are outside Canada. We can give information about cancer care and support services in Canada only. To find a cancer ... The most recent Canadian Cancer Statistics report shows cancer is the leading cause of death in Canada. Learn how you can ...
cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/ovarian/treatment/follow-up/?region=sk

*  Information Update - Calcitonin-containing drugs: Health Canada assessing potential cancer risk

Health Canada assessing potential cancer risk with long-term use. ... How to report side effects to health products to Health Canada ... please contact Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program toll-free at 1-866-234-2345, or visit MedEffect Canada for more ... A list of calcitonin products in Canada is provided below. Health Canada is aware of new recommendations from the European ... Health Canada is currently reviewing all available information to determine appropriate action in Canada. No conclusions or ...
newswire.ca/news-releases/information-update---calcitonin-containing-drugs-health-canada-assessing-potential-cancer-risk-with-long-term-use-510529561.html

*  Survival statistics for non-Hodgkin lymphoma - Canadian Cancer Society

If you are outside Canada. We can give information about cancer care and support services in Canada only. To find a cancer ... In Canada, the 5-year net survival for NHL is 66%. This means that, on average, about 66% of people diagnosed with NHL will ... It may include statistics from other countries that are likely to have similar outcomes as in Canada. ...
cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/non-hodgkin-lymphoma/prognosis-and-survival/survival-statistics/?region=nu

*  National Drug Strategy - 9.5 Revision of the avoidable cost guidelines

... will provide the basis for revision and improvement of the Health Canada avoidable cost guidelines.. prev page, TOC ,next page ...
health.gov.au/internet/drugstrategy/publishing.nsf/Content/mono70-l~mono70-l-ch9~mono70-l-ch9.5

*  Top 10 Reasons to Emigrate to Canada | Immigration and Visa Services for Australia, New Zealand, Canada and USA - Overseas...

Canada, Emigration Blog > Top 10 Reasons to Emigrate to Canada. Our Blog. Canada: Did You Know?Australia. Did You Know? ... 7. Canada's climate and environment are one of the main reasons that Canada is such a successful country. The blend of natural ... Since the fertility rate in Canada is only 1.68 children per female, the majority of Canada's population growth is due to ... 5. The quality of life in Canada is absolutely first-rate, and Canada is constantly receiving awards and accolades to affirm ...
https://overseas-emigration.co.uk/canadian-immigration-news/top-10-reasons-emigrate-canada/

*  Supports for Canada's National Swine Health Surveillance Program - The Pig Site

The Western Canadian Association of Swine Veterinarians has committed its support to the continued operation of Canada's ... CANADA - The Western Canadian Association of Swine Veterinarians has committed its support to the continued operation of ... FarmScape is a Wonderworks Canada production and is distributed courtesy of Manitoba Pork Council. and Sask Pork. ... He notes data from CSHIN was used to demonstrate to the OIE what Canada is doing to keep on top of PED, CSHIN demonstrated ...
thepigsite.com/swinenews/38120/supports-for-canadas-national-swine-health-surveillance-program/

*  Treatments for testicular cancer - Canadian Cancer Society

If you are outside Canada. We can give information about cancer care and support services in Canada only. To find a cancer ... Some clinical trials in Canada are open to men with testicular cancer. Clinical trials look at new and better ways to prevent, ...
cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/testicular/treatment/?region=ns

*  Statement from Health Canada on the Testing of Marijuana

21, 2016 /CNW/ - Health Canada's position on the risks of obtaining cannabis from dispensaries has been consistent: these ... Canada is through purchase directly from one of the 35 producers licensed by Health Canada, which currently serve almost 82,000 ... The Government of Canada recognizes that Canada's marijuana laws need updating, and has committed to legalizing and strictly ... These licensed producers have always been required to test their product and the results are verified by Health Canada, and ...
medindia.net/health-press-release/Statement-from-Health-Canada-on-the-Testing-of-Marijuana-300781-1.htm

*  Comparing U.S., Canadian health care systems | Association of Health Care Journalists

That's not the case in Canada, except when it comes to prescription drug coverage. Drug benefits are quite unequal in Canada, ... Lieberman recently returned from a monthlong visit to Canada as a Fulbright Senior Specialist, where she lectured on the ... In Canada there are no financial barriers to care at the point of service as there are and will continue to be in the U.S. ... The Canada Health Act, on the other hand, calls for universality - all residents must be covered by the public insurance plan ...
https://healthjournalism.org/blog/2014/01/comparing-u-s-canadian-health-care-systems/

*  Prevalence of Fabry Disease and Outcomes in Young Canadian Patients With Cryptogenic Ischemic Cerebrovascular Events | Stroke

From the Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, Quebec, Canada (S.L.); Department of ... From the Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, Quebec, Canada (S.L.); Department of ... From the Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, Quebec, Canada (S.L.); Department of ... From the Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, Quebec, Canada (S.L.); Department of ...
stroke.ahajournals.org/content/48/7/1766

*  'baseless' on Monday | NEWS...

Canada Apple iPhone and stores' iBeacons are helping blind shoppers find their…. ...
news.club/tag/baseless-on-monday/

*  Fructose intake and risk of gout and hyperuricemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies | BMJ...

Agriculture and Agri-food Canada, Pulse Canada, Kellogg's Company, Canada, Quaker Oats, Canada, Procter & Gamble Technical ... DJAJ was funded by the Government of Canada through the Canada Research Chair Endowment. JLS was funded by a PSI Graham ... the Canola and Flax Councils of Canada, the Calorie Control Council, the CIHR, the Canada Foundation for Innovation and the ... the Canola and Flax Councils of Canada, the Nutritional Fundamentals for Health, Agri-Culture and Agri-Food Canada, the ...
bmjopen.bmj.com/content/6/10/e013191.full

*  Drug Regulation in Canada | eHow

For the 33 million residents of Canada, Health Canada has brought rationality and efficiency into the country's... ... Health Canada has regulated pharmaceutical companies and advertisers since its establishment in 1996. The department's drug ... Role of Health Canada in Drug Regulation. * Health Canada is involved in drug regulation throughout the development process ... MedEffect Canada. * MedEffect is the reporting and compliance element of Health Canada's post-market initiative. This website ...
ehow.com/about_4740824_drug-regulation-canada.html

*  Why home birth? A qualitative study exploring women's decision making about place of birth in two Canadian provinces.

KEY CONCLUSIONS: the study showed that women in two geographically distinct parts of Canada approach decision making around ... Midwifery Education Program, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, MDCL 2210, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada.. ... is useful for midwives for the provision of information to their clients and for midwifery policy and practice within Canada.. ...
biomedsearch.com/nih/Why-home-birth-qualitative-study/22889685.html

*  National - Canadian Cancer Society

Society-funded cancer researchers appointed to Order of Canada July 2016 - Dr Eduardo Franco, Dr Philippe Gros, Dr Gerald ... Canadian Cancer Society partners with SU2C Canada to make a bigger impact against cancer September 2014 ... A Message from CCS President & CEO Lynne Hudson on Cancer Research Funding in Canada May 2017 ... New report shows Society-funded research represents more than 10% of overall cancer research investment in Canada ...
cancer.ca/en/about-us/news/national/?region=on

*  Colleges and Universities in Canada, Top Canada Colleges, List of Universities in Canada.

... top Canada colleges, Canada colleges rankings, best universities in Canada, engineering colleges in Canada, arts, science, ... nursing colleges in Canada, dental, agriculture and law colleges in Canada, business, MBA colleges in Canada. ... Online info on list of colleges and universities in Canada, ... fashion design, medical colleges in Canada, teaching, pharmacy ... Canada. To reach an extension: 418 656-2131. Athabasca University. 1 University Drive. Athabasca, Alberta T9S 3A3. Canada 780- ...
altiusdirectory.com/Society/canada-colleges-universities.html

*  Responsibility for Canadian Food Inspection Agency shifts to Health Canada - Macleans.ca

Responsibility for the agency that polices the safety of the country's food supply is moving to Health Canada from Agriculture ... Canada earns $millions$ inhumanely butchering horses while they are still alive in Canada's horse slaughter houses and who ... Responsibility for Canadian Food Inspection Agency shifts to Health Canada * CFIA (can't find inspector anywhere) needs to be ... Canada says Safe Horse Meat Sales. Yeah sure. Unacceptabe! Terrified, (often drug fed) horses from farms and racetracks trained ...
macleans.ca/news/canada/responsibility-for-canadian-food-inspection-agency-shifts-to-health-canada/

*  The association between osteoporotic fractures and health-related quality of life as measured by the Health Utilities Index in...

5.Department of MedicineUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada. *6.Department of MedicineUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada ... 8.MacKenzie Health Services Research GroupQueen's UniversityKingstonCanada. *9.Department of MedicineLaval UniversitySte-Foy ... 2.CaMos Analysis CentreMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada. *3.Department of Medicine/EndocrinologyUniversity of British Columbia ... 10.Department of Community Health and EpidemiologyDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada. *11.Department of MedicineMemorial ...
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00198-003-1483-3

*  Severe intestinal diseases increasing in Canadian children | Odd Onion

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Canada has one of the world's highest rates of childhood inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), with new ... but we didn't have national numbers for Canada," he said. ...
oddonion.com/2017/04/21/severe-intestinal-diseases-increasing-in-canadian-children/

*  Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada | Home

The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada is a source of information about stroke, heart disease, surgeries and treatments. It ... 2017 Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. All rights reserved. Charitable Registration No. 106846942 RR0001. ™Life. We don't ... Icon on its own or followed by another icon or words in English are trademarks of the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. ...
heartandstroke.ca

*  Canada holidays

... a holiday in Canada reveals cowboys and majestic animals, such as bears, moose and whales ... As well as the highlight of the Rocky Mountains, a holiday in Canada reveals cowboys and majestic animals, such as bears, moose ... With more than a dozen visits to Canada under his belt, Holiday Hunter Chris Parker is the expert you want planning your trip ... Chris is also fascinated by Canada's indigenous wildlife, which can be enjoyed both on land and at sea. "One of the most ...
telegraph.co.uk/travel/holiday-hunters/north-america/canada-holidays/

*  Canada Cup - Wikipedia

The final Canada Cup was held in 1991 with Canada defeating the United States in the tournament's first all-North American ... Of the five Canada Cup tournaments, four were won by Canada, while the Soviet Union won once, in 1981. ... It was sanctioned by the International Ice Hockey Federation, Hockey Canada and the National Hockey League. Canada won the ... Canada won the inaugural Canada Cup in 1976, defeating recent 1976 World Championship gold medalists Czechoslovakia in the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada_Cup_

Canadian Organ Replacement Registry: The Canadian Organ Replacement Registry CORR is a health organisation was started by Canadian nephrologists and kidney transplant surgeons in 1985 in order to develop the care of patients with renal failure. In the early 1990s data on liver and heart transplantation were added to the registry.Chronic disease in Northern OntarioBritish Columbia Medical Journal: The British Columbia Medical Journal is a peer-reviewed general medical journal covering scientific research, review articles, and updates on contemporary clinical practices written by British Columbian physicians or focused on topics likely to be of interest to them, such as columns from the BC Centre for Disease Control and the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia. Although it is published by the British Columbia Medical Association (BCMA), it maintains distance from the BCMA in order to encourage open debate.Alberta Hospital EdmontonList of subjects related to the Quebec independence movement: This is a list of subjects related to the Quebec independence movement.Manitoba Chess Association: The Manitoba Chess Association, headquartered in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada is the official organization for rated chess tournaments in Manitoba.Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia: Shubenacadie (['ʃuːbə'nækədiː]) is a community located in Hants County, in central Nova Scotia, Canada. As of 2006, the population was 2,074.List of communities in the Northwest Territories: The Northwest Territories of Canada contains 33 official communities.Robinhood, Saskatchewan: Robinhood is a hamlet in Medstead Rural Municipality No. 497, Saskatchewan, Canada.Nunavut: (Inuktitut)"Nunavut Sannginivut""Our land, our strength"Yukon School of Visual Arts: The Yukon School of Visual Arts (SOVA) is Canada's most northerly post-secondary fine arts school, and it receives its accreditation through the Applied Arts Division of Yukon College. SOVA is located within the traditional territory of the Tr'ondëk Hwëch'in First Nation in Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada.Newfoundland Margarine Company Limited: The Newfoundland Butter Company founded by Sir John Chalker Crosbie in 1925 was one of threeVolume four, p. 168, Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador, ISBN 0-9693422-1-7.John Agnew (Prince Edward Island politician): John Agnew (August 22, 1854 – October 26, 1928) was a Scottish-born merchant and political figure. He represented 1st Prince in the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island from 1904 to 1912 as a Liberal member.Circumpolar Health Bibliographic DatabaseNew Brunswick Route 127: Route 127 is an East/West provincial highway in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. The Highway starts out in Lawrence Station, New Brunswick at the intersection of Route 3 The road travels mainly south for almost 60 km through mostly rural communities.Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California: The Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California is a federally recognized tribe of Eastern Pomo people in Lake County, California.California Indians and Their Reservations.Goose egg addling: Goose egg “addling” is a wildlife management method of population control for Canada geese and other bird species. The process of addling involves temporarily removing fertilized eggs from the nest, testing for embryo development, terminating embryo development, and placing the egg back in the nest.List of countries that regulate the immigration of felons: This is a list of countries that regulate the immigration of felons.National Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.American Medical Student AssociationProportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.Inequality within immigrant families in the United States: Inequality within immigrant families refers to instances in which members of the same family have differing access to resources. Much literature focuses on inequality between families, but inequality often exists within families as well.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Samuel Bard (physician): Samuel Bard (April 1, 1742 – May 24, 1821) was an American physician. He founded the first medical school in New York.Australian National BL classNorth American Native Fishes Association: The North American Native Fishes Association (NANFA) is a non-profit, tax-exempt U.S.

(1/7810) Mycotoxin determinations on animal feedstuffs and tissues in Western Canada.

Results of examination of specimens of plant or animal origin for various mycotoxins are presented. Analyses for aflatoxins and ochratoxins were most frequently requested, usually on the basis of visible mouldiness. Aflatoxin B1 was found in one of 100 specimens at a level of 50 ppb in a sample of alfalfa brome hay. Ochratoxin A was detected in seven of 95 specimens comprising six samples of wheat at levels between 30 and 6000 ppb and one sample of hay at a level of 30 ppb. An overall detection rate of 4.2% involving significant levels of potent mycotoxins suggests that acute or chronic mycotoxicoses may occur in farm livestock or poultry more frequently than presently diagnosied.  (+info)

(2/7810) Lead and mercury residues in kidney and liver of Canadian slaughter animals.

Liver and kidney samples were collected from Canadian slaughter animals during the winter of 1973-1974. A total of 256 samples were analyzed for lead. Mean lead levels of 1.02 ppm in poultry liver, 1.04 ppm in bovine liver, 1.02 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.73 ppm in pork liver and 0.85 ppm in pork kidney were found. A total of 265 samples were analyzed for mercury. Mean mercury levels of 0.003 ppm in poultry liver, 0.007 ppm in bovine liver, 0.008 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.001 ppm in pork liver and 0.013 ppm in pork kidney were found. All levels detected were below the Canadian official tolerance of 2 ppm for lead and administrative tolerance of 0.5 ppm for mercury.  (+info)

(3/7810) The epizootiology and pathogenesis of thyroid hyperplasia in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in Lake Ontario.

The thyroid glands of coho salmon collected at different stages of their anadromous migration exhibited progressive and extensive hyperplasia and hypertrophy. The incidence of overt nodule formation rose from 5% in fish collected in August to 24% in fish collected in October. The histological picture of the goiters was similar to that found in thiourea-treated teleosts and thiouracil-treated mammals. There was a concomitant, significant decrease in serum thyroxine and triiodothyronine values between September and October (thyroxine, 1.0+/-0.3 mug/100 ml and 0.4 mug/100 ml in September and October, respectively; triiodothyronine, 400.3+/-51.6 ng/100 ml and 80.2 ng/100 ml in September and October, respectively) and marked hypertrophy and hyperplasia of thyrotrophs. These data indicate a progressive hypothyroid condition which, although it may be linked to iodide deficiency, may well be enhanced by other environmental factors. The evidence for involvement of other factors is discussed.  (+info)

(4/7810) 'Home hypertension': exploring the inverse white coat response.

BACKGROUND: The classical 'white coat response' to blood pressure measurement has been studied thoroughly. However, little is known about patients showing a reverse pattern, i.e. who have lower blood pressure readings at the clinic than outside healthcare facilities. AIM: To estimate the proportion of patients whose blood pressure levels as determined by self-measurements at home are higher than those taken at the clinic and to explore possible associations with demographic, clinical, and psychological variables. METHOD: Patients consecutively attending (n = 214) an academic family medicine department in Toronto, Canada, were eligible. Subjects aged below 16 years and those on psychotropic or blood pressure-lowering agents were excluded. The clinic-home blood pressure difference (CHBPD) was calculated for each participating subject by subtracting home blood pressure from clinic blood pressure. Those who had negative values were compared with the rest of the sample. RESULTS: A considerable proportion of patients had lower blood pressure at the clinic than at home (systolic, 34.6%; diastolic, 23.8%). These subjects did not differ from the rest of the sample with regard to age, sex, levels of education attained, immigration status, body mass index, experience of current symptoms, blood pressure levels, or psychological distress. However, in patients with a 'negative CHBPD', i.e. lower blood pressure at the clinic than at home, readings taken by an automatic, self-inflating device when still at the clinic were higher than in the rest of the sample. CONCLUSION: The results point to measurement bias being at least partly responsible for higher blood pressure readings outside the clinic. Automatic measurement devices used for self/home blood pressure measurement seem to cause an alerting reaction analogous to the well-described 'white coat response'.  (+info)

(5/7810) A comparative analysis of surveyors from six hospital accreditation programmes and a consideration of the related management issues.

PURPOSE: To gather data on how accreditors manage surveyors, to compare these data and to offer them to the accreditors for improvement and to the scientific community for knowledge of the accreditation process and reinforcement of the credibility of these processes. DATA SOURCE: The data were gathered with the aid of a questionnaire sent to all accreditors participating in the study. RESULTS: An important finding in this comparative study is the different contractual relationships that exist between the accreditors and their surveyors. CONCLUSION: Surveyors around the world share many common features in terms of careers, training, work history and expectations. These similarities probably arise from the objectives of the accreditors who try to provide a developmental process to their clients rather than an 'inspection'.  (+info)

(6/7810) Dilemmas of medical ethics in the Canadian Penitentiary Service.

There is a unique hospital in Canada-and perhaps in the world-because it is built outside prison walls and it exists specifically for the psychiatric treatment of prisoners. It is on the one hand a hospital and on the other a prison. Moreover it has to provide the same quality and standard of care which is expected of a hospital associated with a university. From the time the hospital was established moral dilemmas appeared which were concerned with conflicts between the medical and custodial treatment of prisoners, and also with the attitudes of those having the status of prisoner-patient. Dr Roy describes these dilemmas and attitudes, and in particular a special conference which was convened to discuss them. Not only doctors and prison officials took part in this meeting but also general practitioners, theologians, philosophers, ex-prisoners, judges, lawyers, Members of Parliament and Senators. This must have been a unique occasion and Dr Roy's description may provide the impetus to examine these prison problems in other settings.  (+info)

(7/7810) Injection site survey in Canadian-fed cattle: spring 1997.

A 2nd injection site survey was conducted during the spring of 1997 in Canadian-fed beef. The prevalence of lesions was 13.3% in top butts, 23.1% in blades, 9.1% in eye of rounds, 7.5% in outside rounds, and 1.4% in inside rounds. Losses were $8.05/head processed or $17 million annually.  (+info)

(8/7810) Canada's "disasters-R-us" medical platoon a hit in Honduras.

The Canadian Forces Disaster Assistance Response Team did not take long to adapt to the medical needs of 90,000 survivors of Hurricane Mitch last November.  (+info)



Island


  • Souris , town, Kings county , eastern Prince Edward Island , Canada . (britannica.com)