Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Accidents, AviationAerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Medical Errors: Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.Mandatory Programs: Programs in which participation is required.Airports: Terminal facilities used for aircraft takeoff and landing and including facilities for handling passengers. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Renewable Energy: Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Chemical Hazard Release: Uncontrolled release of a chemical from its containment that either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a chemical hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.NevadaChecklist: Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.Risk Management: The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)Inservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Forensic Medicine: The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.

*  An analysis of federal aviation administration knowledge test scores and fatal general aviation accidents
Keywords: Federal Aviation Administration Knowledge Testing; Aviation Safety. Graduation Month: May. Degree: Doctor of ... An analysis of federal aviation administration knowledge test scores and fatal general aviation accidents. K-REx Repository. ... An analysis of federal aviation administration knowledge test scores and fatal general aviation accidents. King, Bernard ... The overwhelming numbers of aviation fatalities occur in General Aviation (GA) accidents. While the fatal accident rate has ...
*  Aviation Accidents Caused by Air Traffic Controllers
... *In Aviation Law, Helicopter Crash, Mass transit, Personal Injury ... Aviation Accident Attorney. If you have received injuries in an aviation accident that might have been caused by Air Traffic ... it is essential to contact an experienced aviation law firm with attorneys who are experienced in aviation disasters, as soon ... If you have been injured, or a loved one was injured or killed, in an aviation accident caused by Air Traffic Controller error ...
*  aviation - France 24
French aviation strike to affect domestic flights France's civil aviation authority recommended Friday that airlines reduce ... aviation. Air embargo only applies to Qatari firms, says UAE. The air embargo imposed on Qatar only applies to airlines from ... It's a unique case in the history of modern aviation. Nearly three years after its disappearance, Malaysia Airlines flight ... takes to the skies for a test flight as the country looks to break into the global aviation market. Also today: Uber faces… ...
*  Aviation - Wikipedia
Aviation portal Aeronautics Environmental impact of aviation List of aviation topics Timeline of aviation "Aviation ou ... An aviation accident is defined by the Convention on International Civil Aviation Annex 13 as an occurrence associated with the ... Civil aviation includes all non-military flying, both general aviation and scheduled air transport. There are five major ... General aviation includes all non-scheduled civil flying, both private and commercial. General aviation may include business ...
*  Aviation Taxes
Those more sympathetic to the idea of aviation taxes generally welcome the EU's measure, but worry that the roughly $2.6 fee ... The French government has proposed an air aviation tax beginning in July 2006. The tax would apply to tickets purchased for ... This page provides information on aviation taxes and how they can help curb global climate change, while raising revenue for ... The proposal, which is still being discussed, has already met strong opposition from the aviation industry that fears profit ...
*  Aviation (cocktail) - Wikipedia
The Aviation was created by Hugo Ensslin, head bartender at the Hotel Wallick in New York, in the early twentieth century. The ... The Aviation can be considered a variation on the Gin sour, using maraschino as its sweetener. The Blue Moon cocktail is made ... The Aviation is a classic cocktail made with gin, maraschino liqueur, crème de violette, and lemon juice. Some recipes omit the ... "Aviation". Drinkboy.com. Archived from the original on 21 January 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011. Ensslin, Hugo (2009) [1917]. ...
*  Woodgate Aviation - Wikipedia
Woodgate Aviation, also , is a British cargo and air ambulance based in Belfast, United Kingdom. Woodgate Aviation specialises ... "Woodgate Aviation firm invests in new £1.5m hangar in Belfast International Airport". Belfast Telegraph. 2 December 2014. ... "Woodgate Aviation invests £1.5 million in new airport hangar". Belfast International Airport. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 27 ...
*  Baxter Aviation - Wikipedia
The Baxter Aviation fleet consisted of 9 de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver aircraft. Baxter Aviation. ... On April 20, 2007, West Coast Air completed the purchase of Baxter Aviation. Baxter Aviation operated services between ... In 2007, Baxter Aviation was taken over by West Coast Air. The airline was founded in 1985 by Tom and Linda Baxter and began ... Baxter Aviation was an airline based in Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada, founded by Tom and Linda Baxter which operated ...
*  Rectrix Aviation - Wikipedia
Rectrix Aviation is a jet charter and commuter airline service that primarily serves New England, Florida and the east coast. ... "Rectrix Aviation to Launch Non-Stop Scheduled Passenger Service Between Cape Cod and New York City". AviationPros.com. ... "Rectrix Aviation buys competitor Five Star Jet Center at Westfield-Barnes Regional Airport". MassLive.com. Retrieved November 6 ... "Rectrix Aviation to offer Worcester-to-Baltimore flight". Telegram.com. Retrieved November 6, 2017. "Rectrix Aerodrome Center ...
*  Intrepid Aviation - Wikipedia
Intrepid Aviation is an aviation museum based at North Weald Airfield in North Weald, Essex, England. It was founded by David ... Gilmour sold the company after it became more and more commercial and less of a hobby: Intrepid Aviation was a way for me to ... I don't have Intrepid Aviation any more. I just have a nice old biplane that I pop up, wander around the skies in sometimes ... The Intrepid Aviation Company also supplied aircraft, pilots studio facilities and consultancy services to the film industry ...
*  Zimex Aviation - Wikipedia
The Zimex Aviation fleet comprises the following aircraft (as of August 2016): The Zimex Aviation fleet previously included the ... Zimex Aviation. Retrieved on 8 December 2010. "Zimex Aviation Ltd. Cherstrasse 4 P.O. Box 8152 Glattbrugg Switzerland" Criminal ... Switzerland portal Companies portal Aviation portal Zimex Aviation. ... Zimex Aviation Ltd. is an airline based in Glattbrugg, Switzerland. It provides aircraft leases worldwide to the oil and mining ...
*  Avient Aviation - Wikipedia
"Avient Aviation Fleet Details and History". www.planespotters.net. Retrieved 2017-09-06. "Accident description". Aviation ... Avient Aviation was an international cargo airline with its head office in Harare, Zimbabwe and its commercial center in the ... "Welcome". Avient Aviation. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011. "With head office in ... As of September 2010, Avient Aviation offered scheduled flights to the following destinations: Burkina Faso Ouagadougou - ...
*  Model Aviation - Wikipedia
"Contect Us". Model Aviation. Retrieved 29 November 2015. Model Aviation Online home page. ... And Model Aviation offers a tablet app of the magazine for Android and Apple for a fee. The magazine itself is available by ... Model Aviation is considered to be the voice of the AMA and features editorial content, product reviews, how-to articles and ... Model Aviation is the monthly full-color publication written, prepared and distributed by the Academy of Model Aeronautics ...
*  Roblex Aviation - Wikipedia
"Roblex Aviation Home Page". Roblex Aviation. January 2, 2008. Archived from the original on February 2, 1999. Retrieved June 6 ... As of July 2013 the Roblex Aviation fleet included: 4 Shorts 360-300 On January 8, 2011 Roblex Aviation filed Chapter 11 ... Roblex Aviation was a cargo airline based in Puerto Rico. This airline started flying in 1997 throughout the Caribbean and ... "Roblex Aviation, Inc". AirCharterGuide.com. January 2, 2008. Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved June 9 ...
*  CAE Aviation - Wikipedia
CAE Aviation is an aviation company based in Luxembourg providing services such as aerial surveillance, reconnaissance, ... Founded in 1971, CAE Aviation initially specialised in aircraft maintenance. Since the 1980s the company has diversified into ... Nkala, Oscar (16 March 2015). "CAE Aviation Offers ISR Services to Nigeria". Defense News. Sightline Media Group. Retrieved 26 ... Companies portal "Our profile". CAE Aviation. Retrieved 26 December 2016. Ripley, Tim (31 October 2016). "French-contracted ...
*  Jet Aviation - Wikipedia
Jet Aviation Business Jets Limited is the Hong Kong branch of Jet Aviation. It is based at Hong Kong International Airport, ... Jet Aviation is a Basel-based business aviation services company. One of the industry's largest,[citation needed] it was ... in the United States were added to Jet Aviation's global network. In October 2005 Jet Aviation was acquired by the Permira ... In 1977, Jet Aviation added outfitting services as a new line of business at its Basel operation and the facility has since ...
*  Sorrell Aviation - Wikipedia
Sorrell Aviation was an American aircraft manufacturer based in Tenino, Washington, founded by Hobart C Sorrell and sons John, ... It was sold initially by Sunrise Aircraft of Sheridan, Oregon and was still in production by Thunderbird Aviation of Ray, ... ISBN 0-9680628-1-4 Eckland, KO (15 March 2015). "Sorrell Aviation". Aerofiles. Retrieved 15 March 2015. Downey, Julia: 1999 Kit ... which also remained in production in 2015 by Thunderbird Aviation. Plane and Pilot: 1978 Aircraft Directory, page 153. Werner ...
*  Berry Aviation - Wikipedia
access-date= requires ,url= (help) Berry Aviation fleet Berry Aviation history Starr, Barbara. "Pentagon identifies fourth US ... Berry Aviation is an American charter airline based in San Marcos, Texas, United States. It was established and started ... The Berry Aviation fleet includes the following aircraft (as of August 2016): The airline fleet previously included the ... Starting on August 28, 2017 Berry Aviation conducted over fifty flights for Wings of Rescue and the Humane Society of the ...
*  Pearl Aviation - Wikipedia
"Pearl Aviation"; pdf version of Paspaley Pearls web paqe. Retrieved: 9 September 2008. Lloyd Aviation Jet Charter Pty. Ltd. AOC ... As of December 2009 the Pearl Aviation fleet consists of: 3 Beechcraft B300 Super King Air 350 Pearl Aviation Aerodata AG ... In 2010 the Northern Territory Aerial Medical Service terminated the contract with Pearl Aviation. Pearl Aviation is wholly ... In 2004 Pearl Aviation was awarded a ten-year contract to operate four Beechcraft Super King Airs configured as air ambulances ...
*  Ghodawat Aviation - Wikipedia
"India's Star Air eyes 1Q18 launch using ERJ-145s". ch-aviation.com. "Services". Ghodawat Aviation. "Biz house proposes air ... "Eurocopter Logs New EC135 Sale At Aero India". Aviation International News. "Ghodawat Aviation successfully ferries over 3,700 ... Ghodawt aviation provides charter flights to religious places such as Shirdi. It also operates VIP and tourism charter flights ... Ghodawat Aviation is an Indian charter airline based in Kolhapur, Maharashtra. It operates charter services within the country ...
*  Safarilink Aviation - Wikipedia
Safarilink Aviation Limited (operating as Safarilink) is a regional airline based at Wilson Airport in Nairobi, Kenya. The ... access-date= requires ,url= (help) "Safarilink Fleet". Safarilink Aviation. Retrieved 24 September 2017. "Safarilink". ... Safarilink Aviation fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of August 2017): The airline's fleet previously also included ...
*  Omni Aviation - Wikipedia
Omni Aviation. Retrieved on 14 December 2011. "OMNI Aviation Rua Henrique Callado, n.º4 - Piso 2 2740-303 Porto Salvo - ... The Omni Aviation fleet comprises the following aircraft (as of August 2016): The Omni fleet previously included the following ... Omni - Aviação e Tecnologia, trading as Omni Aviation, is a company headquartered on the second floor of the Edifício Orange in ... single-client seasonal provider to a group of 11 companies and a key player in the national aviation sector, involving a staff ...
*  Pushpaka Aviation - Wikipedia
"Pushpaka Aviation Pvt. Ltd". Pushpaka Aviation. Retrieved 11 July 2012. India today, Volume 8. Retrieved 11 July 2012. India ... Pushpaka Aviation Pvt. Ltd. is an air charter company based in Mumbai, India. It operates a fleet of helicopters from its base ... It operated as an associate of the National carrier Air India using two Sud Aviation Caravelle-6N aircraft, purchased from ... Pushpaka Airlines, the airline division of Pushpak Aviation, began providing passenger and freight charter services from Mumbai ...
*  Huffman Aviation - Wikipedia
Huffman Aviation was a flight-training school in Venice, Florida at Venice Municipal Airport. Huffman Aviation Florida was ... General Aviation News. July 9, 1999. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. "Flight Training". Huffman Aviation. ... Huffman Aviation was purchased by Dutchman Rudi Dekkers in 1999. At the time of purchase, the school had a fleet of 12 small ... In January 2002, Huffman Aviation again made headlines when the local paper sent a reporter onto its property, who managed to ...
*  Airtex Aviation - Wikipedia
"Airtex Aviation website". Airtex Aviation. 10 April 2008. Archived from the original on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-10. ... On 15 June 2010, an Airtex Aviation Piper PA-31 Mojave clipped power lines and crashed in Canley Vale in Sydney's south-west ... On 9 April 2008, at 23:30, an Airtex Aviation Fairchild Metro III aircraft took off from Sydney Airport in Sydney, bound for ... Avtex Air Services Pty Ltd, trading as Airtex Aviation, was an Australian air charter company with its head office at Bankstown ...

RAF Centre of Aviation Medicine: The RAF Centre of Aviation Medicine is a medical organisation run by the Royal Air Force at RAF Henlow in Bedfordshire. It is the main site of aviation medicine research in the UK.Northwest Airlines Flight 85List of Royal Air Force aircraft independent flights: This is a list of Royal Air Force independent Flights. An independent Flight is a military administrative structure which is used to command flying units where the number of aircraft is not large enough to warrant a fully fledged squadron.Aircraft cabin: An aircraft cabin is the section of an aircraft in which passengers travel. At cruising altitudes of modern commercial aircraft the surrounding atmosphere is too thin for passengers and crew to breathe without an oxygen mask, so cabins are pressurized at a higher pressure than ambient pressure at altitude.Fatal Care: Survive in the U.S. Health System: Fatal Care: Survive in the U.S.Inverse benefit law: The inverse benefit law states that the more a new drug is marketed, the worse it is for patients. More precisely, the ratio of benefits to harms among patients taking new drugs tends to vary inversely with how extensively a drug is marketed.Laughlin/Bullhead International AirportForum for Renewable Energy Development in Scotland: The Forum for Renewable Energy Development in Scotland, also known as FREDS is a partnership between industry, academia and Government aimed at enabling Scotland to capitalise on its significant renewable energy resource and thereby secure economic benefits."Forum for Renewable Energy Development" Scottish Government.List of environmental disasters: This page is a list of environmental disasters. In this context it is an annotated list of specific events caused by human activity that results in a negative effect on the environment.Hamid GhodseLas Vegas Grammar School (Las Vegas Boulevard, Las Vegas, Nevada): The Las Vegas Grammar School on Las Vegas Boulevard, also known as the Historic Fifth Street School, is a school listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Nevada and is located in the city of Las Vegas. Built in 1936, the mission style building is the only one remaining from that era.Risk governance: Risk governance refers to the institutions, rules conventions, processes and mechanisms by which decisions about risks are taken and implemented. It can be both normative and positive, because it analyses and formulates risk management strategies to avoid and/or reduce the human and economic costs caused by disasters.Virtual trainingFredric Rieders: Fredric Rieders (July 9, 1922 – November 26, 2005) was an internationally renowned forensic toxicologist. He was born in Vienna, Austria.Occupational fatality: An occupational fatality is a death that occurs while a person is at work or performing work related tasks. Occupational fatalities are also commonly called “occupational deaths” or “work-related deaths/fatalities” and can occur in any industry or occupation.Citizen Weather Observer Program: The Citizen Weather Observer Program (CWOP) is a network of privately owned electronic weather stations concentrated in the United States but also located in over 150 countries. Network participation allows volunteers with computerized weather stations to send automated surface weather observations to the National Weather Service (NWS) by way of the Meteorological Assimilation Data Ingest System (MADIS).

(1/151) Is service with the parachute regiment bad for your health?

Military parachuting is perceived to be a 'high risk' activity. The estimate of risk should be based on a comparison of injury rates between soldiers who are military parachutists and soldiers who are not military parachutists rather than the rate of injury per parachute descent. Since other aspects of military life also have an inherent risk of injury the risk attributable to military parachuting must be assessed in this context. The aim of this paper is to determine whether Parachute Regiment soldiers have a greater risk of injury as compared with non-Parachute Regiment infantry soldiers by comparing rates of hospital admission and medical discharge between the two groups. Records at the Defence Analytical Services Agency were analysed for the 10-year period 1987-96. The mean rate of hospital admission for Parachute Regiment soldiers was 50.1 per 1,000 and for infantry soldiers was 50.8 per 1,000 [relative risk (RR) = 0.98; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.92-1.04). The mean rate of medical discharge for Parachute Regiment soldiers was 4.9 per 1,000 and for infantry the mean rate was 2.8 per 1,000 (RR = 1.76; CI = 1.45-2.15). This study has shown a methodology for comparing occupational exposure to risk that could be extended to other groups if they can be separated by appropriate criteria.  (+info)

(2/151) What is the risk associated with being a qualified military parachutist?

Military parachuting has been recognized as a hazardous activity since it was first introduced in World War II. Other risks associated with military service include actual war-fighting, training with weapons and explosives, operating with armoured vehicles or deployment to climatic extremes. These other hazards should be considered in any assessment of the additional risk associated with military parachuting. The aim of this study was to identify the risk attributable to parachuting amongst US Army enlisted soldiers. This study identified a cohort of infantry soldiers who served between 1990-94. They were separated by receipt of parachute hazardous duty pay. There was a total of 329,794 person-years (PY) available for study of which 18% were in the exposed group. The rate of hospitalization was very similar in both groups [123.9 per 1,000 PYs for the exposed group, 127 in the non-exposed group: relative risk (RR) = 0.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.96-1.00). The exposed group was 1.49 times (CI = 1.42-1.57) more likely to be admitted as a result of an injury as compared with the non-exposed group. Military parachuting was 20 times (CI = 16.6-24.3) more likely to be the cause of an injury. This study has shown that receipt of hazardous duty pay for military parachuting can be used as a marker in identifying significant additional risks to the health of infantry soldiers associated with military parachuting. This was reflected in an increased incidence of admission for acute injury and musculoskeletal trauma (particularly a trauma pattern associated with parachuting) as a result of military parachuting. Other risks, which are associated with parachute pay, are admission for the effects of heat, battle injury and helicopter accidents.  (+info)

(3/151) Personal exposure to JP-8 jet fuel vapors and exhaust at air force bases.

JP-8 jet fuel (similar to commercial/international jet A-1 fuel) is the standard military fuel for all types of vehicles, including the U.S. Air Force aircraft inventory. As such, JP-8 presents the most common chemical exposure in the Air Force, particularly for flight and ground crew personnel during preflight operations and for maintenance personnel performing routine tasks. Personal exposure at an Air Force base occurs through occupational exposure for personnel involved with fuel and aircraft handling and/or through incidental exposure, primarily through inhalation of ambient fuel vapors. Because JP-8 is less volatile than its predecessor fuel (JP-4), contact with liquid fuel on skin and clothing may result in prolonged exposure. The slowly evaporating JP-8 fuel tends to linger on exposed personnel during their interaction with their previously unexposed colleagues. To begin to assess the relative exposures, we made ambient air measurements and used recently developed methods for collecting exhaled breath in special containers. We then analyzed for certain volatile marker compounds for JP-8, as well as for some aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzene) that are related to long-term health risks. Ambient samples were collected by using compact, battery-operated, personal whole-air samplers that have recently been developed as commercial products; breath samples were collected using our single-breath canister method that uses 1-L canisters fitted with valves and small disposable breathing tubes. We collected breath samples from various groups of Air Force personnel and found a demonstrable JP-8 exposure for all subjects, ranging from slight elevations as compared to a control cohort to > 100 [mutilpe] the control values. This work suggests that further studies should be performed on specific issues to obtain pertinent exposure data. The data can be applied to assessments of health outcomes and to recommendations for changes in the use of personal protective equipment that optimize risk reduction without undue impact on a mission.  (+info)

(4/151) Error, stress, and teamwork in medicine and aviation: cross sectional surveys.

OBJECTIVES: To survey operating theatre and intensive care unit staff about attitudes concerning error, stress, and teamwork and to compare these attitudes with those of airline cockpit crew. DESIGN: : Cross sectional surveys. SETTING: : Urban teaching and non-teaching hospitals in the United States, Israel, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. Major airlines around the world. PARTICIPANTS: : 1033 doctors, nurses, fellows, and residents working in operating theatres and intensive care units and over 30 000 cockpit crew members (captains, first officers, and second officers). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: : Perceptions of error, stress, and teamwork. RESULTS: : Pilots were least likely to deny the effects of fatigue on performance (26% v 70% of consultant surgeons and 47% of consultant anaesthetists). Most pilots (97%) and intensive care staff (94%) rejected steep hierarchies (in which senior team members are not open to input from junior members), but only 55% of consultant surgeons rejected such hierarchies. High levels of teamwork with consultant surgeons were reported by 73% of surgical residents, 64% of consultant surgeons, 39% of anaesthesia consultants, 28% of surgical nurses, 25% of anaesthetic nurses, and 10% of anaesthetic residents. Only a third of staff reported that errors are handled appropriately at their hospital. A third of intensive care staff did not acknowledge that they make errors. Over half of intensive care staff reported that they find it difficult to discuss mistakes. CONCLUSIONS: Medical staff reported that error is important but difficult to discuss and not handled well in their hospital. Barriers to discussing error are more important since medical staff seem to deny the effect of stress and fatigue on performance. Further problems include differing perceptions of teamwork among team members and reluctance of senior theatre staff to accept input from junior members.  (+info)

(5/151) Cancer incidence among Norwegian airline pilots.

OBJECTIVES: In this retrospective cohort study, the cancer incidence of commercial pilots was studied to determine whether exposure at work has any influence on the incidence of cancer. METHODS: The cohort was established from the files of the Civil Aviation Administration and included people who had valid licenses as commercial pilots between 1946 and 1994. Basic data about their flight careers were recorded, and exposure to cosmic radiation was estimated. The cohort was linked to the Cancer Register of Norway. The observed number of cases was compared with that expected based on national rates. RESULTS: A group of 3701 male pilots was followed over 70 560 person-years. There were 200 cases of cancer versus 188.8 expected, with a standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of 1.06 and a 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of 0.92-1.22. No significant decreased risk was found for any cancer site. Excess risks were found for malignant melanoma (22 cases SIR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-2.7) and nonmelanoma skin cancer (14 cases, SIR 2.4, 95% CI 1.3-4.0). For malignant melanoma, there was a significant trend for the SIR by cumulative dose. CONCLUSIONS: For most cancer sites, the incidence among pilots did not deviate from that of the general population and could not be related to block hours of flight time or dose. It seems more likely that the excess risks of malignant melanoma and skin cancer are explained by factors related to life-style rather than by conditions at work.  (+info)

(6/151) Changes in the ocular and nasal signs and symptoms of aircrews in relation to the ban on smoking on intercontinental flights.

OBJECTIVES: This study determined the influence of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in aircraft on measured and perceived cabin air quality (CAQ), symptoms, tear-film stability, nasal patency, and biomarkers in nasal lavage fluid. METHODS: Commercial aircrews underwent a standardized examination, including acoustic rhinometry, nasal lavage, and measurement of tear-film break-up time. Eosinophilic cationic protein, myeloperoxidase, lysozyme, and albumin were analyzed in the nasal lavage fluid. Inflight investigations [participation rate 98% (N=39)] were performed on board 4 flights, 2 in each direction between Scandinavia and Japan. Scandinavian crew on 6 flights from Scandinavia to Japan participated in postflight measurements after landing [participation rate 85% (N=41)]. Half the flights permitted smoking on board, and the other half, 0.5 months later, did not. Hygienic measurements showed low relative air humidity on board (2-10%) and a carbon dioxide concentration of <1000 ppm during 99.6% of the cruising time. RESULTS: The smoking ban caused a drastic reduction of respirable particles, from a mean of 66 (SD 56) microg/m3 to 3 (SD 0.8) microg/m3. The perceived CAQ was improved, and there were fewer symptoms, particularly ocular symptoms, headache and tiredness. Tear-film stability increased, and nasal patency was altered. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a high air exchange rate and spatial separation between smokers and nonsmokers, smoking in commercial aircraft may cause significant air pollution, as indicated by a large increase in respirable particles. This ETS exposure is associated with an increase in ocular and general symptoms, decreased tear-film stability, and alterations of nasal patency.  (+info)

(7/151) Gravitoinertial force magnitude and direction influence head-centric auditory localization.

We measured the influence of gravitoinertial force (GIF) magnitude and direction on head-centric auditory localization to determine whether a true audiogravic illusion exists. In experiment 1, supine subjects adjusted computer-generated dichotic stimuli until they heard a fused sound straight ahead in the midsagittal plane of the head under a variety of GIF conditions generated in a slow-rotation room. The dichotic stimuli were constructed by convolving broadband noise with head-related transfer function pairs that model the acoustic filtering at the listener's ears. These stimuli give rise to the perception of externally localized sounds. When the GIF was increased from 1 to 2 g and rotated 60 degrees rightward relative to the head and body, subjects on average set an acoustic stimulus 7.3 degrees right of their head's median plane to hear it as straight ahead. When the GIF was doubled and rotated 60 degrees leftward, subjects set the sound 6.8 degrees leftward of baseline values to hear it as centered. In experiment 2, increasing the GIF in the median plane of the supine body to 2 g did not influence auditory localization. In experiment 3, tilts up to 75 degrees of the supine body relative to the normal 1 g GIF led to small shifts, 1--2 degrees, of auditory setting toward the up ear to maintain a head-centered sound localization. These results show that head-centric auditory localization is affected by azimuthal rotation and increase in magnitude of the GIF and demonstrate that an audiogravic illusion exists. Sound localization is shifted in the direction opposite GIF rotation by an amount related to the magnitude of the GIF and its angular deviation relative to the median plane.  (+info)

(8/151) Cosmic radiation protection dosimetry using an Electronic personal Dosemeter (Siemens EPD) on selected international flights.

The effectiveness of an Electronic Personal Dosemeter (Siemens EPD) for cosmic-radiation dosimetry at aviation altitudes was examined on eight international flights between March and September, 1998. The EPD values (Hepd) of the dose equivalent from penetrating radiation, Hp(10), were assumed to be almost the same as the electron absorbed doses during those flights. Based on the compositions of cosmic radiation in the atmosphere and the 1977 ICRP recommendation, an empirical equation to conservatively estimate the personal dose equivalent (Hp77) at a depth of 5 cm was derived as Hp77 = 3.1 x Hepd. The personal dose equivalent (Hp90) based on the 1990 ICRP recommendation was given by Hp90 = 4.6 x Hepd; the conservative feature of Hp90 was confirmed in a comparison with the calculated effective doses by means of the CARI-6 code. It is thus expected that the EPD will be effectively used for radiation protection dosimetry on selected international flights.  (+info)

  • 2017
  • Mit Stand Februar 2017 besteht die Flotte der Eagle Aviation aus einer Cessna Citation XLS mit dem Luftfahrzeugkennzeichen D-CCWD . (wikipedia.org)
  • On March 6, 2017, Rectrix Commercial Aviation Services announced that its Aerodrome Center located at L.G. Hanscom Field Airport in Bedford, Mass. (BED) is now an approved "gateway FBO" for general And corporate aviation flights to Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Berry Aviation fleet includes the following aircraft (as of August 2016): The airline fleet previously included the following aircraft: 2 further Dornier 328-100 4 UH-72 Lakota Helicopters On October 4, 2017, four U.S. Army personnel and five Nigerien soldiers were killed and two more injured after being ambushed while assisting local forces in Southwest Niger. (wikipedia.org)
  • Starting on August 28, 2017 Berry Aviation conducted over fifty flights for Wings of Rescue and the Humane Society of the United States, carrying in over 100 tons of emergency supplies into the Hurricane Harvey, Irma and Maria zones and then flying over 4,500 pets who otherwise would have died to safety at no-kill animal shelters throughout the mainland United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • operate
  • Aviation Ordnancemen (AO) operate and handle aviation ordnance equipment. (navy.mil)
  • Aviation Support Equipment Technicians (AS) operate, maintain, repair and test automotive electrical systems in ground equipment, gasoline and diesel systems, and associated automotive, hydraulic and pneumatic systems. (navy.mil)
  • Formed by Brendan and Allison Walsh to manage and operate David Gilmour's rapidly expanding collection of vintage aircraft, The Intrepid Aviation Company went on to be a major player in the airshow business staging the Thurrock and North Weald airshows in addition to providing aircraft to perform at airshows around Europe during the 1990s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the closure of Intrepid Aviation, Brendan and Allison Walsh Moved to the Isle of Mull on Scotland's West Coast and operate the Glenforsa Hotel and Airfield. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Spring 2008, Jet Aviation and Beijing-based Deer Air, signed a joint venture to operate a FBO and line maintenance facility at Beijing's Capital International Airport. (wikipedia.org)
  • As part of General Dynamics, Jet Aviation will operate as an independent business unit within the General Dynamics Aerospace Group to continue with its successful business model. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2004 Pearl Aviation was awarded a ten-year contract to operate four Beechcraft Super King Airs configured as air ambulances for the Northern Territory Aerial Medical Service, after losing a similar Ambulance Service of New South Wales contract to the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia the previous year. (wikipedia.org)
  • companies
  • Transport Commissioner Violeta Bulc is seeking to level the playing field between European aviation companies and their rivals from the Gulf states, where heavy subsidies have given these big airlines a clear advantage. (euractiv.com)
  • Austrian aviation companies hold operating licences for the commercial carriage of passengers, post and freight under Council Regulation (EEC) No 1008/2008 and air operator's certificates listing the individual aircraft and the operations for which they are licensed. (gv.at)
  • Omni was incorporated in Portugal in 1988 and has developed from a single-contract, single-client seasonal provider to a group of 11 companies and a key player in the national aviation sector, involving a staff complement of 400 personnel and an annual turnover of 90 million euros. (wikipedia.org)
  • pilots
  • After World War II, especially in North America, there was a boom in general aviation, both private and commercial, as thousands of pilots were released from military service and many inexpensive war-surplus transport and training aircraft became available. (wikipedia.org)
  • help
  • access-date= (help) "Raytheon lands 50-plane order, maybe more, from Executive Jet, Inc". General Aviation News. (wikipedia.org)
  • naval
  • Aviation Boatswain's Mates (AB) play a major part in launching and recovering naval aircraft quickly and safely from land or ships. (navy.mil)
  • In 2009, the AW rating merged with all other Aircrew NEC's and changed their title from Aviation Warfare System Operators to Naval Aircrewman. (navy.mil)
  • The word aviation was coined by French writer and former naval officer Gabriel La Landelle in 1863, from the verb avier (synonymous flying), itself derived from the Latin word avis ("bird") and the suffix -ation. (wikipedia.org)
  • global aviation
  • The C919, China's first large-frame civilian jetliner, takes to the skies for a test flight as the country looks to break into the global aviation market. (france24.com)
  • Industry
  • Industry interest in electric propulsion for aircraft is growing fast but the first hybrid-electric jetliner is "at least a decade away", according to one aviation R&D executive. (euractiv.com)
  • flight
  • The modern age of aviation began with the first untethered human lighter-than-air flight on November 21, 1783, of a hot air balloon designed by the Montgolfier brothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the 1920s and 1930s great progress was made in the field of aviation, including the first transatlantic flight of Alcock and Brown in 1919, Charles Lindbergh's solo transatlantic flight in 1927, and Charles Kingsford Smith's transpacific flight the following year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Huffman Aviation was a flight-training school in Venice, Florida at Venice Municipal Airport. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • The Aviation is a classic cocktail made with gin, maraschino liqueur, crème de violette, and lemon juice. (wikipedia.org)
  • In January 2002, Huffman Aviation again made headlines when the local paper sent a reporter onto its property, who managed to casually move between airplane cockpits, fuel tanks and other "safety concerns" without anybody noticing or stopping him. (wikipedia.org)
  • systems
  • Aviation Electrican's Mates (AE) are responsible for aircraft electrical power generating and converting systems. (navy.mil)
  • Aviation Structural Mechanics (AM/NDI) (AME) maintain all aircraft main and auxiliary hydraulic power systems, actuating subsystems, landing gear, and utility systems throughout the aircraft. (navy.mil)
  • year
  • While global talks continue on a possible market-based approach to reduce aviation carbon emissions, jet engine manufacturers are "running as fast as we can in order to reduce the fuel burn", said Alan H. Epstein, stressing that engines are growing quieter and more efficient every year. (euractiv.com)
  • civil
  • In an effort to standardize safety standards worldwide, the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) was set up in 1944 as a specialized agency of the UN. (gv.at)
  • On all these matters Austria takes part in the work of regulation as a member of international forums like the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the European Union (EU). (gv.at)
  • head
  • The Aviation was created by Hugo Ensslin, head bartender at the Hotel Wallick in New York, in the early twentieth century. (wikipedia.org)
  • long
  • Environmental groups and concerned NGOs have long advocated for taxes on aviation to offset its environmental damage. (globalpolicy.org)
  • great
  • Aviation authorities attach great importance to compliance with national and international safety regulations. (gv.at)