Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.National Library of Medicine (U.S.): An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.Food, Genetically Modified: Food derived from genetically modified organisms (ORGANISMS, GENETICALLY MODIFIED).Genetic Engineering: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Metabolic Engineering: Methods and techniques used to genetically modify cells' biosynthetic product output and develop conditions for growing the cells as BIOREACTORS.Biopharmaceutics: The study of the physical and chemical properties of a drug and its dosage form as related to the onset, duration, and intensity of its action.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Protein Engineering: Procedures by which protein structure and function are changed or created in vitro by altering existing or synthesizing new structural genes that direct the synthesis of proteins with sought-after properties. Such procedures may include the design of MOLECULAR MODELS of proteins using COMPUTER GRAPHICS or other molecular modeling techniques; site-specific mutagenesis (MUTAGENESIS, SITE-SPECIFIC) of existing genes; and DIRECTED MOLECULAR EVOLUTION techniques to create new genes.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Databases, Nucleic Acid: Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Insulin, Regular, Human: Regular insulin preparations that contain the HUMAN insulin peptide sequence.Synthetic Biology: A field of biological research combining engineering in the formulation, design, and building (synthesis) of novel biological structures, functions, and systems.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Technology Transfer: Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Metabolic Phenomena: The CHEMICAL PROCESSES that occur within the cells, tissues, or an organism and related temporal, spatial, qualitative, and quantitative concepts.Bioengineering: The application of engineering principles and methods to living organisms or biological systems.Biological Control Agents: Organisms, biological agents, or biologically-derived agents used strategically for their positive or adverse effect on the physiology and/or reproductive health of other organisms.Plants, Edible: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.Inteins: The internal fragments of precursor proteins (INternal proTEINS) that are autocatalytically removed by PROTEIN SPLICING. The flanking fragments (EXTEINS) are ligated forming mature proteins. The nucleic acid sequences coding for inteins are considered to be MOBILE GENETIC ELEMENTS. Inteins are composed of self-splicing domains and an endonuclease domain which plays a role in the spread of the intein's genomic sequence. Mini-inteins are composed of the self-splicing domains only.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Microalgae: A non-taxonomic term for unicellular microscopic algae which are found in both freshwater and marine environments. Some authors consider DIATOMS; CYANOBACTERIA; HAPTOPHYTA; and DINOFLAGELLATES as part of microalgae, even though they are not algae.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Microbiology: The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.Vaccines, Edible: Vaccines or candidate vaccines derived from edible plants. Transgenic plants (PLANTS, TRANSGENIC) are used as recombinant protein production systems and the edible plant tissue functions as an oral vaccine.Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Miniaturization: The design or construction of objects greatly reduced in scale.Consumer Product SafetyReproductive Techniques: Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).Biomedical Technology: The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Biomedical Engineering: Application of principles and practices of engineering science to biomedical research and health care.Biological Products: Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.Protein Splicing: The excision of in-frame internal protein sequences (INTEINS) of a precursor protein, coupled with ligation of the flanking sequences (EXTEINS). Protein splicing is an autocatalytic reaction and results in the production of two proteins from a single primary translation product: the intein and the mature protein.Polyhydroxyalkanoates: Fatty acid biopolymers that are biosynthesized by microbial polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase enzymes. They are being investigated for use as biodegradable polyesters.Molecular Biology: A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Organisms, Genetically Modified: Organisms whose GENOME has been changed by a GENETIC ENGINEERING technique.United StatesInformation Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Batch Cell Culture Techniques: Methods for cultivation of cells, usually on a large-scale, in a closed system for the purpose of producing cells or cellular products to harvest.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers.Technology, Pharmaceutical: The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures, and in the treatment of patients.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Herbicide Resistance: Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Genetics: The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)Expressed Sequence Tags: Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Drug Discovery: The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.DNA Shuffling: The use of DNA recombination (RECOMBINATION, GENETIC) to prepare a large gene library of novel, chimeric genes from a population of randomly fragmented DNA from related gene sequences.Nanostructures: Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Pharmaceutical Preparations: Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Nanotechnology: The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.Regional Medical Programs: Coordination of activities and programs among health care institutions within defined geographic areas for the purpose of improving delivery and quality of medical care to the patients. These programs are mandated under U.S. Public Law 89-239.Agrobacterium tumefaciens: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria isolated from soil and the stems, leafs, and roots of plants. Some biotypes are pathogenic and cause the formation of PLANT TUMORS in a wide variety of higher plants. The species is a major research tool in biotechnology.Systems Biology: Comprehensive, methodical analysis of complex biological systems by monitoring responses to perturbations of biological processes. Large scale, computerized collection and analysis of the data are used to develop and test models of biological systems.Aspergillus niger: An imperfect fungus causing smut or black mold of several fruits, vegetables, etc.Genome, Bacterial: The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Southeastern United States: The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Biochemistry: The study of the composition, chemical structures, and chemical reactions of living things.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Enzymes, Immobilized: Enzymes which are immobilized on or in a variety of water-soluble or water-insoluble matrices with little or no loss of their catalytic activity. Since they can be reused continuously, immobilized enzymes have found wide application in the industrial, medical and research fields.Proteomics: The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Genetic Techniques: Chromosomal, biochemical, intracellular, and other methods used in the study of genetics.Gene Library: A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.Bacterial Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Biocatalysis: The facilitation of biochemical reactions with the aid of naturally occurring catalysts such as ENZYMES.Metabolic Networks and Pathways: Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.Transgenes: Genes that are introduced into an organism using GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Microbiological Techniques: Techniques used in microbiology.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Human Genome Project: A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human GENOME.Bioreactors: Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.Transformation, Genetic: Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Molecular Sequence Annotation: The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.

*  Methods in Biotechnology

... the Methods in Biotechnology series has provided biotechnology researchers and laboratory scientists with reliable, step-by- ... For over ten years, the Methods in Biotechnology series has provided biotechnology researchers and laboratory scientists with ...

*  NASDAQ Biotechnology Index - Wikipedia

El Índice NASDAQ de Biotecnología incluye valores de empresas que cotizan en el NASDAQ clasificadas de acuerdo al Industry Classification Benchmark, las cuales pueden ser de biotecnología o farmacéuticas y que cumplan también con otros criterios de elegibilidad. A AVI BioPharma Adolor Corporation Affymetrix Alkermes (company) Alnylam Pharmaceuticals Amgen Amylin Pharmaceuticals Angiotech Pharmaceuticals Axcan Pharma B BioMarin Pharmaceutical Biogen Idec C Celgene Cell Genesys Cephalon Crucell D DeCODE genetics Dendreon E Exelixis G GenVec Genzyme Geron Corporation Gilead Sciences H Halozyme Therapeutics Human Genome Sciences I ImClone Systems Invitrogen L Lexicon Pharmaceuticals Life Technologies LifeCell M MannKind Corporation Maxygen Medarex Monogram Biosciences Myriad Genetics N Neurocrine Biosciences Northfield Laboratories O OSI Pharmaceuticals P Panacos Pharmaceuticals Perrigo Q Qiagen R Regeneron S Sepracor Shire plc T Tercica Teva Pharmaceutical Industries V Verenium Corporation ...

*  Biosensors in Analytical Biotechnology - Google Books

Biotechnology.html?id=OaBFAQAAIAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareBiosensors in Analytical Biotechnology. ... error bioprocess monitoring bioreactor biosensor Biotechnol 1991 Biotechnol Bioeng biotechnological processes Biotechnology ... 0 Reviews ...

*  Biotechnology Increases Africa's Maize Production

Mugo says biotechnology applied to seeds can enable farmers to deal more effectively with pest resistance. Mugo says to date ... He says there is debate and controversy around biotechnology but it can be used to address problems such as the need to ... Biotechnology is being used for pest resistance, to increase the production of both maize and bananas. ... there's no data on applied biotechnology available to the east African farming community. He says the process is still in the ...

*  Biotechnology Degree Programs

Earn a Biotechnology degree online at an accredited Biotechnology school. Find degree programs from the top online colleges & ... Biotechnology Online Journals. Most of the top biotechnology articles will be found in leading biotechnology journals. Search ... Biotechnology Books. Biotechnology is a heavy research-intensive field, meaning much that the biotechnology student is learning ... These programs offer courses in basic aspects of biotechnology such as general concepts in biotechnology, food biotechnology, ...

*  Icos, biotechnology stocks move up - MarketWatch

The Amex Biotechnology Index BTK, +0.03% nudged up 0.1 percent and the Nasdaq Biotechnology Index NBI, +0.05% advanced 0.6 ... The Amex Biotechnology Index declined more than 25 percent in the third quarter and the Nasdaq Biotechnology Index also shed ...

*  Biotechnology Industry Organization - SourceWatch

The Industrial Biotechnology Association (IBA), primarily represented larger, established companies on Capitol Hill and before ... signed the Biotechnology Industry Organization to gain congressional support for such industrial biotechnology issues as ... The Biotechnology Industry Organization, known as BIO, was created in 1993 by the merger of two small Washington-based ... Biotechnology Industry Organization. 1225 Eye Street NW. Suite 400. Washington, DC 20005. Phone: 202.962.9200. Email: info@bio. ...

*  Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering | NSF - National Science Foundation

The Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering (BBE) program supports fundamental engineering research that advances the ... Development of novel "omics" tools for biotechnology applications. NOTE: For proposals involving any aspect of sustainable ... biotechnology, and bioenergy industries, or with applications in health or the environment. A quantitative treatment of ...

*  Swift Biotechnology

Swift Biotechnology licensed a USA Mitchell Cancer Institute technology, which exploits a unique set of protein biomarkers to ...

*  Biotechnology Applications in Human Genetics

Biotechnology Applications in Human Genetics. written by: Emma Lloyd•edited by: Leigh A. Zaykoski•updated: 7/31/2008 ... In medicine, biotechnology applications include genetic testing and gene therapy, both of which involve the study or ... Genetics is perhaps the most well-known field in biotechnology. From gene therapy, a novel but still-experimental method of ... When people think of biotechnology it's usually things like genetic engineering and cloning which come most readily to mind. ...

*  Biotechnology Products Deficit - A New Way to Vanquish It | biotech rumor mill

However, now it is has been found that artificial nanostructures can be replicated using the mechanisms already present in live cells. The best part is that, you don't have to manufacture cells, and also that nature itself has endowed them with the ability to making copies of double stranded DNA. The only thing scientists have to do is to get them to make complex DNA nanostructures like a copier machine does.. When going about brainstorming for the solution, scientists thought of using the cellular system as simple DNA can be easily replicated in a cell. But the problem was that they didn't know whether the cells' replicating mechanism would tolerate single stranded DNA nanostructures that house complex secondary structures or not? In the end it did. Thus, marking the beginning of of a new way to design biotechnology products of the future.. Just the beginning though, this research appears to be quite exciting as in the future it may be used in synthetic biology applications. Perhaps as the ...

*  Project Reports & Profiles » Biotechnology, Bio-Technology, Industrial Biotechnology, Biotech Sector, Industry, Biotech...

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*  Biotechnology - What it is and What it Can Do For Mankind | biotech rumor mill

But biotechnology is so much more, and in this writer's opinion, it is the hope of mankind if it is developed with an abiding respect for nature and a doctor's creed of ensuring no harm is done.. Today, biotechnology is broken down into four main areas: red biotechnology is applied to the medical field, green biotechnology is applied to agriculture, white biotechnology is in the industrial field and blue refers to the aquatic field.. In the medical field, biotechnology helps develop new medicines, new therapies, and can be used to use normal genes to target or replace defective genes or boost immunity.. In agriculture, biotechnology can be used to boost the yield from crops, reduce the vulnerability of crops to disease or weather, and to increase the nutritional values of foods. It can even be used to improve the taste or texture of foods. A benefit of biotechnology in ...

*  Biotechnology Basics (T18) | ISPE

This course is also available online. Biotechnology Basics course.. This fundamental course is ideal for professionals that are new to the biotechnology industry, professionals entering new work assignments encompassing biotechnology operations, or individuals with previous pharmaceutical industry experience that want to learn the basics of biotechnology. This is a course that is ideal for individuals involved in human resources, economic development, and business and strategic planning efforts. Professionals in quality control, quality assurance, and technical management support will also find it beneficial.. Participants in this course will explore the history of the biotechnology industry and will learn the fundamental concepts of biotechnology science. Participants will also learn basic terminology and how it is applied in the industry. The course will identify basic process science and unit operations ...

*  Home :: National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

PAEC has clear mandates on the safe use of modern sciences with an aim to improve the socio economic growth of the country. NIBGE is one of the main biotechnology institutes of the four bioscience centers of PAEC and was formally inaugurated by the President of Pakistan in 1994. It is also an affiliate center of ICGEB. The institute is a focal point of modern biotechnology and provides a technology receiving unit to help the development of country through applications of modern biotechnology and genetic engineering. The research programs at NIBGE are mainly aimed at improving agriculture, health, environment and industry and are supported by national and international financial grants. The institute??s research facilities include state of the art equipments supported by technical services, IT facility and a National Library for Biological Sciences louis vuitton outlet. The institute now offers several services and marketable products. The educational ...

*  Pepperdine Digital Commons - Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium: Innovative Biotechnology Approach to...

The Biotechnology Industry is a relatively young industry that saw revenues of $400B in 2012. While the industry is beginning to reach maturity and has seen decelerating growth rates in recent years, the industry is certainly not in decline. Despite slowing down, the industry growth rates have remained relatively stable over the last ten years with 13% growth in 2003 and only decreasing to 9% in 2012. The Biotechnology Industry works in conjunction with the trillion dollar Pharmaceutical Industry to develop drugs to supplement human needs. Instead of focusing on chemical processes, Biotechnology utilizes living organisms and modifies their molecular and cellular structures to develop new products. The industry develops products in the areas of crop production and agriculture, industrial, and environmental. However, more than half of its products are designed for the human health technologies sector, which focuses on products to strengthen the human body ...

*  Biotechnology Conferences | Biotechnology Meetings | Biotechnology Events | Biotechnology Congress | Global Biotechnology...

Meet leading Biotechnology experts, great scientists, academicians, industrialists, stem cell therapists from USA, UK, France, Italy, Australia. The conference will be held in Vancouver, Canada during July 23 -24, 2018.

*  Biotechnology FAQs | biotech rumor mill

Who are qualified to practice?. Any individual who has a background in chemistry, biology, bioengineering or any science can work as a biotechnologist and carryout research and development in products such as new vaccines, cures for diseases and enhancement of wheat grains.. Why is it important?. Biotechnology helps improve man?s quality of life. With its discoveries and development, preventive measures, as well as solutions to problems have benefited human in countless ways.. What are its benefits?. There are many benefits to biotechnology. In medicine, the production of antibiotics in order to fight infections; developing of products that improve the immune system; and, discovering and treating of illnesses and disorders are huge developments.. It is also useful for the environment. It has created products that help protect and preserve endangered species. It also aids in the cleaning oil spills in oceans, as well as leaching of metal from the soil for cleaner mining. ...

*  BioPen Senses BioThreats | Biotechnology View|biotechnology discovery|biotech articles|biotech news|future of biotech

To assess the presence of a particular antigen in a sample, a "Sandwich ELISA" may be performed essentially as follows. A solution of antibody, which is specific for (i.e., uniquely recognizes) the putative antigen, is immobilized on a solid surface in a well of a microtiter dish. The sample being assayed is then applied under conditions that would allow the antigen (for which the antibodies are specific) to bind to the immobilized specific antibodies. Unbound material is washed away with buffer rinses, and the bound antigen is recognized once again under binding conditions by addition of a solution of a second antibody specific for the same antigen, which this time is coupled or linked to an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of its substrate to a detectable and possibly quantifiable form. Those enzyme-linked antibodies that are bound to the immobilized antigen-antibody complex are resistant to rounds of washing, and finally the enzyme substrate is added and incubated so that the enzyme can ...

*  SFB 578

Kelly, S., Grimm, L. H., Krull, R., Hempel, D. C.. Influence of fluid dynamics on the growth of fungal pellet populations. RAFT 2005, Long Beach, USA, November 2005. Grimm, L. H., Kelly, S., Krull, R., Hempel, D. C.. Population dynamics of conidial aggregation during the cultivation of Aspergillus niger . RAFT 2005, Long Beach, USA, November 2005. Kelly, S., Grimm, L. H., Krull, R., Hempel, D. C.. Description of fungal population an the influence of fluid dynamics on the cultivation process. The European Conference on Mathematical and Theoretical Biology - ECMTB 2005, Dresden, Juli 2005. Krull, R., Grimm, L. H., Kelly, S., Hille, A.. Collaborative research center 578 at the TU Braunschweig: Development of biotechnological processes by integrating genetic and engineering methods - From gene to product - (Krull, R.). The dawn of fungal morphogenesis - a model for conidial aggregation (Grimm, L. H.) . Description of fungal pellet growth and the influence of fluid dynamics (Kelly, S.). Transport and ...

*  Gene Protects Alcoholism | Biotechnology View|biotechnology discovery|biotech articles|biotech news|future of biotech

Jayant Kumar Nayak, a research scholar of Anthropological Survey of India, in association of with the Utkal University has conducted a study on Bondas to know whether they are genetically protected from alcoholism. On a proportionate random sampling, out of 25 villages, he selected nine for the study covering 714 households of 2,700 population. Genomic DNA was extracted from 110 unrelated adult Bondas by the ASI following ethical guidelines after taking their consents. Both ADH and ADLH2 genes, considered protecting variants for alcohol, were detected. ...

*  biotechnology: Latest News & Videos, Photos about biotechnology | The Economic Times

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*  IIT JAM Biotechnology Syllabus 2016 | IIT JAM Biotechnology Coaching Delhi

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*  CSIR NET Biotechnology Syllabus for 2016 | NET Life Science/Biotech Coaching Delhi

Best CSIR NET Biotechnology Coaching in Delhi, Join Indias No-1 Coaching Institute - for New Batches of UGC/NET/GATE JRF Life Science/Biotech Coaching Call on 9069113599

*  Roche and IBM To Develop a Nanopore-Based Sequencer To Decode DNA | Biotechnology View|biotechnology discovery|biotech articles...

Headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, Roche is a leader in research-focused healthcare with combined strengths in pharmaceuticals and diagnostics. Roche is the world's largest biotech company with truly differentiated medicines in oncology, virology, inflammation, metabolism and CNS. Roche is also the world leader in in-vitro diagnostics, tissue-based cancer diagnostics and a pioneer in diabetes management. Roche's personalised healthcare strategy aims at providing medicines and diagnostic tools that enable tangible improvements in the health, quality of life and survival of patients. In 2009, Roche had over 80'000 employees worldwide and invested almost 10 billion Swiss francs in R&D. The Group posted sales of 49.1 billion Swiss francs. Genentech, United States, is a wholly owned member of the Roche Group. Roche has a majority stake in Chugai Pharmaceutical, Japan. For more information: ...

*  Industrial Biotechnology Lecturer Dr. Kamal E. M. Elkahlout Assistant Prof. of Biotechnology ppt download

THE NATURE OF METABOLIC PATHWAYS Metabolic pathway can be defined as series of chemical reactions involved in converting a chemical (or a metabolite) in the organism into a final product. The final product can be a metabolite product (biochemical compound) or/and the cells of the organism itself. Anabolism: collective reactions lead to the formation of a more complex substance. (Anabolic pathway). Catabolism: collective reactions lead to the formation of a less complex substance. (Catabolic pathway). The intermediates compounds involved in a metabolic pathway & the final product is known as the end- product (see Fig. 5.1).

*  Biotech @ 25: The Founders

Niels Reimers, manager of Stanford's Office of Technology Licensing, had a large role in orchestrating the patenting and licensing of the cloning technology invented by Cohen and Boyer. In a Bancroft oral history, Reimers remarked on the method's importance for the biotechnology industry. Its importance was not initially apparent to some of the companies he approached to license the technology: "Because a great excitement developed regarding this area [of recombinant DNA], I maintained from the beginning that this work of Cohen and Boyer would underlie the whole field of biotechnology. And I repeated it over and over. When I first went licensing, a lot of the companies, the business people, didn't really understand the technology." ...

*  Lixte Biotechnology Announces Initiation Of A Phase I Trial Of Its Lead Anti-Cancer Compou... ( EAST SETAUKET N.Y. April 25...

... EAST SETAUKET N.Y. April 25 2013 /PRNewsw...Dr. John Kovach the founder of Lixte s...About Lixte Biotechnology Holdings Inc. ...Lixte is a drug discovery company using biomarker technology to ident...,Lixte,Biotechnology,Announces,Initiation,Of,A,Phase,I,Trial,Of,Its,Lead,Anti-Cancer,Compound,,LB-100,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology

*  Planned giving supports HudsonAlpha and benefits donors - HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology

The value of planned giving took center stage this month. Sharon Doviet and Chris Russell hosted a reception at their home, inviting friends, clients and colleagues to learn more about the HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology. During the event, the couple also announced their decision to include HudsonAlpha in their will, committing at least $250,000 to the HudsonAlpha Foundation.. "Sharon and I are excited to invest in nonprofits where the impact of our giving will compound and grow over time," said Russell, a financial advisor at Cadence Bank and a member of HudsonAlpha's Professional Advisor Council. "HudsonAlpha is becoming a world-class player in biotechnology. This is work that will improve lives for our families and friends now, and for our children and the broader community for many years ahead.". During a brief presentation, guests heard from Rick Myers, PhD, president and science director; Howard Jacob, PhD, executive vice president for genomic medicine; and Jim ...

*  UW Oshkosh Today » UW Oshkosh biotechnologist to be recognized as Regent Scholar Feb. 4

Toivo Kallas, a University of Wisconsin Oshkosh professor of microbial genetics and biotechnology, will receive a Regent Scholar grant to support his research in the critical effort to stem global warming at the UW System Board of Regents meeting in Madison on Thursday, Feb. 4.. Kallas will be one of three recipients of the honor presented by the board's Research, Economic Development and Innovation (REDI) Committee.. Key objectives of the Regent Scholar grant program include providing summer funding support for faculty to engage in research and other scholarly activities while stimulating innovation and industry outreach at UW System campuses across a wide spectrum of academic pursuits.. "This program recognizes and honors outside-the-box thinking by UW faculty and undergraduates across Wisconsin," UW System President Ray Cross said. "The Regent Scholar grants provide recognition at the highest level for work done by our dedicated and talented faculty to prepare a high-quality workforce and ...


Susan Alters, PhD, is the Principal Consultant and President of Alters Bioscience Consulting. Dr. Alters has over twenty years of experience in the biotechnology industry focusing on drug development of therapeutic agents from basic research through lead selection, optimization, preclinical development, IND-enabling studies, and Phase I clinical trials. Her expertise spans multiple clinical areas, as well as a wide range of therapeutic approaches, and study designs.. Dr. Alters has drug development experience from both the biotech sponsor and CRO provider side. She has held management positions with several biotech companies directing research and development groups, managing cross-functional project teams, initiating collaborations with contract labs, government agencies, and thought leaders in academia and industry, and working with business and legal departments. In addition, Dr. Alters has managed an accredited animal facility responsible for all biotech research and preclinical ...

Biotechnology Industry Organization: The Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) is the largest trade organization to serve and represent the biotechnology industry in the United States and around the world.Anna Edney, "Biosciences Defy U.Dalian PX protest: The Dalian PX protest (locally called the 8-14 event; ) was a peaceful public protest in People's Square, Dalian, to protest against a paraxylene (PX) chemical factory—Dalian Fujia Dahua Petrochemical (大連福佳大化石油化工)—built in Dalian city. The protest took place in August 14, 2011.Agracetus: The Agracetus Campus of Monsanto Company is the world's largest soybean transformation laboratory. It has over 21,700 employees worldwide, and an annual revenue of USD$11.Chromosome engineering: Chromosome engineering is "the controlled generation of chromosomal deletions, inversions, or translocations with defined endpoints." For: By combining chromosomal translocation, chromosomal inversion,and chromosomal deletion, chromosome engineering has been shown to identify the underlying genes that cause certain diseases in mice.Indian trademark law: Indian trademark law statutorily protects trademarks as per the Trademark Act, 1999 and also under the common law remedy of passing off. Statutory protection of trademark is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, a government agency which reports to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.Rumford furnace: A Rumford furnace is a kiln for the industrial scale production in the 19th century of calcium oxide, popularly known as quicklime or burnt lime. It was named after its inventor, Benjamin Thompson, also known as Count Rumford, and is sometimes called a Rüdersdorf furnace after the location where it was first built and from where the design rapidly spread throughout Europe.Plant breeders' rights: Plant breeders' rights (PBR), also known as plant variety rights (PVR), are rights granted to the breeder of a new variety of plant that give the breeder exclusive control over the propagating material (including seed, cuttings, divisions, tissue culture) and harvested material (cut flowers, fruit, foliage) of a new variety for a number of years.Pharmaceutical manufacturing: Drug manufacturing is the process of industrial-scale synthesis of pharmaceutical drugs by pharmaceutical companies. The process of drug manufacturing can be broken down into a series of unit operations, such as milling, granulation, coating, tablet pressing, and others.Timeline of agriculture and food technology: ==Paleolithic==Plant perception (physiology): Plant perception is the ability of plants to sense and respond to the environment to adjust their morphology, physiology and phenotype accordingly. Other disciplines such as plant physiology, ecology and molecular biology are used to assess this ability.Tank chassis: Tank container chassis, also referred to as tank chassis, drop frame chassis or tank trailers, are a form of intermodal transportation for portable bulk liquid containers or ISO tank containers. They are characteristically longer and have lower deck height ideal for transporting constantly shifting payloads.Nventa Biopharmaceuticals CorporationExtracellular: In cell biology, molecular biology and related fields, the word extracellular (or sometimes extracellular space) means "outside the cell". This space is usually taken to be outside the plasma membranes, and occupied by fluid.Protein engineering: Protein engineering is the process of developing useful or valuable proteins. It is a young discipline, with much research taking place into the understanding of protein folding and recognition for protein design principles.Ontario Genomics Institute: The Ontario Genomics Institute (OGI) is a not-for-profit organization that manages cutting-edge genomics research projects and platforms.The Ontario Genomics Institute OGI also helps scientists find paths to the marketplace for their discoveries and the products to which they lead, and it works through diverse outreach and educational activities to raise awareness and facilitate informed public dialogue about genomics and its social impacts.Canadian Renewable Fuels Association: The Canadian Renewable Fuels Association (CRFA) is a non-profit organization in Canada, created in 1984. Its stated purpose is to "promote renewable fuels for transportation through consumer awareness and government liaison activities", and its membership includes "representatives from all levels of the ethanol and biodiesel industry", including agricultural associations and producers of ethanol and biodiesel.Interleukin 34: Interleukin-34, or IL-34 is a protein belonging to a group of cytokines called interleukins. It was originally identified in humans, by large scale screening of secreted proteins; chimpanzee, murine, rat and chicken IL-34 orthologs have also been found.Synthetic genomics: Synthetic genomics is a nascent field of synthetic biology that uses aspects of genetic modification on pre-existing life forms with the intent of producing some product or desired behavior on the part of the life form so created.Chilalo Agricultural Development Union: Chilalo Agricultural Development Union (CADU) is the first comprehensive package project established in Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia to modernize traditional subsistence agriculture. The major components of the package programmes include fertilizers, ameliorated seeds, farm credits, marketing facilities, better tools and implements, and improved storage facilities.Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation: The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation is the independent nonprofit technology transfer organization serving the University of Wisconsin–Madison and Morgridge Institute for Research. It provides significant research support, granting tens of millions of dollars to the university each year and contributing to the university's "margin of excellence.Internet organizations: This is a list of Internet organizations, or organizations that play or played a key role in the evolution of the Internet by developing recommendations, standards, and technology; deploying infrastructure and services; and addressing other major issues.Agricultural engineering: Agricultural engineering in forestryChristian Zheng Sheng College: Christian Zheng Sheng College () is a private school in Hong Kong established by the Christian Zheng Sheng Association (ZSA). Its founder and principal is Chan Siu Cheuk (Alman Chan).Tropical Asia: Through a crop-based biodiversity, natural resources and animals (birds, fruits, and forests), Tropical Asia is economically and physiogeographically rich. There are 16 countries of Tropical Asia ranging in size from around 610 km² (Singapore) to 3,000,000 km² (India).Protein splicing: Protein splicing is an intramolecular reaction of a particular protein in which an internal protein segment (called an intein) is removed from a precursor protein with a ligation of C-terminal and N-terminal external proteins (called exteins) on both sides. The splicing junction of the precursor protein is mainly a cysteine or a serine, which are amino acids containing a nucleophilic side chain.PSI Protein Classifier: PSI Protein Classifier is a program generalizing the results of both successive and independent iterations of the PSI-BLAST program. PSI Protein Classifier determines belonging of the found by PSI-BLAST proteins to the known families.Microalgal bacterial flocs: == MaB-flocs ==Andrew Dickson WhiteIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology: The Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal published by Medknow Publications on behalf of the Indian Association of Medical Microbiology. The journal publishes articles on medical microbiology including bacteriology, virology, phycology, mycology, parasitology, and protozoology.Marketing authorization: Process of reviewing and assessing the dossier to support a medicinal product in view of its marketing (also called licensing, registration, approval, etc.), finalized by granting of a document also called marketing authorization (MA) (equivalent: product license).Coles PhillipsConsumer Product Safety Act: The Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) was enacted in 1972 by the United States Congress. The act established the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) as an independent agency of the United States federal government and defined its basic authority.Toronto Western Research Institute: The Toronto Western Research Institute (TWRI) is a non-profit academic medical research institute located in Canada’s largest city, Toronto. The TWRI is one the principal research institutes of the University Health Network of academic teaching hospitals associated with the University of Toronto; the TWRI is also one of the largest research institutes in Canada focussing on human neurological disease from both a basic science and clinical research perspective.Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering: The Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering (IBBME) was founded in 1962 at the University of Toronto (U of T). IBBME is home to the common research and teaching interests of the faculties of Applied Science and Engineering, Dentistry, and Medicine at the U of T.China Biologic Products, Inc.PolyhydroxyalkanoatesDda (DNA-dependent ATPase): Dda (short for DNA-dependent ATPase; also known as Dda helicase and Dda DNA helicase) is the 439-amino acid 49,897-atomic mass unit protein coded by the Dda gene of the bacteriophage T4 phage, a virus that infects enterobacteria.DNA sequencer: A DNA sequencer is a scientific instrument used to automate the DNA sequencing process. Given a sample of DNA, a DNA sequencer is used to determine the order of the four bases: G (guanine), C (cytosine), A (adenine) and T (thymine).Paratransgenesis: Paratransgenesis is a technique that attempts to eliminate a pathogen from vector populations through transgenesis of a symbiont of the vector. The goal of this technique is to control vector-borne diseases.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Conference and Labs of the Evaluation Forum: The Conference and Labs of the Evaluation Forum (formerly Cross-Language Evaluation Forum), or CLEF, is an organization promoting research in multilingual information access (currently focusing on European languages). Its specific functions are to maintain an underlying framework for testing information retrieval systems and to create repositories of data for researchers to use in developing comparable standards.United States–Thailand Free Trade Agreement: President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra announced the intention to negotiate a US-Thailand free trade agreement on October 19, 2003 during President Bush's state visit to Thailand on the event of the APEC Leaders' meeting in Bangkok.Bioprocess: A bioprocess is a specific process that uses complete living cells or their components (e.g.Mac OS X Server 1.0MBF BiosciencePublic Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness Response ActCS-BLASTWebAIMExogenous bacteria: Exogenous bacteria are microorganisms introduced to closed biological systems from the external world. They exist in aquatic and terrestrial environments, as well as the atmosphere.List of varieties of genetically modified maize: This is a partial list of varieties of maize that have been modified.Reaction coordinateWalter Reed Army Institute of ResearchSequence clustering: In bioinformatics, sequence clustering algorithms attempt to group biological sequences that are somehow related. The sequences can be either of genomic, "transcriptomic" (ESTs) or protein origin.The Republican War on Science: The Republican War on Science is a 2005 book by Chris C. Mooney, an American journalist who focuses on the politics of science policy.Food desert: A food desert is a geographic area where affordable and nutritious food is difficult to obtain, particularly for those without access to an automobile.USDA Defines Food Deserts | American Nutrition Association Some research links food deserts to diet-related health problems and health disparities in affected populations, but this phenomenon has been disputed.Fragment-based lead discovery: Fragment-based lead discovery (FBLD) also known as fragment-based drug discovery (FBDD) is a method used for finding lead compounds as part of the drug discovery process. It is based on identifying small chemical fragments, which may bind only weakly to the biological target, and then growing them or combining them to produce a lead with a higher affinity.The Flash ChroniclesMolecular Foundry: thumbnail|200px|The Molecular Foundry building in Berkeley, CaliforniaProtein primary structure: The primary structure of a peptide or protein is the linear sequence of its amino acid structural units, and partly comprises its overall biomolecular structure. By convention, the primary structure of a protein is reported starting from the amino-terminal (N) end to the carboxyl-terminal (C) end.List of pharmaceutical compound number prefixes: This list of pharmaceutical compound number prefixes details a pharmaceutical drug labeling standard. Pharmaceutical companies produce a large number of compounds, which cannot all be given names.History of nanotechnology: The history of nanotechnology traces the development of the concepts and experimental work falling under the broad category of nanotechnology. Although nanotechnology is a relatively recent development in scientific research, the development of its central concepts happened over a longer period of time.Mannosylfructose-phosphate synthase: Mannosylfructose-phosphate synthase (, mannosylfructose-6-phosphate synthase, MFPS) is an enzyme with system name GDP-mannose:D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-alpha-D-mannosyltransferase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionList of systems biology conferences: Systems biology is a biological study field that focuses on the systematic study of complex interactions in biological systems, thus using a new perspective (integration instead of reduction) to study them. Particularly from year 2000 onwards, the term is used widely in the biosciences.Saprobiontic: Saprobionts are organisms that digest their food externally and then absorb the products. Fungi are examples of saprobiontic organisms also known as decomposers.Global microbial identifier: The genomic epidemiological database for global identification of microorganisms or global microbial identifier (GMI) is a platform for storing whole genome sequencing (WGS) data of microorganisms, for the identification of relevant genes and for the comparison of genomes to detect and track-and-trace infectious disease outbreaks and emerging pathogens. The database holds two types of information: 1) genomic information of microorganisms, linked to, 2) metadata of those microorganism such as epidemiological details.List of strains of Escherichia coli: Escherichia coli is a well studied bacterium that was first identified by Theodor Escherich, after whom it was later named.Pinguicula lutea: Pinguicula lutea, commonly known as the yellow butterwort, is a species of warm-temperate carnivorous plant in the Lentibulariaceae family. It grows in savannas and sandy bog areas of the Southeastern United States.Marine fungi: Marine fungi are species of fungi that live in marine or estuarine environments. They are not a taxonomic group but share a common habitat.Lucas paradox: In economics, the Lucas paradox or the Lucas puzzle is the observation that capital does not flow from developed countries to developing countries despite the fact that developing countries have lower levels of capital per worker.}}Symmetry element: A symmetry element is a point of reference about which symmetry operations can take place. In particular, symmetry elements can be centers of inversion, axes of rotation and mirror planes.Frank Dickens (biochemist): Frank Dickens FRS (15 December 1899 - 15 June 1986) was a biochemist, best known for his work at the Courtauld Institute of Biochemistry with Edward Charles Dodds on the pentose phosphate pathway which generates NADPH.Peter N.Proteomics Standards Initiative: The Proteomics Standards Initiative (PSI) is a working group of Human Proteome Organization. It aims to define data standards for proteomics in order to facilitate data comparison, exchange and verification.List of sequenced eukaryotic genomesLibrary (biology): In molecular biology, a library is a collection of DNA fragments that is stored and propagated in a population of micro-organisms through the process of molecular cloning. There are different types of DNA libraries, including cDNA libraries (formed from reverse-transcribed RNA), genomic libraries (formed from genomic DNA) and randomized mutant libraries (formed by de novo gene synthesis where alternative nucleotides or codons are incorporated).Ferric uptake regulator family: In molecular biology, the ferric uptake regulator (FUR) family of proteins includes metal ion uptake regulator proteins. These are responsible for controlling the intracellular concentration of iron in many bacteria.Reverse vaccinology: Reverse vaccinology is an improvement on vaccinology that employs bioinformatics, pioneered by Rino Rappuoli and first used against Serogroup B meningococcus.Pizza et al.Flux (metabolism): Flux, or metabolic flux is the rate of turnover of molecules through a metabolic pathway. Flux is regulated by the enzymes involved in a pathway.

(1/1820) Thermostability reinforcement through a combination of thermostability-related mutations of N-carbamyl-D-amino acid amidohydrolase.

For the improvement of N-carbamyl-D-amino acid amidohydrolase (DCase), which can be used for the industrial production of D-amino acids, the stability of DCase from Agrobacterium sp. KNK712 was improved through various combinations of thermostability-related mutations. The thermostable temperature (defined as the temperature on heat treatment for 10 min that caused a decrease in the DCase activity of 50%) of the enzyme which had three amino acids, H57Y, P203E, and V236A, replaced was increased by about 19 degrees C. The mutant DCase, designated as 455M, was purified and its enzymatic properties were studied. The enzyme had highly increased stability against not only temperature but also pH, the optimal temperature of the enzyme being about 75 degrees C. The substrate specificity of the enzyme for various N-carbamyl-D-amino acids was changed little in comparison with that of the native enzyme. Enzymochemical parameters were also measured.  (+info)

(2/1820) Turning over a new leaf. Tobacco.

Anticipating a diminishing market for cigarettes and other tobacco products in the future, researchers around the country are studying alternative uses for tobacco plants. The most promising field of research for tobacco involves the genetic engineering of tobacco plants to produce various substances such as industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and consumer product ingredients. Tobacco has been called the "fruit fly of the plant kingdom" because of the ease with which it can be genetically engineered. There are countless possibilities for the use of tobacco, but current efforts are concentrating on engineering tobacco to produce vaccines, human enzymes, and plastics. Tobacco researchers have been successful in expressing bovine lysozyme, an enzyme with antibacterial properties, and insulin.  (+info)

(3/1820) Recombinant follicle stimulating hormone: development of the first biotechnology product for the treatment of infertility. Recombinant Human FSH Product Development Group.

Genes encoding the common gonadotrophin alpha subunit and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)-specific beta subunit were isolated from a DNA library derived from human fetal liver cells, and inserted into separate expression vectors containing a selectable/amplifiable gene. These vectors were inserted into the genome of the Chinese hamster ovary cell line, resulting in expression of large amounts of biologically active human (h)FSH. This cell line was cultured on microcarrier beads in a large-scale bioreactor. hFSH in the cell culture supernatant was purified to homogeneity by a multistep process. The mature beta subunit had seven fewer amino acid residues than reported in the literature and three other differences were found in the sequence. Similar oligosaccharide structures were present on recombinant (r)-hFSH and a purified urinary (u)-hFSH preparation. In-vitro and in-vivo, the biological activities of u- and r-hFSH were indistinguishable. r-hFSH was formulated in ampoules containing 75 IU FSH activity (approximately 7.5 microg FSH), which accounts for >99% of the protein content of the preparation. Studies in non-human primates and human volunteers showed the pharmacokinetics of u- and r-hFSH to be similar. In healthy volunteers, r-hFSH stimulated follicular development and induced significant increases in serum oestradiol and inhibin. Clinical experience with r-hFSH has shown it is more effective at stimulating ovarian follicle growth than urinary gonadotrophins. It is also effective at initiating spermatogenesis when given together with human chorionic gonadotrophin.  (+info)

(4/1820) The challenge of integrating monoclonal antibodies into the current healthcare system.

Although there are few monoclonal antibody (MoAb) products on the market, the biotechnology industry has made considerable progress over the last decade. The industry has developed new technology to address the primary hurdles facing the development of MoAbs--including the immune response to murine-derived antibodies as well as lack of tumor specificity. As the techniques for development become more refined, more products will be approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Integrating these products into the existing healthcare system will be a challenge, given their high acquisition costs. Recent pharmacoeconomic examples outlined in this paper confirm that MoAb products will need to be supported with proven clinical and economic profiles. As long as a global clinical and economic perspective is taken and patient care benefits can be demonstrated, the place of MoAbs in the future of healthcare will be assured.  (+info)

(5/1820) Essential drugs in the new international economic environment.

Recent global developments in the regulation of trade and intellectual property rights threaten to hinder the access of populations in developing countries to essential drugs. The authors argue for state intervention in the health and pharmaceutical markets in order to guarantee equitable access to these products.  (+info)

(6/1820) A sandwiched-culture technique for evaluation of heterologous protein production in a filamentous fungus.

Aspergillus niger is known for its efficient excretion machinery. However, problems have often arisen in obtaining high amounts of heterologous proteins in the culture medium. Here we present a quick method using sandwiched colonies to evaluate transgenic strains for secretion of heterologous proteins. Expressing the ABH1 hydrophobin of Agaricus bisporus in A. niger, we showed that low production levels of the heterologous protein are probably due to extracellular proteolytic degradation of the protein.  (+info)

(7/1820) Global and local implications of biotechnology and climate change for future food supplies.

The development of improved technology for agricultural production and its diffusion to farmers is a process requiring investment and time. A large number of studies of this process have been undertaken. The findings of these studies have been incorporated into a quantitative policy model projecting supplies of commodities (in terms of area and crop yields), equilibrium prices, and international trade volumes to the year 2020. These projections show that a "global food crisis," as would be manifested in high commodity prices, is unlikely to occur. The same projections show, however, that in many countries, "local food crisis," as manifested in low agricultural incomes and associated low food consumption in the presence of low food prices, will occur. Simulations show that delays in the diffusion of modern biotechnology research capabilities to developing countries will exacerbate local food crises. Similarly, global climate change will also exacerbate these crises, accentuating the importance of bringing strengthened research capabilities to developing countries.  (+info)

(8/1820) Plant genetic resources: what can they contribute toward increased crop productivity?

To feed a world population growing by up to 160 people per minute, with >90% of them in developing countries, will require an astonishing increase in food production. Forecasts call for wheat to become the most important cereal in the world, with maize close behind; together, these crops will account for approximately 80% of developing countries' cereal import requirements. Access to a range of genetic diversity is critical to the success of breeding programs. The global effort to assemble, document, and utilize these resources is enormous, and the genetic diversity in the collections is critical to the world's fight against hunger. The introgression of genes that reduced plant height and increased disease and viral resistance in wheat provided the foundation for the "Green Revolution" and demonstrated the tremendous impact that genetic resources can have on production. Wheat hybrids and synthetics may provide the yield increases needed in the future. A wild relative of maize, Tripsacum, represents an untapped genetic resource for abiotic and biotic stress resistance and for apomixis, a trait that could provide developing world farmers access to hybrid technology. Ownership of genetic resources and genes must be resolved to ensure global access to these critical resources. The application of molecular and genetic engineering technologies enhances the use of genetic resources. The effective and complementary use of all of our technological tools and resources will be required for meeting the challenge posed by the world's expanding demand for food.  (+info)


  • The Amex Biotechnology Index BTK, +0.03% nudged up 0.1 percent and the Nasdaq Biotechnology Index NBI, +0.05% advanced 0.6 percent. (
  • The Amex Biotechnology Index declined more than 25 percent in the third quarter and the Nasdaq Biotechnology Index also shed more than 25 percent. (

food biotechnology

  • These programs offer courses in basic aspects of biotechnology such as general concepts in biotechnology, food biotechnology, basic manufacturing concepts and drug development. (

Biochemical Engineering

  • The Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering (BBE) program supports fundamental engineering research that advances the understanding of cellular and biomolecular processes in engineering biology and eventually leads to the development of enabling technology for advanced manufacturing and/or applications in support of the biopharmaceutical, biotechnology, and bioenergy industries, or with applications in health or the environment. (


  • While biology degrees tend to be more theoretical, biotechnology degree programs teach the application of biological science to address some of the world's biggest health and survival concerns. (

industrial processes

  • These disciplines include red biotechnology, the application of biotechnology techniques to medicine, green biotechnology, the application of these techniques to agriculture, white biotechnology, which applies biotechnology specifically to industrial processes and blue biotechnology, which brings biotechnology to the marine world. (


  • From gene therapy, a novel but still-experimental method of treating cancers and genetic diseases, to genetic testing, a field which is not without controversy, this field of biotechnology has much to offer. (
  • The Journal provides a medium for the rapid publication of both full-length articles and short communications on novel and innovative aspects of biotechnology . (


  • Biotechnology is the study of technology based on biology. (
  • Those wishing to get started down a biotechnology career path without any prior biology or biotechnology experience may want to consider pursuing a biotechnology certificate degree program. (
  • Those who took to biology in high school may be particularly well suited for a degree in biotechnology. (
  • Students who are interested in applying the concepts and theories touched upon in biology to real world situations will often find what they are looking for in biotechnology. (


  • Genetics is perhaps the most well-known field in biotechnology. (


  • He says there is debate and controversy around biotechnology but it can be used to address problems such as the need to increase yield and eliminate pests. (


  • For over ten years, the Methods in Biotechnology series has provided biotechnology researchers and laboratory scientists with reliable, step-by-step protocols used to discover new approaches to agriculture, food science, and medicine. (


  • Earning a degree in biotechnology is a great way to start a career in genetic engineering and bioengineering. (
  • When people think of biotechnology it's usually things like genetic engineering and cloning which come most readily to mind. (
  • However, the field of biotechnology is actually much wider than genetic manipulation, including applications in agriculture, engineering and bioremediation as well as health and medicine. (
  • In medicine, biotechnology applications include genetic testing and gene therapy, both of which involve the study or manipulation of genetic material. (
  • Gene therapy is a very different type of genetic biotechnology application which involves the manipulation of genetic material, and the genetic manipulation of organisms, in the attempt to cure specific diseases. (


  • Biotechnology offers science students to get their hands dirty, to really use biological knowledge to manipulate the environment for the better. (


  • Sign up for online classes in biotechnology and start furthering your education in this exciting field of science. (
  • Master of Science degrees in biotechnology will vary according to which area of biotechnology you wish to study. (
  • Some may choose a Master of Science in Biotechnology Studies, which focuses on the management and the practical functionality of specific technologies in the biotechnology industry. (


  • The Biotechnology certificate program offers hands-on, competency-based instruction designed to prepare students for entry-level positions in the bio-manufacturing industry. (
  • In our program, we emphasize the health and pharmaceutical sciences, which constitute more than 50% of the total activity in biochemical research and biotechnology in Canada. (
  • You can combine this program with Conestoga College's Biotechnology Technician Diploma and complete two programs in only five years. (


  • There are a number of accredited online universities that allow students to get a top biotechnology education online. (
  • the other, the Association of Biotechnology Companies (ABC), represented emerging companies and universities, and focused on technology transfer issues, meetings and other business development activities. (


  • There is a wide range of biotechnology related careers so it is hard to pin down a specific salary range for anyone with a biotechnology degree. (


  • Biotechnology is the application of biochemistry to develop technologies, materials and products that help improve, replenish and sustain the health of our planet. (


  • El Índice NASDAQ de Biotecnología incluye valores de empresas que cotizan en el NASDAQ clasificadas de acuerdo al Industry Classification Benchmark, las cuales pueden ser de biotecnología o farmacéuticas y que cumplan también con otros criterios de elegibilidad. (
  • signed the Biotechnology Industry Organization to gain congressional support for such industrial biotechnology issues as turning corn residues into usable plastics and establishing biorefineries. (


  • Those with biotechnology degrees command a great deal of scientific research funding, as the ability to create new and more productive food sources is always in demand. (
  • Those with higher aspirations in biotechnology may consider an associate's degree that will provide additional research skills and technical knowledge. (
  • This issue of Nature Biotechnology summarizes the current status of high-throughput sequencing as applied to life sciences and medical research. (


  • Swift Biotechnology licensed a USA Mitchell Cancer Institute technology, which exploits a unique set of protein biomarkers to screen and diagnose early-stage endometrial and ovarian cancer. (


  • There are several controversial issues relating to these biotechnology applications. (


  • Mugo says to date there's no data on applied biotechnology available to the east African farming community. (


  • Those who want to explore the full range of biotechnology options will need to start by earning a bachelor's degree in biotechnology. (


  • People with degrees in biotechnology can find career opportunities in pharmaceutical formulation, as bio-organic chemists and as university professors. (


  • As long as these distance learning programs are properly accredited, the right degree or certificate can be sufficient for a basic career in biotechnology. (


  • There are many areas in biotechnology that require intensive study. (


  • Mugo says biotechnology applied to seeds can enable farmers to deal more effectively with pest resistance. (