Behavioral Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Behavioral Research: Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)Behavioral Medicine: The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.

*  Faculty-Staff Resources - College of Social and Behavioral Sciences - Northern Arizona University
Social and Behavioral Sciences. Accessible version of Social and Behavioral Sciences Media Gallery. Close. ... ICPSR is the world's largest collection of digital social science data covering topics from sociology, political science, ... ICPSR is the world's largest collection of digital social science data covering topics from sociology, political science, ... the social science research community maintaining a data archive of more than 500,000 files of research in the social sciences. ...
*  Behavioral Science chptr 5 Flashcards -
Study Flashcards On Behavioral Science chptr 5 at Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. makes ... "Behavioral Science chptr 5","payreferer_url":"\/flashcards\/copy\/behavioral-science-chptr-5-396142","isGuest":true,"ga_id":"UA ... How frequently a behavioral disorder or trait occurs in the relatives of the affected individual ...
*  Health Decision Making
New Government Reports Showcase Behavioral Science. Evidence-based behavioral strategies are being used to combat everything ... and Behavioral Sciences Team and the UK's Behavioural Insights Team showcase the latest applications of behavioral science in ... Behavioral 'Nudges' Offer a Cost-Effective Policy Tool. A study examining the cost-effectiveness of nudges and typical policy ...
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... science and technology news from leading research institutions and universities. Sponsored by AAAS, the science society. ... is an online science news service featuring health, medicine, ... Association for Psychological Science As science reveals more ... California Academy of Sciences This fall, the California Academy of Sciences partnered with The Habitat Penang Hill and ... Psychological Science in the Public Interest. Public Release: 7-Dec-2017. Patient bedside important for medical student ...
*  About Us | Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
The Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Johns Hopkins Medicine has occupied a distinguished place in the field ...
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Patient care is at the heart of everything we do at the Johns Hopkins Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. Our ...
*  Education | Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. The Einstein Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science's training ...
*  Global Capitalism: A Sociological Perspective | Social & Behavioral Sciences | Subjects | Wiley
The global financial crisis has challenged many of our most authoritative economic ideologies and policies. After thirty years of reshaping the world to conform to the market, governments and societies are now calling for a retreat to a yet undefined new economic order. In order to provide a guide to what the twenty-first-century economy might look like, this book revisits the great project of Global Capitalism. What did it actually entail? How far did it go? What were its strengths and failings? By deconstructing its core ideas and examining its empirical record, can we gain clues about how to move forward after the crisis? Miguel Centeno and Joseph Cohen define capitalism as a historically-evolving and socially-constructed institution, rooted in three core economic activities trade, finance and marketing and identify the three key challenges that any new economic system will need to surmount inequality, governance, and environmental sustainability.. This accessible and engaging book will be ...
*  About Us | UC Davis Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. 2230 Stockton Blvd. , Sacramento, CA 95817 , Behavioral Health Center Clinic ... The Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences offers a wealth of opportunities for students and faculty for clinical and ... 2014 UC Regents. All Rights Reserved , Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences ... research applications in all aspects of psychiatry and behavioral sciences.. Faculty members engage in a wide variety of ...
*  9788131521045 - Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences by Gravetter - AbeBooks
Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences by Gravetter and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available ... Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences (Ninth Edition) Frederick J. Gravetter. Published by Wadsworth/Cengage Learning India ( ... Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences (Ninth Edition) Frederick J. Gravetter. Published by Wadsworth/Cengage Learning India ( ... Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences (EDN 9) Larry B. Wallnau,Frederick J. Gravetter ...
*  Specialists in Huntington's Disease | Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Alzheimer's Disease (AD), Behavioral Disorders in Dementia, Behavioral Medicine, Dementia, ... Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Schizoaffective Disorder, Schizophrenia, Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 12 ... Epilepsy, Huntington's Disease, Memory Disorders, Neuropsychology, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Psychologist, Psychology ... Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Adult Psychiatry, Huntington's Disease, Neurology, Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioral ...
*  Gender in Political Theory | Social Identity | Social & Behavioral Sciences | Subjects | Wiley
Gender in Political Theory is a thoughtful, densely argued text. Judith Squires has provided students of politics with an indispensably insightful, nuanced and thoroughly engaging exploration of the complex, yet often paradoxical ways that feminist debates about the centrality of gender as an analytic category have fundamentally transformed the discipline of politics. Navigating deftly among many contested perspectives on the project of Western feminist theory and the study of politics, Squires provides a comprehensive and eminently readable assessment of the ways that different approaches to theorizing gender reframe and reconstruct the political.' Kathy Jones, San Diego State University ...
*  Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences - Wikipedia
Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by the American Psychological ... "Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences". American Psychological Association. 13 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-13. Official website ... emphasis on work that integrates evolutionary theory with other approaches and perspectives from across the behavioral sciences ... The journal is abstracted and indexed in Academic Search Complete, International Bibliography of the Social Sciences, PsycINFO ...
*  Ryan Darling, Assistant Professor, Psychological Sciences, Education and...
Zhou X, Lu JYF, Darling RD, Simpson KL, Zhu X, Wang F, Yu L, Sun X, Merzenich M, Lin RCS (2015). Behavioral training reverses ... Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(7):2233-2238. Zhang J, Dennis KA, Darling RD, Alzghoul L, Paul IA, Simpson ... As an Assistant Professor in the Department of Neurobiology and Anatomical Sciences at the UMMC, I concentrated my efforts on ... I was trained as a behavioral neuroscientist at Miami University under Dr. Stephen Berry, where I researched the ...
*  Western Behavioral Sciences Institute - Wikipedia
The Western Behavioral Sciences Institute (WBSI) was founded in 1958, in La Jolla, California, as an independent, nonprofit ... Its staff has always included outstanding leaders in the social sciences. WBSI became best known, perhaps, as the place Carl ... Faculty and lecturers included leaders and innovators in academia, politics, science, business, and the arts such as Harlan ...
*  Behavioral Science Unit - Wikipedia
... and is now known as Behavioral Analysis Unit 5 (BAU-5). The FBI Academy Behavioral Science Unit Archived 2016-12-22 at the ... Behavioral Science Unit (BSU) was one of the original instructional components of the FBI's Training Division at Quantico, ... Its mission was to develop and provide programs of training, research, and consultation in the behavioral and social sciences ... Applied Behavioral Science for Law Enforcement; Conflict and Crisis Management: Theory and Practice; Futuristics and Law ...
*  Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences - Wikipedia
Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences is abstracted and indexed in, among other databases: SCOPUS, and the Social Sciences ... Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences is a peer-reviewed academic journal. The journal's editor is Amado M. Padilla (Stanford ... Web of Science (Social Sciences ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2011. Official website. ...
*  Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences - Wikipedia
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all aspects of the behavioral ... sciences. It was established in 2015 and is published by Elsevier as part of their Current Opinion series of journals. The ...
*  Social and Behavioral Sciences Team - Wikipedia
The Social and Behavioral Sciences Team is a group of experts in applied behavioral science that translates findings and ... "Can Behavioral Science Help in Flint?". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2017-08-08. "The White House Is Now Using Behavioral ... The Social and Behavioral Sciences Team (SBST) was established in the US by Executive Order #13707 on September 15, 2015. ... "Social and Behavioral Sciences Team Annual Report 2015" (PDF). Appelbaum, Binyamin (2015-09-29). "Behaviorists Show the U.S. ...
Students in the Rollins School of Public Health's Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education study behaviors and ... BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES AND HEALTH EDUCATION (BSHE). Evaluate and develop effective behavioral promotion interventions and engage ...
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... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. ... Behavioral Ecology of the Mariana Crow (Corvus kubaryi): Age-related Foraging, Spatial Behavior, Habitat Selection, and ... Ebola outbreak demonstrates the importance of minimizing exposure risks and understanding the drivers that influence behavioral ...
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The Behavioral Science Consultation Teams (BSCTs, pronounced "biscuits") are groups of medical doctors, psychiatrists and ...
*  Behavioral Science Aspects of Rapid Test Acceptance - Full Text View -
Behavioral Science Aspects of Rapid Test Acceptance (BSARTA). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ...
*  Marx and Modernity: Key Readings and Commentary | Social Theory | Social & Behavioral Sciences | Subjects | Wiley
Notes on Contributors. General Editor's Foreword.. Acknowledgments.. Introduction: Marx and Modernity (Robert J. Antonio).. Section I: Marx Readings.. Part 1: Marx's Vision of History: ""Historical Materialism."".. 1. Primary Historical Relations or the Basic Aspects of Social Activity (with Friedrich Engels).. 2. The Ruling Class and Ruling Ideas... (with Friedrich Engels).. 3. The Formation of Classes... (with Friedrich Engels).. 4. Preface to A Contribution to a Critique of Political Economy.. 5. Labor Rent.. 6. Karl Marx (Friedrich Engels).. 7. Letter to Joseph Bloch (Friedrich Engels).. Part 2: The Juggernaut of Capitalist Modernity: The Revolutionary Bourgeoisie, End of Tradition, and New Social Powers.. 8. The So-Called Primitive Accumulation.. 9. Development of the Division of Labor (with Friedrich Engels).. 10. Bourgeois and Proletarians: (with Friedrich Engels).. 11. Historical Tendency of Capitalist Accumulation.. 12. Cooperation.. 13. Cardinal Facts of Capitalist Production.. Part 3: ...

(1/60) Behavioral science in diabetes. Contributions and opportunities.

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the current status of behavioral research and practice in diabetes and to identify promising future directions. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We review behavioral science contributions to diabetes in self-management and patient empowerment, interventions with children and adolescents, and special problems including blood glucose awareness training and complications such as depression. We also identify emerging areas in which behavioral science stands to make significant contributions, including quality of life, worksite and community programs, interventions using new information technologies, and translation research evaluating practical programs in representative settings. We then discuss the gap between the generally encouraging research on behavioral contributions to diabetes and the infrequent incorporation of such contributions in practice. Suggestions are made for how to close this gap, including ways to increase understanding of behavioral issues, opportunities for funding of key research and implementation questions, and how behavioral science principles can become more integrated into diabetes organizations and care. CONCLUSIONS: Changes are required on the part of behavioral scientists in how they organize and present their research and on the part of potential users of this knowledge, including other health professions, organizations, and funding agencies. Integrating behavioral science advances with other promising genetic, medical, nutritional, technology, health care, and policy opportunities promises not only to broaden our understanding of diabetes but also to improve patient care, quality of life, and public health for persons with diabetes.  (+info)

(2/60) Gross anatomy of the head and neck and neuroscience in an integrated first-year medical school curriculum.

The curriculum for first year medical students at the University of Cincinnati has changed. Beginning in the fall of 1998, material in the first year was presented in an Integrated Educational Program. The goal of this program was to provide students with an understanding of the normal structure, function, and development of the human body. The purpose of this report is to discuss the unique integration that occurs in a block offered during the Spring Quarter. The two components of this block are Gross Anatomy of the Head and Neck and Brain and Behavior I. Brain and Behavior I is a new offering combining neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neurology, and a psychiatry/behavioral component. The unique combinations offered in this block are logical, educationally sound, and have been enthusiastically received by both the students and faculty.  (+info)

(3/60) Behavioral sampling techniques for feedlot cattle.

Continuous observations are an accurate method for behavioral measurements but are difficult to conduct on large numbers of animals because of extensive labor requirements. Thus, we sought to develop methods of behavioral data collection in feedlot cattle production systems that reasonably approximated continuous sampling. Standing, lying, feeding, drinking, and walking behaviors were examined from 224 h of continuous video from 64 heifers. Experiment 1 (n = 24 heifers) compared continuous behavioral sampling techniques (Continuous) with scan sampling using intervals of 1, 5, 10, 15, 30, and 60 min and time sampling (a technique for the periodic recording of behavior) for the first 10 min out of every 60 min. Means for each scan sampling method did not differ in estimated percentage of duration of behaviors (P > 0.05) from continuous sampling, except for scan sampling with a 60-min interval. Scan sampling with a 60-min interval differed from more frequent scan sampling intervals for all behaviors except lying. Scan sampling with short intervals (1 and 5 min) was correlated highly with Continuous for all behaviors. The longer the scan interval, the lower the correlations, especially for behaviors with short duration. Time sampling was not an accurate technique for measuring the sampled behaviors. Focal animal sampling (using continuous sampling of individuals) indicated that one heifer was representative of the entire pen of 10 animals (Continuous) for all maintenance behaviors except drinking. Scan sampling methods (1-, 5-, 10-, and 15-min intervals) were accurate methods of behavioral sampling for feedlot cattle, but scan intervals of 30 or 60 min were less accurate and less precise. Time sampling was not an accurate method because it overestimated standing and underestimated lying behaviors. Experiment 2 (n = 40 heifers) investigated the number of focal animals required to accurately represent continuous behavioral sampling for all animals. Focal animal sampling was accurate for most behaviors using as few as 1 animal out of 10 but was not an accurate method for drinking behavior unless 40% of the animals in the pen were observed. Estimates of sample sizes needed for experimental protocols are provided. Behavioral means, standard deviations, and coefficients of variation are presented along with estimates of required sample sizes. These results validate accurate, precise, and efficient methods for quantifying feedlot cattle behavior.  (+info)

(4/60) Citation trends of applied journals in behavioral psychology 1981-2000.

One variable with which to evaluate scientific journals is how often their articles are cited in the literature. Such data are amenable to longitudinal analysis and can be used as a measure of a journal's impact on research within a discipline. We evaluated multiple citation measures for a number of applied journals in behavioral psychology from 1981 to 2000. The results indicate a relatively consistent impact across these journals, with some evidence of growth.  (+info)

(5/60) Grounding a new information technology implementation framework in behavioral science: a systematic analysis of the literature on IT use.

Many interventions to improve the success of information technology (IT) implementations are grounded in behavioral science, using theories, and models to identify conditions and determinants of successful use. However, each model in the IT literature has evolved to address specific theoretical problems of particular disciplinary concerns, and each model has been tested and has evolved using, in most cases, a more or less restricted set of IT implementation procedures. Functionally, this limits the perspective for taking into account the multiple factors at the individual, group, and organizational levels that influence use behavior. While a rich body of literature has emerged, employing prominent models such as the Technology Adoption Model, Social-Cognitive Theory, and Diffusion of Innovation Theory, the complexity of defining a suitable multi-level intervention has largely been overlooked. A gap exists between the implementation of IT and the integration of theories and models that can be utilized to develop multi-level approaches to identify factors that impede usage behavior. We present a novel framework that is intended to guide synthesis of more than one theoretical perspective for the purpose of planning multi-level interventions to enhance IT use. This integrative framework is adapted from PRECEDE/PROCEDE, a conceptual framework used by health planners in hundreds of published studies to direct interventions that account for the multiple determinants of behavior. Since we claim that the literature on IT use behavior does not now include a multi-level approach, we undertook a systematic literature analysis to confirm this assertion. Our framework facilitated organizing this literature synthesis and our analysis was aimed at determining if the IT implementation approaches in the published literature were characterized by an approach that considered at least two levels of IT usage determinants. We found that while 61% of studies mentioned or referred to theory, none considered two or more levels. In other words, although the researchers employ behavioral theory, they omit two fundamental propositions: (1) IT usage is influenced by multiple factors and (2) interventions must be multi-dimensional. Our literature synthesis may provide additional insight into the reason for high failure rates associated with underutilized systems, and underscores the need to move beyond the current dominant approach that employs a single model to guide IT implementation plans that aim to address factors associated with IT acceptance and subsequent positive use behavior.  (+info)

(6/60) Integrating behavioral and social science into a public health agency: a case study of New York City.

In the last century, both the health and life expectancy of Americans improved dramatically. These gains were primarily the result of advances in public health. But the approaches used may not be adequate to achieve the next level of improvements in health. Because health exists in the context of social, environmental, community, religious, political, and other spheres, ecological approaches that incorporate behavioral and social science theory and methodologies may provide the best avenue for advancing health in the 21st century. In 1999, the New York City Department of Health (NYCDOH) undertook the task of integrating behavioral and social science into its public health practice. The experience serves as a case study on the integration process at a public health agency.  (+info)

(7/60) Use of social and behavioral sciences by public health departments in major cities.

Individual behavior and social contexts are critical determinants of health. We surveyed commissioners or their designees in 22 departments of health serving US cities of at least 500,000 people to examine their use of scientific approaches to influence individual behavior and social contexts. Each department used behavioral or social science in its work, but only four departments were judged to have integrated these approaches throughout their operations, using both centralized and decentralized structures. Degree of integration was unrelated to collaboration with universities or communities but was related to use of explicit theories. Behavioral and social sciences were employed most frequently in the areas of HIV/AIDS and maternal and child health and in the service of changing individual behavior rather than larger contexts, although across departments many health problems and approaches were involved. Commissioners generally found the approaches valuable, but articulated barriers to more widespread adoption.  (+info)

(8/60) The role of social and behavioral science in public health practice: a study of the New York City Department of Health.

Studies over the last decade have demonstrated the effectiveness of public health interventions based on social and behavioral science theory for many health problems. Little is known about the extent to which health departments are currently utilizing these theories. This study assesses the application of social and behavioral science to programs in the New York City Department of Health (NYCDOH). Structured open-ended interviews were conducted with executive and program management staff of the health department. Respondents were asked about the application of social and behavioral sciences within their programs, and about the benefits and barriers to increasing the use of such approaches. Themes related to the aims of the study were identified, a detailed coding manual developed, narrative data were coded independently by two investigators (kappa.85), and data analyzed. Interviews were conducted with 61 eligible individuals (response rate 88%). The most common applications of social and behavioral science were individual-level behavior change to prevent HIV transmission and community-level interventions utilizing community organizing models and/or media interventions for health promotion and disease prevention. There are generally positive attitudes about the benefits of utilizing these sciences; however, there are also reservations about expanded use because of resource constraints. While NYCDOH has successfully applied social and behavioral sciences in some areas of practice, many areas use them minimally or not at all. Increasing use will require additional resources. Partnerships with academic institutions can bring additional social and behavioral science resources to health departments and benefit researchers understanding of the health department environment.  (+info)

  • Faculty
  • ABSAME also welcomes membership from faculty members and students in schools of dentistry, public health, nursing, and allied health, as well as medical students, house staff, and graduate students in the behavioral sciences. (
  • emphasis
  • In the applied area Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is perhaps the best known wing of contextual behavioral science, and is an emphasis of ACBS, along with other types of contextual CBT, and efforts in education, organizational behavior, and other areas. (
  • research
  • Its mission was to develop and provide programs of training, research, and consultation in the behavioral and social sciences for the Federal Bureau of Investigation and law enforcement community that would improve or enhance their administration, operational effectiveness, and understanding of violent crime. (
  • Through its legacy of training, research, and consultation activities, the BSU developed techniques, tactics, and procedures that have become a staple of behavioral-based programs that support the law enforcement, intelligence, and military communities. (
  • The mission of the BSU was to be the premier unit for developing and facilitating relevant programs of training, research, and consultation in the behavioral sciences for the FBI workforce, including the law enforcement, intelligence, and military communities that will improve their effectiveness in furtherance of the strategic priorities of the FBI. (
  • This is accomplished through the creation of innovative bodies of knowledge in specialty areas and applied research on significant behavioral science issues for use in training and consultation in support of academic, program, and operational matters. (
  • The BSU was usurped by the Critical Incident Response Group (CIRG) and was changed to the Behavioral Research and Instruction Unit (BRIU) and is now known as Behavioral Analysis Unit 5 (BAU-5). (
  • Systems Research and Behavioral Science is a scientific journal for theory and research in the fields of systems sciences. (
  • Systems Research and Behavioral Science originated from the merger of two journals, Systems Research (1974-1996) and Behavioral Science (1956-1996). (
  • In the basic area, Relational Frame Theory is a research program in language and cognition that is considered part of contextual behavioral science, and is a focus of ACBS. (
  • Within the Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency, HFD applies social and behavioral sciences to improve detection, analysis, and understanding and response to homeland security threats. (
  • Overarching Topics: Institutions and infrastructure, History of the social sciences and the behavioral sciences, Ethics of research and applications, Biographies, Integrative concepts and issues Methodology: Statistics, Mathematics and computer sciences, Logic of inquiry and research design. (
  • programs
  • Many of these programs eventually developed into stand-alone programs, units, and centers such as the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC), Behavioral Analysis Unit (BAU), Undercover Safeguard Unit, Crisis Negotiation Unit, Hostage Rescue Team, and Employee Assistance Unit. (
  • topics
  • The new edition presents all the topics students in the behavioral sciences need in a uniquely accessible and easy-to-understand format, aiding in the comprehension and implementation of the statistical analyses most commonly used in the behavioral sciences. (
  • political
  • This unique volume gathers Weber's writings on a broad array of themes, from the nature of work, to the political culture of democracy, to the uniqueness of the West, to the character of the family and race relations, to the role of science and the fate of ethical action in the modern world. (
  • Education
  • Dr. Richard Olmsted (then Chairman of Pediatrics at the University of Oregon) was instrumental in planning and organizing the first conference on behavioral sciences and medical education held in the Allenberry Inn, Boiling Springs, PA. (
  • University
  • I was trained as a behavioral neuroscientist at Miami University under Dr. Stephen Berry, where I researched the electrophysiological correlates of rabbit eyeblink classical conditioning. (
  • Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University. (